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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 244-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913031

ABSTRACT

@#Age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)is a main cause of irreversible visual impairment in the elderly. The major pathological features are drusen formation, macular pigment disorder, geographic atrophy and abnormal neovascularization. Retinal pigment epithelium(RPE)function is impaired in ARMD. Endoplasmic reticulum(ER)is an organelle in eukaryotes responsible for protein synthesis, modification, integration and quality control. ER also participates in the maintenance of calcium homeostasis and lipid biosynthesis. Stimuli from the external and internal environment may trigger ER stress and therefore activate the intracellular signal transduction pathway-the unfolded protein response(UPR), to restore cell homeostasis. However, prolonged ER stress may lead to apoptosis. The pathogenesis of ARMD has not been fully elucidated, nevertheless, compelling evidence demonstrates that ER stress is involved. In this article, we summarize recent advances in UPR pathways, as well as the role of ER stress in the physiological function of RPE and in the pathogenesis of ARMD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924015

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of hepatitis B and BCG vaccination in children with special health status, and analyze the reasons for the delay of vaccination, so as to improve the timely vaccination rate. Methods A total of 1 129 children with special health status who were registered and vaccinated in our hospital from September 1, 2018 to January 23, 2020 were selected. All children were classified according to the major diseases based on the discharge records. The first injection time of hepatitis B and BCG vaccine was extracted, and the children were divided into different groups based on the number of people who delayed vaccination. The comparison between groups was performed by χ2 test. Results A total of 87 children without hepatitis B vaccination and 85 children without BCG vaccination were immediately vaccinated in our hospital after the establishment of the archives in our hospital. None of the 1 129 children with special health status had serious adverse reactions after vaccination. The most common diseases in the delayed hepatitis B vaccination children were premature infants, cardiovascular diseases, and nervous system diseases. The most common diseases in the delayed BCG vaccination children were premature infants, cardiovascular diseases, and neonatal disease. There was a significant difference between the number of delayed hepatitis B vaccination and the number of delayed BCG vaccination, with the number of delayed BCG vaccination being more (χ2=278.24, P<0.00). Conclusion Delayed vaccinations are common in children with special health status. Normal vaccination does not increase the incidence of adverse reactions in children with special health status. Medical staff’s understanding of diseases, types of diseases, and types of vaccines are important factors affecting the vaccination of children with special health conditions. Support from social environment, the understanding and cooperation from children's parents and guardians, and the understanding of medical workers on vaccines and diseases are the keys to truly improve the vaccination rate of children..

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923025

ABSTRACT

Objective To test the cardiac toxicity of new compound HMS-01 and evaluate the safety profile for clinical trials. Methods Manualpatch clamp method was used to measure human Ether-a-go-go-Related Gene (hERG) potassium channel currents with different concentrations of HMS-01. Cisapride was selected as the positive control drug. HMS-01 was diluted to the concentration of 0.3, 1, 3, 10 and 30 µmol/L and applied to the cells. The changes in electrical currents were recorded and the inhibition rate was calculated. Results At the highest concentration of 30µmol/L, the inhibitory rate of HMS-01 on hERG channel was less than 30%. There was no obvious inhibitory effect compared with cisapride. Conclusion Compared with the cisapride, HMS-01 has no obvious inhibitory effect on hERG channel and has no cardiotoxicity.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907147

ABSTRACT

Metabolic homeostasis is a basic function necessary for the survival of the organism. α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is an acute phase protein with a glycosylation degree of up to 45%. It has high affinity and low capacity. Although the biological role of AGP is not fully understood, it has been proven that it can regulate immunity and metabolism, and play an important role in transporting drugs and maintaining capillary barrier function. In this review, the structural characteristics, biochemical characteristics and the regulation of AGP expression were reviewed, with emphasis on the regulatory role of AGP in metabolism, suggesting that AGP may be a potential key factor in metabolic pathways, which provides a new research direction for metabolic diseases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940693

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the intervention effect of Erxian decoction on intestinal microflora after ovariectomy in rats by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. MethodThirty-two female healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a Sham operation (Sham) group, a model (OVX) group, an estrogen (E) group, and an Erxian decoction (EXD) group, with 8 rats in each group. The rats in the E group and the EXD group received 1.8×10-4 g·kg-1 estradiol valerate solution and 9 g·kg-1 Erxian decoction, respectively, and those in the Sham group and the OVX group received an equal volume of distilled water once a day for 16 weeks. After 16 weeks, the levels of serum estrogen and blood lipid were detected. The fecal DNA was extracted, followed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and analysis. ResultCompared with the Sham group, the OVX group showed reduced serum estrogen level (P<0.01) and increased serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P<0.05). Compared with the OVX group, the E group and the EXD group showed increased serum estrogen level (P<0.01) and reduced TC and LDL-C (P<0.05). Alpha diversity showed that there was no significant change in intestinal microflora diversity after ovariectomy. Beta diversity showed that there were significant differences in the structure of intestinal microflora in the four groups. The intervention of Erxian decoction could improve the changes in intestinal microflora after ovariectomy. LEfSe was used to analyze the differential flora in the four groups. The results showed that the Sham group and the OVX group had 3 differential bacterial phyla and 18 differential bacterial genera, the OVX group and the E group had 1 differential bacterial phylum and 12 differential bacterial genera, and the OVX group and the EXD group had 3 differential bacterial phyla and 5 differential bacterial genera. Estrogen intervention could reverse the change trend of Ruminococcus 1, Anaerovibrio, and Turicibacter in the OVX group. Erxian decoction intervention could reverse the change trend of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Prevotella 9, Ruminococcaceae UCG-014, Ruminococcus 1, and Fusicatenibacter in the OVX group. ConclusionThe structure and function of intestinal microflora in ovariectomized rats changed obviously, and Erxian decoction could ameliorate the change.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940305

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo predict the therapeutic targets and related signaling pathways of orcinol glucoside (OG) in the treatment of osteoporosis by network pharmacology, and further clarify its mechanisms based on molecular docking and in vitro cell model. MethodThe pharmacological targets of OG were obtained from Similarity ensemble approach (SEA) and SwissTargetPrediction, and the targets related to osteoporosis from DisGeNET and GeneCards. The cross-analysis was conducted to screen the common targets between OG and osteoporosis. STRING was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, followed by topology analysis using CytoNCA plug-in of Cytoscape 3.7.2 to screen out the core targets. The obtained common targets were subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analysis by g:Profiler. AutoDock Vina was utilized for molecular docking, and the in vitro cell experiments were then carried out for verifying the mechanism of OG in treating osteoporosis. ResultA total of 73 targets related to OG and osteoporosis were harvested,among which 14 were proved to be key targets by topological analysis. GO and KEGG functional enrichment analysis yielded 259 cell biological processes, mainly involving organonitrogen compound metabolic process, cell population proliferation, protein metabolic process, regulation of response to stress, and response to chemicals. Its mechanism of action might be related to advanced glycation end-product (AGE)-AGE receptor (RAGE) signaling pathway, interleukin-17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. Molecular docking indicated that the binding energies of OG to Cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) were the lowest and similar. The results of flow cytometry showed that compared with the normal group, OG group exhibited decreased proportion of cells in G0/G1 phase (P<0.01) and decreased proportion of cells in S phase (P<0.01). As demonstrated by Western blot, compared with the normal group, OG up-regulated the protein expression levels of Cyclin D1 and CDK4 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionOG alleviates osteoporosis via multiple targets and multiple pathways. It may exert the therapeutic effects by increasing Cyclin D1 and CDK4 protein expression to change cell cycle and promote cell proliferation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935772

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of emotional optimization of workplace employees in immersive virtual natural environment. Methods: In July 2020, 15 subjects were selected to complete two groups of treadmill walking training experiments in virtual natural environment and daily environment respectively. At the same time, the subjects' skin electrical (EDA) , pulse frequency (Pf) , respiratory frequency (Rf) physiological data and Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) data before and after walking were collected; the mean value of three dimensions of SAM and the emotion difference before and after the experiment were calculated. The differences of physiological indexes and subjective mood changes of subjects were tested by paired sample t-test. Results: Compared with the daily environment, the ΔEDA, ΔPf and ΔRf of the subjects in the virtual natural environment were all decreased , and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in pleasure and arousal between subjects before and after using the virtual natural environment (P <0.05). Compared with the daily environment, the Δpleasure degree of subjects using the virtual natural environment increased, and the Δarousal degree and Δdominance degree decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). Conclusion: Walking in virtual natural environment can help subjects improve their mood, relax and improve the regulation ability of autonomic nervous system.


Subject(s)
Arousal , Emotions/physiology , Heart Rate , Humans , Virtual Reality , Workplace
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 402-409, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935228

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic evaluation value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in rectal cancer patients. Nomogram survival prediction model based on inflammatory markers was constructed. Methods: The clinical and survival data of 585 patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao tong University from January 2013 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off values of NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII were determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The relationship between different NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels and the clinic pathological characteristics of the rectal cancer patients were compared. Cox proportional risk model was used for univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Nomogram prediction models of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with rectal cancer were established by the R Language software. The internal validation and accuracy of the nomograms were determined by the calculation of concordance index (C-index). Calibration curve was used to evaluate nomograms' efficiency. Results: The optimal cut-off values of preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII of OS for rectal cancer patients were 2.44, 134.88, 4.70 and 354.18, respectively. There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low NLR group and the high NLR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level between the low PLR group and the high PLR group (P<0.05). There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low LMR group and the high LMR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative CEA level between the low SII group and the high SII group (P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the age (HR=2.221, 95%CI: 1.526-3.231), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade: HR=4.425, 95%CI: 1.848-10.596), grade of differentiation (HR=1.630, 95%CI: 1.074-2.474), SII level (HR=2.949, 95%CI: 1.799-4.835), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=2.123, 95%CI: 1.506-2.992) were independent risk factors for the OS of patients with rectal cancer. The age (HR=2.107, 95%CI: 1.535-2.893), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade, HR=2.850, 95%CI: 1.430-5.680), grade of differentiation (HR=1.681, 95%CI: 1.150-2.457), SII level (HR=2.309, 95%CI: 1.546-3.447), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=1.837, 95%CI: 1.369-2.464) were independent risk factors of the DFS of patients with rectal cancer. According to the OS and DFS nomograms predict models of rectal cancer patients established by multivariate COX regression analysis, the C-index were 0.786 and 0.746, respectively. The calibration curve of the nomograms showed high consistence of predict and actual curves. Conclusions: Preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels are all correlated with the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, and the SII level is an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with rectal cancer. Preoperative SII level can complement with the age, TNM stage, differentiation degree and postoperative adjuvant chemoradiotherapy to accurately predict the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, which can provide reference and help for clinical decision.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Humans , Inflammation/classification , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Nomograms , Preoperative Period , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 167-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the postoperative prognostic factors of non-metastatic colorectal cancer (non-mCRC), and construct a prognostic prediction model. Methods: A total of 846 patients with colorectal cancer who were admitted to the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from July 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016 were included in the study. There were 314 patients in the metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) group and 532 patients in the non-mCRC group. The data of clinical characteristics, preoperative blood routine and common serum tumor markers for CRC tests were collected retrospectively. The disease-free survival time (DFS) data of patients in non-mCRC group were obtained by follow-up. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to clarify the independent risk factors of DFS, and then these factors were included to construct a nomogram prediction model. The concordance index (C index), receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the model. Results: Platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and carbohydrate antigen 242 (CA242) in the mCRC group were higher than those of the non-mCRC group, while the lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) was lower than that of the non-mCRC group (P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of CEA, CA19-9, CA242, NLR, LMR and PLR for the diagnosis of mCRC were 0.775, 0.716, 0.712, 0.607, 0.591 and 0.556, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level were independent risk factors for DFS of non-mCRC patients (P<0.05). Based on this, a nomogram prediction model predicting 3 years of DFS for non-mCRC patients was constructed, its C index and AUC for non-CRC prognostic prediction were 0.710 and 0.733, respectively, higher than 0.696 and 0.701 of AJCC 7th edition TNM staging system. The calibration curve of nomogram showed that the predicted DFS rate was consistent with the actual DFS rate. Conclusions: Age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level are independent risk factors for 3-year DFS of non-mCRC patients. The nomogram prediction model constructed based on these four indictors has a good predictive performance and may provide prognosis evaluation reference for the patients with non-mCRC.


Subject(s)
CA-19-9 Antigen , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Lymphocytes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their association with the core symptoms of ASD.@*METHODS@#A total of 150 ASD children aged 2-7 years (ASD group) and 165 healthy children matched for age and sex (control group) who were recruited at the outpatient service of Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children were enrolled as subjects. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to evaluate the core symptoms of the ASD children. Chemiluminescence was used to measure the serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in both groups.@*RESULTS@#The ASD group had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than the control group (P<0.05). The children with severe ASD had significantly lower serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 than those with mild-to-moderate ASD (P<0.001). For the children aged 2-3 years, the ASD group had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than the control group (P<0.05). Boys had a significantly lower serum level of IGF-1 than girls in both ASD and control groups (P<0.05). The serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were negatively correlated with the total score of CARS (r=-0.32 and -0.40 respectively, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The reduction in serum IGF-1 level in early childhood may be associated with the development of ASD, and the serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 are associated with the core symptoms of ASD children.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Autistic Disorder , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Male
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927948

ABSTRACT

Artemisia Argyi Folium, a traditional Chinese medicine of important medicinal and economic value, sees increasing demand in medicinal and moxibustion product market. Screening stable and reliable reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) is a prerequisite for the analysis of gene expression in Artemisia argyi. In this study, eight commonly used reference genes, Actin, 18s, EF-1α, GAPDH, SAND, PAL, TUA, and TUB, from the transcriptome of A. argyi, were selected as candidate genes. The expression of each gene in different tissues(roots, stems, and leaves) of A. argyi and in leaves of A. argyi after treatment with methyl jasmonate(MeJA) for different time(0, 4, 8, 12 h) was detected by qRT-PCR. Then, geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder were employed to evaluate their expression stability. The results demonstrated that Actin was the most stable reference gene in different tissues and in leaves treated with MeJA, and coming in the second was SAND. Furthermore, the expression of DXS and MCT which are involved in terpenoid backbone biosynthesis was detected in different tissues and after MeJA treatment. The results showed that the expression patterns of DXS and MCT in different tissues and under MeJA treatment calculated with Actin and SAND as internal reference genes were consistent, which validated the screening results. In conclusion, Actin is the most suitable reference gene for the analysis of gene expression in different tissues of A. argyi and after MeJA treatment. This study provides valuable information for gene expression analysis in A. argyi and lays a foundation for further research on molecular mechanism of quality formation of Artemisia Argyi Folium.


Subject(s)
Artemisia/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant/genetics , Plant Leaves/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Transcriptome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of hierarchical management for patients with bronchial asthma.Methods:One hundred and eighty seven patients with bronchial asthma were recruited from January 2018 to November 2019 in Daxing District People′s Hospital. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, 94 patients received disease management education and therapeutic guidance from doctors in the community hospital and district hospital (study group), and 93 patients were followed up in outpatient visits only (control group). After one year, the scores of inhalation technique, treatment adherence, disease management awareness, the Asthma Control Test (ACT), the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (MiniAQLQ) and pulmonary function were evaluated and compared between two groups. The annual acute attack times and time to first exacerbation were also compared between the two groups.Results:After one year of management the treatment adherence rate in study group was higher than that in control group [80.85% (76/94) vs. 51.61% (48/93), χ2=2.834, P=0.02]. The scores of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) inhalation technique [(6.47±1.28) vs. (4.05±1.37), t=2.241, P=0.04], the correct rates of exhaling before ICS inhalation [94.68% (89/94) vs.56.98% (53/93), χ2=4.436, P=0.01],inhalation [90.43%(85/94) vs.68.82% (64/93),χ2=2.943, P=0.04],holding breath after inhalation [89.36% (84/94) vs.58.06% (54/93),χ2=4.098, P=0.02],rinsing mouth after ICS inhalation [92.55%(87/94) vs.65.59%(61/93),χ2=2.876, P=0.04] in study group were higher than those in control group. The awareness rates of chronic inflammatory airway disease [70.21%(66/94) vs.44.08% (41/93),χ2=2.673, P=0.02], causative factors [85.10% (80/94) vs. 56.99% (53/93),χ2=2.760, P=0.02],treatment misunderstanding [88.29%(83/94) vs.53.76%(50/93),χ2=4.874, P<0.01], therapeutic goal [86.17% (81/94) vs. 49.46% (46/93),χ2=4.491, P<0.01] and requiring long-term treatment [90.43% (85/94) vs.48.38% (45/93),χ2=4.503, P<0.01] in study group were higher than those in control group. The scores of ACT [(22.71±2.81) vs. (19.50±5.34), t=2.041, P=0.04] and miniAQLQ [(84.28±11.16) vs. (64.23±14.38), t=3.298, P<0.01] in study group were higher than those in control group. The number of annual acute exacerbation was less [0(0, 1) vs.2(1, 3), Z=-3.237, P<0.01] and the time to first exacerbation was longer [184(96, 284)d vs. 96(59, 177)d, Z=3.873, P<0.01] in study group than those in the control group after one year of management. Conclusion:The hierarchical management can effectively enhance the inhalation technique and treatment adherence of the patients with bronchial asthma, and improve the quality of life of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1089-1093, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911840

ABSTRACT

Motor imagery (MI) and its related brain computer interface (BCI) technologies have been used for speech and movement disorders in patients with spinal cord injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, etc. Current studies have shown that BCI can activate brain function in stroke patients with enhanced frequency, longer duration and more stable electroencephalogram signals. Imaging results showed a significant increase in functional connectivity between the two hemispheres and within the affected hemispheres. In this paper, MI-BCI for stroke patients with brain function activation and neural network remodeling were reviewed, the research progress on mechanisms of the technology was summarized, to provide reference for the application of the technology in clinical and future research.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations of laminin subunit gamma 3 (LAMC3) expression with prognosis of ovarian cancer (OC).Methods:LAMC3 protein expression was measured using immunohistochemical streptavidin-peroxidase-biotin connection method (IHC). Gene expression and related clinical data in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) cohort and clinical proteomic tumor analysis consortium (CPTAC) were applied to analyse the correlation between gene and protein expressions and clinical outcomes. Correlations between LAMC3 and clinicopathological factors were evaluated using the Pearson χ2 test (2-sided). The probability of survival and significance was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier plot. The functional clustering of biological pathways enriched from co-expressed genes of LAMC3 was used to explore the possible mechanisms that LAMC3 might contribute to poor prognosis. Results:Based on the IHC results of 216 OC tissues or ovaries (including 208 tumors and 8 normal tissues) and 51 OC tissues (including 24 chemotherapy-resistant and 27 sensitive tissues), and the protein expression data from CPTAC (including 100 primary tumors and 25 normal tissues), the results showed that the protein expression of LAMC3 was significantly decreased in OC tissues compared with normal, decreased in advanced-stage tissues compared with early-stage tissues, and decreased in drug-resistant tissues compared with sensitive tissues (all P<0.05). Furthermore, low expression of LAMC3 protein was significantly associated with poor disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in 51 OC tissues ( P<0.01), consistent with the results that the low levels of LAMC3 mRNA predicted short DFS and OS in 489 OC tissues of the TCGA cohort ( P<0.05). The results suggested that low expression of LAMC3 might be the adverse factors for OC development, such as drug resistance and advanced tumors, and might be a risk indicator for prognosis. Moreover, functional clustering of biological pathways enriched from the co-expressed genes of LAMC3 in TCGA ovarian cohort indicated that LAMC3 potentially involved in regulation of OC via oncogene-pathways such as Ras associated protein 1 (Rap1), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), Ras and cell adhesion-related pathways such as extra cellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction and focal adhesion. It indicated that LAMC3 might contribute to short survival and tumor progression by regulation of the above pathways. Conclusion:Low expression of LAMC3 is related to poor prognosis and malignant progression in OC, and thus it is expected to be a new prognostic marker and therapeutic target for clinical treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a new training mode for nursing professionals suitable for the 1+X certificate system, and realize the training goal of "one specialty and multi-ability" compound technical nursing talents.Methods:To take the "1+ X" certificate standard as the basis for the construction of nursing specialty, to reconstruct the talent training program of integration of graduation certificate and certificate. To take the content of "1+X" certificate as the basis for the construction of professional courses, construct the core curriculum system of integration of curriculum and certificate. To build a "new double-qualified" teaching staff and constructing of new double-qualified teachers and accelerate the development of quality resources.Results:The talent training mode of integration of graduation certificate and certificate under the 1+X certificate system was constructed. The curriculum structure has been optimized. The teachers′ability of teaching, training and examination was improved.Conclusions:The new mode of training nursing professionals under the 1+X certificate system meets 1 degree education and X vocational training of nursing students and achieve a "1" and "X" seamless convergence. It provides innovative ideas for the promotion and implementation of 1+X certificate system pilot work in the field of nursing education nationwide.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) technique in the mucosal biopsy under respiratory endoscopy in children with active tuberculosis.Methods:Clinical data of 40 patients with active tuberculosis diagnosed in Department of Respiratory Intervention, Qilu Children′s Hospital, Shandong University from June 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:(1) There were 33 cases of tracheobronchial tuberculosis and 7 cases of tuberculous pleurisy in the 40 cases, among them 9 cases were difficult to diagnose.(2)Among 33 cases of tracheobronchial tuberculosis, 24 cases (72.7%) of caseous necrosis breaking into the lumen, and 9 cases (27.3%) of mucosal swelling and external pressure.Cytological ROSE (C-ROSE) showed granuloma, epithelioid cells and lymphocytic infiltration with all bronchial mucosal biopsies.Different positives results of microbiological ROSE (M-ROSE) in different biopsy parts: positive results were found 6 times at caseous necrosis (13.6%, 6/44 times), 4 times at granulation hyperplasia (12.5%, 4/32 times), 2 times at hyperemia and edema (22.2%, 2/18 times), 0 time at yellow-white necrosis, and 54 times at the junction between lesions and normal mucosa (81.8%, 54/66 times). The mucosal pathology showed granuloma, exudation and necrosis, including 22 cases with tuberculous granuloma, 5 cases with characteristic tuberculous nodules, and 11 cases with positive acid-fast staining.(3)Seven cases of tuberculous pleurisy, serious pleural adhesion, pleural hyperemia and edema were observed under thoracoscopy.After clearing the adhesive tape, scattered caseous miliary nodules were found in pleura in 4 cases with a difficult clinical diagnosis.The C-ROSE of smear on thoracoscopic biopsy were characterized by necrotic and histopathic cell, with multinucleated giant cells, but granuloma was rare.M-ROSE in different parts: 8 times positive for millet nodules (80.0%), 0 time positive for adhesion band, 2 times positive for congestion oedema (14.3%); biopsy pathology showed granuloma and necrosis, with 3 cases characteristic tuberculosis nodules and 2 cases positive for anti-acid staining.(4)Pathogenic microorganisms were detected in 19 children using next generation sequencing (NGS) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin resistance real-time nucleic acid amplification detection technology (Xpert MTB/RIF), including 7 positive for NGS (36.8%), 8 positive (42.1%) and 5 positive for both NGS and Xpert MTB/RIF (26.3%).Conclusions:Respiratory endoscopy combined with ROSE technique has important clinical significance in early diagnosis of active tuberculosis in children, and it is worth of promotion and applying.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the case characteristics, treatment and prevention measures of cardiac thrombus in children caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, so as to improve the clinicians′ understanding of the disease.Methods:The clinical data of 10 children with cardiac thrombus caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection treated in Department of Respiratory Intervention, Jinan Children′s Hospital from November 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including datum of cases, laboratory results, imaging data and follow-up results.Results:A total of 10 children (7 males and 3 females) were included with the median age of 6.5 years old, and all had fever for more than 1 week.The plasma D-dimer (D-D) of 9 children was significantly increased, and the C-reactive protein (CRP) of 6 children was increased.After anti-infection treatment, the absorption of pneumonia with atelectasis was better than before.The embolus disappeared after operation in 1 case, and the remaining 9 cases received anticoagulant therapy, among which 7 cases received Heparin anticoagulant therapy alone: cardiac embolus disappeared during hospitalization in 2 cases, disappeared after 2 weeks of oral administration of Dipyridamole outside the hospital in 1 case, and the other 4 cases received Heparin anticoagulant therapy alone during hospitalization with poor effect, embolus disappeared in 2 cases 4 and 5 months after discharge respectively, and 2 cases were not reexamined due to personal reasons; the embolus disappeared 2 months after discharge in 2 cases who were changed to low-molecular weight Heparin + Warfarin anticoagulant therapy after failing to respond to Heparin anticoagulant therapy.All the 10 cases showed no symptoms of tachypnea or chest pain during telephone follow-up.Conclusions:Children with long fever time and significantly elevated CRP and D-D are more likely to form thrombus.Anticoagulant therapy is effective after thrombosis, and surgical thrombectomy can be performed in children who have failed to respond to anticoagulant therapy or worry about complications caused by dropped embolus.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 371-377,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907445

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on Logistic regression and XGBoost algorithm, the prediction model of perioperative risk of deep venous thrombosis in patients with acute multiple knee joint injuries was constructed, and the prediction performance was compared.Methods:A total of 120 patients with acute multiple injuries around the knee treated in the Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Guangzhou Panyu District Central Hospital from January 2017 to June 2020 were retrospectively selected. According to the proportion of 7∶3, the patients were randomly divided into training set ( n=84) and test set ( n=36). The prediction models of Logistic regression and XGBoost algorithm were constructed by training set data, to screen the predictors of perioperative deep venous thrombosis in patients with acute multiple injury around knee joint, and the prediction effect of the model was evaluated by test set data. The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the independent t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data of non-normal distribution were expressed as the median (interquartile range) [ M( P25, P75)], the independent sample Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups. Results:The results of Logistic regression model showed that age, hypertension, coronary heart disease, time from injury to operation, D-dimer at 1 day after operation and multiple injuries were predictive factors for perioperative deep venous thrombosis in patients with acute multiple injuries around the knee joint. The top five important feature scores of XGBoost algorithm model were combined multiple injuries (35 points), time from injury to operation (28 points), age (24 points), coronary heart disease (21 points) and D-dimer 1 day after operation (16 points). In the training set, the area under the curve of the Logistic regression model was 0.805 (95% CI: 0.637-0.912), and χ2=1.436, P=0.329 for Hosmer and Lemeshow test. The area under the curve of the XGBoost algorithm model was 0.847(95% CI: 0.651-0.920), and χ2=1.103, P=0.976 for Hosmer and Lemeshow test. Conclusion:Logistic regression model and XGBoost algorithm model are similar in predicting perioperative deep venous thrombosis in patients with acute multiple injuries around the knee, and multiple injuries, time from injury to operation, age, coronary heart disease and D-dimer 1 day after operation can be used as predictive factors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876500

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effect of Gansu tablets combined with entecavir on patients with severe hepatitis B and the effect on patients’ immune function. Methods A total of 108 cases of severe hepatitis B patients who were treated in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2019 were randomly divided into two groups: entecavir group and combination treatment group, 54 cases each. Entecavir group was treated with entecavir, and combination treatment group was treated with Gansu tablets and entecavir. The levels of AST, GGT, alt, FIB, APTT, Pt, GSH Px, LPO and MDA in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. T-lymphocyte subsets were measured by cell analyzer. The therapeutic effect and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results The levels of AST, GGT and ALT in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the entecavir group (P 0.05). Conclusion The use of Gansu tablets combined with entecavir in the treatment of severe hepatitis B patients was able to improve liver function, improve coagulation function, reduce oxidative stress injury, and improve the immune function of patients, demonstrating a potential clinical application value.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

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