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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 71-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971152

ABSTRACT

On May 13, 2020, a 56-year-old man with extensive burns caused by flames and heavy metal-containing hydrothermal fluids was admitted to the General Hospital of Western Theater Command. After being admitted to the hospital, most of the burn wounds healed after treatments such as debridement, expansion, skin grafting, anti-shock, anti-infection, fluid replacement, and wound dressing change, etc. However, in the middle and late stages of treatment, the patient's burn wounds gradually showed repeated skin ulceration and inflammation. After excluding the cause of physical, bacterial infection and others, IgG4-related skin diseases was finally diagnosed by histopathological examination of tissue biopsy and concentration measurement of IgG4 in interstitial fluid, and the condition was improved after hormone treatment. This suggests that extensive burns may lead to the occurrence of autoimmune skin diseases. For the diagnosis of such diseases, it is necessary to combine clinical manifestations, serological examinations, and histopathological biopsy, etc. to avoid diagnostic pitfalls and draw correct conclusions.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Burns/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Skin Ulcer , Metals, Heavy
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 60-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the factors influencing the short-term (28 days) efficacy of initial adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy for infantile epileptic spasms syndrome (IESS), as well as the factors influencing recurrence and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected from the children with IESS who received ACTH therapy for the first time in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from April 2008 to January 2018 and were followed up for ≥2 years. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the factors influencing the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, recurrence, and long-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#ACTH therapy achieved a control rate of seizures of 55.5% (111/200) on day 28 of treatment. Of the 111 children, 75 (67.6%) had no recurrence of seizures within 12 months of follow-up. The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without focal seizures was 2.463 times that in those with focal seizures (P<0.05). The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography on day 14 of ACTH therapy was 2.415 times that in those with hypsarrhythmia (P<0.05). The possibility of recurrence within 12 months after treatment was increased by 11.8% for every 1-month increase in the course of the disease (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children without seizure control after 28 days of ACTH therapy was 8.314 times that in those with seizure control (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children with structural etiology was 14.448 times that in those with unknown etiology (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Presence or absence of focal seizures and whether hypsarrhythmia disappears after 14 days of treatment can be used as predictors for the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, while the course of disease before treatment can be used as the predictor for recurrence after seizure control by ACTH therapy. The prognosis of IESS children is associated with etiology, and early control of seizures after ACTH therapy can improve long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/therapeutic use , Spasms, Infantile/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Seizures , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Spasm/drug therapy
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 442-454, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982384

ABSTRACT

CUDC-101, an effective and multi-target inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), histone deacetylase (HDAC), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), has been reported to inhibit many kinds of cancers, such as acute promyelocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, no studies have yet investigated whether CUDC-101 is effective against myeloma. Herein, we proved that CUDC-101 effectively inhibits the proliferation of multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and induces cell apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, CUDC-101 markedly blocked the signaling pathway of EGFR/phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and HDAC, and regulated the cell cycle G2/M arrest. Moreover, we revealed through in vivo experiment that CUDC-101 is a potent anti-myeloma drug. Bortezomib is one of the important drugs in MM treatment, and we investigated whether CUDC-101 has a synergistic or additive effect with bortezomib. The results showed that this drug combination had a synergistic anti-myeloma effect by inducing G2/M phase blockade. Collectively, our findings revealed that CUDC-101 could act on its own or in conjunction with bortezomib, which provides insights into exploring new strategies for MM treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , ErbB Receptors/antagonists & inhibitors , G2 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , M Cells , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 490-499, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether meranzin hydrate (MH) can alleviate depression-like behavior and hypomotility similar to Chaihu Shugan Powder (CSP), and further explore the potential common mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Totally 120 Spraque-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5-8 groups including sham, vehicle, fluoxetine (20 mg/kg), mosapride (10 mg/kg), CSP (30 g/kg), MH (9.18 mg/kg), [D-Lys3]-GHRP-6 (Dlys, 0.5 mg/kg), and MH+Dlys groups by a random number table, 8 rats in each group. And 32 mice were randomly divided into wild-type, MH (18 mg/kg), growth hormone secretagogue receptor-knockout (GHSR-KO), and GHSR+MH groups, 8 mice in each group. The forced swimming test (FST), open field test (OFT), tail suspension test (TST), gastric emptying (GE) test, and intestinal transit (IT) test were used to assess antidepressant and prokinetic (AP) effects after drug single administration for 30 min with absorbable identification in rats and mice, respectively. The protein expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) in the hippocampus of rats were evaluated by Western blot. The differences in functional brain changes were determined via 7.0 T functional magnetic resonance imaging-blood oxygen level-dependent (fMRI-BOLD).@*RESULTS@#MH treatment improved depression-like behavior (FST, OFT) and hypomotility (GE, IT) in the acute forced swimming (FS) rats (all P<0.05), and the effects are similar to the parent formula CSP. The ghrelin antagonist [D-Lys3]-GHRP-6 inhibited the effect of MH on FST and GE (P<0.05). Similarly, MH treatment also alleviated depression-like behavior (FST, TST) in the wild-type mice, however, no effects were found in the GHSR KO mice. Additionally, administration of MH significantly stimulated BDNF and p-mTOR protein expressions in the hippocampus (both P<0.01), which were also prevented by [D-Lys3]-GHRP-6 (P<0.01). Besides, 3 main BOLD foci following acute FS rats implicated activity in hippocampus-thalamus-basal ganglia (HTB) circuits. The [D-Lys3]-GHRP-6 synchronously inhibited BOLD HTB foci. As expected, prokinetic mosapride only had effects on the thalamus and basal ganglia, but not on the hippocampus. Within the HTB, the hippocampus is implicated in depression and FD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MH accounts for part of AP effects of parent formula CSP in acute FS rats, mainly via ghrelin-related shared regulation coupled to BOLD signals in brain areas. This novel functionally connection of HTB following acute stress, treatment, and regulation highlights anti-depression unified theory.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Ghrelin/metabolism , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Hippocampus , Stress, Psychological , Mammals/metabolism
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 396-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of one patient with primary adrenal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (PANKTCL), and to strengthen the understanding of this rare type of lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment process, and prognosis of the patient admitted in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Combined with pathology, imaging, bone marrow examination, etc, the patient was diagnosed with PANKTCL (CA stage, stage II; PINK-E score 3, high-risk group). Six cycles of "P-GemOx+VP-16" regimen(gemcitabine 1 g/m2 d1 + oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 d 1 + etoposide 60 mg/m2 d 2-4 + polyethylene glycol conjugated asparaginase 3 750 IU d 5) was performed, and complete response was assessed in 4 cycles. Maintenance therapy with sintilimab was administered after the completion of chemotherapy. Eight months after the complete response, the patient experienced disease recurrence and underwent a total of four courses of chemotherapy, during which hemophagocytic syndrome occurred. The patient died of disease progression 1 month later.@*CONCLUSION@#PANKTCL is rare, relapses easily, and has a worse prognosis. The choice of the "P-GemOx+VP-16" regimen combined with sintilimab help to improve the survival prognosis of patient with non-upper aerodigestive tract natural killer /T-cell lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Etoposide , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Asparaginase , Deoxycytidine , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/therapy , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 423-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965715

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from Onychium japonicum by macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by NMR, MS and other spectroscopic methods as onychone A (1), quercetin (2), quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (3), kaempferol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (5), (-)-prunin (6), and norathyriol (7). Compound 1 is a novel macrocyclic flavonoid, and all the others are reported from this plant for the first time. In vitro cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-7 were evaluated by MTS testing with five cancer cell lines. Compound 7 exhibited weak cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines A549, SMMC-7721, and SW480.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1398-1403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978797

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and the severity of hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP) and the value of AIP combined with Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) score in the early prediction of severe HTG-AP (sHTG-AP). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 170 patients with HTG-AP who were hospitalized in The General Hospital of Central Theater Command from January 2017 to December 2021, and according to related guidelines, they were divided into the sHTG-AP group with 28 patients and non-sHTG-AP group with 142 patients. Peripheral blood samples were collected from all patients within 24 hours after admission, and the two groups were compared in terms of sex, age, laboratory test results, AIP, BISAP score, and modified CT severity index (MCTSI) score. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups. The Spearman rank correlation test was used to investigate the correlation between each factor and the severity of HTG-AP, and the binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the independent risk factors for sHTG-AP. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to assess the predictive efficacy of each indicator. Results There were significant differences between the two groups in the medical history of diabetes, lymphocyte count, albumin, Ca 2+ , triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, AIP, BISAP score, MCTSI score, length of hospital stay, and hospital costs (all P < 0.05). The sHTG-AP group had a longer length of hospital stay, higher hospital costs, and a higher AIP value. AIP (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.244, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.062-1.458, P =0.007), BISAP score ( OR =5.525, 95% CI : 1.646-18.543, P =0.006), and MCTSI score ( OR =2.029, 95% CI : 1.245-3.305, P =0.004) were risk factors for sHTG-AP. AIP, BISAP score, and MCTSI score were positively correlated with the severity of HTG-AP ( r =0.291, 0.631, and 0.649, all P < 0.001), and AIP was positively correlated with BISAP score and MCTSI score ( r =0.190 and 0.215, both P < 0.05). AIP had an optimal cut-off value of 1.095 in predicting sHTG-AP, and AIP, BISAP score, and AIP combined with BISAP score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.759, 0.887, 0.925, respectively, a sensitivity of 0.821, 0.857, and 0.786, respectively, and a specificity of 0.627, 0.817, and 0.937, respectively (all P < 0.001). Conclusion AIP is a risk factor for sHTG-AP and is correlated with disease severity, and AIP combined with BISAP score has a relatively high value in the early prediction of sHTG-AP.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1050-1056, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of suppressing high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on neuronal autophagy and apoptosis in rats after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats.@*METHODS@#Rat models of ICH induced by intracerebral striatum injection of 0.2 U/mL collagenase Ⅳ were treated with 1 mg/kg anti-HMGB1 mAb or a control anti-IgG mAb injected via the tail immediately and at 6 h after the operation (n=5). The rats in the sham-operated group (with intracranial injection of 2 μL normal saline) and ICH model group (n=5) were treated with PBS in the same manner after the operation. The neurological deficits of the rats were evaluated using modified neurological severity score (mNSS). TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of the striatal neurons, and the expressions of HMGB1, autophagy-related proteins (Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅰ) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3) in the brain tissues surrounding the hematoma were detected using Western blotting. The expression of HMGB1 in the striatum was detected by immunohistochemistry, and serum level of HMGB1 was detected with ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The rat models of ICH showed significantly increased mNSS (P < 0.05), which was markedly lowered after treatment with anti- HMGB1 mAb (P < 0.05). ICH caused a significant increase of apoptosis of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), enhanced the expressions of beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), lowered the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and increased the content of HMGB1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with anti-HMGB1 mAb obviously lowered the apoptosis rate of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), decreased the expressions of Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), increased the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and reduced the content of HMGB1 in ICH rats (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Down- regulation of HMGB1 by anti-HMGB1 improves neurological functions of rats after ICH possibly by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis of the neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1523-1527, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940015

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the application effect of iris hooks combined with suture fixation of capsular tension ring(CTR)in the treatment of phacoemulsification with secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation.METHODS: Retrospective case series. A total of 18 eyes of patients with serious secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation were enrolled in Aier Eye Hospital(Changchun)from October 2017 to May 2020 as the observation group. All the patients had iris hooks inserted to support the capsule during the phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation. Iris hooks were inserted through the incisions and placed in the capsulorhexis to support the capsule, then CTR was implanted and sutured onto the sclera of the dislocation side. A total of 11 eyes of patients had intracapsular cataract extraction combined with IOL suspension were enrolled in Aier Eye Hospital(Changchun)from October 2015 to October 2017 as the control group. The postoperative complications were recorded. The postoperative examinations included visual acuity, intraocular pressure(IOP)and positions of the capsule and IOL.RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up at least 12(12-40)mo, both the IOP of observation group and control group returned to normal, with statistically significant difference compared with pre-operation(t=9.994, 8.790, all P&#x003C;0.001). At 12mo after operation, the best corrected visual acuity of the two groups were significantly improved compared with surgery before(Z=-3.900, P&#x003C;0.001; Z=-3.002, P=0.003). The IOL in the observation group of the 18 eyes were in the expected position without complications such as an obvious tilt or displacement. In the control group with 11 eyes, the position of IOL in 8 eyes were centered, 3 eyes were slightly biased, and 2 eyes with cystoids macular edema.CONCLUSION: The application of suture fixation capsular tension ring and iris hooks for secondary glaucoma associated with lens subluxation in patients can be used as an effective auxiliary method, it could effectively control the IOP and maintain long-term stability of the capsule.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 730-736,C11-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:The relevant literatures including the randomized control study of intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis published from January 2010 to December 2021 were searched. The bias risk of the included literatures was evaluated by Revman 5.3 software, and the data were processed and analyzed by Stata 16.0 software. The weighted mean difference ( WMD) was calculated for the difference ofefficacy indexes, and the difference was compared by t-test. The odds ratio ( OR) was calculated for the difference of safety index, and the difference was compared by t-test. Results:① A total of 10 literatures were included, all of which were in English. ② A total of 921 patients were included in the study, of which 479 patients were treated with intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and 442 patients were treated with intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid. ③ Comparing the VAS scores of platelet rich plasma injection and hyaluronic acid injection, the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of platelet rich plasma injection patients were significantly lower than those of hyaluronic acid injection patients after 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, and the difference was statistically significant [ WMD(95% CI)=-0.66(-1.25, -0.77), P=0.029; WMD(95% CI)= -0.90(-1.51, -0.29), P=0.004]. ④ The specific performance was that the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma after 6 and 12 months of injection treatment was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [ WMD(95% CI)=-0.76(-1.06, 0.45), P<0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-1.35(-2.05, -0.65), P<0.01]; After 3, 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, the WOMAC stiffness score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [( WMD(95% CI)=-0.37(-0.66, -0.08), P=0.011; WMD(95% CI)=-0.30(-0.57, -0.04), P=0.023; WMD(95% CI)=-0.62(-0.92, -0.33), P<0.001]; After 3, 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, the WOMAC function score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [ WMD(95% CI)=-1.90 (-2.53, -1.27), P<0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-5.77(-9.20, -2.34), P=0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-5.72(-8.62, -2.82), P<0.001]. ⑤There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two intra-articular injection methods [ OR(95% CI)=1.28(0.68, 2.42), P=0.440]. Conclusion:Compared with intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid, the short-term clinical efficacy of injection of platelet rich plasma is equivalent to that of injection of hyaluronic acid, but the long-term clinical efficacy is better, and the safety of the two methods is similiar.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1454-1459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956321

ABSTRACT

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease with neuromuscular junction (NMJ) transmission disorder mediated by various antibodies, dependent on cellular immunity, and involved in complement and cytokines. MG is one of the common diseases in pediatric neurology, which is different from adult MG in diagnosis and treatment. However, there is still a lack of accurate and efficient diagnosis and treatment plan for pediatric MG. In recent years, with the development of pathogenesis, targeted diagnosis and treatment of NMJ transmission disorders caused by immune network disorders in immunopathology and pathogenic antibodies is the current main research direction. This article reviews the progress of auxiliary examination and treatment of MG in children.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1306-1309, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922615

ABSTRACT

A male infant, whose weight was 1 120 g at 28


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Anemia , Blood Transfusion , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Gestational Age , Premature Birth
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2710-2717, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887941

ABSTRACT

Qixuehe Capsules is a compound Chinese patent medicine developed for treating the disorder of Qi and blood(a common etiology of gynecological disease), which has remarkable effects on smoothing liver and regulating Qi, activating blood circulation, and relieving pain. However, due to its complex prescriptions(15 herbs) and multiple effects, the quality control of Qixuehe Capsules has always been a bottleneck problem limiting its sustainable development. Therefore, this study adopted the traditional Chinese medicine Q-markers quantitative identification system established previously by our research group based on the combination of analytic hierarchy process and entropy weight methods. With the different effects of Qixuehe Capsules as the entry point, the comprehensive scores of chemical ingre-dients in Qixuehe Capsules under the items of effectiveness(smoothing liver and regulating qi, activating blood circulation, and relieving pain), testability and specificity were calculated and integrated, respectively. Subsequently, through the analysis of compatibility relationship of Qixuehe Capsules, 15 active ingredients with high comprehensive scores were found to be the top Q-mar-kers of Qixuehe Capsules, including ferulic acid, quercetin, caffeic acid, kaempferol, rutin, Z-ligustilide, senkyunolide Ⅰ, vanillic acid, protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, senkyunolide A, gallic acid, tetrahydropalmatine and eugenol. Collectively, this study not only provided scientific evidence for further research on the improvement and standardization of quality standards of Qixuehe Capsules but also provided methodological references for the quantitative identification of Q-markers of multi-effect traditional Chinese medicine formulae.


Subject(s)
Analytic Hierarchy Process , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 774-780, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) for the regulation of lipid production and improvement in obesity by mediating Wnt/β-catenin pathway through activating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1).@*METHODS@#Of 75 Wistar male rats, 10 rats were selected randomly as the normal group and fed with standard diet. The rest rats were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to establish the obesity model. Forty rats of successful modeling were randomized into a model group, an EA group, an EA plus inhibitor group (EA+I group) and an agonist group, 10 rats in each one. In the EA group, EA was applied at "Guanyuan" (CV 4), "Zhongwan" (CV 12), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Fenglong" (ST 40), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and around 1 mA in intensity. The needles were retained for 20 min. In the EA+I group, sirtinol solution was injected from caudal vein and EA was exerted simultaneously. In the agonist group, resveratrol solution was given by intragastric administration. The intervention of the above three groups was given once every two days, 3 times a week, consecutively for 8 weeks. Before and after intervention, body mass and Lee's index were recorded in the rats of each group. After intervention, the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid (FFA) were detected in the rats of each group. After intervention, the mass of white adipose tissue (WAT) and the area of adipocytes were compared in the rats among the 5 groups. Using Western blot method, the protein expressions of SIRT1, glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), β-catenin, cyclin D1 and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) were detected in WAT in the rats of each group.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the model group, the body mass and Lee's index were reduced in the rats of the EA group and the agonist group (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture remarkably improves the body mass, Lee's index and blood lipid metabolism and reduces WAT mass and adipocyte size in obesity model rats, which is probably related to up-regulating the protein expression of SIRT1 in WAT, activating Wnt/β-catenin pathway and inhibiting the expression of PPARγ of downstream lipogenic gene so as to affect lipid production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Obesity/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Triglycerides , beta Catenin/genetics
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 11-19, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788856

ABSTRACT

Immune tolerance at maternal-fetal interface is the basis for establishment and maintenance of successful pregnancy. T cells are pivotal compositions of uterine decidual immune cells, which are required to mediate anti-infection immunity and protect embryos from external antigens attack. T cells also participate in the complex immune regulation process of maternal acceptance of semi-allogeneic embryos, and play an important role in regulating embryo implantation and maintaining pregnancy. Its dysfunction may lead to early pregnancy failures or mid-late pregnancy complications. This review summarizes the compositions, phenotypic characteristics and functions of decidual T cells at the maternal-fetal interface in recent years, and further describes the regulation of decidual CD4 and CD8 T cells in maternal-fetal immune tolerance as well as the molecular mechanisms of abnormal regulation leading to early pregnancy failures. Through the in-depth understanding the mechanism of maternal-fetal immune regulation, it supplies a novel concept on maternal-fetal immune tolerance and new clues for the immunotherapy of pregnancy-related diseases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 38-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798899

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the cleaning effects of biofilm cleaning agent and two kinds of multi-enzyme detergents on endoscopic biofilm.@*Methods@#Endoscopic biofilm model was established using pseudomonas aeruginosa, and soaked with No. 1 multi-enzyme detergent, No. 2 multi-enzyme detergent, and biofilm cleaning agent respectively. The control group was cleaned with sterile water. After 5, 10, and 15 minutes at room temperature, the cleaning effects were evaluated by bacteria counting method and scanning electron microscope. Arova was used for the comparison of viable counts among groups.@*Results@#At 5, 10, and 15 minutes of soak, the standard colony counts (CFU/cm2) of biofilm was 5.31±0.10, 5.04±0.08 and 4.90±0.16 in the No.1 multi-enzyme detergent group, 5.53±0.30, 5.39±0.21 and 5.03±0.42 in the No.2 multi-enzyme detergent group, and 3.53±0.30, 3.01±0.07 and 2.82±0.26 in the biofilm cleaning agent group, and 7.92±0.21 in the blank control group. There was no significant difference in the colony counts between the two multi-enzyme detergent groups (P>0.05). However, the colony counts of biofilm cleaning agent group was less than that of the two multi-enzyme detergent groups (P<0.05), and decreased with time (P<0.05). Under scanning electron microscope, the biofilm cleaning agent group had the least residual biofilm and bacteria.@*Conclusion@#Biofilm cleaning agent can significantly improve the quality of endoscopic cleaning, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

17.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 592-598, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effect and safety in treatment of functional constipation between electroacupuncture (EA) and gastro-kinetic drugs. METHODS: Using "functional constipation", "prucalopride", "mosapridecitrate", "electro-acupuncture" and "randomized controlled trial", both in Chinese and English, as search terms, the articles of randomized controlled trial (RCT) regarding to the comparison of therapeutic effect on functional constipation in the patients between EA and gastro-kinetic drugs were retrieved from CMB, Wanfang, VIP, CNKI, OpenGrey, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, JBI, PubMed, WOS and Ovid databases. The retrieval time was from the establishment date to June 2018. The two researchers screened articles, extracted data and assessed literature quality in reference to Cochrane Handbook. Using RevMan 5.3 software, the meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 11 articles were included finally, with 744 patients involved. It was found after meta-analysis that in EA group, the weekly spontaneous defecation frequency, constipation related quality of life in patients, depression relief and incidence of adverse reaction were all better than those in gastro-kinetic medication group. The therapeutic effect of the improvements in stool character and defecation difficulty in EA group were better or similar to that in gastro-kinetic medication group. CONCLUSION: Regarding the therapeutic effect and safety in treatment of functional constipation, the results of electroacupuncture are superior or similar to gastro-kinetic medication, presenting a satisfactory therapeutic prospect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 38-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cleaning effects of biofilm cleaning agent and two kinds of multi-enzyme detergents on endoscopic biofilm.Methods:Endoscopic biofilm model was established using pseudomonas aeruginosa, and soaked with No. 1 multi-enzyme detergent, No. 2 multi-enzyme detergent, and biofilm cleaning agent respectively. The control group was cleaned with sterile water. After 5, 10, and 15 minutes at room temperature, the cleaning effects were evaluated by bacteria counting method and scanning electron microscope. Arova was used for the comparison of viable counts among groups. Results:At 5, 10, and 15 minutes of soak, the standard colony counts (CFU/cm 2) of biofilm was 5.31±0.10, 5.04±0.08 and 4.90±0.16 in the No.1 multi-enzyme detergent group, 5.53±0.30, 5.39±0.21 and 5.03±0.42 in the No.2 multi-enzyme detergent group, and 3.53±0.30, 3.01±0.07 and 2.82±0.26 in the biofilm cleaning agent group, and 7.92±0.21 in the blank control group. There was no significant difference in the colony counts between the two multi-enzyme detergent groups ( P>0.05). However, the colony counts of biofilm cleaning agent group was less than that of the two multi-enzyme detergent groups ( P<0.05), and decreased with time ( P<0.05). Under scanning electron microscope, the biofilm cleaning agent group had the least residual biofilm and bacteria. Conclusion:Biofilm cleaning agent can significantly improve the quality of endoscopic cleaning, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1325-1330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801494

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of remifentanil combined with propofol on hemodynamics, inflammatory stress response and immune function in patients with acute abdomen complicated with septic shock.@*Methods@#From June 2017 to August 2018, 112 patients with acute abdomen complicated with septic shock who admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University were enrolled in the study.They were randomly divided into observation group and control group according to the digital table, with 56 cases in each group.The control group was anesthetized with sevoflurane combined with propofol.The observation group was anesthetized with remifentanil combined with propofol.The hemodynamic parameters of the patients entering the operating room(T0), 0.5h(T1), 1h(T2) and awake(T3) after anesthesia were recorded.The intraoperative norepinephrine dosage was recorded.The inflammatory response, stress response and immune function indicators at T0, T2 and T3 were recorded.@*Results@#Compared with T0, T1 and T2, the MAP of the two groups was higher at T3, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=4.834, 4.484, 5.378, tobservation group=6.420, 7.006, 6.152, all P<0.05). Compared with T0, the HR of the two groups was higher at T3, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=5.943, tobservation group=7.722, all P<0.05). Compared with T1 and T2, CO of the two groups was higher at T3, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=4.276, 2.262, tobservation group=6.318, 5.132, all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in MAP, HR and CO between the two groups at T0, T1, T2 and T3(all P>0.05). The doses of norepinephrine in the observation group and the control group were (1 587.7±287.5)μg and (1 937.9±397.6)μg, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant(t=5.341, P<0.05). The serum levels of C reactive protein(CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α) and interleukin 6(IL-6) increased with time in the two groups, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=17.06, 36.13, 19.07, 3.822, 9.466, 2.874, 14.18, 26.87, 16.21, tobservation group=11.72, 20.79, 11.01, 2.810, 6.559, 3.716, 10.52, 24.56, 17.64, all P<0.05). At T2 and T3, the serum levels of CRP, TNF-α and IL-6 in the observation group[T2: CRP (89.63±17.65)mg/L, TNF-α (51.16±10.16)ng/L, IL-6 (34.26±6.25)ng/L, T3: CRP (136.15±26.25)mg/L, TNF-α (58.64±11.12)ng/L, IL-6 (67.56±12.67)ng/L]were lower than those in the control group[T2: CRP (112.15±22.34)mg/L, TNF-α (59.56±11.58)ng/L, IL-6 (42.65±8.37)ng/L, T3: CRP (175.16±34.75)mg/L, TNF-α (65.79±11.35)ng/L, IL-6 (79.02±14.56)ng/L], the differences were statistically significant(t=5.919, 6.703, 4.080, 3.367, 6.010, 4.443, all P<0.05). Compared with T0, serum levels of epinephrine(E), cortisol(Cor) increased in two groups at T2 and T3, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=10.03, 8.096, 8.679, 7.029, tobservation group=6.473, 4.728, 6.330, 4.727, all P<0.05). Compared with T2, serum levels of E and Cor in two groups at T3 were decreased, and the differences were statistically significant(tcontrol group=2.400, 2.638, tobservation group=2.260, 2.162, all P<0.05). At T2 and T3, the serum levels of E, Cor in the observation group[T2: E (286.36±41.02)ng/L, Cor (262.52±29.89)μg/L, T3: E (270.35±33.59)ng/L, Cor (253.23±30.28)μg/L]were lower than those in the control group[T2: E (312.56±38.75)ng/L, Cor (287.56±38.76)μg/L, T3: E (295.79±35.12)ng/L, Cor (270.25±30.15)μg/L], the differences were statistically significant (t=3.457, 3.917, 3.828, 2.981, all P<0.05). At T0, T2 and T3, there were no statistically significant differences in CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ between the two groups(all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Remifentanil combined with propofol anesthesia can make hemodynamics more stable in patients with acute abdomen complicated with septic shock, and can alleviate inflammation and stress response.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 752-757, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe improvement effects of fingolimod on middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) injury model rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and fingolimod low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.5, 1, 2 mg/kg), with 8 rats in each group. Except for sham operation group, MCAO/R injury model was induced by suture-occluded method in other groups. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically after reperfusion [1 h after reperfusion (1st day), 22.5 h after reperfusion (2nd day), and then every 24 h until 142.5 h of reperfusion (7th day)]. Sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 7 d. The scores of neurological deficit and balance beam test, the times of memory error [work memory error (WME), reference memory error (RME) and total error] were recorded in each group. The contents of serum inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α) were determined by ELISA, and triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining method was used to detect the rate of cerebral infarction. RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group, neurological deficit scores (at different time points of 1st-7th day after administration), balance beam test scores (2nd, 4th, 7th day after administration), times of memory error (2nd, 4th, 7th day after administration), the contents of serum inflammatory cytokines and the rate of cerebral infarction were increased significantly in model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, neurological deficit scores (low-dose group at different time points of 3rd-7th day, medium-dose and high-dose groups at different time points of 2nd-7th day after administration), balance beam test scores (low-dose group at 7th day, medium-dose group at 4th and 7th day, high-dose group at 2nd, 4th, 7th day), RME times and total error times (low-dose group at 4th and 7th day, medium-dose group and high-dose group at 2nd, 4th, 7th day after administration), WME times (administrations groups at 7th day after administration), serum contents of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 (administrations groups), serum contents of TNF-α (medium-dose and high-does groups) and cerebral infarction rate (medium-dose and high-dose groups) were all decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Intragastric administration of fingolimod can significantly reduce neurological deficit score, balance beam test score and the times of memory error in MCAO/R injury model rats, and has a protective effect on cerebral tissue and memory function. These effects may be related to the down-regulation of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α by fingolimod.

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