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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708821

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes of brain metabolism with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC).Methods This retrospective study,from January 2007 to October 2016,included 40 patients (26 males,14 females,age range:17-73 years)in the vegetative state (VS),12 patients (11 males,1 female,age range:25-53 years) in the minimally conscious state (MCS),and 11 patients (10 males,1 female,age range:12-68 years) in the state of recovering from DOC.All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging.The standardized uptake value (SUV) of multiple brain areas among 3 groups of patients was calculated and compared.One-way analysis of variance was used for data analysis.Results The SUV in different encephalic regions among 3 groups were significantly different (F values:6.214-13.642,all P<0.01) except for mesencephalon.Compared with MCS group,the SUV of cerebral cortex of VS group was lower (t values:2.263-3.548,all P<0.05).Compared with the recovered group,the SUV of cerebral cortex and cerebellum of VS group was lower (t values:1.299-5.136,all P<0.05).Compared with the recovered group,the SUV of parietal lobe,temporal lobe,occipital lobe,thalamus and cerebellum of MCS group was lower (t values:1.962-2.841,all P<0.05).Conclusion 18F-FDG PET/CT may be significant in evaluating brain function of DOC patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609112

ABSTRACT

Purpose To prepare 68Ga-NOTA-SPIO as PET/MRI dual mode imaging probe with high sensitivity and resolution,and further evaluate its in vitro and partly in vivo biological properties.Materials and Methods The precursor SPIO-PEG2000-NOTA was prepared and characterized.The precursor was radiolabeled by using one step method to prepare 68Ga-NOTA-SPIO as dual mode imaging probe.The labeling rate of the probe was determined by rapid thin-layer chromatography.Besides,the in vitro stability and lipid water partition coefficient of the probe were evaluated,and its biodistribution in normal mice was also observed.Results The precursor SPIO-PEG2000-NOTA with uniform dispersion and uniform particle size was prepared,and the dual mode probe 68Ga-NOTA-SPIO was synthesized.The labeling rate reached 99%,and the lipid water partition coefficient (Log P) was (-2.60±0.13).The radiochemical purity of the probe was higher than 95%,as it was incubated in the phosphate buffer and fetal bovine serum within 2 hours.The probe was mainly distributed in the liver and spleen of mice,and its clearance velocity in blood was fast.Conclusion The double mode probe 68Ga-NOTA-SPIO synthesized by one step method has high labeling rate with no need of purification,which has good physic-chemical properties and biocompatibility.The probe can be used in the further research of PET/MRI dual modality imaging.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620786

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy,safety and recent curative effects of delta-shaped anastomosis in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (ICBI) for gastric carcinoma.Methods Literatures in English and Chinese comparing ECBI and ICBI published up to November 2015 were searched from international and national online databases.Meta-analysis was conducted by Review Manager 5.3 soft ware.Results There are eleven studies involved,with 2020 gastric cancer patients,including,1 169 ECBI cases and 851 ICBI cases.Meta-analysis showed that there was no significant statistical differences between ECBI group and ICBI group in operative time,resection margin length,overall postoperative complications and anastomosis-related complications.(all P > 0.05).When compared to ECBI,the estimated blood loss was significantly less in ICBI,and ICBI with more retrieved lymph nodes,faster recovery of gastrointestinal function,less use of painkiller and shorter postoperative hospital stay (all P < 0.05).Conclusion ICBI is safe and feasible in treatment of gastric cancer,and has a good short-term effect.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812595

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed at determining whether berberine can enhance the antidiabetic effects and alleviate the adverse effects of canagliflozin in diabetes mellitus. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were introduced, and the combined effects of berberine and canagliflozin on glucose metabolism and kidney functions were investigated. Our results showed that berberine combined with canagliflozin (BC) increased reduction of fasting and postprandial blood glucose, diet, and water intake compared with berberine or canagliflozin alone. Interestingly, BC showed greater decrease in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels and lower total urine glucose excretion than canagliflozin alone. In addition, BC showed increased phosphorylated 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (pAMPK) expression and decreased tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) levels in kidneys, compared with berberine or canagliflozin alone. These results indicated that BC was a stronger antidiabetic than berberine or canagliflozin alone with less negative side effects on the kidneys in the diabetic mice. The antidiabetic effect was likely to be mediated by synergically promoting the expression of pAMPK and reducing the expression of TNFα in kidneys. The present study represented the first report that canagliflozin combined with berberine was a promising treatment for diabetes mellitus. The exact underlying mechanisms of action should be investigated in future studies.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Animals , Berberine , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Canagliflozin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metabolism , Kidney , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Streptozocin
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505240

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of a synthetic PET/NIRF probe,named 18F-PSVue643,on the apoptosis detection in animal models with the anti-cancer drugs therapy,and compare the advantages and disadvantages between PET and NIRF.Methods Cell apoptosis was detected by MTT and flow cytometry in vitro.Established U87MG glioblastoma xenograft tumors in nude mice were treated with retinol and paclitaxel for nine days (for PET imaging) or eleven days (for NIRF imaging) continuously.The uptake values were recorded by ROI and expressed as %ID/g.Results The apoptosis ratios in 10 and 100 nmol/L paclitaxel-treated groups were 7.4% and 7.5%,respectively,and the apoptosis ratio of the control group was 4.3%.The apoptosis could be well detected by both NIRF and PET imaging during the whole process of treatment.However,the amount of probe for PET imaging was only a half of that for optical imaging to get the same apoptosis visualization.Conclusion 18F-PSVue643 is suitable for NIRF and PET imaging in detection of apoptosis,and it may be a promising agent for further clinical studies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239234

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of solitary nodular-type bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and radiographic data were analyzed retrospectively in 30 patients with pathologically confirmed solitary nodular-type BAC who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT examinations between August, 2005 and December, 2006. The morphological and radioactive findings of the lesions were reviewed, and the maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax) were measured. The diagnostic accuracy of PET, PET/CT, and HRCT were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The (18)F-FDG SUV was markedly lower in BAC than in other well differentiated adenocarcinoma. In 19 of the BAC cases, PET showed a SUVmax of no less than 2.5, demonstrating positive changes. Of the total of 30 cases, 5 had ground glass opacity (GGO) changes, 3 exhibited mixed nodules with GGO changes around the lesions, and 22 cases presented with solid nodules. HRCT showed that BAC located often in the superior lobes of the bilateral lungs, mostly below the pleura in the surrounding lung field; the lesions were patchy or nodular with irregular shapes, showing lobulation in 22 cases, spiculation in 15 cases, pleural indentation in 21 cases, and vacuolar changes in 4 cases. The diagnostic accuracy of PET, PET/CT and HRCT for solitary nodular-type BAC was 36.67%, 93.33%, and 93.33%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The SUVmax of BAC provides only limited value for defining the nature of the lesions, but can serve as a general reference for assessing the disease activity. PET/CT, which allows both functional and imaging assessment, can be a valuable modality to reduce the misdiagnosis rate of BAC.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Diagnosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lung , Pathology , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331155

ABSTRACT

A variety of biomarkers have been identified in recent prospective and retrospective reports as being potentially predictive of venous thromboembolis (VTE), particularly idiopathic deep venous thrombosis (IDVT). This study identified a serum tumor biomarker for early screening of IDVT. A total of 128 IDVT patients (54 females and 74 males; average age: 50.9±17.4 years) were included. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), ferritin, β2-microglobulin, cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA 15-3, CA 19-9, squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), prostate specific antigen (PSA), free PSA (f-PSA), and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) in patients with IDVT were detected. Malignancies were histo- or cytopathologically confirmed. Of the 128 IDVT patients, 16 (12.5%) were found to have malignancies. Serum CEA, CA 125, CA 15-3, and CA 19-9 were found to be helpful for detecting malignancies in IDVT patients. Our study revealed a positive association between these markers and tumors in IDVT patients. On the other hand, SCC and AFP were not sensitive enough to be markers for detecting tumors in patients with IDVT. No significant differences were found in positive rates of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between tumor and non-tumor groups, and no significant difference exists in serum levels of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between the two groups. Carbohydrate antigens, CA 15-3 in particular, may be useful for differential diagnosis and prediction of malignancies in patients with IDVT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Blood , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mucin-1 , Blood , Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serpins , Blood , Venous Thrombosis , Blood , Young Adult , alpha-Fetoproteins , Metabolism
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636739

ABSTRACT

A variety of biomarkers have been identified in recent prospective and retrospective reports as being potentially predictive of venous thromboembolis (VTE), particularly idiopathic deep venous thrombosis (IDVT). This study identified a serum tumor biomarker for early screening of IDVT. A total of 128 IDVT patients (54 females and 74 males; average age: 50.9±17.4 years) were included. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), ferritin, β2-microglobulin, cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA 15-3, CA 19-9, squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), prostate specific antigen (PSA), free PSA (f-PSA), and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) in patients with IDVT were detected. Malignancies were histo- or cytopathologically confirmed. Of the 128 IDVT patients, 16 (12.5%) were found to have malignancies. Serum CEA, CA 125, CA 15-3, and CA 19-9 were found to be helpful for detecting malignancies in IDVT patients. Our study revealed a positive association between these markers and tumors in IDVT patients. On the other hand, SCC and AFP were not sensitive enough to be markers for detecting tumors in patients with IDVT. No significant differences were found in positive rates of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between tumor and non-tumor groups, and no significant difference exists in serum levels of ferritin and β2-microglobulin between the two groups. Carbohydrate antigens, CA 15-3 in particular, may be useful for differential diagnosis and prediction of malignancies in patients with IDVT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possibility of placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs) differentiation into dermal fibroblast, and the potency of PMSCs used in cutaneous wound healing and stored as seed cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enzyme digestion method was used to obtain PMSCs, and PMSCs were amplified after culture in vitro. Flow cytometry assay, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were done for MSCs identification. The induction medium composed of DMEM/F12 + 50 microg/ml VC + 100 ng/ml connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was added into the 24-well plate for 16 days induction period. Pictures were taken to record morphologic change. Immunofluorescence tests were performed to detect Vimentin, FSP-1, collagen I , collagen III, desmin and laminin expression before and after induction. At the same time osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were used to assay the differentiation ability change after induction. The induced dermal fibroblasts were frozen in liquid nitrogen and recovery and trypan blue was used to detect cell viability.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After CTGF induction, PMSCs got obvious fibroblasts morphology, the protein level of Vimentin, FSP-1, collagen I, collagen III and Laminin increased, PMSCs started to express Desmin, the dermal fibroblasts specific proteins, and osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation ability was diminished. PMSCs were successfully induced into dermal fibroblasts, and these induced cells could get a high cell viability ( more than 90% ) after recovery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PMSCs could be induced into dermal fibroblasts by CTGF in vitro. PMSCs have the potential application in skin wound healing, and can be used as seed cells of dermal fibroblasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Pharmacology , Female , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Placenta , Cell Biology , Pregnancy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of solitary nodular-type bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and radiographic data were analyzed retrospectively in 30 patients with pathologically confirmed solitary nodular-type BAC who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT examinations between August, 2005 and December, 2006. The morphological and radioactive findings of the lesions were reviewed, and the maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax) were measured. The diagnostic accuracy of PET, PET/CT, and HRCT were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The (18)F-FDG SUV was markedly lower in BAC than in other well differentiated adenocarcinoma. In 19 of the BAC cases, PET showed a SUVmax of no less than 2.5, demonstrating positive changes. Of the total of 30 cases, 5 had ground glass opacity (GGO) changes, 3 exhibited mixed nodules with GGO changes around the lesions, and 22 cases presented with solid nodules. HRCT showed that BAC located often in the superior lobes of the bilateral lungs, mostly below the pleura in the surrounding lung field; the lesions were patchy or nodular with irregular shapes, showing lobulation in 22 cases, spiculation in 15 cases, pleural indentation in 21 cases, and vacuolar changes in 4 cases. The diagnostic accuracy of PET, PET/CT and HRCT for solitary nodular-type BAC was 36.67%, 93.33%, and 93.33%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The SUVmax of BAC provides only limited value for defining the nature of the lesions, but can serve as a general reference for assessing the disease activity. PET/CT, which allows both functional and imaging assessment, can be a valuable modality to reduce the misdiagnosis rate of BAC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar , Diagnostic Imaging , Adult , Aged , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 34-38, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432931

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pitfalls of 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computer tomography (PET-CT) scan in the diagnosis of 60 patients of tuberculosis mimicking malignancy.Methods The study included 60 patients with PET-CT diagnosis of probable malignancy.Fifty patients were proved to be tuberculosis by pathological examinations and 10 were diagnosed by clinical followup.The images of whole body were acquired at 60 min after administration of 222-555 MBq 18F-FDG.The PET-CT imaging characteristics and clinical data,including lesion size,distribution,standardized uptake value (SUV) were retrospectively analyzed.After the whole body scan of PET-CT,each patient had a chest spiral CT scan for detailed observation of lung lesions.Contrast enhanced CT (CECT) was performed in 8 patients.Results (1)Thirty patients were misdiagnosed as lung cancer,14 patients as malignant lymphoma,6 patients as malignant mesothelioma,3 as intestine carcinoma,2 as bone malignancy,1 patient as hepatocarcinoma,spleen malignancy,ovarian cancer,laryngocarcinoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma respectively.(2) 90.9% (20/22) of patients showed normal level of serum CEA and 100% (13/13) of patients showed normal level of CA199.Increasing serum CA125 was found in all patients (6/6) with activeTB patients accompanied with ascites,pleural fluid and (or) pericardial effusion.(3) 93.3% (28/30)active tuberculosis showed accumulated 18F-FDG which was incorrectly interpreted as malignancy.The most common sites of TB lymphadenopathy were bilateral cervical tissues,which was accounted for 85.7%(12/14).CECT revealed characteristics of peripheral enhancement and central necrosis in tubercular lymphadenopathy,which was 87.5% (7/8).Conclusions The diverse manifestations of TB on imaging and high uptake of 18F-FDG on PET imaging result in misdiagnosis of malignancy.It is important for radiologists and nuclear medicine physicians to identify the common imaging features and patterns of TB to make a correct diagnosis.Integration of reconstruction HR CT,PET-CT and lab examinations may improve the diagnostic accuracy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643227

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes for diffuse bone marrow uptake of 18F-FDG on PET/CT scans. Methods Sixty-six patients with diffuse bone marrow uptake on whole-body FDG-PET/CT imaging were enrolled for this study. Seventy-nine healthy subjects ( with no history of tumor or recent fever) were selected as normal control. The SUVmax and SUVmean were measured in bone marrow and mediastinum in both groups. The maximum (bone marrow SUVmax/ mediastinum SUVmax) and mean value ratios (bone marrow SUVmean/ mediastinum SUVmean) were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed by one-factor variance analysis. Results With diffuse bone marrow uptake pattern of 18F-FDG, 27 were caused by injection of hematopoietic growth factor, 21 by hematopathy and 18 due to fever. SUVmeanof those three causes were 3.076±1.955, 3.633±2.405 and 2.546±0.791 respectively, each was significantly different from that of the control group (1.026±0.190; F =34.465, P<0.001). Conclusion Diffuse bone marrow uptake on FDG-PET/CT are caused by both benign and malignant reasons.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the role of let-7a-mediated gene regulation in the pathogenesis of lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two template DNA sequences were designed based on hsa-let-7a sequence in miRBase database. The let-7a expression construct and a control plasmid, namely pGenesil-let-7a and pGenesil-control, respectively, were generated by cloning the annealed oligonucleotides into pGenesil-1 and then transfected into A549 cells, which were selected by G418 to establish the lung cancer cell lines stably expressing let-7a-GFP and control-GFP. The living cells were counted by MTT assay and cell growth curves were drawn to analyze the cell proliferation. The k-Ras mRNA level was assessed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, and the expression of k-Ras protein was determined by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant vectors were verified by sequencing. The cell growth curves indicated that the proliferation of the cells transfected with pGenesil- let-7a were inhibited significantly compared with that of cells transfected with pGenesil-control and A549 cells. Semi- quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that the levels of k-Ras mRNA almost remained unchanged in cells with or without the treatments. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry demonstrated a significant decrease of k-Ras protein levels in cells transfected with pGenesil-let-7a, but not in cells transfected with pGenesil-control, when compared to A549 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>let-7a over-expression represses the expression of k-Ras protein and significantly inhibits the growth of lung cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transfection
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355089

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of positron emission tomographic-computed tomographic scanning (PET/CT) in the diagnosis of mediastinal lymph node metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and the application of PET/CT in the clinical staging of NSCLC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A hundred and fifty-eight patients with NSCLC undergoing surgical resection and mediastinoscopy received preoperative examinations with PET/CT. All the patients underwent mediastinal lymph node dissection or sampling, and the pathological results were compared with the imaging findings. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of CT and PET/CT were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Final histology was available for 937 lymph node samples (N1, N2, and N3) from 158 patients during mediastinoscopy or surgical resection. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of CT for identifying mediastinal lymph node involvement were 51.0%, 76.1%, 49.0%, and 77.6%, respectively, with an diagnostic accuracy of 68.4%. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of PET/CT were 83.7%, 89.0%, 77.4%, and 92.4%, respectively, with a diagnostic accuracy of 87.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mediastinoscopy is essential for patients with positive findings of mediastinal lymph node involvement by PET/CT, but might not be necessary in negative patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Mediastinoscopy , Mediastinum , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle Aged , Positron-Emission Tomography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642605

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively review the PET/CT imaging features of sarcoidosis and improve the diagnostic accuracy of this benign disease.Methods The PET/CT imaging characteristics and clinical data, including lesion size, distribution, standardized uptake value (SUV) and the ratio of misdiagnosis, of 11 sarcoidosis patients (5 confirmed pathologically and 6 clinically) were retrospectively analyzed.Results (1) Eleven patients had lymph node involvement:mediastinum and hilar lymphadenopathy in 11/11, supraclavicular fossa lymphadenopathy in 8/11, retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy in 8/11, pelvic cavity lymphadenopathy in 3/11.(2) Extrathoracic lesions were found in 7/11 with 4 lung involvement, 2 liver involvement, 1 parotid gland and temporalis involvement and 1 bilateral iliac and sacral bone involvement.(3) The size of the lesions ranged from 1.0 to 4.6 cm and the CT density ranged from 30 to 40 HU.The lesions in the lung are hypodense and in the liver are slightly hypo-or iso-dense.18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of all lesions was definitely increased in 6 cases; 18F-FDG uptake of some lesions was moderately or definitely increased in 2 cases, and slightly increased uptake in 3 cases.(4) The PET/CT diagnosis was consistent with the final diagnosis in 6/11.The 5 cases of misdiagnosis were malignant lymphoma (4/11) and lung cancer ( 1/11 ).Conclusions Differentiation between sarcoidosis and lymphoma in patients presenting with hilar lynphadenopathy can be difficult.Whole-body PET/CT may be helpful in the differentiation of the two diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642327

ABSTRACT

Objective The detection of malignant lymphoma with invasion in liver and spleen using PET/CT has not been well documented in the literature. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of PET/CT in this regard and to compare it with plain CT. Methods Forty-one pathologically confirmed malignant lymphoma patients with liver and spleen invasion were recruited into this study. Among all patients, there were 38 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), 2 Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and 1 gastric mucosa associated lymphoma. PET/CT imaging was recorded 1h after injection of 296~444 MBq 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Results (1) There were 30(30/41) patients with liver invasion, including hepatic nodules, mass and portal nodes. The mass was large to invade surrounding liver parenchyma. (2) There were 23(23/41) patients with spleen invasion. The spleen was enlarged and demonstrated diffused hyper-metabolism. (3) Other invasion included: lung (n=13), cortical bone and marrow (n=12), stomach (n=9), pleural (n=6), and subcutaneous soft tissue (n=5) and so on. Conclusion PET/CT could accurately diagnose the invasion in liver and spleen of malignant lymphoma, which was of potential role on the diagnosis and staging of lymphoma.

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