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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 62-69, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013591

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of menthol on hypobaric hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension and explore the underlying mechanism in mice. Methods 10 to 12 weeks old wild type (WT) mice and TRPM8 gene knockout (TRPM8

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 751-764, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011259

ABSTRACT

Recent progress in targeted metabolic therapy of cancer has been limited by the considerable toxicity associated with such drugs. To address this challenge, we developed a smart theranostic prodrug system that combines a fluorophore and an anticancer drug, specifically 6-diazo-5-oxo-l-norleucine (DON), using a thioketal linkage (TK). This system enables imaging, chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and on-demand drug release upon radiation exposure. The optimized prodrug, DON-TK-BM3, incorporating cyanine dyes as the fluorophore, displayed potent reactive oxygen species release and efficient tumor cell killing. Unlike the parent drug DON, DON-TK-BM3 exhibited no toxicity toward normal cells. Moreover, DON-TK-BM3 demonstrated high tumor accumulation and reduced side effects, including gastrointestinal toxicity, in mice. This study provides a practical strategy for designing prodrugs of metabolic inhibitors with significant toxicity stemming from their lack of tissue selectivity.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 166-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005434

ABSTRACT

A novel pair of Z/E isomeric compounds with unprecedented carbon skeleton were isolated from an aqueous extract of Aspongopus chinensis Dallas by macroporous resin, silica gel, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Infrared spectroscopy (IR), Mass spectroscopy (MS) and other spectroscopic methods as (Z)-3-(but-1″-en-1″-yl)-1-(2ʹ-hydroxyethyl)-4-propylpyridin-1-ium, namely aspongopyridine A, and (E)-3-(but-1″-en-1″-yl)-1-(2ʹ-hydroxyethyl)-4-propylpyridin-1-ium, namely aspongopyridine B, respectively. Besides, the anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, acetylcholinesterase inhibition and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activities of the compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 have no anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activities instead of weak acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 521-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975135

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of anodal or cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (atDCS and ctDCS) on upper limb function of stroke patients with moderate to severe upper extremity impairment. MethodsFrom January to September, 2022, 69 patients in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University were randomly divided into control group (n = 23), atDCS group (n = 23) and ctDCS group (n = 23). All the groups received conventional rehabilitation. Moreover, atDCS group received atDCS over the M1 area of the affected hemisphere, ctDCS group received ctDCS over the M1 area of the unaffected hemisphere, and the control group received placebo stimulation. Before and four weeks after treatment, they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and modified Barthel index (MBI). ResultsBefore treatment, there was no significant difference in the scores of FMA-UE, WMFT and MBI among groups (F < 1.165, P > 0.05). After treatment, all the scores improved significantly in all the groups (|t| > 6.412, P < 0.001), and were higher in the atDCS group and ctDCS group than in the control group (P < 0.05), however, no significant difference was found between the atDCS group and ctDCS group (P > 0.05). ConclusionBoth atDCS and ctDCS could improve the upper limb motor function and activities of daily living of stroke patients with moderate to severe upper extremity impairment.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore KRAS, NRAS, BRAF gene mutations and microsatellite instability(MSI) in colorectal cancer tissues as well as their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 473 colorectal cancer patients in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from October 2020 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The mutation status of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF gene in the paraffin tissues were detected by using amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) method. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-capillary electrophoresis was used to analyze MSI status, and the correlation of the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with gene mutations and MSI status was analyzed.Results:The mutation rates of KRAS, NRAS and BRAF were 45.03% (213/473), 2.96% (14/473) and 5.50% (26/473), respectively in 473 patients with colorectal cancer. No case harbored both 2 gene mutations was detected. The mutation rate of KRAS gene in well differentiated adenocarcinoma was higher than that in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma [47.4% (175/369) vs. 36.5% (38/104), χ2 = 3.89, P = 0.049]. NRAS mutation rate in female was higher than that in male [5.0% (10/202) vs. 1.5% (4/271), χ2 = 4.86, P = 0.027], and the NRAS mutation rate in patients with tumor diameter ≤ 3 cm was higher than that in those with tumor diameter >3 cm [7.1% (7/98) vs. 1.9% (7/375), P = 0.013]. BRAF mutation rate of tumors located in colon was higher than that in rectum [11.7% (20/171) vs.2.0% (6/302), χ2 = 19.81, P < 0.001]; BRAF mutation rate in poorly differentiated tumor was higher than that in well differentiated tumor [10.6% (11/104) vs. 4.1% (15/369), χ2 = 6.62, P = 0.010]; BRAF mutation rate in patients with mucus was higher than that in those without mucus [10.9% (11/101) vs. 4.0% (15/372), χ2 = 7.19, P = 0.007]; BRAF mutation rate in patients with lymphatic metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymphatic metastasis [8.2% (15/182) vs.3.8% (11/291), χ2 = 4.29, P = 0.038]. The incidence of high frequency MSI (MSI-H) in 473 colorectal cancer tissues was 7.19% (34/473). The incidence of MSI-H in colon was higher than that in rectum [14.0% (24/171) vs. 3.3% (10/302), χ2 = 18.82, P < 0.001]; the incidence of MSI-H in patient with poor differentiated tumor was higher than that in those with well differentiated tumor [17.3% (18/104) vs. 4.3% (16/369), χ2 = 20.46, P < 0.001]; the incidence of MSI-H in patients with mucus was higher than that in those without mucus [11.9% (12/101) vs. 5.9% (22/372), χ2 = 4.24, P = 0.039]; and the incidence of MSI-H in patients without lymphatic metastasis was higher than that in patients with lymphatic metastasis [10.0% (29/291) vs. 2.7% (5/182), χ2 = 8.75, P = 0.003]. In addition, the incidence of MSI-H was on the rise in patients with BRAF mutation ( P < 0.001). Conclusions:KRAS, NRAS, BRAF gene mutations and MSI status are correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer; there is a close relationship between MSI-H and BRAF mutation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 219-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the concept and procedures of precise flap surgery in construction of knee defects and to report the preliminary clinical outcomes.Methods:The data of 16 patients with knee defects at 17 sides were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated under the guidance of the concept of precise flap surgery at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The 920th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of PLA from August 2014 to March 2022. There were 12 males and 4 females, aged 44(34, 54) years. The wounds were at the left side in 8 cases, at the right side in 7 ones and at bilateral sides in one, and their sizes ranged from 5 cm×3 cm to 15 cm×11 cm. The time from injury to surgery was 8.5(6.0, 13.0) days. Optimal repair protocols were chosen after the donor and recipient sites were evaluated according to the methods of precise flap surgery: a retrograde anterolateral thigh flap in 7 sides, a descending genicular artery perforator flap in 3 ones, a saphenous artery flap in 2 ones, and a superior genicular lateral artery perforator flap, a popliteal artery perforator flap, a medial sural perforator propeller flap, a peroneal artery perforator propeller flap, and a randomized flap in one, respectively. The flap sizes ranged from 10 cm×6 cm to 15 cm×15 cm. The outcomes and complications of skin flap repair, and functional recovery of the affected limb were recorded.Results:All the flaps at 17 sides survived after surgery; 3 cases developed distal edge necrosis which responded to dressing change. The follow-ups for the 16 patients were 14.5(10.0, 28.0) months. All the flaps presented with good color, texture and contour. Flap bulking, local osteomyelitis, and scar ulcer was found in one case respectively. According to the revascularization assessments in the digital replantation criteria by Hand Surgery Society, Chinese Medical Association, all the flaps at 17 sides were excellent. Accoding to the knee functional evaluation of Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) at the last follow-up, the 17 affected limbs scored 86(80,91) points, yielding 9 excellent, 7 good and 1 fair sides.Conclusion:Although the defects and donor sites around the knee vary greatly, precise flap surgery may lead to effective control of the variations, choice of an optimal reconstruction protocol, and precise wound repair.

7.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 306-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989355

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the genetic characteristics and genetic evolution of echovirus 30 (ECHO30) isolates in Yunnan Province, China.Methods:Virus isolation was performed on nucleic acid-positive samples for hand, foot, and mouth disease pathogen surveillance in Yunnan Province, and VP1 gene sequencing was performed. The sequences of eight ECHO30 isolates from Yunnan Province and the gene sequences of the VP1 region of the ECHO30 reference strain downloaded from GenBank were compared and analyzed using MEGA 5.0 software, and then a phylogenetic tree was constructed to measure the homology of nucleotides and amino acids between the isolates.Results:The ECHO30 virus was distributed in Wenshan, Qujing, Chuxiong, and Kunming in Yunnan Province. The ECHO30 virus was relatively common in Wenshan. ECHO30 isolates belonged to the H2 subtype of the H genotype, which was close to the local reference strain LC120939 in Yunnan Province. On the VP1 gene at site 5, the amino acid change ratio was more active, the amino acids were diverse, and mutations also occurred at sites 54, 156, 258, and so on. Nucleotide and amino acid homology were 84.0% - 100.0% and 98.4% - 100.0%, respectively.Conclusions:ECHO30 isolates from Yunnan Province have certain geographical characteristics and belong to H2 of the H genotype. The nucleotide differences in virus sequences among subtypes are small and have a close genetic relationship.

8.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 584-592, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall (EHC), a Xizang medicinal plant traditionally used for treating liver diseases, can improve imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining were used to determine the effects of topical EHC use in vivo on the skin pathology of imiquimod-induced psoriasis in mice. The protein levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in mouse skin samples were examined using immunohistochemical staining. In vitro, IFN-γ-induced HaCaT cells with or without EHC treatment were used to evaluate the expression of keratinocyte-derived intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and chemokine CXC ligand 9 (CXCL9) using Western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide and proteasome inhibitor MG132 were utilized to validate the EHC-mediated mechanism underlying degradation of ICAM-1 and CXCL9.@*RESULTS@#EHC improved inflammation in the imiquimod-induced psoriasis mouse model and reduced the levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-17A in psoriatic lesions. Treatment with EHC also suppressed ICAM-1 and CXCL9 in epidermal keratinocytes. Further mechanistic studies revealed that EHC suppressed keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9 by promoting ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated protein degradation rather than transcriptional repression. Seven primary compounds including ehletianol C, dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol, herpetrione, herpetin, herpetotriol, herpetetrone and herpetetrol were identified from the EHC using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical application of EHC ameliorates psoriasis-like skin symptoms and improves the inflammation at the lesion sites. Please cite this article as: Zhong Y, Zhang BW, Li JT, Zeng X, Pei JX, Zhang YM, Yang YX, Li FL, Deng Y, Zhao Q. Ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall ameliorates psoriasis-like skin inflammation and promotes degradation of keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 584-592.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Ligands , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Keratinocytes , Inflammation/drug therapy , Chemokines/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4275-4294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008026

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to prepare tandem multimeric proteins of BmSPI38, a silkworm protease inhibitor, with better structural homogeneity, higher activity and stronger antifungal ability by protein engineering. The tandem multimeric proteins of BmSPI38 were prepared by prokaryotic expression technology. The effects of tandem multimerization on the structural homogeneity, inhibitory activity and antifungal ability of BmSPI38 were explored by in-gel activity staining of protease inhibitor, protease inhibition assays and fungal growth inhibition experiments. Activity staining showed that the tandem expression based on the peptide flexible linker greatly improved the structural homogeneity of BmSPI38 protein. Protease inhibition experiments showed that the tandem trimerization and tetramerization based on the linker improved the inhibitory ability of BmSPI38 to microbial proteases. Conidial germination assays showed that His6-SPI38L-tetramer had stronger inhibition on conidial germination of Beauveria bassiana than that of His6-SPI38-monomer. Fungal growth inhibition assay showed that the inhibitory ability of BmSPI38 against Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans could be enhanced by tandem multimerization. The present study successfully achieved the heterologous active expression of the silkworm protease inhibitor BmSPI38 in Escherichia coli, and confirmed that the structural homogeneity and antifungal ability of BmSPI38 could be enhanced by tandem multimerization. This study provides important theoretical basis and new strategies for cultivating antifungal transgenic silkworm. Moreover, it may promote the exogenous production of BmSPI38 and its application in the medical field.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Bombyx/chemistry , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Peptide Hydrolases
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1026-1030, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of Modic changes and its influence on lumbar interbody fusion.@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature related to Modic changes and its influence on lumbar interbody fusion was extensively reviewed. The etiology of Modic changes was summarized, and the treatment measures of Modic changes on lumbar interbody fusion were discussed.@*RESULTS@#The etiology of Modic changes is not clear, which may be related to mechanical factors, autoimmune factors, low toxic infection factors, and genetic factors. Modic changes may lead to fusion failure and cage subsidence after lumbar interbody fusion. Preoperative evaluation of endplate sclerosis, reduction of iatrogenic endplate injury, fine operating of intervertebral space, management of osteoporosis, and selection of appropriate cage can prevent or reduce fusion failure or cage subsidence.@*CONCLUSION@#Modic changes may lead to fusion failure and cage subsidence after lumbar interbody fusion, and active perioperative intervention of Modic changes is helpful to improve the clinical prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lumbosacral Region/surgery , Osteoporosis , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Failure
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5727-5749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008771

ABSTRACT

Guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids are a class of terpenoids with [5,7] ring-fused system as the basic skeletal structure composed of three isoprene units, which are substituted by 4,10-dimethyl-7-isopropyl. According to the difference in functional groups and degree of polymerization, they can be divided into simple guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids, sesquiterpene lactones, sesquiterpene dimers, and sesquiterpene trimers. Natural guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids are widely distributed in plants, fungi, and marine organisms, especially in families such as Compositae, Zingiberaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Lamiaceae, and Alismataceae. Guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids have good antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and neuroprotective effects. In this paper, the novel guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids isolated and identified in recent 10 years(2013-2022) and their biological activities were reviewed in order to provide refe-rences for the research and development of guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes, Guaiane , Asteraceae/chemistry , Sesquiterpenes
12.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 326-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972769

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the differences between residents who did and who did not participate in a community colorectal cancer screening based on the results of their colorectal colonoscopy and explore the reasons. MethodsThe residents who underwent a colonoscopy in a central hospital in Shanghai from 2017 to 2020 were divided into two groups according to whether they had been screened in the community, and t test and χ2 test were used to compare the results of the colonoscopy (detection of lesions) of the examinees with different ages, genders, whether they had a history of colorectal cancer, and whether they had been screened in the community. The correlation between whether they had participated in the community screening and the detection of lesions was analyzed by the logistic regression model. ResultsFrom 2017 to 2020, the hospital had performed a colonoscopy for 6 389 people, and 3 623 lesions were detected, with a detection rate of 56.71%. There were 413 residents who had been screened in the community, accounting for 6.46% of the total number of those receiving a colonoscopy. 243 patients were found with pathological changes, with a detection rate of 58.84%. Compared with the residents who did not participate in the community screening, the proportion of adenoma and polyp was higher in those who had participated in the screening (χ2=50.44, P<0.001). Among the residents without a history of colorectal cancer, the proportion of adenoma and polyp was higher in those who had participated in the community primary screening (χ2=51.86, P<0.001). Among the residents who had not participated in the community screening, the proportion of residents with colorectal cancer history was higher (χ2=74.33, P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that there was no correlation between participation in community screening and detection of any lesions by colonoscopy (OR=0.905, 95%CI: 0.734‒1.117) or detection of colorectal cancer related lesions (OR=1.113, 95%CI: 0.901‒1.375). ConclusionThe proportion of residents who have participated in community screening among patients undergoing colonoscopy is low, but the asymptomatic population initially screened by the community and the symptomatic population not initially screened by the community are homogeneous, and the detection rate of precancerous lesions such as adenomas and polyps is high. It is suggested that local measures should be taken to improve residents' colonoscopy response rate, so as to obtain better screening benefits.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 770-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970547

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the effect of Erjing Pills on the improvement of neuroinflammation of rats with Alzheimer's di-sease(AD) induced by the combination of D-galactose and Aβ_(25-35) and its mechanism. SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, a model control group, a positive drug group(donepezil, 1 mg·kg~(-1)), an Erjing Pills high-dose group(9.0 g·kg~(-1)), and an Erjing Pills low-dose group(4.5 g·kg~(-1)), with 14 rats each group. To establish the rat model of AD, Erjing Pills were intragastrically administrated to rats for 5 weeks after 2 weeks of D-galactose injection. D-galactose was intraperitoneally injected into rats for 3 weeks, and then Aβ_(25-35) was injected into the bilateral hippocampus. The new object recognition test was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats after 4 weeks of intragastric administration. Tissues were acquired 24 h after the last administration. The immunofluorescence method was used to detect the activation of microglia in the brain tissue of rats. The positive expressions of Aβ_(1-42) and phosphory protein Tau~(404)(p-Tau~(404)) in the CA1 area of the hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in the brain tissue were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors 3(NLRP3) pathway-associated proteins in the brain tissue were determined by Western blot. The results showed that as compared with the sham group, the new object recognition index of rats in the model control group decreased significantly, the deposition of Aβ_(1-42) and p-Tau~(404) positive protein in the hippocampus increased significantly, and the levels of microglia activation increased significantly in the dentate gyrus. The levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the hippocampus of the model control group increased significantly, and the expression levels of TLR4, p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3 proteins in the hippocampus increased significantly. Compared with the model control group, the Erjing Pill groups enhanced the new object recognition index of rats, decreased the deposition of Aβ_(1-42) and the expression of p-Tau~(404) positive protein in the hippocampus, inhibited the activation of microglia in the dentate gyrus, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the hippocampus, and down-regulated the expression levels of TLR4, p-NF-κB P65/NF-κB P65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3 proteins in the hippocampus. In conclusion, Erjing Pills can improve the learning and memory ability of the rat model of AD presumably by improving the activation of microglia, reducing the expression levels of neuroinflammatory factors IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6, inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 neuroinflammation pathway, and decreasing hippocampal deposition of Aβ and expression of p-Tau, thereby restoring the hippocampal morphological structure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , NF-kappa B , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Galactose , Interleukin-6 , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0491, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423533

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: This year is the year of the soccer World Cup. With the adult team unable to participate in the World Cup, society's attention has turned to college soccer. However, as a highly aggressive sport, soccer will inevitably cause various sports injuries. Objective: Investigate the causes and characteristics of sports injuries of young school soccer players in some areas of China, and propose measures to prevent and control sports injuries. Methods: A total of 1024 adolescents aged 6 to 17 years were research volunteers; the causes and characteristics of sports injuries of these young college soccer players were investigated through field investigation, questionnaire survey, expert interview, and mathematical analysis. Results: The results of the survey show that 73.2% (750 people) of the respondents have suffered sports injuries, among which the common injuries in elementary school (6-12 years old) are knee and upper limb joints, and the common injuries in middle school (12-17 years old) are mainly ankle and knee joints, with the same characteristics as adult players. The degree of injury in different segments is the same, with mild injuries being the most common, followed by moderate and severe. As the learning period increased, the mild injuries decreased significantly, while the moderate and severe injuries showed an increasing trend. Most injuries occurred in the summer, with the injury rate during training significantly higher than during competition. The causes of injuries are different in different age groups. Conclusion: Young school soccer players are prone to sports injuries in the sporting process, and specific preventive measures are needed to prevent these injuries from causing adverse effects on young players. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Este ano é o ano da Copa do Mundo de futebol. Com o time adulto impossibilitado de participar da Copa do Mundo, a atenção da sociedade voltou-se para o futebol universitário. Entretanto, o futebol, como um esporte altamente agressivo, inevitavelmente causará várias lesões esportivas. Objetivo: Investigar as causas e características das lesões esportivas de jovens jogadores de futebol escolar em algumas áreas da China, propondo medidas de prevenção e controle das lesões esportivas. Métodos: Um total de 1024 adolescentes entre 6 e 17 anos foram voluntários de pesquisa, as causas e características das lesões esportivas desses jovens jogadores de futebol universitário foram investigadas por meio de investigação de campo, pesquisa de questionário, entrevista com especialistas e análise matemática. Resultados: Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que 73,2% (750 pessoas) dos entrevistados sofreram lesões esportivas, entre as quais as lesões comuns na escola primária (6-12 anos de idade) são as articulações do joelho e membros superiores, e as lesões comuns na escola média (12-17 anos de idade) são principalmente as articulações do tornozelo e joelhos, com as mesmas características dos jogadores adultos. O grau de lesão em diferentes segmentos é o mesmo, sendo as lesões leves as mais comuns, seguidas de moderadas e severas. Com o aumento do período de aprendizagem, as lesões leves diminuíram significativamente, enquanto as moderadas e severas mostraram uma tendência crescente. A maioria das lesões ocorreu no verão, sendo a taxa de lesões durante o treinamento significativamente maior do que durante a competição. As causas das lesões são diferentes em diferentes faixas etárias. Conclusão: Os jovens jogadores de futebol escolar são propensos a lesões esportivas no processo esportivo, sendo necessárias as medidas preventivas específicas para evitar que essas lesões causem os efeitos adversos nos jovens jogadores. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Este año es el año del Mundial de Fútbol. Ante la imposibilidad de que la selección adulta participe en el Mundial, la atención de la sociedad se ha dirigido al fútbol universitario. Sin embargo, el fútbol, como deporte altamente agresivo, provocará inevitablemente diversas lesiones deportivas. Objetivo: Investigar las causas y características de las lesiones deportivas de los jóvenes futbolistas escolares en algunas zonas de China, proponiendo medidas para prevenir y controlar las lesiones deportivas. Métodos: Un total de 1024 adolescentes de entre 6 y 17 años fueron voluntarios de la investigación, se investigaron las causas y características de las lesiones deportivas de estos jóvenes futbolistas universitarios mediante una investigación de campo, una encuesta con cuestionario, una entrevista con expertos y un análisis matemático. Resultados: Los resultados de la investigación muestran que el 73,2% (750 personas) de los encuestados han sufrido lesiones deportivas, entre las cuales las lesiones comunes en la escuela primaria (6-12 años) son las articulaciones de la rodilla y del miembro superior, y las lesiones comunes en la escuela media (12-17 años) son principalmente las articulaciones del tobillo y de la rodilla, con las mismas características que los jugadores adultos. El grado de lesión en los distintos segmentos es el mismo, siendo las lesiones leves las más comunes, seguidas de las moderadas y las graves. Con el aumento del periodo de aprendizaje, las lesiones leves disminuyeron significativamente, mientras que las lesiones moderadas y graves mostraron una tendencia al alza. La mayoría de las lesiones se produjeron en verano, y el índice de lesiones durante el entrenamiento fue significativamente mayor que durante la competición. Las causas de las lesiones son diferentes en los distintos grupos de edad. Conclusión: Los jóvenes futbolistas escolares son propensos a sufrir lesiones deportivas en el proceso deportivo, y se necesitan medidas preventivas específicas para evitar que estas lesiones causen efectos adversos en los jóvenes jugadores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 38-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940484

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe that effect of Ersi decoction on rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) induced by using the complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagenand and elucidate underlying menchanisms involving to inhibit inflammation and joint synovial angiogenesis. MethodThe rat model of RA was established by immune induction with complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagen. All male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, RA model group, methotrexate group(1.0 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium- and high-dose group(30,15,7.0 g·kg-1·d-1)of Ersi decoction, with 8 rats in each group. Except the blank group, rats in the methotrexate group and Ersi decoction groups were given corresponding doses of methotrexate and Ersi decoction after establishment of RA induced by strengthen immunity,respectively,and those in the model group and blank group received normal saline of equivalent volume,once a day for 28 days. After the administration, the degree of joint swelling of rats in each group was analyzed by joint swelling volume and index. The small animal ultrasound imaging system was used to detect the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb of rats and hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining to observe the histomorphological changes in joint synovium of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Immunohistochemistry was employed to analyze the expression of CD31 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2) in in joint synovium. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group demonstrated significant increase in joint swelling volume and index, inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb, obvious pathological changes in the synovium and the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium. Medium and high-dose Ersi decoction significantly alleviated the pathological changes of synovium tissue, attenuated joint swelling volume and index and decreased the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium as compared with the model group. Moreover, high-dose Ersi decoction showed significantly lower levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, and the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb. But medium-dose Ersi decoction only showed lower levels of TNF-α and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint. ConclusionErsi decoction could reduce synovial inflammation and hyperplasia through inhibiting synovial angiogenesis in rats with RA induced by bovine type Ⅱ collagen for achieving the effect of reducing RA joint damage, which provides an important reference for anti-RA of Ersi decoction in clinical application.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2126-2138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936572

ABSTRACT

Based on the idea of multi-target drug design, taking p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) as the parent nucleus, the unreported target molecules TM1 and TM2 were designed with PAS, isonicotinic acid and fluoroquinolone as three structural units conjugated by different linkers. Sixteen target molecules were synthesized by multi-step reaction, and their activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human pathogenic bacteria were evaluated. The results showed that the anti-tuberculosis activity of TM2a was stronger than those of the assayed fluoroquinolones, while TM1a was comparable to that of clinafloxacin, the most active compound of the positive control fluoroquinolones; TM1a showed the strongest inhibitory activity to all almost tested strains, TM1b and TM2a showed very strong inhibitory activity to most strains, and TM1h/2h had strong inhibitory activity to some strains; The inhibitory activities of TM1a/1h on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC14125 are much stronger than those of fluoroquinolones, which eminently deserves further study. The hemolysis test results showed that the highly active molecules TM1a and TM2a exhibited relative safety below the concentrations of 8 and 32 μg·mL-1, respectively. In this study, a new hybrid molecule of three molecular pharmacophores with PAS as the parent nucleus was synthesized for the first time, and some of which have highly strong antibacterial activity, which provides a new idea for the research and development of antibiotics.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 123-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis of malignant and benign thyroid tumors.@*METHODS@#DNA methylation of HYAL2 gene in tissue specimens of 190 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and 190 age- and gender-matched patients with benign thyroid tumors was examined by mass spectrometry, and the protein expression of HYAL2 was detected immunohistochemically for another 55 pairs of patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and evaluate the correlation of per 10% reduction in DNA methylation with PTC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the predictive value of alterations in HYAL2 methylation.@*RESULTS@#Hypomethylation of HYAL2_CpG_3 was significantly correlated with early-stage PTC (OR=1.51, P=0.001), even in stage I cancer (OR=1.42, P=0.007). Age-stratified analysis revealed a significantly stronger correlation between increased HYAL2_CpG_ 3 methylation and early-stage PTC in patients below 50 years than in those older than 50 years (OR: 1.89 vs 1.37, P < 0.05); ROC analysis also showed a larger AUC of 0.787 in younger patients. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that patients with PTC had significantly higher protein expressions of HYAL2 than patients with benign tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#The alterations of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene is significantly correlated with early-stage PTC, suggesting the value of DNA methylation level as a potential biomarker for differentiation of malignant from benign thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Adenoma, Oxyphilic/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , DNA Methylation , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1344-1351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924741

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwise. The incidence rate of HCC is high and is easy to metastasis and recurrence, which seriously affects human health. Traditional chemical drugs have some challenges such as toxicity, side effects, and multidrug resistance, thus it is urgent to find new drugs and effective targets. Here we synthesized a novel chemical, protonic bis-phenanthroline (H-BP), and the antitumor effect was investigated in the study. The results showed that H-BP could selectively inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells and cause HCC apoptosis. And also, in HCC tumor-bearing mice, H-BP could effectively prevent the growth of tumor mass, even completely eliminate the tumor at medium dose (5 mg·kg-1) and high dose (10 mg·kg-1), and meanwhile H-BP has no significant effect on the body weight of mice. The experimental protocol was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Southwest University, and the experimental operation was strictly carried out in accordance with the ethical principles of animal use and care. Mechanism studies showed that H-BP induced HCC apoptosis was related to down-regulation the expression of pleomorphic adenoma gene like-2 (PLAGL2), a oncogene transcription factor, resulting in the down-regulation of PLAGL2 downstream proteins hypoxia inducible factor and β-catenin. This study not only introduces the dimerization method to form novel compounds that will provide a new approach for drug design, but also suggests that PLAGL2 may be an effective target in tumor therapy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 232-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923523

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the effect of abdominal electrical stimulation combined with high-frequency chest wall oscillation on airway clearance ability in critical ill patients with tracheostomy. Methods From January to June, 2021, a total of 84 critical ill patients with tracheostomy in the department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, were randomly divided into control group (n = 28),experimental group A (n = 28) and experimental group B (n = 28). All the groups received routine therapy and early activities; while high-frequency chest wall oscillation was added to experimental group A, and abdominal electrical stimulation combined with high-frequency chest wall oscillation were added to experimental group B, for two weeks. Their involuntary cough peak flow (ICPF), Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS), diaphragmatic excursion (DE), diaphragmatic thickness fraction (DTF) and thickness of abdominal muscle (Tab) were measured before and after treatment. Results The improvement of CPIS, ICPF and Tab were better in the experimental group B than in the other two groups (P < 0.05). The improvement of DE and DTF were slightly better in experimental group B, however, there was no significant difference among groups (FDE = 0.514, FDTF = 1.582, P > 0.05). The thickness d-values of rectus abdominis, musculi obliquus internus abdominis and musculus transversus abdominis were positively correlated with the d-value of ICPF in the exprimental group B (r > 0.415, P < 0.05). ICPF was highly negatively correlated with CPIS before treatment for all the patients (r = -0.702, P < 0.001). No adverse events occurred during the intervention period. Conclusion Abdominal electrical stimulation combined with high-frequency chest wall oscillation could improve airway clearance ability in critical ill patients with tracheostomy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 147-155, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935989

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the changes of heparin-binding protein (HBP) in severe burn patients during shock stage and its effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and neutrophils in vitro. Methods: Prospective observational and experimental research methods were used. Twenty severe burn patients who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August to November 2020 were included in severe burn group (12 males and 8 females, aged 44.5 (31.0, 58.0) years). During the same period, 20 healthy volunteers with normal physical examination results in the unit's Physical Examination Center were recruited into healthy control group (13 males and 7 females, aged 39.5 (26.0, 53.0) years). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect the protein expression levels of HBP and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) in plasma of patients within 48 hours after injury in severe burn group and in plasma of volunteers in healthy control group. The correlation between protein expression of HBP and that of TIMP-1 in the plasma in the two groups was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. The fourth passage of HUVECs in logarithmic growth phase were used for the experiment. The HUVECs were divided into normal control group with routine culture (the same treatment below) and recombinant HBP (rHBP)-treated 12 h group, rHBP-treated 24 h group, and rHBP-treated 48 h group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), and the mRNA expression of TIMP-1 in cells was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The HUVECs were divided into normal control group and rHBP-treated 48 h group with corresponding treatment, and the protein expression of TIMP-1 in the cells was detected by Western blotting. The HUVECs were divided into normal control group, rHBP alone group, aprotinin alone group, and rHBP+aprotinin group treated with the corresponding reagents (with the final molarity of rHBP being 200 nmol/L and the final concentration of aprotinin being 20 μg/mL, respectively), cultured for 48 h, and ELISA was used to detect the protein expression of TIMP-1 in the culture supernatant of cells. The neutrophils were isolated from the peripheral venous blood of the aforementioned 10 healthy volunteers by immunomagnetic bead sorting, and the cells were divided into normal control group, recombinant TIMP-1 (rTIMP-1) alone group, phorbol acetate (PMA) alone group, and rTIMP-1+PMA group treated with corresponding reagents (with the final concentration of rTIMP-1 being 500 ng/mL and the final molarity of PMA being 10 nmol/L, respectively). After being cultured for 1 h, the expression of CD63 protein in cells was detected by immunofluorescence method, the positive expression rate of CD63 protein in cells was detected by flow cytometry, and the protein expression levels of HBP and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the culture supernatant of cells were detected by ELISA. The normal control group underwent the above-mentioned related tests at appropriate time points. The number of samples was 3 in each group of cell experiment. Data were statistically analyzed with chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Tamhane's T2 test. Results: The protein expression levels of HBP and TIMP-1 in the plasma of patients in severe burn group were 404.9 (283.1, 653.2) and 262.1 (240.6, 317.4) ng/mL, respectively, which were both significantly higher than 61.6 (45.0, 68.9) and 81.0 (66.3, 90.0) ng/mL of volunteers in healthy control group (with Z values of -5.41 and -5.21, respectively, P<0.01). The correlation between the protein expression of HBP and that of TIMP-1 in the plasma of volunteers in healthy control group was not strong (P>0.05). The protein expression of HBP was significantly positively correlated with that of TIMP-1 in the plasma of patients in severe burn group (r=0.64, P<0.01). Compared with that in normal control group, the mRNA expression of TIMP-1 in HUVECs was significantly increased in rHBP-treated 12 h group, rHBP-treated 24 h group, and rHBP-treated 48 h group (with t values of -3.58, -2.25, and -1.26, respectively, P<0.05). Western blotting detection showed that compared with that in normal control group, the protein expression of TIMP-1 in HUVECs in rHBP-treated 48 h group was significantly enhanced. After 48 h of culture, compared with that in normal control group, the protein expression level of TIMP-1 in the culture supernatant of HUVECs in rHBP alone group was significantly increased (t=9.43, P<0.05), while the protein expression level of TIMP-1 in the culture supernatant of HUVECs didn't change significantly in aprotinin alone group or rHBP+aprotinin group (P>0.05); compared with that in rHBP alone group, the protein expression level of TIMP-1 in the culture supernatant of HUVECs in rHBP+aprotinin group was significantly decreased (t=4.76, P<0.01). After 1 h of culture, the trend of CD63 protein expression in neutrophils detected by immunofluorescence method and that by flow cytometry were consistent in each group. After 1 h of culture, compared with that in normal control group, the positive expression rate of CD63 protein in the neutrophils and the protein expression levels of HBP and MPO in the culture supernatant of cells in rTIMP-1 alone group all had no significant changes (P>0.05), while the positive expression rate of CD63 protein in the neutrophils and the protein expression levels of HBP and MPO in the culture supernatant of cells were all significantly increased in PMA alone group and rTIMP-1+PMA group (with t values of 2.41, 3.82, 5.73, 1.05, 4.16, and 1.08, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in PMA alone group, the positive expression rate of CD63 protein in the neutrophils and the protein expression levels of HBP and MPO in the culture supernatant of cells in rTIMP-1+PMA group were all significantly decreased (with t values of 5.26, 2.83, and 1.26, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The expression level of HBP in the plasma of severe burn patients is increased during shock stage. HBP can induce HUVECs to secrete TIMP-1 in vitro, and TIMP-1 can reduce the expression of CD63 molecule in human neutrophils.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides , Blood Proteins , Burns , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Neutrophils , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
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