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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 565-569,573, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792511

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the immunity levels of pertussis and diphtheria among healthy people in Wenzhou City,and to provide scientific evidence for the effective control of the two diseases.Methods Stratified sampling method was applied in this investigation and 1 350 healthy people were investigated and provided serum samples.Vaccine immunization of pertussis and diphtheria and demographic characteristics were also collected.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was conducted to detect pertussis and diphtheria antibodies.Those with more than 1 00 IU/ml aged more than 3 years were also investigated the disease history.The estimated infection rate of pertussis for population aged more than 3 years was based on the test results.The attenuation trend of pertussis and diphtheria immunity levels after vaccination was analyzed contrastively.Results The antibody positive rate to pertussis was 36. 52%,and the median of antibody concentration was 1 9. 45 IU/m1 .The antibody positive rate and concentration was highest among 36 -60 years old people (64. 29%,36. 39 IU/ml ).The vaccination rate of population with more than 3 doses of DPT (Diphtheria Toxoid -Pertussis Vaccine-Tetanus Toxoid)was 95. 80%,and the corresponding positive rate was 24. 36%.The positive rate was 28. 57% in 0-3 month and 1 0. 71% in 1 0 -1 2 month after vaccination.The antibody concentration to pertussis had a negative correlation with days after vaccination(r=-0. 22,P<0. 05).The proportion of subjects with more than 1 00 IU/ml in population aged more than 3 years was 7. 91%.The estimated infection rate of pertussis for population aged more than 3 years was 49. 27%.The antibody positive rate to diphtheria was 96. 00%,and the median of antibody concentration was 0. 1 3 IU/m1 . The positive rate was highest (1 00%) among 1 -2 years old people and lowest (82. 5%) among newborns.Antibody positive rate (protective rate)and antibody concentration to diphtheria of population which had more doses of DPT or had vaccinated with DT were higher than those had not (P<0. 05 ).The sustainability of vaccine to diphtheria was higher than pertussis after vaccination of DPT.Conclusion Residents in Wenzhou are generally vulnerable to pertussis.Natural infection is considered to be an important influencing factor for the level of pertussis.The level of diphtheria antibodies in Wenzhou is high.The vaccine containing diphtheria is considered useful for children.However,it is suggested to conduct diphtheria booster immunization in older age group.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789321

ABSTRACT

[ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of anaphylactic rash after vaccination in Ouhai District of Wenzhou City during 2008-2013. [ Methods ] Data on anaphylactic rash cases reported during 2008-2013 were collected through the national AEFI information management system.And descriptive epidemiologic methodology was used in this study. [ Results] A total of 111 anaphylactic rash cases were reported in Ouhai District during 2008-2013,the reported incidence rate of anaphylactic rash were 3.58 per million doses.The ratio of male-female was 1.27:1.Cases of ≤1 year old accounted for 65.77%.Those without fever accounted for 75.68%.The number of the reports for the third quarter of the year accounted for 41.44%of the total.The cases of anaphylactic rash mostly occurred within 24 h after immunization(81.08%) .The top three vaccines reported in occurrence of rash were measles and rubella at-tenuated live vaccine(35.14%), diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis combined vaccine(18.92%), and A(H1N1)influenza vaccine(5.41%).The reported rates for the top three vaccines were 115.85, 29.33,13.07 per million doses for 7-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine,measles and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine, A(H1N1) influenza vaccine,respectively. [Conclusion] Differential diagnosis of anaphylactic rashes needs to be more stressed.Most anaphylactic rash were reported in the expected range,but still monitoring analysis on incidence of allergic rash should be enhanced.Vac-cines with higher incidence of rash reported should be further studied and analyzed.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 263-265,271, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792290

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine (MCV1 )by using the incidence of measles in Wenzhou City.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze measles cases that reported in Wenzhou city from 2007 to 2012 and evaluate the immunization coverage of the first dose of measles containing vaccine.Results The average annual incidence rate was 10.46/100 000 from 2007 to 2012,and the annual incidence rate was 43.44/100 000 for children aged from 8 months to 83 months (42.59%).Based on the proportion of immunized measles cases vaccine effectiveness (VE)of MCV,the evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 73.80% (VE=90%)or 84.92% (VE=95%)in children aged from 13 to 83 months.The evaluated coverage rate of MCV1 was 83.25%(VE=90%)or 90.86%(VE=95%)in local children and 69.5 1%(VE=90%)or 82.02%(VE=95%)in migrating children.The timely immunization rate of MCV1 was 59.48% (VE =90%)or 74.59% (VE =95%).Conclusion The coverage rate and timely coverage rate of MCV1 are still low.It is important to strengthen the management of migrating population and enhance propaganda to ensure a high level vaccination rate to accelerate the elimination of measles.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 598-601, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273132

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the situation of the natural infection of hantaviruses (HV) in small mammals and to provide evidence for the control and prevention of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Longquan area,Zhejiang province. Methods Small mammals were captured by night trap, and lung tissue samples were collected and stored in liquid nitrogen. HV antigens were detected by indirect immuno-fluorescence assay (IFA). The partial S genome segment sequences were amplified by RT-PCR. DNAStar program was used for editing and comparing the sequences. Phylogeny was analyzed through PAUP*4.0 software. Results 319 small animals were collected in Longquan, and 9 hantavirus antigen-positive samples were identified. The positive rate of hantavirus in Apodemus agrarius was 4.97% . Phylogenetic tree constructed by partial S segment (620-999 nt) showed that the 9 strains carried by A agrarius from Longquan all belonged to HTNV,and had a closer evolutionary relationship with isolate Z251 from Zhejiang province. Conclusion Our results indicated that the main host was A. agrarius and the infection rate of HTNV was high in Longquan area.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 916-919, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277761

ABSTRACT

Objective Complete S and M segments of two Seoul virus (SEOV) strains were obtained to determine their genetic types and characteristics. Methods The complete S and M segments from the isolate Li and lung tissue (sample LF18) were amplified by RT-PCR. Genetic analyses were performed by using DNAStar and PHYLIP program package. Results Their sequences consisted of 1772 nucleotides, and had an open reading frame (ORF, 43 to 1332 nt)encoding a nucleoprotein of 429 amino acids for both two strains. The complete M segment sequences consisted of 3653 nucleotides and had an ORF encoding a GnGc precursor of 1133 amino acids. The GnGc precursor of the two strains had 62 cysteine and 6 N-glycosylation sites. Both two strains shared a high degree of homology with other known SEOV strains including strains L99, Gou3, and vaccine strain Z37, with 87.6% to 99.2% and 83.6% to 97.3% nucleotide identities, respectively. On the S-and M- trees, the two strains LF18 and Li were grouped into the third cluster of SEOV. Conclusion Both LF18 and Li strains belonged to SEOV and shared the congruent genetic characteristics with the vaccine strains Z37. Thus, the bivalent vaccine including the strain Z37 could effectively prevent HFRS which was caused by SEOV in Hebei province.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1030-1034, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341008

ABSTRACT

Objective Genetic analysis was performed to infer the relationship between hantaviruses carried by Rattus norvegicus from Henan and Neimenggu provinces and the other known hantavirus and the vaccine strain. Methods Total RNA was extracted from lung tissues with Trizol reagent. The complete M and S segment sequences of strains NM133 and Q12 were amplified by RT-PCR. The purified DNA fragments were directly subjected to sequencing, and then to sequence analysis and phylogenetic analysis. Results The complete S segment sequences of strains NM133 and Q12 were found to be 1770 nt and 1772 nt in length respectively, with one open reading frame encoding 429 amino acids. The complete M segment sequences of both two strains are 3654 nucleotide in length encoding a protein of 1133 amino acids. The two strains shared a high degree of homology with most of known Seoul virus (SEOV) but quite different from Hantaan virus and other hantaviruses. Furthermore, the nucleoprotein and glycoprotein of the two strains had the congruent structure with the vaccine strain Z37. On the S- and M-phylogenetic trees, both strains (NM133 and Q12) were grouped into the first cluster of SEOV, and were more closely related to the strains, such as: Hb8610, R22, HB55, L99, and K24-e7. Conclusion Both strains (NM133 and Q12) belonged to SEOV, and sharing a high degree of homology and similar secondary structure with strains including the vaccine strains Z37, our data suggested that the present vaccine used in China could effectively prevent HFRS caused by SEOV.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 891-894, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298358

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological features of hantavirus in rodents in Wenzhou,Zhejiang province.Methods Rodents were captured in Wenzhou,where hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) had been endemic. Hantavirus antigens in the rat lungs were detected by immunofluorescence assay (IFA).Partial S segment (nt 620-999) and partial M segment (nt 2001-2301)sequences were amplified by RT-PCR,and then sequenced.Neighbor-joining method was used to construct for phylogenetic analysis.Results A total of 96 rodents were trapped in the epidemic areas,and 6 hantavirus antigens were identified from these lung samples (6.3%).Partial S and partial M segment sequences were successfully recovered from 5 samples and determined. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences indicated that all viruses belonged to Seoul virus (SEOV),regardless of the sources (Rattus norvegicus,Rattus tanezumi and Rattus rattoide) that they were derived. However,the clustering pattern in the partial S-tree was different from that in the partial M-tree,suggesting that the re-assortment between SEOVs had occurred.Conclusion All Rattus rats carried SEOV in Wenzhou and the genetic reassortment with SEOV had occurred naturally.

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