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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 70-75, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006429

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo quantitatively investigate the changes in the total volume and contour density of hepatic oval cells (HOC) in hepatic lobules of rats with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis. MethodsA total of 11 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group with 5 rats and hepatic fibrosis group with 6 rats, and CCl4 and olive oil suspension were injected subcutaneously twice a week, 3 mL/kg each time. After five weeks of hepatic fibrosis modeling, five liver tissue blocks with a size of about 1 mm3 were randomly selected from the liver of each rat to prepare one Epon812 epoxy resin-embedded ultrathin section, and the stereological method and transmission electron microscopy were used for the quantitative analysis of the total volume and contour density of HOC in the hepatic lobules of rats. In addition, four liver tissue blocks with a thickness of 2 mm were randomly selected from the remaining liver of each rat to prepare two paraffin-embedded Masson staining sections, and the degree of liver fibrosis in each rat was qualitatively evaluated according to the Metavir staging criteria for liver fibrosis. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups. ResultsThe quantitative stereological analysis showed that the total volume of HOC in hepatic lobules was 15.40±7.63 mm3 in the control group and 146.80±114.00 mm3 in the liver fibrosis group, and compared with the control group, the total volume of HOC in hepatic lobules of rats in the liver fibrosis group was significantly increased by 8.53 times (t=-2.551, P=0.031); the contour density of HOC in hepatic lobules was 56.20±40.40 in the control group and 566.50±317.00 in the liver fibrosis group, and compared with the control group, the contour density of HOC in hepatic lobules of rats in the liver fibrosis group was significantly increased by 9.08 times (t=-3.539, P=0.006). Qualitative observation showed that liver fibrosis stage of rats reached stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ according to the Metavir scoring criteria, and massive proliferation of HOC was observed around the proliferation site of hepatic stellate cells in the perisinusoidal space of rats. ConclusionCCl4 induces significant proliferation of HOC in hepatic lobules of rats with liver fibrosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 113-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current smoking status and smoking abstinence self-efficacy of stroke smoking patients, to clarify the factors associated with the smoking abstinence self-efficacy in stroke patients, and to provide a theoretical basis for subsequent targeted interventions and guidance for smoking cessation.Methods:A total of 196 stroke patients admitted to the Neurology Department of Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from September to December in 2021 were surveyed adopted cross-sectional survey method by the General Information Questionnaire, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Tobacco Hazard Perception Score, and the Smoking Abstinence Self Efficacy Scale. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the factors associated with patients' smoking abstinence self-efficacy.Results:The overall score of self-efficacy for smoking in stroke patients was (20.78 ± 6.47), and the scores of each dimension in descending order were habit/addiction, negative/emotional and positive/social situations. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that occupation, nicotine dependence score and cognition score of tobacco harm were the influencing factors of smoking abstinence self-efficacy, which could explain 37.4% variation of smoking abstinence self-efficacy.Conclusions:The self-efficacy level of smoking patients with stroke needs to be improved, and helping patients to improve their perception of tobacco harm and reduce their nicotine dependence can improve their self-efficacy level to increase the success rate of smoking cessation, thus reducing or even quitting the health risks caused by smoking behavior.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988174

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of modified Gegen Qinliantang on the expression levels of proteins related to the farnesoid X receptor/small heterodimer partner/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (FXR/SHP/PPARα) signaling pathway in the liver tissue of db/db model mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore the underlying mechanism of action of modified Gegen Qinliantang. MethodThirty db/db mice were randomly divided into model group, metformin group (0.2 g·kg-1), and high-, medium-, and low-dose modified Gegen Qinliantang groups (31.9, 19.1, 6.4 g·kg-1), with 6 mice in each group. An additional six m/m mice were assigned to the blank group. Respective drugs were administered via oral gavage for 12 weeks. Mouse body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were measured. Oil red O staining was used to observe hepatic lipid accumulation and periodic acid-schiff (PAS) staining was used to assess hepatic glycogen deposition. Ammonium ferric sulfate staining was used to observe cholesterol deposition in intestinal tissues. Western blot was employed to detect the expression of FXR, cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), SHP, and PPARα proteins in liver tissues, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure serum free fatty acid (FFA) levels. ResultAt the end of the treatment, compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited significant increases in mouse body weight, FBG, FFA, TC, TG, and LDL-C levels (P<0.01), along with significant hepatic lipid droplets, reduced hepatic glycogen, noticeable cholesterol accumulation in intestinal tissues, significantly decreased expression of FXR, SHP, PPARα proteins, and significantly increased expression of CYP7A1 protein in liver tissues (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the metformin group and the high- and medium-dose modified Gegen Qinliantang groups demonstrated significant reductions in mouse body weight, FBG, FFA, TC, TG, LDL-C levels (P<0.05, P<0.01), significant increases in HDL-C levels (P<0.05, P<0.01), decreased hepatic lipid accumulation, increased hepatic glycogen, reduced intestinal cholesterol accumulation, significantly increased expression of FXR, SHP, PPARα proteins, and significantly decreased expression of CYP7A1 protein in liver tissues (P<0.01). ConclusionModified Gegen Qinliantang may regulate the FXR/SHP/PPARα signaling pathway to suppress FFA levels and improve lipid metabolism in T2DM mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 25-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953920

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the effect of modified Gegen Qinliantang (MGQT) on blood glucose and lipids and Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5)-related pathways in pancreatic tissue of obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice. MethodA total of 10 male specific pathogen free (SPF) m/m mice (7 weeks old) and 50 male SPF (7 weeks old) were adaptively fed for one week in SPF laboratory. The m/m mice were included in the blank group. T2DM was induce d in the 50 db/db mice. The model mice were randomized into the model group, metformin group (0.2 g·kg-1), high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose (31.9, 19.1, 6.4 g·kg-1) MGQT groups, with 10 in each group, and the drug dose was10 mL·kg-1. The model group and the blank group received distilled water of the same volume. The administration lasted 12 weeks (once/day). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was detected regularly. After 12 weeks of administration, serum levels of glycated serum protein (GSP), serum glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were detected. Pathological changes in the pancreatic tissue were based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was used to determine the protein expression of TGR5, protein kinase A (PKA), phosphorylated (p)-PKA, cyclic-AMP response element binding protein (CREB), p-CREB, proprotein convertase 1/3 (PC1/3), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in pancreatic tissues. The level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in pancreatic tissue was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group had pathological changes in pancreatic tissue, high levels of FBG, GSP, GLU, TC, TG, and LDL-C (P<0.01), low level of HDL-C (P<0.05), low protein expression of TGR5, p-PKA (Thr197)/PKA, p-CREB (Ser133)/CREB, PC1/3, and GLP-1 in pancreatic tissue (P<0.01), and low content of cAMP in the pancreas (P<0.01). Pancreatic tissue lesion in the treatment groups were milder than that in the model group. Both the high-dose MGQT and metformin can reduce the levels of FBG, GSP, GLU, TC, TG, and LDL-C in db/db mice (P<0.05, P<0.01) and increase the level of HDL-C (P<0.01). Except the GLP-1 protein in the medium-dose MGQT group, the protein expression of TGR5, p-PKA (Thr197)/PKA, p-CREB (Ser133)/CREB, PC1/3, and GLP-1 in the high-dose and medium-dose MGQT groups and the metformin group increased compared with that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The content of cAMP in the pancreatic tissue of the high-dose and medium-dose MGQT groups and the metformin group was raised compared with that in model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionMGQT can improve the glucose homeostasis in db/db mice with T2DM by regulating TGR5/cAMP/GLP-1 signaling pathway-related protein expression.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 136-142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the protective effect of jailed balloon technique on side branch (SB) ostium using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography(OCT). Methods: This is a retrospective study. Consecutive coronary disease patients with coronary artery bifurcation lesions who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and completed pre-and post-procedural OCT examinations at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from September 2019 to March 2022 were enrolled. Patients were divided into the jailed balloon technique group and the unprotected group according to the options applied for the SB. The SB ostium area difference was calculated from OCT images (SB ostium area difference=post-PCI SB ostium area-pre-PCI SB ostium area). The SB ostium area differences were compared between the two groups and compared further in the subgroup of true bifurcation lesions and non-true bifurcation lesions. In the jailed balloon group, the SB ostium area difference was compared between the active jailed balloon technique and the conventional jailed balloon technique, between the jailed balloon>2.0 mm diameter and the jailed balloon≤2.0 mm diameter, and between the higher balloon pressure (>4 atm, 1 atm=101.325 kPa) and the lower balloon pressure (≤4 atm). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to explore the correlation between the technical parameters of the jailed balloon technique and the SB protection effect. Results: A total of 176 patients with 236 bifurcation lesions were enrolled, aged (60.7±9.3) years, and there were 128 male patients (72.7%). There were 67 patients in the jailed balloon technique group with 71 bifurcation lesions and 123 patients in the unprotected group with 165 bifurcation lesions. Fourteen patients had 2 to 3 lesions, which were treated in different ways, so they appeared in the unprotected group and the jailed balloon technique group at the same time. The area difference in SB ostium was greater in the jailed balloon group than in the unprotected group (0.07 (-0.43, 1.05)mm2 vs.-0.33 (-0.83, 0.26)mm2, P<0.001), and the results were consistent in the true bifurcation lesion subgroup (0.29 (-0.35, 0.96)mm2 vs.-0.26 (-0.64, 0.29)mm2, P=0.004), while the difference between the two groups in the non-true bifurcation lesion subgroup was not statistically significant (P=0.136). In the jailed balloon technique group, the SB ostium area difference was greater in patients treated with the active jailed balloon technique than in those treated with the conventional jailed balloon technique ((0.43±1.36)mm2 vs. (-0.22±0.52)mm2, P=0.013). The difference in SB ostium area was greater in those using>2.0 mm diameter jailed balloons than in those using≤2.0 mm diameter jailed balloons (0.25 (-0.51, 1.31) mm2 vs.-0.01 (-0.45, 0.63) mm2, P=0.020), while SB ostium area difference was similar between those endowed with higher balloon pressure (>4 atm) compared to those with lower balloon pressure (≤4 atm) (P=0.731). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between jailed balloon diameter and SB ostium area difference (r=0.344, P=0.019). Conclusions: The jailed balloon technique significantly protects SB ostium, especially in patients with true bifurcation lesions. The active jailed balloon technique and larger diameter balloons may provide more protection to the SB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Stents , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Coronary Angiography
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 516-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize the clinical features of neonates infected with Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*METHODS@#The medical data of 23 neonates with Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 infection admitted to the City North Campus of Urumqi First People's Hospital from October to December 2022 were retrospectively reviewed.@*RESULTS@#All 23 infants had a history of exposure to confirmed caregivers with SARS-CoV-2 infection after birth, and none of them was vertically transmitted. Clinical classification: 5 cases of asymptomatic infection, 18 cases of mild infection, and no cases of moderate, severe, or critically ill. The first symptoms were fever in 13 cases, cough in 3 cases, nasal congestion in 1 case, and diarrhea in 1 case. Blood white blood cell counts decreased in 2 cases, and C-reactive protein increased in 1 case. Seven infants underwent chest X-ray examination due to cough or shortness of breath, and one of which showed focal exudative changes, while the rest showed no abnormal changes. All infants were discharged after symptomatic treatment and the median hospital stay was 6 days. The duration of nucleic acid positivity of SARS-CoV-2 was negatively correlated with N gene Ct values and ORF1ab gene Ct values (rs=-0.719 and -0.699, respectively; P<0.05). One month after discharge, all infants had no symptoms or signs of nucleic acid re-positivity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical manifestations are usually mild or asymptomatic in neonates infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant. The lower the Ct values of the N and ORF1ab genes of SARS-CoV-2, the longer the duration of nucleic acid positivity. Neonates infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant can have a good prognosis after symptomatic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Cough , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 360-370, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965699

ABSTRACT

Carnosic acid (CA) is the main phenolic diterpenoid active ingredient in plants such as rosemary and sage, and has antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory effects and so on, however, its antiviral activity against influenza virus infections was not reported. In this study, antiviral activities against influenza A virus infections of three main bioactive ingredients from rosemary, including rosmarinic acid, CA and ursolic acid, were evaluated using virus titer titration assay, and CA showed remarkable inhibition on influenza H5N1 replication in A549 cells. The antiviral activity of CA was further confirmed and its mechanism of action was investigated using the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantification polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results showed that the 50% effective concentration (EC50) of CA against influenza H5N1 in A549 cells and MDCK cells were 4.30 and 3.64 μmol·L-1, respectively. Meanwhile, CA also showed inhibition on influenza virus 2009panH1N1 (EC50: 10.1 μmol·L-1) and H3N2 (EC50: 12.8 μmol·L-1) replications in A549 cells. Mechanistic studies showed that antiviral activity of CA is related to its induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in A549 cells and suppression on production of reactive oxygen in H5N1-infected cells.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 795-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection among patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in some regions of China. Methods Serum samples were collected from 3 131 patients with chronic HBV infection in 10 provinces, cities, and autonomous regions of China from March 2021 to June 2022, and anti-HDV IgG ELISA was used for the detection of all serum samples. Nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (nRT-PCR) was used to detect HDV RNA in anti-HDV IgG-positive samples, and the nRT-PCR amplification products of HDV RNA-positive samples were sequenced and analyzed to determine HDV genotype. The clinical features of anti-HDV IgG-positive patients were analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results The positive rate of anti-HDV IgG in the 3 131 patients with chronic HBV infection was 0.70% (22/3 131), and that in the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Beijing, and Hunan Province was 1.81% (16/886), 0.88% (2/226), 0.28% (2/708), and 1.00% (2/200), respectively; the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region had a significantly higher positive rate of anti-HDV IgG than those in Beijing ( P =0.004), and there was no significant difference between the other regions ( P > 0.05). Clinical features of the patients with chronic HBV infection in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region showed that compared with the anti-HDV IgG-negative group, the anti-HDV IgG-positive group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with Mongol nationality ( P =0.001), abnormal alanine aminotransferase ( P =0.007), or antiviral treatment ( P =0.029), as well as a significantly lower median HBV DNA level ( P =0.030). A total of 19 HDV RNA-positive samples were identified, all of which had HDV genotype 1. Conclusion The prevalence rate of HDV varies greatly across different regions of China, with a higher prevalence rate of HDV in patients with chronic HBV infection from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. HDV genotype 1 is the predominant genotype in some provinces and cities of northern China.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 201-205, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of infection in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), risk factors of serious infection, and their correlation with curative effect.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 92 newly diagnosed MDS patients with nosocomial infection from January 2016 to June 2020 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 306 courses of treatment were completed in 92 newly diagnosed MDS patients. The infection rate was the highest in the first course of treatment (84.8%, 78/92), and then decreased gradually. The top three infection sites were lung, upper respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. A total of 90 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, of which 33.4% (30/90) were gram-negative bacilli, 23.3% (21/90) were gram-positive cocci, 23.3% (21/90) were fungi, and 20.0% (18/90) were viruses. The serious infection rate among 92 patients with MDS was 22.8% (21/92). Multivariate analysis showed that neutrophil deficiency>7 days (OR=10.875, 95%CI: 2.747-43.051, P=0.001) was an independent risk factor for serious infection in MDS patients. Compared with non-severe infection group, the total effective rate of severe infection group was lower (90.9% vs 63.6%, χ2=4.393, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The infection rate of MDS patients is high in the first course of treatment, and the most common infection site is the lung. Gram-negative bacteria is the most common pathogen. MDS patients with neutrophil deficiency>7 days have a high risk of serious infection and poor efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross Infection , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 325-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To produce 161Tb from enriched 160Gd 2O 3 isotope-enriched target material and realize domestic production of the novel medical isotope 161Tb. Methods:The 160Gd 2O 3 isotope-enriched target material was irradiated with neutrons by the China Mianyang Research Reactor (CMRR). The no-carrier-added 161Tb product was obtained after the processes of target broken, sample dissolution, separation and purification with lanthanide (LN) resin and solution replacement with diglycolamide (DGA) column. Various key indicators such as γ spectral purity, metal impurity content, specific activity, radiochemical purity, and radioactive concentration were used to conduct the quality inspection and the control of 161Tb products. Results:161TbCl 3 of 33.4 GBq was obtained in a single time with the radioactive concentration of 16.8 GBq/ml, nuclear purity more than 99.9%, and radiochemical purity of 99.2%. Metal impurity content was met the established standards, with the specific activity of 6.02×10 17 Bq/mol. The radiochemical purities of 161Tb labeling with 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid- D-Phe1-Tyr3-Thr8-octreotide (DOTATATE) after 0 and 72 h were 100% and 95.8% respectively. Conclusion:The preparation of no-carrier-added 161Tb by using LN resin has the advantages of high separation performance and high sample loading, which has great significance in the field of medical isotope preparation and lays a good nuclide guarantee for the research and development of domestic 161Tb-labeled drugs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 283-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932239

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory reaction dominated by defense response will arise against infection and trauma. As an important proinflammatory cytokine, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is widely expressed in all nuclear cells to mediate the inflammatory response. However, the biological functions of HMGB1 in inflammation vary depending on the type of HMGB1 protein modification and the localization in the cell. HMGB1 protein will be modified as acetylation of lysine residues, methylation of lysine residues, oxidation of cysteine residues, phosphorylation of serine residues, glycosylation of asparagine residues, adenosine diphosphate-ribosylation and lactylation of the protein in the nucleus, migrate from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, and release into the extracellular compartment. Extracellular HMGB1 can bind to receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and Toll-like receptors, activate cells and regulate inflammatory responses. The authors review the research progress in regulatory mechanism of HMGB1 in inflammation response from aspects of its post-translational modifications, releases, biological roles and binding receptors, hoping to provide theoretical basis for finding the targets of inflammation intervention.

12.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 731-735, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of detection of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood for Down's syndrome screening.Methods:A total of 1667 pregnant women who were at a higher risk of having a baby with Down's syndrome who received Down's syndrome screening in the First People's Hospital of Datong between January 2020 and March 2021 were prospectively analyzed. After detection of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood, pregnant women who were at a higher risk of having a baby with Down's syndrome decided whether to accept amniocentesis for fetal karyotype. Then follow-up was performed for collecting related information. Finally, detection results of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood, fetal karyotype results and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed.Results:The positive predictive value of detecting cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood for trisomy 21, trisomy 18, and trisomy 13 and chromosome abnormality were 100.0%, 100.0%, 0.0% and 66.7%, respectively. The sensitivity and total specificity of detecting cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood were 100.0% and 99.8%, respectively. The false positive rate of detecting cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood for trisomy 13 and chromosome abnormality was 0.12% and 0.06%, respectively.Conclusion:A high degree of coincidence between detection results of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood and fetal karyotype results can be used as a prenatal screening for Down's syndrome. This has certain guiding significance for invasive prenatal diagnosis through amniocentesis-based fetal karyotype analysis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1038-1042, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical application of multiple flaps in repairing nasal defects.Methods:The clinical data of 32 nasal defect patients underwent flap repair in the Tengzhou Central People′s Hospital from 2017 to 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The nasal median displacement flap was used in 9 cases, nasofacial groove displacement flap in 10 cases, nasolabial groove flap in 8 cases, nasolabial displacement flap in 2 cases, frontal displacement flap in 2 cases, and free tragus cartilage flap in 1 case. After operation, all flaps survived, blood supply was good, nasal shape and stereoscopic structure returned to normal. There was no tumor recurrence during 6 to 24 months after operation.Conclusions:It is a good choice to use multiple flaps to repair the small defects of nasal parts. And the operation is simple and easy with high success rate.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 816-821, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Hisense computer-assisted surgery system (CAS) three-dimensional reconstruction in the precision treatment of pediatric liver tumors.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 82 children with liver tumors who were admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to September 2021 were collected. There were 39 males and 43 females, aged 13(19)months. Children underwent upper abdominal dynamic enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination, and three-dimensional reconstruction was performed on CT images of arterial, equili-brium and venous phases with Hisense CAS. Surgical feasibility and scheme were evaluated and conducted based on the results of upper abdominal dynamic enhanced CT examination, and then revised according to three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS. Observation indicators: (1) comparison of surgical scheme between two-dimensional enhanced CT images and three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS; (2) intraoperative and postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination to detect postoperative compli-cations and residual liver compensation up to November 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(IQR) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. Results:(1) Comparison of surgical scheme between two-dimensional CT images and three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS. ① Based on the two-dimensional CT images, 42 cases of 82 children could undergo one-stage resection and 40 children could not. However, based on the three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS, 48 cases of 82 children could undergo one-stage resection and 34 children could not. There were 6 children with one-stage resection feasibility based on the three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS rather than the two-dimensional CT images. For the 34 children undergoing chemotherapy firstly, 31 cases had surgical feasibility after chemotherapy based on the two-dimensional CT images and 3 cases could not undergo surgery because of unapparent tumor regression or tumor surrounding impor-tant vessels. However, the 34 children had surgical feasibility after chemotherapy based on the three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS. The revision rate of surgical feasibility was 11.0%(9/82) for the 82 children. ② Based on the two-dimensional CT images, 15 cases of 82 children underwent liver left lobectomy, 21 cases underwent liver right lobectomy, 7 cases underwent mesohepatectomy, 13 cases underwent extended left hemihepatectomy, 23 cases underwent extended right hemihepatectomy, 3 cases underwent segmental hepatectomy. However, based on the three-dimensional reconstruction results of Hisense CAS, 20 cases of 82 children underwent liver left lobectomy, 29 cases underwent liver right lobectomy, 7 cases underwent mesohepatectomy, 7 cases underwent extended left hemihepatectomy, 14 cases underwent extended right hemihepatectomy, 5 cases underwent segmental hepatectomy. The revision rate of surgical scheme was 36.6%(30/82) for the 82 children. (2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 82 children were (182±18)minutes, 20(10)mL, (10.2±1.9)days, respectively. (3) Follow-up. All the 82 children were followed up for 10 (range, 2?18)months. There was no obvious complication occurred to the 82 children after surgery, and the residual liver can satisfy the liver compensation of body. All the children survived well.Conclusion:Three-dimensional reconstruction of Hisense CAS is conducive to judging the surgical feasibility and formulation of accurate surgical plan of children with liver tumors.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1038-1043, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the temporal trend of and the factors affecting depressive symptoms in Chinese menopausal women to provide evidence for the development of prevention and treatment strategies.@*METHODS@#CHARLS data were used to select menopausal women aged 45-60 years. Complete values of the key variables were screened and missing values were removed to obtain the cross-sectional data of the years 2011 (n=4318), 2013 (n=4200), 2015 (n=3930), and 2018 (n= 4147). The panel data were matched by the cross-sectional data, and a total of 5040 cases with complete record of the follow-up data were obtained for the 4 years to constitute a balanced short panel dataset with n=1260 and T=4. The prevalence and temporal trend of depressive symptoms in the menopausal women were analyzed based on the panel data. The random-effects Logit model with a panel dichotomous choice model was used to explore the factors affecting depressive symptoms in the menopausal women.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms in the menopausal women calculated based on the panel data was 35.9%, 33.1%, 36.7% and 43.7% in the 4 years, respectively, showing no statistically significant changes in the temporal trend (APC=3.25%, P=0.183). The results of the random-effects Logit model analysis showed that living in the urban area (OR=0.570, 95%CI: 0.457-0.710), a high education level (OR=0.759, 95%CI: 0.655-0.879), and having a spouse (OR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.236-0.558) were associated with a decreased incidence of depressive symptoms, while poor self-reported health (OR= 2.704, 95% CI: 2.152-3.396), disability (OR=1.457, 95%CI: 1.087-1.954), chronic disease (OR=1.407, 95% CI: 1.179-1.680), falls in the last two years (OR=2.028, 95% CI: 1.613-2.550), abnormal sleep duration (OR=2.249, 95% CI: 1.896-2.664), and dissatisfaction with life (OR=4.803, 95% CI: 3.757-6.140) were associated with an increased incidence of depressive symptoms.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms is relatively high in menopausal women in China. Measures should be taken to ensure that the menopausal women living in rural areas, with low education level, without spouse, with a poor self-reported health status, disability, chronic diseases, falls in recent two years, abnormal sleep time and dissatisfaction with life have access to psychological health care services and interventions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/psychology , Hot Flashes/psychology , Menopause/psychology
16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 495-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935892

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen and analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth, so as to provide reference for clinical judgment of surgical prognosis. Methods: A total of 176 patients (188 teeth) underwent autotransplantation of teeth in the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019, including 85 teeth of males and 103 teeth of females were involved. The age was (33.0±9.8) years (16-65 years). The possible factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth were summarized and grouped, and the clinical and imaging data were recorded and judged. The surgical records and photographic data from the patients' previous medical records were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis method was used for statistical analysis to screen out the factors affecting the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Results: The 5-year cumulative survival rate of 188 transplanted teeth was 88.4%. Univariate Log-Rank analysis showed that age (P<0.001), sex (P=0.008), smoking (P<0.001), position of recipient area (P<0.001), height of alveolar bone in recipient area (P<0.001), time of donor tooth in vitro (P<0.001), use of donor model (P<0.001) and initial stability (P<0.001) were significantly correlated with cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that smoking (β=-2.812, P=0.049), alveolar bone height (β=1.521, P=0.020), donor time (β=-2.001, P=0.019), use of donor model (β=1.666, P=0.034) and initial stability (β=-1.417, P=0.033) were significantly correlated with the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Conclusions: The prognosis of autogenous tooth transplantation can be predicted by smoking, height of alveolar bone in recipient area, time of donor teeth in vitro, use of donor model and initial stability. Good prognosis of transplanted teeth can be obtained by using donor model during operation, reducing the time of donor teeth in vitro, taking effective methods to restore alveolar bone height, maintaining good initial stability, and good oral health education after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tooth/transplantation , Tooth Loss , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 352-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between the width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth, the width/height ratios of maxillary central incisor and the esthetic proportions among individual normal occlusion, and to provide reference for the esthetic design of anterior teeth. Methods: A total of 300 Shanxi Medical University students who were residents from Shanxi province with normal occlusion (110 males, 190 females, aged 18-30 years) were recruited in this study from October 2020 to March 2021. Standardized digital photographs of the maxillary anterior tooth in natural head position were obtained, the perceived width of the maxillary anterior teeth (maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines) on the left and right sides and height of maxillary central incisor were measured on the standardized digital photographs, then the width ratios of adjacent maxillary anterior teeth including the lateral incisor/central incisor width ratio (LI∶CI), the canine/lateral incisor width ratio (C∶LI), and the width/height ratios (W/H ratio) of the maxillary central incisor were calculated. The independent sample t test was used to compare the sex differences of each measurement project, Single sample t test was used to compare the difference of adjacent maxillary anterior teeth width ratios with golden proportion (0.618 and 0.618), Preston proportion (0.66 and 0.84), the recurring esthetic dental (RED) proportion (0.70 and 0.70). The percentage of anterior tooth width/intercanine width was calculated, the number and proportion of teeth conforming to golden percentage (25%, 15%, 10%)±1% or modified golden percentage (22.5%, 15.0%, 12.5%)±1% were calculated. The number and proportion of width/height ratio of maxillary central incisor ranged from 0.75 to 0.85 was counted. Results: The widths of maxillary central incisor, lateral incisor and canine were (8.50±0.52), (6.23±0.53) and (5.18±0.55) mm, respectively, the corresponding tooth of male [(8.74±0.49), (6.37±0.52), (5.41±0.47) mm] was significantly higher than that of female [(8.37±0.50), (6.15±0.52), (5.04±0.54) mm] (t=6.40, 3.55, 6.23,P<0.05). The width ratio of maxillary lateral incisor/central incisor was 0.73±0.05, and there was no significant difference between genders (t=-1.06, P>0.05). The width ratio of canine/lateral incisor was 0.84±0.10, and it was significantly higher in male (0.85±0.10) than in female (0.82±0.10) (t=2.42, P<0.05). Two width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth were significantly different from golden proportion and the RED proportion (t=38.50, 35.74, 11.48, 22.20, P<0.05). The lateral incisor/central incisor was significantly different from that of Preston proportion (t=24.66, P<0.05), while the canine/lateral incisor was not significantly different from that of Preston proportion (t=-0.92, P>0.05). In this study, a total of 0% (0/600) of central incisors, 63.0% (378/600) of lateral incisors and 5.8% (35/600) of canines met the golden percentage±1%. There were 42.8% (257/600) of central incisors, 63.0% (378/600) of lateral incisors and 56.7% (340/600) of canines met the modified golden percentage±1%. The width/height ratio of maxillary central incisors was 0.86±0.08, and there was no significant difference between genders (t=-0.88, P>0.05). Only 36.3% (218/600) of the subjects in this study ranged from 0.75 to 0.85. Conclusions: Gender differences should be considered in the esthetic design of anterior teeth; for the width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth, the golden proportion, the RED proportion and golden percentage do not accord with the natural tooth morphological characteristics of Shanxi nationality college students in normal occlusion. Preston proportion and modified golden percentage are of more reference value. The width/height ratio of maxillary central incisors is different from 0.75-0.85.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Esthetics, Dental , Maxilla/anatomy & histology , Odontometry , Students
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 856-865, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study evaluated the prognostic power of serum uric acid (UA) in predicting adverse events in elderly acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM).@*METHODS@#The analysis involved 718 ACS patients ‍>80 years old whose general clinical data and baseline blood biochemical indicators were collected prospectively from January 2006 to December 2012. These patients were classified into two groups based on DM status, and then followed up after discharge. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rates and all-cause mortality. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to analyze the relationship between UA level and long-term clinical prognosis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were analyzed to predict the cutoff value of UA in elderly ACS patients with DM. There were 242 and 476 patients in the DM and non-DM (NDM) groups, respectively, and the follow-up time after discharge was 40‒120 months (median, 63 months; interquartile range, 51‒74 months).@*RESULTS@#The all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and MACE rates in both DM and NDM patients were higher than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum UA level is a strong independent predictor of long-term all-cause death and MACE in elderly ACS patients with DM.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6289-6293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921787

ABSTRACT

The ripe dried fruit of citron(Citrus medica) is one of the important sources of Chinese herb Citri Fructus. At the same time, it is also grown for edible and ornamental uses. There are many species and abundant genetic variation. To clarify the intraspecific variation and resource distribution of citron, this study investigated the variation in 11 citron fruits, basically covering the main species in China, including Xiaoguo citron(C. medica var. ethrog), Goucheng(C. medica var. yunnanensis), Muli citron(C.medica var. muliensis), Dehong citron(C.medica×Citrus spp.), Fuzhou citron(C.medica×C.grandis?), Mawu(C.medica×C.grandis?), Cangyuan citron, Binchuan citron, Sweet citron, Big citron, and Small citron. The natural communities of citron were proved to be mainly distributed in the southwestern and western Yunnan and southeastern Tibet of China, with Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Chongqing, Hubei, and Zhejiang identified as the main production areas. Citron has also been widely grown in India, the Mediterranean region, and the Caribbean coast countries. The field investigation revealed the large-scale intraspecific variation of citron fruits. Most of the fruits are oval-like or sphere-like in shape. The fruits are green when raw and yellow when ripe, with oil cell dots on the skin, stripe-likes running from top to bottom, and bulge at the top. Usually, in the smaller citron fruits, the pulp and juice vesicles are better developed and the central columella is tighter. By contrast, the juice vesicles and central columella in larger fruits became more vacant, with carpels visible, and the apex segregation and development of the carpels is one of the reasons for variation. These variations should be given top priority in the future variety selection and breeding, and the quality differences of different citron species and their mechanisms should be further studied. In particular, variety selection and classification management according to their medicinal or edible purposes will provide scientific and technological supports for the orderly, safe, and effective production of citron products consumed as food and medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Citrus , Fruit , Taste , Tibet
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 707-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921274

ABSTRACT

Glucose and lipid metabolism is the most fundamental metabolic activity of higher organisms. This process is affected by both genetic polymorphisms and environmental factors. Excessive uptake and accumulation of lipids lead to obesity and disorder of glucose metabolic homeostasis characterized by insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, suggesting that the cross-regulation between lipid and glucose metabolism happens precisely at organ, cellular and molecular levels by known mechanisms. Adenine nucleotides and their metabolites have emerged as mediators in the mutual regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. This review summarizes the roles of purinergic signaling induced by fatty acids in glucose metabolism and the development of type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenine Nucleotides , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Glucose , Homeostasis , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism
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