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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883995

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of behavioral activation for depression scale (C-BADS) in patients in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT).Methods:A total of 162 opioid addicts were recruited from the MMT programs in Wuhan city for the C-BADS investigation.Items analysis and exploratory factors analysis (EFA) were conducted with SPSS 21.0 and confirmatory factors analysis (CFA) was conducted with AMOS 24.0.Results:The correlation coefficients between subscales and total score were 0.228-0.813 (all P<0.01). Except for activation subscale, the correlation coefficients among subscales were lower than those between subscale dimensions and total score.The item-total score correlations coefficient were 0.060-0.716.Four factors were extracted by EFA, named avoidance/rumination(AR), activation(AC), social impairment(SI) and work/school impairment(WS) respectively, which the cumulative variance was 51.153%, and the factor loading of each item ranged from 0.328 to 0.797.The fitting indexes of CFA model were as following: χ 2/ df=1.594, CFI=0.839, TLI=0.820, IFI=0.844, RMSEA=0.069, SRMR=0.089.The Cronbach's α of the scale was 0.790, and the split-half reliability coefficient was 0.827. Conclusion:C-BADS has good internal consistency reliability and construct validity, but it still needs to be modified for the measurement of behavior activation of patients in MMT.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of social support on depression-posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD) comorbidity among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(PLWHA).Methods:Using questionnaire to one-to-one investigate the newly-diagnosed PLWHA in Wuhan Jingyintan Hospital HIV/AIDS clinic from October 2016 to February 2019. The content of the questionnaire included general demographic characteristics, HIV-related high-risk behaviors before diagnosis, social support, depression and PTSD.Patients with depression and PTSD were collected as P+ D group.Patients without depression or PTSD were collected as N group. The statistical software was SPSS 21.0. Chi-square test, t test and rank sum test were used to compare the differences between the two groups, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors of depression combined with PTSD. Results:Among 320 PLWHA, 72 subjects(22.50%) had depression with PTSD(P+ D group), 161 subjects(50.31%) had neither depression nor PTSD(N group). Between the two groups, the differences of constituent ratios of gender(χ 2=9.84), routes of infection(χ 2=11.16), whether ever used drug(χ 2=30.00)were statistically significant(all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of social support((30.64±10.90) vs (25.51±8.55)), objective social support((7.20±3.08) vs (5.76±2.24)), subjective social support((16.70±6.87) vs (14.04±5.61)) and utility of social support((6.74±2.59) vs (5.71±2.60)( t=3.56, 3.57, 2.88, 2.81, all P<0.05). The results of Logistic analysis revealed that gender as male( β=-1.48, OR= 0.23, 95% CI=0.09-0.61) was protective factor for depression co-occuring with PTSD, while lower level of social support ( β=1.40, OR=4.05, 95% CI=1.36-12.10) was a risk factor. Conclusion:The prevalence of depression co-occuring with PTSD in PLWHA is high. The influence of gender and social support should be paid more attention to PLWHA.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882036

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the karyotypes and C bands of Triatoma rubrofasciata in China, so as to understand its chromosome number, morphology and C-band staining of T. rubrofasciata. Methods The testis specimens were sampled from male T. rubrofasciata collected from Shunde City, Guangdong Province, prepared into slides of metaphase chromosomes and subjected to Giemsa staining and C-band staining. The morphology of metaphase chromosomes and the location of heterochromatin were observed using microscopy, and the long arm and short arm of each chromosome and total chromosome length were recorded to analyze the karyotypes and C bands of T. rubrofasciata. Results The male T. rubrofasciata presented a chromosome number of 2n = 25, including 22 autosomes and 3 sex chromosomes. The relative length of chromosomes ranged from 3.59% to 12.76%, the arm ratio was 1.06 to 1.24, and the centromere index was 44.76% to 48.47%. All chromosomes were metacentric chromosomes and the karyotype formula was 2n = 22 metacentric + X1X2Y, and the C bands varied on different chromosomes. No heterochromatin was found in the X chromosome, and the overall staining appeared pale, while heterochromatin was detected in all regions of the Y chromosome, and the overall staining appeared dark. In addition, heterochromatin was present in both ends of the autosome. Conclusions The male T. rubrofasciata presents a chromosome number of 2n = 25 in China, and the karyotype formula is 2n = 22 metacentric + X1X2Y. C-banding shows dark staining of the Y chromosome, pale staining of the X chromosome, and dark staining of both ends of the autosome. Our data may provide insights into the investigation on the origin, evolution and gene mapping of T. rubrofasciata in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Clinical data from 270 SAA patients with allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 sib congruence patients and 162 substitute donors (68 unrelated donor congruence patients and 94 related haploid patients). Different pretreatment schemes were selected for different transplantation modes. The HLA-identical sibling and haploid grafts were all bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells, and the grafts from unrelated donors were peripheral blood stem cells. After granulocyte implantation, blood CMV-DNA was regularly monitored. Flow cytometry was also used to determine the absolute number of CD3@*RESULTS@#CMV infection occurred in 229 of 270 patients with an incidence of 84.8%. Among them, 18 patients developed giant cell disease. Univariate analysis showed that alternative donors (unrelated total and haploid donors), mycophenolate mofetil and acute graft-versus-host disease were statistically significantly associated with CMV infection (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that alternative donors were associated with CMV infection. The recovery of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#After allo-HSCT, substitute donors are more easily to develop CMV infection than full-sibling donors, and the reconstruction of immune function is delayed after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880127

ABSTRACT

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a single gene genetic disease, which seriously threatens the life span and quality of patients. On the basis of the pathogenesis of SCD and the alternative therapy based on fetal hemoglobin F (HbF), the research progress of transcription factors involved in the regulation of HbF gene expression, such as BCL11A, ZBTB7A, KLF-1, c-MYB and SOX6, as well as the application of CRISPR / Cas9, TALEN, zinc finger nuclease and other gene editing technologies in this field has been made, providing a solid theoretical basis for the exploration of new treatment schemes for β- like hemoglobin diseases, such as sickle cell disease and β- thalassemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Sickle Cell/therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins , Fetal Hemoglobin/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Humans , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detecte the carrying rate, the type and distribution of α-Thalassemia gene mutation in Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan Province, and analyze the differences in average erythrocyte volume (MCV), mean erythrocyte hemoglobin content (MCH) and hemoglobin among different types of α-Thalassemia.@*METHODS@#The DNA samples from small cell hypochromic carriers or anemia patients and women of childbearing age who underwent hematological screening in The First People's Hospital of Honghe State was from 2015 to 2019 were enrolled and analyzed, and the mutation types and frequency of alpha-thalassemia positive rate were diagnosed by PCR reverse dot blot or PCR fluorescence dissolution curve.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 016 samples, 141(13.88%) of the patients were diagnosed as α-thalassemia. The α-thalassemia was subdivided into 3 types, silent (36.17%), minor (51.77%), and HbH disease (12.06%), and the MCV, MCH and HB levels were detected and showed a obvious decrease trend with significant difference (P < 0.05). The gene mutation types were 9 kinds, the deletion type gene was mainly --SEA (51.06%), followed by -α@*CONCLUSION@#Alpha-thalassemia in Honghe prefecture of Yunnan Province shows complex genetic diversity and significant genetic heterogeneity, and the mainly type of gene mutation is --SEA and --


Subject(s)
China , Female , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878909

ABSTRACT

Oscillating chemical fingerprint is a nonlinear dynamic fingerprint technology that reflects the overall redox activity of the entire system based on potential-time changes in multi-stage chemical reactions. This article summarizes the application of oscillating chemical fingerprint technology combined with mathematical analysis method in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of traditional Chinese medicine and food in recent years, including similarity analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and other qua-litative analysis methods, as well as linear, logarithmic, exponential, polynomial, multivariate analysis and other quantitative analysis methods, so as to provide meaningful information for further quality control analysis of the oscillation chemical fingerprint technology in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and food.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Food , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1087-1092, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a less pressure-dependent type of glaucoma with characteristic optic neuropathy. Recently, the biomechanical mechanism has been thought to account for glaucomatous optic neuropathy to some degree. We intended to compare dynamic corneal response parameters (DCRs) among patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with normal tension or hypertension and controls. The correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma were also analyzed.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, 49 NTG subjects, 45 hypertension glaucoma (HTG) subjects, and 50 control subjects were enrolled. We compared the differences in DCRs using corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology among the NTG, HTG, and control groups. We also analyzed the correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma (eg, central corneal thickness [CCT], intraocular pressure [IOP], etc).@*RESULTS@#The maximum inverse concave radius (NTG: 0.18 [0.17, 0.20] mm-1; control: 0.17 [0.16, 0.18] mm-1; P = 0.033), deformation amplitude ratio of 2 mm (DAR 2 mm, NTG: 4.87 [4.33, 5.39]; control: 4.37 [4.07, 4.88]; P  0.05). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, some of the DCRs, such as IR, were negatively correlated with CCT and IOP, whereas SP-A1 was positively correlated with CCT and IOP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cornea was more deformable in NTG than in HTG or controls. There were no significant differences in corneal deformability between HTG and controls. The cornea was more deformable with the thinner cornea and lower IOP.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cornea , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Hypertension , Intraocular Pressure , Low Tension Glaucoma
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1244-1248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877395

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the effects of small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser-assisted excimer laser <i>in situ</i> keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)on early postoperative corneal higher order aberrations(HOAs)and visual quality in patients with high myopia. <p>METHODS:Totally 102 patients(204 eyes)with high myopia who underwent corneal refractive surgery between August 2018 and August 2020 in the hospital were selected as study subjects for the prospective study, and they were randomly divided into SMILE group(51 cases, 102 eyes)and FS-LASIK group(51 cases, 102 eyes). The postoperative visual acuity, corneal HOAs and objective visual quality were compared between the two groups, and the correlation between corneal HOAs and objective visual quality was analyzed. <p>RESULTS: At 1mo after surgery, the spherical equivalent degrees in SMILE group and FS-LASIK group were significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of patients with postoperative uncorrected visual acuity≥preoperative best corrected visual acuity between the two groups(95.1% <i>vs</i> 92.2%, <i>P</i>>0.05). The corneal HOAs in the two groups were significantly increased(<i>P</i><0.05), and the overall spherical aberration(SA), trefoil and higher HOAs in SMILE group were lower than those in FS-LASIK group(all <i>P</i><0.05). The objective scattering index(OSI)was significantly increased in the two groups while the MTF cutoff frequency(MTF<sub>cutoff</sub>), Strehl Ratio(SR)and contrast visual acuity(VA100%, VA20%, VA9%)were significantly decreased(all <i>P</i><0.05). The OSI of SMILE group was lower than that of FS-LASIK group while MTF<sub>cutoff</sub> and VA9% were higher than those of FS-LASIK group(all <i>P</i><0.05). The corneal HOAs in patients with high myopia were negatively correlated with MTF<sub>cutoff</sub> and were positively correlated with OSI(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:Both SMILE and FS-LASIK can effectively correct high myopia, and SMILE has a smaller increase in early postoperative corneal HOAs, and it is of great significance to relieve visual quality impairment.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1295-1298, 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877316

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of HBsAg on the expression of interferon-α (IFN-α) in peripheral blood plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) induced by the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling pathway activated by cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP). MethodPeripheral venous blood was collected from healthy adults and the patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who attended the outpatient service or were hospitalized in Department of Infectious Diseases, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, from February to December 2016, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and extracted. After the STING agonist cGAMP was added to PBMCs, ELISA was used to measure the levels of IFN-α, interferon-β, and tumor necrosis factor-α in supernatant. PBMCs from healthy adults were pre-incubated with HBsAg and then stimulated by cGAMP, and supernatant was collected to measure IFN-α. The magnetic-activated cell sorting method was used to remove pDCs from PBMCs, and after culture with cGAMP, ELISA was used to measure the level of IFN-α in supernatant. PBMCs from healthy adults were stimulated by HBsAg and/or cGAMP, and then flow cytometry was used to measure the frequency of pDCs. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. ResultsPBMCs from the patients with chronic HBV infection stimulated by cGAMP in vitro had a significantly lower level of IFN-α than healthy controls (469.72±18.95 vs 599.90±84.06, t=4.868, P=0.001). PBMCs from healthy adults co-cultured with HBsAg and stimulated by cGAMP had a significantly lower level of IFN-α than those in the non-HBsAg group (448.5±52.0 vs 571.0±30.8, t=4.500, P=0.011). Compared with PBMCs containing pDCs, PBMCs without pDCs stimulated by cGAMP had a significant reduction in the level of IFN-α (164.50±40.73 vs 339.50±35.33, t=6.482, P=0.001). Compared with PBMCs from healthy adults stimulated by cGAMP, PBMCs pre-incubated with HBsAg and then stimulated by cGAMP had a significant reduction in the frequency of pDCs (0.12%±0.04% vs 0.24%±0.04%, t=5.176, P=0.014). ConclusionHBsAg can inhibit the expression of IFN-α induced by the STING pathway in pDCs activated by cGAMP.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the potential value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in predicting the survival of patients with primary tracheal malignant tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#An analysis of FDG PET/CT findings in 37 primary tracheal malignant tumor patients with a median follow-up period of 43.2 months (range, 10.8–143.2 months) was performed. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to assess the associations between quantitative 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters, other clinic-pathological factors, and overall survival (OS). A risk prognosis model was established according to the independent prognostic factors identified on multivariate analysis. A survival curve determined by the Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess whether the prognosis prediction model could effectively stratify patients with different risks factors. @*Results@#The median survival time of the 37 patients with tracheal tumors was 38.0 months, with a 95% confidence interval of 10.8 to 65.2 months. The 3-year, 5-year and 10-year survival rate were 54.1%, 43.2%, and 16.2%, respectively. The metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), maximum standardized uptake value, age, pathological type, extension categories, and lymph node stage were included in multivariate analyses. Multivariate analysis showed MTV (p = 0.011), TLG (p = 0.020), pathological type (p = 0.037), and extension categories (p = 0.038) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Additionally, assessment of the survival curve using the Kaplan-Meier method showed that our prognosis prediction model can effectively stratify patients with different risks factors (p 5.19, a TLG > 16.94 on PET/CT scans, squamous cell carcinoma, and non-E1 were more likely to have a reduced OS.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879122

ABSTRACT

Classic prescriptions, hospital preparations and famous traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) experience prescriptions are the main sources of new drug development and innovation. The multi-components and multi-targets treatment characteristics of TCM are advantages, but at the same time, broad indications, unclear clinical positioning and lack of evidence-based evidence support are the key problems affecting the play of TCM efficacy and restricting its promotion and application. The hot in recent research was to how to break through the bottleneck, precise clinical positioning, highlight the advantages of the classic TCM prescriptions, and complete the transformation from clinical practice, clinical research to clinical evidence, but at the same time, it is also the difficulty. The clinical research model of the combination of disease and syndrome can fully reflect the ancient medical case evidence of classic TCM prescriptions, the historical experience of human used and the characteristics of syndrome differentiation and treatment, and highlight the advantages of Chinese medicine. At the same time, under the modern disease classification system and research mode, is conducive to established the standardized clinical evidence report and evaluation system, is conducive to promote the integration of clinical research evidence, and avoids excessive attenuation of information. Based on the previous work of our team, the intention of this study was to make a comment about the key points of the post-marketing evaluation of the classic TCM prescriptions under the combination of disease and syndrome and includes key points:(1)With the syndrome as the carrier, connected with the classical prescription and clinical diseases, focused on the clinical positioning on macroscopically.(2)The combination of syndrome visualization, standardization and pharmacological molecular basis, focus on clinical precise positioning in microscopic.(3)Innovating therapeutic effect evaluation methods, reflecting the curative effect characteristics based on syndrome differentiation.(4)The combination of "randomized controlled evidence-based studies" and "real world evidence-based evaluation", focusing on clinical advantages, fully evidence-based evidence.(5)Make full use of clinical registration studies and pay attention to safety.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Reference Standards
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879058

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of essential hypertension and its accompanying symptoms. PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, VIP, CNKI, Wanfang, and China biomedical database(CBD) were searched to screen out from the establishment of the database to April 2020 about the clinical randomized controlled trials of Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of essential hypertension and accompanying symptoms. The articles were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. TSA 0.9.5.10 Beta software was used for sequential analysis, and GRADE 3.6 was used for evidence quality evaluation. A total of 4 532 patients were included in 34 randomized controlled trials. Meta-analysis results showed that: Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with conventional anti-hypertensive agents reduced systolic blood pressure(MD=-10.56, 95%CI[-13.63,-7.50], P<0.000 01) and diastolic blood pressure(MD=-8.21, 95%CI[-10.84,-5.59], P<0.000 01), improved total effective rate(RR=1.21, 95%CI[1.14, 1.29], P<0.000 01), improved patients dizziness(RR=1.29, 95%CI[1.21, 1.37], P<0.000 01), insomnia(RR=1.66, 95%CI[1.44, 1.91], P<0.000 01), headache(RR=1.32, 95%CI[1.21, 1.43], P<0.000 01), chest distress(RR=1.26, 95%CI[1.12, 1.42], P=0.000 1), memory loss(RR=1.24, 95%CI[1.10, 1.40], P=0.000 4), palpitation(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.17, 1.41], P<0.000 01), and improved traditional Chinese medicine symptom scores(MD=-4.24, 95%CI[-5.25,-3.23], P<0.000 01) and headache symptom improvement scores(MD=-2.02, 95%CI[-2.51,-1.53], P<0.000 01) as compared with Western medicine group alone. Subgroup analysis results showed that Yang-xue Qingnao Granules combined with ACEI drug had more obvious effects in lowering systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions, and no abnormal liver and kidney function was observed in each study. Trial sequential analysis showed that the total effective rate was cumulative across the traditional and TSA thresholds, further confirming its clinical efficacy. The evidence level was mostly low or extremely low in GRADE evaluation. The clinical application of Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of essential hypertension and its accompanying symptoms is clear and safe, so it is recommended for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Essential Hypertension , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879052

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) injured with hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2). HUVEC injured with H_2O_2 were divided into 6 groups, namely blank group, model group, ginsenoside(TGG) group, total glucosides of Moutan Cortex(TGM) group, paeonol(P) group and TGG+TGM+P group. After 24 hours of co-culture with H_2O_2, the activities of succinate dehydrogenase(SDH) and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP were detected by microenzyme labeling. The apoptosis rate, intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration, reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(JC-1) were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome C, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that H_2O_2 could significantly damage HUVEC, decrease the activity of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP(P<0.01), while could increase the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.01). Serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex could increase the activities of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP to different degrees, decrease the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and down-regulate the protein expressions of Bax, caspase-3, caspase-9, cytochrome C, and up-regulate the protein expression of Bcl-2. The results showed that serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by ROS, and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of mitochondrial function and the inhibition of the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Paeonia , Panax , Reactive Oxygen Species
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879027

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Xinmailong Injection in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. Seven Chinese and English databases, namely CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, were retrieved from the establishment of the database to March 2020. Randomized controlled trials for Xinmailong Injection in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction were screened out. Cochrane collaboration network bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the literature quality of the studies included, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 926 relevant literatures were retrieved, and 12 studies were finally included, involving 972 patients, including 486 patients in the treatment group and 486 patients in the control group. The quality of the literatures included was generally low. The results of Meta-analysis showed that Xinmailong Injection combined with Western medicine could decrease the levels of BNP(SMD=-5.90, 95%CI[-8.45,-3.36], P<0.000 01) and NT-proBNP(SMD=-2.28, 95%CI[-3.13,-1.43], P<0.000 01) and decrease the levels of cTnI(SMD=-2.91, 95%CI[-4.21,-1.60], P<0.000 1), increase LVEF(MD=4.67, 95%CI[4.19, 5.16], P<0.000 01), increased 6 MWT(MD=73.90, 95%CI[67.51, 80.28], P<0.000 01], decreased LVEDD(MD=-5.46, 95%CI[-9.66,-1.25], P=0.01), reduce the level of serum inflammatory factor(hs-CRP, CRP, IL-6). In terms of safety, less adverse reactions occurred in the study, with no impact on the treatment. The results showed that clinical use of Xinmailong Injection combined with Western medicine in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction can further alleviate clinical symptoms and relevant indexes, with less adverse reactions. However, due to the limitations in quantity and quality of the clinical studies included, the positive results can only be used as a hint and reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment, and more high-quality studies are needed to further confirm its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Humans , Injections , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878995

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of essential hypertension. PubMed, VIP, CNKI, Wanfang and other databases were retrieved from the establishment of the database to February 2020 for clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) about Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of essential hypertension. The literatures were screened out according to the inclusion criteria, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 3 100 patients in 27 RCTs were enrolled. According to Meta-analysis, Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional Western medicine could effectively reduce systolic blood pressure(MD=-7.88,95%CI[-9.68,-6.08],P<0.000 01) and diastolic blood pressure(MD=-7.85, 95%CI[-9.07,-6.62], P<0.000 01), triglyceride(MD=-0.46, 95%CI[-0.66,-0.26], P<0.000 01) and total cholesterol(MD=-0.92, 95%CI[-1.49,-0.35], P=0.001), but increase HDL cholesterol(MD=0.51, 95%CI[0.28, 0.73], P<0.000 01), with a better effect than the Western medicine group alone. The results of LDL-C analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups(MD=-0.91, 95%CI[-1.82, 0.01], P=0.05). The subgroup analysis suggested that reduced systolic blood pressure may be related to the use of ARB. There was a close correlation between CCB drugs and the decrease of diastolic blood pressure. In addition, there was no significant difference in the compliance and the incidence of adverse reactions. Clinical application of Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients with essential hypertension has clear efficacy and certain safety. More clinical randomized controlled trials are needed for verification in the future.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Essential Hypertension/drug therapy , Humans
18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1029-1033, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of frequent acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)in the elderly.Methods:A total of 93 elderly patients with stable COPD who were followed up in Bethune Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from August 2015 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.They were divided into the frequent acute exacerbation group(n=45)and the non-frequent acute exacerbation group(n=48). Data on the body mass index(BMI), lung function, the smoking index(package year), the respiratory status questionnaire and serum creatinine levels were collected.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for the frequency of acute exacerbations of COPD in elderly patients.Results:The BMI was lower [19.59(18.08-23.50)kg/m 2vs. 23.36(21.14-25.46)kg/m 2, Z=8.898, P=0.003], while scores of the modified Medical Research Council(mMRC)dyspnea scale, COPD Assessment Test(CAT)and smoking index were higher [3.00(1.00-3.00) vs. 1.00(0.00-1.00), 15.00(8.50-17.50) vs.10.00(6.00-13.75), 60.00(30.00-80.00)package years vs.37.50(3.75-60.00)package years, Z=17.671, 7.318 and 6.589, P<0.001, 0.007 and 0.010]in the frequent acute exacerbation group than in the non-frequent acute exacerbation group.The glomerular filtration rate(GFR)and percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in the first second were lower in the frequent acute exacerbation group than in the non-frequent acute exacerbation group [105.13(89.84-114.69)ml·min -1·1.73m -2vs.121.74(93.89-142.02)ml·min -1·1.73m -2, 40.10(31.40-56.00)% vs.70.65(47.36-85.36)%, Z=6.071 and 17.814, P=0.014 and<0.001]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratios( OR)with 95% confidence interval(95% CI)of the smoking index and GFR were 1.025(1.006-1.044)and 0.957(0.927-0.995)( P=0.009 and 0.025), respectively, indicating that with the increase of smoking index and the decrease of GFR, the risk of frequent exacerbations of COPD was increased. Conclusions:There are phenotypic differences between elderly COPD patients with frequent acute exacerbations and without frequent acute exacerbations.Elderly COPD patients with frequent acute exacerbations have a lower BMI index, a higher smoking index, more clinical symptoms, worse pulmonary function, and are prone to early kidney injury.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 249-254, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869365

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus 2019(2019-nCoV)was first detected from patients with pneumonia of an unknown cause in Wuhan in December 2019.It has since been confirmed as the pathogen for the new coronavirus pneumonia, recently named coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) by the WHO.Although the general population is commonly susceptible to the disease, infected elderly people show fast progression and severe manifestations with a high proportion in serious or critical condition as a result of compromised immunity and underlying diseases.In order to improve the quality of nursing management, reduce complications and decrease mortality for critically ill elderly patients, we assembled a national expert group with expertise in critical care nursing to write this consensus, based on a literature review and a subsequent panel discussion.The consensus covers the assessment, clinical nursing management, nursing care following hospital discharge and other aspects of care for critically ill elderly patients with COVID-19, aiming to share insights and provide guidance for clinical practice.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Reward Probability Index-Chinese version (C-RPI) among individuals with opioid dependence.Methods:A total of 160 individuals with opioid dependence were recruited from the methadone maintenance treatment(MMT) programs in Wuhan.The C-RPI was used in the investigation, and items/exploratory factors and confirmatory factors were adopted to analyze with IBM SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 24.0, respectively.Results:The correlation between each item and the total score of the scale was 0.325-0.657 (all P<0.01) and the item discrimination of the scale was good.Exploratory factor analysis extracted two factors, including reward probability and environmental suppressors, and a load of each item on its factor ranged from 0.519 to 0.744.The fitting indexes of confirmatory factor analysis were as follows: χ 2/ df=1.623, RMR=0.030, RMSEA=0.063, IFI=0.902, TLI=0.885, CFI =0.900.The internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach's α) of the C-RPI was 0.800; and there was no ceiling/floor effect on each dimension and total scale. Conclusion:The classification of dimensions for the C-RPI is reasonable, and the scale has good reliability and validity to measure the ability to obtain environmental rewards for individuals with opioid dependence.

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