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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT is often used for detecting malignancy in patients with newly diagnosed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), with acceptable sensitivity but relatively low specificity. The aim of this study was to improve the diagnostic ability of 18F-FDG PET/CT in identifying malignancy in patients with HLH by combining 18F-FDG PET/CT and clinical parameters. @*Materials and Methods@#Ninety-seven patients (age ≥ 14 years) with secondary HLH were retrospectively reviewed and divided into the derivation (n = 71) and validation (n = 26) cohorts according to admission time. In the derivation cohort, 22 patients had malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH) and 49 patients had non-malignancy-associated HLH (NM-HLH). Data on pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT and laboratory results were collected. The variables were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test or Pearson’s chi-square test, and a nomogram for predicting M-HLH was constructed using multivariable binary logistic regression. The predictors were also ranked using decision-tree analysis. The nomogram and decision tree were validated in the validation cohort (10 patients with M-HLH and 16 patients with NM-HLH). @*Results@#The ratio of the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the lymph nodes to that of the mediastinum, the ratio of the SUVmax of bone lesions or bone marrow to that of the mediastinum, and age were selected for constructing the model. The nomogram showed good performance in predicting M-HLH in the validation cohort, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.875 (95% confidence interval, 0.686–0.971). At an appropriate cutoff value, the sensitivity and specificity for identifying M-HLH were 90% (9/10) and 68.8% (11/16), respectively. The decision tree integrating the same variables showed 70% (7/10) sensitivity and 93.8% (15/16) specificity for identifying M-HLH. In comparison, visual analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT images demonstrated 100% (10/10) sensitivity and 12.5% (2/16) specificity. @*Conclusion@#18F-FDG PET/CT may be a practical technique for identifying M-HLH. The model constructed using 18F-FDG PET/CT features and age was able to detect malignancy with better accuracy than visual analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT images.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the medium-term outcomes of single kidney transplantation from senile deceased donors aged above 65 years.Methods:Forty-three kidney recipients from donors aged above 65(old-aged donor group, OAD) and 43 kidney recipients of the same age and gender from donors aged 18 to 49 years(standard-criteria donor group, SCD) were retrospectively reviewed.The survival outcomes of patients and grafts, renal functions, the incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and other complications were recorded within the 3-year follow-up post-transplantation.Results:The 3-year patient survival rates were 95.3% both in OAD and SCD and the 3-year death-censored graft survival rates 92.7% and 97.6% respectively.The serum levels of creatinine were significantly higher in OAD than that in SCD( P<0.05). And lower estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was found in OAD as compared with SCD( P<0.05). No significant difference existed in the incidence of DGF(OAD 20.9% and SCD 18.6%, P>0.05), acute rejection (OAD 4.7% and SCD 2.3%, P>0.05)or proteinuria(OAD 27.9%and SCD 14.0%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Single kidney transplantation from old-aged deceased donors may achieve excellent medium-term survival outcomes of patients and grafts.It can expand the donor pool though kidney functions were not as good as those of SCD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared.Results:Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta ( P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95% CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness ( OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions:(1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prove the therapeutic effect of auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking on primary dysmenorrhea (PD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with PD were randomized into an auricular intradermal needling group, an auricular point sticking group and a placebo group, 30 cases in each one. Neishengzhiqi (TF@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of CMSS, VAS and SAS were decreased at each time point of treatment in the auricular intradermal needling group, 2, 3 courses into treatment and at follow-up in the auricular point sticking group and 3 courses into treatment in the placebo group (@*CONCLUSION@#Auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking can both improve the clinical symptom of primary dysmenorrhea, relieve the pain and anxiety, their mechanism may be related to regulating the serum levels of PGF


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Anxiety Disorders , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Female , Humans , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of one living-related kidney transplant recipient infected with 2019 coronavirus disease(COVID-19).Methods:The clinical diagnosis and treatment of one living-related kidney transplant recipient after the occurrence of COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively. Course of onset, clinical manifestations, laboratory and image enamination, outpatient and inpatient therapies and outcomes.Results:The renal transplant recipient was diagnosed as COVID-19(severe) with influenza A virus infection based upon epidemiological survey, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging findings and etiological tests. The clinical symptoms were gradually relieved and lung lesions became absorbed after tapering and withdrawing immunosuppressants, antiviral therapy of abidol/oseltamivir, antibiotic therapy, hormonal anti-inflammation, oxygen inhalation, nutritional supports and adequate rest.Conclusions:Living-related kidney transplant recipients have specific immunosuppressive states.The long-term effect of covid-19 on recipients should be determined through long-term follow-ups.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of 18F-fluorodexoyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in distinguishing benign from malignant tumors in patients with cardiac tumors. Methods:Between January 2015 and September 2018, 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed in 3 678 patents in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, and 51 of them (51/3 678, 1.39%) were diagnosed as cardiac tumors. Finally, 28 patients (10 males, 18 females; mean age (52±14) years, age range: 18-84 years) with pathological results were included. According to pathological results, patients were divided into 4 groups: group 1 with primary benign cardiac tumor ( n=9), group 2 with primary malignant cardiac tumor ( n=9), group 3 with lymphoma ( n=6) and group 4 with secondary malignant cardiac tumor ( n=4). All patients underwent early (60 min) 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and 22 patients (6, 7, 6, 3 patients in group 1, group 2, group 3, group 4 respectively) underwent delayed (120 min) imaging. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) and target/backgroud ratio (TBR) of 4 groups in early imaging and delayed imaging were calculated and compared with one-way analysis of viariace and Scheffe Post-hoc test. TBR were calcualted as SUV max/mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean) in the liver. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was also performed. Results:SUV max during early imaging, defined SUV max(early), was 2.6±1.5, 9.9±4.0, 20.5±6.1, 9.2±5.8 in group 1-4 respectively ( F=21.39, P<0.01), the value of group 1 was lower than that of group 2 and 3, and the value of group 3 was the highest (all P<0.005). TBR early was 1.1±0.6, 4.1±1.6, 9.4±2.6, 3.7±2.0 in the 4 groups ( F=29.15, P<0.01), the value of group 1 was lower than that of group 2 and 3, and the value of group 3 was the highest (all P<0.005). SUV max in delayed imaging (SUV max(delay)) was 2.4±1.2, 11.0±5.9, 25.8±7.7, 13.7±7.7 respectively in the 4 groups ( F=16.01, P<0.01). TBR delay was also significantly different among the 4 groups (1.3±0.7, 5.5±2.9, 14.4±4.9, 7.9±5.0; F=14.78, P<0.01), the value of group 3 was higher than that of group 1 and 2 (all P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed optimal cut-off values for indicating malignancy were: SUV max(early)=4.2, TBR early=1.6, SUV max(delay)=4.6, TBR delay=1.9. The corresponding sensitivities, specificities, accuracies were 19/19, 8/9, 96.4%(27/28); 19/19, 7/9, 92.9%(26/28); 16/16, 6/6, 100%(22/22); 16/16, 5/6, 95.5%(21/22), respectively. Conclusions:18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can accurately diagnose malignant cardiac tumors. Delayed imaging can further improve the accuracy for diagnosis of malignant cardiac tumors.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the image quality (IQ) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and identify its influenfial factors in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods:A total of 196 consecutive CAD patients (174 males, 22 females, 68 DM; age: (57±10) years) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG myocardial PET/CT imaging. The standardized fasting+ oral glucose loading (OGL) and intravenously injection of insulin protocol was performed. According to the FDG uptake by myocardium, background activity in blood and other visceral organ nearby the heart, the IQ was visually evaluated and scored by 0-4. Zero-two was considered as good IQ, 3-4 was regarded as poor IQ. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1 (non-DM+ good IQ), group 2 (DM+ good IQ), group 3 (DM+ poor IQ). Factors which may affect IQ were analyzed, which including OGL, the injection dose of insulin, fasting blood glucose (FBG), peak blood glucose (PBG), blood glucose (BG) level at 18F-FDG injection (BG injnection), BG increasing rate ((PBG-FBG)/FBG, %), and BG decreasing rate ((PBG-BG injection)/PBG, %). One-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:There were significant differences ( F values: 13.074-38.371, all P<0.05) of FBG, PBG, OGL, BG decreasing rate and the injection dose of insulin among group 1 ( n=132, 67.3%), group 2 ( n=53, 27.1%), group 3 ( n=11, 5.6%). All those parameters, except for OGL, were positively correlated with FDG PET/CT IQ ( r s values: 0.142-0.262, all P<0.05). OGL was negatively correlated with IQ ( r s=-0.324, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that FBG (odds ratio ( OR)=0.687, 95% CI: 0.633-0.746), PBG( OR=0.786, 95% CI: 0.746~0.829), BG injection( OR=0.631, 95% CI: 0.595-0.716), OGL( OR=0.897, 95% CI: 0.873-0.922), the injection dose of insulin( OR=0.680, 95% CI: 0.618-0.748) were predictive factors (all P<0.01) for good IQ in all patients. For DM patients, OGL was the only predictive factor for good IQ( OR =0.940, 95% CI: 0.904-0.960; P<0.01). Conclusions:FBG, PBG, BG injection, OGL, the injection dose of insulin can predict IQ for all patients with CAD. For DM patients with CAD, OGL is the only predictive factor for good IQ. A good IQ of 18F-FDG PET/CT could be obtained in majority of CAD patients, with the standardized fasting + OGL and intravenously injection of insulin protocol and adjust according to the personal status, and prevent the hypoglycemia from happening.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1578-1582, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823395

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the curative effect of 3.0mm incision phacoemulsification and 1.8mm coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and the influence on corneal endothelial cells.<p>METHODS: A total of 78 patients(78 eyes)with age-related cataract who were hospitalized in the hospital from December 2016 to December 2018 were selected as subjects. They were divided into the standard incision group and the micro-incision group with 39 cases(39 eyes)in each group. Patients in the standard incision group were treated with 3.0mm standard incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation, while the patients in the micro-incision group were treated with 1.8mm coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. The surgical outcome and corneal endothelial cell parameters were compared between the two groups. <p>RESULTS: The phacoemulsification time of the standard incision group and the micro-incision group were(7.05±0.98)s and(7.22±0.96)s, respectively. The phacoemulsification energy was(17.01±1.89)% and(16.89±1.53)%, respectively(<i>P</i>>0.05). The LogMAR of naked eyes of both groups decreased significantly at 1d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.001), while the degree of astigmatism increased(<i>P</i><0.001). The naked vision and astigmatism of the micro-incision group were better than those of the standard incision group at 1d and 1wk after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). Endothelial cell density was significantly decreased at 1d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). The coefficient of variation of corneal endothelial cells and the thickness of central cornea increased. There was no significant difference between the standard incision group and the micro-incision group at each time poilt(<i>P</i>>0.05). There were no severe complications in either group. There was one patient with transient high intraocular pressure in the standard incision group, and the intraocular pressure returned to normal after drug treatment.<p>CONCLUSION: Both coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and standard small incision surgery have certain effects on the morphology and function of endothelial cells. Besides, there is no significant difference between them. However, coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification can minimize the surgical incision and reduce the degree of surgically induced astigmatism, and patients can recover quickly after surgery. It is a relatively safer surgical procedure.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811568

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of one living-related kidney transplant recipient infected with 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) .@*Method@#The clinical diagnosis and treatment of one relative renal transplant recipient after the occurrence of COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively, including the course of onset, clinical manifestations, blood routine test, renal function, lung CT scan, nucleic acid detection, outpatient and inpatient therapies and outcomes.@*Result@#The case was diagnosed as COVID-19 (severe type) with influenza A virus infection. The clinical symptoms were gradually relieved and the lung lesions were absorbed through the treatment of reduce and stop taking immunosuppressant, antiviral therapy of abidol/oseltamivir, prevention of bacterial infection, hormone anti-inflammatory, oxygen inhalation, nutritional support and adequate rest.@*Conclusion@#This case present typical characteristics of COVID-19 in epidemiological investigation, clinical manifestation, examination, pulmonary imaging and etiology. After comprehensive treatment including reduce and stop immunosuppressive therapy, clinical cure was achieved. The long-term effect of COVID-19 on this immunosuppressive patient remains follow-up.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand and analyze the prevalence of viral hepatitis in railway passenger occupational population in Jiangxi province, and to explore its epidemiological characteristics, so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis in railway occupational population in the future.@*Methods@#The test results of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV)-IgM, anti-HAV-IgG, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV)-IgM and anti-HEV-IgG in some passenger train attendants of Nanchang Railway Bureau from 2013 to 2015 were collected and analyzed by SPSS 19.0 and Excel 2007 software.@*Results@#The positive rate of anti-HAV-IgG was 90.6%-98.7% from 2013 to 2015, the positive rate of HBsAg was 6.6%-15.1%, the positive rate of anti-HCV was 0.2%-1.4%, the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 16.1%-24.9%; the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was significantly different between men and women, and the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 29.5%, 30.5%, 22.5% between 2013 and 2015. The positive rate of male was higher than that of female (22.3, 22.5, 13.8) (χ2=3.934, P=0.047; χ2 =4.363, P=0.037; χ2=6.755, P=0.009), and there was no significant difference between male and female in the surveillance results of other types of viral hepatitis.@*Conclusions@#The positive rate of intestinal transmitted hepatitis was high in the population and low in the acute phase. The positive rate of anti-HCV was low in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis. The positive rate of HBsAg was high in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) -matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) signaling pathway in delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP). Methods 150 male SD rats were randomly assigned to air control group (AC group) , CO poisoning group (CO group) , pyrrolidine thiocarbamate (PDTC) + CO poisoning group (PC group). DEACMP model was reconstructed by modified intraperitoneal injections. The 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 d after intraperitoneal injection were observed here by different approaches. Morris water maze test was used to test the learning and memory ability of rats.HE staining was used to observe the morphology of hippocampal CA3 cells. Immunofluorescence and Western Blot methods were used to detect the expression of NF-κB and MMP-9. RT-PCR was used to measure the expression of MMP-9 mRN A. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructure of synapses. Results After14 days, the average intubation period of CO group was longer than that of AC group (P < 0.05) , and that of PC group was shorter than that of CO group (P < 0.05). However, average intubation period of PC group was longer than that of AC group (P< 0.05). In CO group, the expression of NF-κB in hippocampus increased (day 1). At day 3, the expression of NF-κB rapidly increased. The expression of MMP-9 gene and protein increased in the first three days and then decreased thereafter. The expression of NF-κB and MMP-9 in PC group was lower than that in CO group (P < 0.05) , while it was higher than AC group (P < 0.05). The peak value of apoptosis in CO group was delayed to 7-14 d after exposure, the apoptotic cells in PC group decreased significantly, and it was obvious on the 14 th day.Electron microscopy showed that the damage of synapses ultrastructure in CO group was significantly heavier than that in PC group on the 14 th day. Conclusions NF-κB-MMP-9 signal pathway leads to DEACMP, and PDTC could alleviate the impairment of learning and memory ability in rats with acute CO poisoning.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755933

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors and treatment strategies of long-term survival after simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK ) .Methods One case of long-term post-SPK survival was reviewed and its influencing factors were analyzed along with the relevant literature .Results At 10 years post-SPK ,the patient lost transplanted kidney due to rejection and underwent secondary kidney transplantation . The transplanted pancreas functioned well and has survived for more than 18 years .Conclusions Strict preoperative screening ,adopting mature surgical approaches ,aggressive managements of various perioperative complications ,strengthening of health education of recipients ,improving of compliance and long-term regular follow-ups are conducive for enhancing long-term survival of recipients and grafts of SPK .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817735

ABSTRACT

@#【Objectives】 To comparatively analyze the diagnostic performance of transrectal real- time elastography(TRTE)and magnetic resonance diffusion- weighted imaging (DWI)in differentiating benign from malignant prostatic lesions,to evaluate the value of the two methods in guided prostate biopsy,and to investigate the correlation between the two methods and Gleason scores. 【Methods】 A total of 126 patients with suspected prostate cancer underwent prostate biopsy. Preoperative tests of TRTE and DWI were performed in all of the included patients. Combined with pathological results,the diagnostic efficacy of TRTE and DWI for prostate cancer and the effects of prostate biopsy guided by the two methods were compared ,and the relationship between the elastography score and ADC value and Gleason scores were also evaluated.【Results】 The sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of diagnosing prostate cancer by TRTE were 78.8% ,78.3% ,78.6% ,the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of diagnosing prostate cancer by DWI were 87.9% ,90% ,88.9% , there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between the two groups(P > 0.05),and the accuracy was statistically different(P < 0.05). The AUC of elastography score and ADC value were 0.859 and 0.906,the accuracy of the diagnosis of benign and malignant prostate lesions by ADC value method was higher than elastography score ,but there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between elastography score and Gleason scores,while a significant negative correlation was found between ADC value and Gleason scores.【Conclusions】TRTE and DWI is valuable in diagnosis of prostatic lesions. Biopsy guided by the two methods can improve the detection rate of prostate cancer and can provide indicative evidence for tumor differentiation analysis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773204

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the protective effect and preliminary mechanism of Danzhi Jiangtang Capsules( DJC) on liver of hyperlipidemic rats. The hyperlipidemia models were successfully made by high-fat diet for 12 weeks in male SD rats,and then divided into model control group and DJC treatment groups( 500 and 1 000 mg·kg~(-1)·d-1) via gavage administration for additional 8 weeks.The levels of serum lipid and liver metabolism indices were detected; HE and oil red O staining were used to observe the pathological changes of liver. Expression levels of extracellular regulated protein kinase 1/2( ERK1/2),c-Jun N-terminal kinase( JNK),and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase( p38 MAPK) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction( RT-PCR). Expression of MCP-1,phosphorylated ERK( p-ERK),phosphorylated JNK( p-JNK),and phosphorylated p38 MAPK( p-p38) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that DJC decreased body weight and serum levels of total cholesterol( TC),triglyceride( TG),alanine aminotransferase( ALT),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),increased serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol( HDL-C) level,ameliorate injury and lipid deposition in the liver induced by the high-fat diet,decreased mRNA expression of ERK1/2,JNK and p-38 MAPK as well as protein expression of p-ERK,p-JNK,p-p38,and MCP-1,somewhat showing a dose-dependent effect. Therefore,DJC has an obvious protective effect on liver of hyperlipidemic rats with certain dose-dependent effect,and the mechanism may be related with inhibiting MAPK pathways and inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Diet, High-Fat , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Inflammation , Liver , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Desminopathy, a hereditary myofibrillar myopathy, mainly results from the desmin gene (DES) mutations. Desminopathy involves various phenotypes, mainly including different cardiomyopathies, skeletal myopathy, and arrhythmia. Combined with genotype, it helps us precisely diagnose and treat for desminopathy.@*METHODS@#Sanger sequencing was used to characterize DES variation, and then a minigene assay was used to verify the effect of splice-site mutation on pre-mRNA splicing. Phenotypes were analyzed based on clinical characteristics associated with desminopathy.@*RESULTS@#A splicing mutation (c.735+1G>T) in DES was detected in the proband. A minigene assay revealed skipping of the whole exon 3 and transcription of abnormal pre-mRNA lacking 32 codons. Another affected family member who carried the identical mutation, was identified with a novel phenotype of desminopathy, non-compaction of ventricular myocardium. There were 2 different phenotypes varied in cardiomyopathy and skeletal myopathy among the 2 patients, but no significant correlation between genotype and phenotype was identified.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We reported a novel phenotype with a splicing mutation in DES, enlarging the spectrum of phenotype in desminopathy. Molecular studies of desminopathy should promote our understanding of its pathogenesis and provide a precise molecular diagnosis of this disorder, facilitating clinical prevention and treatment at an early stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asians , Cardiomyopathies , Genetics , Pathology , Desmin , Genetics , Electrocardiography , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscular Dystrophies , Genetics , Pathology , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotypes and the hematological phenotypic characteristics of α-thalassemia in different areas of Fujian and to evaluate the values of mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), hemoglobin (Hb), RBC distribution width/red blood cell (RDW/RBC) for screening α-thalassemia in this area.@*METHODS@#The Gap-PCR assay was applied for detecting 3 common deletional mutations of patients with α-thalassemia, and the reverse dot-blot (RDB) assay was adopted to detect the foci of 3 common non-deletional gene mutations.Then,the hematological parameters of individuals with α-thalassemia were analyzed. Finally, the optimal cut-off value in hematological indexes for screening α-thalassemia were determined by the ROC curve.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 16 types of gene mutations were found in 772 patients with α-thalassemia. Among them, the -SEA/αα deletion mutation was the most common which was observed in 521 cases(67.49%). Compared with the control group, the differences in MCV, MCH, and Hb were statistically significant between the patients of the same sex but no same type. In male groups, the RDW/RBC ratio was statistically significant in individuals of light type and HbH disease as compared with the healthy control group. But in female groups, the statistical different of RDW/RBC ratio was found between only HbH disease group and control group. MCV<81.25 fl, MCH<27.30 pg, Hb(male)<128.5 g/L, and Hb(female) <123.5 g/L, with the highest specificity and the highest sensitivity, were the best cut-off points for screening α-thalassemia in the laboratory.@*CONCLUSION@#Due to the difference of regional heterogeneity and hospital equipment environment, the different laboratories need to establish cut-off value for screening α-thalassemia suitable for its local region. In future, our laboratory can use MCV<81.25 fl, MCH<27.30 pg, Hb(male)<128.5 g/L, and Hb(female) <123.5 g/L for value for clinical screening, of α-thalassemia.


Subject(s)
China , Erythrocyte Indices , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , alpha-Thalassemia
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708950

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of pulmonary ventilation/ perfusion (V/ Q) SPECT in evaluation of anticoagulant therapy for patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) and identify factors which may affect the therapy. Methods From July 2014 to December 2016, sixty-three patients (23 males, 40 females, age (60±14) years), who were clinically diagnosed as PE and underwent V/ Q SPECT before and after anticoagulant therapy, were recruited retrospectively in this study. According to the percentage of lung perfusion defect (PD) out of total lung volume, the patients were divided into mild (<20%) PE, moderate (20%-50%) PE, and severe (>50%) PE groups. The lung PD decreased≥50% after anticoagulant thera-py and no new PD detected was defined as the standard of effective therapy, otherwise the treatment were defined as ineffective. Data of different groups were compared. Factors that may predict the severity of PD or affect the treatment were analyzed. χ2 test and logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results PE were detected in 476 pulmonary segments and sub segments. The distribution of PE in different lung lobes had no statistically significant difference ( χ2 = 4. 995, P > 0. 05). More pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) were detected in patients with severe PE (80%, 12/ 15) and moderate PE (66.7%,16/ 24) in comparison with patients with mild PE (41.7%,10/ 24; χ2 = 7.062, P<0.05). The occurrence of PAH was related to the severity of PD, with odds ratio (OR) value of 2.680 (95% CI: 1.115-6.446, P<0. 05).PAH was an independent risk factor for treatment effect (OR value: 3.134(95% CI: 1.341-7. 324), P<0. 05). Conclusions V/ Q SPECT has an important value for evaluating the effect of anticoagulant therapy and guiding individual therapy. The more extent of PE involved, the higher prevalence of PAH. Anticoagu-lant therapy may be ineffective in PE patients with moderate or severe PAH.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 824-830, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705134

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of liraglutide on expression of fibroblast growth factor 21 in white ad-ipose tissues and its mechanisms. Methods Male SD rats were subjected to a standard control diet or high-fat diet ( HFD) for 12 weeks, then the HFD group was in-jected introperitoneally with 30 mg · kg-1 streptozoto-cin to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus model. Half number of rats of type 2 diabetes mellitus were injected with liraglutide ( DM +LRG, 0. 4 mg · kg-1 · d-1 , two times one day ) for another 6 weeks. Serum bio-chemical indices and FGF21 levels were detected. The pathological changes in epididymal adipose tissues were detected by HE staining. The mRNA and protein ex-pression and phosphorylation of FGF21 , peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ( PPARγ) , fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3),β-Klotho, liver ki-nase B1(LKB1), AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), a-cetyl-CoA carboxylase ( ACC ) and phosphorylation of signaling molecules in MAPK pathway were assessed by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot re-spectively. Results Body mass and serum lipid, ALT and AST levels increased in DM group, while FGF21 level decreased, and the volume of adipose cells in ep-ididymal adipose tissues was expanded. Expressions of FGF21, PPARγ, p-FGFR3, β-Klotho, p-LKB1, p-AMPK, p-ACC were down-regulated, while p-ERK, p-JNK and p-p38 expression were all increased. These indices were reverted by liraglutide treatment. Conclu-sion Liraglutide has significant lipid-lowering effect, which maybe related with increased FGF21 expression, activating AMPK pathway and inhibiting MAPK path-way.

19.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 204-209, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702701

ABSTRACT

Objective:Preliminary study on rats with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) model intervention agent tBHQ before and after the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2) and its downstream target genes of heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) change in hippocampus associated,in order to further study the pathogenesis of DEACMP,at the same time for the targeted therapy of provide a certain experimental basis.Methods: One hundred and twenty rats were randomly divided into carbon monoxide poisoning group(CO group),air control group(AC group),carbon monoxide+3% ethanol group(EC group),carbon monoxide+tBHQ group(group TC),then the rats in exposure after 1 d,3 d,7 d,14 d,21 d,28 d,with the machine was divided into 6 sub groups,followed by the Morris water maze test to observe the behavior of rats,immunohistochemistry and protein Western blot method of chemical(Western blot) detecting expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 mploying intervention agent tBHQ before and after,and then TUNEL staining was detected cell apoptosis.Results: CO group,EC group,TC group Nrf2 in hippocampus of rats and the expression of HO-1 were increased in the first day and reach a peak at the third day,then gradually decreased,and at each time point in AC group were statistically significant,TC group and CO group Nrf2 and HO-1 were increased in each sub group and the deffirences were statistically meaning.Comparison apoptotic cells in CO group,EC group,TC group with AC group rats increased significantly over time,and showed higher peak(7-14 d)-decreased.TC group compared with CO group,the apoptotic cells(7-14 d) decreased,the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion: The Nrf2/ARE/HO-1 pathway plays an important role in the development of DEACMP,and the tBHQ specific activation of the Nrf2 pathway achieves early protection and is expected to reduce or mitigate DEACMP.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1268-1270, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695425

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To investigate the effect of calcium dobesilate on vitreous hemorrhage in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( PDR ) after pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP). ·METHODS:Totally 62 patients (30 cases with binocular lesions, 32 cases with monocular lesions, a total of 92 eyes) with PDR who were treated in our hospital from January 2015 to July 2017 were selected as the subjects. They were divided into the control group ( treated with pan retinal photocoagulation, n = 30, 17 cases with monocular lesions, 13 cases with binocular lesions, a total of 43 eyes ) and the study group ( treated with calcium dobesilate on the basis of treatment for the control group, n=32, 15 cases with monocular lesions, 17 cases with binocular lesions, a total of 49 eyes ). The recovery of visual acuity, blood rheology ( plasma viscosity, hematocrit, erythrocyte deformation index) and the incidence of complications such as vitreous hemorrhage in the two groups after surgery were observed. ·RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in the rate of excellent and good visual acuity, plasma viscosity, hematocrit or erythrocyte deformability index before treatment ( P>0. 05 ). After treatment, the rate of excellent and good visual acuity in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0. 05). After treatment, the plasma viscosity and hematocrit decreased significantly while the erythrocyte deformability index significantly increased only in the study group, and changes of above -mentioned indexes in the study group were more obvious than those in the control group after treatment (P<0. 05). The incidence rate of vitreous hemorrhage and total incidence rate of complications in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: The application of calcium dobesilate in patients with PDR after pan retinal photocoagulation can effectively improve the recovery of visual acuity and reduce the incidence of complications such as vitreous hemorrhage. The mechanism may be related to effectively improving the hemodynamics.

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