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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3493-3502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906842

ABSTRACT

Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) is related to inflammation, oxidative damage, and immunity. In order to obtain a series of dibenzoylmethane halophenols with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects targeting CAV-1, twenty-nine target compounds were therefore synthesized by Baker-Ventaraman rearrangement and demethylation reaction, starting from the substituted benzoyl chloride and o-hydroxyacetophenone, and their interactions with CAV-1 were investigated by BLI technique. Their in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were also evaluated. The results showed that compounds A6, A17, A18, and A29 not only specifically bind to CAV-1, but also present strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. These results suggest that this class of compounds can affect the signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress by directly acting on CAV-1. In particular, these compounds exhibit the most significantly inhibitory effects on IL-1β and COX-2 release. IL-1β plays a key regulatory role in the development of arthritis. Therefore, it is worth expecting for the application of such compounds in the prevention and treatment of arthritis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Danggui Niantongtang on the protein and mRNA expression of key regulatory factors of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathway in synovial tissue of adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to further explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Method:The general condition of AA rats, including its body weight, were observed. The changes of toe volume were detected by toe volume meter. Histopathological changes of synovium of knee joint were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor super family 6 (Fas), Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain(FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase Caspase-3 (Caspase-3) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the toe volume of the model group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly proliferated synovial cells, significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 in synovial tissues(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and significantly increased Bcl-2 level (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the swelling degree of toes in Danggui Niantongtang group and Tripterygium group was significantly alleviated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly improved synovial hyperplasia, significantly increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly decreased expression levels of bcl-2 mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Danggui Niantongtang can effectively reduce joint swelling and abnormal proliferation of synovial tissue in AA rats. Its mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of Fas, FADD, Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3, and promoting the apoptosis of synovial cells.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of motor imagery training on motor and executive function in the older population. Methods:Articles about the impact of motor imagery training on the motor and cognitive functions of the elderly in the databases of Web of Sciences, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP were searched from 1980 to 2020. The training program, rehabilitation effect and relatec factors of motor image training in the elderly were analyzed and summarized. Results:Twelve articles were included finally. The motor image training that suited the elderly over 60 years old was usually combined with actual exercise training, mostly for four to twelve weeks, two to three times a week and 15 to 60 minutes a time. Motor imagery training was effective on standing balance, postural control, falls and muscle strength, to improve the ability to solve conflict problems, working memory and cognitive flexibility. Conclusion:Motor imagery training is an effective way to delay the decline of physical function and improve the executive function of the elderly. It is needed to construct a reasonable and standard motor imagery training program according to the characteristics of the elderly, to improve the effect.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 867-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921290

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel on the permeability of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in rats with chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CHPH), so as to clarify the mechanism of vascular endothelial dysfunction during the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension (PH). CHPH rat model was established by exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH) for 21 days. Primary PMVECs were cultured by adherent tissue blocks at the edge of the lung. The permeability coefficient of primary cultured PMVECs was detected by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran. The structure of tight junction (TJ) was observed by transmission electron microscope. The expression of TRPV4 and TJ-related proteins, such as, Occludin, Claudin-5, ZO-1 were examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypoxia/complications , Lung , Permeability , Rats , TRPV Cation Channels/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815552

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the correlation between aerobic exercise ability, pulmonary function and heart rate recovery ability of 7-12 year-old students under different altitudes, so as to provide evidence on the physiological changes of exercise and characteristics of altitude training among children and adolescents at different altitudes.@*Methods@#A total of 235 students aged 7-12 years old living at 3 240 m(Hi group), 300 students at 1 290 m(SubHi), and 300 students living between 1 290 m and 3 240 m (HiSubHi) were selected to perform 20-mSRT test, respiratory function test and heart rate recovery ability evaluation after quantitative load exercise.@*Results@#Performance on 20-mSRT, FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and V% of students aged 7-12 years at different altitudes showed an upward trend with the increase of age. After adjusting for altitudes, there were significant differences in average level of these indicators. Average level of 20-mSRT, FVC, FEV1%, FEV1% and V% in SubHi group were significantly higher than those in Hi group(P<0.05), and the HiSubHi group showed an upward trend compared with Hi group after 1-year adaptation to the sub-highland environment; Except for male FVC (r=0.33, P=0.24) and FEV1 (r=0.34, P=0.22) in HiSubHi group, and the male FEV1% (r=0.46, P=0.14) in SubHi group, all the indicators showed significant association with 20-mSRT(P<0.05); 20-mSRT was only significantly correlated with heart rate recovery ability among SubHi group (male: r=0.78, P<0.05); Female(r=0.81, P=0.01), there was no significant correlation between 20-mSRT and heart rate recovery ability in other groups(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The results suggest developmental characteristics of aerobic exercise ability, lung function and heart rate recovery ability among 7-12 years old students under different altitudes. The correlation among 20-mSRT, FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and V% might involve high altitude adaptation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862711

ABSTRACT

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder among children. The theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) does not have a special term of this disease, and classifies ADHD to the category of " forgetfulness" " dysphoria" " injudiciousness" according to its clinical manifestations. TCM theoretic and clinical systems for treating ADHD have been developed, but current pharmacodynamics studies of TCM on ADHD have mostly focused on neurotransmitter metabolic system and its receptor signaling pathway to reflect the advantages of multi-component and multi-target effect of TCM, but failed to demonstrate the scientific connotations of TCM theory, such as " coordination between kidney and brain" and " steady Yin and vexed Yang" , and ignored the delay in cortical maturation as the core neuropathology of ADHD. The symptoms relating to " restlessness of Yang" due to Yin deficiency that cannot inhibit hyperactivity of Yang, kidney-Yin deficiency and liver-Yang excess syndrome is the most common syndrome of ADHD, and TCMs with effect of invigorating kidney and filling sea of marrow are mostly used by TCM practitioners. According to anatomy basis of neuronal development disorder, the new theory of " energy metabolism dysfunction" , the pathogenesis hypothesis of sea of marrow development disorder and its relevant clinical practices and experimental studies, substantial basis studies of the therapy for " invigorating kidney and filling sea of marrow" , as well as pharmacodynamics study of <italic>Rehmannia glutinosa</italic> (Shudihuang) for treating ADHD, we put forward ADHD pathogenesis that " restlessness of Yang due to Yin deficiency" is related to the disorder of executive function due to the delay in cortical maturation, energy metabolism dysfunction and neurodevelopmental disorder, and regarded that TCMs with effect of invigorating kidney and filling sea of marrow are the most commonly used to treat ADHD, and improve delay in cortical maturation corresponding to sea of marrow insufficiency by regulating dysfunction of neurodevelopment and energy metabolism, so as to relieve the core symptoms of ADHD. The new treatment model of TCM with effect of invigorating kidney and filling sea of marrow for treating ADHD will provide a theoretical basis for improving the clinical efficacy of ADHD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3(NLRP3)/cysteine aspartate-specific protease(Caspase)-1 signaling pathway and esophageal inflammation by observing the effect of Xuanfu Daizhe Tang on the composition of inflammatory body and the expression of relevant inflammatory factors in rats with reflux esophagitis (RE), so as to explain the mechanism of Xuanfu Daizhe Tang in treating RE. Method:Sixty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups:the normal control group, the model control group, the Xuanfu Daizhe Tang group (9.89 g·kg-1) and the positive control group (omeprazole enteric-coated tablets+mosapride, 2.58 mg·kg-1), with 15 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, the remaining rats were operated by " 4.2 mm pyloric clip+2/3 gastric fundus ligation" to establish models. Since the 8th day after the operation, the rats were given corresponding drugs twice a day for 14 days. The arterial blood and esophageal tissues were taken out at the 15th day after the intervention. The pathological morphology of esophagus was observed by naked eyes and under light microscopy. The secretion of cytokines Caspase-1 and interleukin(IL)-1β in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-1β in esophagus were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the injury of esophageal mucosa in the model group was the most serious. Compared with the normal group, the levels of Caspase-1 and IL-1β in serum and the expression of NLRP3 protein in esophageal tissue of the model group were significantly increased (PPβ in serum of rats, and down-regulate the expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-1β protein in esophageal tissue (P0.05, PConclusion:Xuanfu Daizhe Tang can regulate the expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1, and reduce the content of IL-1β, suggesting that it may antagonize esophageal inflammatory response, reduce esophageal inflammatory injury and treat RE by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study on the antitumor mechanism of artesunate in the treatment of liver cancer based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Method: CellTiter-Glo® Luminescent Cell Viability Assay was used to detect activity of artesunate with different concentrations (0, 12.5, 25, 50, 100 μmol·L-1) on human liver cancer Huh7, SMMC-7721 cells for 24, 48, 72 h. GC-MS was employed to analyze the changes of metabolites of artesunate in two kinds of hepatoma cells (Huh7, SMMC-7721) for 24 h. The data was preprocessed by Postrun Analysis 4.41 workstation. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was used to analyze two sets of differential metabolites and to analyze metabolic pathways of differential metabolites based on MetaboAnalyst 3.0 software. Result: Compared with the normal group, after two kinds of liver cancer cells was treated by artesunate, a total of 39 identical metabolites in the cells have undergone significant changes, which were mainly related to five metabolic pathways,including biosynthesis of aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA), metabolism of alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid, metabolism of glycine, serine and threonine, metabolism of arginine and proline, metabolism of glutathione. Conclusion: Artesunate (12.5-100 μmol·L-1) can inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells (Huh7, SMMC-7721), it mainly involves five metabolic pathways, which may be the pathway of artesunate against liver cancer.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 750-755, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818057

ABSTRACT

Brain microdialysis (BMD) is a technique for continuous, on-line and real-time quantitative analysis for collected samples and it has been widely used in the quantitative detection of neurotransmitters in the brain in recent years. BMD has broad prospects in the research of neuropsychiatric diseases, but it is limited in studies because of its complicated operation, high cost, long time consuming, individual difference and poor reproducibility of the probe. Optimizing experimental design and developing multilocus microdialysis are main directions of research. Monitoring the changes of the metabolic state of the brain microenvironment in the neuropsychiatric diseases is another prospect of BMD. This article reviews the principle, characteristics and key points of brain microdialysis, along with the relationship between neurotransmitters and neuropsychiatric diseases, and the progress of microdialysis in neuropsychiatric diseases.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701621

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the retrograde contamination of drainage bag outlets,and provide basis for the formulation of related guideline for healthcare-associated infection(HAI)management. Methods On October 14,2016,with sterile manipulation,urine,5% glucose solution,glucose normal saline,sterile water,and 0.9% nor-mal saline were injected into anti-reflux drainage bags(anti-reflux group)and common drainage bags(common group)respectively,entrances of bags were sealed and bags were hung in two ways:outlets were 10 cm away from the ground(suspended group)and touched the ground(ground-touching group)respectively,specimens were col-lected from bag outlets to perform bacterial culture every 3 days,a total of 10 times of cultures were performed,re-trograde contamination of drainage bag outlets was observed dynamically.Results Retrograde contamination rate of drainage bag outlets of anti-reflux group was significantly lower than common group(7.7% vs 46.0%,P=0.000);suspended group was significantly lower than ground-touching group(17.9% vs 35.8%,P=0.000). Retrograde contamination rates of outlets of drainage bags filled with different properties of liquid were as follows:urine (54.3%)>5% glucose solution(34.5%)>glucose normal saline(24.3%)>0.9% normal saline(10.8%)>ste-rile water(10.5%),pairwise comparison showed a significant difference(P=0.000).The initial occurrence time of contamination in anti-reflux group and common group was on the 13thday and 7thday respectively,two group was significantly different on the 7thday(P=0.041). There was a medium intensity correlation between the types of drainage bags and liquid properties(PearsonC=0.5).Conclusion Different types of drainage bags,retention time,and liquid property can impact retrograde contamination of drainage bag outlets,regular urine culture during the use of drainage bags should be paid attention in clinical practice,so as to use antimicrobial agents rationally and guide replacement time of drainage bags.

11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 708-712, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693969

ABSTRACT

The renin angiotensin system(RAS)includes two counterbalance axes:the ACE/Ang Ⅱ/AT1 axis and the ACE2/Ang(1-7)/Mas axis.The RAS can regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in adipose tissue.Most of evi-dences demonstrated that the ACE/Ang Ⅱ/AT1 axis can induce glucose metabolism disorders in adipose tissue, while ACE2/Ang(1-7)/Mas axis improves glucose metabolism.The RAS,which is over activated in obese patient, has been considered to be a potential link among obesity,dyslipidemia and insulin resistance.The effect of ACE/AngⅡ/AT1 axis and ACE2/Ang(1-7)/Mas axis on lipid and glucose metabolism in adipose tissue should be futh-er investigated,and we may find a new target for improving glucose and lipid metabolism.

12.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 669-673, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693962

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of moxifloxacin(MXF)on inflammatory reaction of mice abdominal peritoneal macrophage induced by LPS.Methods The level of TLR4、SPHK1 and NF-κB mRNA was determined by realtime-PCR;The relative levels of TLR4、SPHK1 and NF-κB were determined by Western blot.TNF-αand IL-1 se-creted by macrophages were detected by ELISA.Results At low and medium concentration(8,16 mg/L)of the MXF have inhibitory effect on the increasing of TLR 4,SPHK1,NF-κB expression level and cell supernatant of TNF-αand IL-1 in LPS stimulation of mice peritoneal macrophages.High concentration(64 mg/L)of the MXF promoted the role of inflammation.Conclusions The MXF of low and medium concentrations can inhibit the inflammatory response in LPS stimulation of mice peritoneal macrophages,and high concentration of the MXF showed contrary effects.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1616-1619,1624, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691992

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of lumbosacral plexus block combined with the use of dexmedetomidine in elderly patients undergoing proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA).Methods A total of 60 patients received elective PFNA were divided into tracheal intubation combined with inhalation anesthesia group (group G) and ultrasound and nerve stimulator-guided lumbosacral plexus block following with dexmedetomidine infusion group (group N).Then we observed HR,SBP,DBP for both groups at the time entering the theater (T0),immediately after tracheal intubation or after dexmedetomidine infusion (T1),skin incision moment (T2) and 30 minutes after skin incision (T3).Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were assessed for both groups at the time point of 2,6,12,24 and 48 hours after surgery.The number of use of patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA),assessment of consciousness status 1-3 days after surgery,adverse reactions were recorded for both groups as well.The following post-surgery data were recorded:the time of first feeding,first urination and first ambulation,the length of hospitalization,the expense of hospital stay.Results HR,SBP,DBP of the group G changed more significantly at T1,T2,T3 than those of T0 (P<0.05).The VAS scores and the number of use of PCIA of group N were lower than those of group G at all time points after operation (P<0.05).The group N had lower CAM-CR scores and less adverse reactions of nausea and vomiting and dizziness than those of group G on days 1 to 3 after surgery (P<0.01).Compare to group G,the group N were early in terms of post-operation first feeding,first urination and first ambulation (P<0.01).The length of hospitalization was shorter and the cost of the hospital stay was lower in the group N than the group G (P<0.01).Conclusion Ultrasound and nerve stimulator-guided lumbosacral plexus block combined with low dose of dexmedetomidine could meet the needs of elderly patients undergoing PFNA.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689880

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Shudihuang on behaviors and expression of BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 in prefrontal cortex and striatum of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) model rats. Thirty 4-week-old spontaneous hypertension rats (SHR) were randomly divided into model group, methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH, 2 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) and Shudihuang group (2.4 g·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹). Another 10 Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were selected as normal control group. The 0.5% CMC-Na solution was administered to model group and WKY rats (2 mL·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹). All of the rats were treated for 4 weeks. The open field test was performed at the 14th and 28th days after gavage, in order to evaluate the spontaneous and impulsive behaviors. Subsequently, gene and protein expressions of BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 were tested by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Compared with model group, MPH and Shudihuang groups showed significant reduction in total distance, mean velocity and central distance in the open field test (<0.05), and Shudihuang group displayed a shorter central distance than MPH group (<0.05). RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis indicated that expressions of BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 were lower in prefrontal cortex and striatum of SHR compared with WKY rats. Four weeks later after administration, both Shudihuang and MPH significantly elevated mRNA and protein expressions of BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 (<0.05).In conclusion, neurodevelopmental disorder mediated by BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 was closely related with SHR rats' behaviors. Shudihuang may ameliorate the spontaneous and impulsive behaviors by up-regulating the expressions of BDNF/TrkB and NRG-3 and improving growth and maturation of neurons in SHR.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311523

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of gene polymorphisms of inflammattion related cytokines with incidence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) in Gansu Han population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The gene polymorphism of inflammation-related cytokines were detected by high-resolution melting(HRM) curve.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The homozygous CC genotype carrying IL-1RA rs4251961 gene locus was related with the risk of DLBCL in comparison with homozygous TT, the OR was 0.83 of homozygous CC, 95% CI=0.697-0.997,P<0.05), while the C allele of IL-1RA rs4251961 gene locus significantly correlated with the high incidence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma compared with T allele(OR=8.83, 95% CI=1.909-40.813,P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The minor allele C of IL-1RA rs4251961 gene locus significantly relates with the susceptibility to DLBCL.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333474

ABSTRACT

Mild encephalopathy/encephalitis with a reversible spleniat (MERS) lesion is a clinic-radiological entity.The clinical features of MERS in neonates are still not systemically reported.This paper presents five cases of MERS,and the up-to-date reviews of previously reported cases were collected and analyzed in the literature.Here we describe five cases clinically diagnosed with MERS.All of them were neonates and the average age was about 4 days.They were admitted for the common neurological symptoms such as hyperspasmia,poor reactivity and delirium.Auxiliary examinations during hospitalization also exhibited features in common.In this report,we reached following conclusions.Firstly,magnetic resonance imaging revealed solitary or comprehensive lesions in the splenium of corpus callosum,some of them extending to almost the whole corpus callosum.The lesions showed low intensity signal on Tl-weighted images,homogeneously hyperintense signal on T2-weighted images,fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and diffusion-weighted images,and exhibited an obvious reduced diffusion on apparent diffusion coefficient map.Moreover,the lesions in the magnetic resonance imaging disappeared very quickly even prior to the clinical recovery.Secondly,all the cases depicted here suffered electrolyte disturbances especially hyponatremia which could be easily corrected.Lastly,all of the cases recovered quickly over one week to one month and majority of them exhibited signs of infections and normal electroencephalography.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of baicalin on synaptosomal adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and its regulatory effect on the adenylate cyclase (AC)/cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)/protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway in rats with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 SHR rats were randomly divided into five groups: ADHD model, methylphenidate hydrochloride treatment (0.07 mg/mL), and low-dose (3.33 mg/mL), medium-dose (6.67 mg/mL), and high-dose (10 mg/mL) baicalin treatment (n=8 each). Eight WKY rats were selected as normal control group. Percoll density gradient centrifugation was used to prepare brain synaptosomes and an electron microscope was used to observe their structure. Colorimetry was used to measure the activities of ATPase and LDH in synaptosomes. ELISA was used to measure the content of AC, cAMP, and PKA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal control group, the ADHD model group had a significant reduction in the ATPase activity, a significant increase in the LDH activity, and significant reductions in the content of AC, cAMP, and PKA (P<0.05). Compared with the ADHD model group, the methylphenidate hydrochloride group and the medium- and high-dose baicalin groups had a significant increase in the ATPase activity (P<0.05), a significant reduction in the LDH activity (P<0.05), and significant increases in the content of AC, cAMP, and PKA (P<0.05). Compared with the methylphenidate hydrochloride group, the high-dose baicalin group had significantly greater changes in these indices (P<0.05). Compared with the low-dose baicalin group, the high-dose baicalin group had a significant increase in the ATPase activity (P<0.05); the medium- and high-dose baicalin groups had a significant reduction in the LDH activity (P<0.05) and significant increases in the content of AC, cAMP, and PKA (P<0.05). Compared with the medium-dose baicalin group, the high-dose baicalin group had a significant increase in the ATPase activity (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both methylphenidate hydrochloride and baicalin can improve synaptosomal ATPase and LDH activities in rats with ADHD. The effect of baicalin is dose-dependent, and high-dose baicalin has a significantly greater effect than methylphenidate hydrochloride. Baicalin exerts its therapeutic effect possibly by upregulating the AC/cAMP/PKA signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Metabolism , Adenylyl Cyclases , Physiology , Animals , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Drug Therapy , Cyclic AMP , Physiology , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Physiology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Signal Transduction , Synaptosomes , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of baicalin on the behavioral characteristics of rats with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and to provide a basis for further research on baicalin in the treatment of ADHD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 SHR rats were randomly divided into model group, methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose baicalin groups, with 8 rats in each group. Eight WKY rats were selected as normal control group. The rats in the MPH group (0.07 mg/mL) and the low- (3.33 mg/mL), medium- (6.67 mg/mL), and high-dose (10 mg/mL) baicalin groups were given the corresponding drugs (1.5 mL/100 g) by gavage twice a day, and those in the normal control group and the model group were given an equal volume of normal saline by gavage twice a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks for all groups. The open field test was performed to observe total moving distance and average moving speed on day 0 of experiment and at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after gavage and to evaluate the control effects of drugs on hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. The Morris water maze test was used to observe the latency, time spent in the target quadrant, and number of platform crossings and to evaluate the effects of drugs on attention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The open field test showed that the model group and the drug treatment groups had a significantly longer total moving distance and a significantly higher average moving speed than the normal control group on day 0 (P<0.05). On day 7, the MPH group had significant reductions in total moving distance and average moving speed compared with the model group (P<0.05). On day 14, the MPH group and the high-dose baicalin group had significant reductions in total moving distance and average moving speed compared with the model group (P<0.05). The data on days 21 and 28 showed that compared with the model group, the low-, medium-, and high-dose baicalin groups had gradual reductions in total moving distance and average moving speed (P<0.05). The water maze test showed that compared with the model group, the MPH group and the medium- and high-dose baicalin groups had a significantly longer time spent in the target quadrant (P<0.05), and the MPH group and the high-dose baicalin group had a significantly higher proportion of the moving distance in the target quadrant in total moving distance (P<0.05). The high-dose baicalin group had the highest number of platform crossings among all groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both baicalin and MPH can regulate the motor ability and learning and memory abilities of SHR rats with ADHD and thus control the core symptoms of ADHD, i.e., hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, and inattention. Baicalin exerts its effect in a dose-dependent manner, and high-dose baicalin has the most significant effect, but compared with MPH, it needs a longer time to play its therapeutic effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Behavior, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Flavonoids , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Maze Learning , Motor Activity , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 255-259, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512478

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy including respiratory exercise and vibration expectoration on patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery.Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted.Seventy-six patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University from September 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled.According to whether accept the pulmonary rehabilitation therapy or not,the patients were divided into two groups.In the control group (n =35),the convemional expectoration method was adopted.The patients in pulmonary rehabilitation group (n =41) received both methods of the control group and pulmonary rehabilitation treatment,including respiratory exercise (effective cough,lip reduction breathing),respiratory exercise device (respiratory exerciser tri-ball),and vibrated expectoration.The 24-hour sputum volume,degree of comfort,inflammatory and pulmonary function parameters,and recovery situation were recorded in the two groups.Results ① There were no significant differences in the parameters of inflammation and pulmonary function before treatment between the two groups.After treatment,the white blood cell (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in both groups were significantly decreased,and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) were significantly increased.The above changes in pulmonary rehabilitation group were more significant than those of the control group [WBC (× 109/L):11.12 ± 2.88 vs.13.42 ± 2.62 at 3 days,8.22 ± 1.48 vs.9.27 ± 1.92 at 5 days;CRP (mg/L):13.47 ± 4.77vs.16.03±4.94 at 3 days,9.69±1.56 vs.11.77±1.41 at 5 days;FEV1 (L):2.48±0.14 vs.2.29±0.16 at 3 days,FEV1/FVC:0.78±0.04 vs.0.75±0.04 at 3 days;all P < 0.05].② The 24-hour sputum volume within 3 days of pulmonary rehabilitation group were significantly higher than that of the control group (mL:30.51 ± 4.15 vs.18.30 ± 3.64at 1 day,31.08±3.22 vs.20.37±3.20 at 2 days,29.03±2.55 vs.19.03±2.51 at 3 days,all P < 0.01].③ In the pulmonary rehabilitation group,the recovery time of pulmonary infection symptoms (days:5.44 ± 1.45 vs.6.20 ± 1.55),the days of antibiotic use (days:12.61 ± 3.15 vs.15.03 ± 3.78),the time of getting out of the bed (days:4.05 ± 0.74vs.4.51±0.89),and the hospital days (days:19.95±3.90 vs.22.00±4.42) were significantly shorter than those of the control group (all P < 0.05),and the degree of comfort was significantly better than that of the control group (comfort score:2.71 ±0.90 vs.2.14±0.91,P < 0.01).Conclusion The application of pulmonary rehabilitation including respiratory exercise and vibration expectoration in abdominal surgery patients with pulmonary infection can promote recovery,and it has a good clinical and practical application value.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of miR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p in gastric cancer cells and gastric carcinoma tissues,analyze their target genes and enriching signal pathways using bioinformatics methods,and explore their biological behavior and function.Methods The expression levels of miR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p in gastric cancer cells with different differentiation such as high,middle or low differentiation,normal gastric mucosa cells,gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR,and their clinical significance was analyzed.The target genes of miR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p were predicted using 10 softwares affiliated to mirWALK web database,and the genes supported by more than three softwares were selected as target genes.The signal pathways of target genes were enriched by online DAVID 6.7 software.Results The expression levels of miR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p in gastric cancer cells with different differentiation were significantly higher than that in normal gastric mucosa cells (all P <0.05),and that in gastric cancer tissues higher than adjacent tissues (P < 0.05).The up-regulated expression of miR-20b-5p was closely related to lymph node metastasis and invasion depth (all P < 0.05).Bioinformatics analysis showed that the enriched target genes of miR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p existed in multiple signaling pathways associated with cancer.Conclusion MiR-20a-5p/miR-20b-5p may be a promising biomarker of gastric cancer,which is highly expressed in gastric cancer and is related to lymph node metastasis and invasion depth.

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