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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320647

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) and cytochrome P450 2EI (CYP2E1) play a crucial role in the drug metabolic process. The aim of this study was to understand the genotype and phenotype polymorphisms of NAT2 and CYP2E1 in the Han Chinese pediatric population in order to provide a theoretical basis for individualized drug treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 341 (211 males and 130 females) randomly sampled Han Chinese children, aged from 2 months to 14 years, were enrolled in this study. Genotyping was carried out by PCR method, and metabolic phenotypes were identified.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this study population, wild genotype was found as a major genotype in seven SNPs of NAT2, rs1801279, rs1041983, rs1801280, rs1799929, rs1799930, rs1208 and rs1799931. The frequency of NAT2 fast metabolism was highest (61.3%), followed by middle to slow metabolism (34.1%). Wild genotype also predominated in the four SNPs of CYP2E1 (rs2031920, rs3813867, rs6413432 and rs72559720) named as CYP2E1*5, *6 and *2, with a frequency of 61.3%, 60.1% and 99.4% respectively. As the relationship between CYP2E1 genotype and phenotype was unknown, phenotyping of CYP2E1 was not done.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The important SNPs of NAT2 and CYP2E1 are predominantly wild genotype in the Han Chinese pediatric population. Fast metabolic phenotype predominates in important SNPs of NAT2.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase , Genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Ethnology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 275-280, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333502

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Very few researchers have studied the changes in peripheral lymphocyte patterns in adult tuberculosis (TB) and even less researches have been conducted in pediatric TB. In this study, we obtained blood samples from 114 Chinese pediatric TB patients and 116 matched controls to study the association of phenotypic subsets of peripheral lymphocytes with different clinical phenotypes of TB.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects were classified as the control group and the TB patients group which were further divided into a pulmonary TB group and an extra-pulmonary TB group (more serious than the former). The distribution of lymphocyte subpopulations, including T lymphocytes, CD4(+) T lymphocytes, CD8(+) T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and natural killer (NK) cells, were quantitatively analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the healthy controls, TB infection was associated with significantly higher B cell (P < 0.0001), and lower T cell (P = 0.029) and NK cell (P < 0.0001) percentages. Compared to pulmonary TB patients, extra-pulmonary TB was associated with relatively higher B cell (P = 0.073), and lower T cell percentages (P = 0.021), higher purified protein derivative (PPD) negative rate (P = 0.061), and poorer PPD response (P = 0.010). Most pulmonary TB cases were primary pulmonary TB (89.1%), and most extra-pulmonary TB cases had TB meningitis (72.1%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study demonstrates changes in the lymhocyte distribution in children suffering from different clinical phenotypes of TB; such as primary pulmonary TB, and TB meningitis. These patterns may have significance in understanding the pathogenesis and prognostic markers of the disease, and for developing immunomodulatory modalities of therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Methods , Infant , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Male , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Tuberculosis , Allergy and Immunology
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