Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 61
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 279-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting CD52 (CD52 CAR-T) and validate the effect of CD52 CAR-T cells on CD52-positive leukemia. Methods: A second-generation CD52-targeting CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory domain was ligated into a lentiviral vector through molecular cloning. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293 T cells with a four-plasmid system. Fluorescein was used to label cell surface antigens to evaluate the phenotype of CD52 CAR-T cells after infection. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to evaluate the specific cytotoxicity of CD52 CAR-T cells to CD52-positive cell lines in vitro. Results: ①A pCDH-CD52scFv-CD8α-4-1BB-CD3ζ-GFP expressing plasmid was successfully constructed and used to transduce T cells expressing a novel CD52-targeting CAR. ②On day 6, CD52-positive T cells were almost killed by CD52-targeted CAR-T post lentivirus transduction [CD52 CAR-T (4.48 ± 4.99) %, vs Vector-T (56.58±19.8) %, P=0.011]. ③T cells transduced with the CAR targeting CD52 showed low levels of apoptosis and could be expanded long-term ex vivo. ④The CD52 CAR could promote T cell differentiation into central and effector memory T cells, whereas the proportion of T cells with a CD45RA(+) effector memory phenotype were reduced. ⑤CD52 CAR-T cells could specifically kill CD52-positive HuT78-19t cells but had no killing effect on CD52-negative MOLT4-19t cells. For CD52 CAR-T cells, the percentage of residual of HuT78-19t cells was (2.66±1.60) % at an the E:T ratio of 1∶1 for 24 h, while (56.66±5.74) % of MOLT4-19t cells survived (P<0.001) . ⑥The results of a degranulation experiment confirmed that HuT78-19t cells significantly activated CD52 CAR-T cells but not MOLT4-19t cells[ (57.34±11.25) % vs (13.06± 4.23) %, P<0.001]. ⑦CD52 CAR-T cells released more cytokines when co-cultured with HuT78-19t cells than that of vector-T cells [IFN-γ: (3706±226) pg/ml, P<0.001; TNF-α: (1732±560) pg/ml, P<0.01]. Conclusions: We successfully prepared CD52 CAR-T cells with anti-leukemia effects, which might provide the foundation for further immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
CD52 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 376-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of CD33-targeted bi-specific and tri-specific T-cell engagers on T-cell proliferation and explore their cytotoxicity on leukemia cells. Methods: The CD33-targeted bi-specific T-cell engager (CD33-BiTE) and tri-specific T-cell engager (CD33-TriTE) expression vectors were successfully constructed and expressed through a eukaryotic cell expression system. CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were purified by affinity chromatography. The effects of CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE on T cells were analyzed through in vitro experiments. Results: ① CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were successfully constructed and purified and could compete with flow cytometry antibodies for binding to the target cells. ② After 12 days of co-culture with CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE, the number of human T cells were expanded to 33.89±19.46 and 81.56±23.62 folds, respectively. CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferation of T cells than CD33-BiTE (P<0.05) . ③ Both CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE induced specific dose-dependent cytotoxicity on CD33(+) leukemia cells. ④ Compared to CD33-TriTE, leukemia cells were prone to express PD-L1 when co-cultured with T cells and CD33-BiTE. CD33-TriTE induced powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE expression vectors were constructed, and fusion proteins were expressed in eukaryotic cells. Our results support the proliferative and activating effects of BiTE and TriTE on T cells. Compared to that of CD33-BiTE, CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferative effect on T cells and a more powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/pharmacology , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 229-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929562

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to create a type of CAR-T cells that targets LMP1 antigen and study its immunotherapeutic effect on LMP1-positive hematological malignancies. Methods: To generate LMP1 CAR-T cells, a plasmid expressing LMP1 CAR was created using molecular cloning technology, and T cells were infected with LMP1 CAR lentivirus. The effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells on specific cytotoxicity against LMP1-positive tumor cell lines infected with the EB virus had been confirmed. Results: ① LMP1 protein expressing on EB virus-positive lymphoma cells surface was verified. ② The LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid was created, and LMP1 CAR-T cells were obtained by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system, with an infection efficiency of more than 80% . ③LMP1 CAR-T cells have a 4∶1 effect-to-target ratio in killing LMP1-positive lymphoma cells. The killing effect of LMP1 CAR-T cells on Raji cells was enhanced after 48 h of coculture, but there was no significant killing effect on Ramos, which are LMP1-negative lymphoma cells. ④After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells at a ratio of 1∶1 for 5 h, the degranulation effect was enhanced. The proportion of CD107a(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell treatment group was significantly higher than that in the vector-T cell group [ (13.25±2.94) % vs (1.55±0.05) % , t=3.972, P=0.017]. ⑤After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, the proportion of CD69(+) and CD25(+) T cells in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was significantly higher than that in vector-T cell group [ (7.40±0.41) % vs (3.48±0.47) % , t=6.268, P=0.003; (73.00±4.73) % vs (57.67±2.60) % , t=2.842, P=0.047]. ⑥After coculture with LMP1-positive lymphoma cells, cytokine secretion in the LMP1 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the vector-T cell group [interferon-gamma: (703±73) ng/L vs (422±87) ng/L, t=2.478, P=0.068; tumor necrosis factor-alpha: (215±35) ng/L vs (125±2) ng/L, t=2.536, P=0.064]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the LMP1 protein is only found on the surface of the EBV-positive tumor cell. Simultaneously, we created an LMP1 CAR-expressing plasmid and obtained LMP1 CAR-T cells by infecting T cells with a lentivirus packaging system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LMP1 CAR-T cells could specifically kill LMP1-positive tumor cells in vitro. The degranulation and activation effects of LMP1 CAR-T cells were enhanced after coculture with LMP1-positive tumor cells, indicating a potential clinical application.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lentivirus , Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Matrix Proteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827182

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different routes in placental mesenchymal stem cells (PMSC) on serum expression levels of IL-4, IL-17, TNF-α and IFN-γ in aplastic anemia (AA) rats.@*METHODS@#The rat model of aplastic anemia (AA rats) was established by 5-fluorouracil combined with busulfan. The rats was divided into four groups: control, experimental, PMSC-injected into the tail vein, and PMSC-injected into the medullary cavity. The general state of rats in each group was observed in detail before and after treatment. The serum levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4) , interleukin-17 (IL-17), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at week 1, 3 and 5 after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the level of IL-4 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). The levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 gradually decreased after treatment while the level of IL-4 increased. By the fifth week, the above indexes were closed to the control group (P>0.05), and the levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 in the group with PMSCs injected via the medullary cavity decrease more significantly than those group with PMSC injected via the tail vein, but level of IL-4 was not significantly different between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The level of serum hematopoietic negative regulators increase significantly, and the level of hematopoietic promoting factors decreases significantly in aplastic anemia rats. PMSC can down-regulate the level of hematopoietic negative regulators and up-regulate the level of hematopoietic promoting factors in the rats with aplastic anemia, and the inhibition of hematopoietic negative regulators by intramedullary injection is more significant than that by caudal vein injection.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Interferon-gamma , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta , Pregnancy , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 759-761, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821961

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the characteristic of height growth among preschool children with normal physique, overweight and obese, and in order to provide basis for proper physical growth intervention of preschool children.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method was used and preschool children of kindergartens in 7 cities were selected, height and weight was measured, the information of birth date and sex were collected by parents’ questionnaires. The "WHO Child Growth Standards" was used for evaluate children’s height and body mass index. ANOVA analysis and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for statistic analysis.@*Results@#There were 2 479 children who were normal weight, overweight and obese at baseline and were followed up for 2 years. The detection rate of <P25 height decreased by years(12.08%, 3.70%, 2.21%), and ≥P75 height evaluation increased among children with different physique(35.20%, 55.56%, 73.48%). Compared with normal weight children, overweight and obese children had higher average height, annual height growth value, detection rate of annual height growth value greater than 7 cm, detection rate of ≥P75 height and height annual increase rate.@*Conclusion@#Parents and practitioners in MCH should pay attention to the children’s height growth, especially on overweight and obese children. More in-depth research are needed to explore the relationship between children’s height and physique.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818368

ABSTRACT

Objective Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is a commonly infective bacterium in the hospital. This study aims to analyze its molecular epidemiological characteristics, detect the carrying rate of efflux pump and regulatory protein genes, and investigate the effects of tigecycline on the efflux pump and expression of regulatory protein genes. Methods A total of 183 A. baumannii strains were collected from inpatients of the affiliated hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2017 to March 2019. They were divided into an antimicrobial-resistant group (one or more antimicrobial-resistant strains, 139 strains) and a sensitive group (the drugs in the drug sensitivity test were all non-resistant strains, 44 strains). Repeated sequence PCR was used for homology analysis of the strains, and pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used as the gold standard for homology analysis to verify and compare some strains. PCR was used to detect the occurrence of drug resistance-related genes. Based on homology analysis, efflux pump carrying rate detection and antibiotics sensitivity test results, 6 clinical strains carrying all efflux pump genes but different resistance phenotypes were selected as experimental strains, including sensitive strains (SAB), the multidrug resistance strain (MDRAB) and the extensively drug-resistant strain (XDRAB). All strains were induced in vitro with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tigecycline. The induced strains were categorized as induction group, and the same strains cultured in LB agar without tigecycline was used as a control group. MIC was used to analyze the tigecycline susceptibility, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the gene expression of efflux pumps, such as TetB, AbaQ and regulatory proteins (AdeS and BaeS), in drug-resistant strains. Results Homology analysis showed that there were 45 clonal groups in the detected clinical isolates, with no obvious outbreak of epidemic clonal groups. Efflux pumps and regulatory proteins were widely distributed in the clinical isolates, and the expression of AdeB, TetB, AbeS, AdeS in MDRAB and XDRAB is significantly higher than that insensitive group SAB. Continuous in vitro induction with tigecycline could increase the antimicrobial resistance of some clinical strains and even significantly increase the expression levels of efflux pumps and regulatory proteins. Conclusion A. baumannii is widely distributed in the clinic, and efflux pumps and regulatory proteins might play an important role in drug resistance process. The unreasonable use of tigecycline could enhance the tolerance of A. baumannii by up-regulating the expression of some bacterial efflux pumps.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of damage of bone marrow stroma cells induced by chemotherapeutic drug on the function of normal hematopoitic cells.@*METHODS@#Senescence cells were detected by flow cytometry after SA-β-gal staining; real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of a serial molecules in bone marrow stromal cell line OP9 cells; the expression of γ-H2AX was determined by flow cytometry after histone γ-H2AX staining; the colony forming ability of hematopoietic cells was tested by colony formation assay.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of senescence cells in OP9 cells after DNR treatment was 2.24 times as much as that in untreated OP9 cells (P<0.05). Compared with normal OP9 cells, the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased by 2.73 times (P<0.01) and 0.56 times (P<0.01), and the expression levels of N-cadherin, alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), angiopoietin1 (Angpt1) and osteopontin (OPN) decreased by 69.54%(P<0.01),63.90%(P<0.01),87.41%(P<0.01)and 42.78%(P<0.01)respectively. After the co-culture with DNR-treated OP9 cells, the colony formation of normal hematopoietic cells decreased by 47.10% than that co-cultured with untreated OP9 cells (P< 0.05), meanwhile, the percentage of γ-H2AX+ cells in normal hematopoietic cells increased by 2.19 times (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After treatment with DNR, the senescence cell number of OP9 cells sgnificantly increases; the expression of TNF-α and IL-6 is up-regulated, while the expression of α-SMA, Angpt-1 and OPN is down-regulated as compared with normal OP9 cells. In addition, after co-culture of DNR-treated OP9 cells with normal hematopoietic cells, the colony formation ability of hematopoietic cells decreases and the genome instability of hematopoietic cells increases as compared with normal hematopoietic cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cells, Cultured , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Stromal Cells
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the oxidative damage of OP9 cells induced by daunorubicin (DNR) treatment.@*METHODS@#The TMRM probe was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential by flow cytometry; the reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined by flow cytometry DCFDA probe; the real-time PCR was used to detect the molecular expression of antioxidant enzyme,glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in OP9 cells; the expression of γ-H2AX was determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal OP9 cells, the positive rate of TMRM in DNR-treated OP9 cells decreased by 56.7% (P<0.05); the positive rate of DCFDA in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased by 3.52 times (P<0.01). Compared with normal OP9 cells, DNR-treated OP9 cells showed a decrease in the expression of GPX4 by 44.22% (P<0.001); the expression of GPX7 decreased by 65.7% (P<0.001); the expression of GPX8 decreased by 24.7% (P<0.001); the positive rate of γ-H2AX in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After DNR treatment, mitochondrial membrane potential of OP9 cells decreases; the level of reactive oxygen species increases; the expression of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) molecules decreases significantly; genomic instability increases obviously; the oxidative damage of cells increased.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802218

ABSTRACT

Herbgenomics is an interdisciplinary subject between traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and genomics.It is a comprehensive discipline covering multi-omics research in both medicinal organisms of TCM and the relationship of TCM to human body.It has been widely used in the research fields of medicinal model organisms,synthetic biology of TCM,identification of TCM molecules and breeding of medicinal plant cultivars,pharmacokinetics,and the study on the geoherbalism and medicinal of TCM.With the release of important documents,such as the Law of the People's Republic of China on TCM and the Outline of TCM Development Strategy(2016-2030),the Chinese medicine industry has entered a new and high-level development opportunity and the herbgenomic research area has got a landmark achievement.The training of well-rounded students and researchers is a key point for the development of TCM industry and the reform of medical colleges and universities.Therefore,the establishment of herbgenomics is particularly important for the modernization of TCM.At present,many colleges and universities have set up the course of Herbgenomics among graduate students and undergraduates,and initially formed a distinctive herbal genomics talent training system.This paper introduces the herbgenomics from the progress of the research,the development of teaching courses,the background of the textbook,the main content and key technologies of the discipline and the prospect of discipline construction,in order to provide theoretical basis and methodological support for the discipline construction,personal training and scientific research of herbgenomics.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821659

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic status of clonorchiasis sinensis in western region of Jilin Province, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the planning and strategy of prevention and control of the disease. Methods In 2017, the areas where the residents had the customs of eating Sashimi were selected as the research areas in the western region of Jilin Province, and according to the cluster sampling, 25 villages in 25 towns (each village per town) of 5 counties in the region were selected as the investigation points. The basic information of crowd was collected by a questionnaire investigation. The Kato-Katz method was used for etiological examinations. The results were analyzed statistically. Results A total of 4 980 people in the 25 villages were investigated, and 1 220 people were infected with Clonorchis sinensis. The average infection rate was 24.50%. There was a significant difference among different counties (cities, districts) in the infection rate of C. sinensis (P < 0.01), and the infection rate in Daan City was the highest (53.82%). In addition, there were significant differences between/among the gender, nation, age, educational level, and occupation in the infection rate (all P values < 0.01). The infection rate of the male was higher than that of the female, the rate of Han was higher than that of other ethnic groups, the rate of the high age group was higher than that of the low age group, the rate of the college degree group was higher than that of the other educational level groups, the rate of the cadre was higher than that of the other occupation groups, and the rate of the group who had vermifuge before the investigation was lower than that of the group who did not have vermifuge. Conclusions The western region of Jilin Province is still the highincidence area of clonorchiasis sinensis. Therefore, the comprehensive control and prevention measures, such as giving vermifuge and health education, should be strengthened in key population and areas in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777526

ABSTRACT

In this study,in-depth systematic evaluation of rat of acute kidney injury(AKI) caused by renal arteriovenous ligation was conducted to better master and apply this model for drug research. Male SD rats of 2-3 months old were employed in this study.The left kidney was removed,and the right kidney received ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h. Serum creatinine(Crea),urea nitrogen(BUN) and the renal tissue sections were assayed as the basic indicators to evaluate their renal function. The mRNA expression of inflammatory necrosis factors and apoptotic factors was used to evaluate the mechanism of molecular pathophysiological changes. The results showed that the serum Crea and BUN caused by ligation of both renal arteries and veins were significantly higher than those of rats with renal artery ligation. After renal arteriovenous ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h in rats,the serum Crea of the rats varied from less than 100 μmol·L-1 to more than 430 μmol·L-1. Among them,5 rats showed less than 100 μmol·L-1 serum Crea,20 rats with 100-200 μmol·L-1 serum Crea and 12 rats with more than 430 μmol·L-1. Rats with serum Crea between 300-430 μmol·L-1 accounted for 66.3%(122/184) of the total number of the experiment rats. After 72 h reperfusion,serum Crea in the group of Crea 370-430 μmol·L-1 continued to increase,while the serum Crea in the group of Crea 200-300 μmol·L-1 and the group of Crea 300-370 μmol·L-1 recovered quickly. No matter serum Crea was elevated or decreased,the renal tubules showed pathological changes such as vacuolar degeneration or even necrosis. The mRNA expression levels of Toll-like receptor(TLR4),tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) and interleukin(IL-6) in renal tissueswere significantly up-regulated,and the effect was most obvious in the group of serum Crea 370-430 μmol·L-1. The study indicated that the model for AKI caused by renal arteriovenous ligation and reperfusion is easy to operate,and the serum Crea and BUN have the characteristics of continuous increase,beneficial to the observation of drug effects. This acute kidney injury is mainly related to the pathophysiological response of inflammatory necrosis.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Pathology , Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Creatinine , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Tubules , Pathology , Ligation , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renal Artery , Reperfusion Injury
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 333-339, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816831

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effectiveness and adverse effects of Cyberknife stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on liver metastases from PCa.@*METHODS@#From June 2009 to September 2016, we treated 20 cases of PCa liver metastases by Cyberknife SBRT, at a total dose of 36 (30-50) Gy, on 1-3 liver metastatic lesions, for 3-5 times, with a prescription isodose line of 70-92%. We assessed the therapeutic effect according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST), calculated the survival and disease-control rates using the Kaplan-Meier method, and analyzed the adverse events based on the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events-Version 4.0 (CTCAE 4.0).@*RESULTS@#Of all the cases treated, complete response (CR) was found in 8 (40.0%), partial response (PR) in 9 (45.0%), stable disease (SD) in 2 (10.0%), and progressive disease (PD) in 1 (5.0%), with a local control rate (CR+PR) of 85.0% and a disease-control rate (CR+PR+SD) of 95.0%. Among the 14 patients with elevated PSA, 10 (71.4%) showed a significant decrease after treatment. The median follow-up time was 17 months, the 1- and 2-year survival rates were 85.0% and 15.0%, respectively, and the median survival time of the 20 patients was 16.5 months (95% CI: 12.12-22.88). Cyberknife SBRT was well tolerated in all the patients, with only a few mild adverse events (mainly grades 1 and 2 but no 4 and 5) during the whole course of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cyberknife SBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of PCa liver metastases, with a high local control rate, and capable of reducing the PSA level and raising the long-term survival rate of the patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807506

ABSTRACT

Craniosynostosis is a group of common congenital craniomaxillofacial deformities. Syndromic craniosynostosis is usually accompanied by increased intracranial pressure, craniocerebral growth restriction, craniofacial deformities and even chiari malformation. Traditional anterior or posterior skull reshaping has its drawbacks such as high surgical risk, high recurrence rate and unsatisfactory therapeutic efficacy, and so on. The operation technique of posterior cranial vault distraction is relatively simple. The treatment process is controllable, accurate and stable. It can largely expand the intracranial volume and improve the anterior and posterior skull configuration with a low risk of complications. To sum up, posterior cranial vault distraction osteogenesis can be a surgical procedure of choice when syndromic craniosynostosis is treated.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805927

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of mandibular distraction osteogenesis on masticatory function by analyzing the maximal bite force before and after surgery.@*Methods@#From May 2014 to November 2015, 22 hemifacial microsomia cases, ageing from 6 to 10 years old, underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis and their biting force data were collected. The maximal bite forces in incisor area, bilateral premolar area and molar area were measured before surgery and 1 year after surgery.@*Results@#The average maximum bite forces in the molar area of the affected side, premolar area of the affected side, incisor area, premolar area of the unaffected side, molar area of the unaffected side were (170.6±42.8)N, (141.9±34.9)N, (89.7±18.8)N, (169.3±29.0)N and (230.2± 56.4)N respectively before surgery. Statistics indicated that most patients had uneven distribution of bite force between the affected side and unaffected side before surgery. And they changed to (198.8±44.0)N, (151.8±31.1)N, (88.9±18.0) N, (167.8±26.1)N and (234.3±52.5)N respectively 1 year after surgery, showing that the bite force in the molar area of the affected side was significantly improved by the surgery(P<0.05). Regression analysis showed that the postoperative bite force distribution had a tendency to become more symmetrical in hemifacial microsomia patients.@*Conclusions@#Mandibular distraction osteogenesis can improve the bite force of the affected side in hemifacial microsomia patients and enhance the balance of masticatory in the long-term postoperatively.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776915

ABSTRACT

Notopterygium incisum (QH) has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and volatile oils may be its mainly bioactive constituents. The present study was designed to analyze the volatile compounds in QH and to determine the anti-arthritic capacity of Notopterygium volatile oils and the potential mechanism of action. The volatile compounds analysis was conducted by GC-MS. The anti-arthritic capacity test of the volatile oils was conducted on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. The anti-inflammatory property was tested in NO release model in RAW 264.7 cells. Endothelial cells were used to evaluate the anti-proliferative and anti-tube formative effects. 70 compounds were analyzed by GC-MS in the volatile oils. Notopterygium volatile oils weakened the rat AIA in a dose-dependent manner (2, 4, and 8 g crude drug/kg). The NO production by RAW 264.7 was decreased by more than 50% in Notopterygium volatile oils (5, 15, and 45 μg·mL) pretreated groups. Notopterygium volatile oils also inhibited EAhy926 cell proliferation and further delayed EAhy926 cell capillary tube formation in a concentration-dependent manner. The anti-NO productive, anti-proliferative, and anti-tube formative effects of Notopterygium volatile oils strongly suggested that the therapeutic effect of QH in AIA might be related to the potent anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic capacities of the volatile oils.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Chemistry , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Apiaceae , Chemistry , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Male , Mice , Nitric Oxide , Allergy and Immunology , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1589-1597, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the differentially expressed proteins at the early stage of K562 cells treated with meisoindigo by using tandem mass tags (TMT)-based proteomics technology, and to explore the mechanism for meisoindigo-inducing apoptosis.@*METHODS@#The half inhibitory concentration (IC) of mesoindigo on K562 cells was determined by CCK8. The flow cytometry was used to assay the apoptosis of K562 cells treated by meisoindigo or DMSO. Total proteins were extracted from the cells treated with 0.2% DMSO (control) or 20 μmol/L meisoindigo (Test) for 2 hours. Then, the TMT-labeling HPLC-MS/MS was used to identify and quantify the peptides and their abundance, all the tests were repeated for 3 times. The Mascot software was used to identify the proteins; the GO annotations, enrichment and cluster analysis were used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins.@*RESULTS@#Meisoindigo-induced K562 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.98), 5 544 proteins were identified, 4792 of which were quantified. The protein with expression difference>1.5-folds in Test group accoanted for 8, out of which the expression of 4 proteins were up-regulated and 4 were down-regulated. The differentially expressed proteins mainly associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS).@*CONCLUSION@#Several proteins including DDIT4 were found to have dramatic changes in the early stage of K562 cells treated with meisoindigo by using quantitative proteomics technology. The ROS metabolic process may play important roles in meisoindigo-inducing apoptosis of K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , Indoles , K562 Cells , Proteomics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812337

ABSTRACT

Notopterygium incisum (QH) has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and volatile oils may be its mainly bioactive constituents. The present study was designed to analyze the volatile compounds in QH and to determine the anti-arthritic capacity of Notopterygium volatile oils and the potential mechanism of action. The volatile compounds analysis was conducted by GC-MS. The anti-arthritic capacity test of the volatile oils was conducted on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. The anti-inflammatory property was tested in NO release model in RAW 264.7 cells. Endothelial cells were used to evaluate the anti-proliferative and anti-tube formative effects. 70 compounds were analyzed by GC-MS in the volatile oils. Notopterygium volatile oils weakened the rat AIA in a dose-dependent manner (2, 4, and 8 g crude drug/kg). The NO production by RAW 264.7 was decreased by more than 50% in Notopterygium volatile oils (5, 15, and 45 μg·mL) pretreated groups. Notopterygium volatile oils also inhibited EAhy926 cell proliferation and further delayed EAhy926 cell capillary tube formation in a concentration-dependent manner. The anti-NO productive, anti-proliferative, and anti-tube formative effects of Notopterygium volatile oils strongly suggested that the therapeutic effect of QH in AIA might be related to the potent anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic capacities of the volatile oils.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Chemistry , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Apiaceae , Chemistry , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Male , Mice , Nitric Oxide , Allergy and Immunology , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699942

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether the quality insurance verification of Cyberknife Synchrony meet the clinical requirements of 3D tumor motion. Methods CT images were collected with modified Sunchrony phantom, and then a Synchrony E2E treatment plan was developed.A ball-cube with EBT film was loaded on the bed,and then placed in different movement directions to implement phantom verification plan.E2E film analysis software was used for film analysis to obtain the tracking error. Results The treatment accuracy of Synchrony in one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional directions were 0.91, 1.03 and 0.90 mm respectively. Conclusion The present quality assurance validation method of Synchrony meets the demand of clinical three-dimensional tumor motion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 619-625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709572

ABSTRACT

Objective To acknowledge the NALP3 inflammasome expression and significance in the interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/PBS).Methods The urine of 16 IC/BPS patients and 16 normal persons was collected to measure the IL-1β content by ELISA.Bladder tissue of 16 IC/BPS patients and para-carcinoma tissue of 16 bladder cancer patients were collected.And the levels of NALP3,caspase1 and IL-1β were detected by Western Blot.60 female rats were randomly divided into control group(bladder was infused with 0.5 ml saline),hyaluronidase group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml)],NALP3 antagonist group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml) and Glyburide(10 mg/kg)] and mucosal protectant group [bladder was infused with 0.5 ml hyaluronidase (4 mg/ml) and sodium hyaluronate(0.8 mg/ml)] to carried out the animal experiment,and 15 rats in each group.The models were created by long-term (1 month) intermittent intravesical hyaluronidase infusion.Voiding patterns were investigated by cystometry.Toluidine blue staining was used to detected mast cell’s changes.The levels of NALP3,caspase-1 and IL-1β were determined by Western Blot,HE staining was to detect tissue inflammation of the bladder,and the severity of pain was examined by Von-frey brush by using the strength of 0.07、0.4、1.0 g.The comparison between the chemotaxis of 200 ng,400 ng IL-1β and 200ng SCF IL-1β to mast cells was checked by Transwell experiment.Results The expressions of IL-1β in IC/PBS patients was increased in IC/PBS group than normal control group [(381 ± 112) μg/L vs.(98 ± 40) μg/L,P <0.01].The expressions of NALP3,Caspase-1 and IL-lβ had increased in the IC/PBS group than normal group(0.22 ±0.08 vs.0.11 ±0.02,0.25 ±0.03 vs.0.10 ±0.01,0.19 ±0.04 vs.0.11 ± 0.02,P < 0.05)by Western Blot.In the IC/PBS rats,compared with the control group,the intercontraction intervals [(120.0 ± 15.6) s vs.(447.3 ± 24.6) s] and bladder capacity [(0.34 ± 0.02) ml vs.(1.33 ± 0.04) ml] of the model group were significantly decreased (both P < 0.05).In mucosal protectant group and NALP3 antagonist group,the intercontraction intervals [(323 ± 16.3)s,(280 ± 12.5)s] and bladder capacity [(1.14 ± 0.05) ml,(0.84 ± 0.04) ml] were increased compared with control group (P < 0.05).The amount of mast cell in model group were significantly increased than control group (3.4 ±0.8 vs.0.4 ± 0.2,P < 0.05) while in mucosal protectant group (1.8 ± 0.5) and NALP3 antagonist group (1.5 ± 0.7) were decreased compared with control group (P < 0.05).The protein levels in modle group of NALP3 (5.91 ±0.33 vs.1.00 ±0.12),caspase-1 (6.75 ±0.42 vs.1.00 ±0.22) and IL-1β(7.12 ±0.45 vs.1.00 ± 0.18)were increased than control group.In mucosal protectant group and NALP3 antagonist group,theNALP3 (2.921 ±0.21,2.07±0.18),caspase-1 (3.28 ±0.31,2.25 ±0.19) and IL-1β(3.33± 0.41,1.98 ±0.21) were decreased compared with control group.VonFrey pain score in model group were significantly increased than control group(0.07 g:7.5 ± 1.8 vs.2.1 ± 0.5,0.4 g:9.2 ± 1.9 vs.5.2 ± 1.1,1.0g:15.4±3.8 vs.6.8±1.5,P<0.05) and VonFrey pain score(0.07 g:2.4±0.3,2.8± 0.7;0.4 g:5.2 ±0.4,6.5 ±1.3;1.0 g:6.4 ±0.8,7.3 ±1.1;P<0.05) in NALP3 antagonist group were significantly decreased.In vitro,Transwell experimental results showed that 400 ng IL-1β of mast cell chemotaxis is similar with that of the 200 ng SCF (3 800 ±400 vs.4 800 ±500,P >0.05).Conclusions The levels of NALP3/Caspase-1/IL-1β in the urine of patients with IC/PBS were significantly higher than those in normal control group.NALP3 is activated in chronic cystitis rat model,and related to pain and frequent urination.This may be related to the down-regulation of expression of NALP3,caspase-1,IL-1β,and other inflammatory mediators,and blocking the chemotactic effects of IL-1 β on mast cells.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1621-1626, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of c-FLIP expression on drug resistance of Kasumi-1 leukemia cells and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tet-on inducible system was used to construct the conditional expression vector of c-FLIP by cloning the c-FLIP gene into lentivirus vector pLVX-Tight-Puro, then the Kasumi-1 cells were transfected with lentivirus pLVX-Tight-Puro-c-FLIP. The expression of c-FLIP was induced by doxycycline(Dox) for different time and doses, and verified by qRT-PCR and Western blot. On the basis of the overexpression of c-FLIP, the Kasumi-1-c-FLIP cells were treated with CH11 and PB in order to induce apoptosis, and the Giemsa staining was used to show the apoptotic cell morphology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>qRT-PCR and Western blot showed the overexpression of c-FLIP, the CH11 and PB can induce Kasumi-1 cell apoptosis, while the c-FLIP overexpression weakened this effects. Western blot showed that the c-FLIP blocked the caspase-8 activation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The overexpression of c-FLIP inhibits the apoptosis caused by CH11 and PB, and leads to drug resistance in leukemia cells.</p>

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL