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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 109-117, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875595

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of postoperative chemotherapy in pT1bN0 and pT2N0 gastric cancer patients with high risk factors. @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of gastric cancer patients, who had undergone gastrectomy in high volume centers in Korea and China and were finally diagnosed with pT1bN0 and pT2N0 between 2006 and 2010, were analyzed retrospectively. Survival analyses stratified by risk factors and multivariable analyses were performed. @*Results@#A total of 1509 patients were enrolled, with 41 (2.7%) patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after gastrectomy and 1468 (97.3%) patients undergoing surgery alone. The adjuvant chemotherapy group showed higher percentages of tumor with maximal diameter >3 cm (51.2% vs. 25.8%), poor differentiation (68.3% vs. 49.8%), and less harvested lymph nodes (17.1% vs. 5.2%) compared to the surgery alone group. The overall survival rates were 95.1% in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 93.3% in the surgery alone group, without significant difference. In multivariable analysis, age was found to be an independent prognostic factor. However, there were no difference in the overall survival between patients with risk factors and those without risk factors, even in terms of age. Meanwhile, patients with more than two risk factors who received chemotherapy showed better survival trend, especially for pT2N0 patients, compared to the surgery alone group, although no significant differences were observed. @*Conclusion@#In pT1bN0 and pT2N0 patients, age was found to be an independent prognostic factor. However, adjuvant chemotherapy seemed to be unnecessary, while postoperative chemotherapy might offer survival benefits to pT2N0 patients with more than two risk factors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 12-17, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 68Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen( 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT)in the diagnosis of prostate cancer(PCa) and determination of the strategy on neurovascular bundle(NVB)preservation and lymphadenectomy before surgery. Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 46 patients with newly diagnosed PCa who underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT from June 2018 to October 2019. The median age was 66.50 (60.00, 69.25) years old and the median PSA was 15.97(8.58, 33.10)ng/ml. Forty-one patients were diagnosed PCa and 5 were diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostatitis by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, 6 were diagnosed with lymph nodes metastasis. Forty patients underwent mpMRI, 33 were diagnosed PCa, and 6 were diagnosed with lymph nodes metastasis. Seventeen patients underwent 11C-choline PET/CT, 12 were diagnosed PCa, and 4 were diagnosed with lymph nodes metastasis. Among the 41 patients which were diagnosed PCa by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, 26 were confirmed with PCa by needling biopsy, 12 did not undergo the needling biopsy and 3 had negative biopsy; 22 were in the high-risk group, and 19 were in the low- and medium-risk group. All 41 patients underwent radical prostatectomy. The strategy of NVB preservation was determined by the position of the PCa reported by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. If the tumor was close to the unilateral prostate capsule, the healthy part of the NVB would be preserved. And if the tumor was limited in the prostate gland, bilateral NVB would be preserved. The NVB was preserved in 16 cases(6 cases unilateral and 10 cases bilateral). In addition to routine lymph node dissection for patients in the high-risk group, lymph node dissection was also performed on patients with 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT that showed positive lymph nodes in the low- and medium-risk groups. The paired chi-square or Fisher exact test was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, mpMRI, and 11C-choline PET/CT for lesion detection. Spearman analysis was used to examine the correlation between the SUV max, Gleason score, and the PSA value before treatment. Results:Forty-one patients undergoing radical resection were diagnosed PCa by postoperative pathology, and no cancer tissue was observed at the surgical margin; the median Gleason score was 8(7, 9); 20 cases (48.8%) had a pathological stage ≤pT 2c; 21 cases (51.2%)≥pT 3; 7 cases were N+ (11 positive lymph nodes). Seven cases (17.1%) had complications of Clavien-Dindo ≤ grade 2 within 30 days after surgery, and there was no complication above grade 3 after surgery. The median follow-up time of the 41 patients was 16(12, 20). The rate of urinary control was 46.3%, 95.1%, and 100% after 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months follow-up respectively. Among the five patients that did not undergo surgery, the PSA value of 4 decreased after antibiotic treatment, and biopsy was performed in 1 case without PSA decreasing, and no carcinoma was found. The sensitivity of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT on the primary PCa was 100%(41/41), which was significantly better than that of 11C-choline(80%, 12/15, P=0.016)and mpMRI (83.7%, 31/37, P=0.009), while no statistical significance was observed between the specificity of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT (5/5)and 11C-choline PET/CT(2/2, P=1.000), 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI(1/3, P=0.107). Of the 41 patients that were diagnosed with PCa, the sensitivity of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to lymph nodes metastases(71.4%, 5/7) had a significant difference with that of mpMRI(16.7, 1/6, P=0.016), but no statistical difference with 11C-choline (75%, 3/4, P=1.000). Analysis of the relationship between SUV max of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, Gleason score, and PSA value before treatment revealed that the SUV max of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in patients with Gleason score ≥8 and <8 score were 19.60(9.58, 24.38) and 8.55 (5.18, 12.88); SUV max of patients with PSA values ≥20 ng/ml and <20 ng/ml before treatment were 19.40 (13.00, 23.50) and 8.40 (5.35, 13.95), respectively, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:68Ga-PSMA PET/CT had high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of primary prostate cancer lesions, but the sensitivity for the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis was not enough to guide the preoperative decision of whether to remove the lymph node and the scope of the removal. However, the treatment strategy of whether to retain NVB could be formulated according to the tumor location displayed by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT before surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 87-91, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of etiology and complications of rhabdomyolysis with its prognosis in the elderly.Methods:Patients with rhabdomyolysis at the emergency department of our hospital from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Based on age, patients were divided into the non-elderly group(<65 years old)and the elderly group(≥65 years old). The frequency distribution of etiological factors, concurrent acute kidney injury, and their association with prognosis were analyzed.Results:The number of patients with rhabdomyolysis caused by 2 or more etiologies was higher in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group(40.3% or 48/119 vs.17.0% or 16/94, χ2=13.582, P=0.000). The frequency distribution of etiological factors was different between the two groups.The top-five etiologies were infection, muscle ischemia/hypoxia, endocrine metabolic abnormalities, trauma and muscle fatigue in the elderly group and muscle fatigue, infection, endocrine metabolic abnormalities, drugs/toxicants and trauma in the non-elderly group.Compared with the non-elderly group, the elderly group had fewer patients with typical clinical manifestations(32.8% or 39/119 vs.48.9% or 46/94, χ2=5.067, P=0.024). In contrast, patients who newly presented with disturbance of consciousness were more likely to be found in the elderly group than in the non-elderly group(40.3% or 48/119 vs.21.3% or 20/94)( χ2=7.923, P=0.005). There were 37 patients with AKI(38.9% or 37/95)in the elderly group and 13 of them died(35.1%), and there were 17 patients with AKI in the non-elderly group(19.3% or 17/88)and 4 died(23.5%), indicating the elderly were prone to AKI( χ2=7.545, P=0.006). There was a significant correlation between AKI and prognosis in the non-elderly group( χ2=7.196, P=0.007). Conclusions:Rhabdomyolysis caused by multiple etiologies is more common in elderly patients than in non-elderly patients.The etiological classification of rhabdomyolysis in the elderly is different from that in the non-elderly.Elderly patients are less likely to have typical clinical manifestations and are more prone to AKI.Elderly patients with rhabdomyolysis combined with AKI have a poor prognosis.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 258-262, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of plasma prothrombin fragment 1+ 2 (F 1+2), tissue factor positive microparticle (TF+ MP) and thrombin antithrombin complex (TAT) level before and after the treatment of low molecular weight heparin combined with reteplase in patients with malignant tumor and lower extremity venous thrombosis. Methods:From July 2016 to October 2019, 64 patients with malignant tumors and lower extremity venous thrombosis in the Third Hospital of Changsha were selected, they were divided into observation group ( n=32) and control group ( n=32) by simple randomization. The control group was treated with low molecular heparin, and the observation group was treated with low molecular heparin combined with reteplase. The efficacy, clinical symptom improvement time, incidence of adverse reactions, difference in lower limb circumference, blood flow velocity, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP, TAT level before and after treatment were compared between the two groups; the correlations of plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP, and TAT level with clinical symptom improvement time, peripheral diameter difference of lower extremity, blood flow velocity, APTT, and PT were analyzed. Results:The total effective rate of the observation group (87.50%) was higher than that of the control group (65.63%) ( P<0.05); The improvement time of clinical symptoms in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group ( P<0.05); After treatment, the peripheral limb diameter difference of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, and the blood flow velocity was higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05); The APTT and PT in the observation group were higher than those in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05); The plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP, and TAT level in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05); The levels of plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP, and TAT were positively correlated with symptom improvement time and lower limb circumference difference, and negatively correlated with blood flow velocity, APTT, and PT ( P<0.05); There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions (18.75%) between the observation group and the control group (12.50%) during the treatment period ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP, and TAT expression in patients with malignant tumors and venous thrombosis of the lower extremity can be used as biological indicators to evaluate the patient's condition and treatment effect. Low molecular weight heparin combined with reteplase can significantly reduce the plasma F 1+2, TF+ MP and TAT level, promote the improvement of symptoms, effectively reduce the peripheral diameter difference of lower extremity, improve blood flow velocity and coagulation function, and has a significant effect.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the clinical prognosis and causes of death in children with extracorporeal membrane pulmonary(ECMO) assistance after congenital heart disease(CHD) operation in our center, so as to improve the survival rate of ECMO.Methods:All clinical data of 105 children with VA-ECMO assisted after CHD operation who were admitted to the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Shanghai Children′s Medical Center from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected, and the clinical characteristics and causes of death were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The age of 105 children with ECMO was 110(38, 341)days, the weight was 5.30(3.75, 8.45)kg, and the risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery score was 3(2-3)points.There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, weight, height, risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery score, the number of ECMO installed in the operating room, the number of ECMO installed after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ECMO duration between the surviving group ( n=51) and the death group ( n=54)( P>0.05). While there was a significant difference in utilization of continuous renal replacement therapy[7.8% (4/51) vs.38.9% (21/54), P<0.001]. The death mainly occurred within one week after evacuating ECMO(83.3%, 45/54). ECMO installation was most in children aged 1 month to 1 year old(52.4%, 55/105), and the survival rate showed a rise over three years(2017 to 2019), increased from 31.6% (6/19) to 65.0% (13/20). Children with 3 to 5 kg were the most affected (39.0%, 41/105) when ECMO was installed, and the survival rate from 2017 to 2019 increased from 28.6%(4/14) to 75.0%(9/12). The main cause of death was heart failure(48.1%, 26/54), followed by bleeding(18.5%, 10/54)and pulmonary hypertension(13.0%, 7/54). Conclusion:With the progress of surgical technology and cardiopulmonary bypass, and the improvement of postoperative management, the mortality of children with CHD in our hospital after ECMO has decreased year by year during the last three years.However, the mortality of children requiring continuous renal replacement therapy assistance during ECMO is higher.Therefore, it is still necessary to strengthen the maintenance of each organ function during ECMO.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882531

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow microenvironment (BMM) is the environment on which leukemia cells depend. It contains stem cells, bone marrow stromal cells, and abundant cytokines, which can regulate the differentiation and proliferation of leukemia cells. The regulation of BMM on the differentiation of leukemia cells is a complex process that can act on different targets and signaling pathways. It mainly includes hypoxia-inducible factor, integrins, Notch, and Wnt/β-catenin signal pathways. The study of relationship between BMM and leukemia cell differentiation can help to find pathways and targets that induce leukemia differentiation which will find new directions for the treatment of leukemia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 231-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the protec tive effects of scoparone on acute liver injury induced by CCl 4 in mice and its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS :Fifty male Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal control group ,model group,silymarin group (positive control ,120 mg/kg),scoparone high-dose and low-dose groups (60,30 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically. Normal control group and model group were given constant volume of 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution ,once a day ,for 7 days. Two hours after last medication , except normal control group was intraperitoneally injected constant volume of olive oil ,other groups were intraperitoneally injected 0.1% CCl4 olive oil solution (10 mL/kg)at one time to establish the acute liver injury model. The pathological changes of liver tissues in mice were observed by HE staining ;the activity of AST ,ALT,SOD and CAT and the contents of IL- 1β,IL-6,TNF-α and MDA in serum were measured by ELISA ;the phosphorylation of nuclear factor κB(NF-κB)pathway related proteins (NF-κB p65,IκBα)in liver tissue were detected by Western blotting assay. RESULTS :Compared with normal control group ,serum activities of AST and ALT ,the contents of MDA ,IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased in model group,the activities of SOD and CAT were decreased significantly (P<0.05);obvious pathological changes were observed in liver tissues ; phosphorylation levels of NF-κB p65 and IκBα protein in liver tissues were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group ,the activities or contens of related factors in serum of mice were significantly reversed in silymarin group and scoparone high-dose and low-dose groups (P<0.05);the pathological changes of liver tissues were significantly reduced ;the phosphorylation levels of NF-κB p65 and IκBα protein in liver tissues were significantly reduced(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS : Scoparone has a protective effect on CCl 4-induced acute liver injury in mice ,which is related to reducing oxidative stress levels and blocking the activation of NF-κB pathway,thereby inhibiting inflammatory response.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1324-1333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878634

ABSTRACT

Photoperiod plays an important role in transformation from vegetative growth to reproductive growth in plants. CONSTANS (CO), as a unique gene in the photoperiod pathway, responds to changes of day length to initiate flowering in the plant. In this study, the expression level of FaCONSTANS (FaCO) gene under long-day, short-day, continuous light and continuous darkness conditions was analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR. We constructed the over-expression vector p1300-FaCO and infected into Arabidopsis thaliana by Agrobacterium-mediated method. We constructed the silencing vector p1300-FaCO-RNAi and infected into Festuca arundinacea by Agrobacterium-mediated method. The expression of FaCO gene was regulated by photoperiod. The over-expression of FaCO promoted flowering in wild type of Arabidopsis thaliana under long day condition and rescued the late flowering phenotype in co-2 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana. Silencing FaCO gene in Festuca arundinacea by RNAi showed late-flowering phenotype or always kept in the vegetative growth stage. Our understanding the function of FaCO in flowering regulation will help further understand biological function of this gene in Festuca arundinacea.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics , Festuca/metabolism , Flowers/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Photoperiod
10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 616-622, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879698

ABSTRACT

Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) family protein MAGUK invert 2 (MAGI-2) has been demonstrated to be involved in the tumorigenic mechanism of prostate cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of MAGI-2 at mRNA and protein levels. The prognostic value of MAGI-2 in Han Chinese patients with prostate cancer was also investigated. The expression data of MAGI-2 were assessed through database retrieval, analysis of sequencing data from our group, and tissue immunohistochemistry using digital scoring system (H-score). The clinical, pathological, and follow-up data were collected. The expression of MAGI-2 in prostate tumor tissues and prostate normal tissues was evaluated and compared. MAGI-2 expression was associated with clinical parameters including tumor stage, lymph node status, Gleason score, PSA level, and biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer. The relative expression of MAGI-2 mRNA was lower in the tumor tissue in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and sequencing data (P < 0.001). There was no difference in MAGI-2 protein expression between tumor and normal tissues in tissue microarray (TMA) results. MAGI-2 expression was associated with pathological tumor stage (P = 0.02), Gleason score (P = 0.05), and preoperation prostate-specific antigen (PSA; P = 0.04). A positive correlation was identified between MAGI-2 and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expressions through the analysis of TCGA and TMA data (P < 0.0001). Patients with higher MAGI-2 expression had longer biochemical recurrence-free survival in the univariate analysis (P = 0.005), which indicates an optimal prognostic value of MAGI-2 in Han Chinese patients with prostate cancer. In conclusion, MAGI-2 expression gradually decreases with tumor progression, and can be used as a predictor of tumor recurrence in Chinese patients.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 371-381, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827051

ABSTRACT

Caloric restriction (CR) is explored to limit the caloric intake without malnutrition. CR can affect the levels of various metabolites in organism, such as lipids, free fatty acids, ketones, bile acids and amino acids, etc, and is thought being able to extend the lifespan, postpone and reduce the incidence of age-related disorders (e.g., type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases). These effects are mainly attributed to the role of CR in energy metabolism. The mechanism of CR on energy metabolism is closely related to biological clock, hormonal production, gastrointestinal flora and inflammation. Here we briefly review the effects and mechanism of CR on energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Caloric Restriction , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Longevity
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) on Nav1.3 sodium channels and the function of sodium current in neuropathic pain.Methods:Eighteen adult rats had a spared nerve injury (SNI) induced and then were randomly divided into a saline group and a BoNT/A group, each of 9. Another 9 rats formed a fake operation group, Five days after the SNI, BoNT/A (7U/kg or 15U/kg) or saline was subcutaneously administered into the plantar surface of a hindpaw. On the 3rd, 7th and 14th day after the injection, the SNI rats′ paw withdrawal threshold was measured. On the 7th and 14th day the expression of Nav1.3 protein in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons was examined using western blotting, while any change in the functional tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) current was recorded using the patch clamp technique.Results:Administration of BoNT/A at either 7U/kg or 15U/kg significantly increased the SNI-induced mechanical allodynia. The expression of Nav1.3 protein in DRG neurons increased significantly after the SNI, but had decreased significantly by the 7th and 14th day after the administration of BoNT/A. BoNT/A significantly decreased the current density in TTX-S sodium channels in DRG neurons following SNI.Conclusion:Administration of BoTN/A affects the expression of Nav1.3 protein and functional TTX-S current, relieving neuropathic pain.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Lee Silverman voice therapy (LSVT) on the speech and life quality of Chinese persons with Parkinson′s disease (PD).Methods:A total of 16 Chinese PD patients were enrolled and given standard LSVT for 4 weeks. Their acoustic data were analyzed using PRAAT software before and after the treatment. Their voice quality was evaluated using the Japanese GRBAS voice scale and their quality of life was quantified using the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) scale.Results:After 4 weeks of LSVT the patients′ average voice and life quality had improved significantly. The average maximum duration of sustained vowel phonation had increased significantly, as had the vowels′ mean loudness, reading and monologue delivery. The GRBAS grading indicated that hoarseness had decreased significantly. The average total voice handicap index had also decreased significantly.Conclusion:Lee Silverman therapy can significantly improve maximum phonation time and loudness of Chinese-speakers, which enhances sensory feedback. The quality of their speech and of their life also improve significantly. This technique is recommended for clinical application.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of birth weight discordance in dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twins.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed 1 757 cases of DCDA twin pregnancies from 11 Chinese hospitals from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017. Birth weight discordance was defined as ≥ 20% difference between the twins. All cases were divided into two groups: the concordant group ( n=1 520) and discordant group ( n=237). General information was compared and the high-risk factors of birth weight discordance were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression analysis were used as statistical methods. Results:Compared with the concordant group, the discordant group showed a higher incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy [24.5% (58/237) vs 12.8% (194/1 520), χ2=22.882, P<0.05], fetal structural malformations [4.2% (10/237) vs 1.0% (15/1 520), χ2=15.160, P<0.05], fetal distress [6.3% (15/237) vs 1.4% (21/1 520), χ2=22.602, P<0.05], umbilical cord abnormalities [3.8% (9/237) vs 1.2% (18/1 520), χ2=7.607, P<0.05] and abnormal placental cord insertion [3.8% (9/237) vs 1.4% (21/1 520), χ2=34.904, P<0.05], but lower incidence of premature rupture of membranes [11.0% (26/237) vs 16.5% (250/1 520), χ2=4.645, P=0.034]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors of birth weight discordance in DCDA twins were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy ( OR=2.258, 95% CI: 1.620-3.184, P<0.001), fetal structural malformations ( OR=4.268, 95% CI: 1.892-9.631, P<0.001), umbilical cord abnormalities ( OR=2.889, 95% CI: 1.245-6.705, P=0.014) and abnormal placental cord insertion ( OR=2.318, 95% CI: 1.012-5.311, P=0.047). Conclusions:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, fetal structural malformations, umbilical cord abnormalities and abnormal placental cord insertion may be the risk factors of birth weight discordance in DCDA twins.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in pregnancy.Methods:This study involved six pregnant patients with PHPT who were admitted to Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from August 2014 to November 2019. Their clinical manifestations, treatment strategies (multidisciplinary consultation with departments including Obstetrics, Endocrinology, Neonatology, General Surgery, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit), maternal complications and maternal and infant outcomes were described and retrospectively analyzed.Results:(1) The median age of the six patients was 34(23-38) years old. PHPT was diagnosed in one case before pregnancy, four in the second or third trimester and one after delivery. The main clinical manifestations of four cases were nausea, vomiting, anorexia and other non-specific symptoms. Anemia was the most common maternal complication (five cases). Other complications included hypercalcemia crisis with renal failure (one case), multiple bone destruction and osteoporosis (one case). The median levels of serum calcium, parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were 3.08 (2.84-4.21) mmol/L, 216.7(93.1-2 603.6) ng/L and 29.66 (13.50-90.24) nmol/L, respectively. Results of parathyroid ultrasonography showed all patients had hypoechoic focus. Four cases underwent routine parathyroid radionuclide imaging showing abnormal radioactive concentration areas. (2) Obstetricians initiated the multidisciplinary team (MDT) for all patients to determine the treatment plans after communication with the patients and their families. One case received surgical treatment five months after delivery. Three cases received surgical treatment in the second trimester and among them, one terminated the pregnancy in the second trimester and the other two continued and achieved good pregnancy outcomes. Two cases underwent surgical treatment after giving up pregnancy and induced abortion. Postoperative pathology revealed that five cases were isolated parathyroid adenoma and one was parathyroid carcinoma. All of the patients were followed up and no abnormal serum calcium was reported. (3) One newborn had hypocalcemic convulsions one month after birth and was recovered by intravenous calcium supplementation. The newborn was followed up and the serum calcium level was normal so far. The other two neonates had normal serum calcium during follow-ups, but one of them was diagnosed with autism at the age of four and is now undergoing rehabilitation treatment.Conclusions:Pregnancy complicated by PHPT may lead to serious maternal and infant complications. MDT consultation ensures timely diagnosis, comprehensive treatment for the patients and better pregnancy outcomes.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 72-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869599

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are membranous vesicles secreted by a variety of cells,including tumor cells,with stable characters,which can reflect the physiological/pathological state of the source cells,indicating good sources of biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of tumors.Urine exosomes are directly derived from the urinary system and play a more direct role in the diagnosis and prognosis of urinary system tumors.This paper reviews the recent advances in urinary exosomes as molecular markers for the early diagnosis of genitourinary tumors.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1623-1630, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of motion pain induction test for early knee osteoarthritis.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted and the data came from The Project of Health Management of Knee osteoarthritis in Community in Hangzhou in 2018, and a total number of 1 816 people were included which were divided into normal group ( n=530), early group ( n=534) and middle-late group ( n=752) by not sick, sick while Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) ≤Ⅱ and sick while KL>Ⅱ starting, squatting, walking up and down stairs and doing housework were included in the test, and the statistical indicators included age, gender and pain scores (visual analogue scale, VAS). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were mapped after the correlation analysis to obtain the cut-off points and compare their values of area under the curve (AUC). The confounders which included age and gender were corrected by propensity score matching (PSM) and the balance test is consistent with P>0.05 after the PSM. The Kappa analysis was used to verify the consistency of two diagnostic methods. Results:The age of normal, early and medial-late groupwas 67.39±7.43, 67.41±9.52, 71.55±9.87. And the gender distribution of three groups was (238 male, 292 female), (209 male, 325 female), (357 male, 395 female). There was no heterogeneitybetween the normal group and early group in distribution ( P>0.05) while there was heterogeneity between the early and medial-late group ( t=-0.034, P<0.05; χ2=8.80, P<0.05). The VAS scoresof starting pain in three groups was 0.16±0.37,2.70±1.69, 3.68±2.10. The VAS scoresof squatting pain was 0.42±0.49, 2.88±1.44, 4.01±2.08. The VAS scoresof up and down stair pain was 0.47±0.50, 2.87±1.38, 3.82±1.98. The VAS scoresof housework pain was 0.14±0.35, 2.15±1.40, 3.45±2.09. The VAS scoresofmaximum pain was 0.51±0.50, 3.59±1.48, 4.68±2.01. And there was significant difference between normal and early groupin all kinds of pain ( t=-33.81; t=-37.25; t=-37.66; t=-32.07; t=-45.41; P<0.05). The difference between early and medial-late group in all type of pain was significant ( t=-8.93; t=-10.84; t=-9.56; t=-12.52; t=-10.64; P<0.05). The results were similar after adjusting for confounders except for the pain of starting ( P>0.05). The results of ROC curve between normal and early group showed the maximum pain's AUC point was 0.98 and larger than others, and its cut-off point was 1. After adjusted, the results of ROC curve between early and medial-late group showed the maximum pain's AUC point was 0.72 which was larger than others and cut-off point was 4. For the AUC of ROC curve between early and medial-late groupwas lower, Kappa-test was used, and the Kappa point of two diagnostic methods was 0.41 ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The maximum of pain score in pain dimension>1 and ≤ 4 could be preliminarily diagnosed as early KOA. It had high value in separating early KOA from normal people and approximately similar to X-ray, and the value of identifying early and mid-late KOAwas moderateas well as the moderate consistency with KL stage. Comprehensive judgment of imaging examination should be improved when conditions are available.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1493-1502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869098

ABSTRACT

Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF) are clinically common heterotopic ossification diseases, which are the main causes of cervical and thoracic spinal stenosis and spinal cord injury. In some cases, OPLL and OLF may involve multiple spinal sites, individually or concurrently, increasing the difficulty of clinical diagnosis and treatment. This review initially attempts to define this specific ossification phenomenon as Tandem ossification of intraspinal ligaments (TOIL). It refers to a kind of severe spinal ligament ossification diseases caused by multiple factors, that OPLL and OLF occur alone or in combination at two or more sites of the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar spine with five or more ossified segments, progressively compressing the spinal cord or nerves, thereby resulting in a series of complex clinical symptoms. The prevalence of TOIL remains unknown, but its clinical detection rate is relatively high, and the most common TOIL is cervical OPLL combined with thoracic OPLL or/and OLF. Moreover, occurrence and development of TOIL involve many factors and its definitepathogenesis is not clear. Damage of upper and lower motor neurons can occur simultaneously in TOIL patients so that their clinical symptoms and signs often interfere with each other. TOIL has various forms, complex imaging features, and no uniform diagnostic and localization diagnostic criteria, which may easily lead to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. It is recommended that TOIL is identified by the typical symptoms and signs as the basis, CT three-dimensional reconstruction and MRI signs as the reference, and combination of the possible risk factors and clinical experience. Currently, surgical decompression for responsible lesions is the only effective treatment for symptomatic TOIL. However, domestic and foreign scholars still have great arguments on the optimal surgical strategy of TOIL. No consensus has been reached on how to determine the operating segment and the extent of decompression, which surgical approach and technique to be adopted, and when to select staged or one-stage combined surgery. Therefore, this review summarizes and discusses the current status and progress of the clinical characteristics and surgical strategies of TOIL through searching the relevant literature, to provide a reference for clinicians to diagnose and treat TOIL.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1337-1347, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure and compare the length and angle parameters of the screw paths of paravertebral foramen screws (PVFS), pedicle screws (PS) and lateral mass screws (LMS) of subaxial cervical spine.Methods:This study included the cervical computerized tomography (CT) scans of 50 healthy volunteers (25 males and 25 females) in our hospitalfrom January 2018 to June 2018. The average age of the volunteers was 56.00±15.90 years (range, 29-89 years). After three-dimensional reconstruction of CT data, the screw starting points, length of screw paths,optimal medial angles, maximum medial angles and minimum medial angles of PVFS, PS and LMS (Magerl technique) on C 3-C 7 segments were designed and measured on the reconstructed 3D model, and the pedicle widths at various segments of cervical vertebrae were measured. All parameters were measured twice in an interval of two weeks by one orthopaedic surgeons with experience in spine surgery, and the average values of the two measurements were used. Results:In general, the optimum length and medial angle of the PVFS in Chinese population were 10.65 mm and 21.12° at C 3; 10.12 mm, 22.62° at C 4; 9.82 mm, 23.66° at C 5; 9.19 mm, 24.13° at C 6; and 9.10 mm, 27.54° at C 7. The C 3 segment had the longest general optimal length, and the C 7 segment had the shortest general optimal length of PVFS ( F=19.287, P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in optimal length of PVFS between C 6 and C 7 vertebrae ( P=0.674). The C 7 vertebra had the largest general medial angle, meanwhile the C 3 vertebra had the smallest general medial angle ( F=19.752, P<0.001). The optimum lengths of screw path of PVFS in males at the segments of C 4, C 6 and C 7 vertebrae were longer than those in females (C 4t=2.912, C 6t=3.884, C 7t=5.468, P<0.05), and the optimal medial angle at C 4, C 6 and C 7 segments were smaller than those in females (C 4t=3.560, C 6t=4.370, C 7t=4.738, P<0.05). The optimum length and medial angle of PS in Chinese population were 30.94 mm, 33.92° at C 3; 30.50 mm, 34.95° at C 4; 31.92 mm, 33.42° at C 5; 30.50 mm, 31.94° at C 6; and 29.87 mm, 31.01° at C 7. The general pedicle widths were 5.35 mm at C 3; 5.56 mm at C 4; 5.99 mm at C 5; 6.34 mm at C 6; and 6.86 mm at C 7. The optimum lengths of LMS paths in Chinese population were C 3, 14.84 mm; C 4, 15.33 mm; C 5, 15.44 mm; C 6, 14.74 mm; and C 7, 14.06 mm. In Chinese population, the optimal length of PVFS was 9.10-10.65 mm, and the optimal medial angle was 21.12°-27.54°. The general optimal length of PVFS path were shorter than those of LMS and PS at C 3-C 7 segments ( P<0.05), and the general optimal medial angles were smaller than those of PS at C 3-C 7 segments ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Because of the length of screw path of PVFS is limited, it does not have the risk of direct vertebral artery injury. The insert angle of PVFS is steeper and safer than that of PS. In summary, cervical PVFS can be used as an effective supplement to PS and LMS.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 236-243, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and compare the biomechanical strength of paravertebral foramen screws (PVFS), lateral mass screws (LMS) and pedicle screws (PS).Methods:A total of 30 human cervical spine vertebrae (C 3-C 6) were harvested from 8 fresh-frozen cadaver specimens whose mean age was 45.3±11.2 years at death. The vertebrae were randomly divided into three groups for specific screws. For each vertebra, one side was randomly chosen for direct pullout strength test (speed 5 mm/s), and the other side for fatigue test (displacement ±1.0 mm, frequency 1 Hz, 500 cycles) and residual pullout strength test. 4.5 mm × 12 mm screws were used for PVFS, 3.5 mm × 14 mm screws for LMS, and 3.5 mm × 24 mm screws for PS. Results:The direct pullout strength was 327.10±17.07 N for PVFS, 305.71 ± 11.63 N for LMS, and 635.67 ± 22.82 N for PS. The residual pullout strength was 265.62 ±18.19 N for PVFS, 192.80 ±17.10 N for LMS, and 494.89 ±41.79 N for PS. The residual pullout strength of PVFS, LMS and PS respectively, compared with the direct pullout strength, decreased by 18.8%, 36.93% and 22.15% ( tPVFS=7.795 , tLMS=17.267 , tPS=9.349 , P<0.001). The direct pullout strength of PS was higher than that of PVFS and LMS( t=34.245, t=40.741, P< 0.001), as well as PVFS was slightly higher than LMS ( t=3.275, P=0.004). The residual pullout strength of PS was the highest, PVFS was the second, and LMS was the smallest ( F=314.619, P<0.001). For the fatigue test, the load at the first cycle and the first time when the set position was reached of PVFS were higher than those of LMS ( t=3.625, P=0.002; t=5.388, P<0.001) and PS ( t=2.575, P=0.019; t=2.680, P=0.015), but there was no difference between those of LMS and PS ( t=0.609 , P=0.550; t=1.953 , P=0.067). The load at the last cycle of PVFS and PS was higher than that of LMS ( t=5.341 , P<0.001 ; t=3.439 , P=0.003), while there was no difference between PVFS and PS ( t=1.606, P=0.126). Conclusion:The direct pullout strength of PVFS was slightly higher than that of LMS, and the residual pullout strength was significantly higher than LMS. The property of fatigue resistance of PVFS was similar to PS and obviously better than LMS. In summary, PVFS can be used as an effective substitute for LMS and PS.

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