Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of milk intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause-specific mortality remained controversial and evidence among the Chinese population was limited. We aimed to study the relationship between milk intake and CVDs among general Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#A total of 104,957 participants received questionnaire survey. Results of physical examination such as anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests during 2007 to 2008, demographic data and their information on milk intake were collected through standardized questionnaires. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CVD incidence, cause-specific mortality and all-cause mortality related to milk intake. Restricted cubic splines (RCSs) were applied to examine dose-response associations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 91,757 participants with a median follow-up period of 5.8 years, we documented 3877 CVD cases and 4091 all-cause deaths. Compared with participants who never consumed milk, the multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of CVD incidence for 1 to 150 g/day, 151 to 299 g/day, and ≥300 g/day were 0.94 (0.86-1.03) (P > 0.05), 0.77 (0.66-0.89) (P < 0.05), and 0.59 (0.40-0.89) (P < 0.05), respectively; each 100 g increase of daily milk intake was associated with 11% lower risk of CVD incidence (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.94; P < 0.001), and 11% lower risk of CVD mortality (HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97; P = 0.008) after adjustment for age, sex, residential area, geographic region, education level, family history of CVD, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level, body mass index, and healthy diet status (ideal or not). RCS analyses also showed a linear dose-response relationship with CVD (P for overall significance of the curve <0.001; P for non-linearity = 0.979; P for linearity <0.001) and stroke (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.010; P for non-linearity = 0.998; P for linearity = 0.002) incidence, and CVD mortality (P for overall significance of the curve = 0.045; P for non-linearity = 0.768; P for linearity = 0.014) within the current range of daily milk intake.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787704

ABSTRACT

To understand the status of child health services by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan province and provide evidence for the development of health policy for poverty alleviation. Annual child health records in the primary medical institutions selected through multistage stratified sampling in 21 prefectures in Sichuan were extracted during 2014-2018. Field survey and telephone interview were used to evaluate the performance of child health services provided and the child guardian's satisfaction degree. Sample descriptive statistics, pair sample -test, (2) test, trend (2) test, Pearson correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health service in less developed areas in Sichuan were on rise (<0.05), and close to average level of whole province in 2018. Except child system management rate, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were lower than those in developed counties in Sichuan, most differences were significant (<0.05). Except child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine, the other indicators reflecting the status of child health management in less developed counties were higher than those in poverty-stricken counties in Sichuan, most differences were not significant (≥0.05). Except child systematic management rate, the gap in indicators reflecting child health service status between less developed area and developed area was in reduction, some difference were significant (<0.05). The child guardian satisfaction degree was associated with true child health management rates (=0.947, =0.015), and child health management rate of traditional Chinese medicine (=0.996, <0.001). Some achievements have been made in child health services provided by primary medical institutions in less developed areas in Sichuan. To achieve the 2020 poverty alleviation goal, it is necessary to take measures to increase input and improve service level.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296536

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between selenium levels and diabetes in an older population with life-long natural exposure to selenium in rural China. A total of 1856 subjects aged 65 years or older from four Chinese rural counties with different environmental selenium levels were evaluated. Analysis of covariance models and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between nail selenium levels and serum glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance [using the Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)], and the risk of diabetes. The mean nail selenium level was 0.461 μg/g and the prevalence rate of diabetes was 8.3% in this population. The mean nail selenium level was significantly higher in the group with diabetes than in the group without diabetes (P<0.0001). The adjusted odds ratios for diabetes were 2.65 (95% CI: 1.48 to 4.73), 2.47 (95% CI: 1.37 to 4.45), and 3.30 (95% CI: 1.85 to 5.88) from the second selenium quartile to the fourth quartile, respectively, compared with the first quartile group. The mean serum glucose and HOMA-IR in the higher selenium quartile groups were significantly higher than those of the lowest quartile group. However, no significant differences in insulin were observed among the four quartile groups. A long-term, higher level of exposure to selenium may be associated with a higher risk of diabetes. Future studies are needed to elucidate the association between selenium and insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nails , Metabolism , Rural Population , Selenium , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of ultra-early hyperbaric oxygenation on spinal edema and hind limb motor function in rats with complete spinal cord transection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-five healthy 3-month-old female SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group (n=15), complete spinal cord transection group (CSCT group, n=20) and hyperbaric oxygen group (HBO group, n=20). The rats in the sham-operated group underwent only laminectomy, while those in the other 2 groups underwent CSCT at the T10 level. The rats in HBO group were placed in an oxygen chamber 3 h after the operation for 10 days as a treatment course, and 3 treatment courses were administered at the interval of 6 days. In the first treatment course, 2 hyperbaric oxygenation sessions were given daily, and in the following 2 course, only 1 session was given daily. The recovery of hindlimb motor function was evaluated using the open-field Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) scoring system once a week for 6 weeks. All the rats were sacrificed 6 weeks after the operation to measure the water content in the injured tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The BBB scores of CSCT group and HBO group gradually increased with the passage of time after the operation, and from week 2 to week 6, HBO group had significantly higher scores than CSCT group (P<0.05). The water content was markedly increased in CSCT group at 6 weeks after the operation as compared with that in the sham-operated group (P<0.01), and significantly reduced in HBO group in comparison with that in the CSCT group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ultra-early HBO can suppress spinal cord edema and promote hindlimb locomotor recovery in rats with complete spinal cord transection.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Edema , Pathology , Female , Hindlimb , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Motor Activity , Physiology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Injuries , Pathology , Therapeutics , Time Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the relationship between bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and cross-linked N-telopeptides of type I collegen(NTX) and bone mineral density in healthy men aged 20-80.@*METHODS@#BAP and NTX of 389 healthy men were measured by ELISA. BMD at the lumbar spine and the hip as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The correlation of bone biochemical markers with age and BMD fit 10 regression models.@*RESULTS@#BAP and NTX negatively correlated with age. The cubic regression model was better with age-related changes of bone biochemical markers as compared with the other regression models and the coefficients of determination of fitting curve were 0.013-0.029 (P< 0.05). The value of bone biochemical markers as the highest during 20-29 age groups, then they decreased to a nadir level in the 50-59 years age. After 60 years, bone formation markers remained stable; however resorption marker increased slightly. After adjustment for age, weight, height, BMI, and smoking, bone biochemical markers were negatively correlated with most sites of BMD.@*CONCLUSION@#BAP and NTX may be relatively sensitive and specific markers to evaluate age-related changes of bone turnover. It may benefit the prevention of osteoporosis by monitoring the level of BAP and NTX.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Bone and Bones , Metabolism , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Peptides , Metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the relationship of serum leptin concentration and bone mineral density(BMD), body fat mass in males.@*METHODS@#Plasma concentrations of leptin in 350 Chinese males, aged 20 to 80 years were measured with ELISA; BMD values at lumbar spine, hip and total body BMD, and body composition, including lean tissue mass (LTM) and fat tissue mass (FTM), were measured using dual-energy-X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The relationship between changes in serum leptin concentration with age, body weight, body mass index, body fat mass, and BMD values at 5 skeletal sites was fit by 10 regression models, and the models giving the best fit were selected.@*RESULTS@#The S regression model best described the changes in serum leptin level with age (R(2)=0.104, P<0.009), while the compound regression model best described the changes in serum leptin concentration with BMI and weight (R(2)=0.296, P<0.001; R(2) =0.304, P<0.001). Leptin concentration was correlated with FTM (R(2)=0.448, P<0.001) and rate of body fat(R(2)=0.461, P<0.001). The serum leptin level was significantly correlated with BMD of multiple skeletal sites (R(2) was 0.115 for anterior spine BMD, 0.102 for lateral spine BMD,0.098 for femoral neck BMD, 0.112 for total hip BMD, respectively). In a multivariate analysis, leptin concentration was not a significant predictor of BMD at any site.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum leptin concentration correlates with body fat mass and percentage of body fat, but is not a significant predictor of BMD at any site in Chinese males.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Density , Humans , Leptin , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331706

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of puerarin against myocardial injury in patients with hypertension during perioperational period.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-four patients with hypertension underwent general anesthesia were randomly divided into the control group and the puerarin group, 500mg puerarin was given to the puerarin group 1hr before anesthesia induction by venoclysis and to the control group, normal saline was given instead. The concentration of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and isoenzyme of creatine kinase containing M and B subunits (CK-MB) were measured before anesthesia induction and 2 hrs after operation respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum concentration of cTnI and CK-MB were insignificantly different in the two groups before induction, the two indexes increased in different degrees (P <0.01) 2 hrs after operation in both groups, but the increments in the puerarin group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P< 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stress of operation and anesthesia could induce myocardial injury in patients with hypertension, which can be prevented by puerarin medicated during perioperational period.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia, General , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Isoflavones , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Perioperative Care , Phytotherapy , Troponin I , Blood
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676451

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of PTH gene polymorphisms on bone mineral density (BMD) at multiple skeletal sites in normal females.Methods PTH gene phenotype was determined by PCR-RFLP of restriction enzyme Bst BⅠin 596 females aged (46.3?13.7) years (20-80 years),and PCR products with or without enzymolytic site were considered as genotype B or genotype b respectively.BMDs of the anteropesterior spine (AP) and supine lateral spine (Lat) of lumbar vertebrae (L_1-L_4),femoral neck (FN),total hip (T-hip), Ward's triangle (Ward),Trochanter (Troch),forearm [radius+ulna ultradistal (RUUD) and total area of radius + ulna (RUT) ] were measured by DEXA (QDR4500A).Results (1) Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was evident for PTH polymorphisms.The frequencies of genotype were BB 0.784,Bb 0.208,bb 0.008 and frequencies of alleles B,b were 0.888 and 0.112 respectively in 596 normal females.Frequencies of BB,Bb,bb genotypes were 0.781,0.210,and 0.009 respectively in 347 postmenopausal women and their frequencies of alleles B,b were 0.886,0.114.No significant difference was found between post- and premenopausal women in genotype frequen- cy.(2) Comparing their BMDs of AP,Lat,FN,T-hip,Ward,Troch,RUUD and RUT,there was no significant difference between BB and Bb genotypes of pre- and postmenopansal women groups.(3) Logistic regression analysis failed to show any statistical difference between normal and osteoporosis women with regard to PTH phenotype.Conclusion PTH gene polymorphism has little effect on BMD in normal females.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676448

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of genistein and 17?-estradiol on microstructure of cancellous bone in ovariectomized (OVX) rats.Methods Ninty 7-month-old SD rats were randomly divided into baseline group,ovariectomized (OVX),sham-operated (SHAM),17?-estradiol treated (10?g?kg~(-1).day~(-1),EST) and genistein treated (5 mg?kg~(-1)?day~(-1),GEN) groups,and were killed at the beginning of the experiment,the 3rd and 15th week after operation.MicroCT scanning was performed on the left tibia in vitro.The regions involving 0.5 mm slice thickness and 1.6 mm distal to the tibial growth plate were selected as the regions of interest.Results At the 3rd week after operation,the tissue bone mineral density (tBMD) and trabecular thickness (sTh.Th) in group GEN were significantly higher than those in OVX and EST groups (all P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676438

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe apelin and its receptor (APJ) expressions in human osteoblasts and evaluate the effect of apelin on osteoblasts.Methods The expressions of apelin and APJ in human osteoblasts were tested by RT-PCR and Western blot.After human osteoblasts were treated with apelin,cell proliferation was measured by [~3H] thymidine incorporation and cell counting.Cell function was measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity,the secreted osteocalcin level and typeⅠcollagen production .The activation of signaling cascades was tested by Western blot.Small-interfering RNA (siRNA) to blockade APJ was applied to observe effects of apelin on cell proliferation and the activation of signaling cascades.Results Both apelin and APJ were expressed in human osteoblasts.Apelin increased the proliferation and did not show the influences on ALP activity, osteocalcin secretion and type I collagen production in human osteoblasts.Apelin induced activation of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) downstream effector (Akt),but not mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) such as c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK),p38 and ERK1/2 in human osteoblasts.Suppression of APJ with siRNA or LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) abolished the apelin-induced cell proliferation and the activation of Akt.Conclusion Human osteoblasts express apelin and APJ.Apelin stimulates the proliferation of human osteoblast via APJ/PI3K/Akt pathway,but has no effect on osteoblast differentiation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL