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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961830

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether the whole intestinal microbiota transplantation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) model mice has more significant effects on ileum intestinal microenvironment in normal mice under the guidance of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine that "interior-exterior relationship exists between the heart and small intestine". MethodsThe whole intestinal microbiota of fourteen 6-month-old specific pathogen free male APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD model mice was transplanted into the gut of six normal C57BL/6J mice of the same age and background treated with mixed antibiotics for 14 days. Then, after 14 days of normal rearing, the mice were sacrificed. Next, the pathological changes in the ileum and colon were observed, and the composition and diversity of the ileal and colonic microbiota was analyzed by sequencing. ResultsAfter the whole intestinal microbiota of AD mice was transplanted into normal mice, pathological analysis showed that only the ileum tissue had mucosal damage and crypt gland epithelial cell degeneration, necrosis, and shedding. Moreover, the microbiota analysis found that only the number of genera (P<0.01), Chao1 index (P<0.01) and Simpson index of ileal microbiota in normal mice decreased (P<0.01), and the composition of intestinal microbiota was quite similar to that of AD model mice. ConclusionUnder the effect of whole gut microbiota transplantation in AD mice, the diversity and composition of ileal microbiota change more than that of colonic microbiota in normal mice, and at the same time, it results in pathological damage to the ileal mucosa, indicating that the ileal microenvironment may be more closely related to the occurrence and development of AD, which is highly consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine".

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genetic etiology and prognosis in fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) in order to assist in the clinical prenatal genetic counseling and diagnosis.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 1 658 cases of singleton pregnancy (<35 years old) receiving invasive prenatal diagnosis, including karyotype analysis and/or chromosome microarray analysis or copy number variation (CNV) sequencing, due to NT value ≥2.5 mm in the first trimester in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from August 2014 to December 2021. They were divided into different groups according to the thickness of NT (≥2.5-<3.0, ≥3.0-<3.5, ≥3.5-<4.5, ≥4.5-<5.5, ≥5.5-<6.5 and ≥6.5 mm groups) and abnormal ultrasound findings (isolated increased NT group, increased NT complicated by soft markers/non-severe structural abnormality group and increased NT complicated by severe structural abnormality group). The results of invasive prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy outcomes were compared between different groups using Chi-square test and trend Chi-square test. Results:The detection rates of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes were 15.8% (262/1 658) and 17.6% (252/1 431) when the NT thickness cut-off value were 2.5 mm or 3.0 mm, respectively. Overall, the detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes increased with thickness of NT ( χ2trend=180.75, P<0.001), ranging from 6.6% (44/671) in the NT≥2.5-<3.5 mm group to 45.6% (113/248) in the NT≥5.5 mm group. The incidence of pathogenic/likely pathogenic CNV(P/LP CNV) did not increased with NT thickness ( χ2trend=3.26, P=0.071), and the highest detection rate was observed in the NT≥4.5-<5.5 mm group (9.0%, 19/211). The detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes plus P/LP CNV in the isolated NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group and NT≥3.0-<3.5 mm group were 5.3% (10/188) and 9.6% (36/375), respectively, however, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=3.06, P=0.080). The detection rates of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes plus P/LP CNV in the isolated NT≥3.5-<4.5 mm group and NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm complicated by soft markers/ non-severe structural abnormality group were 12.7% (52/410) and 24.1% (7/29), respectively, and the risk were 2.6 times (95% CI: 1.3-5.2) and 5.7 times (95% CI: 2.0-16.4) of the isolated NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group, respectively. The pregnancy termination rate increased with the NT thickness ( χ2trend=304.42, P<0.001), ranging from 10.8% (23/212) in the NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group to 90.7% (117/129) in the NT≥6.5 mm group. After exclusion of the pregnancies terminated due to numerical abnormalities of chromosomes and P/LP CNV, 87.6% (862/984) of the fetus with increased NT were born alive. Conclusions:The detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes increases with the thickness of NT. Invasive prenatal diagnosis is required for non-advance aged singleton pregnant women when fetuses present with isolated NT≥2.5 mm with or without soft markers/structural abnormalities.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 622-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992346

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in middle-aged and elderly people. In addition to motor symptoms, PD also has many non motor symptoms, such as dysosmia, constipation, cognitive impairment, etc. Among them, dysosmia is a common non motor symptom of early Parkinson′s disease. Research has confirmed that olfactory dysfunction (OD) can appear before the typical clinical symptoms of PD, which is of great significance to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, at present, the pathogenesis of OD is still unclear, and the inspection methods have not been unified, and there is no complete cure. This article reviews the latest research progress of dysosmia in Parkinson′s disease.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989189

ABSTRACT

The relationship between pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and stroke remains unclear. With the development of imaging technology, studies shows that PAVMs are an important cause of cryptogenic stroke (CS). Most PAVMs are not diagnosed until the onset of stroke. The main pathogenesis of PAVMs-related CS is paradoxical embolism and increased blood viscosity caused by iron deficiency anemia. Antiplatelet therapy and interventional therapy may have a preventive effect on recurrent stroke in such patients. This article summarizes the pathophysiological mechanism, diagnosis and treatment of PAVMs-related CS, hoping to provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of CS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To characterize the paraspinal muscles of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, and to further explore its etiology.@*METHODS@#Clinical records and paraspinal muscle biopsies at the apex vertebra region during posterior scoliosis correction surgery of 18 AIS were collected from November 2018 to August 2019. Following standardized processing of fresh muscle tissue biopsy, serial sections with conventional hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and histochemical and immunohistochemical (IHC) with antibody Dystrophin-1 (R-domain), Dystrophin-2 (C-terminal), Dystrophin-3 (N-terminal), Dystrophin-total, Myosin (fast), major histocompatibility complex 1 (MHC-1), CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD68 staining were obtained. Biopsy samples were grouped according to the subjects' median Cobb angle (Cobb angle ≥ 55° as severe AIS group and Cobb angle < 55° as mild AIS group) and Nash-Moe's classification respectively, and the corresponding pathological changes were compared between the groups statistically.@*RESULTS@#Among the 18 AIS patients, 8 were in the severe AIS group (Cobb angle ≥55°) and 10 in the mild AIS group (Cobb angle < 55°). Both severe and mild AIS groups presented various of atrophy and degeneration of paraspinal muscles, varying degrees and staining patterns of immune-expression of Dystrophin-3 loss, especially Dystrophin-2 loss in severe AIS group with significant differences, as well as among the Nash-Moe classification subgroups. Besides, infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the paraspinal muscles and tendons was observed in all the patients while CD20+ cells were null. The expression of MHC-1 on myolemma was present in some muscle fibers.@*CONCLUSION@#The histologic of paraspinal muscle biopsy in AIS had similar characteristic changes, the expression of Dystrophin protein was significantly reduced and correlated with the severity of scoliosis, suggesting that Dystrophin protein dysfunctions might contribute to the development of scoliosis. Meanwhile, the inflammatory changes of AIS were mainly manifested by T cell infiltration, and there seemed to be a certain correlation between inflammatory cell infiltration, MHC-1 expression and abnormal expression of Dystrophin. Further research along the lines of this result may open up new ideas for the diagnosis of scoliosis and the treatment of paraspinal myopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Scoliosis/surgery , Paraspinal Muscles/pathology , Dystrophin , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Kyphosis/pathology , Biopsy
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986181

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore carnosine dipeptidase 1 (CNDP1) potential value as a diagnostic and prognostic evaluator of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A gene chip and GO analysis were used to screen the candidate marker molecule CNDP1 for HCC diagnosis. 125 cases of HCC cancer tissues, 85 cases of paracancerous tissues, 125 cases of liver cirrhosis tissues, 32 cases of relatively normal liver tissue at the extreme end of hepatic hemangioma, 66 cases from serum samples of HCC, and 82 cases of non-HCC were collected. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, immunohistochemistry, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect the differences in mRNA and protein expression levels of CNDP1 in HCC tissue and serum. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Kaplan-Meier survival were used to analyze and evaluate the value of CNDP1 in the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients. Results: The expression level of CNDP1 was significantly reduced in HCC cancer tissues. The levels of CNDP1 were significantly lower in the cancer tissues and serum of HCC patients than those in liver cirrhosis patients and normal controls. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of serum CNDP1 in the diagnosis of HCC patients was 0.753 2 (95% CI 0.676-0.830 5), and the sensitivity and specificity were 78.79% and 62.5%, respectively. The combined detection of serum CNDP1 and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) significantly improved the diagnostic accuracy (AUC = 0.820 6, 95% CI 0.753 5-0.887 8). The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of serum CNDP1 for AFP-negative HCC patients were 73.68% and 68.75% (AUC = 0.793 1, 95% CI 0.708 8-0.877 4), respectively. In addition, the level of serum CNDP1 distinguished small liver cancer (tumor diameter < 3 cm) (AUC = 0.757 1, 95% CI 0.637 4-0.876 8). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that CNDP1 was associated with a poor prognosis in HCC patients. Conclusion: CNDP1 may be a potential biomarker for the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of HCC, and it has certain complementarity with serum AFP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Carnosine , alpha-Fetoproteins/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , ROC Curve
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1081-1085, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish HPLC fingerprint of Portulaca oleracea, establish quantitative analysis of multi- components by single-marker (QAMS) method for the content determination of caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin, and provide reference for quality control of the medicine. METHODS The determination was performed on Eclipse XDB-C18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.2% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was 25 °C, and detection wavelength was set at 360 nm. The sample size was 10 μL. HPLC fingerprint of P. oleracea was established according to the above chromatographic conditions. Cluster analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were performed for 15 batches of specimens. Using caffeic acid as internal standard, relative correction factors of other three components were calculated by QAMS, and then the component content was calculated on the basis of relative correction factors, which was compared with the external standard method. RESULTS HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of P. oleracea were calibrated with a total of 17 common peaks, and 4 components (caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin, quercetin) were identified; the similarities of 15 batches of samples were greater than 0.890. The results of CA showed that S1-S10 were clustered into one category, and S11-S15 were clustered into one category. The results of PCA revealed that the accumulative contribution rate of the two main components was 92.502%, and the classification results were basically consistent with CA. The linear range of caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin were 0.003 1-0.157 1, 0.003 6-0.181 7, 0.008 5-0.425 6,0.000 4-0.021 8 mg/mL (R2≥0.999 7); the results of precision, repeatability, stability (24 h) and recovery tests all complied with the requirements of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The relative correction factors of ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin calculated by QAMS were 1.534, 5.302 and 0.174; there was no significant difference in the contents of components measured between this method and the external standard method. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC fingerprint combined with QAMS can be used for the quality control of multiple index components in P. oleracea. The origin has a certain influence on the quality of P. oleracea, and the quality of P. oleracea produced in Sichuan is better than that produced in Anhui and Hebei.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 44-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969804

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is a kind of metastatic tumor whose primary origin cannot be identified after adequate examination and evaluation. The main treatment modality of CUP is empiric chemotherapy, and the median overall survival time is less than 1 year. Compared with immunohistochemistry, novel method based on gene expression profiling have improved the sensitivity and specificity of CUP detection, but its guiding value for treatment is still controversial. The approval of immune checkpoint inhibitors and pan-cancer antitumor agents has improved the prognosis of patients with CUP, and targeted therapy and immunotherapy based on specific molecular characteristics are the main directions of future research. Given the high heterogeneity and unique clinicopathological characteristics of CUP, "basket trial" is more suitable for clinical trial design in CUP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary/genetics , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Microarray Analysis , Prognosis
9.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 485-494, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many studies have demonstrated the benefit of complete multivessel revascularization versus culprit-only intervention in patients of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease. However, only a few single-center retrospective studies were performed on small Chinese cohorts. Our study aims to demonstrate the advantage of multivessel percutaneous intervention (PCI) strategy on 30-day in-hospital outcomes to patients with STEMI and multivessel disease in larger Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Acute Coronary Syndrome (CCC-ACS) project, 5935 patients with STEMI and multivessel disease undergoing PCI and hospitalized for fewer than 30 days were analyzed. After 5: 1 propensity score matching, 3577 patients with culprit-only PCI and 877 with in-hospital multivessel PCI were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of myocardial infarction, all-cause death, stent thrombosis, heart failure, and stroke.@*RESULTS@#Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that in-hospital multivessel PCI was associated with lower risk of 30-day MACCE (adjusted OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.57-0.98, P = 0.032) than culprit-only PCI and conferred no increased risk of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, or bleeding. Subgroup analysis showed that MACCE reduction was observed more often from patients with trans-femoral access (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.15-0.74) than with trans-radial access (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.16, P for interaction = 0.017).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The in-hospital multivessel PCI strategy was associated with a lower risk of 30-day MACCE than culprit-only PCI in patients with STEMI and multivessel coronary artery disease.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 339-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965704

ABSTRACT

Decoction is a classical dosage form of traditional Chinese medicines. In the process of decocting, various complex components produce physical interactions and chemical reactions, among which physical interactions include van der Waals force, hydrogen bond, electrostatic interaction, π-π stacking, etc., and chemical reactions include Maillard reaction, oxidation reaction, hydrolysis reaction, degradation reaction, polymerization reaction, etc. New substances and original ingredients from chemical reactions can be further activated. These effects form the basis of particle formation in the broth. The sizes of the particles in decoctions range from nanoscale to micron scale, mostly composed of polysaccharide, protein matrix, wrapped in water insoluble molecules, can increase the dispersion of insoluble components and the stability of unstable components, as well as reduce the volatile components and toxic components of volatile components, and ultimately achieve the purpose of efficient absorption and toxicity reduction. From the angle of physical change and chemical reaction in the process of decoction, this paper expounds the formation mechanism of particles in decoction, expounds the research method of particles, analyzes the components in particles and the interaction between components, and then explains the pharmacodynamic characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, which provides the foundation for the modernization of Chinese decoction.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985933

ABSTRACT

Standardisation and harmonisation of the detection of autoantibodies is important for the clinical application of autoantibodies. However, achieving complete standardisation is difficult and involves several challenges due to the complexity and particularity of autoantibody detection. Harmonisation is feasible and valued, but it involves all aspects and processes of autoantibody detection. Based on the consensus and practice of the clinical application of autoantibody detection in recent years, we discuss harmonisation in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Reference Standards
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971474

ABSTRACT

Ex vivo culture-amplified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied because of their capacity for healing tissue injury. MSC transplantation is a valid approach for promoting the repair of damaged tissues and replacement of lost cells or to safeguard surviving cells, but currently the efficiency of MSC transplantation is constrained by the extensive loss of MSCs during the short post-transplantation period. Hence, strategies to increase the efficacy of MSC treatment are urgently needed. Iron overload, reactive oxygen species deposition, and decreased antioxidant capacity suppress the proliferation and regeneration of MSCs, thereby hastening cell death. Notably, oxidative stress (OS) and deficient antioxidant defense induced by iron overload can result in ferroptosis. Ferroptosis may inhibit cell survival after MSC transplantation, thereby reducing clinical efficacy. In this review, we explore the role of ferroptosis in MSC performance. Given that little research has focused on ferroptosis in transplanted MSCs, further study is urgently needed to enhance the in vivo implantation, function, and duration of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Iron Overload/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971262

ABSTRACT

Objective: To propose a new staging system for presacral recurrence of rectal cancer and explore the factors influencing radical resection of such recurrences based on this staging system. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, clinical data of 51 patients with presacral recurrence of rectal cancer who had undergone surgical treatment in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and September 2022 were collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) primary rectal cancer without distant metastasis that had been radically resected; (2) pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer confirmed by multi-disciplinary team assessment based on CT, MRI, positron emission tomography, physical examination, surgical exploration, and pathological examination of biopsy tissue in some cases; and (3) complete inpatient, outpatient and follow-up data. The patients were allocated to radical resection and non-radical resection groups according to postoperative pathological findings. The study included: (1) classification of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type I: no involvement of the sacrum; Type II: involvement of the low sacrum, but no other sites; Type III: involvement of the high sacrum, but no other sites; and Type IV: involvement of the sacrum and other sites. (2) Assessment of postoperative presacral recurrence, overall survival from surgery to recurrence, and duration of disease-free survival. (3) Analysis of factors affecting radical resection of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer. Non-normally distributed measures are expressed as median (range). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Results: The median follow-up was 25 (2-96) months with a 100% follow-up rate. The rate of metachronic distant metastasis was significantly lower in the radical resection than in the non-radical resection group (24.1% [7/29] vs. 54.5% [12/22], χ2=8.333, P=0.026). Postoperative disease-free survival was longer in the radical resection group (32.7 months [3.0-63.0] vs. 16.1 [1.0-41.0], Z=8.907, P=0.005). Overall survival was longer in the radical resection group (39.2 [3.0-66.0] months vs. 28.1 [1.0-52.0] months, Z=1.042, P=0.354). According to univariate analysis, age, sex, distance between the tumor and anal verge, primary tumor pT stage, and primary tumor grading were not associated with achieving R0 resection of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer (all P>0.05), whereas primary tumor pN stage, anatomic staging of presacral recurrence, and procedure for managing presacral recurrence were associated with rate of R0 resection (all P<0.05). According to multifactorial analysis, the pathological stage of the primary tumor pN1-2 (OR=3.506, 95% CI: 1.089-11.291, P=0.035), type of procedure (transabdominal resection: OR=29.250, 95% CI: 2.789 - 306.811, P=0.005; combined abdominal perineal resection: OR=26.000, 95% CI: 2.219-304.702, P=0.009), and anatomical stage of presacral recurrence (Type III: OR=16.000, 95% CI: 1.542 - 166.305, P = 0.020; type IV: OR= 36.667, 95% CI: 3.261 - 412.258, P = 0.004) were all independent risk factors for achieving radical resection of anterior sacral recurrence after rectal cancer surgery. Conclusion: Stage of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer is an independent predictor of achieving R0 resection. It is possible to predict whether radical resection can be achieved on the basis of the patient's medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Pelvis/pathology , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920418

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study is to explore the interactive correlations and the influence of physical activity and motor skills on physical condition of adolescents, in order to provide a theoretical basis for adolescent s physical fitness promotion.@*Methods@#Random cluster sampling method was used to select 164 adolescents aged 12-14. The development of motor skills was measured by MABC 2(Movement Assessment Battery for Children 2), and physical activity was measured by ActiGraph GT3X+ type accelerometer. Physical fitness test selected "Chinese National Students Physical Fitness Standard(CNSPFS)" (for middle school students) in the 1 000/800 meters run, standing long jump and sitting forward flexion. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlations among physical activity, motor skills and physical fitness, and multiple stepwise regression was used to analyze the influence of physical activity and motor skills on physical fitness.@*Results@#There was a low degree of positive correlation between physical activity and physical condition( r=0.24-0.30, P <0.05); There was a low to moderate positive correlation between motor skills and physical condition( r=0.21-0.42, P <0.05). Physical activity and BMI could explain for 31% of cardiorespiratory endurance. Physical activity, object control and BMI could explain for 26% of muscle strength, balance skills could explain for 5% of flexibility.@*Conclusion@#There is a low to moderate correlation between physical activity, motor skills and physical fitness. Physical activity and motors skills are associated with adolescent s physical fitness level. Comprehensive interventions that promote the development of motor skills and participation in physical activity have practical significance for improving adolescents physical fitness.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914209

ABSTRACT

Background@#The association of serum retinol-binding protein (RBP) levels with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains controversial. Furthermore, few studies have investigated their relationship in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the association between serum RBP levels and NAFLD in Chinese inpatients with T2DM. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional, real-world study included 2,263 Chinese T2DM inpatients. NAFLD was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography. The subjects were divided into four groups based on RBP quartiles, and clinical characteristics were compared among the four groups. The associations of both RBP levels and quartiles with the presence of NAFLD were also analyzed. @*Results@#After adjustment for sex, age, and diabetes duration, there was a significant increase in the prevalence of NAFLD from the lowest to the highest RBP quartiles (30.4%, 40.0%, 42.4%, and 44.7% for the first, second, third, and fourth quartiles, respectively, P<0.001 for trend). Fully adjusted multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that both increased RBP levels (odds ratio, 1.155; 95% confidence interval, 1.012 to 1.318; P=0.033) and quartiles (P=0.014 for trend) were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in T2DM patients. @*Conclusion@#Increased serum RBP levels were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in Chinese T2DM inpatients. Serum RBP levels may be used as one of the indicators to assess the risk of NAFLD in T2DM patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the use of ulthera in carotid body tumor resectionMethods:From Jun 2004 to Jun 2019 at the First Hospital of China Medical University. Forty-three shamblin grade Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients were retrospectively assigned to ulthera assisted carotid body tumor resection (26 cases) and traditional carotid body tumor resection (17 cases).Results:In ulthera assisted group, the average tumor diameter was (4.0±0.6) cm, compared to (3.9±0.9) cm in traditional carotid body tumor surgery group, P=0.875. The operation time of the two group was respectively (117.6±39.8) min and (149.4±55.0) min ( P=0.005), blood loss (145.7±70.6) ml vs. (194.1±80.7) ml ( P=0.006), hospital stay was (16.8±7.5) d vs. (22.7±13.0) d ( P=0.017), and following-up period was between 6 and 180 months. One patient relapsed in ulthera assisted group. The postoperative complications occurred in 8 and 7 cases respectively. Conclusion:Ulthera assisted carotid body tumor resection helps shorten operation time, hospital stay and decrease intraoperative blood loss.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristic of prenatal serological screening in fetus with X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), and to explore the relationship between unconjugated estriol (uE 3) levels and XLI. Methods:A total of 56 fetuses with Xp22.31 microdeletion indicated by prenatal diagnosis and 70 fetuses diagnosed with trisomy 21 and 26 fetuses with trisomy 18 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College from September 2016 to June 2021 were collected. The multiples of median (MoM) values of uE 3, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during the second trimester of pregnancy were retrospectively analyzed. Prenatal diagnosis was made by amniotic fluid karyotype analysis and genome copy number variant analysis, parent genetic verification and pathogenicity analysis were performed, and maternal and infant outcomes were followed up. Results:Of 56 pregnant women with fetal Xp22.31 microdeletion, 43 underwent serological screening during the second trimester of pregnancy, of which 42 were abnormal (39 male fetuses and 3 female fetuses). The median uE 3 MoM value of 39 male fetuses [0.06 (0.00-0.21)] was lower than the normal value and significantly lower than that of fetuses with trisomy 21 [0.71 (0.26-1.27)] and fetuses with trisomy 18 [0.36 (0.15-0.84)], the difference was statistically significant ( Z=99.96, P<0.001). While the MoM values of AFP and hCG were all within the normal range. Among the 56 fetuses carrying Xp22.31 microdeletion, 45 were male fetuses and 11 were female fetuses, and the deletion fragments all involved STS gene. Eighty-nine percent (50/56) were inherited from mother (49 cases) or father (1 case), and 11% (6/56) were de novo mutations. Follow-up showed 48 live births (38 males and 10 females) and 8 chose to terminate pregnancy (7 males and 1 female). Among the 38 male newborns, 37 presented with scaly skin changes from 1 to 3 months of age, and one had no clinical manifestations until 4 months after birth. Ten female newborns had no obvious clinical manifestations. Conclusions:The decrease levels of uE 3 MoM on maternal serological screening is closely related to the higher risk of XLI in male fetuses. For pregnant women with low uE 3 in serological screening or with family history of ichthyosis, in addition to chromosomal karyotype analysis, joint detection of genomic copy number variant analysis should be recommended.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 475-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in evaluating the severity of patients infected with novel coronavirus Delta variant.Methods:A total of 28 patients infected with novel coronavirus Delta variant in designated hospital treated by the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University medical team from December 2021 to January 2022 were enrolled (23 cases of common type, 4 severe and 1 critical cases). The detailed clinical data of patients was collected. Then, Pearson's correlation analysis was used to identify the blood examination indexes which affected the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2). According to the median standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width (RDW-SD, 42.5 fL), 28 patients were divided into low RDW-SD group (≤ 42.5 fL, 16 cases) and high RDW-SD group (> 42.5 fL, 12 cases), and the immune related indexes of the two groups were compared. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of RDW-SD on the severity of illness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Results:Correlation analysis showed that RDW-SD was the only index related to PaO 2 and PaCO 2 on the first day of admission, which was negative correlation with PaO 2 ( r = -0.379, P = 0.047) and positive correlation with PaCO 2 ( r = 0.509, P = 0.006). The results of effects of different clinical characteristics on RDW-SD level showed that there was no statistically significant difference in RDW-SD between groups with different clinical characteristics (including male/female, ≥ 65 years old/< 65 years old, having/without hypertension, having/without diabetes, smoking/not smoking, having/without hyperpyrexia, with/without fever for 3 days, with/without respiratory symptoms, with/without digestive symptoms). It was suggested that RDW-SD be relatively stable and not affected by the patient's baseline level. The percentage of B cells in low RDW-SD group was higher than that in high RDW-SD group (23.01±3.01 vs. 15.34±5.34, P < 0.05), immunoglobulin G (IgG) level in low RDW-SD group was lower than that in high RDW-SD group (g/L: 11.43±3.20 vs. 15.42±1.54, P < 0.05). The area under ROC curve (AUC) of RDW-SD in evaluating severe cases was 0.83 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.59-1.06], which was close to multilobularinltration, hypo-lymphocytosis, bacterial coinfection, smoking history, hyper-tension and age (MuL BSTA score; AUC = 0.82, 95% CI was 0.51-1.12) and better than British Thoracic Society's modified pneumonia score (CURB-65 score; AUC = 0.70, 95% CI was 0.50-0.91). Conclusion:RDW-SD has significant evaluative effect on the severity of COVID-19 patients with Delta variants.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 71-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and molecular mechanisms of ginsenoside Rg1 on the expression of neuronal autophagosome-related proteins in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease(AD).Methods:Six-week-old SD rats were decapitated to prepare hippocampal brain slices.The slices were randomly divided into the blank control group, the model group, the low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration Rg1 groups, with 10 in each group.In the model group, Aβ 1-42(final concentration: 5 μmol/L)was added into an artificial cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)for 2 h treatment.The low-concentration, medium-concentration and high-concentration Rg1 groups were treated with Aβ 1-42(final concentration: 5 μmol/L)for 2 h, and then treated with Rg1(final concentrations: 60 μmol/L, 120 μmol/L, 240 μmol/L, respectively)for 3 h. The blank control group was not given any intervention drugs.At the end of intervention, histological changes of hippocampal brain slices in each group were examined via hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining.Autophagosomes in hippocampal brain slices of each group were detected using transmission electron microscopy.The expression levels of autophagy-related proteins(P62, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ), Aβ 1-42and shank protein in hippocampal brain slices of each group were detected with Western blot. Results:The results of HE staining showed that the arrangement of hippocampal neurons were disordered in the model group, with death and depletion of neurons.The arrangement and depletion of hippocampal neurons in each Rg1 group were less severe compared with the model group, with most significant improvement seen in the high-concentration Rg1 group.The results of transmission electron microscopy showed that the number of autophagosomes in brain slices in the model group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group, while each Rg1 group had fewer autophagosomes than the model group.The results of Western blot showed that, compared with the blank control group, levels of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in brain slices were decreased(all P<0.05), while levels of Aβ 1-42and LC3-Ⅱ protein were significantly increased(all P<0.05)in the model group.Compared with the model group, levels of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in brain slices were increased(all P<0.05), while levels of Aβ 1-42and LC3-Ⅱ protein were decreased( P<0.05)in each Rg1 group.These changes were the most significant in the high-concentration Rg1 group. Conclusions:Ginsenoside Rg1 may inhibit autophagy by up-regulating the expression of Shank1, P62 and LC3-Ⅰ proteins in hippocampal brain slices of rats in the AD model, thus playing protective roles in brain neurons.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effects of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform in a prehypertensive population.Methods:One hundred and fifty-eight prehypertensive patients who were examined at the Third Xiangya Hospital in Changsha, China, from August to December 2019 were randomly divided into either the experimental or control groups using the random number table method. The experimental group utilized an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform, whereas the control group utilized regular telephone and SMS health management routines. The intervention duration was 12 months for both groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square tests, χ 2 tests, and rank-sum tests. Results:Post intervention systolic blood pressure (124.79±9.71 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and diastolic blood pressure measurements (77.41±8.21 mmHg) of the participants in the experimental group were significantly lower than those before the intervention (128.29±5.10 mmHg and 79.99±6.01 mmHg, respectively), and significantly lower than those of the control group′s measurements after the intervention (130.00±7.78 mmHg and 80.33±7.90 mmHg, respectively) (all P<0.05). The blood pressure goal attainment rate was significantly higher in the experimental group (23.08%) than that of the control group (8.75%), with statistically significant differences within the experimental group before and after intervention, as well as between the groups post intervention ( P<0.05). Positive lifestyle changes, such as prehypertension knowledge score, active restriction and control of salt and oil intake, reduction of smoking, and exercising weekly, were significantly higher than those in the control group before the intervention (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The use of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform can effectively help patients with prehypertension control their blood pressure levels, improve their knowledge about the condition, and improve their lifestyle choices.

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