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1.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 35-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of radiofrequency ablation on infants with incessant ventricular tachycardia(IIVT) and heart failure.Methods:Twenty-eight infants with IIVT combined with heart failure admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2006 to December 2021 were selected, including 16 boys and 12 girls; 26 cases were treated with radiofrequency ablation.The characteristics of IIVT and heart failure and the results of radiofrequency ablation were analyzed.Results:The average age of the first diagnosis of 28 infants was 13.9 months old, and all of them had heart failure.Eleven infants had cardiogenic shock, three infants had cardiogenic syncope, two infants had respiratory failure for respiratory support, and one infant died.Color Doppler echocardiography showed that the left ventricular diameter increased and/or left ventricular systolic function decreased.Anti-heart failure treatment was effective in 27 cases(96.4%), electrical cardioversion in five cases, effective in three cases, and anti-arrhythmic drugs were effective in 17 cases(60.7%). Twenty-six cases(92.9%, 26/28) were treated with radiofrequency ablation, with immediate success in 23 cases(88.5%, 23/26) and effective in three cases(11.5%, 3/26). During the follow-up period for 3 to 36 months, cardiac function returned to normal in 25 cases(96.2%, 25/26) and recurred in three cases(11.5%, 3/26 cases), which were cured after radiofrequency ablation again.Temporary complications of atrioventricular block occurred in one case(3.8%, 1/26). In 26 cases of surgical children, 15 cases were measured by X-ray two-dimensional mapping and 11 cases were measured by three-dimensional mapping.The cumulative X-ray exposure was 87.0(51.5, 151.5) mGy and 1.2(0, 15.9) mGy, respectively, and the dose area product was 39.8(19.2, 427.8) μGy/m 2 and 2.8(0, 44.3) μGy/m 2.The cumulative X ray exposure and the dose area product were significantly reduced under the three-dimensional mapping method( P<0.001). Conclusion:The infants with IIVT combined with heart failure are prone to serious complications, and the effects of cardioversion and anti-arrhythmic drugs are limited.Radiofrequency ablation should be performed as soon as possible after heart failure is controlled.The application of three-dimensional mapping technology in surgery can significantly reduce ionizing radiation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 41-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996503

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Yiyi Fuzi Baijiangsan (YYFZBJ) on the apoptosis of colon cancer cell line HCT116. MethodYYFZBJ at different concentrations (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 g·L-1) was used to intervene in HCT116 cells for 24, 48, 72 h. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to determine the effect of YYFZBJ on cell proliferation in vitro. The cells were divided into a blank group, a capecitabine group(1.8 g·L-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose YYFZBJ groups (6, 10, and 14 g·L-1) and treated for 48 hours. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis. Hoechst 33342 staining was used to observe the apoptotic morphology of cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was analyzed by a mitochondrial-targeted deep-red fluorescent probe (Mito-Tracker Red CMXRos). The expression of proteins related to the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, such as B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), cytochrome C (Cyt C), cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease (Caspase)-9, Caspase-3, cleaved Caspase-9, and cleaved Caspase-3 was detected by Western blot. The mRNA levels of Bcl-2, Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, and Caspase-3 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the blank group, YYFZBJ (8, 10, 12, 14, 16 g·L-1) significantly inhibited the proliferation of HCT116 cells in vitro (P<0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the medium- and high-dose YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed increased apoptosis rates of colon cancer cells (P<0.05). The YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed reduced number of colon cancer cells with significantly changed cellular morphology and cell apoptosis manifestations, such as strong dark blue fluorescence, nucleus concentration, shrinkage, and fragmentation. With the increase in the mass concentration of YYFZBJ, the blue fluorescence intensity was significantly enhanced. Compared with the blank group, the YYFZBJ groups and the capecitabine group showed reduced MMP in a dose-dependent manner, decreased protein and mRNA levels of Bcl-2, and increased protein expression of Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, Caspase-3, cleaved Caspase-9, and cleaved Caspase-3 and mRNA expression of Bax, Cyt C, Caspase-9, and Caspase-3 (P<0.05). ConclusionYYFZBJ can induce the apoptosis of colon cancer HCT116 cells through the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.

3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 68-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971628

ABSTRACT

Most information used to evaluate diabetic statuses is collected at a special time-point, such as taking fasting plasma glucose test and providing a limited view of individual's health and disease risk. As a new parameter for continuously evaluating personal clinical statuses, the newly developed technique "continuous glucose monitoring" (CGM) can characterize glucose dynamics. By calculating the complexity of glucose time series index (CGI) with refined composite multi-scale entropy analysis of the CGM data, the study showed for the first time that the complexity of glucose time series in subjects decreased gradually from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose regulation and then to type 2 diabetes (P for trend < 0.01). Furthermore, CGI was significantly associated with various parameters such as insulin sensitivity/secretion (all P < 0.01), and multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the disposition index, which reflects β-cell function after adjusting for insulin sensitivity, was the only independent factor correlated with CGI (P < 0.01). Our findings indicate that the CGI derived from the CGM data may serve as a novel marker to evaluate glucose homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Time Factors , Insulin
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3373-3385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981473

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of eight oral Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD) by network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the treatment of AECOPD with eight oral Chinese patent medicines was retrieved from databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from database inception to August 6, 2022. The information was extracted from the included literature and the quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. The data were analyzed using Stata SE 15.1 and ADDIS 1.16.8 software. Finally, 53 RCTs were included, with 5 289 patients involved, including 2 652 patients in the experimental group and 2 637 patients in the control group. Network Meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were optimal in improving clinical effective rate, Shufeng Jiedu Capsules+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1/FVC, Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in improving FEV1%pred, Feilike Mixture(Capsules)+conventional western medicine in improving PaO_2, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine in reducing PaCO_2, and Qingqi Huatan Pills+conventional western medicine in reducing C-reactive protein(CRP). In terms of safety, most of them were gastrointestinal symptoms, and no serious adverse reactions were reported. When the clinical effective rate was taken as the comprehensive index of efficacy evaluation, Lianhua Qingwen Capsules+conventional western medicine were the most likely to be the best treatment for AECOPD. There are some limitations in the conclusion of this study. It only provides references for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Network Meta-Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3246-3254, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981461

ABSTRACT

As one of the main diseases leading to end-stage renal disease, steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome(SRNS) can cause serious complications such as infection. Without effective control, this disease can further lead to the malignant development of the renal function, bringing serious social and economic burdens. As previously reported, the formation of SRNS is mostly related to the podocyte injury in the body, i.e., the injury of glomerular visceral epithelial cells. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) signaling pathway, nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway, mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)/adenosine monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK), transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1/Smads, and other signaling pathways are classical signaling pathways related to podocyte injury. By regulating the expression of signaling pathways, podocyte injury can be intervened to improve the adhesion between podocyte foot processes and glomerular basement membrane and promote the function of podocytes, thereby alleviating the clinical symptoms of SRNS. Through the literature review, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has unique advantages and an important role in intervening in podocyte injury. In the intervention in podocyte injury, TCM, by virtue of multi-target and multi-pathway role, can regulate and intervene in podocyte injury in many ways, alleviate the clinical symptoms of SRNS, and interfere with the progress of SRNS, reflecting the unique advantages of TCM. On the other hand, TCM can directly or indirectly inhibit podocyte injury by regulating the above signaling pathways, which can not only promote the effect of hormones and immunosuppressants and shorten the course of treatment, but also reduce the toxic and side effects caused by various hormones and immunosuppressants to exert the advantages of small side effects and low price of TCM. This article reviewed TCM in the treatment of SRNS by interfering with podocyte injury-related signaling pathways and is expected to provide a reference for the in-depth study of TCM in the treatment of SRNS, as well as a theoretical basis and a new direction for the clinical application of TCM to shorten the course of treatment of SRNS and delay the progression to end-stage renal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Podocytes , Nephrotic Syndrome/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Hormones
6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 196-201, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014194

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the mechanism by which intermdin(IMD)inhibits lipopolysaccha ride(LPS)-induced polarization in RAW264.7 cells.Methods RAW264.7 cells were divided into control groups, LPS groups, LPS+IMD groups, LPS+IMD+Compound C groups.The mRNA expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α,(TNF-α,), CD86, inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), Arginase-1(Arg-1)and CD206 were detected by Realtime-PCR.The protein expressions of p-AMPK, AMPK, TNF-α, intereukin-6(IL-6)and intereukin-10(IL-10)were detected by Western blot.The proportion of CD86+ M1 type cells was detected by Flow cytometry.In addition, the expression levels of supernatant cytokines, including IL-6 and TNF-α, were detected by ELISA.Results Compared with control and LPS groups, IMD treatment could up-regulate the expression level of p-AMPK and the ratio of p-AMPK/AMPK.LPS promoted M1 polarization, since the expressions of CD86, TNF-α and iNOS increased, while the expressions of CD206 and Arg-1 decreased by LPS induction.The proportion of M1 type cells increased and the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 in the cell supernatant increased.And IMD treatment could inhibit the polarization of M1 induced by LPS.These effects were reversed by Compound C, an inhibitor of AMPK.Conclusion IMD can inhibit the M1-type polarization of LPS-induced macrophages by activating AMPK signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 312-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930853

ABSTRACT

Infant tachycardia is a critical disease, mainly with supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular tachycardia.The treatment of tachycardia in infant is quite different from that of older children, and there is no relevant guidelines at present.Drug therapy in the acute stage of supraventricular tachycardia and atrial fluttery is mainly intravenous adenosine injection.Digoxin is widely used in neonates.Propranolol is the first choice for prophylactic treatment, and landilolol is in the development stage.Ventricular tachycardia can be spontaneously subsided, the treatment is dominated by intravenous lidocaine.For non-drug therapy, heart cardioerter is the emergency treatment for serious rapid arrhythmia.Radiofrequency ablation is used in infants with more severe conditions and where the onset of tachycardia can not be controlled.Bury cardioverter-defibrillator is effective in preventing infant ion channel disease complicated with malignant ventricular tachycardia induced sudden cardiac death.Subcutaneous implantion of a defibrillator may be superior to intravenous implantation in infants and young children.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1989-1994, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the perioperative nursing points of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures assisted by robots, so as to provide reference for orthopedic nursing.Methods:From July 2019 to February 2021, the data of 72 patients undergoing robot-assisted PKP in the spinal surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The perioperative nursing points were summarized, and the nursing experience was summarized. The nursing under the new measures of precise minimally invasive treatment was analyzed and discussed. The length of hospital stay, postoperative ambulation time, complications and satisfaction survey results of patients were collected and recorded. The Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) score, Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score before and after surgery were compared. The correlation analysis of the scores of various factors was combined to comprehensively evaluate the surgical and nursing effects.Results:All patients had no complications related to machine use during and after operation, and their symptoms were improved to varying degrees. Fifty-seven cases of indwelling catheter, catheter time (19.00±14.24) h. The preoperative hospitalization time was (6.16±2.22) d, and the postoperative hospitalization time was (1.94±0.99) d. Postoperative bed time was (16.34±6.81) h. Postoperative nursing satisfaction was (98.55±2.44)%.The postoperative NRS and SAS scores were (1.00±0.55) and (32.06±5.33) points, respectively, which were lower than those before operation (3.51 ± 0.71) and (39.08±8.86) points, and the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 33.976, 8.184, P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences in six indicators of ODI scores before and after surgery, including low back pain, walking, standing, sitting, sleep and self-care ( P<0.01). Correlation analysis showed that there was a strong correlation between the six ODI score factors and the NRS score. The four factors of sitting, walking, low back pain and standing were highly correlated with SAS. Conclusions:The implementation of good perioperative nursing management for patients with PKP assisted by robot can effectively promote the rehabilitation of patients, reduce the incidence of complications and improve patient satisfaction.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 999-1003, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) in children caused by CASQ2 gene variants. Methods:The clinical data of 8 children (4 males and females, respectively) with CPVT caused by CASQ2 gene variants admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to November 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The targeted next generation sequencing was employed to identify CASQ2 variants and Sanger sequencing was conducted to conform the candidate variants and determine the parental origin. Results:As for 8 children in this study, the average age of onset was 6.4 years, the mean age at diagnosis was 9.4 years, and the average interval from onset to diagnosis was 3 years.Only 2 cases had clearly diagnosis at onset, other 6 cases had a delay to diagnosis and 3 cases of them were diagnosed at other hospitals as having epilepsy and did not respond to anti-epileptic therapy.During physical activity and/or emotional stress, 8 cases presented with recurrent syncope and were able to regain consciousness after a few minutes.They had no a history of sudden cardiac death or family history.There was no abnormality on resting electrocardiogram during the paroxysmal interval in 6 cases and mild sinus bradycardia in 2 cases.Typical bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (VT) and/or polymorphic VT were detected in 8/8 cases and 5/5 cases, respectively, based on Holter electrocardiography and cardiac stress test.The CASQ2 gene variant was found in all children, with 6 cases carrying compound heterozygous variants and 2 cases carrying homozygous variants.A total of 9 different CASQ2 variants were detected in 8 cases, of which 5 had not been previously reported.According to the family-line verification, all of them had a familial variant, with no novel variants.All 8 cases were treated orally with β-blockers, with asymptomatically recurrent episodes, with a mean follow-up of 1.5 years, during which implantable cardioverter defibrillation was performed in 1 case owing to severe sinus bradycardia.There was no death case among them. Conclusions:CPVT with CASQ2 variants is characterized by early onset before preschool age, recurrent syncope after exercise or emotional stress and bidirectional/polymorphic VT.Early diagnosis of CPVT remains challenging due to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis.Treatment with β-blockers can achieve favorable effectiveness and safety.Five novel variants in this study would further expand the database of CASQ2 genes.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2090-2095, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904680

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, metagenomics(MGS)is the fastest growing fields in microbiology, and has been broadly applied in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms. Comparing with the traditional poly merase chain reaction(PCR)-based detecting technology which relies on microbial culture, MGS can directly detect the sequences of the total microbial DNA from uncultured samples with the high-throughput sequencing platform. It can help the doctors identify the involved pathogens more quickly and provide better medication guidance. Among the known ophthalmic diseases, a lot of them are caused by the infection of pathogens and have many difficulties in clinical diagnosis and treatment. The development of metagenomics provides us a more effective and reliable way for detecting the pathogens of ophthalmic diseases. This article was aimed to review the development of MGS, applications and in the field of ophthalmology, as well as its current deficiencies and the possible development directions in the future.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 801-807, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864994

ABSTRACT

Objective:Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been used in the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) successfully, but there have been no multicenter prospective studies to verify its reliability or determine how to grade RDS with LUS findings.This study aimed to discuss the necessity and feasibility of using LUS findings to determine RDS grades through a multicenter prospective study.Methods:Every researcher participated in the National Neonatal Lung Ultrasound Training Course and receiving 3-6 months of lung ultrasound system training at the National Neonatal Lung Ultrasound Training Center.Patients between June 2018 and May 2020 who met the RDS ultrasound diagnostic criteria and had full available clinical data were included in this study.The LUS examination was completed immediately after the patients were admitted to the hospital.Some of them also underwent chest X-ray examination.Arterial blood gas analysis was completed immediately before or after the LUS ultrasound examination.RDS grading was performed according to the LUS findings and whether the patient had serious complications.Results:A total of 275 qualifying cases were included in this study, which included 220 premature infants and 55 full-term infants, and the primary RDS occurred in 117 cases (42.5%), and secondary RDS occurred in 158 cases (57.5%). LUS manifestations of RDS patients can be divided into three categories: (1)A ground-glass opacity sign: which could be found among 50 infants when they were admitted to the hospital (that was, at their first LUS examination). Twenty-eight of these infants were considered to have wet lungs and were not sent for special management on admission, but LUS showed typical snowflake-like lung consolidation within 0.5 to 4 hours.Twenty-two of them were given mechanical ventilation with exogenous pulmonary surfactant; Eighteen cases were controlled within 6-12 hours, but the lung lesions became more severe in the other 4 infants (due to severe intrauterine infection). (2)Snowflake-like lung consolidations: the first LUS on admission showed typical snowflake-like lung consolidation involving areas ranging from 1-2 intercostal spaces to 12 lung divisions in 204 cases.Thirty-eight infants among them the lung consolidation only had involvement of 1-2 intercostal spaces at the time of admission; Fifteen of them received invasive respiratory support and recovered within 4-12 hours.Twelve patients received noninvasive respiratory support; Seven of them recovered, while five cases developed severe lung illness.The remaining 11 patients who were not given any form of ventilator support developed severe conditions within 1-4 hours.Thirty of them showed snowflake signs involving 12 lung regions at admission.The remaining 136 patients had lung consolidation degree between the two degree above condition.(3)Snowflake-like sign with complications: Twenty-one patients had severe complications such as pneumothorax, pulmonary hemorrhage or/and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn or large area atelectasis, etc, although snowflake lung consolidation did not involve all lung regions.Conclusion:(1) LUS is reliable and accurate for diagnosing RDS.RDS has the same characteristics on ultrasound for both preterm and full-term infants, both primary and secondary RDS.(2) To facilitate the management of RDS, it is necessary to classify RDS according to the ultrasound findings and the presence of severe complications.(3) Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that RDS can be divided into mild, moderate and severe degrees.The exact standards for grading are as follows: Mild RDS: the early stage of RDS, in which lung consolidation shows as a ground-glass opacity sign on ultrasound; Moderate RDS: lung consolidation shows a snowflake sign on ultrasound, not all of the lung fields are involved; Severe RDS meets one or more of the following criteria: lung consolidation shows as a snowflake sign on ultrasound and all lung regions are involved, or regardless of its degree and extent, lung consolidation has caused serious complications, such as pulmonary hemorrhage, pneumothorax, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, or/and a large area of pulmonary atelectasis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 909-912, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of kangaroo care on the neurological behavior of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) neonates with asphyxia.Methods:Totally 76 cases of neonatal asphyxia admitted to NICU from January 2018 to December 2018 were randomly divided into observation group (40 cases) and observation group (36 cases). The control group was given routine nursing care, while the observation group was given kangaroo nursing intervention on the basis of the control group. The neurobehavioral changes, the occurrence of nervous system damage and the physical development after 42 days of birth were compared between the two groups.Results:The scores of behavior ability (11.64 ± 0.26), original reflex (5.89 ± 0.32), passive muscle tension (7.64 ± 0.46), active muscle tension (7.83 ± 0.55), general reaction (6.17 ± 0.46) in the intervention observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (11.02 ± 0.39), original reflex (5.53 ± 0.31), passive muscle tension (7.21 ± 0.47), active muscle tension (6.17 ± 0.46) Tension (7.41 ± 0.41), general reaction (5.88 ± 0.41) ( t values were 8.227, 4.970, 4.027, 3.740, 2.888, P<0.05). The incidence of neurological damage in the observation group was 2.50% (1/40) which was significantly lower than 16.67% (6/36) in the control group ( χ 2=4.117, P < 0.05). The growth of body weight (2.17 ± 0.42) kg, length (7.15 ± 1.74) cm and head circumference (4.38 ± 0.93) cm in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (1.68 ± 0.39) kg, (5.89 ± 1.81) cm, (3.81 ± 0.79) cm ( t values were 5.252, 3.093, 2.863, P<0.05). Conclusion:Kangaroo nursing can effectively promote the neurological development and physical development of neonatal asphyxia, and reduce the nervous system damage of asphyxiated neonates, and the operation is simple and easy, which is worthy of clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1648-1650, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the method and clinical effect of transcatheter closure of children′s secondary atrial septal defect (ASD) by femoral vein under the guidance of echocardiography.Methods:A total of 306 children (137 males and 169 females) with secondary ASD undergoing transcatheter closure surgery in the Department of Car-diology of Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled.The age of the patients was 2.1-15.0 years old [(6.18±2.45) years old], and the weight was 10-63 kg [(23.05±9.97) kg]. Among 306 children, 259 cases had single central ASD, with the defect diameter of 5-25 mm; 47 cases had ethmoid ASD, and the shunting range was measured to be 11-31 mm by echocardiography.Patients had normal cardiac function, and no other cardiac malformations were found.Eighteen children are complicated with other system malformations, including funnel chest in 5 children, chicken chest in 4 children, scoliosis in 4 children, epilepsy in 2 children, and Down′s syndrome in 3 children.In addition, there were 8 children with ASD and arrhythmia.Specifically, 3 cases were complicated by preexcitation syndrome, 3 cases by ventricular premature beat and 2 cases by supraventricular tachycardia.Three patients with ventricular premature beat, 1 patient with supraventricular tachycardia and 1 patient with preexcitation syndrome had indications of radiofrequency ablation.All the operations were performed in the same time with ASD occlusion via femoral vein under basic anesthesia.ASD occlusion was guided by transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography.Results:Of all 306 cases enrolled, ASD occlusion was successfully performed in 301 cases under the guidance of echocardiography, but it failed in 5 cases due to the large ultrasonic defect during the operation.For these 5 patients, the occluder was successfully released by the method of left superior pulmonary vein under X-ray.The operation time (from the beginning of anesthesia to the sheath extubation) was 17-45 min, with an average of (21.25±8.84) min.The occluder model was 10-30 mm.The operation process was smooth, and there were no serious complications during and after the operation.Conclusions:ASD transcatheter closure by femoral vein puncture under the guidance of echocardiography is safe and feasible operation for children with ASD.It is minimally invasive and causes no radiation injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 974-977, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the changes of serum cytokines in 301 children with Kawasaki disease(KD) and analyze their clinical significance.Methods:Three hundred and one pediatic patients with KD admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University between June 2018 and July 2019 were enrolled and divided into the immunoglobulin sensitive group and immunoglobulin non-response group according to the therapeutic effect.The levels of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were compared between the 2 groups.Results:(1)Fifty (16.6%) children had no-response to immunoglobulin.Before treatment, the level of serum cytokines in the immunoglobulin non-response group and the immunoglobulin sensitive group were as follows: IFN-γ[11.32(10.88) ng/L vs. 4.52(5.09) ng/L], TNF-α[7.43(11.25) ng/L vs. 4.42(6.04) ng/L], IL-10[14.44(20.3) ng/L vs. 8.32(7.99) ng/L], IL-6[100.28(126.39) ng/L vs. 41.34(49.32) ng/L], IL-4[1.06(1.79) ng/L vs. 0.98(1.42) ng/L], IL-2[0.48(0.90) ng/L vs. 0.40(0.62) ng/L]; there were significant differences in IFN - γ, TNF - α, IL-10 and IL-6 between the 2 groups (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference of IL-4 and IL-2 between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). (2)Before treatment and after the temperature was normal, the levels of cyto-kines in the immunoglobulin non-response group were as follows: IFN-γ[11.32(10.88) ng/L vs. 1.26(2.10) ng/L], TNF-α[7.43(11.25) ng/L vs. 1.52(3.46) ng/L], IL-10[14.44(20.3) ng/L vs. 4.63(7.00) ng/L], IL-6[100.28(126.39) ng/L vs. 22.85(39.95) ng/L], IL-4[1.06(1.79) ng/L vs. 0(0.25) ng/L], IL-2[0.48(0.90) ng/L vs. 0(0.02) ng/L]. Before treatment and after the temperature was normal, the levels of cytokines in the immunoglobulin sensitive group were as follows: IFN-γ[4.52(5.09) ng/L vs. 0.79(1.53) ng/L], TNF-α[4.42(6.04) ng/L vs. 1.60(3.4) ng/L], IL-10[8.32(7.99) ng/L vs. 3.59(3.74) ng/L], IL-6[41.34(49.32) ng/L vs. 11.90(18.84) ng/L], IL-4[0.98(1.42) ng/L vs. 0(0.88) ng/L], IL-2[0.40(0.62) ng/L vs. 0(0.14) ng/L]. The levels of cytokines decreased significantly after treatment in between 2 groups (all P<0.05). (3) Logistic regression analysis showed that IFN-γ, IL-6, fever duration and albumin were independent risk factors for no-response to immunoglobulin. Conclusions:Children with abnormally high serum IFN-γ and IL-6 levels before treatment are more likely to resist immunoglobulin.Therefore, the change of the condition in such children should be closely monitored.If there is no response to immunoglobulin, immunoglobulin should be used again as soon as possible or second-line drugs should be applied to improve the prognosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 350-353, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861575

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the compliance of participants to recommended liver cancer screening and to assess the incidence of subsequent liver cancer. Methods: Cancer Research Institute of Zhongshan City launched liver cancer screening in 2012, in agreement with the requirements of the Committee on Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer Foundation in China. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was the initial screening test performed in the population. We proposed that subjects positive for HBsAg undergo biannual screening using serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) tests and ultrasonography. All subjects were followed up till the end of December 2017. The prevalence of liver cancer and patients' compliance were statistically analyzed. Results: 1) We identified 2,882 HBsAg-positive participants among the total of 19,386 participants in 2012. The HBsAg positivity rate was 14.9%. 13 patients with liver cancer, identified in the preliminary screening, were excluded from the study, and the remaining 2,869 participants were followed-up. During four consecutive years (2014-2017), the compliance to AFP testing (58.9%) was higher than that (57.2%) to ultrasonography (P0.05). 3) The liver cancer patients in the high compliance to ultrasonography screening and HBsAg-positive groups had better survival rates than those in the low-compliance and HBsAg-negative groups, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: The rates of compliance to screening and the early diagnosis rate of liver cancer are low in HBsAg-positive participants. The liver cancer survival is relatively good in the cohort with high ultrasonography compliance. Improving the compliance of HBsAg-positive population is one of the important ways to increase the early diagnosis rate and survival rate of liver cancer.

16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1014-1018, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyse the features of treatment behavior and standardized therapeutic status of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).@*METHODS@#Out patients diagnosed with PsA in People's Hospital of Peking University, Haidian Hospital, People's Hospital of Jianyang City, Central Hospital of Xinxiang City, Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Cangzhou City, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from February to June 2018 were enrolled in this investigation. The data including gender, age of onset, course of disease, site of first consulting department, time of the first visit and definite diagnosis, follow-up interval, and use of conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (cDMARDs) and biological DMARDs (BioDMARDs) were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the cross-sectional study, 133 PsA patients were investigated. The mean age of onset was (47±11) years, the male to female ratio was 1.3:1, and mean disease duration was (16±8) years. Rheumatology department was the most common site of first hospital visit (37.6%, 50/133). Orthopedics department and dermatological department were visited by 24.1% (32/133) and 23.3% (31/133), respectively. Ratio of definite diagnosis was the highest in rheumatology department which was 78% (39/50). The ratio of definite diagnosis of dermatological department was the second highest, which was 19.4% (6/31). The mean definite diagnosed time was 7.6 months since the first visit of PsA patients, and diagnosed time was the shortest in rheumatology department, which had statistical significance. 37% PsA patients were treated appropriately in 3 months, 17.3% PsA patients were treated in 3-6 months and 40.2% patients with PsA visited their doctor more than once a year. 48.8% patients hadn't received standardized treatment before visit, and one third patients never received the therapy of DMARDs. Methotrexate was the most commonly used cDMARDs (58.3%), followed by leflunomide (20.5%) and BioDMARDs (19.7%), and biologicals were tumor necrosis factor antagonists.@*CONCLUSION@#In this multi-center study, the first visit department of PsA patients was widely distributed, and most patients were definitely diagnosed in Rheumatology Department. The time of their first visit and definite diagnosis were delayed due to multi factors. Nearly half of the patients did not receive standardized treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis, Psoriatic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Methotrexate , Time Factors
17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Pediatrics ; (12): 132-157, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment strategies of anomalous origin of the cor⁃onary artery accompanied with myocardial damage,so as to improve the level of clinicians' diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 72 cases of anomalous origin of the coronary artery accompanied with myo⁃cardial damage admitted in Department of Cardiology,Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University from2015 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics,diagnosis and treatment methods were analyzed.RESULTS: In 42 cases(58.3%),chest pain,chest tightness and palpitation were the main clinical symptoms. ECG abnor⁃malities were mainly ST-T changes(62.5%). Echocardiography showed 13 cases(18.1%)of cardiac enlargement,4 cas⁃es(5.6%)of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Coronary artery CT angiography(CTA)showed that the anomalous ori⁃gin of the left coronary artery was the most frequent(73.6%),followed by the anomalous origin of bilateral coronary arter⁃ies(13.9%),and the anomalous origin of the right coronary artery was the least frequent(12.5%). The whole group was successfully treated with no death. CONCLUSION: There might be a correlation between the anomalous origin of coronary artery and ischemic myocardial damage. In the examination of patients,pediatricians should pay more attention to the judgments of the position and movement of the coronary artery by CTA,and attach importance to the differential diagno⁃sis between ischemic myocardial damage and myocarditis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2417-2422, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803519

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of multidisciplinary cooperation model-based preoperative visit on the and psychological stress of patients who undergo surgery for the first time.@*Methods@#A total of 100 patients who undergo surgery for the first time in the Central Hospital of Xiaogan between July 2018 and December 2018 were enrolled in the present study. Fifty patients were assigned to the research group and another 50 patients to the control group according to the random number table method. Patients in the control group received traditional one-to-one peroperative visit, while multidisciplinary cooperation model-based preoperative visit was carried out in the research group. The changes of fear scores, Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores, stress and coping mode as well as knowledge related to operation were compared before and after visit intervention.@*Results@#VAS scores in the research group after preoperative visit (6.05±1.11) and enter the operating room (7.32±1.09) were significantly higher than those in the control group (6.77±0.67 and 8.22±1.37), the difference was statistically significant (t=3.881, 3.527, P<0.05). After preoperative visit, the socres of SAS (38.65±4.42), SDS (40.38±3.87), avoidance and resignation (10.53±1.37 and 6.09±0.80) in the research group were lower than those in the control group (45.25±3.08, 46.49±4.62 and 12.68±1.98, 7.37±0.84), (t=6.129-8.453, P<0.05). The scores of confronce (22.61±3.87) and knowledge related to operation (44.00±5.36) in the research group were higher than those in the control group (18.70±2.97 and 40.02±6.30), there were significant differences between the two groups (t=5.518, 3.313, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Multidisciplinary cooperation model-based might be a useful preoperative visit model in decreasing the levels of psychological stress and promoting surgical cognition in patients undergoing surgery for the first time.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 114-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To realize the rapid and accurate discrimination of Swertia plants by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and chemometrics. Method:The original infrared spectra data from different parts (roots,stems,leaves) of all of the 543 samples of S. davidii,S. mileensis,S. punicea,S. angustifolia and S. cincta were collected and preprocessed by multiplicative scatter correction (MSC),standard normal variate (SNV),Savitzky-Golay filter (SG),first derivative (1D),second derivative (2D),third derivative (3D). Then,the spectral ranges of 4 000-3 700,2 799-1 800 cm-1 and 682-653 cm-1 were deleted before PLS-DA and SVM analysis. Result:The samples of the five species could not be distinguished with similar averaged infrared spectra in the same part. The characteristic peaks of different parts in the same species were different, and the sequence of complexity was leaves > stems > roots. The five species of Swertia could accurately be identified by PLS-DA and SVM models established by spectra data in roots, stems and leaves. MSC+SG+2D showed the best preprocessing effect,and the prediction accuracies of all models were 100%. The values of R2Y in PLS-DA of all of the parts were more than 0.8, and the RMSEP was less than RMSECV,indicating that the model was stable and more effective. Furthermore,the value of Q2 exceeded 0.6, and the accuracy of prediction set reached 100%, indicating a high classification accuracy. It showed that PLS-DA models had a strong prediction ability. The c values in SVM model of roots,stems and leaves were 22.627 4,2 and 1.414 2,respectively,which were all within the normal ranges. The accuracy of prediction set was 100%, suggesting a high accuracy. Conclusion:FTIR combined with PLS-DA and SVM could accurately distinguish different species from Swertia, and the model has a good prediction effect and provides certain reference for the identification of other plants.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 16-21, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801688

ABSTRACT

This study adopted the 4 pairs of simple sequence repeats(SSR) primers selected by National Resource Center for Chinese Meteria Medica (CACMS) to detect 29 populations of Dendrobium officinale samples from 9 main places of production; 5,7,4 and 3 polymorphism bands were amplified from these 4 pairs of SSR primers. The DNA identities of different populations were constructed by SSR. The 29 D. officinale populations could be divided into 4 classes. The clustering result was related to the places of production. Samples from Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan provinces were classified into one category,while samples from Anhui and Guangxi provinces were classified into another category. Samples from Guangdong Danxia,Zhejiang Yongkang,Zhejiang Leqing and Taining belonged to a category. PopGene (version 1.32) software was applied to calculate the genetic similarity of the 29 D. officinale populations. The similarities was between 0.403 4 and 1.0.Based on the genetic similarity,the genetic consistency included three classes,A,B and C. Samples with a similar geographical location and landform environment have higher genetic similarities,which indicate the same genetic background. This paper provides reference information to study the identification, selection and breeding of good varieties.

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