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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a sensitive, simple and rapid detection method for African swine fever virus (ASFV) B646L gene.@*METHODS@#A recombinase-aided amplification-lateral flow dipstick (RAA-LFD) assay was developed in this study. Recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) is used to amplify template DNA, and lateral flow dipstick (LFD) is used to interpret the results after the amplification is completed. The lower limits of detection and specificity of the RAA assay were verified using recombinant plasmid and pathogenic nucleic acid. In addition, 30 clinical samples were tested to evaluate the performance of the RAA assay.@*RESULTS@#The RAA-LFD assay was completed within 15 min at 37 °C, including 10 min for nucleic acid amplification and 5 minutes for LFD reading results. The detection limit of this assay was found to be 200 copies per reaction. And there was no cross-reactivity with other swine viruses.@*CONCLUSION@#A highly sensitive, specific, and simple RAA-LFD method was developed for the rapid detection of the ASFV.


Subject(s)
African Swine Fever/virology , African Swine Fever Virus/isolation & purification , Animals , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , Recombinases/chemistry , Sensitivity and Specificity , Swine , Viral Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887882

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer has become the most common cancer for women in China.Lack of effective therapeutic targets,triple negative breast cancer(TNBC)has poorer prognosis compared with other subtypes of breast cancer.Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes(TILs)are a group of heterogeneous lymphocytes around the tumor,which are believed as immunoreactive products of host immune response to tumor antigens.At present,there have been reports on the predictive effect of TILs on the prognosis of breast cancer,and the available studies focus mainly on TNBC.This article briefly reviews the recent progress of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in immunotherapy of TNBC.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , China , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Prognosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of abbreviated comprehensive geriatric assessment(aCGA)in elderly female breast cancer patients. Methods Eight aspects of the traditional CGA were simplified to form the aCGA assessment table,based on which the patients were classified into three grades of A,B and C according to the total scores.This study enrolled the elderly female patients with breast cancer aged 70 years and above who were treated in PUMC Hospital from June 2018 to January 2020.Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)scoring and aCGA grading were performed respectively,and the results of the two methods were compared. Results Of the 162 patients,111(68.5%)were classified by the aGGA method as grade A,43(26.5%)as grade B,and 8(5.0%)as grade C;131(80.9%)cases have concurrent diseases,and the most common complications were hypertension(


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1611-1616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate th e effectiveness ,safety and economy of albu min-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX)in the treatment of breast cancer by using rapid health technology assessment (HTA),and to provide evidence-based reference for drug selection. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed ,the Cochrane Library ,CNKI,Wangfang database and other databases ,systematic evaluation/Meta-analysis,HTA and pharmacoeconomic studies about nab-PTX in the treatment of breast cancer were included ;the conclusions were classified and analyzed by using descriptive analysis. RESULTS :A total of 5 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis , 8 pharmacoeconomic studies were included in this study. Compared with conventional taxanes ,nab-PTX increased pathological complete response (pCR)rate [OR =1.39,95%CI(1.16,1.67),P<0.001] and event-free survival (EFS)[HR=0.69,95%CI(0.57, 0.85),P<0.001] in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC)-treated breast cancer patients. However ,there were no significant differences in overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS),objective response rate (ORR)and disease control rate (DCR)in metastatic breast cancer (MBC)patients between 2 groups. In the terms of safety ,nab-PTX increased the incidence of grade 3-4 sensory neuropathy [OR =1.89,95%CI(1.36,2.61),P<0.001] in MBC patients ,and increased the incidence of neutropenia [OR = 1.52,95%CI(1.23,1.88,P<0.001],sensory neuropathy [OR = 2.17,95%CI(1.38,3.40),P<0.001],rash [OR =1.46,95%CI mei1213@163.com (1.18,1.80),P<0.001] and fatigue [OR =1.28,95%CI(1.04, 1.56), P=0.02] in NAC -treated breast cancer patients.Pharmacoeconomic studies showed that nab-PTX could improve the quality adjusted lif e years of MBC patients compared with traditional taxanes ,and it was a economical option. CONCLUSIONS:Nab-PTX enhances pCR in NAC-treated breast cancer patients ,but has no significant advantage in the effectiveness of MBC patients ,and increases the occurrence of ADR. Nab-PTX may have a cost-utility advantage over conventional taxanes for MBC.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1336-1341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877324

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the potential mechanism of serum N-glycan alterations in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by measuring serum N-glycan profile and comparing glycosyltransferase gene expression between HCC tissue and adjacent tissue. MethodsThe samples of HCC tissue, adjacent tissue, and normal liver tissue were collected from 34 patients with HBV-related HCC who were admitted to Chinese PLA General Hospital, and serum samples were also collected. Among these 34 patients, 8 were randomly selected and their serum samples were established as HCC experimental group, and the serum samples of 20 healthy adults were established as control group. DNA sequencer-aided fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis was used to analyze serum N-glycan profile in the HCC experimental group and the control group. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of 8 glycosyltransferase genes (FUT3, FUT4, FUT6, FUT7, FUT8, Gn-TIII, Gn-TIVa, and Gn-TV) in the HCC tissue and adjacent tissue of 34 patients with HBV-related HCC, and Western blot was used to measure the expression of corresponding proteins. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the HCC experimental group had a significant increase in the abundance of N-glycan peak9 (NA3Fb) in serum(t=-2.514,P<0.05). There were significant differences in the mRNA expression of FUT8, Gn-TIVa, and Gn-TV between HCC tissue and adjacent tissue, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of FUT8 and Gn-TV in HCC tissue were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissue (FUT8 mRNA: 1.50±0.34 vs 0.65±0.11, t=-2.354,P=0.022; Gn-TV mRNA: 3.57±0.64 vs 1.33±016, t=-3.384,P=0001; FUT8 protein: 0.70±0.11 vs 0.083±0.017, t=9.555,P=0.001; Gn-TV protein: 1.33±0.19 vs 0.60±0.15, t=5.097,P=0.007). The mRNA expression level of Gn-TIVa in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissue (2.90±0.47 vs 1.68±0.19, t=-2.403,P=0.019), but there was no significant difference in the protein expression level of Gn-TIVa between HCC tissue and adjacent tissue (052±0.24 vs 0.24±0.11,t=1.833, P=0.141). The changes of glycosyltransferase gene expression in HCC tissue were consistent with the alteration of serum N-glycan profile. ConclusionSerum N-glycan alterations in patients with HBV-related HCC may be closely associated with the upregulated expression of the glycosyltransferase genes FUT8, Gn-TIVa, and Gn-TV in HCC tissue.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873009

ABSTRACT

Piperis Fructus is the dried nearly ripe or ripe fruit of Piperaceae, which is an important spice material and a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it is widely used in the world. It is recorded to possess the efficacy of warming spleen and stomach for dispelling cold, depressing Qi and dissolving phlegm. Piperis Fructus mainly contains amide alkaloids with piperine as the main ingredient and volatile oil dominated by monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids, which have a wide range of biological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, etc. By referring to relevant papers at home and abroad, the researches on chemical compositions from different parts and pharmacological effects of Piperis Fructus in recent 5 years were summarized and analyzed. It was found that Piperis Fructus has great potential for drug development as a TCM with homology of medicine and food, which can provide a reference for further research and comprehensive utilization of Piperis Fructus.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 575-589, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774967

ABSTRACT

Due to the critical correlation between inflammation and carcinogenesis, a therapeutic candidate with anti-inflammatory activity may find application in cancer therapy. Here, we report the therapeutic efficacy of celastrol as a promising candidate compound for treatment of pancreatic carcinoma naïve neutrophil membrane-coated poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether--poly(lactic--glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA) nanoparticles. Neutrophil membrane-coated nanoparticles (NNPs) are well demonstrated to overcome the blood pancreas barrier to achieve pancreas-specific drug delivery . Using tumor-bearing mice xenograft model, NNPs showed selective accumulations at the tumor site following systemic administration as compared to nanoparticles without neutrophil membrane coating. In both orthotopic and ectopic tumor models, celastrol-loaded NNPs demonstrated greatly enhanced tumor inhibition which significantly prolonged the survival of tumor bearing mice and minimizing liver metastases. Overall, these results suggest that celastrol-loaded NNPs represent a viable and effective treatment option for pancreatic carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 267-273, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of anluohuaxianwan (ALHXW) using rat model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced liver fibrosis on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs).@*Methods@#Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control, model and treatment groups. Rats in the model and treatment groups were injected intraperitoneally with 40% CCl4 (2 ml/kg), and the control group were given isotonic saline twice a week for six weeks. Meanwhile, the treatment group were gavaged with ALHXW solution daily (concentration 0.15 g/ml, 9.9 ml/kg) for 6 weeks, while the control and model groups were given isotonic saline once a day for 6 weeks. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured at the end of third and sixth week. At the end of six weeks, liver tissues were harvested for histopathological evaluation and the detection of mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-2/13 and TIMP-1/2. According to different data, LSD method, parametric (one-way ANOVA) and non-parametric tests (Kruskal-Wallis H-test and Mann-Whitney U test) were used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Compared with the model group, ALHXW markedly alleviated liver injury in the treatment group, and thereby improved the general state of rats, liver and spleen morphological characteristics, and ALT and AST levels. Histopathological examination demonstrated that the extent of liver fibrosis was improved (2.75 ± 0.75 vs. 3.55 ± 0.69, P = 0.015) in the treatment group as compared with the model group. The mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-13 in the treatment group were significantly higher than that of the model group (mRNA: 10.50 ± 7.64 vs. 4.40 ± 2.97, P = 0.029. Protein: 1.15 ± 0.09 vs. 0.78 ± 0.21, P = 0.016), whereas the mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-2, TIMP-1/2 in the treatment group were significantly lower than that of the model group (mRNA: 4.55 ± 3.29 vs. 7.83 ± 4.19, P = 0.048; 1.66 ± 0.73 vs. 3.69 ± 2.78, P = 0.023; 2.25 ± 1.16 vs. 3.41 ± 1.51, P = 0.049; respectively. Protein: 0.44 ± 0.11 vs. 0.65 ± 0.05, P = 0.03; 0.69 ± 0.06 vs. 1.07 ± 0.21, P = 0.016; 0.46 ± 0.09 vs. 0.81 ± 0.13, P = 0.003; respectively).@*Conclusion@#ALHXW exerts anti-liver fibrosis effects mainly by improving liver function, inhibiting the activation of hepatic stellate cells, enhancing the expression of MMP-13, and inhibiting the expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-1/2.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712571

ABSTRACT

The paper presented the " Professors Evaluation System" initiated by the hospital since July 2009, which was designed for quantitative assessment of senior medical professionals of non-management category in terms of their performance in medical, teaching, research and management work. Seven periods of appraisal have witnessed a significant elevation of the rate of excellence among such professionals, proving that such a system can motivate and guide these professionals to continuously improve their competence in medical, teaching, research and management work.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 127-132, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779855

ABSTRACT

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is characterized by both local and systemic inflammatory responses. This study was designed to develop a site-specific delivery strategy for SAP therapy using celastrol (CLT). First, murine RAW264.7 cells were used as a model of macrophage cell line, cell membranes were obtained by emptying intracellular contents via hypotonic lysing, mechanical membrane disruption, and differential centrifugation. Poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether-block-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) were then prepared by sonication. With the collected membrane materials, macrophage membrane coated PEG-PLGA NPs (RNPs) were then prepared by extrusion through a 400 nm polycarbonate membrane. Biodistribution study in rats with SAP showed RNPs selectively accumulated in the inflamed pancreatic tissues. Compared with CLT loaded NPs, CLT loaded RNPs were proven to effectively attenuate local pancreatic inflammation and systemic inflammation in rats with SAP.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710827

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between diabetic retinopathy ( DR) and atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease ( ASCVD) .Methods Clinical data of 654 patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) were collected from a cross sectional , population based survey on chronic diseases and risk factors which was conducted in Beijing Changping district from July 2010 to March 2011.Among 654 T2DM patients, there were 73 patients with ASCVD (ASCVD group) and 581 patients without ASCVD ( non-ASCVD group ) .The association between DR and ASCVD was analyzed .Results Patients with ASCVD had significantly older age [58.5(53.9,65.9) years], more female sex[52(71.2%)], higher proportion of ASCVD history [45(61.6%)], higher levels of PG 2 h[16.26(11.08,19.20) mmol/L], HbA1c[7.20(6.55,8.85)%], systolic pressure [151(133,165) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)] and lower eGFR[87.2(75.0,103.0) ml· min-1· 1.73 m-2] than non-ASCVD patients[52.4(46.5,58.3) years, Z=-5.86, P=0.00; 307(52.8%),χ2=-8.86, P=0.00; 256(44.1%),χ2=8.07, P=0.01; 13.10(8.99,17.93) mmol/L, Z=-2.35, P=0.02; 6.70(6.00, 7.90)%, Z=-3.33, P=0.00; 143(131,158) mmHg, χ2=-2.28, P=0.02; 94.6(84.8,106.3) ml· min-1· 1.73 m-2, Z=-3.47, P=0.00].The trend to develop DR in ASCVD group was significantly higher than that in non-ASCVD group [19.2%(14/74) vs.8.3%(48/581), χ2=9.01, P =0.00] .DR was an independent statistical indicator of the presence of ASCVD [ OR ( 95%CI ): 2.64 ( 1.37 -5.06 ), P =0.00 ] . Furthermore, when DR was divided into NPDR and PDR according to its severity , only PDR was significantly associated with incident ASCVD [OR(95%CI): 12.05 (2.63-55.12), P=0.00].After adjusting for traditional ASCVD risk factors , such an association still existed , with the risk of having ASCVD increasing by 718%[ OR (95% CI): 8.18 ( 1.56 -42.81 ), P =0.01] .DR associates strongly with ASCVD in the Chinese population with T 2DM.Conclussion With the severity of DR increasing , the risk of ASCVD also grows.After adjustment for traditional risk factors , PDR is still associated with the risk of prevalent ASCVD.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690669

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) rapidly and distinguish its genotypes, a TaqMan-based reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection system was developed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By aligning the full-length sequences of JEV (G1-G5), six sets of highly specific TaqMan real-time RT-PCR primers and probes were designed based on the highly conserved NS1, NS2, and M genes of JEV, which included one set for non-specific JEV detection and five sets for the detection of specific JEV genotypes. Twenty batches of mosquito samples were used to evaluate our quantitative PCR assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the specific assay, no other flavivirus were detected. The lower limits of detection of the system were 1 pfu/mL for JEV titers and 100 RNA copies/µL. The coefficients of variation of this real-time RT-PCR were all < 2.8%. The amplification efficiency of this method was between 90% and 103%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A TaqMan real-time RT-PCR detection system was successfully established to detect and differentiate all five JEV genotypes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Culicidae , Virology , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690667

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a serious public health issue. This study was undertaken to better understand the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors in China. JE data from 2005 to 2010 were retrieved from National Notifiable Disease Report System. ArcGIS, remote sensing techniques, and R software was used to exhibit and explore the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors. Our results indicated that JE cases were mostly concentrated in warm-temperate, semitropical and tropical zones with annual precipitation > 400 mm; Broad-leaved evergreen forest, shrubs, paddy field, irrigated land, dryland, evergreen coniferous forest, and shrubland were risk factors for JE occurrence, and the former five were risk factors for counties with high JE incidence. These findings will inform the effective allocation of limited health resources such as intensive vaccination, surveillance and training in areas with high environmental risk factors.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Encephalitis, Japanese , Epidemiology , Virology , Environment , Epidemiological Monitoring , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In previous studies, we immunized mice with Ebola recombinant protein vaccine and gene vector vaccine. Both stimulated high levels of humoral immunity. In this work, we constructed a pseudovirus containing Ebola membrane proteins to verify whether the two immunization strategies can induce neutralizing antibodies in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A pseudovirus containing an Ebola virus membrane protein based on the HIV-1 viral gene sequence was constructed and evaluated using a known neutralizing antibody. The titer of the neutralizing antibody in the sera of mice immunized with the recombinant protein and the gene vector vaccine was examined using a neutralization test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ebola pseudovirus was successfully prepared and applied for neutralizing antibody detection. Immunological experiments showed that recombinant protein GP-Fc and gene vaccine pVR-modGP-Fc had good immunogenicity. The titer of the bound antibody in the serum after 8 weeks of immunization in mice was more than 1:105, and the recombinant protein induced greater humoral immunity. The results of the neutralization test based on the Ebola pseudovirus system demonstrated that both vaccines induced production of protective antibodies, while the gene vaccine induced a higher titer of neutralizing antibodies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>An Ebola pseudovirus detection system was successfully established and used to evaluate two Ebola vaccines. Both produced good immunogenicity. The findings lay the foundation for the development of new Ebola vaccines and screening for neutralizing monoclonal antibodies.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621498

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of pedicle fixation for treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures in patients with osteoporosis,and to provide more evidence for the treatment.Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 121 patients with osteoporotic vertebral burst fracture from June 2012 to October 2015.And these patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, namely the control group (n=56) who were given short segment fixation and the observation group (n=65) who were given single segment fixation.The visual analogue scale(VAS),Oswestry disability index(ODI),vertebral height,kyphotic angle and bone mineral density of the two groups were analyzed before surgery and 3 days,1 month,3 months and 12 months after surgery.Results The VAS score,ODI score,vertebral height,and Cobb angle of the injured vertebra were significantly improved in both of the two groups,and the difference was statistically significant (P0.05).The ODI score of the observation group was better than that of the control group 3 days and 3 months after surgery with statistically significant difference (P<0.05),and there was no significant difference between the two groups till the end of follow-up.Pedicle fixation at the injured vertebra significantly improved the vertebral height and Cobb angle with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).And the anti-osteoporosis treatment significantly increased the bone mineral density (P<0.05).Conclusion Pedicle fixation at the injured vertebra is useful in pain relief as well as function and anatomical structure restoring.And anti-osteoporosis treatment is necessary for the bone mineral density increase.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 698-704, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619210

ABSTRACT

Currently,surgical treatments in tennis elbow include open,arthroscopic and percutaneous procedures.Open surgery,having definite curative effects,is commonly used.There are different surgical methods based on different hypotheses about the pathogenesis of tennis elbow,such as detachment of common extensor origin,resection of annular ligament,denervation surgery and resection of microvascular nerve bundle.There is a huge difference in open surgery of tennis elbow between China and abroad.Debriding or releasing extensor carpi radialis brevis and common extensor tendon are mostly used abroad though it remains controversial whether we should release or debride with tendon,as well as whether it is better to decorticate on lateral epicondyle or not.In China,tennis elbow is treated with resection of microvascular nerve bundle except for debridement and release of tendon.As for evaluation criteria,the following methods,grip strength,grading system and visual analogue scale have been used in researches.However,cure rate and response rate are valuation criteria for resection of microvascular nerve bundle in China.The evaluation criteria are different among various surgical methods,even in the methods,especially for grading system.Each research has unique standards to define excellent,good,fair and poor outcomes.Complications of tennis elbow open surgery are rare,while subcutaneous hematoma is the common complication.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610957

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in non-medullary andmedullary cells in lung ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods Ten healthy male TLR4+/+ in non-medullary cells/TLR4+/+ in medullary cells (WT/WT) mice,10 TLR4-/-in non-medullary cells/ TLR4-/-in medullary cells (KO/KO) homozygote mice,10 TLR4+/+ in non-medullary cells/TLR4-/-in medullary cells (WT/KO) mice,and 10 TLR4-/-in non-medullary cells/TLR4+/+ in medullary cells (KO/WT) heterozygote mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 20-25 g,were used in the study.Lung I/R was induced by occlusion of the left hilum for 60 min followed by 240 min of reperfusion in anesthetized mice.Blood samples were obtained from the femoral artery at 240 min of reperfusion for blood gas analysis,and the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was calculated.The animals were then sacrificed and lung tissues were immediately removed for determination of wet/dry weight ratio,myeloperoxidase activity and contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha,interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-6 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of lungs which were scored.Results Compared with WT/WT mice,the oxygenation index was significantly increased in sequence,and lung injury scores,wet/dry weight ratio,myeloperoxidase activity and contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha,IL-1β and IL-6 were decreased in sequence in WT/KO,KO/WT and KO/KO mice (P<0.05).Conclusion TLR4 in non-medullary cells plays a rnore important role in lung I/R injury than that in medullary cells of mice.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311395

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a rapid, highly sensitive, and quantitative method for the detection of NT-proBNP levels based on a near-infrared point-of-care diagnostic (POCT) device with wide scope.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The lateral flow assay (LFA) strip of NT-proBNP was first prepared to achieve rapid detection. Then, the antibody pairs for NT-proBNP were screened and labeled with the near-infrared fluorescent dye Dylight-800. The capture antibody was fixed on a nitrocellulose membrane by a scribing device. Serial dilutions of serum samples were prepared using NT-proBNP-free serum series. The prepared test strips, combined with a near-infrared POCT device, were validated by known concentrations of clinical samples. The POCT device gave the output of the ratio of the intensity of the fluorescence signal of the detection line to that of the quality control line. The relationship between the ratio value and the concentration of the specimen was plotted as a work curve. The results of 62 clinical specimens obtained from our method were compared in parallel with those obtained from the Roche E411 kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the log-log plot, the new method demonstrated that there was a good linear relationship between the ratio value and NT-proBNP concentrations ranging from 20 pg/mL to 10 ng/mL. The results of the 62 clinical specimens measured by our method showed a good linear correlation with those measured by the Roche E411 kit.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new LFA detection method of NT-proBNP levels based on the near-infrared POCT device was rapid and highly sensitive with wide scope and was thus suitable for rapid and early clinical diagnosis of cardiac impairment.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Biomarkers , Heart Diseases , Diagnosis , Humans , Immunoassay , Methods , Infrared Rays , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Peptide Fragments , Blood , Point-of-Care Testing , Reagent Strips , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285252

ABSTRACT

The levels of Streptococcus (S.) mutans infections in saliva were evaluated and a comparison for specific antibody levels among children with different levels of S. mutans infection was made. The promising epitopic regions of antigen AgI/II (PAc) and glucosyltransferase (GTF) for potential vaccine targets related to S. mutans adherence were screened. A total of 94 children aged 3-4 years were randomly selected, including 53 caries-negative and 41 caries-positive children. The values of S. mutans and those of salivary total secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), anti-PAc and anti-Glucan binding domain (anti-GLU) were compared to determine the correlation among them. It was found the level of s-IgA against specific antigens did not increase with increasing severity of S. mutans infection, and the complete amino acid sequence of PAc and GTFB was analyzed using the DNAStar Protean system for developing specific anti-caries vaccines related to S. mutans adherence. A significantly positive correlation between the amount of S. mutans and children decayed, missing, and filled teeth index was observed. No significant difference was detected in specific sIgA against PAc or GLU between any two groups. No significant correlation was found between such specific sIgA and caries index. A total of 16 peptides from PAc as well as 13 peptides from GTFB were chosen for further investigation. S. mutans colonization contributed to early children caries as an important etiological factor. The level of sIgA against specific antigens did not increase with increasing severity of S. mutans infection in children. The epitopes of PAc and GTF have been screened to develop the peptide-based or protein-based anti-caries vaccines.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Bacterial , Antigens, Bacterial , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Bacterial Proteins , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Epitopes , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Glucosyltransferases , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Male , Peptides , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Saliva , Chemistry , Microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Streptococcal Vaccines , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Streptococcus mutans , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence , Vaccines, Subunit , Virulence Factors , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296524

ABSTRACT

Fifteen pediatric cases of suspected Japanese encephalitis (JE) were reported in Beijing Children's Hospital during the late summer of 2013. The clinical manifestations in most cases included high fever, seizures, and abnormal magnetic resonance imaging findings. Twelve of 15 cases were laboratory-confirmed as JE cases by pathogen identification. Epidemiological investigations showed that five of the 12 laboratory-confirmed patients had an incomplete JE vaccination history. Follow-up investigations after discharge indicated that seven laboratory-confirmed JE patients without JE vaccinations had relatively poor prognoses, with an average Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score of 2.6 when compared with the other five laboratory-confirmed, JE-vaccinated patients with an average MRS score of 0.5. The observation of pediatric JE cases among those with a history of JE vaccination warrants further attention.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Physiology , Encephalitis, Japanese , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Virology , Female , Humans , Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines , Male , Prognosis
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