Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 145
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 26-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy after cesarean section complicated with placenta previa.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted to select a total of 747 pregnant women with the third trimester singleton pregnancy after cesarean section complicated with placenta previa from 12 tertiary hospitals in January 1st to December 31st, 2018. The risk factors of severe adverse outcomes [hysterectomy, intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml, intraoperative diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS)] in pregnant women with second pregnancy complicated with placenta previa after cesarean section were investigated by logistic regression analysis. The roles of prenatal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the prediction of PAS and severe adverse outcomes were observed. According to whether vascular intervention was performed (uterine artery embolization or abdominal aortic balloon occlusion), the pregnant women were divided into the blocked group and the unblocked group, and the maternal and infant perinatal outcomes between the two groups were compared.Results:(1) General information: the hysterectomy rate of 747 pregnant women with second pregnancy complicated with placenta previa after cesarean section was 10.4% (78/747), the intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml in 55.8% (417/747), and PAS was confirmed in 47.5% (355/747). The incidence of uterine rupture was 0.8% (6/747). (2) Analysis of risk factors for severe adverse outcomes: based on binary unconditioned logistic regression univariate and multivariate analysis, the risk factors for hysterectomy were the mode of vascular embolization and intraoperative blood loss. The probability of hysterectomy with uterine artery embolization was 5.319 times higher than that with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (95% CI: 1.346-21.018). The risk factors of intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml were the number of cesarean section delivery, ultrasonography indicated PAS and suspected PAS, intraoperative PAS and complete placenta previa. The risk factors for intraoperative PAS were uterine scar thickness, ultrasonography indicated PAS and suspected PAS, MRI indicated PAS and suspected PAS, and complete placenta previa. (3) The roles of ultrasonography and MRI in predicting PAS: the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in predicting PAS were 47.5% and 88.4%; the kappa value was 0.279 ( P<0.001), with fair agreement. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI to predict PAS were 79.2% and 97.8%, respectively. The kappa value was 0.702 ( P<0.001), indicating a good agreement. The intraoperative blood loss and hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with PAS indicated by ultrasonography and MRI were significantly higher than those with PAS only by ultrasonography or MRI. (4) Influence of vascular occlusion on pregnancy outcome: there were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss and incidence of intraoperative bleeding ≥1 000 ml between the blocked group and the unblocked group (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the pregnant women with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion, uterine artery embolization and those without occlusion ( P=0.409). The hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with uterine artery embolization was significantly higher than those with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion [39.3% (22/56) vs 10.0% (5/50), P=0.001]. Conclusions:In the third trimester of pregnancy with placenta previa after cesarean section, MRI examination has better consistency in predicting PAS than ultrasonography examination. Ultrasonography examination combined with MRI examination could effectively predict the hysterectomy rate and intraoperative blood loss. Vascular occlusion could not reduce the amount of intraoperative blood loss. The hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with uterine artery embolization is higher than those with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 105-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hemodynamic characteristics and dynamic cerebral autoregulation(dCA) of patients with severe carotid stenosis before carotid endarterectomy(CEA), and to analyze their correlations with hyperperfusion after CEA.Methods:A total of 63 patients with unilateral severe carotid artery atherosclerotic stenosis who underwent CEA were consecutively recruited prospectively in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2021 to August 2021. According to postoperative hyperperfusion, patients were divided into hyperperfusion group (13 cases) and non-hyperperfusion group (50 cases). The general clinical data and hemodynamic parameters were compared between the two groups. The dCA was evaluated by the transfer function analysis that measured the fluctuation amplitude of mean cerebral blood flow velocity(CBFV) with blood pressure change, the time difference of phase with blood pressure change, and the correlation between mean CBFV and blood pressure change. The value of dCA for predicting postoperative hyperperfusion was analyzed through the ROC curve and the area under the curve(AUC).Results:①The proportion of hypertension in hyperperfusion group was higher than that in non-hyperperfusion group ( P<0.05). ②The peak systolic velocity (PSV) at the stenosis lesion of the internal carotid artery, the end-diastolic velocity (EDV) at the stenosis lesion of the internal carotid artery and the ratio of PSV at the stenosis lesion of the internal carotid artery to the distal internal carotid artery in the hyperperfusion group were higher than the non-hyperperfusion group.And the PSV of the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery in the hyperperfusion group was lower than the non-hyperperfusion group (all P<0.05). ③In the very low-frequency and low-frequency region, the phase in the hyperperfusion group was lower than that in the non-hyperperfusion group (all P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the high-frequency regions( P>0.05). In the three regions of very low-frequency, low-frequency and high-frequency, there were no significant differences in the gain and coherence between the two groups(all P>0.05). ④The best cutoff value of phase in the very low-frequency was 33.28 for predicting hyperperfusion after CEA (AUC=0.766, 95% CI=0.629-0.904, P=0.03), with the specificity of 0.700, and sensitivity of 0.846. Conclusions:There are differences in hemodynamics and dCA between the hyperperfusion group and the non-hyperperfusion group after CEA. The impaired preoperative dynamic cerebral autoregulation is an independent predictor of postoperative hyperperfusion.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and to preliminarily explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with CFS were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case excluded) and an acupuncture group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion, while the patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a day, 6 days as a course of treatment with 1 day interval, for a total of 2 courses of treatment. Before treatment, 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up of 14 days after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) and somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) scores were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured and CD+4/CD+8 ratio was calculated; the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the two groups were decreased 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up (P<0.01), and the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio in the moxibustion group were increased after treatment (P<0.01). There was no significant difference of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio between before and after treatment in the acupuncture group (P>0.05). After treatment, the contents of CD+3 and CD+4 in the moxibustion group were higher than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion could improve the physical and mental fatigue symptoms and psychological status in patients with CFS. Its effect may be related to regulating the contents of CD+3, CD+4 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and CD+4/CD+8 ratio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Physical Examination
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2343-2351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 199-204, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and feasibility of optimized pathological evaluation system of donor's kidney and modified surgery during adult dual kidney transplantation(DKT)and evaluate its effectiveness to provide more alternative protocols for kidney transplantation from extended criteria donors.Methods:DKT was performed in 10 recipients using the same protocol from June 2019 to May 2021.And retrospective reviewing was performed for clinical data, including characteristics of donors and recipients, optimized pathological evaluation system, modified surgery, treatment regimens, complications and follow-ups.Results:There were 8 male and 2 female donors with an age of(57.9±12.8)years and BMI(24.1±4.1)kg/m 2.The percentage of DCD was 70% and DBD 30%.The serum creatinine before procurement was 107.6(93.3-163.5)μmol/l.Zero-point puncture biopsy was performed for both kidneys and optimized pathological evaluation system was implemented(Banff criteria & Remuzzi score). The pathological results indicated that glomerular sclerosis for left and right kidneys were 2.0(1.5-2.0)and 1.5(1.0-2.0). And Remuzzi score for left and right kidneys were(4.4±1.2)and(3.6±1.5)points respectively.All recipients were male with an age of(43.1±9.0)years and BMI(22.2±1.9)kg/m 2.All PRAs were negative pre-operation.Modified surgery was performed in all recipients(two kidneys were implanted outside iliac vessels without patch and artery of superior kidney was anastomosed to internal iliac artery). Operative duration was(195±54.3)min and serum creatinine before discharge 125.0(102.0-199.0)μmol/L.Renal dynamic scintigraphy indicated that glomerular filtration rate was(30.0±8.2)ml/min for left kidney and(29.2±13.9)ml/min for right kidney.MRA results indicated that morphologies of renal arteries and veins were regular.The time between operation and discharge was(22.4±4.7)days.Compared with SKT, serum creatinine before discharge of DKT was lower and DGF incidence of DKT was higher without statistical significance.The time between operation and discharge was longer for DKT than that for SKT( P<0.05). The complications consisted of 20% donor derived infection(DDI)and 50% DGF.And there was no surgical complication associated with vessels and ureter.Renal function remained stable during 6-month follow-ups. Conclusions:Optimized pathological evaluation system of donor's kidney and modified surgery during adult dual kidney transplantation are both safe and feasible.The postoperative function of transplanted dual kidney is successfully restored.However, long-term follow-ups are required for evaluating its effectiveness.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 708-712, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of generative adversarial networks-based PET image reconstruction in improving the quality of low-dose 18F-FDG PET images and lesion detection in pediatric patients. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 61 PET images of children (38 males, 23 females, age (4.0±3.5) years) who underwent 18F-FDG total-body PET/CT imaging in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2021 to December 2021 was performed. The low-dose images (30 s, 20 s, 10 s) of all children extracted by list mode were input into the generative adversarial networks for deep learning (DL) reconstruction to obtain the corresponding simulated standard full-dose images (DL-30 s, DL-20 s, DL-10 s). The semi-quantitative parameters of the liver blood pool and primary lesion of standard full-dose 120 s, 30 s, 20 s, 10 s, DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s images were measured. The target-to-background ratio (TBR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and CV were calculated. The 5-point Likert scale was used for subjective scoring of image quality, and the detective abilities for positive lesions of each groups were compared. The sensitivities and positive predictive values of positive lesions detection were calculated. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and χ2 test were used for data analyses. Results:CNR of the 30 s, 20 s, and 10 s groups were lower than those of DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups, respectively ( z values: -3.58, -3.20, -3.65, all P<0.05). Score of DL-10 s group was significantly lower than those of 120 s, DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups (4(3, 4), 5(4, 5), 4(4, 5), 4(4, 5); H=97.70, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in TBR, CNR, CV, SUV max and SUV mean of lesions and liver blood pool in 120 s, DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups ( H values: 0.00-6.76, all P>0.05). The sensitivities of positive lesion detection in DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups were 97.83%(225/230), 96.96%(223/230), 95.65%(220/230), respectively, and the positive predictive values were 96.57%(225/233), 93.70%(223/238), 84.94%(220/259), respectively. The positive predictive value in DL-10 s group was lower than those in DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups ( χ2=23.51, P<0.001). There were more false-positive and false-negative lesions detected by DL-10 s group than those of DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups in different sites. Conclusion:Based on the generative adversarial networks, the image quality of DL-20 s group is high and can meet the clinical diagnostic requirements.

7.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 466-478, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT is often used for detecting malignancy in patients with newly diagnosed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), with acceptable sensitivity but relatively low specificity. The aim of this study was to improve the diagnostic ability of 18F-FDG PET/CT in identifying malignancy in patients with HLH by combining 18F-FDG PET/CT and clinical parameters. @*Materials and Methods@#Ninety-seven patients (age ≥ 14 years) with secondary HLH were retrospectively reviewed and divided into the derivation (n = 71) and validation (n = 26) cohorts according to admission time. In the derivation cohort, 22 patients had malignancy-associated HLH (M-HLH) and 49 patients had non-malignancy-associated HLH (NM-HLH). Data on pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT and laboratory results were collected. The variables were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test or Pearson’s chi-square test, and a nomogram for predicting M-HLH was constructed using multivariable binary logistic regression. The predictors were also ranked using decision-tree analysis. The nomogram and decision tree were validated in the validation cohort (10 patients with M-HLH and 16 patients with NM-HLH). @*Results@#The ratio of the maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the lymph nodes to that of the mediastinum, the ratio of the SUVmax of bone lesions or bone marrow to that of the mediastinum, and age were selected for constructing the model. The nomogram showed good performance in predicting M-HLH in the validation cohort, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.875 (95% confidence interval, 0.686–0.971). At an appropriate cutoff value, the sensitivity and specificity for identifying M-HLH were 90% (9/10) and 68.8% (11/16), respectively. The decision tree integrating the same variables showed 70% (7/10) sensitivity and 93.8% (15/16) specificity for identifying M-HLH. In comparison, visual analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT images demonstrated 100% (10/10) sensitivity and 12.5% (2/16) specificity. @*Conclusion@#18F-FDG PET/CT may be a practical technique for identifying M-HLH. The model constructed using 18F-FDG PET/CT features and age was able to detect malignancy with better accuracy than visual analysis of 18F-FDG PET/CT images.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 737-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prove the therapeutic effect of auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking on primary dysmenorrhea (PD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with PD were randomized into an auricular intradermal needling group, an auricular point sticking group and a placebo group, 30 cases in each one. Neishengzhiqi (TF@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of CMSS, VAS and SAS were decreased at each time point of treatment in the auricular intradermal needling group, 2, 3 courses into treatment and at follow-up in the auricular point sticking group and 3 courses into treatment in the placebo group (@*CONCLUSION@#Auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking can both improve the clinical symptom of primary dysmenorrhea, relieve the pain and anxiety, their mechanism may be related to regulating the serum levels of PGF


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Anxiety Disorders , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 344-348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the medium-term outcomes of single kidney transplantation from senile deceased donors aged above 65 years.Methods:Forty-three kidney recipients from donors aged above 65(old-aged donor group, OAD) and 43 kidney recipients of the same age and gender from donors aged 18 to 49 years(standard-criteria donor group, SCD) were retrospectively reviewed.The survival outcomes of patients and grafts, renal functions, the incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and other complications were recorded within the 3-year follow-up post-transplantation.Results:The 3-year patient survival rates were 95.3% both in OAD and SCD and the 3-year death-censored graft survival rates 92.7% and 97.6% respectively.The serum levels of creatinine were significantly higher in OAD than that in SCD( P<0.05). And lower estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was found in OAD as compared with SCD( P<0.05). No significant difference existed in the incidence of DGF(OAD 20.9% and SCD 18.6%, P>0.05), acute rejection (OAD 4.7% and SCD 2.3%, P>0.05)or proteinuria(OAD 27.9%and SCD 14.0%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Single kidney transplantation from old-aged deceased donors may achieve excellent medium-term survival outcomes of patients and grafts.It can expand the donor pool though kidney functions were not as good as those of SCD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 545-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared.Results:Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta ( P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95% CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness ( OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions:(1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 211-216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941093

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the brain glucose metabolism and left ventricular function parameters, and to explore the cerebral glucose metabolism reduction regions in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Methods: A total of 110 consecutive IHD patients who underwent gated (99)Tc(m)-sestamibi (MIBI) SPECT/CT myocardial perfusion imaging, gated (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT myocardial and brain glucose metabolic imaging within three days in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from April 2016 to October 2017, were enrolled in this study. Left ventricular functional parameters of SPECT/CT and PET/CT including end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were analyzed by QGS software. Viable myocardium and myocardial infarction region were determined by 17-segment and 5 score system, and the ratio of viable myocardium and scar myocardium was calculated. According to the range of viable myocardium, the patients were divided into viable myocardium<10% group (n=44), viable myocardium 10%-<20% group (n=36) and viable myocardium≥20% group (n=30). Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the range of viable myocardium and scar myocardium and the level of cerebral glucose metabolism. Brain glucose metabolism determined by the mean of standardized uptake value (SUV(mean)) was analyzed by SPM. The ratio of SUV(mean) in whole brain and SUV(mean) in cerebellum were calculated, namely taget/background ratio (TBR). Differences in cerebral glucose metabolism among various groups were analyzed by SPM. Results: There were 101 males, and age was (57±10) years in this cohort. The extent of viable myocardium and the extent of scar, LVEF evaluated by SPECT/CT and PET/CT were significantly correlated with TBR (r=0.280, r=-0.329, r=0.188, r=0.215 respectively,all P<0.05). TBR value was significantly lower in viable myocardium<10% group, compared with viable myocardium 10%-<20% group (1.25±0.97 vs. 1.32±0.17, P<0.05) and viable myocardium≥20% group (1.25±0.97 vs. 1.34±0.16, P<0.05). Furthermore, in comparison with viable myocardium≥20% group, the hypo-metabolic regions of viable myocardium<10% group were located in the precuneus, frontal lobe, postcentral gyrus, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and so on. Conclusions: There is a correlation between impaired left ventricular function and brain glucose metabolism in IHD patients. In IHD patients with low myocardial viability, the level of glucose metabolism in the whole brain is decreased, especially in the brain functional areas related to cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Glucose , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Radiopharmaceuticals , Stroke Volume , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 148-151, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of one living-related kidney transplant recipient infected with 2019 coronavirus disease(COVID-19).Methods:The clinical diagnosis and treatment of one living-related kidney transplant recipient after the occurrence of COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively. Course of onset, clinical manifestations, laboratory and image enamination, outpatient and inpatient therapies and outcomes.Results:The renal transplant recipient was diagnosed as COVID-19(severe) with influenza A virus infection based upon epidemiological survey, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging findings and etiological tests. The clinical symptoms were gradually relieved and lung lesions became absorbed after tapering and withdrawing immunosuppressants, antiviral therapy of abidol/oseltamivir, antibiotic therapy, hormonal anti-inflammation, oxygen inhalation, nutritional supports and adequate rest.Conclusions:Living-related kidney transplant recipients have specific immunosuppressive states.The long-term effect of covid-19 on recipients should be determined through long-term follow-ups.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 351-356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of 18F-fluorodexoyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in distinguishing benign from malignant tumors in patients with cardiac tumors. Methods:Between January 2015 and September 2018, 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed in 3 678 patents in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, and 51 of them (51/3 678, 1.39%) were diagnosed as cardiac tumors. Finally, 28 patients (10 males, 18 females; mean age (52±14) years, age range: 18-84 years) with pathological results were included. According to pathological results, patients were divided into 4 groups: group 1 with primary benign cardiac tumor ( n=9), group 2 with primary malignant cardiac tumor ( n=9), group 3 with lymphoma ( n=6) and group 4 with secondary malignant cardiac tumor ( n=4). All patients underwent early (60 min) 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and 22 patients (6, 7, 6, 3 patients in group 1, group 2, group 3, group 4 respectively) underwent delayed (120 min) imaging. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) and target/backgroud ratio (TBR) of 4 groups in early imaging and delayed imaging were calculated and compared with one-way analysis of viariace and Scheffe Post-hoc test. TBR were calcualted as SUV max/mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean) in the liver. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was also performed. Results:SUV max during early imaging, defined SUV max(early), was 2.6±1.5, 9.9±4.0, 20.5±6.1, 9.2±5.8 in group 1-4 respectively ( F=21.39, P<0.01), the value of group 1 was lower than that of group 2 and 3, and the value of group 3 was the highest (all P<0.005). TBR early was 1.1±0.6, 4.1±1.6, 9.4±2.6, 3.7±2.0 in the 4 groups ( F=29.15, P<0.01), the value of group 1 was lower than that of group 2 and 3, and the value of group 3 was the highest (all P<0.005). SUV max in delayed imaging (SUV max(delay)) was 2.4±1.2, 11.0±5.9, 25.8±7.7, 13.7±7.7 respectively in the 4 groups ( F=16.01, P<0.01). TBR delay was also significantly different among the 4 groups (1.3±0.7, 5.5±2.9, 14.4±4.9, 7.9±5.0; F=14.78, P<0.01), the value of group 3 was higher than that of group 1 and 2 (all P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed optimal cut-off values for indicating malignancy were: SUV max(early)=4.2, TBR early=1.6, SUV max(delay)=4.6, TBR delay=1.9. The corresponding sensitivities, specificities, accuracies were 19/19, 8/9, 96.4%(27/28); 19/19, 7/9, 92.9%(26/28); 16/16, 6/6, 100%(22/22); 16/16, 5/6, 95.5%(21/22), respectively. Conclusions:18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can accurately diagnose malignant cardiac tumors. Delayed imaging can further improve the accuracy for diagnosis of malignant cardiac tumors.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 281-287, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the image quality (IQ) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and identify its influenfial factors in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods:A total of 196 consecutive CAD patients (174 males, 22 females, 68 DM; age: (57±10) years) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG myocardial PET/CT imaging. The standardized fasting+ oral glucose loading (OGL) and intravenously injection of insulin protocol was performed. According to the FDG uptake by myocardium, background activity in blood and other visceral organ nearby the heart, the IQ was visually evaluated and scored by 0-4. Zero-two was considered as good IQ, 3-4 was regarded as poor IQ. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1 (non-DM+ good IQ), group 2 (DM+ good IQ), group 3 (DM+ poor IQ). Factors which may affect IQ were analyzed, which including OGL, the injection dose of insulin, fasting blood glucose (FBG), peak blood glucose (PBG), blood glucose (BG) level at 18F-FDG injection (BG injnection), BG increasing rate ((PBG-FBG)/FBG, %), and BG decreasing rate ((PBG-BG injection)/PBG, %). One-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:There were significant differences ( F values: 13.074-38.371, all P<0.05) of FBG, PBG, OGL, BG decreasing rate and the injection dose of insulin among group 1 ( n=132, 67.3%), group 2 ( n=53, 27.1%), group 3 ( n=11, 5.6%). All those parameters, except for OGL, were positively correlated with FDG PET/CT IQ ( r s values: 0.142-0.262, all P<0.05). OGL was negatively correlated with IQ ( r s=-0.324, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that FBG (odds ratio ( OR)=0.687, 95% CI: 0.633-0.746), PBG( OR=0.786, 95% CI: 0.746~0.829), BG injection( OR=0.631, 95% CI: 0.595-0.716), OGL( OR=0.897, 95% CI: 0.873-0.922), the injection dose of insulin( OR=0.680, 95% CI: 0.618-0.748) were predictive factors (all P<0.01) for good IQ in all patients. For DM patients, OGL was the only predictive factor for good IQ( OR =0.940, 95% CI: 0.904-0.960; P<0.01). Conclusions:FBG, PBG, BG injection, OGL, the injection dose of insulin can predict IQ for all patients with CAD. For DM patients with CAD, OGL is the only predictive factor for good IQ. A good IQ of 18F-FDG PET/CT could be obtained in majority of CAD patients, with the standardized fasting + OGL and intravenously injection of insulin protocol and adjust according to the personal status, and prevent the hypoglycemia from happening.

15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): E006-E006, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811568

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of one living-related kidney transplant recipient infected with 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) .@*Method@#The clinical diagnosis and treatment of one relative renal transplant recipient after the occurrence of COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively, including the course of onset, clinical manifestations, blood routine test, renal function, lung CT scan, nucleic acid detection, outpatient and inpatient therapies and outcomes.@*Result@#The case was diagnosed as COVID-19 (severe type) with influenza A virus infection. The clinical symptoms were gradually relieved and the lung lesions were absorbed through the treatment of reduce and stop taking immunosuppressant, antiviral therapy of abidol/oseltamivir, prevention of bacterial infection, hormone anti-inflammatory, oxygen inhalation, nutritional support and adequate rest.@*Conclusion@#This case present typical characteristics of COVID-19 in epidemiological investigation, clinical manifestation, examination, pulmonary imaging and etiology. After comprehensive treatment including reduce and stop immunosuppressive therapy, clinical cure was achieved. The long-term effect of COVID-19 on this immunosuppressive patient remains follow-up.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1578-1582, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823395

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the curative effect of 3.0mm incision phacoemulsification and 1.8mm coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and the influence on corneal endothelial cells.<p>METHODS: A total of 78 patients(78 eyes)with age-related cataract who were hospitalized in the hospital from December 2016 to December 2018 were selected as subjects. They were divided into the standard incision group and the micro-incision group with 39 cases(39 eyes)in each group. Patients in the standard incision group were treated with 3.0mm standard incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation, while the patients in the micro-incision group were treated with 1.8mm coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. The surgical outcome and corneal endothelial cell parameters were compared between the two groups. <p>RESULTS: The phacoemulsification time of the standard incision group and the micro-incision group were(7.05±0.98)s and(7.22±0.96)s, respectively. The phacoemulsification energy was(17.01±1.89)% and(16.89±1.53)%, respectively(<i>P</i>>0.05). The LogMAR of naked eyes of both groups decreased significantly at 1d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.001), while the degree of astigmatism increased(<i>P</i><0.001). The naked vision and astigmatism of the micro-incision group were better than those of the standard incision group at 1d and 1wk after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). Endothelial cell density was significantly decreased at 1d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). The coefficient of variation of corneal endothelial cells and the thickness of central cornea increased. There was no significant difference between the standard incision group and the micro-incision group at each time poilt(<i>P</i>>0.05). There were no severe complications in either group. There was one patient with transient high intraocular pressure in the standard incision group, and the intraocular pressure returned to normal after drug treatment.<p>CONCLUSION: Both coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification and standard small incision surgery have certain effects on the morphology and function of endothelial cells. Besides, there is no significant difference between them. However, coaxial micro-incision phacoemulsification can minimize the surgical incision and reduce the degree of surgically induced astigmatism, and patients can recover quickly after surgery. It is a relatively safer surgical procedure.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 163-165, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand and analyze the prevalence of viral hepatitis in railway passenger occupational population in Jiangxi province, and to explore its epidemiological characteristics, so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis in railway occupational population in the future.@*Methods@#The test results of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV)-IgM, anti-HAV-IgG, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV)-IgM and anti-HEV-IgG in some passenger train attendants of Nanchang Railway Bureau from 2013 to 2015 were collected and analyzed by SPSS 19.0 and Excel 2007 software.@*Results@#The positive rate of anti-HAV-IgG was 90.6%-98.7% from 2013 to 2015, the positive rate of HBsAg was 6.6%-15.1%, the positive rate of anti-HCV was 0.2%-1.4%, the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 16.1%-24.9%; the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was significantly different between men and women, and the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 29.5%, 30.5%, 22.5% between 2013 and 2015. The positive rate of male was higher than that of female (22.3, 22.5, 13.8) (χ2=3.934, P=0.047; χ2 =4.363, P=0.037; χ2=6.755, P=0.009), and there was no significant difference between male and female in the surveillance results of other types of viral hepatitis.@*Conclusions@#The positive rate of intestinal transmitted hepatitis was high in the population and low in the acute phase. The positive rate of anti-HCV was low in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis. The positive rate of HBsAg was high in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Desminopathy, a hereditary myofibrillar myopathy, mainly results from the desmin gene (DES) mutations. Desminopathy involves various phenotypes, mainly including different cardiomyopathies, skeletal myopathy, and arrhythmia. Combined with genotype, it helps us precisely diagnose and treat for desminopathy.@*METHODS@#Sanger sequencing was used to characterize DES variation, and then a minigene assay was used to verify the effect of splice-site mutation on pre-mRNA splicing. Phenotypes were analyzed based on clinical characteristics associated with desminopathy.@*RESULTS@#A splicing mutation (c.735+1G>T) in DES was detected in the proband. A minigene assay revealed skipping of the whole exon 3 and transcription of abnormal pre-mRNA lacking 32 codons. Another affected family member who carried the identical mutation, was identified with a novel phenotype of desminopathy, non-compaction of ventricular myocardium. There were 2 different phenotypes varied in cardiomyopathy and skeletal myopathy among the 2 patients, but no significant correlation between genotype and phenotype was identified.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We reported a novel phenotype with a splicing mutation in DES, enlarging the spectrum of phenotype in desminopathy. Molecular studies of desminopathy should promote our understanding of its pathogenesis and provide a precise molecular diagnosis of this disorder, facilitating clinical prevention and treatment at an early stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Cardiomyopathies , Genetics , Pathology , Desmin , Genetics , Electrocardiography , Genotype , Muscular Dystrophies , Genetics , Pathology , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype
19.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 592-597, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817735

ABSTRACT

@#【Objectives】 To comparatively analyze the diagnostic performance of transrectal real- time elastography(TRTE)and magnetic resonance diffusion- weighted imaging (DWI)in differentiating benign from malignant prostatic lesions,to evaluate the value of the two methods in guided prostate biopsy,and to investigate the correlation between the two methods and Gleason scores. 【Methods】 A total of 126 patients with suspected prostate cancer underwent prostate biopsy. Preoperative tests of TRTE and DWI were performed in all of the included patients. Combined with pathological results,the diagnostic efficacy of TRTE and DWI for prostate cancer and the effects of prostate biopsy guided by the two methods were compared ,and the relationship between the elastography score and ADC value and Gleason scores were also evaluated.【Results】 The sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of diagnosing prostate cancer by TRTE were 78.8% ,78.3% ,78.6% ,the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of diagnosing prostate cancer by DWI were 87.9% ,90% ,88.9% , there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between the two groups(P > 0.05),and the accuracy was statistically different(P < 0.05). The AUC of elastography score and ADC value were 0.859 and 0.906,the accuracy of the diagnosis of benign and malignant prostate lesions by ADC value method was higher than elastography score ,but there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between elastography score and Gleason scores,while a significant negative correlation was found between ADC value and Gleason scores.【Conclusions】TRTE and DWI is valuable in diagnosis of prostatic lesions. Biopsy guided by the two methods can improve the detection rate of prostate cancer and can provide indicative evidence for tumor differentiation analysis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 277-279, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755933

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors and treatment strategies of long-term survival after simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK ) .Methods One case of long-term post-SPK survival was reviewed and its influencing factors were analyzed along with the relevant literature .Results At 10 years post-SPK ,the patient lost transplanted kidney due to rejection and underwent secondary kidney transplantation . The transplanted pancreas functioned well and has survived for more than 18 years .Conclusions Strict preoperative screening ,adopting mature surgical approaches ,aggressive managements of various perioperative complications ,strengthening of health education of recipients ,improving of compliance and long-term regular follow-ups are conducive for enhancing long-term survival of recipients and grafts of SPK .

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL