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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876500

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effect of Gansu tablets combined with entecavir on patients with severe hepatitis B and the effect on patients’ immune function. Methods A total of 108 cases of severe hepatitis B patients who were treated in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2019 were randomly divided into two groups: entecavir group and combination treatment group, 54 cases each. Entecavir group was treated with entecavir, and combination treatment group was treated with Gansu tablets and entecavir. The levels of AST, GGT, alt, FIB, APTT, Pt, GSH Px, LPO and MDA in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. T-lymphocyte subsets were measured by cell analyzer. The therapeutic effect and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results The levels of AST, GGT and ALT in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the entecavir group (P 0.05). Conclusion The use of Gansu tablets combined with entecavir in the treatment of severe hepatitis B patients was able to improve liver function, improve coagulation function, reduce oxidative stress injury, and improve the immune function of patients, demonstrating a potential clinical application value.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of hierarchical management for patients with bronchial asthma.Methods:One hundred and eighty seven patients with bronchial asthma were recruited from January 2018 to November 2019 in Daxing District People′s Hospital. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, 94 patients received disease management education and therapeutic guidance from doctors in the community hospital and district hospital (study group), and 93 patients were followed up in outpatient visits only (control group). After one year, the scores of inhalation technique, treatment adherence, disease management awareness, the Asthma Control Test (ACT), the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (MiniAQLQ) and pulmonary function were evaluated and compared between two groups. The annual acute attack times and time to first exacerbation were also compared between the two groups.Results:After one year of management the treatment adherence rate in study group was higher than that in control group [80.85% (76/94) vs. 51.61% (48/93), χ2=2.834, P=0.02]. The scores of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) inhalation technique [(6.47±1.28) vs. (4.05±1.37), t=2.241, P=0.04], the correct rates of exhaling before ICS inhalation [94.68% (89/94) vs.56.98% (53/93), χ2=4.436, P=0.01],inhalation [90.43%(85/94) vs.68.82% (64/93),χ2=2.943, P=0.04],holding breath after inhalation [89.36% (84/94) vs.58.06% (54/93),χ2=4.098, P=0.02],rinsing mouth after ICS inhalation [92.55%(87/94) vs.65.59%(61/93),χ2=2.876, P=0.04] in study group were higher than those in control group. The awareness rates of chronic inflammatory airway disease [70.21%(66/94) vs.44.08% (41/93),χ2=2.673, P=0.02], causative factors [85.10% (80/94) vs. 56.99% (53/93),χ2=2.760, P=0.02],treatment misunderstanding [88.29%(83/94) vs.53.76%(50/93),χ2=4.874, P<0.01], therapeutic goal [86.17% (81/94) vs. 49.46% (46/93),χ2=4.491, P<0.01] and requiring long-term treatment [90.43% (85/94) vs.48.38% (45/93),χ2=4.503, P<0.01] in study group were higher than those in control group. The scores of ACT [(22.71±2.81) vs. (19.50±5.34), t=2.041, P=0.04] and miniAQLQ [(84.28±11.16) vs. (64.23±14.38), t=3.298, P<0.01] in study group were higher than those in control group. The number of annual acute exacerbation was less [0(0, 1) vs.2(1, 3), Z=-3.237, P<0.01] and the time to first exacerbation was longer [184(96, 284)d vs. 96(59, 177)d, Z=3.873, P<0.01] in study group than those in the control group after one year of management. Conclusion:The hierarchical management can effectively enhance the inhalation technique and treatment adherence of the patients with bronchial asthma, and improve the quality of life of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle among Shanghai occupational population aged 18-59 in 2013 and provide suggestion for intervention. Methods:Data retrieved from 2013 Shanghai Non-communicable Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance were used to investigate the residents who were 18-59 years old and engaged in various occupations in Shanghai. Descriptive analysis and test were conducted by weight and complex sampling. Smoking, drinking, eating behavior and physical activities were compared among different gender,age,area and occupation groups. Results:A total of 10 287 participants were included in this analysis. The current smoking rate of 41.46% in males were significantly higher than 0.64% in females(χ2=2 278.306,P<0.05). The current smoking prevalence was highest in workers in production and transport (34.49%). The rate of drinking in the past 30 days, hazardous drinking, and harmful drinking in rural area were 23.80%,6.59% and 11.62%, respectively,which were the highest in all areas. Both the hazardous and harmful drinking prevalence (8.58% and 18.70%, respectively) were the highest in agriculture workers in comparison with other occupations. There is no significant difference in insufficient intake of vegetables and fruits in gender,age and area groups. The proportion of people with excessive intake of red meat was higher in males than that in females (28.11% versus 17.77%,146.176,P<0.05). Occupational population in urban area had the highest regular physical activities (22.64%). The clerks had the longest daily sedentary time (7.25 h). The agricultural workers had the lowest regular exercise rate (11.75%) and the shortest sedentary time (4.07 h). Conclusion:This study identifies different prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle in different gender, age, area, and occupational groups, which can be helpful for for targeted intervention.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2905-2909, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Benvitimod cream, a novel synthetic small molecule, was effective in treating mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis. We conducted a phase III clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of benvitimod cream in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#We randomly assigned 686 patients (2:1:1) to receive 1% benvitimod cream, 0.005% calcipotriol ointment or placebo twice a day for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end points were the percentage of patients with a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI 75) score and with a score of 0 or 1 in static physician's global assessment (sPGA) at week 12.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that 50.4% of patients in the benvitimod group achieved PASI 75, which was significantly higher than that in the calcipotriol (38.5%, P < 0.05) and placebo (13.9%, P < 0.05) groups. The proportion of patients achieving an sPGA score 0 or 1 was 66.3% in the benvitimod group and 63.9% in the calcipotriol group, which were both significantly higher than that in the placebo group (34%, P < 0.05). In the long-term follow-up study, 50.8% of patients experienced recurrence. After retreatment with 1% benvitimod, 73.3% of patients achieved an sPGA score of 0 or 1 again at week 52. Adverse events included application site irritation, follicular papules, and contact dermatitis. No systemic adverse reactions were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#During this 12-week study, benvitimod cream was demonstrated with high effectiveness and safety in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR), ChiCTR-TRC-13003259; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=6300.


Subject(s)
Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ointments , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Resorcinols , Severity of Illness Index , Stilbenes , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876231

ABSTRACT

Objective To make assessment on construction effectiveness of the first batch of national chronic disease comprehensive control and prevention demonstration areas (NCD demonstration areas) in Shanghai, summarizing NCD experience and its characteristics, so as to provide reference for other regions. Methods Data were collected and analysed concerning construction of health support environment and regional characteristics of the six districts-Xuhui, Jing′an, Minhang, Jiading, Songjiang and Qingpu.Descriptive data from Shanghai Non-communicable Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance in 2013 and 2017 was also analyzed for evaluation. Results It was noted that health support environment had been in continuous construction.The total number of health units increased by 1 502 as compared with pre-construction.The number of new type health units increased by 489 such as health theme parks, health trails and health huts.All six districts established self-help health test points covering all streets and towns.Residents′ living and behavior styles were improved, as there was a decrease in current smoking rate, oil intake and salt intake in the six NCD demonstration areas.In Xuhui, Minhang and Jiading three districts, the current smoking rate among residents over 18 years old remarkably declined.In five of the six districts, the average daily oil intake per family member was significantly reduced and so was the average daily salt intake per family member in the six districts.In addition, the six demonstration areas in Shanghai explored several models of NCD prevention and control in line with regional characteristics, which produced positive results. Conclusion The first batch of demonstration areas of Shanghai have achieved effective results in aspects of environmental support and health effects.The modes of NCD prevention and control in different districts present their regional characteristics, which provide significant reference for other regions of Shanghai in this regard.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876187

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink among residents aged 15 years and above in 2013 in Shanghai. Methods Data was extracted from the 2013 Shanghai Non-communicable Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance, in which multi-stage cluster sampling was performed.A total of 25 657 subjects aged ≥15 years across the city were selected for analysis. Results In the study, 34.42% (95%CI:32.33%-36.51%) and 37.85% (95%CI:35.37%-40.32%) of the subjects consumed sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink in 2013 in Shanghai.The proportions declined with age (P for trend < 0.001), while increased with education level (P for trend < 0.001).They were 65.28% and 69.82% among students, which were much higher than other occupations.Men consumed more sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage than women (37.31% vs 31.37%), whereas less juice/fruit-flavored drink (36.14% vs 39.65%).Among the subjects consumed sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage (n=6 254) or juice/fruit-flavored drink (n=6 701), 52.20% (95%CI:49.41%-54.98%) and 54.04% (95%CI:51.09%-56.98%) consumed 1-3 times a week.The daily average amount of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink were 98.64 mL (95%CI:88.92-108.37) and 88.85 mL (95%CI:73.73-103.97), respectively, which were higher among the young (< 45 years old), male and students. Conclusion In 2013 in Shanghai, the consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage and juice/fruit-flavored drink is highly prevalent among residents aged 15 years and above, especially among the young, male, well-educated and students.Intervention should be tailored to reduce the consumption among at-risk population.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782393

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of clinical pharmacists on the pharmacological monitoring and management of diabetic patients. Methods 406 adult outpatients with diabetes in outpatient were selected as research object. The patients were given the questionnaire and intervened with diabetes education and management by the clinical pharmacist regularly. The patient’s knowledge of the diabetes medication before and after intervention, blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin values, treatment compliance, non-reserved outpatient visit, emergency, hospitalization, etc. were compared and statistically analyzed. Results After pharmacy intervention, the patients' knowledge of diabetes and drug-related information, treatment compliance, blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin were better than before intervention, P<0.01. Non-reserved outpatient visits and emergency cases were better than before intervention, P<0.05. There are significant differences. Conclusion Clinical pharmacists carry out diabetes chronic disease management and build a clinical pharmacist-led chronic disease management model, which helps to promote standardized treatment, improve patient compliance, promote rationalized medication, achieve the goal of controlling blood sugar and reduce complications.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of gestational age at birth on the neurobehavioral development of preschool children.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 254 preschool children from Ma'anshan of Anhui Province, Taizhou of Zhejiang Province, and Yangzhou of Jiangsu Province were enrolled. The preschool children were divided into three groups based on their gestational ages at birth: preterm group (2 760 cases; 28-36 weeks), early term group (6 005 cases; 37-38 weeks), and full term group (16 489 cases; ≥39 weeks). The Ages and Stages Questionnaires-Third Edition (ASQ-3) was employed to evaluate the children's neurobehavioral development.@*RESULTS@#The preterm group had significantly lower scores of the five domains of ASQ-3, communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving, and personal-social, than the full term group (P0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis indicated a significant positive correlation between gestational age and the five domains of ASQ-3 after adjustment for confounding factors including sex, age, body mass index, and parental education level (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children born preterm have poorer neurobehavioral development than those born full term and early term, whereas children born full term and early term have similar neurobehavioral development. Gestational age at birth is an independent influencing factor for neurobehavioral development in preschool children.


Subject(s)
Child Behavior , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Cities , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828418

ABSTRACT

To explore the population characteristics and clinical application characteristics of patients with cerebral hemorrhage treated with Xingnaojing Injection in real world. The model was established by Apriori algorithm, and the general information and medication information of 8 369 patients with cerebral hemorrhage treated with Xingnaojing Injection were analyzed by using Clementine 12.0 in the databases of information systems of 33 class Ⅲ grade A hospitals in China. The results showed that among the 8 369 patients with cerebral hemorrhage treated with Xingnaojing Injection, the median age was 59 years old. And the male to female ratio was about 1.74∶1. Most of them did manual labor(31.26%), and were hospitalized in winter(27.46%), especially during the Cold Dew(5.1%). The majority of the patients were in a stable condition(50.94%), and preferred neurosurgery department(48.82%). 29.03% of patients were hospitalized for 15-28 days, and 42.47% of patients spent 10 000-50 000 Yuan of hospitalization expenses. The single dose of Xingnaojing Injection was 10-20 mL at most(46.03%). And the course of medication was mostly 3 days or less(68.60%). Lidocain was the most frequently used Western medicine in drug combination(5.05%), and Huayu Tongmai Ji was the most frequently used traditional Chinese medicine in drug combination(10.73%). The most frequently used one type of traditional Chinese medicine combined with one type of Western medicine was Huayu Tongmai Ji + Dexamethasone(8.08%). The most frequently used two Western medicines in drug combination were Omeprazole + Dexamethasone(5.07%). Prilosec + Dexamethasone + Lidocaine(3.35%) were three Western drugs with the most frequent combination. When the dosage was 10-20 mL and the number of days of treatment was > 15 days, the largest number of the patients was cured and improved(44.78%, 45.85%). The results showed that cerebral hemorrhage patients treated with Xingnaojing Injection were mostly middle-aged and elderly people, with more males than females. Brain hemorrhage often occurred in winter and spring. Xingnaojing Injectiont was often combined with glucocorticoids, proton pump inhibitors and cardiovascular drugs to prevent cerebral hemorrhage complications. The clinical medication met the guidelines for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage. Some patients had over-treatment use, which can provide a reference for clinicians in treating cerebral hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Hemorrhage , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827436

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The incidence of cognitive impairment (CI) is gradually increasing, which has attracted more attention from medical researchers worldwide. Definitive mechanisms of pathogenesis remain elusive, and there are few medications that have been proven effective for CI. The utilization of Chinese herbal medicine has shown positive therapeutic effects for a broad spectrum of diseases, including CI.@*OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Guilingji Capsules (GLJC, ) in treating mild-to-moderate CI with Shen (Kidney) and marrow deficiency syndrome.@*METHODS@#This is a randomized, double-blind, positive-controlled, multicenter clinical trial with a noninferiority design that included 348 participants randomly divided into an experimental arm and an active comparator arm. Individuals in the experimental arm (174 cases) took 0.6 g of GLJC once a day and 19.2 mg of Gingko biloba extract mimetic 3 times a day. Individuals in the active comparator arm (174 cases) took 0.6 g of GLJC mimetic once a day and 19.2 mg of Gingko biloba extract in tablet form 3 times a day. The intervention period included two sessions over 24 weeks. The primary outcome be the effectiveness of GLJC on cognitive improvement after 24 weeks of treatment, which was defined as an increase in the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Scale. The secondary outcomes were improvement in independence, daily living ability, and Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome, which were measured with the Alzheimer's disease Rating Scale-Cognitive Project (ADAS-Cog), Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Total Score, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Total Score and the Chinese Medicine Symptom Scale (CM-SS), respectively. Serum acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, bax and bcl-2 were monitored to explore the mechanism of GLJC on CI. In addition, safety measures, including vital signs, electrocardiography, laboratory indicators (full blood count, kidney and liver function tests, routine urine test and routine stool test) and adverse events, were also recorded.@*DISCUSSION@#The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GLJC in patients with mild-to-moderate CI with kidney and marrow deficiency syndrome. If successful, the results would provide a viable treatment for patients with mild-to-moderate CI. (Clinical Trials.gov. ID: NCT03647384. Registered on 23 August 2018).

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827211

ABSTRACT

Pyrrosia petiolosa, Pyrrosia lingua and Pyrrosia sheareri are recorded as original plants of Pyrrosiae Folium (PF) and commonly used as Chinese herbal medicines. Due to the similar morphological features of PF and its adulterants, common DNA barcodes cannot accurately distinguish PF species. Knowledge of the chloroplast (cp) genome is widely used in species identification, molecular marker and phylogenetic analyses. Herein, we determined the complete cp genomes of three original species of PF via high-throughput sequencing technologies. The three cp genomes exhibited a typical quadripartite structure with sizes ranging from 158 165 to 163 026 bp. The cp genomes of P. petiolosa and P. lingua encoded 130 genes, whilst that of P. sheareri encoded 131 genes. The complete cp genomes were compared, and five highly divergent regions of petA-psbJ, matK-rps16, ndhC-trnM, psbM-petN and psaC-ndhE were screened as potential DNA barcodes for identification of Pyrrosia genus species. The phylogenetic tree we obtained indicated that P. petiolosa and P. lingua are clustered in a single clade and, thus, share a close relationship. This study provides invaluable information for further studies on the species identification, taxonomy and phylogeny of Pyrrosia genus species.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827210

ABSTRACT

Camptotheca acuminata produces camptothecin (CPT), a monoterpene indole alkaloid (MIA) that is widely used in the treatment of lung, colorectal, cervical, and ovarian cancers. Its biosynthesis pathway has attracted significant attention, but the regulation of CPT biosynthesis by the APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factors (TFs) remains unclear. In this study, a systematic analysis of the AP2/ERF TFs family in C. acuminata was performed, including phylogeny, gene structure, conserved motifs, and gene expression profiles in different tissues and organs (immature bark, cotyledons, young flower, immature fruit, mature fruit, mature leaf, roots, upper stem, and lower stem) of C. acuminata. A total of 198 AP2/ERF genes were identified and divided into five relatively conserved subfamilies, including AP2 (26 genes), DREB (61 genes), ERF (92 genes), RAV (18 genes), and Soloist (one gene). The combination of gene expression patterns in different C. acuminata tissues and organs, the phylogenetic tree, the co-expression analysis with biosynthetic genes, and the analysis of promoter sequences of key enzymes genes involved in CPT biosynthesis pathways revealed that eight AP2/ERF TFs in C. acuminata might be involved in CPT synthesis regulation, which exhibit relatively high expression levels in the upper stem or immature bark. Among these, four genes (CacAP2/ERF123, CacAP2/ERF125, CacAP2/ERF126, and CacAP2/ERF127) belong to the ERF-B2 subgroup; two genes (CacAP2/ERF149 and CacAP2/ERF152) belong to the ERF-B3 subgroup; and two more genes (CacAP2/ERF095 and CacAP2/ERF096) belong to the DREB-A6 subgroup. These results provide a foundation for future functional characterization of the AP2/ERF genes to enhance the biosynthesis of CPT compounds of C. acuminata.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1032-1037, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of mmu-circRNA_016901 on the regulation of radiation injury of bone marrow stem cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow stem cells were exposed to different dose of X-ray, then the expression level of mmu-circRNA_016901 in bone marrow cells treated with different doses of X-ray was detected. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to confirm that miRNA1249-5p is the target of mmu-circRNA_016901, and RNA Binding Protein Immunoprecipitation was used to confirm that TGF-β3 is the targeted on miRNA1249-5p,the expression of TGF-β3 and cell proliferation were detected after the expression of mmu-circRNA_01690 was regulated.@*RESULTS@#When the irradiation dose<6 Gy, there were significant difference in the expression of mmn-circRNA-016901 after the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were treated by different doses of irradiation, which showed a statistically significant (P<0.05). The luciferase reporter gene detection and co-immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed that Mmu-circRNA_016901 could binds to miRNA1249-5p specifically, and overexpression of mmu-circRNA_016901 could regulate miRNA1249-5p negatively, which resulted in a significant increase in TGF-β3 expression and promoting of cell proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#mmu-circRNA_016901 affects the expression of TGF-β3 through miRNA1249-5p, and thus participates in the regulation of the radiation damage mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Circular , Genetics , Radiation Tolerance
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 157-166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827072

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) on transcription factor EB (TFEB) during autophagy in liver cancer cells. Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 was treated with Hsp90 N- and C-terminal inhibitors (STA9090 and Novobiocin), respectively. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the expression levels of TFEB and autophagy-related proteins. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to observe the ability of Hsp90α binding to the TFEB proximal promoter region. The double-luciferase gene reporter experiment was used to determine the activity of TFEB promoter. The results showed that hypoxia induced up-regulation of TFEB protein and mRNA expression levels in the HepG2 cells. The protein expression levels of TFEB, LC3 and P62 were down-regulated significantly by either STA9090 or Novobiocin, under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Transfection of Hsp90α-overexpressing plasmids up-regulated TFEB protein levels in either wild-type or Hsp90α knockout HepG2 cells. Hsp90 bound to the TFEB proximal promoter region and was involved in regulating TFEB transcriptional process. Whereas both STA9090 and Novobiocin inhibited Hsp90 to bind to the TFEB proximal promoter region, and decreased the activity of TFEB promoter. These results suggest that Hsp90 promotes TFEB transcription in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by binding to the proximal promoter region, thereby up-regulating the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Promoter Regions, Genetic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Shenma Yizhi prescription(SMYZ)on learning and memory, inflammatory factors and oxidative stress related indexes of rats with chronic cerebral ischemia inducing vascular dementia caused by bilateral common carotid artery ligation. Method:The chronic cerebral ischemia model of SPF grade SD rats was prepared by bilateral common carotid artery ligation. After successful surgery, the rats with cognitive impairment were randomly divided into 5 groups,model, donepezil(0.45 mg·kg-1), SMYZ-low, medium and high dose(2.97,5.94,11.88 g·kg-1), with 10 rats in each group, and 10 rats in sham operation group were established. Intragastric administration were given for 8 weeks respectively then followed Morris water maze test. The pathomorphological changes of hippocampus CA1 were observed. The serum levels of acetylcholine(Ach)and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)were detected, and the levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the serum of rats were detected. The contents of glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase reductase (GSH-Px) were observed. Result:Compared with sham operation group, the escape latency increased significantly in the model group, and the frequency of platform search, the frequency of crossing the original platform and the percentage of swimming time in the original platform quadrant decreased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). The contents of Ach and the contents of GSH and GSH-Px were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The contents of AChE, IL-1β and TNF-α and the contents of MDA were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with model group, the escape latency of rats in the in the low, medium and high dose groups of SMYZ prescription was significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01).The frequency of looking for a platform, the frequency of crossing the original platform and the percentage of swimming time in the original platform quadrant of the rats in the low, medium and high dose groups of SMYZ prescription increased significantly (P<0.05,P<0.01). The content of AChE in high dose group were significantly reduced(P<0.01), and the content of Ach in high dose group were significantly increased(P<0.05), the rat serum IL-1β, TNF-α levels and MDA content were significantly reduced(P<0.05,P<0.01). The GSH, SOD and GSH-Px levels were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:SMYZ can improve the learning and memory ability of rats with vascular cognitive disorder caused by chronic cerebral ischemia caused by ligation of bilateral common carotid artery, bilateral common carotid artery ligation, improve the pathological morphology of hippocampal tissue, inhibit inflammatory response, improve cholinergic level and oxidative stress state.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 400-404, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) protein expression and microvessel density (MVD) in gastric cancer tissues with clinicopathological characteristics of patients as well as the significances.Methods:The disease-free survival (DFS) time, overall survival (OS) time and other clinicopathological data of 60 patients with gastric cancer after radical resection at Pei Country People's Hospital of Xuzhou from January 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The MMP-2 protein expression and MVD marked by CD105 in 60 specimens of gastric cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent normal tissues were detected by using immunohistochemistry. The correlation of MMP-2 protein expression with MVD and their relationship with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed.Results:The positive expression rate of MMP-2 protein in gastric cancer tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, and the difference was statistically significant [75% (45/60) vs. 17% (10/60), χ2 = 59.668, P < 0.05]. The MVD in gastric cancer tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, and the difference was statistically significant [32±5 vs. 20±4, t = -2.32, P < 0.05]. The expression of MMP-2 protein in gastric cancer tissues had no relationship with gender, age, the longest tumor diameter, tumor location, OS time, and DFS time (all P < 0.05), while the expression of MMP-2 protein in gastric cancer tissues had statistically significant relationship with the depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and histological differentiation (all P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the expressions of MVD marked by CD105 in gastric cancer tissues of patients with different gender, age and tumor location (all P < 0.05). The expressions of MVD marked by CD105 in gastric cancer tissues had statistical differences in patients with different the longest tumor diameter, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, histological differentiation, OS time, and DFS time (all P < 0.05). In gastric cancer tissues, the expression of MMP-2 protein and MVD were positively correlated ( r = 0.198, P = 0.027). Conclusions:The MMP-2 protein expression and MVD in gastric cancer tissues are on the increase, and play key roles in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. They might cooperatively participate in the malignant progression of gastric cancer, and can be used as poor prognostic factors of gastric cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of strengthening management in the bronchial asthma control among community patients.Methods:One hundred and eighteen community patients with bronchial asthma were recruited from January 2017 to January 2018. The patients were divided into community strengthening management group ( n=60) and control group ( n=58), the annual times of acute attack, time to first exacerbation and annual medical expenses were compared between the two groups. The proportion of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) administration was documented; the Asthma Control Test (ACT), the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (MiniAQLQ), Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ), Fractional exhaled nitric oxide(FeNO) and pulmonary function were evaluated in two groups. Results:The management group had greater improvements in the proportion of ICS administration [45(75.0%) vs.36(62.1%), χ 2=4.143], ACT [(20.7±3.9) vs.(18.1±4.1), t=3.213], LCQ [(13.5±5.3) vs.(10.8±3.0), t=2.603], FeNO [(29.8±12.8) vs. (37.1±11.1), t=2.018] than the control group after six months of management (all P<0.05). There were significantly greater improvements in proportion of ICS treating [50(83.3%) vs. 34(58.6%), χ 2=5.748], ACT [(22.1±2.8) vs. (19.5±2.3), t=2.241], LCQ [(16.5±4.2) vs. (11.6±3.2),=5.603], miniAQLQ [(83.2±11.1) vs.(68.1±13.3), t=3.186] and FeNO [(28.2±13.1) vs.(38.1±16.3), t=2.176] in management group than those in control group after one year of management (all P<0.05); but no differences were seen in FEV 1%, FVC%, FEV 1/FVC (all P>0.05) between two groups. The LCQ score [(16.5±4.2) vs. (13.5±5.3), t=3.186] and the MiniAQLQ score [(83.2±11.1) vs. (69.1±14.3), t=5.603] of the management group were significantly improved after 1 year of management than those after 6 months. There was significant improvement in time to first exacerbation [182(92, 284) vs. 92(58, 176), Z=4.384] and the annual exacerbation was significantly reduced [0(0, 1) vs. 2(1, 3), Z=-3.187], annual medical costs of management group were significantly lower than those of control group [(10 523.0±550.5)Yuan vs. (15 787.1±1 421.2)Yuan, t=2.653]. Conclusion:The strengthening management can effectively improve the control rate of bronchial asthma, reduce acute exacerbation, improve clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life in community patients with bronchial asthma.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical manifestations of four patients with 46, XY disorders of sex development(46, XY DSD)due to doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1(DMRT1)gene variant/haploinsufficiency, and to improve the understanding of clinicians for this disease.Methods:The medical history, physical examination, endocrine function assessment, gonadal pathology, and genetic data of 4 patients with 46, XY DSD were retrospectively collected.Results:A heterozygous new missense mutation in DMRT1 was found in one child. The chief complain was primary amenorrhoea at the age of 15 years, with the external masculinisation score(EMS)0. The DMRT1 haploinsufficiency was found in 3 cases, 1.2 Mb, 5.1 Mb, and 6.0 Mb fragments were deleted at the 9p, and one of 3 cases had 33.3 Mb repeats in the 5p. All patients visited doctor under 1 year. Two patients were raised as females, and one was raised as male. All chief complains were external genital abnormalities, EMS of them were 1, 0, and 5 respectively. Endocrine evaluation of 2 out of 4 children showed varying degrees of primary hypogonadism, and presented with complete gonadal dysgenesis. One patient showed a well function of Leydig cells and poorly function of Sertoil cells, and presented with mixed gonadal dysgenesis. One of 3 cases was diagnosed with gonadoblastoma at the age of 18 months. Patient No.4 didn′t agree with the gonadal biopsy. The chromosome karyotypes of 4 children were 46, XY.Conclusions:The visiting ages of 46, XY DSD patients caused by DMRT1 variation were older than those of patients caused by DMRT1 haploinsufficiency. The clinical manifestations are complex, and gonadal function can vary from normal to complete gonadal dysgenesis. Such patients are at high risk of gonadoblastoma and young onset. Gonadal biopsy should be performed as early as possible.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 262-266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution characteristics of bacteria in urine of patients with ureteral stent crusting.Methods:Thirty-five patients who underwent ureteral stent placement at the Shandong Provincial Third Hospital, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan Central Hospital, and Jinan Jigang Hospital were selected from October, 2018 to March, 2019(the clinical study registration number is ChiCTR1800020025). The inclusion criteria were patients who had the stent intubated for 4 weeks after ureteroscopic lithotripsy, aged between 18 and 65 years. Exclusion criteria were patients with positive urine bacterial culture, severe gross hematuria, recent oral antibiotics, and patients with significant residual stones. This clinical study uses a cross-sectional study method, and those patients were divided into crusting group (n=23) and non-crusting group (n=12) according to the presence or absence of stent crusting. On the day of extubation, urine of the patients was collected for bacterial 16s DNA detection. The distribution characteristics of bacteria in urine of the two groups were analyzed using UPARSE, UCHIME and RDP calssifier. The total number of bacteria species, bacterial abundance and bacterial species with large-scale abundance in urine of the two groups were determined. The quantity of bacteria species and bacterial abundance in the urine between the two groups were compared, and the bacterial species with large-scale abundance in urine of the patients with stent crusting were identified.Results:There were no significant differences in general information such as age, body mass index, gender, affected side, type of stent tube, and stone composition between the two groups. Using 16s DNA sequencing to detect the bacteria in the urine of the two groups revealed that the number of bacterial species with abundance >1% was 11, and the number of bacterial species with abundance >0.01% was 74 in the crusting group. In the non-crusting group, the number of bacterial species with abundance >1% and >0.01% was 7 and 11, respectively. Compared with the non-crusting group, the number of bacterial species with abundance >1% in the crusting group was significantly larger ( t=5.12, P=0.000). In the crusting group, bacterial species with the top three abundance were g_Lactobacillus (23.1%), g_Bacteroides (18.8%) and g_norank_Bacteroides (17.1%). In the non-crusting group, bacterial species with the top three abundance were g_Escherichia-Shigella (32.2%), g_Enterococcus (24.9%) and g_Pseudomonas (18.2%). The three bacteria with the greatest difference between the two groups were g_ Lactobacillus ( P=0.010), g_Bacteroides ( P=0.004) and g_norank_Bacteroides ( P=0.004), respectively. Conclusion:The species and quantity of bacteria in the urine of patients with stent crusting are both significantly larger than those of patients without stent crusting. Bacteroides with larger-scale abundance in the urine of patients with stent crusting may promote the deposition of crystals on the stent wall through its structure, function and urease positive characteristics.

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