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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 221-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942417

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with the multidisciplinary team (MDT) model in laryngeal cancer surgery. Methods: Eighty patients with laryngeal cancer treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from May 2016 to June 2017 were selected, including 76 males and 4 females, aged 45 to 75 years old. By random number table method, they were divided into ERAS group (40 cases) and control group (40 cases). Visual analogue scale (VAS), general comfort questionnaire (GCQ) and self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) were used to evaluate the symptoms and signs and psychological state of the two groups before and after operation. Mann Whitney U test was used for non-normal distribution data, and chi square test, Fisher exact probability method and covariance analysis were used for classification data. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used for the comparison of each group at different time points. Results: Two cases in the ERAS group and six cases in the control group withdrew from the study for some reason. Finally, 38 cases in the ERAS group and 34 cases in the control group were enrolled in this study. The postoperative pain scores of the two groups were the highest at 6 h after operation, and then gradually decreased. At different time points after operation, the pain scores of ERAS group were lower than those of the control group. At 24 h after operation, the pain relief degree of ERAS group was significantly higher than that of the control group, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Compared to control group, ERAS group had lower preoperative thirst score [(0.15±0.36) vs. (4.29±1.17), Z=-7.695, P<0.001] and hunger score [(0.38±0.49) vs. (3.44±1.13), Z=-7.426, P<0.001]. The total number of postoperative adverse reactions (8 vs.16), oral feeding time [(4.06±4.42) d vs. (9.06±2.42) d] and postoperative hospital stay [(5.91±0.97) d vs. (11.03±2.11)d] in ERAS group were lower than those in control group (statistics 5.461, -4.558, -7.347, P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in postoperative catheter indwelling time and neck drainage tube indwelling time between the two groups (P>0.05). Before discharge, the comfort of ERAS group was significantly higher than that of control group [(60.37±8.78) vs. (50.38±8.08), Z=-4.370, P<0.001]. Before discharge, the anxiety level of ERAS group decreased, while that of the control group increased significantly, which was higher than that of ERAS Group [(59.12±6.43) vs. (52.62±6.25), Z=-4.179, P<0.001]. Conclusion: The application of multidisciplinary ERAS in laryngeal cancer surgery can improve preoperative hunger and thirst, postoperative pain and mental state, shorten the length of hospital stay and reduce postoperative adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Perioperative Care , Postoperative Period
3.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1307-1312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942617

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the diagnostic significance of the combination of clinical and genetic detection of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) by analyzing the clinical and genetic diagnosis of a family with HHT. Methods: Medical history data of the probands and their family members were collected, and the sequence analyses of coding regions of ENG, ACVRL1, SMAD4 and GDF2 genes were performed by PCR-sequencing method, and a comprehensive diagnosis was made based on the clinical features and gene detection results. After the pathogenic gene variation was identified, 11 members of 3 generations of the family were tested for pathogenic gene mutation. Results: There was an ACVRL1 c.715_716delAG mutation in the proband and 9 other family members, which caused p.S239C. Based on the clinical and genetic findings, the 7 suspected were diagnosed and 2 asymptomatic patients were found to carry the mutation site. Conclusion: The combination of clinical features and gene detection can determine the etiology and classification of HHT, which is convenient for the early diagnosis and prevention of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activin Receptors, Type II/genetics , Endoglin/genetics , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Sequence Analysis , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 229-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of perioperative airway management based on the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on the improvement of preoperative pulmonary function in patients with aspirin intolerance triad (AIT). Methods: Thirty patients with AIT (including 13 males and 17 females, aged from 29 to 75 years old) for sinus surgery from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected, 172 patients (including 105 males and 67 females, aged from 17 to 83 years old) with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) without lower airway disease were selected by random number table at the same period, and their clinical data and preoperative pulmonary function were analyzed and compared retrospectively. FEV1%pred<80% after bronchodilation test was considered as high risk for surgery. Preoperative evaluation and standardized drug intervention were applied in patients with pulmonary function abnormalities at risk for surgery, and improvement of preoperative pulmonary function and tolerability to general anesthesia surgery in the two groups were evaluated. All the statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 22.0. Results: The main pulmonary function indexes (FEV1%pred, FEV1/FVC%pred, FEF50%pred, FEF75%pred, MMEF%pred) in AIT group decreased significantly than those in CRSwNP group (t values were 10.882, 10.506, 9.141, 10.182, 9.099, respectively, all P<0.001). At admission 86.7% (26/30) patients in the AIT group and 11.6% (20/172) patients in CRSwNP group had high surgical risk for lung function, with significantly difference (χ2 = 81.788, P<0.05); after 3 days with individualized drug intervention, 57.7% (15/26) patients in AIT group reached the standard for surgery, which was significantly less than 90.0% (18/20) patients in CRSwNP group (χ²=4.335,P<0.05); and after 6 days with drug intervention, the patients who reached the standard for surgery in pulmonary function accounted for 92.3% (24/26) in the AIT group and 100% (20/20) in the CRSwNP group. FEV1%pred in the two groups before surgery were significantly improved compared with those at admission respectively ((90.00±6.32)% vs. (64.79±13.60)%,t value was 10.110 in AIT group; (91.65±11.86)% vs. (76.40±9.35)%, t value was 9.346 in CRSwNP group; all P<0.05), and also FEV1/FVC%pred, FEF50%pred, FEF75%pred and MMEF%pred were all significantly improved (all P<0.05). Surgery was completed successfully in the two groups of patients with lung function meeting the surgical standard, and no intraoperative or postoperative airway adverse events occurred. Conclusion: AIT patients have high airway risk for sinus surgery due to poor pulmonary function. Standardized airway management based on the concept of ERAS can improve the pulmonary function of patients, and decrease the incidence of perioperative airway adverse events.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Airway Management , Aspirin , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Lung/surgery , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 218-223, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the surgery preserving epiglottis, the repair and the postoperative functions in laryngeal carcinoma involving supraglottic and glottic areas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 97 cases with laryngeal cancer involving both supraglottic and glottic areas with normal epiglottis underwent surgery between June 2005 and December 2010 was reviewed. Of them 37 cases were stage II, 41 cases were stage III, and 19 cases were stage IV. Vertical partial laryngectomy (VPL) or extended VPL with the repair and functional reconstruction was carried out in 86 cases and cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) in 11 cases. Postoperative survival rate, laryngeal functions and quality of life were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3-year and 5-year total cumulative survival rate (Kaplan-Meire survival analysis) were 87.1% and 69.6% in the 97 cases; 86.6% and 68.3% in VPL/EVPL group; 90.0% and 78.8% in CHEP group, respectively, with no significant difference between VPL/EVPL and CHEP groups (P > 0.05). Of 97 cases, 86(88.7%) cases were decannulated postoperatively. The rates of decannulation were 87.2% (75/86) in VPL/EVPL group and 100% (11/11) in CHEP group, with no significant difference (P > 0.05). Average oral diet recovery time of VPL/EVPL group and CHEP group was (5.2 ± 1.3) and (15.7 ± 5.2) days, respectively, with a significant difference (P < 0.01). Voice evaluation showed the mean maximum phonation time of VPL/EVPL group was shorter than that of CHEP group (P < 0.01) and the S/Z ratio of VPL/EVPL group was higher than that of CHEP group (P < 0.01). Perceptual voice evaluation GRBAS ratings showed patients in VPL/EVPL group had higher G and B ratings compared to patients in CHEP group (P < 0.01), but no significant difference in R-rating between two groups (P > 0.05). Voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) scores of VPL/EVPL and CHEP groups were 29.5 ± 4.7 and 31.6 ± 6.3, respectively, no significant difference (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For patients with the laryngeal carcinoma involving both supraglottic and glottic areas, VPL has better anatomical and functional outcomes than CHEP. The preservation of at least 2/3 of the lamina of thyroid cartilage on one side and shift-down of epiglottis were key to successful VPL and postoperative decannulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Glottis , Pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Survival Rate , Voice Quality
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 300-306, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To present and discuss the clinical features, treatment, and efficacy of pyriform sinus carcinoma involving the lateral wall.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-seven patients with pyriform sinus cancer involving the lateral wall (stage I 8, stage II 10, stage III 32, stage IV 27, according to UICC 2002 staging) were treated from Jun 1997 to Jun 2009 in the department of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery, Yuhuangding Hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: Group one 17 cases, simply underwent radiation therapy (R group); Group two 60 cases underwent surgery plus postoperative radiation (SR group). All patients underwent radiotherapy 50-75 Gy. In SR group, hyoid area and lateral pharyngeal approaches were taken according to the lesions for resection. To repair the defects and reconstruct the functions of larynx and pharynx, regional roping in suture, fascial flap/muscular- fascial of strap muscles, glosso-flap, musculocutaneous flap of major pectoral muscle, joint split graft or heterologous (bovine) acellular dermal matrix were used respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In group R, the primary tumor and neck lymph node metastasis disappeared at the end of radiotherapy in 15 cases. For one case, the N3 cervical lymph nodes shrank, but failed in local control and died of systemic metastases after 7 months. For another case, the N2 neck lymph nodes significantly reduced after the full course of radiation, PET-CT and biopsy did not find the cancer, but the tumor grew again after 6 months, and died of a neck bleeding 11 months later. All repairing materials used were alive in SR group. Two cases developed postoperative wound infection, and 2 cases suffered from pharyngeal fistula. All patients retained laryngeal functions, and all patients in SR group recovered diet 12 - 30 days, the mean time was 15.6 days. Three and 5 year survival rates for all 77 patients were 59.1% and 41.4%. For stage I + stage II cases in SR group and R group, 3 and 5 year survival rates were 63.6%, 53.0% and 66.7%, 50.0% respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (χ(2) = 0.021, P = 0.884). For cases of stage III + stage IV of the SR group and R group, 3 and 5 year survival rates were 63.9%, 43.7%, 16.4%, and 0. There was a very significant difference (χ(2) = 20.496, P = 0.000); all cases in SR group and in R group for 3, 5-year survival rates were 63.6%, 45.8%, 41.5%, and 24.9% respectively. There was also a significant stastical difference (χ(2) = 4.644, P = 0.031).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pyriform sinus carcinoma involving the lateral wall is characterized with scattered growth on the surface of mucous or submucously, tending to invade lamina cartilaginis thyroidea. Simple radiotherapy can get better therapeutic effect for early stage cases. The comprehensive therapy measures should be taken in advanced cases, especially those with surgical indications should be taken to surgery plus radiotherapy. For the purpose of excising the tumor thoroughly and preserving good laryngeal functions, proper operative approaches and ways of repairing should be selected.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Larynx , General Surgery , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pyriform Sinus , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps , Survival Rate
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 142-146, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313600

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To present the method of resection and one-stage repair of basal cell carcinoma of external nose.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two patients with basal cell carcinoma of external nose were hospitalized and underwent surgeries from January 2002 to June 2010. The defects after resection were as follows: 1 partial defect of soft tissue of lateral ala nasi, associated defect of ala nasi margin, total defect of ala nasi, defect of soft tissue of apex nasi, defect of apex nasi and ala nasi, defect of the bridge of the nose. Various flaps were applied according to the degree of defects. With nasal parabolic sulci and nasolabial sulcus as the center, different flaps were used, including advanced skin flap, pedicle tunnel island flap of nasolabial sulcus, and flip flap of nasolabial sulcus, forehead axial flap, dissociated auricle compound soft tissue flap for one-stage repair respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two flaps failed because of thanatosis after the surgeries. One flap mostly was a necrosis with the upper small part survived. A marginal partial necrosis of the flap appeared in 2 patients. Two fixing nasal apex and nasal wing suffered a partial circum exfoliation. All other 55 flaps were successfully implanted with satisfying looks and breathing functions with the exception of 1 complaining about obvious nasal obstruction. The rest were followed up for 6 months to 8 years with no relapse.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Most of the tumors of external nose are basaloma, and the margin of safety should be secured during the operation with Mohn's surgery, and once thoroughly resected, there are barely relapses, and radiotherapy or chemotherapy is unnecessary. Pedicled skin flaps can be used as in one-stage repairing of the defect of external nose, with high rate of success and close color shade and good outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , General Surgery , Nose , Nose Neoplasms , General Surgery , Rhinoplasty , Methods , Surgical Flaps
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 91-95, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the minimally-invasive ablation of osteomas of the ethmoid sinuses endonasally.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was done in 19 patients (15 male, 4 female, aged between 14 - 67, medium 37) diagnosed as osteomas of ethmoid sinuses hospitalized from April 2005 to October 2009. All patients underwent sixteen-detector row computed tomography scan and 3D reconstruction preoperatively. All underwent operation with the help of navigation system and nasal endoscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ethmoid osteoma in all 19 patients was removed successfully with endoscope and navigation system. Two open procedures (1 through superciliary arch incision and 1 through labiogingival incision) were performed to assist the removal of the tumor, 17 tumors were removed under endoscopic and navigation guidance. In 5 patients whose osteoma was localized or with the diameter no more than 2 cm, these osteomas were removed endonasally with the help of navigation system. The osteomas in 2 patients was found to have narrow basilar part and relatively dissociative were removed from oral cavity after abscisin the basilar part. The osteomas in 12 patients were found to have basilar part connected with ante-meso skull base, lamina papyracea, orbital apex, cranialis opticus, fossa orbitalis bone, these osteomas were removed using electric drill with the guidance of navigation system. All patients were followed up from 8 to 64 months, and were asymptomatic (1 patient who suffered from amblyopia had the symptom disappeared, 2 patients suffered from prosopo-eminence, 1 patient was asymptomatic and 1 patient was feeling better). Two patients underwent removal of crista galli, 1 of them suffered from postoperative cerebro-spinal rhinorrhea, and recovered after endoscopic repairing procedure and iodoform gauze packing and recovered 15 days later. Two patients who underwent removal of crista galli suffered from anosmia and never recovered after 9 and 26 months follow-up. One patient with enormous osteoma suffered from repeated crusting and abnormal odor, and recovered after nasal flushing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endoscopic ablation of osteomas of the ethmoid sinuses with the guidance of navigation system is an accurate, secure, minimally-invasive procedure. Osteomas on median line and localized in ethmoid sinus is an indication of this operation. Preoperative CT scan is a safeguard for an accurate operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Endoscopy , Ethmoid Sinus , General Surgery , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Osteoma , General Surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 818-824, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322459

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of the approaches and methodology of the endoscopic surgery for maxillary sinus lesions through the medial wall of the maxillary sinus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jun. 2003 to Aug. 2010, endoscopic surgery through anterior or posterior nasolacrimal duct approaches to remove maxillary sinus lesions were conducted in 139 patients. Among them there were 43 cases with inverted papilloma, 63 cases with fungal maxillary sinusitis, 28 cases with maxillary sinus cyst, 3 cases with hemorrhagic necrotic polyps, and 2 cases with osteomas. All patients underwent preoperative CT scans, and patients with inverted papillomas also had MRI tests. Anterior-nasolacrimal canal paths included 3 ways: pyriform aperture, lacrimal bone recess (dissecting nasolacrimal duct or not were 2 subtypes), pyriform aperture-nasolacrimal duct approaches, and 97 patients were treated. Posterior-nasal lacrimal duct paths were also divided into 3 subtypes: the inferior turbinate flip flap, double pedicle inferior turbinate, single pedicle inferior turbinate, and 42 patients were treated. The postoperative effects were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All lesions were completely removed under endoscope, the nasolacrimal ducts and inferior turbinates were protected, no nasal lacrimal duct injury and inferior turbinate necrosis were found. Postoperative nasal congestion, headache, swelling discomfort, strange odor, dental pain and numbness and other symptoms gradually disappeared. Nine patients felt nasal dryness, and after nasal washing for about 1 month, the symptom gradually disappeared. Patients were followed up for 6 months to 79 months. In case of osteoma, and hemorrhagic and necrotic polyps, no recurrences were found. Apparent edema, hypertrophy of sinus mucosa could be seen during the surgery in all patients with fungal maxillary sinusitis, and the edema gradually disappeared after 3 months or so, with no relapse. Two cases of maxillary sinus cysts were found in other parts of the maxillary sinus 10 months and 18 months after the surgery, but the cysts were small and asymptomatic, so no further management needed, and they were still under follow-up. Three patients, recurred. In 1 case with inverted papilloma, a local lump on the opening were found 17 months after the surgery, and was removed in out-patient department and pathology showed papillary tumor recurrence, no relapse was found 1 year later; 1 patient had recurrence in anterior ethmoid sinus 15 months after operation, total ethmoidectomy was done and no relapse was found in 3 years. One patient had local recurrence in the posterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus 26 months after operation, and the secondary surgery was done via single pedicle inferior turbinate. The papilloma relapsed again after 1 year, an endoscopic Denker surgery was performed, with no recurrence after 18 months of follow-up. Three months after surgery, the maxillary sinus was scar-covered in all cases. Inferior turbinate maintained good shape, compared to those with inferior nasal meatus windowing surgery. Scars were significantly smaller, but no latch or obstruction of drainage were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endoscopic maxillary sinus surgery through anterior or posterior nasolacrimal duct approach can reduce the trauma, fully expose the sinuses, and facilitate postoperative treatment and review with a window. Retained inferior nasal turbinate is helpful to avoid dryness, crusting, headache and other complications due to too much removal of nasal exteral walls.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy , Maxillary Sinus , Nasolacrimal Duct , General Surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , General Surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 556-560, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the methodology and therapeutic effect of hyoid suspension in association with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) in the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-nine patients with severe OSAHS (apnea hyponea index, AHI > 30) were treated with hyoid suspension and UPPP. Sixty-one patients were followed for 6 months (48 of them for 12 months). Polysomnogram (PSG) tests were performed and an Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) was recorded preoperatively and postoperatively in these patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the surgery,the snoring of the patients disappeared or was alleviated to varing degrees. Eighteen patients underwent fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination. Twelve of them showed palatopharyngeal and glossopharyngeal stenosis was improved 6 months after surgery. Six patients showed no change, but had no glossoptosis. Fourteen patients underwent fiberoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination 1 year after surgery, with no recurrence of the stenosis being found. A decrease of 50% in the AHI was considered effective, and in patients the effective rate was 78.7% (48/61) 6 months after the operation and 75.0% (36/48) 1 year after the operation. The average AHI decreased from 44.8 to 15.1 and 17.2, and the minimum arterial oxygen saturation average increased from 0.512 to 0.880 and 0.730. Matching t tests were utilized and the results of follow-up indicated that there was a significant improvement in the indexes in those cases which could be followed up (P < 0.01). The average of the ESS was 6.7 six months after operation and 7.2 one year after operation, with a significant decrease compared to the preoperative (16.6) data (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Modified hyoid suspension in association with UPPP has the advantage of a simple operation, short hospitalization and less expense, and the effect of the operation was significant. Patients with palatopharyngeal and glossopharyngeal stenosis should be chosen for this operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hyoid Bone , General Surgery , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Palate, Soft , General Surgery , Pharynx , General Surgery , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , General Surgery , Thyroid Cartilage , General Surgery , Uvula , General Surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 561-564, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical effect of heterogeneity (cattle) acellular dunal matrix in repairing mucosa defect in laryngeal surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen cancer patients with mucosa defect in central vocal area accepted treatment with heterogeneity acellular dunal matrix after surgery. There were two methods to repair mucosa defect. One was simple use of acellular dunal matrix, the second was combined use of acellular dunal matrix and muscle lamella or muscle and tendon film lamella. 18 cases had cancer in central vocal area: T2N0M0 (8), T3N1M0 (5), T3N2M0 (4), T4N2M0 (1). All were squamous cell carcinoma. Ten cancer patients accepted radiation after surgery. The radiotherapy volume was 60-80 Gy. After the operation, the patients were checked by fibrolaryngoscope four or five times after half a year, observing the dynamic development.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 18 patients were healed, rechecked by endoscope after 0.5-6 months, heterogeneity acellular dunal matrix mingled with mucosa within 30-60 d, no allergy and irritation were found. The laryngeal function, including breathing, pronouncing and swallowing, was recovered. The survival rate (1 year) was 100%, and 10 patients survived after 2 years. After radiotherapy, the process of recovery was not affected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heterogeneity acellular dunal matrix can be easily obtained and it is a new method to repair mucosa defect. The operative procedure is easy to perform and worthwhile to use clinically.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Cattle , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biocompatible Materials , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Therapeutics , Dermis , Cell Biology , Laryngeal Mucosa , Pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Postoperative Period , Wound Healing
12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 759-762, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315608

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the relationship between pharyngeal paraesthesia and abnormal styloid process, and to evaluate the surgery outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and four patients with styloid process abnormality, especially those with pharyngeal paraesthesia were studied preoperatively and postoperatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 104 patients who complained about foreign body sensation of the pharynx and a sore throat, after partial removal of styloid process, 71.2% (74/104) cured (symptoms disappeared), 12.5% (13/104) improved, while 16.3% (17/104) had no improvement. The responding rate was 83.7% (87/104).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Not all abnormality of styloid process subjects would have pharyngeal paraesthesia, so for this kind of cases a more comprehensive analysis is necessary. Surgery via mouth is preferable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Paresthesia , General Surgery , Pharyngeal Diseases , General Surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 208-211, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288914

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of conservative surgical management on patients with subglottic cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine cases with subglottic carcinoma were treated surgically from 1984 to 1999. There were T2N0 lesions in 2 cases, T3N0-1 in 3 cases and T4N0-1 in 4 cases. All the cases underwent partial laryngectomy including partial cricoid resection. Variations of a pedicled thyroid cartilage flap were used for reconstruct the cricoid defect. The pedicle based muscle was thyrohyoid, sterno-thyroid or inferior constrictor. Unilateral neck dissection was performed on 7 cases and bilateral on two.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The function of phonation were preserved in all cases. Eight of nine 8/9 were decanulated. Normal deglutition were achieved for all patients. The 3 and 5 year survival rates were 8/9 and 6/9, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pedicled thyroid cartilage flap is appropriate for reconstruction of the cricoid defect in the conservative surgery of selected subglottic carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Cricoid Cartilage , General Surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Surgical Flaps , Thyroid Cartilage , Transplantation
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