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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 614-618, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777456

ABSTRACT

The Dendrobium species are rare and endangered medicinal plants, and it is difficult to investigate their wild resources with conventional methods because of typical epiphytic herbaceous. We explored Dendrobium resources(include culture resource) of Qinba Mountains and the boundary Mountain area in Hubei, Chongqing using the methods of literatures and field investigation, and found that the cultural base of Dendrobium were profound in Qinba Mountains region. Furthermore, its germplasm resources of Dendrobium were established for the first time in Wanzhou Luotian town. In case the advantages of local rock resources and poverty alleviation demand, we have actively carried out the cultivating mode of Dendrobium which grow on rock, and the poverty alleviation model of local characteristic Dendrobium industry were established preliminarily. Our application case can provide reference for the mining and transformation of traditional Chinese medicine resources census results.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Economics , China , Dendrobium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Poverty
2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 312-317, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700387

ABSTRACT

Soxhlet extraction is a common method of sample preparation. However, there has been no discussion about the efficiency of Soxhlet extraction from different batches and the factors that cause content fluctuation. In this study, Panax ginseng was selected as a model sample. Soxhlet extraction by means of a water bath, which has always been neglected, was identified as a novel key factor in the poor repeat-ability in different batches of Soxhlet extraction, as it can affect the siphon times and reflux time, which have been positively correlated with the ginsenoside contents. By substituting round bottom flasks in the same column, the relative standard deviation of the most fluctuated compound, ginsenoside Rb1, was decreased from 24.6% to 5.02%. Scanning electron microscopy analysis confirmed that the breakdown of the surface of the ginseng powder in the Soxhlet extraction led to a better dissolution of ginsenosides, indicating that chloroform may promote the extraction of ginsenosides by disrupting the cell structure. Moreover, 70% methanol was regarded as the better solvent for extracting the ginsenosides. Overall, this work offers a practical and effective protocol for improving the accuracy and repeatability of Soxhlet extraction methodology for ginsenosides and other analytes.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4837-4841, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771563

ABSTRACT

In order to study the distribution and dynamics growth of wild Dipsacus asper resources in the Wulong district of Chongqing, 9 sample plots were selected for 12 consecutive months in the natural distribution area of the D. asper in Wulong district by using the sample line + plot survey method to conduct a field survey. The results showed that D.asper was distributed in forest edge wasteland or shrub-grassland, and growbetter with loose yellow-brownsoil or red soil, and poor with lithologic soil or impounded surface water.The growth curve of the plant height from June to July and the ground fresh weight from July to August showed a turning point, it might consume large amounts of nutrients during its flowering period, resulting in the restriction of vegetative growth.The highest temperature in the distribution area of D.asperoides in Wulong district is less than 30 °C, the minimum temperature is about 0 °C, and the rainfall is 1 241-1 392 mm. Its growth environment is no severecold in winter, no heat in summer, and abundant rainfall.The main growth stage of D.asper is from July to October, and the range of root dry rate was 0.162 5-0.239 7 in Xiangkou, 0.154 9-0.223 6 in Baima Mountain, and 0.143 7-0.203 3 Xiannv Mountain. The vegetative growth and dry matter accumulation synchronized in the main growth stage, and the accumulation rate of dry matter was faster than that of vegetative growth. The correlation analysis between indicators and root fresh weight showed that the fresh weight of the aerial part and root fresh weight had the best correlation.


Subject(s)
Dipsacaceae
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2740-2746, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687391

ABSTRACT

An HPLC method was developed for the determination of iridoid glycosides (loganin acid, loganin, sweroside) and saponins (asperosaponin Ⅵ) in the wild Dipsacus asper. A total of 108 samples consecutive growing 12 month were collected in 9 plots in Wulong district of Chongqing. Subsequent analysis of the content of loganin acid, loganin, sweroside and asperosaponin Ⅵ was performed by HPLC to evaluate the quality. In addition, 20 climate data provided by the world climate database (http://www.worldclim.org/) was analyzed to deduce the correlation between the growing environment factors and the active ingredient content accumulation of D. asperoides and choose the apposite growing environment for D. asper. The range of active ingredient content in wild D. asper were 0.01%-3.80%(loganin acid), 0.08%-0.62%(loganin), 0.12%-0.78%(sweroside), 0.64%-5.26%(asperosaponin Ⅵ). The highest content of these active ingredients was concentrated from February to April, with 2.64% of loganin acid, 0.36% of loganin), 0.57% of sweroside, and 3.09% of asperosaponin Ⅵ. The method used for determination of the active ingredient content in D. asper was simple and convenient with accurate result. The selection of the quadrats is scientific and reasonable and can be used for the analysis of the contents of the wild D. asper, thus provide a reference for quality evaluation of D. asper and protection of D. asper resources.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4341-4345, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338272

ABSTRACT

After the end of the national and local medicine resources census work, a large number of Chinese medicine resources and distribution of data will be summarized. The species richness between the regions is a valid indicator for objective reflection of inter-regional resources of Chinese medicine. Due to the large difference in the size of the county area, the assessment of the intercropping of the resources of the traditional Chinese medicine by the county as a statistical unit will lead to the deviation of the regional abundance statistics. Based on the rule grid or grid statistical methods, the size of the statistical unit due to different can be reduced, the differences in the richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources are caused. Taking Chongqing as an example, based on the existing survey data, the difference of richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources under different grid scale were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the 30 km grid could be selected and the richness of Chinese medicine resources in Chongqing could reflect the objective situation of intercropping resources richness in traditional Chinese medicine better.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4441-4444, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338255

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium hypoglaucum is an endangered species in arid areas of Xiannvshan Chongqing, China. The dynamic characteristics of seed rain and soil seed bank of T. hypoglaucum were studied in this paper.Results showed that T. hypoglaucum years of mature seeds distribution number up to October; the seed rain occurred from the last ten-day of September to in the first ten-day of November and the peak of scattered seed rain concentrated in the October.The numbers of soil seed bank at 2-5 cm soil layer,mainly concentrated in the 1.5-3.5 m range. T. hypoglaucum seeds to the wind as a force for transmission, the transmission ability is strong, but in the process of natural reproduction, full mature seed rate is low, the soil seed bank seeds seed short-lived factors these were unfavorable for the natural reproduction of T. hypoglaucum population.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 319-325, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230952

ABSTRACT

We studied the content of chemical compositions and correlation among species of Tripterygium genus by principal component analysis(PCA) and variance analysis(ANOVA), and we also studied the difference among the 3 species.Using [BMIm]PF6 ionic liquid-based ultrasonic-assisted extraction, we determined the contents of 11 compounds including wilforgine, wilforzine, triptophenolide, wilforine, triptoquinone A, triptolide, tripterin, egallocatechin, epigallocatechin, catechin, and epicatechin in 28 batches of the Tripterygium species by HPLC and PCA. Partial least squares analysis (PLS) and ANOVA were also performed to verify the results.The analysis results of PCA and PLS showed that three species of Tripterygium genus were clustered into three regions respectively, and triptoquinone A was the important factor which affected the aggregation of these three species.There was a significant difference among the contents of 11 chemical components in the three species(P<0.000 1).These results indicated that there was a certain correlation between the chemical compositions and the classification of the species, and the difference of the chemical compositions among the three species was obvious. In this work, the content determination method is rapid and accurate, and the analysis method is simple and convenient, which provides a reference for the classification, the efficacy and the toxicity of the species.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4474-4478, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272670

ABSTRACT

Medicinal animal breeding standards is regarded as the law to normalize relevant production that can guarantee the quality of traditional Chinese medicine of animal category. The article summarized the medicinal animal resources in our country and the present condition of medicinal animal breeding standards. It considered the current animal breeding standards system was in adequate, not only the quantity of breeding standards, the standard content and index were also uncomprehensive, which is not conducive to the scientific and orderly development and utilization of medicinal animal resources. The article pointed out that the development of the basic standards, environmental control, feed quality, raising management, inspection and quarantine should be included into the medicinal animal breeding standards, and the medicinal animal breeding standards content framework was introduced. Meanwhile, animal welfare, biological safety and file management should be concerned during the process of research. Hope the article has good reference value to medicinal animal breeding standards establishment and production management.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4277-4282, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341869

ABSTRACT

To understand Lophatherum gracile plant community's structural characteristics, a survey of community structure and species diversity was conducted through quadrat sampling in Yongchuan district of Chongqing. The results showed that there were 386 species vascular plants, belonging to 117 families and 229 genera. Based on habitat, community structure and species composition, L. gracile were found in three community types: Pinus massoniana community, banboo community, shurb community. Vertical structure was composed of three layers, including tree layer, shrub layer and herb layer. Species in shrub layer was the richness. P. massoniana is the only dominant species of the community, it can not regenerate naturally, the shrub layer has a greater effect on the community of L. gracile in the future. In addition, the banboo community and shurb community is not stable because of human's activity. Therefore, the community characters of L. gracile should be taken care of conservation when the resources are utilized.


Subject(s)
China , Ecosystem , Pinus , Physiology , Plants , Poaceae , Physiology
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 110-114, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350998

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the varieties, resoures and identification authentication of Guoshangye used in Tuja and Miao's folk.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Through field investigations and comparing the collected specimens and literatures, the classification and identification of the species were studied.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>Origin of Guoshangye plant was from Pholidota yunnanensis, Bulbophyllum andersonii, B. odoratissimum, B. kamgtimgemse, ect. their morphological characters were identified. Due to limited resource of Guoshangye, the development and protection should be paid more attention.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Analgesics , Pharmacology , Antitussive Agents , Pharmacology , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , History, 19th Century , History, Medieval , Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Pharmacognosy , History , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1937-1940, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246049

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detemine the genetic diversity of Coptis chinensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>32 germplasmic resources of C. chinensis were analyzed by ISSR molecular markers. To make up the systematic diagram of genetic relationship by TREECONW software and clustered by UPGMA method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A total of 106 ISSR bands were scored, among which 51 were polymorphic bands. The average percentage of polymorphic bands was 48. 1%. Genetic similarity coefficient were changed from 0. 825 8 to 0. 935 1. By cluster analysis, the geographical distribution is not very obvious, but it was also showed some of the C. chinensis from the same region were in the same group which presented the law of geographical distribution in the tested materials.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different germplasms diversity of C. chinensis is low and the relationship of C. chinensis is close.</p>


Subject(s)
Biodiversity , China , Cluster Analysis , Coptis , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Genetic Variation , Plant Leaves , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Genetics , Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid , Genetics
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