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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the risk factors affecting thromboembolism in lymphoma patients with chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#Three hundred and four consecutive lymphoma patients treated by chemotherapy between January 2012 and July 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed, consisting of 111 patients with thromboembolism and 193 without thromboembolism. Univariate analysis was used to compare the clinical characteristics and related laboratory examination between the patients, while multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to identify the risk factors affecting thromboembolism in lymphoma patients with chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis showed that the female, BMI <18.5 or >24, ≥60 years old, with abnormal platelets before chemotherapy, prolonged single hospitalization days and patients at Ann Arbor stage III and IV could increase the incidence of thromboembolism in lymphoma patients treated by chemotherapy. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that abnormal platelet count before chemotherapy, patients at Ann Arbor stage III and IV, and female were all the independent risk factors affecting thromboembolism in lymphoma patients thromboembolism after chemotherapy (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For lymphoma chemotherapy patients, female, abnormal platelet count before chemotherapy and Ann Arbor stages III and IV show a significantly higher risk for thromboembolism. Thus, preventive anticoagulation therapy is recommended.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Female , Humans , Lymphoma/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thromboembolism/epidemiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genomic variation characteristics of fetal with abnormal serological screening, and to further explore the value of copy number variation (CNV) detection technology in prenatal diagnosis of fetal with abnormal serological screening.@*METHODS@#7617 singleton pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis solely due to abnormal Down's serological screening were selected. According to the results of serological screening, the patients were divided into high risk group, borderline risk group and single abnormal multiple of median (MOM) group. CMA and CNV-Seq were used to detect the copy number variation of amniotic fluid cell genomic DNA and combined with amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis for prenatal diagnosis. Outpatient revisit combined with telephone inquiry was used for postnatal follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Among 7617 amniotic fluid samples, aneuploidy was detected in 138cases (1.81%) by CMA and CNV-Seq, 9 cases of aneuploid chimerism were detected by amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis, and 203 cases of fetus carrying pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV (P/LP CNV) were detected, the variant of uncertain significance (VUS) was detected in 437 cases (5.7%), the overall abnormal detection rate was 10.33%. The detection rate of aneuploidy by CMA and CNV-Seq in three group were 123 cases (2.9%), 13 cases (1.3%) and 2 cases (0.4%), respectively,and showing no significant difference (χ 2=7.469, P=0.024). The detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV in three group were 163cases (2.6%); 24 cases (2.6%) and 16 cases (3.3%), respectively, and showing no significant difference (χ 2=0.764, P=0.682). The CMA reported 2.9% (108/3729)P/LP CNV, and CNV-seq reported 2.4% (95/3888)P/LP CNV, both tests showed similar detective capabilities (χ 2=1.504, P=0.22).The most popular P/LP CNV in this cohort were Xp22.31 microdeletion, 16p13.11 microduplication /microdeletion, 22q11.21 microduplication /microdeletion. In fetuses with P/LP CNV CNV, 59 fetuses were terminated pregnancy, and 32 of 112 fetuses born had abnormal clinical manifestations. Non-medically necessary termination of pregnancy occurred in 11 fetuses carrying VUS CNV, 322 fetuses carrying VUS CNV were born, 4 of them presented abnormal clinical manifestations.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional chromosome karyotype, CMA and CNV-Seq can improve the detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV. CMA and CNV-seq can be used for first tier diagnosis of pregnant women in the general population with abnormal Down's serological screening.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genomics , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Technology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928293

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a severe central nervous system disease, which will cause a series of complex pathophysiological changes and activate a variety of signaling pathways including Notch signaling. Studies have evidenced that activation of the Notch signaling pathway is not conducive to nerve repair and symptom improvement after spinal cord injury. Its mechanisms include inhibiting neuronal differentiation and axon regeneration, promoting reactive astrocyte proliferation, promoting M1 macrophage polarization and the release of proinflammatory factors, and inhibiting angiogenesis. Therefore, it has become a promising therapeutic strategy to inhibit Notch signal as a target in the treatment of spinal cord injury. In recent years, some researchers have used drugs, cell transplantation or genetic modification to regulate Notch signaling, which can promote the recovery of nerve function after spinal cord injury, thereby providing new treatment strategies for the treatment of spinal cord injury. This article will summarize the mechanism of Notch signaling pathway in spinal cord injury, and at the same time review the research progress in the treatment of spinal cord injury by modulating Notch signaling pathway in recent years, so as to provide new research ideas for further exploring new strategies for spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Axons/metabolism , Cell Transplantation , Humans , Nerve Regeneration , Signal Transduction/genetics , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Spinal Cord Injuries/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928129

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum saponins(GPs) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) induced by high-fat diet in rats and reveal the underlying mechanism. The NAFLD model rats were prepared with high-fat diet. Forty male Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were randomly assigned into the control group, model group, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose GPs(50, 100, and 150 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) groups. After intragastric administration for 8 continuous weeks, we determined the body weight, liver weight, the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum, and the levels of TC, TG, malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), and interleukin 6(IL-6) in the liver. Furthermore, we observed the pathological changes of liver tissue by oil red O staining and hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, sequenced the 16 S rRNA of the intestinal flora in rat feces, and determined the content of short-chain fatty acids in rat feces. The results showed that GPs inhibited the excessive weight gain of high-fat diet-induced NAFLD in rats, reduced the liver weight, lowered the TC, TG, LDL-c, AST, and ALT levels in serum(P<0.05), and rose the HDL-c level in serum(P<0.01). GPs relieved the liver damage caused by high-fat diet, mainly manifested by the lowered levels of TC, TG, MDA, and IL-6 in the liver(P<0.01) and elevated levels of CAT and SOD in the liver. Furthermore, GPs reversed the intestinal flora disorder caused by high-fat diet, restored the diversity of intestinal flora, increased the relative abundance of Bacteroides, and reduced the relative abundance of Firmicutes and the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroides. Moreover, GPs promoted the proliferation of beneficial bacteria such as Akkermansia, Bacteroides, and Parabacteroides, and inhibited the growth of harmful bacteria such as Desulfovibrio, Escherichia-Shigella, and Helicobacter. GPs increased the content of short-chain fatty acids(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid)(P<0.01). These findings indicate that GPs can alleviate the high-fat diet-induced NAFLD in rats via regulating the intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase/metabolism , Animals , Cholesterol, LDL/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gynostemma , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Liver , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927424

ABSTRACT

"Unblocking fu organs" is one of the essential principles of Ma's warm moxibustion technique, characterized as "dredging" and "harmonizing" for either deficiency or excess condition. Under the guidance of this therapeutic thought, the acupoints for moxibustion are mainly selected from the middle and lower parts of the body. Regarding the therapeutic approach, the acupoint prescription for moxibustion should be formed in line with warming and promoting circulation of fu organs; the moxibustion degree should be specially considered, in which, the mild moxibustion is recommended to induce promoting action; and the systematic moxibustion technique should be the root for dredging fu organs and regulating zang organs. Ma's mild moxibustion technique stresses on removing the obstruction of fu organs and emphasizes promoting the qi activity of sanjiao (triple energizer) and regulating the balance of five zang organs.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ethnicity , Humans , Hyperplasia , Moxibustion/methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924643

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the features and assessment for far space neglect in left spatial neglect patients after right brain stroke. MethodsFrom January to October, 2021, 30 left unilateral spatial neglect (USN) patients after right stroke (patients, n = 30) from Beijing Bo'ai Hospital and healthy volunteers matching with gender, age and level of education (controls, n = 30) were evaluated with line cancelation (LC), star cancelation (SC) and line bisection (LB) tests, nearly and far away. The 25 controls were evaluated with LB on the second day. ResultsNo line or star was omissed in the controls. Both the deviation and percentage were more in the patients than in the controls (|t| > 4.319, P < 0.001). Both the deviation and percentage were less different for all the test (|Z| < 1.638, t = -1.282, P > 0.05) between nearly and far away, except the deviation of LB (t = -4.994, P < 0.001). The ICC of test-retest was above 0.462 (P < 0.01). ConclusionRight brain stroke patients with USN may present far spatial neglect, which can be assessed with LB.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 372-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923108

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, and aerobic combined resistance exercise on body composition among overweight and obese children and adolescents, to provide more comprehensive and effective evidences for overweight/obesity intervention research and practice in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding exercises on body composition among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity published before December 31th, 2020 were searched in databases of CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed risk of bias of included studies. Stata 15.1 and RevMan 5.0 were used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#A total of 38 RCTs were included. The effectiveness of exercise on BMI reduction among overweight/obese children and adolescents were in the following rankings: combined exercise [ MD =-1.25(-1.76--0.74), P <0.05], aerobic exercise [ MD =-0.87(-1.23--0.52), P <0.05], resistance exercise [ MD =-0.58(-1.06--0.10), P <0.05]. The effectiveness of exercise on body fat percentage reduction among overweight/obese children and adolescents were in the following rankings: combined exercise [ MD =-4.02(-5.60--2.44), P <0.05], resistance exercise [ MD =-2.89(-4.62--1.16), P <0.05], aerobic exercise [ MD =-1.88(-3.14--0.62), P <0.05].@*Conclusion@#Aerobic training combined with resistance training is the most effective exercise to improve body composition for children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. When formulating exercise prescription,atrobic combined with resistance exercise can be used as the first choice for overweight and obese children and adolescents.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the antihypertensive mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) is associated with attenuating phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) via phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Eight Wistar-ktoyo (WKY) rats were set as normal blood pressure group (normal group). A total of 32 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into 4 groups using random number tables: a model group, an EA group, an EA+PI3K antagonist group (EA+P group), and an EA+p38 MAPK agonist+extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) agonist group (EA+M group) (n=8/group). SHRs in EA group, EA+P group and EA+M group received EA treatment 5 sessions per week for continuous 4 weeks, while rats in the normal and model groups were bundled in same condition. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) of each rat was measured at 0 week and the 4th week. After 4-week intervention, thoracic aorta was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, immunohistochemistry [the contractile markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and calponin and the synthetic marker osteopontin (OPN)] and Western blot [α-SMA, calponin, OPN, PI3K, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, p-p42/44 ERK, total p42/44 ERK, p-p38 MAPK and total p38 MAPK].@*RESULTS@#EA significantly reduced SBP, DBP and MAP (P<0.01). HE staining showed that the wall thickness of thoracic aorta in EA group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). From results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot, EA increased the expression of α-SMA and calponin, and decreased the expression of OPN (P<0.01). In addition, the expression of PI3K and p-Akt increased (P<0.01), while the expression of p-p42/44 ERK and p-p38 MAPK decreased in EA group (P<0.01). However, these effects were reversed by PI3K antagonist, p38 MAPK agonist and ERK agonist.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA was an effective treatment for BP management. The antihypertensive effect of EA may be related with inhibition of phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, in which the activation of PI3K/Akt and the repression of MAPK pathway were involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Phenotype , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936053

ABSTRACT

The lower mediastinal lymphadenectomy is indicated for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG), while the laparoscopic procedure shows some advantages. According to previous studies and results of IDEAL phase 2a study in our institute, the following structures are recommended as the dissection borders: the upper (cranial) is inferior wall of pericardium and pulmonary ligament; the lower (caudal) is diaphragm hiatus (esophagogastric junction); the front (ventral) is anterior inferior wall of pericardium and diaphragm; the back (dorsal) is anterior wall of aorta; the lateral is mediastinal pleura. The standard of quality control is still under investigation.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Quality Control , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 137-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the novel Prizvalve® system in treating severe aortic stenosis. Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm, observational study. A total of 11 patients with severe aortic stenosis with high risk or inappropriate for conventional surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) were included, and TAVI was achieved with the Prizvalve® system between March 2021 and May 2021 in West China Hospital. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed immediately after prosthesis implantation to evaluate mean transaortic gradient and maximal transaortic velocity. The device success rate was calculated, which was defined as (1) the device being delivered via the access, deployed, implanted and withdrawn, (2) mean transaortic gradient<20 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or a maximal transaortic velocity<3 m/s post TAVI, and without severe aortic regurgitation or paravalvular leak post TAVI. TTE was performed at 30 days after the surgery, and all-cause mortality as well as the major cardiovascular adverse events (including acute myocardial infarction, disabling hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke) up to 30 days post TAVI were analyzed. Results: The age of 11 included patients were (78.1±6.3) years, with 8 males. A total of 10 patients were with NYHA functional class Ⅲ or Ⅳ. Devices were delivered via the access, deployed, implanted and withdrawn successfully in all patients. Post-implant mean transaortic gradient was (7.55±4.08) mmHg and maximal transaortic velocity was (1.78±0.44) m/s, and both decreased significantly as compared to baseline levels (both P<0.05). No severe aortic regurgitation or paravalvular leak was observed post TAVI. Device success was achieved in all the 11 patients. No patient died or experienced major cardiovascular adverse events up to 30 days post TAVI. Mean transaortic gradient was (9.45±5.07) mmHg and maximal transaortic velocity was (2.05±0.42) m/s at 30 days post TAVI, which were similar as the values measured immediately post TAVI (both P>0.05). Conclusions: TAVI with the Prizvalve® system is a feasible and relatively safe procedure for patients with severe aortic stenosis and at high risk or inappropriate for SAVR. Further clinical studies could be launched to obtain more clinical experience with Prizvalve® system.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the pathogenic gene and prenatal diagnosis of a family with intellectual disability.Methods:Out of this family consisting of 17 members in three generations, four males had intellectual disability. The proband's elder sister (Ⅱ-7) visited Henan Provincial People's Hospital in Oct 2019 for genetic counseling at 8 weeks of gestation. After informed consent was obtained, peripheral blood samples of the family members were collected. The whole exome sequencing was performed on the genome DNA of the proband (Ⅱ-9, male) and his parents to screen the candidate variants for phenotype co-segregated analysis by Sanger sequencing. The expression vectors were constructed by homologous recombination and the splicing experiments were performed in vitro. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Sanger sequencing, and TA clone sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variants on splicing. After the pathogenic variant was determined the proband's elder sister underwent prenatal diagnosis (Ⅲ-7) using goldeneyeTM20A genotyping system and Sanger sequencing. Results:A hemizygous synonymous variant of c.1302G>A (p. S434S) in DLG3 gene was found in the proband by whole exome sequencing, which was carried by his mother (Ⅰ-1) and co-segregated with the phenotype in other family patients. In vitro splicing experiment showed that c.1302G>A variant led to abnormal splicing of 88.24% transcripts, which further resulted in the reading frame shift and protein function impairment. The mutation was not detected in the fetus (Ⅲ-7), who was born alive later and showed no abnormal mental or behavioral development at the age of one and a half year and is still being followed up. Conclusions:The synonymous mutation c.1302G>A in DLG3 gene was the etiopathogenesis of X-linked intellectual disability in this family.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 71-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and molecular mechanisms of ginsenoside Rg1 on the expression of neuronal autophagosome-related proteins in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease(AD).Methods:Six-week-old SD rats were decapitated to prepare hippocampal brain slices.The slices were randomly divided into the blank control group, the model group, the low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration Rg1 groups, with 10 in each group.In the model group, Aβ 1-42(final concentration: 5 μmol/L)was added into an artificial cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)for 2 h treatment.The low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration Rg1 groups were treated with Aβ 1-42(final concentration: 5 μmol/L)for 2 h, and then treated with Rg1(final concentrations: 60 μmol/L, 120 μmol/L, 240 μmol/L, respectively)for 3 h. The blank control group was not given any intervention drugs.At the end of intervention, histological changes of hippocampal brain slices in each group were examined via hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining.Autophagosomes in hippocampal brain slices of each group were detected using transmission electron microscopy.The expression levels of autophagy-related proteins(P62, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ), Aβ 1-42and shank protein in hippocampal brain slices of each group were detected with Western blot. Results:The results of HE staining showed that the arrangement of hippocampal neurons were disordered in the model group, with death and depletion of neurons.The arrangement and depletion of hippocampal neurons in each Rg1 group were less severe compared with the model group, with most significant improvement seen in the high-concentration Rg1 group.The results of transmission electron microscopy showed that the number of autophagosomes in brain slices in the model group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group, while each Rg1 group had fewer autophagosomes than the model group.The results of Western blot showed that, compared with the blank control group, levels of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in brain slices were decreased(all P<0.05), while levels of Aβ 1-42and LC3-Ⅱ protein were significantly increased(all P<0.05)in the model group.Compared with the model group, levels of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in brain slices were increased(all P<0.05), while levels of Aβ 1-42and LC3-Ⅱ protein were decreased( P<0.05)in each Rg1 group.These changes were the most significant in the high-concentration Rg1 group. Conclusions:Ginsenoside Rg1 may inhibit autophagy by up-regulating the expression of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in hippocampal brain slices of rats in the AD model, thus playing protective roles in brain neurons.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effects of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform in a prehypertensive population.Methods:One hundred and fifty-eight prehypertensive patients who were examined at the Third Xiangya Hospital in Changsha, China, from August to December 2019 were randomly divided into either the experimental or control groups using the random number table method. The experimental group utilized an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform, whereas the control group utilized regular telephone and SMS health management routines. The intervention duration was 12 months for both groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square tests, χ 2 tests, and rank-sum tests. Results:Post intervention systolic blood pressure (124.79±9.71 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and diastolic blood pressure measurements (77.41±8.21 mmHg) of the participants in the experimental group were significantly lower than those before the intervention (128.29±5.10 mmHg and 79.99±6.01 mmHg, respectively), and significantly lower than those of the control group′s measurements after the intervention (130.00±7.78 mmHg and 80.33±7.90 mmHg, respectively) (all P<0.05). The blood pressure goal attainment rate was significantly higher in the experimental group (23.08%) than that of the control group (8.75%), with statistically significant differences within the experimental group before and after intervention, as well as between the groups post intervention ( P<0.05). Positive lifestyle changes, such as prehypertension knowledge score, active restriction and control of salt and oil intake, reduction of smoking, and exercising weekly, were significantly higher than those in the control group before the intervention (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The use of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform can effectively help patients with prehypertension control their blood pressure levels, improve their knowledge about the condition, and improve their lifestyle choices.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 405-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore current status of scanning protocol and radiation dose of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in China from 2017 to 2018.Methods:Cluster sampling was conducted according to the number and distribution of tertiary and secondary hospitals in provinces across the country, and 75 hospitals (30 secondary hospitals and 45 tertiary hospitals) were finally included. The patients who underwent CCTA from October 2017 to May 2018 were systematically sampled, and 1 312 patients were finally included. Patients were divided into two groups according to the level of hospital. Basic clinical characteristics were collected, including age, sex, height, weight, CT scanning equipment, scanning parameters, scanning model, post-processing scheme and radiation dose. Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ 2 tes were used in statistical analysis. Radiation dose was compared between different tube voltage, scanning model and post-processing solutions groups. Results:The ratio of employing low tube voltage (≤100 kV) was 35.4% (464/1 312). The rate of using low tube voltage in different weight groups (<60, 60-90,>90 kg) were 45.0%(126/280), 39.6%(256/647), 33.3%(8/24) in tertiary hospitals respectively, and 27.8%(25/90), 18.5%(49/265), 0(0/6) in secondary hospitals respectively. The rate of using low tube voltage in different weight groups (<60, 60-90,>90 kg) was significantly higher in tertiary hospitals than in secondary hospitals (χ2=34.25, 51.05, 207.05, P<0.001). Prospective electrocardiogram triggering model was used in 38.5% (505/1 312) of the patients. Application rate of iterative reconstruction was 82.5% (1 082/1 312). Among the patients who applied iterative reconstruction, tube voltage of 120 kV and above was used in 58.8% (636/1 082) of the patients. The effective radiation dose (ED) of CCTA was 11.84 (6.33, 16.66) mSv. The ED of CCTA examination in tertiary hospitals was slightly lower than that of secondary hospitals ( Z=-5.73, P<0.001). The ED of CCTA examination using prospective electrocardiogram triggering model was lower than that of retrospective electrocardiogram triggering model ( Z=-15.76, P<0.001). The ED of CCTA examination with iterative reconstruction [11.76 (6.94, 17.58) mSv] was slightly lower than those without iterative reconstruction ( Z=-3.45, P=0.004). Conclusions:The problems were focused on tube voltage fixation, low application proportion of low tube voltage and prospective electrocardiogram triggered protocol, and nonstandard application of iterative reconstruction technology during CCTA examination in the investigated hospitals. The nonstandard scanning protocol was an important causation of high ED in CCTA examination. Although the scanning standardization degree of tertiary hospitals was higher than that of secondary hospitals, but it still did not meet the guidelines.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1514-1522, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929371

ABSTRACT

To explore the pharmacogenomic markers that affect the platinum-based chemotherapy response in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), we performed a two-cohort of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 34 for WES-based and 433 for microarray-based analyses, as well as two independent validation cohorts. After integrating the results of two studies, the genetic variations related to the platinum-based chemotherapy response were further determined by fine-mapping in 838 samples, and their potential functional impact were investigated by eQTL analysis and in vitro cell experiments. We found that a total of 68 variations were significant at P < 1 × 10-3 in cohort 1 discovery stage, of which 3 SNPs were verified in 262 independent samples. A total of 541 SNPs were significant at P < 1 × 10-4 in cohort 2 discovery stage, of which 8 SNPs were verified in 347 independent samples. Comparing the validated SNPs in two GWAS, ADCY1 gene was verified in both independent studies. The results of fine-mapping showed that the G allele carriers of ADCY1 rs2280496 and C allele carriers of rs189178649 were more likely to be resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy. In conclusion, our study found that rs2280496 and rs189178649 in ADCY1 gene were associated the sensitivity of platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of suppressing high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on neuronal autophagy and apoptosis in rats after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats.@*METHODS@#Rat models of ICH induced by intracerebral striatum injection of 0.2 U/mL collagenase Ⅳ were treated with 1 mg/kg anti-HMGB1 mAb or a control anti-IgG mAb injected via the tail immediately and at 6 h after the operation (n=5). The rats in the sham-operated group (with intracranial injection of 2 μL normal saline) and ICH model group (n=5) were treated with PBS in the same manner after the operation. The neurological deficits of the rats were evaluated using modified neurological severity score (mNSS). TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of the striatal neurons, and the expressions of HMGB1, autophagy-related proteins (Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅰ) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3) in the brain tissues surrounding the hematoma were detected using Western blotting. The expression of HMGB1 in the striatum was detected by immunohistochemistry, and serum level of HMGB1 was detected with ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The rat models of ICH showed significantly increased mNSS (P < 0.05), which was markedly lowered after treatment with anti- HMGB1 mAb (P < 0.05). ICH caused a significant increase of apoptosis of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), enhanced the expressions of beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), lowered the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and increased the content of HMGB1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with anti-HMGB1 mAb obviously lowered the apoptosis rate of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), decreased the expressions of Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), increased the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and reduced the content of HMGB1 in ICH rats (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Down- regulation of HMGB1 by anti-HMGB1 improves neurological functions of rats after ICH possibly by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis of the neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940628

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Qingfei Jiangmai decoction (QJD) on the content of mercapturic acids in urine in healthy people amid PM2.5 (particles 2.5 microns or less in size) pollution. MethodA total of 84 healthy students of 18-30 years old in Beijing were recruited and they were randomized into the test group (42 in total, with 1 dropout) and control group (42 in total, with 3 dropouts). During the pollution, the test group and the control group respectively took QJD granules and placebo for 7 days (1 bag/time, 2 times/day), and another 7-day intervention with the same drugs was performed at an interval of 4 weeks. The time-activity patterns were recorded during the intervention. On-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-LC-MS/MS) was performed to detect the content of PM2.5-related metabolites S-phenylmercapturic acid (SPMA), 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid (3-HPMA), 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid (HMPMA), N-acetyl-S-(2-nitrile ethyl)-L-cysteine (CEMA), and N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxy ethyl)-L-cysteine (HEMA) in urine before and after intervention. Statistical analysis was followed. ResultThe content of CEMA, HEMA, 3-HPMA, and HMPMA in the test group was all higher after the intervention than before the intervention, with the significant difference in HEMA (P<0.05). After intervention, content of HEMA and SPMA was significantly higher in the test group than in the control group (P<0.05), and the difference in HEMA (Z=-3.614, P<0.01) and HMPMA (Z=-1.988, P<0.05) before and after invention in the test group was significantly larger than that in the control group. After the intervention, HEMA in the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group (F=7.597, P<0.01). ConclusionDuring PM2.5 pollution, QJD can increase the excretion of HEMA, a metabolite of ethylene oxide, in the urine of healthy people in Beijing, and enhance the detoxification process of toxic components in PM2.5, which is of great value in preventing and treating haze-related illnesses.

19.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 432-441, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of electroacupuncture (EA) on ghrelin and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (PI3K/Akt/eNOS) signaling pathway in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).@*METHODS@#Eight Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as the healthy blood pressure (BP) control (normal group), and 32 SHRs were randomized into model group, EA group, EA plus ghrelin group (EA + G group), and EA plus PF04628935 group (a potent ghrelin receptor blocker; EA + P group) using a random number table. Rats in the normal group and model group did not receive treatment, but were immobilized for 20 min per day, 5 times a week, for 4 continuous weeks. SHRs in the EA group, EA + G group and EA + P group were immobilized and given EA treatment in 20 min sessions, 5 times per week, for 4 weeks. Additionally, 1 h before EA, SHRs in the EA + G group and EA + P group were intraperitoneally injected with ghrelin or PF04628935, respectively, for 4 weeks. The tail-cuff method was used to measure BP. After the 4-week intervention, the rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation, and pathological morphology of the abdominal aorta was observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of ghrelin, nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in the serum. Isolated thoracic aortic ring experiment was performed to evaluate vasorelaxation. Western blot was used to measure the expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) and eNOS proteins in the abdominal aorta. Further, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to measure the relative levels of mRNA expression for PI3K, Akt and eNOS in the abdominal aorta.@*RESULTS@#EA significantly reduced the systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) (P < 0.05). HE staining showed that EA improved the morphology of the vascular endothelium to some extent. Results of ELISA indicated that higher concentrations of ghrelin and NO, and lower concentrations of ET-1 and TXA2 were presented in the EA group (P < 0.05). The isolated thoracic aortic ring experiment demonstrated that the vasodilation capacity of the thoracic aorta increased in the EA group. Results of Western blot and qRT-PCR showed that EA increased the abundance of PI3K, p-Akt/Akt and eNOS proteins, as well as expression levels of PI3K, Akt and eNOS mRNAs (P < 0.05). In the EA + G group, SBP and DBP decreased (P < 0.05), ghrelin concentrations increased (P < 0.05), and the concentrations of ET-1 and TXA2 decreased (P < 0.05), relative to the EA group. In addition, the levels of PI3K and eNOS proteins, the p-Akt/Akt ratio, and the expression of PI3K, Akt and eNOS mRNAs increased significantly in the EA + G group (P < 0.05), while PF04628935 reversed these effects.@*CONCLUSION@#EA effectively reduced BP and protected the vascular endothelium, and these effects may be linked to promoting the release of ghrelin and activation of the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Ghrelin/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Signal Transduction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect whether Danlou Tablet (DLT) regulates the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α-angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) mRNA signaling pathway and explore the role of DLT in treating chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis.@*METHODS@#The mature adipocytes were obtained from 3T3-L1 cell culturation and allocated into 8 groups including control groups (Groups 1 and 5, 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DLT groups (Groups 2 and 6, 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution); dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) groups (Groups 3 and 7, DMOG and 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DMOG plus DLT groups (Groups 4 and 8, DMOG and 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution). Groups 1-4 used mature adipocytes and groups 5-8 used HIF-1 α-siRNA lentivirus-transfected mature adipocytes. After 24-h treatment, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and Angptl4. In animal experiments, the CIH model in ApoE-/- mice was established. Sixteen mice were complete randomly divided into 4 groups including sham group, CIH model group [intermittent hypoxia and normal saline (2 mL/time) gavage once a day]; Angptl4 Ab group [intermittent hypoxia and Angptl4 antibody (30 mg/kg) intraperitoneally injected every week]; DLT group [intermittent hypoxia and DLT (250 mg/kg) once a day], 4 mice in each group. After 4-week treatment, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression levels of serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG). Hematoxylin-eosin and CD68 staining were used to observe the morphological properties of arterial plaques.@*RESULTS@#Angptl4 expression was dependent on HIF-1 α, with a reduction in mRNA expression and no response in protein level to DMOG or DLT treatment in relation to siHIF-1 α -transfected cells. DLT inhibited HIF-1 α and Angptl4 mRNA expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and reduced HIF-1 α and Angptl4 protein expressions with DMOG in mature adipocytes (all P<0.01), as the effect on HIF-1 α protein also existed in the presence of siHIF-1 α (P<0.01). ApoE-/- mice treated with CIH had increased TG and TC levels (all P<0.01) and atherosclerotic plaque. Angptl4 antibody and DLT both reduce TG and TC levels (all P<0.01), as well as reducing atherosclerotic plaque areas, narrowing arterial wall thickness and alleviating atherosclerotic lesion symptoms to some extent.@*CONCLUSION@#DLT had positive effects in improving dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis by inhibiting Angptl4 protein level through HIF-1 α-Angptl4 mRNA signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Angiopoietin-Like Protein 4/genetics , Animals , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Mice , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Powders , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Signal Transduction , Triglycerides , Water
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