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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771577

ABSTRACT

Questionnaires and case investigation methods were taken in this paper, taking the clinical practice guideline on traditional Chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection in children published by the Chinese Medicine Association as the research object. Doctors from 187 hospitals in 29 regions across the country were invited to evaluate the applicability of the Guideline and clinical application effects, so as to collect the opinions on revising the Guideline. Clinicians about 508 accepted the applicability survey of the Guideline, and considered that the structure and content of the Guideline were reasonable, with the proportions being as high as 98.23% and 98.03%, respectively. In the content of syndrome differentiation-based treatment, the factors with higher rationality included therapeutic principle and method (99.41%), diagnosis elements (98.82%), and syndrome differentiation classification (98.03%); while the factors with lower rationality included the rehabilitation and health preserving (97.05%) and complication prevention (97.24%). 98.03% of the clinicians considered theat the Guideline was to be fully applicable and basically applicable, and 1.97% of the clinicians considered it to be applicable after revision. By observing 491 cases, the Guide was applied for evaluation and analysis. The factors with higher compliance included diagnosis of Western medicine disease (100%) and the diagnosis of TCM disease (99.18%); while the factors with lower compliance included the treatment measures, with a compliance rate of 77.18% and 83.05% respectively for simple preparations and other treatment method. The safety and economy of the Guideline were good, 97.35%, 93.89%, respectively. The comprehensive evaluation was good, and 99.41% of the respondents were willing to follow the treatment schemes recommended in the Guideline, suitable for clinical application. The opinions on revision were mainly focused on dialectical treatment, complication prevention and rehabilitation. It indicates that only by actively and extensively soliciting opinions to revise the Guideline, can we improve the quality of the Guideline for clinical practice, so as to raise the level of clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350163

ABSTRACT

Acute upper respiratory tract infection is the most common infectious disease in children's respiratory system. The pathogen to the main virus, can account for more than 90% of the primary upper respiratory tract infectio. However, there is no specific anti-viral drugs specifically for the disease, in addition to the existence of excessive, widespread use or even abuse of antibiotics.Long-term clinical practice has confirmed that Chinese medicine is safe and effective in treating acute upper respiratory tract infection in children. The author reviews the literatures of multiple databases, and analyzes the advantages of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection in children from the perspective of clinical research and experimental basic research. It also puts forward the existing problems and possible research directions of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of acute upper respiratory tract infection in children.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Analyze the characteristic features of Shenmai injections as used in pediatric clinics, to improve the specifications for use in children in order to decrease risks.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We preformed statistical analyses on data from the CNKI and VIP databases relevant to the clinical application of Shenmai injections in children. Pediatric indications, usage and dosage, length of treatment, solubility of the drugs in mediums and adverse reactions were summarized.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Shenmai injection is widely used in clinical pediatrics, and is reported to show effectivenss for conditions such as viral myocarditis, pneumonia, neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal scleroderma, diarrhea and other diseases. However, there are no specific specifications regarding usage and dosages, length of treatments, or instructions regarding solvents. Adverse reactions reported include, drug rash, heat, blushing, and chest tightness amongst others.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Effective measures should be adopted to standardize the clinical regulations regarding Shenmai injections for use in children, to reduce risks, and thereby raise clinical treatment standards.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Databases, Factual , Drug Combinations , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Infant , Infusions, Parenteral , Male
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241517

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of 3-year subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in asthmatic children allergic to mite.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety asthmatic children allergic to house dust mite (with or without allergic rhinitis) and aged 5-14 years were randomized into SCIT treatment group (n=45) and control group (n=45). The SCIT treatment group received SCIT combined with standardized treatment for asthma, while the control group received the standardized treatment alone. The therapeutic effects were assessed based on the daytime and nighttime symptom scores, mean daily doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), skin prick test results, peak expiratory flows and total serum IgE at baseline and in the 3-year treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both groups, the daytime and nighttime symptom scores in the first, second, and third years of treatment were significantly lower than the baseline values (P<0.01), and the scores decreased year by year during the 3-year treatment (P<0.01). Also, the mean daily doses of ICS in the first, second, and third years of treatment were significantly lower than the baseline values (P<0.01), and the doses decreased year by year during the 3-year treatment (P<0.01). The mean daily dose was significantly lower in the SCIT treatment group than in the control group in the second and third years of treatment (P<0.05). After 3-year treatment, the SCIT treatment group had a significantly higher proportion of children who discontinued use of ICS due to remission of symptoms compared with the control group (29% vs 20%, P<0.05). At the end of the 3-year treatment, the total serum IgE was significantly lower than the baseline value in the SCIT treatment group (P<0.01), and it was significantly lower in the SCIT treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Three-year SCIT is effective in asthmatic children allergic to house dust mite and allows reduction in the dosage of ICS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Animals , Asthma , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Child , Desensitization, Immunologic , Methods , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Injections, Subcutaneous , Male , Pyroglyphidae , Allergy and Immunology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We aimed to analyse the adverse drug reactions (ADR) in children due to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections and the related factors, and explored the rational use of medicines and safty countermeasures in clinical.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We preformed statistical analyses on data from the CNKI and researched on literatures, from April 1987 to May 2012, relevant to the TCM injections which lead to reactions of clinical adverse, to conduct a analysis of the species, cases, clinical manifestations and related factors of these injections.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The incidence of ADR in children leaded by TCM injections is high and the manifestations were chiefly characterized by the luscious of skin and appendages. In addition to the correlation with the physiological and pathologic characteristic in childhood, the ADR is also closely related with preparing technology, irrational use and imperfect supervisory system.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Because of the high incidence, we should taking appropriate measures, such as constructing strict supervision system and strengthening rational drug use, to reduce the occurrence of ADRs to the greatest extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Epidemiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 281-284, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331580

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Shengmai injection on the management of "shock heart" after burns.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients with severe burns were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into two groups according to the clinical research method, i.e. treatment group (n= 10, with intravenous infusion of 40 ml Shengmai injection together with 250ml 50 g/L glucose solution for 3 days, 1 time/ per day) and control group(n = 10, with intravenous infusion of 290 ml 50 g/L glucose injection liquid for 3 days, 1 time/per day). Beside the venous line used for routine fluid resuscitation for burn shock, another venous line was set up after hospitalization for the administration of the drug. Blood samples were obtained from the femoral vein in both groups at 12 post-burn hour( PBH) , and on 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 post burn days (PBD) for the determination of serum contents of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI). The changes in hepatic and renal function, as well as coagulability were determined before drug infusion and on 1 , 2, 3, 5 and 7 PSDs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum content of CK-MB, LDH and cTnI reached the peak at 12 PBH in both groups[ (52+/-20)U/L, (5.9+/-1.3) micromol x s(-1) L(-1), (0. 274+/-0. 231) microg/L in treatment group and [(9+/-31)U/L, (8.5+/-1l.8) micromol x s(-1) x L(-1) , (0. 584+/-0. 192) microg/L in control group]. All of them decreased with the passage of time, but in the treatment group they decreased more markedly within 2 or 3 PBD compared with those in control group ( P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early administration of Shengmai intravenously is beneficial to the protection of myocardial cells and in the management of the "shock heart" damage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Burns , Drug Therapy , Cardiomyopathies , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Female , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Prospective Studies , Shock, Traumatic , Drug Therapy , Troponin I , Blood
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639214

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of serum clara cell secretory protein(CC16),total immunoglobulin E(TIgE)and eosinophil cationic protein(ECP)in children with asthma.Methods Serum were collected from 59 cases during asthmatic acute attacks,29 asthmatic children who were in mild conditions,and 30 cases who were in moderate to severe conditions,and 30 healthy children.Serum CC16 concentration were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),TIgE and ECP concentration were measured by uniCAP100.Results The levels of CC16 in serum of asthmatic children during acute attacks were significantly lower than that in control group(t=2.93 Pa

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