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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the advantages of IPSA combined with increasing cervical center dose in intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy (IC/IS) for locally advanced cervical cancer.Methods:A total of 46 stage Ⅱ B cervical cancer patients with, local lesion size≥5 cm after 45 Gy/25f external intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were recruited. Uterine tandem and needles were implanted, CT was performed, and then HR-CTV, rectum, bladder, sigmoid colon and the area of cervix increased dose (HR-cervix) were delineated, IPSA was used for optimization. According to whether the dose of HR-cervix was increased or not, all patients were divided into IC/IS+ HR-cervix group (group A) and IC/IS group (group B). The differences in dosimetric parameters were compared between two groups. Results:The relative uterine tandem dwell time was significantly extended in group A ( P<0.001). In group B, the V 150% and V 200% volumes of HR-cervix were increased from 63.94% and 30.80% to 91.54% and 64.06%. The D 90% and D 100% in group A were significantly lower than those in group B (both P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in organ at risk (OAR) dose. Conclusion:IPSA combined with increasing cervical center dose can meet the HR-CTV D 90% dose requirement, normal tissue dose limits, and can escalate the doses to local areas of the cervix.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903187

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895483

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the physical and neuropsychological development of children with Citrin deficiency (CD).@*METHODS@#A total of 93 children, aged 1.9-59.8 months, who were diagnosed with CD by @*RESULTS@#For the 93 children with CD, the incidence rate of failure to thrive was 25% (23 children) and the proportion of small for gestational age was 47% (44 children). For the 100 cases of CD, the incidence rates of growth retardation, underweight, emaciation, overweight, and microcephalus were 23% (23 cases), 14% (14 cases), 4% (4 cases), 8% (8 cases), and 9% (9 cases), respectively. The incidence rate of neuropsychological developmental delay was 25% (25 cases), and the incidence rates of development delay in the five domains of adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language, and social ability were 7% (7 cases), 15% (15 cases), 7% (7 cases), 9% (9 cases), and 7% (7 cases), respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Physical and neuropsychological developmental delay can be observed in children with CD, and physical and neuropsychological development should be regularly assessed.


Subject(s)
Child , Citrullinemia , Humans , Infant , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888092

ABSTRACT

Fourteen classical prescriptions in the Catalog of 100 Ancient Classical Prescriptions(First Batch) promulgated in 2018 contain Chuanxiong Rhizoma, which reveals the high medicinal value and wide application of Chuanxiong Rhizoma. This paper systematically reviews the ancient herbal books and modern literature to explore the name, origin, genuine producing area, medicinal part, harvesting, and processing of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, thus facilitating the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuan-xiong Rhizoma. It is confirmed that Chuanxiong Rhizoma, formerly known as "Xiongqiong" in Chinese, was first called "Chuanxiong" in late Tang Dynasty, which has been gradually accepted as its official name due to the rise of the status of Chuanxiong Rhizoma produced in Sichuan. The main original plant of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in past dynasties has always been deemed to be Ligusticum chuan-xiong(Umbellifera), whose rhizome serves as the medicinal part. In general, it is best harvested in summer but the harvesting time can vary with different growth environments. Since the Song Dynasty, Sichuan province has been recognized as the genuine producing area of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in light of the high yield and good quality. It is suggested that Chuanxiong Rhizoma from Sichuan be used preferentially in the development of classical prescriptions. There are multiple processing methods of Chuanxiong Rhizoma recorded in ancient medical classics, and the raw(after purifying and slicing) or wine-processed or stir-fried Chuanxiong Rhizoma is still in use today. In the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma is advised to be processed in accordance with current processing standards if the specific processing method is described in the medical classics. If not, the raw Chuanxiong Rhizoma is preferred and then processed following the processing standards of Chuanxiong Rhizoma decoction pieces in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Rhizome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
7.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-9
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214316

ABSTRACT

Mounting evidence has reported that microRNAs (miRNAs) play irreplaceable roles in the development ofkeloid fibrosis. miR-4417 has been reported to contribute to nickel chloride-promoted lung epithelial cellfibrogenesis and tumorigenesis. However, whether miR-4417 is involved in keloid fibrogenesis as well as itsunderlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. In this study, the expression levels of miR-4417 and CyclinD1in keloid tissues and fibroblasts were examined by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation was determined by CCK assay.Western blot and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate cell apoptosis. Cell migration and invasion weremeasured by Transwell assay. Luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm the relationship between miR4417 and CyclinD1. As a result, we found that miR-4417 was significantly down-regulated in keloid tissuesand fibroblasts. miR-4417 up-regulation led to the suppression of proliferation, migration, and invasion, whileinduced cell apoptosis in keloid fibroblasts. However, miR-4417 depletion exerted an opposite effect.CyclinD1 harbored the binding sites with miR-4417. Besides, the expression of CyclinD1 was evidentlydecreased in keloid tissues and fibroblasts. Meanwhile, miR-4417 was negatively correlated with CyclinD1 inkeloid tissue. The effect of CyclinD1 knockdown on keloid fibroblasts was similar to that of miR-4417overexpression. Furthermore, the elevated of CyclinD1 expression rescued the effect of miR-4417 up-regulation on keloid fibroblasts. miR-4417/CyclinD1 axis was required for cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration,and invasion in keloid fibroblasts. In conclusion, miR-4417 and CyclinD1 may be potential therapeutic targetsfor the treatment of keloid.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787728

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sublingual immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides Farinae on the expression of specific IgG4(sIgG4) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Hainan area. Seventy-two patients with dust-mite allergic rhinitis, all three generations of whom were local islanders in Hainan, were randomly divided into control group(36 cases) and SLIT group(36 cases). sIgG4 and sIgE expression levels were detected before treatment, 6 months after treatment, 12 months after treatment, and 18 months after treatment. The patient's symptom score, medication score, VAS score and adverse reactions was also assessed. Finally, through statistical analysis of the relevant data collected at 4 time points in the two groups of patients, the efficacy, safety and changes of sIgG4 antibody expression level in patients with allergic rhinitis receiving sublingual specific immunotherapy in Hainan were observed. Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores were significantly improved in the SLIT group after treatment compared with before treatment(0.05). In the control group, symptom scores, medication scores and VAS scores were also significantly improved compared with before treatment(0.05). When comparing the two groups, Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores of the SLIT group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 12 months and 18 months after treatment(0.05). No severe systemic adverse reactions occurred in the two groups, and 3 patients showed mild adverse reactions in the SLIT group. Sublingual immunotherapy of Dermatophagoides Farinae was effective and could increase the expression of sIgG4 in patients with Dermatophagoides farinae AR, sIgG4 is expected to be an immunological marker for the objective evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Hapten.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical medication regulation for the prevention and treatment of new coronavirus pneumonia with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),especially prescriptions,on the basis of "treatment in accordance with seasonal conditions". Method:The guidelines and suggestions on novel coronavirus pneumonia formulated and published by national,provincial and municipal governments and experts before February 17,2020, were retrieved and summarized. Data was recorded in stages according to "prevention period,clinical observation period,pre-clinical period,middle clinical period,late clinical period and recovery period". The frequency analysis of TCM and its efficacy,prescription and proprietary Chinese medicine was carried out,and then the factor analysis and cluster analysis of TCM were carried out to obtain rational drug combinations. Result:Totally 172 suggestions on combined structure of drugs,50 suggestions on prescriptions and 31 suggestions on proprietary Chinese medicine were involved in the study,and provided by 24 official agencies and 24 medical experts, 147 kinds of herbs,44 prescriptions and 16 proprietary Chinese medicines were collected. No matter for the drug category or for the specific drug selection,the law of drug use in different stages was not the same. Huoxiang Zhengqi capsule,Shufeng Jiedu capsule,Lianhua Qingwen capsule and Jinhua Qinggan capsule can be used in the observation period. Xuanbai Chengqitang can be used in the middle of the disease. Angong Niuhuangwan,Suhexiangwan or Zixuedan, and Angong Niuhuangwan can be selected in the middle of the disease. And Qingfei Paidu decoction can be used in all stages of the disease. Conclusion:Doctors need to adjust their prescriptions along with the progress of the disease,because the law of medication in each stage of the new coronavirus pneumonia is different.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872231

ABSTRACT

Different from the traditional health technology assessment(HTA), hospital-based health technology assessment(HB-HTA) is mainly based on the perspective of the hospital to carry out economic analysis, commonly used cost-effectiveness analysis combined with budget impact analysis methods. It pays attention to the current medical costs and effects, and supports the hospital′s internal health technology access, purchase pricing, elimination and other decisions. In the context of deepening the reform of medical insurance payment mode in China, the hospital internal medicine decision-making based on HB-HTA is particularly important. Based on the economic characteristics of health technology, the authors analyzed the differences between HB-HTA and traditional HTA in carrying out economic evaluation, introduced the steps, contents, indicators and methods of HB-HTA economic evaluation, and put forward relevant strategic suggestions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in information needs of doctors, middle managers, and hospital leaders in tertiary public hospitals in the process of new technology access.Methods:From January to October 2018, 1 200 doctors and hospital administrators from 30 tertiary public hospitals in 8 provinces were selected. The importance scores of different positions for decision-making information demand of new technology introduction were collected through questionnaire survey, and the scores were analyzed by SPSS 25.0 software. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed.Results:1 032 valid questionnaires were obtained. Hospital-level leaders, middle-level managers, and doctors scored higher on the clinical application, safety, and effectiveness of technology at home and abroad(more than 4 points, maximum 5 points). Hospital-level leaders and middle-level managers had higher scores on effectiveness, evidence quality, possibility of being covered by medical insurance, ethics and relevant indicators of strategic level, while doctors had higher scores on health economics and organizational indicators.Conclusions:There are some differences in the information demand for new technology access among different positions in tertiary public hospitals. Understanding the decision-making needs of different positions is conducive to promoting the actual implementation of hospital-based health technology assessment standards in China′s public hospitals.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872218

ABSTRACT

New " management measures and regulations for medical technology clinical use and research" was officially implemented on November 1, 2018. Under the background of the adjustment of the national medical technology clinical application management system, the authors collected and analyzed the research on the clinical application management and evaluation of medical technology from 30 tertiary public hospitals in 8 provinces, as well as other data, summarized the current status and problems, attempted to provide reference for the optimization and system construction of medical technology management and evaluation system in China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the serological feature and molecular mechanism for a case with A307 subgroup of the ABO blood group system.@*METHODS@#Serological assay was carried out to determine the ABO blood group of the proband and his family members. Genotypes for exons 1 to 7 of the ABO gene were determined with sequence-specific primer polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR) and direct sequencing. The impact of the variant on the stability of alpha-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GTA) was predicted through construction of a 3D molecular model.@*RESULTS@#The proband, his brother and daughter were diagnosed with Aend phenotype by serological analysis. Their ABO genotype was determined as A307/O02, with heterozygous c.467C>T (p.P156L) and c.745C>T (p.R249W) variants identified in exon 7 of the ABO gene. Molecular modeling suggested that the p.R249W variant may alter the number of hydrogen bonds between the amino acids. The protein was predicted to have a decreased Δ Δ G value of thermodynamic stability.@*CONCLUSION@#The p.R249W variant may give rise to the A307 subgroup by reducing the stability of the GTA enzyme, leading to serological features of Aend phenotype.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1908-1913, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825178

ABSTRACT

Pazufloxacin eardrops are a topical quinolone agent for the treatment of outer ear infection. The present study evaluated the pharmacokinetics and topical distribution of pazufloxacin eardrops by a sensitive LC-MS/MS method for determining pazufloxacin in plasma and otorrhea. Plasma and otorrhea samples were extracted by acetonitrile-induced protein precipitation and were subjected to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric analysis with an electrospray ionization interface. The samples were separated on an HSS T3 column (50 mm×2.1 mm, 1.8 μm). To avoid the matrix effect, gradient elution was performed with the mobile phase consisting of methanol and 1 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate aqueous solution (0.1% formic acid). The ion transitions for pazufloxacin and pazufloxacin-d4 were m/z 319.1→281.2 and m/z 323.1→285.2, respectively, under the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The method was linear in the range of 0.010 0 - 8.00 ng·mL-1 for pazufloxacin in plasma and 0.500 - 1 000 ng·mg-1 in otorrhea. The intra- and inter-day accuracy and precision for pazufloxacin in plasma and in otorrhea met acceptable criteria. The clinical trial was approved by the Society of Ethics and conducted in Nanjing First Hospital and Jiangsu Province Hospital. The validated methods were used in a systemic and topical pharmacokinetic study of 0.1% pazufloxacin eardrops in 3 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1812-1822, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825150

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and bioinformatics technology were used to predict the mechanism of action of Fuzi-Lizhong pill (FLP) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). 26 components (23 prototype compounds and 3 metabolites) in the blood of FLP were selected as the research objects. PharmMapper database, SwissTargetPrediction platform, GeneCards and OMIM database were used to screen and predict potential targets of FLP in blood. The protein-protein interaction network model was constructed by using String database and Cytoscape software. DAVID platform, KEGG and Reactome databases were used for GO analysis and pathway analysis of potential targets. Network of drug ingredients-targets-pathways was constructed by Cytoscape software. AutoDock vina software was used to dock the molecules of the absorbed ingredients of FLP in blood with the key targets. 82 potential targets of FLP for treatment of UC were obtained. Potential targets mainly involve biological processes such as response to organic substance, regulation of apoptosis, regulation of programmed cell death, which played roles in the treatment of UC by adjusting pathways in cancer, Colorectal cancer, Vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway, Mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism and the other signal pathways. From the perspective of network pharmacology, this study predicted the mechanisms of action of FLP in treating UC, indicating that FLP in treating UC had the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple pathways, which laid a foundation for further research.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821522

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sublingual immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides Farinae on the expression of specific IgG4(sIgG4) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Hainan area.@*Method@#Seventy-two patients with dust-mite allergic rhinitis, all three generations of whom were local islanders in Hainan, were randomly divided into control group(36 cases) and SLIT group(36 cases). sIgG4 and sIgE expression levels were detected before treatment, 6 months after treatment, 12 months after treatment, and 18 months after treatment. The patient's symptom score, medication score, VAS score and adverse reactions was also assessed. Finally, through statistical analysis of the relevant data collected at 4 time points in the two groups of patients, the efficacy, safety and changes of sIgG4 antibody expression level in patients with allergic rhinitis receiving sublingual specific immunotherapy in Hainan were observed. @*Result@#Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores were significantly improved in the SLIT group after treatment compared with before treatment(P<0.05), and serum sIgG4 increased significantly(P<0.01), serum sIgE showed no significant change(P>0.05). In the control group, symptom scores, medication scores and VAS scores were also significantly improved compared with before treatment(P<0.05), while serum sIgG4 and sIgE showed no significant change(P>0.05). When comparing the two groups, Symptoms scores, medication scores and VAS scores of the SLIT group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 12 months and 18 months after treatment(P<0.05). sIgG4 expression levels in the SLIT group were significantly higher than those in the control group after 6, 12 and 18 months of treatment(P<0.01). There was no significant difference in sIgE expression level between the two groups(P>0.05). No severe systemic adverse reactions occurred in the two groups, and 3 patients showed mild adverse reactions in the SLIT group. @*Conclusion@#Sublingual immunotherapy of Dermatophagoides Farinae was effective and could increase the expression of sIgG4 in patients with Dermatophagoides farinae AR, sIgG4 is expected to be an immunological marker for the objective evaluation of the clinical efficacy of Hapten.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2157-2167, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774636

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Handan Eye Study (HES), a large population-based cohort study in rural area of northern China, was one of the few studies focusing on the major eye diseases of rural Chinese population. The aim of this study was to introduce the design, methodology and to assess the data quality of the follow-up phase of HES.@*METHODS@#All participants were recruited in Yongnian county of Handan city between 2012 and 2013. Main outcomes were measured by visual quality scales and ocular examinations. We performed the Chi-square test to make comparison of categorical data among groups, One-way analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to make comparison of continuous data among groups, a post-hoc test was done to make further pairwise comparison. Inter-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Kappa coefficients were used to evaluate the consistency between different operators. Logistic regression was used to explore the influence factors of death, odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate the effect size of each influence factor.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up rate was 85.3%. Subjects were classified into three groups: the follow-up group (n = 5394), the loss to follow-up group (n = 929), and the dead group (n = 507), comparison of their baseline information was done. Compared with the other two groups, age of the dead group (66.52 ± 10.31 years) was the oldest (Z = 651.293, P < 0.001), male proportion was the highest (59.0%) (χ = 42.351, P < 0.001), only 65.9% of the dead finished middle school education (Z = 205.354, P < 0.001). The marriage percentage, body mass index (BMI), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and intra-ocular pressure of the dead group was the lowest either. Spherical equivalent error (SER) of the dead group was the highest. Besides, history of smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease were more common in the dead group. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR = 1.901, 95% CI: 1.074-1.108), gender (OR = 0.317, 95% CI: 0.224-0.448), and BCVA (OR = 0.282, 95% CI: 0.158-0.503) were associated with death. While between the follow-up group and the loss to follow-up group, there was only difference on age, gender, BMI, systolic blood pressure and SER. The Cronbach coefficients of all scales used in the follow-up were ≥0.63 and the cumulative variances were ≥0.61, indicating good reliability and validity. The ICCs and Kappa coefficients between different operators were ≥0.69.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HES has a high follow-up rate and a low risk of loss to follow-up bias. Age, gender, and BCVA are influence factors of death. Specifically, male subjects are at a higher risk of death than female, age is a risk factor of death while BCVA is a protective factor for death.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774126

ABSTRACT

Dubin-Johnson syndrome (DJS) is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from biallelic mutations of ABCC2 gene, with long-term or intermittent conjugated hyperbilirubinemia being the main clinical manifestation. This paper aims to report the clinical features and ABCC2 genotypes of an infant with DJS. A 9.5-month-old male infant was referred to the hospital due to abnormal liver function discovered over 9 months. The major clinical presentation was prolonged jaundice since neonatal period. A series of biochemistry analysis revealed markedly elevated total bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin and total bile acids. The patient had been managed in different hospitals, but the therapeutic effects were unsatisfactory due to undetermined etiology. Physical examination revealed jaundiced skin and sclera, and a palpable liver 3 cm below the right subcostal margin with medium texture. The spleen was not enlarged. Genetic analysis revealed a splice-site variant c.3988-2A>T and a nonsense variant c.3825C>G (p.Y1275X) in the ABCC2 gene of the infant, which were inherited from his mother and father respectively. The former had not been previously reported. Then ursodeoxycholic acid and phenobarbital were given orally. Half a month later, as a result, his jaundice disappeared and the biochemistry indices improved. However, the long-term outcome needs to be observed. Literature review revealed that neonates/infants with DJS presented with cholestatic jaundice soon after birth as the major clinical feature, and the ABCC2 variants exhibited marked heterogeneity.


Subject(s)
Bile Acids and Salts , Bilirubin , Humans , Infant , Jaundice , Jaundice, Chronic Idiopathic , Genetics , Male , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Ursodeoxycholic Acid
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804563

ABSTRACT

@#To improve the oral bioavailability of insulin, an insulin-loaded enteric polymer-lipid hybrid nanoparticles(INS-NPs L100)was prepared using methoxy PEG-poly(D, L-lactide)(PEG-PLA), phospholipid s75 and Eudragit L100; in vitro and in vivo behaviors of INS-NPs L100 were evaluated. Insulin-loaded polymer-lipid hybrid nanoparticles(INS-NPs)were prepared by W/O/W double emulsion solvent evaporation method. INS-NPs formulation was optimized by single factor experiment using encapsulation efficiency, particle size, and in vitro release behavior of the corresponding INS-NPs L100 as evaluation indexes. The morphology, in vitro drug release profile and hypoglycemic effect of the INS-NPs L100 using the optimal INS-NPs and Eudragit® L100(used as enteric polymer)were assessed. The results showed that the encapsulation efficiency of the optimal INS-NPs was(62. 18±4. 51)%. The average particle size, PDI and Zeta potential was(225. 2±94. 3)nm, 0. 191±0. 068, and -(14. 84±1. 26)mV, respectively. The cumulative drug release from the INS-NPs L100 was only 8. 01% at 2 h in pH 1. 0 HCl solution, exhibiting a slow drug release behavior; while the drug release from INS-NPs L100 was 67. 31% at 6 h in phosphate buffer of pH 6. 8. Mereorer, after oral administration of INS-NPs L100 with a dose of 38 IU/kg, the blood glucose concentration of healthy rats was reduced to 76% of the initial values at 3. 5 h, exhibiting a sustained hypoglycemic effect. In summary, the INS-NPs L100 prepared in this study could effectively decrease the release rate of insulin in gastric juice, improve the stability of protein in the gastrointestinal tract, and provide a new approach for the oral administration of peptides and protein drugs.

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