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1.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 253-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971259

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety, and short- and long-term efficacy of laparoscopic pelvic exenteration (LPE) in treating locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 173 patients who had undergone pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced rectal cancer that had been shown by preoperative imaging or intraoperative exploration to have invaded beyond the mesorectal excision plane and adjacent organs in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (n=64) and Peking University First Hospital (n=109) from 2010 January to 2021 December were collected retrospectively. Laparoscopic PE (LPE) had been performed on 82 of these patients and open PE (OPE) on 91. Short- and long-term outcomes (1-, 3-, and 5-year overall and disease-free survival and 1- and 3-year cumulative local recurrence rates) were compared between these groups. Results: The only statistically significant difference in baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05) was administration of neoadjuvant therapy. Compared with OPE, LPE had a significantly shorter operative time (319.3±129.3 minutes versus 417.3±155.0 minutes, t=4.531, P<0.001) and less intraoperative blood loss (175 [20-2000] ml vs. 500 [20-4500] ml, U=2206.500, P<0.001). The R0 resection rates were 98.8% and 94.5%, respectively (χ2=2.355, P=0.214). At 18.3% (15/82), and the incidence of perioperative complications was lower in the LPE group than in the OPE group (37.4% [34/91], χ2=7.727, P=0.005). The rates of surgical site infection were 7.3% (6/82) and 23.1% (21/91) in the LPE and OPE group, respectively (χ2=8.134, P=0.004). The rates of abdominal wound infection were 0 and 12.1% (11/91) (χ2=10.585, P=0.001), respectively, and of urinary tract infection 0 and 6.6% (6/91) (χ2=5.601, P=0.030), respectively. Postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the LPE than OPE group (12 [4-60] days vs. 15 [7-87] days, U=2498.000, P<0.001). The median follow-up time was 40 (2-88) months in the LPE group and 59 (1-130) months in the OPE group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 91.3%, 76.0%, and 62.5%, respectively, in the LPE group, and 91.2%, 68.9%, and 57.6%, respectively, in the OPE group. The 1, 3, and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 82.8%, 64.9%, and 59.7%, respectively, in the LPE group and 76.9%, 57.8%, and 52.7%, respectively, in the OPE group. The 1- and 3-year cumulative local recurrence rates were 5.1% and 14.1%, respectively, in the LPE group and 8.0% and 15.1%, respectively, in the OPE group (both P>0.05). Conclusions: In locally advanced rectal cancer patients, LPE is associated with shorter operative time, less intraoperative blood loss, fewer perioperative complications, and shorter hospital stay compared with OPE. It is safe and feasible without compromising oncological effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Blood Loss, Surgical , Laparoscopy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 222-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971255

ABSTRACT

The China PelvEx Collaborative, under the direction of Colorectal Cancer Committee of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association, Gastrointestinal Surgery Committee of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health, has formulated and issued the Chinese expert consensus for primary rectal cancer beyond total mesorectal excision planes and locally recurrent rectal cancer (2023 edition) , with the academic support of the Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Chinese Journal of Colorectal Disease (Electronic Edition). This Consensus refers to the expert consensus developed by the International PelvEx Collaboration, incorporates the latest international multi-center research results and combines the latest research results in China. The Consensus unifies some definitions, clarifies the surgical indications, and puts forward the definition and preventive measures of "empty pelvic syndrome" earlier. For the controversial classification of local recurrent rectal cancer, the Chinese classification was proposed for the first time in Consensus. At the same time, the definition of pelvic exenteration is controversial, and a more consistent cognition is proposed. It is believed that, with the in-depth research on complicated rectal cancer, C-PelvEx will gather more higher-level data from clinical research in several domestic centers, so as to further enrich the content of the updated Consensus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Pelvic Exenteration , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 436-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical safety and feasibility of overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis (ODA) in totally laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (TLRHC). Methods: From May 2017 to October 2019, of the 219 patients who underwent TLRHC at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, 104 cases underwent ODA (ODA group) and 115 cases underwent conventional extracorporeal anastomosis (control group) were compared the surgical outcomes, postoperative recovery, pathological outcomes and perioperative complications. Results: The length of the skin incision in the ODA group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(5.6±0.9) cm vs. (7.1±1.7) cm, P<0.05], and the time to first flatus and first defecation after surgery in the ODA group was significantly earlier than that in the control group [(1.7±0.7) days vs. (2.0±0.7) days; (3.2±0.6) days vs. (3.3±0.7) days, P<0.05]. While the anastomosis time, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the time of first ground activities, the number of bowel movements within 12 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay, tumor size, the distal and proximal margins, the number of lymph node harvested and postoperative TNM stage in the ODA group did not differ from that of the control group (P>0.05). The postoperative complication rates of patients in the ODA group and the control group were 3.8% (4/104) and 4.3% (5/115), respectively, and the difference was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The application of ODA technology in TLRHC can significantly shorten thelength of skin incisionand the recovery time of bowel function, and can obtain satisfactory short-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colectomy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Feasibility Studies , Gastrointestinal Tract/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 500-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943026

ABSTRACT

In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has been widely used in surgery of colorectal cancer. The rapid development of NOSES is mainly attributed to its own great advantages and values, including the reduction of surgical trauma, the acceleration of postoperative recovery and the reduction of adverse psychological reactions for patients. These advantages of NOSES are also important embodiment and perfect interpretation of the organ functional protection. Organ functional preservation is a hot topic in surgery today, and it is also an inevitable requirement for minimally invasive surgery. Essentially, NOSES and organ functional preservation are proposed in the same background, and the goals are highly compatible. NOSES is an important practitioner of organ functional preservation, and organ functional preservation is also the vane of the development of the theoretical system of NOSES. These two items complement each other and together constitute the important element in the development of modern minimally invasive surgery. In order to comprehensively discuss the relationship between NOSES and organ functional protection, we elaborate the important role and value of functional protection in NOSES from five key procedures of colorectal surgery, namely surgical approach, extent of resection, lymph node dissection, digestive tract reconstruction and specimen extraction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Laparoscopy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Specimen Handling , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1385-1390, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal in patients after resection of rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients who underwent total laparoscopic loop ileoscopic loop ileostomy after radical resection of rectal cancer at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, or Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital from October 2019 to June 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: All patients had successfully underwent total laparoscopic ileostomy reversal without conversion to open surgery or discontinued operation. No perioperative related death cases were found. In the whole group, the median operation time was 97 (60-145) minutes and the median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-100) milliliters. The median Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score was 1.9 (1-5) one day after the operation. Nobody needed to use additional analgesic drugs. The median time to grand activities was 25 (16-42) hours, the median time to flatus was 44 (19-51) hours, and the median hospitalization after operation was 6.9 (5-9) days. No patients underwent operation related complications such as operative incision infection, abdominal and pelvic infection, intestinal obstruction, anastomotic leakage, bleeding and so on. Conclusions: Total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal appears to be safe, feasible and with promising efficacy for selected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ileostomy , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Anastomotic Leak , Anastomosis, Surgical
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 82-88, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936049

ABSTRACT

Rectal cancer is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract, and surgery is the main treatment strategy. Disorders of bowel, anorectal and urogenital function remain common problems after total mesorectal resection (TME), which seriously decreases the quality of life of patients. Surgical nerve damage is one of the main causes of the complications, while TME with pelvic autonomic nerve preservation is an effective way to reduce the occurrence of adverse outcomes. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) is a promising method to assist the surgeon to identify and protect the pelvic autonomic nerves. Nevertheless, the monitoring methods and technical standards vary, and the clinical use of IONM is still limited. This review aims to summarize the researches on IONM in rectal and pelvic surgery. The electrical nerve stimulation technique and different methods of IONM in rectal cancer surgery are introduced. Also, the authors discuss the limitations of current researches, including methodological disunity and lack of equipment, then prospect the future direction in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Pathways , Pelvis/surgery , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 433-439, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942906

ABSTRACT

Objective: At present, though the laparoscopic delta-shaped anastomosis and overlapping delta-shaped anastomosis have been gradually applied to complete laparoscopic radical resection of left hemicolon cancer, the comparative evaluation of their efficacy has not been mentioned in the published literatures. This study aims to explore the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of overlapping delta-shaped anastomosis (ODA) in totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. The clinical and pathological data of patients who underwent totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy at Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from May 2017 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The case inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age of 18-75 years; (2) body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-30 kg/m(2); (3) descending colonic and proximal sigmoid colonic adenocarcinoma was confirmed by preoperative colonoscopy and pathology. The exclusion criteria: (1) multiple primary colorectal cancers; (2) uncontrolled or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, immune system diseases, or hematological diseases; (3) severe intestinal obstruction; (4) left transverse colonic or splenic flexure colonic adenocarcinoma; (5) distant metastasis of liver, lung and other viscera determined by enhanced computed tomography in the chest, abdomen and pelvis. According to the above criteria, a total of 115 patients with left hemicolon cancer were enrolled. All the patients underwent totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy. Patients who underwent laparoscopic traditional delta-shaped anastomosis were selected as the control group. Patients who underwent laparoscopic ODA were selected as the ODA group. Effects of these two laparoscopic reconstruction methods on postoperative recovery and perioperative complications were analyzed and compared. Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled in the ODA group, including 32 males and 28 females, with mean age of (57.3±10.4) years and body mass index (BMI) of (25.0±3.1) kg/m(2). While mean 55 patients were enrolled in the control group, including 31 males and 24 females, with mean age of (56.7±9.9) years and BMI of (24.4±2.9) kg/m(2). There was no statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, age, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) classification, TNM staging, preoperative abdominal surgery history, neoadjuvant chemotherapy and nutritional status (levels of hemoglobin, lymphocyte count, prealbumin, and albumin) (all P>0.05). All the patients in both groups received R0 resection without conversion to open laparotomy or conversion to extra-abdominal anastomosis. The digestive tract reconstruction time of the ODA group was significantly shorter than that of the control group [(15.1±1.7) minutes vs. (15.9±2.4) minutes, t=-2.053, P=0.042]. There were no statistically significant differences in the total operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of skin incision, tumor size, proximal and distal margins, harvested lymph nodes, postoperative first ambulatory time, and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). However, the time to the first flatus and the first defecation in the ODA group was significantly shorter as compared to control group [(1.5±0.5) days vs. (1.7±0.5) days, t=-2.028, P=0.045; (3.1±0.6) days vs. (3.4±0.7) days, t=-2.095, P=0.039], indicating faster intestinal function recovery in patients with ODA. The morbidity of postoperative complication was 6.7% (4/60) in the ODA group and 7.3% (4/55) in the control group and no significant difference was found (χ(2)=0.016, P=0.898). Two cases of incision infection, 1 case of lung infection, and 1 case of intra-abdominal infection occurred in the ODA group, while 3 cases of lung infection and 1 case of intra-abdominal infection occurred in the control group. All these complications were resolved after conservative treatment, and no secondary operation was performed due to complications. Conclusion: Compared with the traditional delta-shaped anastomosis, ODA is associated with a faster recovery of postoperative intestinal function without increasing the morbidity of postoperative complications, and has the satisfactory short-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colectomy , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 35-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942861

ABSTRACT

In the past 30 years, minimally invasive surgery has been greatly improved with the development of the energy platform, instrument platform, and imaging platform. Taking colorectal cancer surgery as an example, the five elements of surgical procedure have developed to a certain extent. The surgical approach has undergone a process from large to small. The range of resection ranges from simple bowel resection to radical resection/extended radical resection, and then to surgery that focuses on preserving organ function. With the recognition of the direction of normal lymphatic drainage and the characteristics of tumor lymphatic metastasis, lymph node dissection has been gradually standardized. The reconstruction of the digestive tract has changed from manual sutures to full endoscopic anastomosis, and then to the concept of functional anastomosis. The removal of the specimen has improved from large incision through the abdominal wall, to small laparoscopic incision, and then to the natural cavity. The evolution of these procedures depends on the advancement of technology platforms and equipment, and the recognition of new concepts. The development of minimally invasive platform must be in the direction of ensuring the implementation of the most optimized surgical approach. The platform is more secure, integrated, multifunctional, and intelligent. In the future, minimally invasive procedures must be aimed at maximizing the benefits of patients. The procedures are more scientific, functional, comfortable and diverse. Surgical innovation has promoted the development of the platform. The platform and the surgical procedure promote each other's development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/trends , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/trends , Forecasting , Laparoscopy/trends , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/trends , Suture Techniques/trends
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 613-615, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357178

ABSTRACT

Despite the neoadjuvant therapy and adjuvant therapy improve the curative effect of rectal cancer, surgery plays the most important role in rectal cancer therapy. With the appearance of functional surgery, increasing number of low and ultra-low anastomosis sphincter-preserving operations are being performed, and it is urgent to establish surgical standard for the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal , General Surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 320-322, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290795

ABSTRACT

The majority of ureteric injury is iatrogenic during surgical procedures especially pelvic and retroperitoneal operations. Approximately 10% of ureteric injury is associated with colorectal procedures. The major cause is anatomical anomaly. The types of injuries mainly include contusion, clamp injury, ligation injury, cautery, cut injury and distorted traction to an acute angle. The injuries are mainly located in the lower segment of the ureter. An accurate evaluation of the risk of ureteric injury before rectal cancer operation, a better understanding of anatomy in both normal and abnormal conditions, and ureteral stent placement, are important methods to prevent ureteric injury. Primary repair is the best treatment option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Ureter , Wounds and Injuries
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 211-214, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257525

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate effect of the treatments and prognostic factors of patients with pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 79 patients who suffered from lung metastatic diseases from colorectal cancer in 1990 - 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The number of patients who had received lung operation was 22, and non-operated group contained 57 patients. Compared the prognosis of operated group and non-operated group and analyzed the prognostic factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median survival time after the pulmonary resections was 34.5 months; the overall survival of 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 90.9%, 45.4% and 4.5%, and the overall of 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rate in non-operated group were 59.6%, 14.0% and 0. The surgery (RR = 4.805, 95% CI: 1.864 - 12.384, P = 0.001) and the number of metastasis (RR = 2.177, 95% CI: 1.431 - 3.314, P = 0.010) were the factors that could influence the patients prognosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surgery for pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer is effective.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1017-1019, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312298

ABSTRACT

Patients with pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer have been considered to be associated with poor prognosis. It is a problem to improve survival for patients who suffer pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer by analyzing the prognosis of patients who underwent pulmonary surgery or not and then choose the right treatment regimen. The identification of prognostic factors is particularly important in colorectal cancer patients with pulmonary metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Prognosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 267-270, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the differences in oncologic outcomes between inflammatory adhesion and malignant adhesion in patients with stage IIC colorectal cancer after multivisceral resection(MVR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective review was undertaken of 287 patients who underwent MVR for stage IIC CRC, 120 patients for stage IIB, and 140 patients for IIIA. Patients were divided into two groups: inflammatory adhesion(IA) and malignant invasion(MI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 153 patients with colon cancer and 135 patients with rectal cancer in the stage IIC group. The overall survival was significantly lower in the MI group at 5 years(38.5% vs. 59.4%, P<0.05). Stage IIC patients with IA had similar survival rate to the patients with stage IIB CRC. Compared to the MA group, patients with stage IIIA CRC showed significant differences in 5 years overall survival rate. Univariate analysis showed that differentiation, adhesion pattern, and complication were significant prognostic factors for patients with colon cancer, while pathological characteristics, adhesion pattern, and differentiation were significant for rectal cancer.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MI is an adverse prognostic factor for patients with stage IIC CRC. T4 should be further classified according to the adhesion pattern.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 325-326, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237125

ABSTRACT

Two female patients with rectal tumor undergoing proctectomy via vagina, namely natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), are reported. The operations were performed on June 8 and August 10, 2010, respectively. No Trocar was used in the abdomen except for the transumbilical incision. There were no visible scars in the abdomen. Tubulovillous adenoma and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma were diagnosed respectively through postoperative pathological examination. Both patients resumed normal work and life at the most recent follow up. Sexual life was satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Methods , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Vagina , General Surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 913-916, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237189

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinicopathologic factors associated with prognosis in patients with rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathologic data of 2414 patients with rectal cancer, treated in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University from May 1976 to December 2003, were analyzed retrospectively. Cox regression model was used to assess independent factors associated with prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median survival time was 58 months and the 5-year overall survival rate was 45.1%. Tumors were stage I( in 75.2%, stage II( in 48.1%, stage III( in 21.3%, and stage Ⅳ( in 8.8% of the patients. The 5-year overall survival rates during the three study periods were 41.2%(1976-1986), 43.0%(1987-1996), and 49.1%(1997-2003)(P<0.01). On univariate analysis, age, time at diagnosis, histological type, distant metastasis, type of surgery, intent of surgery, gross morphology, pathologic T stage, lymphatic invasion, bowel obstruction, and TNM stage showed statistically significant association with survival. Independent prognostic factors on multivariable analysis were gross tumor morphology chi-squared value(CV):68.744, pT(CV:81.344), lymphatic invasion(CV:42.951), bowel obstruction(CV:37.856) and TNM stage(CV:85.329).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Survival in patients with rectal cancer is improved over time. TNM stage is the most important prognostic factor for survival in patients with rectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 572-576, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the treatment strategy, prognosis and pattern of recurrence in patients with rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 1979 to November 2006, 314 patients with recurrence after rectal cancer resection were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: local recurrence (LR) and distant metastasis (DM). The clinicopathologic features, treatment strategies and prognosis were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 314 patients with recurrence, 168 (53.5%) were LR with a mean recurrence-free interval (RFI) of (24.7+/-1.9) months and 146 (46.5%) were DM with a mean RFI of (22.7+/-1.9) months. Compared to the DM group, the patients in the LR group showed no significant difference in clinicopathological data except the time to recurrence (P<0.01), primary tumor location (P=0.043), and the postoperative use of chemoradiotherapy (P=0.007). Mean recurrence-specific survival(RSS) was (24.7+/-1.9) months for LR and the 3- and 5-year survival rates were 0.48 and 0.25. The 3- and 5-year survival rates in patients with DM were 0.33 and 0.16 with a mean RSS of (22.7+/-1.9) months. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Cox regression analysis for RSS showed that the time to recurrence, TNM stage, and treatment strategy (including procedure and the use of postoperative chemoradiation) were independently prognosis factors for the patients with recurrence rectal cancer (all P<0.01). Subgroup analyses revealed no significant differences in RFI or RSS among different subgroups within either LR or DM groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Patients of rectal cancer with LR have a better survival than those with DM. Moreover, radical resection can improve the prognosis of patients with recurrence of rectal cancer, especially for patients with early TNM stage of the primary tumor and later period of recurrence.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 577-580, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide basic information for epidemiological research of gastrointestinal (GI) malignant tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of GI cancer diagnosed in 15 hospitals of Heilongjiang province between January 1998 and December 2007 were analyzed retrospectively. The data mainly involved the age of onset, initial symptoms, pathological types, clinical staging and types of surgical procedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Gastric cancer was the most common type (45.8%) among the 33,540 GI cancer cases, then were rectal cancer (27.3%) and colon cancer (26.8%). Right colon cancer cases were more common than the left ones (1.3:1.0), particularly in people over 80 (2.1:1.0). Only 1.3% of colorectal cancer could be found in age under 30 years old. In patients aged 50 to 70, advanced gastric cancer accounted for 70.6%, advanced colon cancer 73.4% and advanced rectal cancer 72.4%. Well-moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma in early gastric cancer was 49.7%, early colon cancer 77.3% and rectal cancer 83.2%. Patients undergone radical excision in early gastric cancer accounted for 69.1%, advanced gastric cancer 79.9%, left colon cancer 91.9%, right colon cancer 83.9% and in rectal cancer for 88.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>People aged 50 to 70 tend to get GI cancer in Heilongjiang province. Gastric cancer is the most common GI cancer. Radical excision is the main choice of therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Distribution , China , Epidemiology , Colonic Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Pathology , Incidence , Rectal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Stomach Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 128-131, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the resection range of mesorectum and rectum below the inferior margin of tumor for the total mesorectum excision (TME) in middle-low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients were enrolled in the study. After TME operation, serial 5 mm interval sections were made in specimens of middle-low rectal cancer. The retrograde metastasis of rectal cancer was observed by routine HE staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The phenomena of retrograde metastasis in mesorectum were found in 15 cases, and the distance of retrograde metastasis was 0.5-4.0(2.47+/-1.06) cm, which was correlated with Dukes stage, lymph node metastasis and histological differentiation. The retrograde metastases in bowel were found in 11 cases, and the distance of retrograde metastasis was 0.5-4.0 (1.64+/-1.16) cm, which was correlated with histological differentiation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The distal mesorectum should be resected at least 4 cm when TME is carried out, and the distal bowel at least 2.5 cm. More than 5 cm mesorectum and bowel should be resected when advanced Dukes stage, extensive lymph node metastasis and poor histological differentiation occurred.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Rectum , Pathology
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-418, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the impact of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on human colorectal carcinoma LS-174T cells and their activity of telomerase.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LS-174T cells and xenograft model of nude mice were treated with As2O3. The inhibitory effect of As2O3 on survival of LS-174T cells was determined by MTT assay. Apoptosis was determined by electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. Cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry. Telomerase activity in LS-174T cells was determined by PCR-ELISA kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the increasing concentration of As2O3, the ratio of living cells to dead cells decreased significantly, and the IC50 value was 5.23 micromol/L. Apoptosis curve appeared after 24 h and cells turned to apoptosis in a time-dependent manner. As2O3 inhibited the telomerase activity in cell extraction, obviously in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner. Inhibitiory effect of As2O3 on xenograft model of nude mice was observed by tumor volume and weight measurement, showing a significant difference between As2O3 and control groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the experiments in vitro and in vivo showed an inhibitory effect of As2O3 on colonrectal cancer S-174T cell growth, probably by induction of apoptosis and inhibition of telomerase activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Microscopy, Electron , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Oxides , Pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Random Allocation , Telomerase , Genetics , Metabolism , Time Factors , Tumor Burden , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 566-570, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346626

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) has many characteristics useful in molecular biology. This paper described an effective way to raise the cell ingestion rate of PNA so as to kill gastric cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Heteroduplexes of PNAs and oligonucleotides, wrapped by Lipofectamine 2000, were used to infect SGC7901 cells. The inhibitive effect of heteroduplexes was evaluated by analyzing cell clone forming and cell growth rate. Telomerase activity of SGC7901 cells was detected by polymerase chain reaction enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA) and silver staining assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PNAs showed a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation. The percentage of proliferation inhibition was 99.4% after 7 days; the rate of cloning inhibition was 98.2% after 8 days; whereas for oligonucleotide groups, at the same concentration, the percentages were 50.1% and 67.5% respectively. Antisense PNA-DNA-Lipofectamine 2000 group (AP-D-L group) exhibited significantly different percentages from the control groups (P < 0.05). The test result indicated that telomerase activity of the AP-D-L group was inhibited (P < 0.05). At the same time, the impact on cell morphology was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results showed that PNAs are potent antisense reagents. The telomerase-associated therapies are very promising for the treatment of malignant tumours.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Division , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins , Peptide Nucleic Acids , Therapeutic Uses , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Telomerase , Metabolism , Transfection
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