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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 217-220,224, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD)among perinatal infants in Hangzhou City and to explore risk factors of congenital heart disease in order to provide suggestions for CHD's prevention.Methods A hospital -based case -control study was carried out.Cases and controls were interviewed.By means of univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis,risk factors were analyzed.Results The incidence of CHD from 2009 to 2013 was 62.73 per 10,000.Of 176 perinatal infants with CHD,109 were single deformity and 67 were composite deformities of heart.The logistic regression analysis showed that maternal contact with harmful drugs during early pregnancy (OR =3.350,95%CI =1.024 -13.992),maternal respiratory infection during early pregnancy (OR =4.235,95%CI =1.275-18.735),abnormal childbearing history (OR =3.679,95%CI =1.102 -14.113),maternal smoking (OR =4.229, 95%CI =1.167 -15.782)and elderly parturient women (OR =2.974,95%CI =1.213 -16.372)were the risk factors of CHD.And maternal folic acid supplementation (OR =0.275,95% CI =0.079 -0.982 )was the protective factor. Conclusion It's of great importance to avoid risk factors and supply folic acid properly during pregnancy to prevent CHD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355556

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of curcumin on the apoptosis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced H9c2 myocardial cells and the expression of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) and its phosphorylation state.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>I/R of H9c2 cells in vitro was simulated by an ischemic Tyrode solution. Cells were randomly divided into 3 groups, i.e., the model group (exposed to ischemic solution for 90 min followed by 30 min reperfusion with the normal Tyrode solution), the curcumin group (7.5 micromol/L curcumin added at the onset of reperfusion for 30 min), and the control group (exposed to normal Tyrode solution for 120 min). Then, the cell apoptosis was detected in 3 groups by flow cytometry. The expression levels of GSK-3, phosphotyrosine-GSK-3 (pTyr-GSK-3), and phosphoserine-GSK-3 (pSer-GSK-3) were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group,the apoptosis rate was obviously enhanced in the model group (t = 10.439, P = 0.000). And the relative expression levels of both pTyr-GSK-3 and pSer-GSK-3 significantly increased in the model group (t = 5.208, P = 0.006; t = 5.854, P = 0.004, respectively). Compared with the model group, the apoptosis rate and the expression of pTyr-GSK-3 significantly decreased in the curcumin group (t = -8.325, P = 0.001; t = -3.607, P = 0.023). Compared with the model group, the rate of viable cells and the expression of pSer-GSK-3 were significantly enhanced in the curcumin group (t = 9.165, P = 0.001; t = 3.747, P = 0.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both pTyr-GSK-3 and pSer-GSK-3 might participate in the IR injured myocardial cells. Curcumin could reduce apoptosis of I/R injured myocardial cells, which might be correlated with GSK-3 inhibition by decreasing tyrosine phosphorylation and increasing serine phosphorylation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Pathology , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320675

ABSTRACT

This paper provides an overview of the current state of pharmacotherapy in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and a brief introduction to the potentially novel pharmacologic targets for PAH. Currently, 3 classes of drugs including prostacyclin analogues, endothelin receptor antagonists and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors are approved for the treatment of PAH in children, which has led to improved hemodynamics, increased exercise capacity and prolonged survival. Despite these improvements, there is still a need to carry out well-designed, randomized, controlled studies with larger samples. In addition, novel drugs targeting other molecular pathways should be developed.


Subject(s)
1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Epoprostenol , Therapeutic Uses , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Iloprost , Therapeutic Uses , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 249-254, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In this study, a growing rat model of zinc deficiency was established to investigate the effect of zinc deficiency on intestinal mucosal morphology and digestive enzyme activity as well as to provide a scientific basis for zinc supplementation therapy in patients with diarrhea.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Three-week-old weaned Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 30) were randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 in each: rats in the control group (ZA) were fed with a normal diet containing 30 µg/g zinc; rats in the zinc deficient group (ZD) were fed with a zinc-deficient diet containing 0.4 µg/g zinc (refer to AIN-76 formula); and rats in the paired fed group (PF) were fed with a normal diet, but the food intake was limited to intake of rats in ZD group in the previous day. All rats were provided with deionized water for drinking. Their body weight was measured and the food intake during the previous day was recorded early in the morning of the following day. Symptoms of zinc deficiency, such as anorexia, diarrhea, dermatitis, and growth retardation, were observed. Two weeks later, the rats were sacrificed and serum zinc concentration was measured. Jejunal mucosa was taken for biopsy and was stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE). The height ratio of the jejunal mucosal villi and crypts was measured. In addition, the activity of lactase in the jejunal mucosal brush border, γ-glutamyl peptidase (GGT), and aminopeptidase N (APN) were measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The average weight of the rats in the ZA, ZD, and PF groups at the beginning of the experiment was (67.4 ± 5.3) g, (64.7 ± 4.8) g, and (66.5 ± 4.1) g, respectively, and the average daily food intake was (11.2 ± 1.0) g, (11.6 ± 1.6) g, and (11.2 ± 1.4) g, respectively. The intergroup differences were not significant. On the 7(th) day of experiment, no significant differences in average food intake were observed between the ZD group and the ZA and PF groups, but the average body weight in the ZD group was significantly lower than that in the ZA and PF groups (P < 0.01). At the end of the experiment (2 weeks), the average weight in the ZD group (112.0 ± 11.5) g was significantly lower than that in the ZA (164.0 ± 15.9) g and PF groups (137.5 ± 16.2) g. The average food intake in the ZD group (13.4 ± 5.1) g was significantly lower than that in the ZA group (18.2 ± 2.4) g (P < 0.01). Serum zinc level in the ZD group (733 ± 231) µg/L was significantly lower than that in the ZA (1553 ± 159) µg/L and PF groups (1457 ± 216) µg/L (P < 0.01). The height ratio of jejunal mucosa villus and crypt in the ZA, ZD, and PF groups was 2.98 ± 0.5, 2.77 ± 0.5, and 2.81 ± 0.7, respectively, and lactase activity was (26.1 ± 15.0) U/mg, (27.4 ± 12.8) U/mg, and (40.8 ± 18.5) U/mg, respectively, without significant intergroup differences. The GGT activity in the jejunal mucosa in the ZD group (12.7 ± 6.5) U/g was significantly lower than that in the ZA (19.1 ± 10.4) U/g and PF groups (18.5 ± 7.7) U/g, but the difference was not significant. The activity of APN in the jejunal mucosa in the ZD group (25.5 ± 7.5) U/g was significantly lower than that in the ZA (48.7 ± 16.8) U/g and PF groups (43.9 ± 14.5) U/g (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Zinc deficiency can cause loss of appetite, weight loss, and decreased activity of peptidase in the jejunal mucosal brush border. Zinc deficiency has little effect on the height ratio of the villus and crypt and lactase activity, thereby indicating that zinc deficiency may first affect protein digestion and absorption.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Jejunum , Metabolism , Pathology , Lactase , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Zinc
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286908

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study examined the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) on the serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S-100β protein and myelin basic protein (MBP) in young rats 24 hrs after lithium-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) in order to study the potential role of r-HuEPO in epileptic brain damage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty 19-21-day-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=10): normal control group, SE, r-HuEPO pretreated-SE and r-HuEPO. SE was induced by lithium-pilocarpine. R-HuEPO (500 IU/kg) was intraperitoneally injected in the r-HuEPO pretreated-SE and r-HuEPO groups 4 hrs before SE. Serum levels of NSE, S-100β and MBP were determined 24 hrs after the SE event.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum levels of NSE, S-100β and MBP in the SE group increased significantly compared with those in the normal control and the r-HuEPO groups (P<0.05). The r-HuEPO pretreated-SE group showed significantly decreased serum levels of NSE, S-100β and MBP compared with the SE group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>r-HuEPO may reduce the expression of NSE, S-100β and MBP and thus might provide an early protective effect against epileptic brain injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Erythropoietin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Myelin Basic Protein , Blood , Nerve Growth Factors , Blood , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , S100 Proteins , Blood , Status Epilepticus , Blood , Drug Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ambroxol in the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Electronic searches were performed in the Cochrane Library, PubMED, EMBASE, Chinese CBM, Chinese VIP Database, Chinese Wanfang Database and Chinese CNKI Database up to the year of 2009 for randomized controlled trials (RCT) on ambroxol for the prevention of RDS in preterm infants. The meeting articles related to the RCT were manually searched in Pediatrics and Pediatric Research. Meta analysis was performed for the results of homogeneous studies by the Cochrane Collaboration's software RevMan 5.0.17.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six RCTs involving 823 preterm infants were included, and the quality assessment for the trials demonstrated 1 article as A class, 1 article as B class and 4 articles as C class. The Meta analysis showed that ambroxol administration significantly reduced the incidence of RDS (OR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.15 - 0.64, P<0.01), bronchopulmonary dysplasis (BPD, OR=0.41, 95%CI: 0.23 - 0.75, P<0.01), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH, OR=0.39, 95%CI:0.24 - 0.64, P<0.01), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, OR=0.33, 95%CI: 0.17 - 0.67, P<0.01) and pulmonary infection (OR=0.24, 95%CI:0.14 - 0.38, P<0.01). No adverse events related to the ambroxol treatment were reported.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The current evidence shows that early use of ambroxol can reduce the risk of RDS, BPD, IVH, PDA and pulmonary infection in preterm infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Ambroxol , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 329-332, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study was designed to investigate the changes in CD(69), CD(25) and HLA-DR expressions in peripheral blood T cell in Kawasaki disease (KD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The authors detected CD(69), CD(25) and HLA-DR expressions in peripheral blood T cell by using flow cytometry. The patients who met the diagnostic criteria for KD comprised sixteen boys and fifteen girls (4 - 60 months of age; mean, 26 +/- 18 months). All received intravenous gammaglobulin at a dose of 1 g/(kg.d), for 2 days and oral aspirin at a dose of 30 - 50 mg/(kg.d). In case of persistent fever, a repeated dose of intravenous gammaglobulin or I.V. methylprednisolone at a dose of 20 mg/(kg.d) for three daily doses was attempted. The authors tested blood samples from 17 healthy controls consisting of nine boys and eight girls (3 - 84 months of age; mean, 25 +/- 18 months) and the samples from 31 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of peripheral blood CD(3)(+) T lymphocyte was (54.4 +/- 9.0)% in acute stage of KD and (65.0 +/- 7.0)% in healthy controls. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The values of CD(69)(+) [(11.2 +/- 12.6)%, vs. (0.6 +/- 0.4)%], CD(25)(+) [(9.2 +/- 3.5)% vs. (3.9 +/- 1.8)%] and HLA-DR(+) [(8.3 +/- 5.0)% vs. (4.3 +/- 2.3)%] in KD patients were markedly increased compared to those of the healthy controls. After intravenous gammaglobulin treatment, the percentage of CD(3)(+)CD(69)(+) and CD(3)(+)CD(25)(+) significantly decreased [CD(3)(+)CD(69)(+): (14.0 +/- 13.0)% vs. (1.6 +/- 1.2)%, P < 0.05; CD(3)(+)CD(25)(+): (7.8 +/- 4.1)% vs. (2.0 +/- 0.6)%, P < 0.01]. However, the CD(3)(+) T lymphocytes increased [(50.8 +/- 5.0)% vs. (64.9 +/- 5.5)%, P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in expression of CD(3)(+) T lymphocyte cell activating markers between coronary artery disease group and normal coronary artery group in KD cases (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CD(3)(+) T cell activation in the early and middle stages is involved in the mechanism responsible for cardiovascular injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Blood , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte , Blood , Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Biomarkers , Blood , Child, Preschool , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Flow Cytometry , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , HLA-DR Antigens , Blood , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Therapeutic Uses , Immunologic Factors , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Blood , Lectins, C-Type , Blood , Male , Methylprednisolone , Therapeutic Uses , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Blood , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Prognosis , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the methods of interventional catheterization for combined congenital heart disease and to evaluate its efficacy in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 1994 to December 2003, 15 cases (6 boys, 9 girls) underwent transcatheter intervention for combined congenital heart diseases. The procedure of transcatheter intervention was as follows: for pulmonary stenosis (PS) and atrial septal defect (ASD) or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), PBPV first, occlusion of ASD or PDA later; for coarctation of aorta (COA) and PDA, dilation of COA first, occlusion of PDA 4-15 months later; for aortic stenosis (AS) and PDA, PBAV first, occlusion of PDA later; for ventricular septal defect (VSD) and PDA, all occlusions with detachable coils.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Transcatheter intervention for combined congenital heart diseases was successful in all patients. There was no residual shunt after occlusion immediately apart from 2 cases of PDA which were little residual after occlusion immediately. Follow-up for (3.57 +/-2.61) years, the systolic pressure gradients across pulmonary valve and coarctation were normal by ultrasonic or transcatheter, except AS. There was 3 cases presented postoperative complications: 1 with mechanical haemolysis, 1 with fall off of coil and 1 with arterial embolism, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transcatheter intervention for combined congenital heart diseases could obtain satisfactory results with appropriate indications and procedure manipulations.</p>


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , General Surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Catheterization , Child , Child, Preschool , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , General Surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Male , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , General Surgery
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 192-195, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand whether hyperhomocysteinemia and early arterial atherosclerosis exist in simply obese children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 68 simply obese children (age 6-14 years, mean 10.8 +/- 2.3 years) were enrolled in this study, 50 were male and 18 were female. Body mass index (BMI) of the obese children was equal to or more than 22. The height of the children was (145 +/- 22) cm. Meanwhile, 26 normal children (age 6 - 14 years, mean 10.9 +/- 2.0 years) were selected as control group, 17 of these children were male and 9 were female. Their height was (148.5 +/- 5.8) cm. There were no significant differences in height and age between the obese and the control children. The carotid intimal-medial thickness (IMT), brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation were examined by Doppler Flow/Dimension System and the liver was examined by B-mode ultrasound imager. Plasma homocysteine was determined by the automated chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassays. Serum lipid concentration was determined by biochemical analytic method. Blood pressure of the right upper limbs was measured. A detailed medical and family history was systematically recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BMI was (27.8 +/- 4.5) in the obese children and (16.2 +/- 2.5) in the controls. There was significant difference between two groups (P < 0.01). The obese children had significantly increased values than the controls for the carotid intimal-medial thickness (P < 0.01). Right carotid IMT, right inner-carotid IMT, left carotid IMT and left inner-carotid IMT were respectively (0.54 +/- 0.13) mm, (0.69 +/- 0.14) mm, (0.52 +/- 0.12) mm and (0.67 +/- 0.14) mm in obese children and were respectively (0.45 +/- 0.04) mm, (0.46 +/- 0.04) mm, (0.45 +/- 0.05) mm and (0.46 +/- 0.03) mm in control groups. Conversely, the flow-mediated brachial artery dilation of the obese children was significantly lower than that of the controls [(11.0 +/- 4.3)% vs. (17.5 +/- 4.9)%, P < 0.01]. The obese children had higher level of plasma homocysteine than the controls [(7.9 +/- 2.7) micromol/L vs. (5.6 +/- 2.1) micromol/L, P < 0.01]. Total cholesterol (TC) in the obese children dramatically increased, so did triglyceride concentration (TG), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-ch) and apolipoprotein-B (apo-B). Of the obese children, had fatty liver or the tendency to fatty liver. Six cases of the 68 obese children (8%) had hypertension. Of the 68 obese children, 57 (84%) had the history of consuming excessive food or taking less exercise. Forty-four percent of the obese children (30/68) came from the obese families in which at least one of the parents or grandparents was obese. Twenty-nine percent (20/68) and 22% (15/68) of the obese children respectively came from the families in which at least one of the parents or grandparents suffered from hypertension or coronary heart disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early arterial atherosclerotic changes existed in simply obese children. Hyperhomocysteinemia may be an important factor of the obesity-induced early arterial atherosclerosis during childhood.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Carotid Artery Diseases , Child , Female , Homocysteine , Blood , Humans , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Lipids , Blood , Male , Obesity , Blood , Tunica Intima , Pathology , Tunica Media , Pathology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate influences of regular-dose of adriamycin (ADR) on heart function and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ -ATPase in cardiomyocyte of rabbits. METHODS: Nine rabbits received intraveneous injection of ADR (2mg/kg) once a week for 8 weeks, the rabbits injected with saline were used as control group. Cardiac output (CO), blood pressure (BP), mean artery pressure (MAP), left ventricular systolic pressure( LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), calcium in cardiomyocyte (MyoCa2+) of rabbits and SR Ca2+ -ATPase activity were examinated 3 weeks after the final injection. RESULTS: CO, LVSP and SR Ca2+ -ATPase activity were significantly decreased in ADR treated group compared with the control group. Conversely, LVEDP and MyoCa2+ were significantly increased in ADR treated rabbits. CONCLUSION: Heart function can be decreased by regular-dose of ADR in injection. Calcium overload in cardiomyocyte and decrease of SR Ca2+ -ATPase activity is important physiopathologic mechanism in ADR-induced impairment of heart.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638644

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to explore practical values of the revised Duck criteria for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric infective endocarditis(IE).Methods Seventy-three children′s cases diagnosed and treatmented as IE complicated with congenital heart defects in the past 22 years were collected to make retrospective analysis according to the Duck criteria.Results In 73 patients,a definite diagnosis of IE was made in 37 patients(51%),16(43%) of which proved by the pathologic lesions during the operations.Eight patients(22%) met two major criteria,13 patients(35%) met one major and more than 3 minor criteria.36 patients(49%) were diagnosed as possible IE.Forty-five patients(62%) were cured using antibiotic therapy.Sixteen cases(21%) were failure in antibiotic treatment,of whom 16 patients were operated by cutting off the detection of vegetation and repairing the heart malformation.Tweleve cases(17%) were died,one of which was died after the operation.Conclusions IE is still a significant complication of congenital heart disease.Duck criteria is relative rigid in sensitivity,but it is high in specificity.When the vegetation isn′t large enough in shape,revised Duck criteria is difficult to(diagnose) early.The surgery treatment is optimistic.To combine the medicine with surgery can contributed to decrease mortality rate.

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