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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899166

ABSTRACT

Background@#and PurposeTo determine the diagnostic value of straight head hanging (SHH) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We retrospectively included 62 patients (age=56.2±15.0 years, 47 female) with unilateral PC-BPPV who underwent both the Dix-Hallpike maneuver and SHH before receiving canalith repositioning therapy (CRT) between September 2017 and July 2020 at the Dizziness Center of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in South Korea (16 patients, 25.8%) or the Neurology Outpatient Clinic of Aerospace Central Hospital in China (46 patients, 74.2%). SHH was performed before (n=29, group A) or after (n=33, group B) the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. @*Results@#Torsional upbeat nystagmus typical of PC-BPPV was induced during SHH in 52 (83.9%) patients, and the incidence of this type of positional nystagmus did not differ between the groups A and B (79.3% vs. 87.9%, p=0.569). The maximum slow-phase velocity of the induced upbeat nystagmus was higher during SHH than during the Dix-Hallpike maneuver toward the lesion side [range=2.0–60.0°/s (median=18.5°/s) vs. range=2.7–40.0°/s (median=13.4°/s), p<0.001]. Reversal of the positional nystagmus was observed upon resuming the sitting position after SHH in 47 (75.8%) patients and after the Dix-Hallpike maneuver in 54 (87.7%) patients, with no significant difference between the groups (p=0.082). @*Conclusions@#SHH is effective for diagnosing PC-BPPV. Given its simplicity, SHH may be performed before the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, and CRT may be attempted thereafter when the typical positional nystagmus for unilateral PC-BPPV is induced during SHH.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899136

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose This study aimed to determine the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with persistent geotropic (pG) and persistent apogeotropic (pAG) direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN). @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 30 patients with pG-DCPN and 44 patients with pAG-DCPN. All patients underwent neurological and neurotological examinations, including an evaluation of gaze-evoked nystagmus, eye-movement tests, and assessments of limb ataxia and balance, as well as magnetic resonance imaging to exclude central causes. The characteristics of positional nystagmus were detected using the supine roll test (SRT) and bow-andlean test (BLT). The null point (NP) at which the nystagmus disappeared was determined. All patients were treated with the barbecue maneuver, and treatment efficacy was evaluated immediately, 1 week, and 1 month after treatment. @*Results@#The history of diseases associated with atherosclerosis, peripheral vestibular disorders, otological disease, and migraine differed significantly between patients with pG-DCPN and pAG-DCPN. The affected sides of persistent horizontal DCPN can be determined using the SRT and the BLT, while determining the second NP and vestibular function as well as performing an audiological evaluation can be used to assist in identifying the affected side. The efficacy rates immediately and 1 week after treatment with the barbecue maneuver were higher in patients with pAG-DCPN than in patients with pG-DCPN. @*Conclusions@#pAG-DCPN was more compatible with the characteristics of cupulolithiasis, and pG-DCPN was more likely to be associated with a light cupula rather than canalolithiasis. pAG-DCPN was more likely to be accompanied by a disease associated with atherosclerosis, while pG-DCPN was often accompanied by autoimmune-related diseases and a history of migraine. The associations between pAG-DCPN, pG-DCPN, and the above-mentioned diseases need to be clarified further. The canalith-repositioning maneuver was effective in patients with pAG-DCPN and ineffective in patients with pG-DCPN, but most cases of pGDCPN are self-limiting.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891462

ABSTRACT

Background@#and PurposeTo determine the diagnostic value of straight head hanging (SHH) in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the posterior semicircular canal (PC-BPPV). @*Methods@#We retrospectively included 62 patients (age=56.2±15.0 years, 47 female) with unilateral PC-BPPV who underwent both the Dix-Hallpike maneuver and SHH before receiving canalith repositioning therapy (CRT) between September 2017 and July 2020 at the Dizziness Center of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital in South Korea (16 patients, 25.8%) or the Neurology Outpatient Clinic of Aerospace Central Hospital in China (46 patients, 74.2%). SHH was performed before (n=29, group A) or after (n=33, group B) the Dix-Hallpike maneuver. @*Results@#Torsional upbeat nystagmus typical of PC-BPPV was induced during SHH in 52 (83.9%) patients, and the incidence of this type of positional nystagmus did not differ between the groups A and B (79.3% vs. 87.9%, p=0.569). The maximum slow-phase velocity of the induced upbeat nystagmus was higher during SHH than during the Dix-Hallpike maneuver toward the lesion side [range=2.0–60.0°/s (median=18.5°/s) vs. range=2.7–40.0°/s (median=13.4°/s), p<0.001]. Reversal of the positional nystagmus was observed upon resuming the sitting position after SHH in 47 (75.8%) patients and after the Dix-Hallpike maneuver in 54 (87.7%) patients, with no significant difference between the groups (p=0.082). @*Conclusions@#SHH is effective for diagnosing PC-BPPV. Given its simplicity, SHH may be performed before the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, and CRT may be attempted thereafter when the typical positional nystagmus for unilateral PC-BPPV is induced during SHH.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891432

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose This study aimed to determine the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with persistent geotropic (pG) and persistent apogeotropic (pAG) direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN). @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 30 patients with pG-DCPN and 44 patients with pAG-DCPN. All patients underwent neurological and neurotological examinations, including an evaluation of gaze-evoked nystagmus, eye-movement tests, and assessments of limb ataxia and balance, as well as magnetic resonance imaging to exclude central causes. The characteristics of positional nystagmus were detected using the supine roll test (SRT) and bow-andlean test (BLT). The null point (NP) at which the nystagmus disappeared was determined. All patients were treated with the barbecue maneuver, and treatment efficacy was evaluated immediately, 1 week, and 1 month after treatment. @*Results@#The history of diseases associated with atherosclerosis, peripheral vestibular disorders, otological disease, and migraine differed significantly between patients with pG-DCPN and pAG-DCPN. The affected sides of persistent horizontal DCPN can be determined using the SRT and the BLT, while determining the second NP and vestibular function as well as performing an audiological evaluation can be used to assist in identifying the affected side. The efficacy rates immediately and 1 week after treatment with the barbecue maneuver were higher in patients with pAG-DCPN than in patients with pG-DCPN. @*Conclusions@#pAG-DCPN was more compatible with the characteristics of cupulolithiasis, and pG-DCPN was more likely to be associated with a light cupula rather than canalolithiasis. pAG-DCPN was more likely to be accompanied by a disease associated with atherosclerosis, while pG-DCPN was often accompanied by autoimmune-related diseases and a history of migraine. The associations between pAG-DCPN, pG-DCPN, and the above-mentioned diseases need to be clarified further. The canalith-repositioning maneuver was effective in patients with pAG-DCPN and ineffective in patients with pG-DCPN, but most cases of pGDCPN are self-limiting.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886845

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate status of helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in Nantong Area and its related factors. Methods A cluster of 1 680 people who underwent a physical examination at a hospital in the Nantong area from June 2020 to February 2021 were selected as the subjects of this survey. All subjects were tested for Hp infection through the 14C-urea breath test and the Hp infection status analyzed. At the same time, the self-filled and interrogative questionnaires made by our hospital were used to collect general data of the research subjects, and then single-factor and multi-factor logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors affecting Hp infection in the physical examination population in Nantong area. Results Among the 1 680 medical examiners investigated in this study, 980 were positive for Hp infection, and the overall positive rate of infection was 58.33%. The results of univariate analysis found that Hp infection was related to the age, drinking, hotness, frequent eating of pickled food, family history of gastric cancer, and chronic gastritis in the physical examination population in Nantong area (P60 years old (OR=3.46, 95%CI: 1.35-8.84), drinking (OR=5.22, 95%CI: 2.79-9.77), addiction to spicy food (OR=5.47, 95%CI: 2.45-9.30), regular consumption of pickled foods (OR=5.28, 95%CI: 3.48-7.92), family history of gastric cancer (OR=4.29, 95%CI: 2.86-76.45), chronic gastritis (OR=5.07, 95%CI: 2.79-9.22) were all related factors affecting Hp infection(P<0.05). Conclusion Positive rate of HP infection in physical examination population in Nantong area is high, and it is related to age, drinking alcohol, spicy food, eating pickled food frequently, family history of gastric cancer, chronic gastritis and other factors. To strengthen the publicity and education of HP infection, establish good eating habits and reduce the risk factors to prevent HP infection in physical examination population in Nantong area.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 606-609, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for rapid determination of iodine in whole blood by direct alkali dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Methods:Totally 0.50 ml whole blood sample was collected, and 2% ammonia and 0.01% Triton X-100 solution were added to constitute a total volume of 10.0 ml. After shaking to uniformity, 1.0 μg/ml rhodium and 20% isopropanol were used as on-line internal standard solution. The flow ratio of internal standard solution to the solution to be measured was 1∶16. The sample was quantitatively determined by ICP-MS. The linear range, limit of detection (LOD), accuracy and precision of the method were evaluated.Results:Iodine in whole blood could be determined and had a good linear relationship within the range of 0-200 μg/L, with correlation coefficient ( r) > 0.999. The LOD of the method was 0.1 μg/L, the limit of quantitation (LOQ) was 0.3 μg/L, the recovery rate of iodine in whole blood was 88.5%-106.1%, and the relative standard deviation was 2.2%-4.7% ( n=7). Conclusions:A method for rapid determination of iodine in whole blood by direct alkali dilution ICP-MS is successfully established. This method is accurate, simple, rapid, and highly automatic, and it can be widely applied in determination of iodine in whole blood.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694609

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the family nursing intervention on treatment of children with asthma, and explore the effect of family nursing intervention on the pulmonary function and quality of life in asthmatic children. Methods A total of 260 children with asthma were recruited at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from July 2012 to July 2015. They were randomly divided into observation and control groups with 130 cases in each group. The control group were given routine nursing and regular treatment, and the observation group were received additional family nursing intervention management at the same time. We use Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) and pulmonary function testing to evaluate the influence of family nursing intervention on treatment effect and quality of life of asthmatic children. Results The total effective rate was 93% in the observation group and was 65% in the control group (P<0.05) . The pulmonary function and quality of life were significant higher in the intervention group compared with the control group after intervention. Parents’satisfaction was significantly higher in the intervention group (P<0.05) . Conclusion Family nursing intervention is an effective mode of management of children with asthma that can obviously improve pulmonary function and quality of life of asthmatic children. Moreover, family nursing intervention also contributes to raising parents'satisfaction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845379

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and optimize the syntheses of dimorpholine benzothiazole-phenylurea selective PI3Kß inhibitors. Methods With 2, 4, 6-three bromine aniline as the raw material, all the target compounds were prepared through thiophosgene, cyclization, Buchwald-Hartwig cross coupling reaction and Suzuki coupling. The structures of intermediates and target compounds were characterized by MS and 1H NMR spectra. Results Six derivatives were synthesized. Compared with the method reported in the literature, the total yield of this new synthesis method increased from 16.2% to 26.9%. Conclusion The raw materials of optimized synthesis method are cheap and easy to obtain, and the reaction operation steps are simplified. The post-processing process avoids steps of column chromatography and improves the experimental efficiency.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To access the toxicity of forsythin from Forsythia suspensa leaves and evaluate its safety.@*METHODS@#Acute toxicity was determined by oral administration of a single dose of 18100 mg/kg forsythin in NIH mice. Sub-chronic toxicity was evaluated by oral administration of several doses of forsythin for 30 days at does of 0, 540, 1620, and 6480 mg/kg in SD rats.@*RESULTS@#In the acute toxicity study, mortality was not observed after 14 days. In addition, clinically relevant adverse effects, or variations in body weight or food consumption were not observed. Similarly, after 30 days in the sub-chronic toxicity study, no mortality or significant toxicological effects such as decreased food consumption, body weight, biochemical parameters and vital organs etc. were noticed.@*CONCLUSION@#The results revealed that the forsythin from Forsythia suspensa leaves has low or no toxicity via oral administration, and therefore is suitable for further development and applications.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486913

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of respiratory viruses in children from Wuxi area.Methods A total of 2 747 cases of children diagnosed with acute respiratory infection in Wuxi during 2011 —2014 were collected.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect nine kinds of respiratory viruses,including influenza virus A (Flu A),influenza virus B (Flu B),parainfluenza virus (PIV)Ⅰ-Ⅳ,adenovirus (ADV),respiratory sycytial virus (RSV),human metaneumovirus (hMPV), human bocavirus (HBov),human coronaviruses (hCov)and human rhinovirus (HRV).The categorical data were compared using chi square test.Results A total of 856 among the 2 747 samples were tested positive for respiratory virus nucleic acid,with the positive rate of 31 .16%.The viral distribution was uneven in different seasons,and the infection peaked in winter and spring.The virus detection rate was highest in age 1 to 2 year group (up to 40.18%),and followed by age 6 to 12 year group (32.63%).Flu A virus was the most frequently detected virus,accounting for 7.54% (207/2 747);followed by PIV, accounting for 6.95 % (191/2 747);and Flu B accounted for 4.22%(116/2 747).There were 84 cases of mixed infection of two or more kinds of respiratory viruses,with positive rate of 3.06% (84/2 747 ). Conclusions Our study suggests that Flu A is the most common pathogen in children with acute respiratory infections in Wuxi area during 2011 —2014;virus detection rate is highest in age 1 to 2 year group;and parainfluenza virus is almost detected throughout the year,while the rest of respiratory viruses are commonly seen in winter and spring.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1967-1969, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637956

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effect of fresh amniotic membrane transplantation ( FAMT) in acute ocular chemical burns. ●METHODS:A prospective study of 25 consecutive cases (36 eyes) with acute ocular chemical burns were treated with FAMT. The clinical efficacy was observed such as the time of amniotic membrane absorbed, corneal epithelialization & transparency, visual acuities and complications. ●RESULTS: With follow-up ranged from 3 to 6mo, 31 eyes′ amniotic membrane were dissolved in 2wk (86%). A total of 33 eyes showed corneal epithelialization in 4wk ( 92%) , 3 eyes showed persistent corneal epithelial defects and need secondary limbal stem cell transplantation or corneal transplantation ( 8%) . A total of 10 eyes showed superficial corneal vascularization (28%), 6 eyes′ cornea were opacity in part (17%), and one eye was symblepharon (3%). ●CONCLUSION:Early FAMT is an effective treatment in the management of acute ocular chemical burns to support epithelial healing, restore ocular surface integrity with potential to improve vision and reduce the incidence of complications. Furthermore, FAMT has advantages of easily obtain and convenient usage, which is suitable in local hospital of our country.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279050

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of hemoperfusion treatment on serum interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-23 levels in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-seven children who were diagnosed with HSP and who had received hemoperfusion treatment between January 2011 and December 2012 were enrolled. Twenty-seven sex- and age-matched healthy children were recruited as normal controls. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure serum concentrations of IL-17 and IL-23.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum IL-23 and IL-17 levels in the HSP group were significantly higher than in the control group (P<0.05). After hemoperfusion treatment, the serum IL-23 and IL-17 levels in the HSP group were significantly reduced to the levels of the control group. Serum serum IL-17 level was positively correlated with serum IL-23 level (P<0.05) in children with HSP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hemoperfusion treatment can reduce serum IL-23 and IL-17 levels in children with HSP, suggesting that the treatment may be effective for HSP.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hemoperfusion , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Blood , Physiology , Interleukin-23 , Blood , Physiology , Male , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics
13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2527-2529, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To review economics of budesonide/formoterol and fluticasone/salmeterol for asthma systematically, and to provide evidence-based basis for rational selection of drug to treat asthma. METHODS:Retrieved from Medline,EMBase, EBM reviews (HTA,NHSEED),CBM,CJFD,Wanfang database,researches about pharmacoeconomics of budesonide/formoterol (test group) versus fluticasone/salmeterol (control group)for asthma were collected,and analyzed with qualitative systematic re-view method. RESULTS:A total of 7 researches and 13 comparative data were included,containing 6 682 patients. The incidence of severe acute asthma of test group were lower than those of control group,with significant difference(P<0.05). The total costs and direct costs of test group were lower than those of control group. Good effect had been achieved in test group with low cost. CONCLUSIONS:Budesonide/formoterol is more cost-effective than fluticasone/salmeterol in teenagers patients and adults who fail to control asthma. Due to limitation of included studies,large-scale and high-quality studies are required for further validation of the conclusion.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353890

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the method for early diagnosis and pathogenesis of MYH9-related syndrome through analysis of the clinical manifestation and gene mutation of a Chinese family with MYH9-related syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from a three-generation Chinese family with MYH9-related syndrome (11 individuals, including 3 patients) and 100 healthy individuals. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and direct sequencing of DNA were performed to analyze mutations of MYH9 gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thrombocytopenia, increased volume of platelet, and granulocyte inclusion bodies were found in the patients with MYH9-related syndrome via a peripheral blood test. A missense mutation of a base pair (G-A) in exon 30 was revealed by PCR amplification and direct sequencing of MYH9 of the proband. That lead to Asp-Asn substitution at position 1424 (D1424N mutation). The mutation was the same as in other patients with MYH9-related syndrome. It was not found in healthy people from the Chinese family or in the other 100 healthy individuals.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Patients with MYH9-related syndrome show diverse symptoms. Mutation of MYH9 gene may be the molecular mechanism of MYH9-related syndrome, and D1424N mutation of MYH9 has not been reported in Chinese people. Early diagnosis of MYH9-related syndrome can be carried out by investigating family history and making early examinations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332395

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To monitor the seasonal distribution of influenza types and subtypes in Wuxi area during 2005-2008, and to investigate the variation in hemagglutinin (HA) genes of A/H3N2 strains in 2008.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nose-throat swab specimens were collected in Wuxi area from flu-like patients from outpatient departments of hospitals as well as from clustering flu-like outbreak patients from workspace, followed by MDCK cell inoculation. Types and subtypes of positive influenza isolates were identified using standard antiserum. We then sequenced the HA genes for H3 subtype influenza viruses isolated from 2008 specimens to investigate the variation in HA genes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During 2005 and September 2008, 435 strains of influenza viruses were isolated from flu-like patients in Wuxi Area, among which 164 isolates are of A/H1N1 subtype, 80 isolates are of A/H3N2 subtype, and 191 isolates are of B type. These types/subtypes have significant seasonal distributions. Sequences of HA genes for H3 subtype show that the 9 strains isolated in Wuxi area are similar to those of strains isolated in Shanghai within the same period. Many of the sequences belong to the same branch of the phylogenetic tree, and are similar to sequences of vaccine strains in WHO 2008-2009 repositories.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A/H1N1, A/H3N2 and B still attribute to most of the sporadic and local outbreaks of influenza infection in Wuxi area in recent years. HA genes of A/H3N2 strains isolated in Wuxi area are similar to those of strains isolated in Shanghai in the same period, and also similar to those of vaccine strains recommended by WHO for 2008-2009.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , China , Epidemiology , Genetic Variation , Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus , Genetics , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype , Classification , Genetics , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Virology , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Population Surveillance
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 448-450, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319214

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impregnate occasion for male renal transplant recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six male renal transplant recipients were divided into 3 groups according to the post-transplantation time and the administered dose of Cyclosporine A: 7 in Group A (less than 6 months after renal transplantation and at the dose of 4.1-6 mg/[kg x d]), 11 in Group B (6-24 months and 2.1-4 mg/[kg x d]) and 8 in Group C (longer than 24 months and 1.3-2 mg/[kg x d]). The semen of the patients were detected and compared with those of 12 normal volunteers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Statistically significant differences were observed in sperm motility and sperm head deformity between Group A and C (P < 0.05), but not in pH value and sperm volume, vitality and concentration among the 3 groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For male renal transplant recipients, 2 years or longer after the transplantation is the most suitable time for impregnation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Coitus , Cyclosporine , Therapeutic Uses , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Postoperative Period , Semen , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Time Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267313

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of embedding thread at Shenshu (BL 23) on clinical pain of postmenopausal osteoporosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six cases were randomly divided into an embedding thread group, an embedding thread plus Leli group and a Leli group. The pain of the patient before treatment, 3 months and 6 months after treatment were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was significant difference before and after treatment in the score of pain in both the embedding thread group and the embedding thread plus Leli group (P < 0.001), with no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05); there was no significant difference before and after treatment in the score of pain in the Leli group (P > 0.05), but with significant differences as compared with other two groups (both P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Embedding thread at Shenshu (BL 23) has very obvious therapeutic effect on clinical pain of postmenopausal osteoporosis, and oral administration of Leli capsule has no significantly therapeutic effect on clinical pain of postmenopausal osteoporosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Therapeutics , Pain , Software
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