Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 11 de 11
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777530

ABSTRACT

In order to clarify the characteristic components of Berberidis Cortex,the preparative liquid chromatography and spectral analysis methods were used to separate and identify the unknown components in the water extract of Berberidis Cortex. Two compounds were isolated and identified as bufotenidine and ferulic acid 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside. They were both isolated for the first time from Berberidis Cortex and Berberis. In addition,an HPLC method was successfully established for simultaneously determination of six compounds in Berberidis Cortex,and chemometric methods were used to study the chemical differences among three main species of Berberidis Cortex. The results suggested that jatrorrhizine and bufotenidine are the main difference compounds among the three species.Compared with B. kansuensis and B. diaphana,B. vernae contains significantly more jatrorrhizine(P<0. 01),and the content of bufotenidine in B. vernae was significantly higher than that in B. kansuensis(P<0. 05). Considering these results,further research is necessary to reveal the pharmacological activities of bufotenidine and the pharmacodynamic differences between the three species. The results could provide a reference for quality control,the basic research on effective substances,and development of Berberidis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Berberine , Berberis , Chemistry , Classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802007

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize purification process of total alkaloid extract of Berberis dictyophylla cortex by macroporous resin,and to establish its quality standard. Method: Acid dye colorimetry was used to investigate the purification process of total alkaloid extract of B. dictyophylla cortex,the process parameters included concentration of sample solution,speed of sampling,diameter-height ratio of resin column,water washing amount,concentration and dosage of eluent,flow rate of elution,etc.In order to determine the optimum process,HPLC was employed to determine the contents of four alkaloids(magnoflorine,jatrorrhizine hydrochloride,palmatine hydrochloride,and berberine hydrochloride) with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution for gradient elution and detection wavelength at 270 nm.After being purified,quality standard of total alkaloid extract of B. dictyophylla cortex was investigated according to the requirements in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Result: Optimal purification conditions were as following:10 g of HPD100 macroporous adsorption resin with a column diameter-height ratio of 1:8,sampling solution concentration of 11 g·L-1,the loading flow rate of 1 mL·min-1,sampling solution volume of 50 mL,washed with 4 BV of water(1 BV=15 mL) and added 9 BV of 30% ethanol,after being purified,the transfer rate of total alkaloids was>80%,and its purity was>65%.The quality standard of total alkaloid extract of B. dictyophylla cortex was established,there were 19 common peaks in the characteristic chromatogram,and the overall similarity was>0.99. Conclusion: This optimized purification process is stable and feasible, and the established quality standard is controllable.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801971

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of berbamine hydrochloride on the absorption characteristics of berberine hydrochloride in different intestinal segments of rats in normal environment and high calcium environment. Method: Taking rat everted intestinal sac model,the content of berberine hydrochloride in absorbent solution of everted intestinal sac from different compatibility groups was determined by HPLC,and the uptake per unit area in different groups was analyzed by One-way ANOVA. Result: Compared with the normal J70 group(in normal environment,the concentration of berberine hydrochloride was 70 mg·L-1) at the same time point,the uptake per unit area of the normal J70+Ver100 group(in normal environment,the concentration of berberine hydrochloride was 70 mg·L-1,adding verapamil hydrochloride to a concentration of 100 mg·L-1) was significantly increased in the ileum(P-1,adding berbamine hydrochloride to a concentration of 35 mg·L-1) were significantly increased in the duodenum(P-1,adding berbamine hydrochloride to a concentration of 70 mg·L-1) were significantly increased in the ileum(PConclusion: Berbamine hydrochloride can promote the absorption of berberine hydrochloride in intestine to a certain extent,especially in the high calcium environment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798370

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy(DN) is a kind of severe diabetes mellitus(DM) complications,which is one of the most common cause of end-stage renal failure.The incidence of DN increases with the increase of the number of DM patients,and early prevention is the key.DM and DN are characteristic advantages of Tibetan medicine,the "holistic view" of dynamic balance based on the three major factors in the body(Sanyin,included rlung,mkhris-pa and bad-gan) is a unique understanding of DM and DN among Tibetan medical practitioners,and which has rich and unique clinical and medication experiences in DN treatment.This paper discussed the medical theory "holistic view" on the Tibetan medicine for DM and DN,dug commonly used Tibetan drugs and Tibetan medical prescriptions for clinical treatment of DN,in order to provide new ideas for the treatment of DN and the discovery of new drugs for DN, and give full play to the unique advantages of Tibetan medicine.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710206

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the dose-proportion relation of Tibetan medicine Siwei Jianghuang Prescription (SJP) for protective effects on diabetic nephropathy (DN),and the underlying mechanism.METHODS Diabetes mellitus rats induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) were randomly divided into model group,metformin support group,and eight SJP groups with dose-proportion variation (with reference to the uniform design method) for corresponding drug administration once a day,for four weeks.Measurement of fasting blood glucose (FBG) by a blood glucose meter,the concentrations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN),uric acid (UA),serum creatinine (SCr) and total protein (TP) by chemical methods,serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by ELISA kits were conducted,the pathological morphology observation and glomerular basement membrane thickness detection by electron microscope were accomplished as well.Principal components analysis (PCA) and multivariate progressive regression analysis (MSRA) were employed to analyze the relationship between the dose-proportion to pharmacodynamics.RESULTS The resultant indexes revealed variant pharmacological improvement in each treatment group.MSRA results showed that the levels of BUN,renal index,FBG,glomerular basement membrane thickness,VEGF,Scr,and UA had correlative relations with a multiple linear or a multiple non-linear in all groups,which regression equation had a statistical significance (P < 0.05);TGF-β1 level and total protein index with the dose-proportion had no linear or non-linear relation,which the regression equation statistical showed non-significance (P > 0.05).In the global optimization comparison around the range of uniform design,the optimal dosage of the rats model was Curcumae Longae Rhizoma ∶ Berberidis dictyophyllae Cortex ∶ Phyllanthi Fructus ∶ Tribuli Fructus =1 ∶ 2 ∶ 1 ∶ 2.CONCLUSION Siwei Jianghuang Prescription shows better therapeutic effects on DN,which may be related to reducing the levels of BUN,renal index,FBG,glomerular basement membrane thickness,VEGF,Scr and UA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230112

ABSTRACT

In order to establish the quality standard of Berberidis Cortex and improve its quality control level, water, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and alcohol-soluble extract were determined according to procedures recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 edition). The qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. The results showed that TLC identification had a good resolution with clear spots. The water content was 8.39%-12.23%; total ash was 4.50%-9.96%; acid-insoluble ash was 0.10%-0.69%, and the alcohol-soluble extraction was 20.62%-37.13%. The average contents of magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, palmatine, and berberine in Berberidis Cortex were 5.98%, 0.63%, 0.30%, 2.50%, respectively. It was concluded that the developed method was accurate and good in specificity, which can be used for quality control of Berberidis Cortex in the future.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230111

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety associated with anti-hypoxia effect and establish the quality standard for Brassicea Radix extract, the investigations of acute toxicity and subacute toxicity were carried out to preliminarily appraise the toxicity, and the models of normal pressure hypoxia, acute cerebral ischemia and sodium nitrite poisoning in mice were used to evaluate the effect of enhancing anoxia endurance. Then according to the methods described in the Appendix of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010 edition), the sulfuric acid-phenol method was applied to determine the content of polysaccharide, and the water, ash and insoluble matter in water inspections were carried out and the control medicinal herb was identified with the samples by qualitative TLC. The results indicated that ① the toxic effects (LD₅₀) of mice was 56.73 g•kg⁻¹ by oral administration of Brassicea Radix extract, while Dm and Dn were respective 86.80 g•kg•d⁻¹ and 35.55 g•kg•d⁻¹;②the determined effective dosage of Brassicea Radix extract which could enhance anoxia endurance was 0.388 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹; ③ the methods of TLC and the content of polysaccharide were established. The method of quality control has been recorded in Sichuan Province Standard for Tibetan Medicine, which is reliable, accurate and simple, with good reproducibility. Meanwhile, given the prominent effect on anti-hypoxia and good safety, it provided important basis for clinic safe and effective usage and the development of health products.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231017

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for determining the contents of six alkaloids (jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, columbamine hydrochloride, epiberberine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, berberine hydrochloride) in six types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (crude pieces, ginger juice stir-fried pieces, vinegar stir-fried pieces, wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, evodiae juice stir-fried pieces) by RP-HPLC, and explore the relationship with the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and pharmacodynamics results. The chromatographic column was Welch XtimateTM C₁₈ (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with 0.1% triethylamine solution (adjust pH at 10 with ammonium bicarbonate and ammonia) as mobile phase A and acetonitrile as mobile phase B for gradient elution (0-15 min, 10%-25%B; 15-25 min, 25%-30%B; 25-40 min, 30%-45%B) at a rate of 1.0 mL•min⁻¹. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃, and the wavelength was set at 270 nm. The six alkaloids showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.85-16.96 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 7), 1.25-24.96 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 9), 2.05-40.96 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 9), 3.65-72.96 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 9), 2.88-57.60 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 8), and 13.25-264.96 mg•L⁻¹ (r=0.999 6) respectively. The average recoveries (n=9) of the six alkaloids were 102.4% (RSD 1.2%), 101.8% (RSD 1.3%), 100.3% (RSD 1.8%), 100.7%(RSD 1.8%), 101.2% (RSD 1.5%) and 97.90% (RSD 2.0%) respectively, and their average contents were 3.55, 4.49, 9.12, 19.17, 15.69, 62.56 mg•g⁻¹, respectively. This determination method was accurate and repeatable, which could be used for the content determination in six types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces. Data analysis on contents determination and preliminary pharmacodynamics results was conducted by using principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA). The analysis results showed that three types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, and evodiae juice stir-fried pieces) had significant differences with crude pieces, and the wine steamed Coptidis Rhizoma pieces showed most difference with crude pieces especially, mainly related to triglyceride (TG) and fasting blood glucose levels (FBG) in serum. In addition, columbamine hydrochloride was most affected among the six alkaloids. Those three types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, and evodiae juice stir-fried pieces), had more advantages for "anti-diabetes" in TCM clinical application, especially in the treatment of diabetic hyperlipidemia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238628

ABSTRACT

The establishing and improving of quality standards for ethnic medicine have close relation with the safety and efficacy of clinical medicine. It is significant to promote the modernization and industrialization of ethnic medicine. This paper summarized the present status of quality standards for ethnic medicine, and pointed out the deficiency of ethnic medicine; the origin of medicinal materials was not clear and varieties were confused; the safety research of mineral drug was weak and so on. Based on these, firstly, the research of quality standards for ethnic medicine should be under the guidance of ethnic traditional medical theory and clinical experience and strengthen the quality control and evaluation of safety and effectiveness for ethnic medicine. Further, much attention should be payed to protection of natural medicinal resources and sustainable utilization. Lastly, modern chemical analysis technology shouled be used during the research process on the basis of ethnic characteristics. It will promote the establishment and improvement of quality standards for ethnic medicine and will be benificial to modernization and industrialization development of ethnic medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307520

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a method for the determination of Chonglou saponin I and Chonglou saponin II in Yifu ointment.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chromatographic separation was performed on Hypersil ODS2 C18 column (4.6 mm x 150 mm, 5 microm) and IBBM-612111 ODS C18 guard column. Acetonitrile-0.02% phosphoric (43:57) as mobile phase. The flow rate was 1 mL min(-1) and column temperature was set at 40 degrees C. The UV detection wavelength was set 203 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Chonglou saponin I showed a good linear relationship at a range of 0.1024-3.2 microg, r =0.9998, the average recovery was 97.4%, and RSD was 1.8% (n = 6); Chonglou saponin II showed a good linear relationship at a range of 0.064-2.0 microg, r = 0.9999, the average recovery was 101.4%, and RSD was 1.0% (n =6).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is accurate with the good reproducibility and can be used for the quality control of Yifu Ointment.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Liliaceae , Chemistry , Ointments , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Rosaceae , Chemistry , Saponins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the quality control standard of Xindi soft capsule.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin were isolated by TLC with chloroform-ethyl formate-formic acid (5:4:1). The chromatographic separation was performed on a Diamonsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm). Acetonitrile-water-phosphoric (30:70:0.1) as mobile phase. The flow rate was 1 mL x min(-1) and column temperature was set at 40 degrees C. The UV detection wavelength was set at 254 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Quercetin, Kaempferol and Isorhamnetin could be identified by TLC. Quercetin showed a good linear relationship at a range of 0.412-1.648 microg, r = 0.999 9, the average recovery was 96.8%, and RSD was 0.9% (n = 6). Kaempferol showed a good linear relationship at a range of 0.021-0.083 microg, r = 0.999 8, the average recovery was 96.9%, and RSD was 2.0% (n = 6). Isorhamnetin showed a good linear relationship at a range of 0.183-0.732 microg, r = 0.999 9, the average recovery was 97.1%, and RSD was 1.6% (n = 6).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is accurate with the good reproducibility and can be used for the quality control of Xindi soft capsule.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Flavonols , Hippophae , Chemistry , Kaempferols , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Quercetin , Reproducibility of Results
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL