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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 215-219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913146

ABSTRACT

There is a high prevalence rate of malnutrition in patients with end-stage liver disease, which often promotes disease progression and has a negative impact on the prognosis of patients. This article briefly describes the etiology of malnutrition in end-stage liver disease and introduces the research advances in nutrition screening, evaluation, and treatment in end-stage liver disease in China and globally, hoping to provide inspiration for nutritional support in patients with end-stage liver disease in China.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1796-1800, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for recompensation in patients with first-time decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods A total of 438 patients with first-time decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis who attended The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from September 1, 2011 to December 31, 2019 were enrolled, and all patients received comprehensive treatment including antiviral therapy. According to the outcome at the end of follow-up, the patients were divided into recompensation group and persistent decompensation group, and the independent influencing factors for recompensation were analyzed. Long-term survival rate was compared between the patients with different states of compensation. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data. A multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression model analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for recompensation. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the log-rank test was used for comparison. Results Among the 438 patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis, 199 (45.4%) achieved recompensation after antiviral therapy. There were significant differences between the recompensation group and the persistent decompensation group in sustained virologic response (SVR) ( χ 2 =72.093, P < 0.001), single or multiple complications ( χ 2 =9.834, P =0.002), presence or absence of gastrointestinal bleeding ( χ 2 =6.346, P =0.012), serum creatinine (SCr) ( Z =-1.035, P =0.011), blood sodium concentration ( Z =-1.606, P =0.019), hemoglobin ( Z =1.455, P =0.006), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ( Z =-2.194, P < 0.001). Baseline ALT level (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.002, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.000-1.003, P =0.009), SVR ( OR =5.760, 95% CI : 3.634-9.129, P < 0.001), and SCr ( OR =0.990, 95% CI : 0.981-1.000, P =0.047) were independent influencing factors for recompensation. The recompensation group had a significantly higher 5-year survival rate than the persistent decompensation group (87.9% vs 72.0%, χ 2 =9.886, P =0.025). Conclusion After comprehensive treatment, including antiviral therapy, approximately 45.4% of patients can achieve recompensation.Patients with elevated baseline ALT and achieved SVR were more likely to achieve recompensation, patients with elevated baseline serum creatinine had difficulty achieving recompensation, and patients with recompensation had a better long-term prognosis than patients with persistent decompensation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in ozone-induced pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixteen wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice and 16 ACE2 knock-out (KO) mice were exposed to either filtered air or ozone (0.8 ppm) for 3 h per day for 5 consecutive days. Masson's staining and HE staining were used to observe lung pathologies. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the total cell count was determined. The total proteins and cytokines in BALF were determined by BCA and ELISA method. The transcription levels of airway remodeling-related indicators in the lung tissues were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. The airway resistance of the mice was measured using a small animal ventilator with methacholine stimulation.@*RESULTS@#Following ozoneexposure ACE2 KO mice had significantly higher lung pathological scores than WT mice (P < 0.05). Masson staining results showed that compared with ozone-exposed WT mice, ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice presented with significantly larger area of collagen deposition in the bronchi [(19.62±3.16)% vs (6.49±1.34)%, P < 0.05] and alveoli [(21.63±3.78)% vs (4.44±0.99)%, P < 0.05]. The total cell count and total protein contents in the BALF were both higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in WT mice, but these differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The concentrations of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, CXCL1/KC and MCP-1 in the BALF were all higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in ozone-exposed WT mice, but only the difference in IL-1β was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The transcription levels of MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP 4, COL1A1, and TGF-β in the lung tissues were all significantly higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice (P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in airway resistance between ozone-exposed ACE KO mice and WT mice after challenge with 0, 10, 25, or 100 mg/mL of methacholine.@*CONCLUSION@#ACE2 participates in ozone-induced lung inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.


Subject(s)
Airway Remodeling , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Animals , Methacholine Chloride , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Ozone/adverse effects , Pneumonia
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940523

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Qiling Tongluo prescription against idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) in rats based on Toll-like receptor 4/myeloid differentiation factor 88/nuclear transcription factor-κB (TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB) signaling pathway. MethodSixty male SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, benazepril hydrochloride (10 mg·kg-1) group, and low-,medium-, and high-dose (6.48, 12.95, and 25.9 g·kg-1) Qiling Tongluo prescription groups. The IMN rat model was established by injection of cationized bovine serum albumin (C-BSA) into the tail vein. After the model was successfully prepared, the rats were gavaged with the corresponding drugs, once a day, for four consecutive weeks. After the treatment, the pathological changes in rat kidneys were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, Masson staining, and periodic acid-silver metheramine (PASM) staining, followed by the detection of 24 h urinary total protein (24 h UTP), plasma albumin (ALB), total serum protein (TP), serum creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid (UA) levels. The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in the kidney tissue were assayed by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group exhibited elevated 24 h UTP and serum SCr, BUN, UA, IL-1β, and IL-6 (P<0.05, P<0.01), decreased ALB and TP (P<0.01), up-regulated TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein expression in kidney tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01), obvious inflammation, disordered glomerular structure with enlarged volume, irregularly thickened basement membrane, inflammatory cell infiltration in the renal interstitium, reduced renal tubular epithelial cells due to shedding and apoptosis, and some vacuolar degeneration. Compared with the model group, benazepril hydrochloride and Qiling Tongluo prescription at the high dose remarkably lowered the serum SCr and UA (P<0.05) and increased ALB and TP (P<0.05). Benazepril hydrochloride and Qiling Tongluo prescription at the low, medium, and high doses down-regulated the 24 h UTP, serum IL-1β and IL-6 levels, and renal TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein expression to varying degrees (P<0.05, P<0.01), alleviated IMN inflammatory reaction, glomerular swelling, and volume increase, slightly dilated glomerular capillaries, proliferated mesangial matrix, and relieved pathological and morphological damages in rat kidney, with inflammatory cell infiltration occasionally observed. ConclusionQiling Tongluo prescription may reduce the release and expression of inflammatory factors by regulating the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway to inhibit the inflammatory response in IMN rats, ameliorate proteinuria and kidney damage, and protect kidney function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940496

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of micro-fertilizer containing rare earth of different types and concentrations on the growth,yield and quality of Angelica sinensis. MethodOn the basis of the single-factor randomized block design, the growth and index components of Angelica sinensis were determined with rare earth-containing nitrate and chloride micro-fertilizers of different concentrations as foliar fertilizers. ResultSpraying 0.8 g·mL-1 rare earth-containing chloride micro-fertilizer could increase the economic yield of A. sinensis, with the fresh yield per mu (1 mu≈667 m2) reaching 855.4 kg and the dry yield per mu 350.7 kg,which increased by 15.16% and 28.70% respectively compared with that in the control group CK1. Spraying 1.2 g·mL-1 rare earth-containing nitrate micro-fertilizer could promote the growth and development of A. sinensis and significantly increase the content of index components, with the plant height reaching 93.05 cm,the stem diameter 15.60 mm,the root diameter 16.10 mm,the main root length 36.5 cm,and the number of leaves 11.25 pieces per plant, which increased by 32.76%,31.98%,41.98%,53.36%,and 45.16%, respectively, compared with those in the control group CK2. Besides, the content of ferulic acid,volatile oil,ligustilide, and extract was 0.96%,0.41%,0.30% and 48.76%,respectively,which increased by 12.94%,17.14%,11.11%, and 12.07%,respectively,compared with that in the control group CK2. ConclusionSpraying 0.8 g·mL-1 rare earth-containing chloride micro-fertilizer and 1.2 g·mL-1 rare earth-containing nitrate micro-fertilizer can promote the growth and development of A. sinensis,improve the medicinal properties,and increase yield and quality. Rare earth-containing micro-fertilizers can be applied in the standardization of A. sinensis cultivation, which can change the production status of A. sinensis that depends on chemical fertilizers and single fertilization, and promote the green, organic and ecological cultivation of A. sinensis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940442

ABSTRACT

Pathogenic bacterial infection is one of the main clinical symptoms. Antibiotics are widely used in clinical practice to inhibit or kill the bacteria, fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms. However, with the massive use of antibiotics, drug-resistant strains continue to appear that make the antibacterial situation is becoming increasingly severe. Due to the advantages of multiple targets, multiple pathways and multiple components, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have gradually attracted more attention and were used in antibacterial treatment. However, some antimicrobial TCM have problems such as low solubility, poor stability, and low bioavailability. Improving and enhancing the antibacterial activity of TCM through preparation technology is one of the effective solutions. Based on this, two aspects of unilateral antibacterial TCM preparation technology and combination antibacterial preparation technology are introduced, including inclusion technology, nanotechnology, electrospinning, 3D printing and others. Distinctive features and specific application effects of these preparation technologies are explained firstly, and then their advantages and disadvantages are compared and analyzed. The review can be a useful reference for improving the antibacterial activity of TCM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940401

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by ischemia-reperfusion based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. MethodActive components of Fangji Fulingtang were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and previous report and targets of these components were predicted by SwissTargetPrediction. The targets of AKI were searched from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), the database of gene-disease associations (DisGeNET), and Therapeutic Target Database (TTD). Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING. Metascape was used for Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of core targets. Cytoscape was employed to construct the "medicinal-active component-target-disease" network and “active component-target-pathway” network. AutoDock was applied for molecular docking. Finally, animal experiment was carried out to validate the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in treatment of AKI. ResultA total of 137 active components and 858 targets of Fangji Fulingtang, 1 294 targets of AKI, and 267 targets of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of AKI were screened out. Phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA), proto-oncogene tyrosine protein kinase (SRC), protein kinase B1 (Akt1), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) were the key anti-AKI targets of Fangji Fulingtang, which were involved in 1 609 GO terms, particularly cell response to lipids, membrane rafts, and protein kinase activity, and 140 KEGG pathways such as PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that the core active components had strong binding affinity to the key targets. The hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining results indicated that Fangji Fulingtang can significantly improve the pathological state and the serological results suggested that the levels of serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were significantly reduced. ConclusionThis study clarified the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of AKI and found that Fangji Fulingtang had the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics in the treatment of AKI. The result lays a foundation for further study of its specific mechanism.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 306-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936011

ABSTRACT

Objective: The surgical reconstruction strategy for scar contracture deformity in chin and neck was explored, aiming to obtain better aesthetic outcome. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From December 2017 to April 2021, 34 patients with scar contracture deformity in chin and neck after burns were hospitalized in the Department of Plastic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University), aged 12-54 years, including 13 males and 21 females, 4 cases with chin affected only, 7 cases with neck affected only, and 23 cases with both chin and neck affected. The scar areas were 48-252 cm2. All the patients were treated by operation with expanded flaps, following the "MRIS" principle of matching of the color and thickness of the repair flaps (match), reconstructing of the aesthetic features of subunits (reconstruction), design of incision according to the plastic principle (incision), and prevention of the surgical incision scar (scar). The rectangular or kidney shaped skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as the expander) with rated capacity of 80-400 mL was embedded in the first stage, which was routinely expanded to 3-5 times of the rated capacity of the expander. In the second stage, scar resection and expanded flap excision were performed to repair the secondary wound, and the flap donor site was sutured directly. The expansion ratio of the expander (with average value being calculated), the type of flaps used, the reconstruction of local aesthetic morphology, the appearance of postoperative incision, the survival of flap, and the situation of donor and recipient sites observed during follow-up were recorded. Results: Among the 34 patients, the average expansion ratio of the implanted expander was 3.82 times of the rated capacity of the expander. Three cases were repaired by the expanded local pedicled flap only, 19 cases by the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap only, 10 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded shoulder and/or chest perforator pedicled flap, and 2 cases by the expanded local pedicled flap combined with the expanded free flap of the second intercostal perforator of internal thoracic artery. After scar resection, the shapes of lower lip and chin-lip groove were reconstructed in 10 cases, chin process reconstruction and chin lengthening were performed in 16 cases, and the cervico-mental angle and mandibular margin contour were reconstructed in 28 cases. The surgical incision was concealed, most of which were located at the natural junction or turning point of the chin and neck subunits. The vertical incision of neck was Z-shaped or fishtail-shaped. All the expanded flaps in 34 patients survived after operation, of which 8 patients had minor necrosis at the edge or tip of the expanded flaps 1-3 days after operation and healed after dressing change. During the follow-up of 3-18 months, little difference in color and thickness between the expanded flap and the skin of chin and neck was observed, and the aesthetic shape of chin and neck was significantly improved, with mild scar hyperplasia of surgical incision. Conclusions: Reconstruction of scar contracture deformity in chin and neck by using expanded flaps based on the "MRIS" principle is beneficial to improve the quality of surgery and achieve better aesthetic outcome.


Subject(s)
Chin/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Female , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 462-473, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935888

ABSTRACT

With the aging process of population in the society, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China is increasing continuously and the number of dental patients with CVD is increasing gradually too. Due to the lack of guidelines for dental patients with CVD in our country, how to implement standardized preoperative evaluation and perioperative risk prevention remains a problem to be solved for dentists at present. The present expert consensus was reached by combining the clinical experiences of the expert group of the Fifth General Dentistry Special Committee, Chinese Stomatological Association and respiratory and cardiology experts in diagnosis and treatment for CVD patients, and by systematically summarizing the relevant international guidelines and literature regarding the relationship between CVD and oral diseases and the diagnosis and treatment of dental patients with heart failure, hypertension and antithrombotic therapy. The consensus aims to provide, for the dental clinicians, the criteria on diagnosis and treatment of CVD in dental patients in China so as to reduce the risk and complications, and finally to improve the treatment levels of dental patients with CVD in China.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Oral Medicine
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 114-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935486

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the immunohistochemical expression of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 in mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC), and to explore the differential diagnostic value of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 in MC and other types of small round cell malignant tumors. Methods: A total of 12 cases of MC and 97 other small round cell malignant tumors diagnosed in Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine from 2001 to 2020 were collected for NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 immunohistochemical detection. Among them, two kinds of NKX3.1 antibodies [rabbit polyclonal antibody and rabbit monoclonal antibody (EP356)] were used for detection in 12 cases of MC, and one NKX3.1 antibody (rabbit polyclonal antibody) was detected in 97 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The 12 MC patients included 7 females and 5 males, with a mean age of 33 years (14-54 years). Nine cases were from bone and three from soft tissue. Among the 12 MC patients, 8 patients had postoperative recurrence or metastasis, and 3 of them died of tumor recurrence or metastasis. Histologically, 12 cases of MC showed typical bidirectional differentiation.The positive rate of both NKX3.1 antibodies in MC was 12/12, NKX3.1 was focal weakly positive in only one of 12 chondrosarcomas (grade 3), 5 alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, 5 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas, and 5 solitary fibrous tumors, respectively. The remaining 70 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors were negative. The positive rates of NKX2.2 in MC, Ewing sarcoma and olfactory neuroblastoma were 12/12, 15/15 and 4/5, respectively. In 12 cases of chondrosarcoma (grade 3), 5 cases of poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma, 5 cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, and 5 cases of solitary fibrous tumor, NKX2.2 was focally and weakly positive in only one case, respectively, and all the remaining 50 cases of other small round cell malignant tumors were negative. Conclusions: The expression of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 proteins are significant indicators in the diagnosis of MC, and the combined detection of NKX3.1 and NKX2.2 can help distinguish MC from most other small round cell malignant tumors.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Nuclear Proteins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931357

ABSTRACT

At present, the experimental examination of medical morphology courses in most medical colleges and universities still adopt traditional specimen examination or PPT examination, and there are many disadvantages. This paper introduces how to build a system with B/S architecture based on the local area network, and how to set up an examination system to realize the functions of user management, online examination database updating, free examination paper formation, examination running and automatic marking. Through its application in Chengdu Medical College in recent years, the medical morphology online picture exam system has effectively promoted the reform of the examination methods, the style of study and the effect of experimental teaching. However, there are still some problems, such as high investment cost and limited examination room.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between tumor volume changes, squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) and the prognosis of cervical cancer patients with concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy and their combined prediction of prognosis.Methods:One hundred and twenty-eight patients in Shanxi Cancer Hospital from February 2018 to February 2020, with cervical cancer undergoing radical concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy were selected for a prospective study. According to different prognostic effects, the patients were divided into poor prognosis group (44 cases) and good prognosis group (84 cases). The general data, tumor reduction rate (TVRR), SCC-Ag, CEA, and CA125 levels were compared between the two groups, and the Logistic regression equation was used to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cervical cancer. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to analyze the performance of each index and the joint prediction of prognosis. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis and log-rank (Mantel-Cox) were used to test the survival curves of TVRR, SCC-Ag, CEA, CA125 high-risk individuals and low-risk individuals.Results:The TVRR in the poor prognosis group was significantly lower than that in the good prognosis group: (76.63 ± 7.52)% vs. (85.54 ± 6.71)%, the SCC-Ag, CEA, CA125 were significantly higher than those in the good prognosis group: (6.98 ± 2.15) μg/L vs. (4.61 ± 1.37) μg/L, (9.34 ± 2.23) μg/L vs. (5.76 ± 1.87) μg/L, (68.79 ± 12.01) kU/L vs. (49.97 ± 15.22) kU/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Logistic regression showed that TVRR, SCC-Ag, CEA and CA125 were significant factors influencing the prognosis of patients with concurrent chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer ( P<0.05). Among the single indicators, TVRR predicted the highest prognosis AUC, and the combined prognostic AUC of all indicators (0.837, 95% CI 0.761 to 0.920) was higher than any single indicator, with a sensitivity of 81.82% and specificity of 84.52%. The survival curves of TVRR, SCC-Ag, CEA, CA125 between high-risk and low-risk patients showed statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The changes in tumor volume, SCC-Ag, CEA, CA125 and the prognosis of patients with concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cervical cancer have a certain correlation. The combined examination of the four in the early stage is expected to become a new approach to clinically predict the prognosis of cervical cancer and make appropriate treatment plans.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and analyze the effect of doxycycline (DOX) on the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MM cells.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood and bone marrow samples of MM patients were collected, and the patients were divided into three groups: newly diagnosed group, remission group and relapsed/refractory group, while the peripheral blood samples of 34 health people and the bone marrow samples of 17 IDA patients were selected as normal control and control group. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were detected by ELISA. The protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in H929 cells treated by different concentrations of DOX were analyzed by Western blot. After H929 cells was treated by Akt inhibitor MK-2206 2HCl in combination with DOX, Western blot was used to detect the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9.@*RESULTS@#The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in newly diagnosed MM patients were higher than those in control (P<0.05), while for the patients in the remission group were decreased, but still higher than those in control. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased again for the patients in relapsed/refractory group, and showed no significant difference as compared with those in newly diagnosed group. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 could be inhibited by 10 mg/L and 15 mg/L DOX treated by H929 cell. The protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 showed no altered in H929 cells treated by 5 nmol/L MK-2206 2HCl alone. DOX exerted more profound inhibitory effect to MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression in H929 cells when Akt inhibitor MK-2206 2HCl was combined with DOX.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 are increased in MM patients and related to the disease status of MM. DOX can inhibit the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MM cells, and antagonizing its activation of Akt signaling pathway can further enhance the inhibitory effect.


Subject(s)
Doxycycline/pharmacology , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of the in vitro toxicity of doxycycline to myeloma cell line H929 and also the possible pathway involved its toxicity.@*METHODS@#Myeloma cell line H929 was treated with DOX, MEK inhibitor U0126 or RAS agonist ML-098, either alone or in combination. Then, the expression of p-MEK, caspase-3, caspase-9 and c-Jun in H929 were used to detected by Western blot; the cells proliferation and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#DOX significantly increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9, and down-regulated the level of p-MEK in H929 (P<0.05). MEK antagonist U0126 significantly increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9, and down-regulated the level of p-MEK (P<0.05). After Dox combined with ML-098 treatment of H929 cells, the apoptosis rate of H929 cells was lower than that of DOX alone treatment group(P<0.05). Compared with DOX alone treatment group, the expressions of p-MEK and p-ERK1/2 in DOX+ML-098 combined treatment group were increased, and the levels of cleaved caspase-3,9 in H929 cells were decreased (P<0.05). The levels of c-Jun mRNA and protein increased in H929 when treated by DOX alone (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#DOX can induce apoptosis of H929 via intrinsic apoptosis pathway, and MEK/ERK pathway and c-Jun possibly play a role in this process.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Doxycycline/pharmacology , Humans , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/pharmacology , Multiple Myeloma
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928709

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Rheb1 in the development of mouse megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#Rheb1 was specifically knocked-out in the hematopoietic system of Vav1-Cre;Rheb1fl/fl mice(Rheb1Δ/Δ mice). Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage of red blood cells in peripheral blood and erythroid cells in bone marrow in Vav1-Cre;Rheb1fl/fl mice and control mice. The CFC assay was used to detect the differentiation ability of Rheb1 KO megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells and control cells. Real-time fluorescence quantification PCR was used to detect the relative expression of PU.1,GATA-1,GATA-2,CEBPα and CEBPβ of Rheb1 KO megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells and control cells. Rapamycin was added to the culture medium, and it was used to detect the changes in cloning ability of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells from wild-type mice in vitro.@*RESULTS@#After Rheb1 was knocked out, the development and stress response ability of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells in mice were weaken and the differentiation ability of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells in vitro was weaken. Moreover, the expression of GATA-1 of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells was decreased. Further, rapamycin could inhibit the differentiative capacity of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells in vitro.@*CONCLUSION@#Rheb1 can regulate the development of megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells probably through the mTOR signaling pathway in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Erythrocytes , Flow Cytometry , Megakaryocyte-Erythroid Progenitor Cells , Megakaryocytes , Mice , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of patients with primary bone lymphoma (PBL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with PBL treated in our center from 2005 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the clinical characteristics and the factors affecting prognosis of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of all the 21 newly diagnosed PBL patients was 40(12-71) years old. Ostealgia was the initial symptom in most of the patients (19/21,90.5%). 42.9%(9/21) of the patients showed single bone lesion only. 571% (12/21) of the patients showed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. 28.6% (6/21) of the patients showed anaplastic large cell lymphoma and 9.5% (2/21) of the patients showed T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. All the patients received chemotherapy (CHOP or CHOP like regimen, 33.3% plus rituximab) with or without radiotherapy and/or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). 18 patients achieved clinical remission (including 15 for CR and 3 for PR). The median follow-up time was 48 months. The 5-year overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate of the patients were was 67.5% and 63.7%, respectively. The single factors analysis showed that ASCT was the important prognostic factor of PFS, while the single or multiple bone lesion was the factors affecting OS of the patients. There were no statistical differences with the effects of age, sex, stage, ECOG score, LDH level, B symptoms and radiotherapy for the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common pathological type of PBL. Chemotherapy is the main treatment, which can be combined with radiotherapy and/or ASCT. The ASCT and the number of bone lesion are the factors for long time survival of the patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Vincristine
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application of three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging in evaluating left ventricular systolic function and its correlation with peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity.@*METHODS@#Random sampling combined with convenience sampling was used to obtain research samples, and then the samples were divided into an obesity group (23 cases), an overweight group (21 cases), and a normal group (24 cases). Three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging was used to measure the global longitudinal strain (GLS), global radial strain (GRS), and global circumferential strain (GCS) of the left ventricle. An automatic arteriosclerosis tester was used to measure ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). These parameters were compared among the three groups. The correlation of three-dimensional speckle-tracking parameters with ABI and baPWV was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in GLS, GRS, and GCS between the obesity and normal groups (P>0.05). The overweight group had a significantly higher GLS than the normal group [(-24±7) vs (-19±12), P<0.05]. The obesity and overweight groups had a significantly lower ABI than the normal group [(1.00±0.09)/(1.09±0.13) vs (2.25±0.13), P<0.05). The obesity group had a significantly higher baPWV than the normal group [(978±109) vs (905±22), P<0.05]. In the children with obesity, GLS was positively correlated with baPWV (r=0.516, P<0.05) , but not correlated with ABI (P>0.05), and GCS and GRS had no significant correlation with ABI or baPWV (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are varying degrees of changes in left ventricular systolic function and peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity, and there is a certain correlation between them.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Child , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Elasticity , Humans , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical value of attention time combined with behavior scale in the screening of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool children.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 preschool children with ADHD diagnosed in Fujian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from February 2019 to March 2020 were enrolled as the ADHD group. A total of 200 children who underwent physical examination in the hospital or kindergartens during the same period were enrolled as the control group. Attention time was recorded. Chinese Version of Swanson Nolan and Pelham, Version IV Scale-Parent Form (SNAP-IV) scale was used to evaluate symptoms. With clinical diagnosis as the gold standard, the decision tree analysis was used to evaluate the clinical value of attention time combined with behavior scale in the screening of ADHD.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the ADHD group had significantly higher scores of SNAP-IV items 1, 4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, and 22 (P<0.05) and a significantly shorter attention time (P<0.05). The variables with statistically significant differences between the two groups in univariate analysis were used as independent variables to establish a decision tree model. The accuracy of the model in predicting ADHD was 81%, that in predicting non-ADHD was 69%, and the overall accuracy was 75%, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.816 (95% CI: 0.774-0.857, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The decision tree model for screening ADHD in preschool children based on attention time and assessment results of behavior scale has a high accuracy and can be used for rapid screening of ADHD among children in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Asians , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Decision Trees , Humans , Mass Screening , Prospective Studies
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 109-115, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928499

ABSTRACT

Damage to sperm DNA was proposed to play an important role in embryonic development. Previous studies focused on outcomes after fresh embryo transfer, whereas this study investigated the influence of sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) on laboratory and clinical outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET). This retrospective study examined 381 couples using cleavage-stage FET. Sperm used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) underwent density gradient centrifugation and swim up processing. Sperm DFI had a negative correlation with sperm motility (r = -0.640, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (r = -0.289, P < 0.01), and fertilization rate of IVF cycles (r = -0.247, P < 0.01). Sperm DFI examined before and after density gradient centrifugation/swim up processing was markedly decreased after processing (17.1% vs 2.4%, P < 0.01; 65 randomly picked couples). Sperm progressive motility was significantly reduced in high DFI group compared with low DFI group for both IVF and ICSI (IVF: 46.9% ± 12.4% vs 38.5% ± 12.6%, respectively; ICSI: 37.6% ± 14.1% vs 22.3% ± 17.8%, respectively; both P < 0.01). The fertilization rate was significantly lower in high ( ≥25%) DFI group compared with low (<25%) DFI group using IVF (73.3% ± 23.9% vs 53.2% ± 33.6%, respectively; P < 0.01) but was equivalent in high and low DFI groups using ICSI. Embryonic development and clinical outcomes after FET were equivalent for low and high DFI groups using ICSI or IVF. In this study, sperm DFI did not provide sufficient information regarding embryo development or clinical outcomes for infertile couples using FET.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928123

ABSTRACT

The quality markers(Q-markers) of Shujin Huoxue Capsules were comprehensively discriminated based on the five principles of transfer and traceability, specificity, compatibility, effectiveness and measurability. The compounds that could be transferred from the original medicinal materials to the preparation were selected with the principle of transfer and traceability. The specific components in the prescription were screened by reviewing literature with the principle of specificity. According to the principle of compatibility, the attributes of compounds were evaluated by the sovereign, minister, assistant and guide combination rules of the original medicinal materials in the prescription. According to the principle of measurability, the measurable components were summarized by reference to the pharmacopoeia and literature combined with the content. The mechanism of Shujin Huoxue Capsules in the treatment of osteoporosis was studied through network pharmacology based on the principle of effectiveness, which was the evaluation index of effectiveness. The chemical components screened out above were regarded as candidate Q-markers, and the cobweb model was plotted to obtain the comprehensive score of Q-markers. Hydroxysafflor yellow A, trachelosid, eleutheroside B, α-cyperone, protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde and 4-methoxy salicylaldehyde were discriminated as the Q-markers of Shujin Huoxue Capsules based on the five principles combined with cobweb model.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
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