Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 680-685, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of white light conventional endoscopy (CE), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and narrow-band imaging with magnifying endoscopy (ME-NBI) in evaluating the invasion depth of early gastric cardiac cancer, and to explore the diagnostic strategy of preoperative evaluation of invasive depth of early gastric cardiac cancer.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2019, the endoscopic images of 135 patients with early gastric cardiac cancer confirmed by pathology in Fujian Provincial Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Intramucosal carcinoma (M) and superficial submucosal invasive carcinoma (SM1) were classified as M-SM1 cancer and compared with deep submucosal invasive cancer. The pathological diagnosis after operation was used as gold standard. The accuracy of CE, EUS, ME-NBI and the combination of them in determining the invasion depth of early gastric cardiac cancer was evaluated. Kappa test was performed for consistency test. Kappa value < 0.2 was considered as poor consistency, 0.2 to 0.4 as general consistency, more than 0.4 to 0.6 as medium consistency, more than 0.6 to 0.8 as high consistency, and 0.8 to 1.0 as close to full consistency. Results:The data of 73 patients with early gastric cardiac cancer were enrolled in this study. According to the pathological results after operation, 47 cases were M-SM1 cancer and 26 cases were deep submucosal invasive cancer. The diagnostic accuracy of CE, EUS, ME-NBI and the combination of them before operation were 79.5% (58/73), 72.6% (53/73), 65.7% (48/73) and 87.7% (64/73), respectively. The results of consistency test indicated that the consistency of CE diagnosis and pathological results after operation was medium ( Kappa=0.540, P<0.01), that of EUS and pathological results after operation was general ( Kappa=0.346, P=0.002), that of ME-NBI and pathological results after operation was poor ( Kappa=0.175, P=0.108), while that of the combination of them and pathological results after operation was high ( Kappa=0.724, P<0.01). Conclusions:Compared with single examination method, the combination of CE, EUS and ME-NBI is more accurate in evaluating the invasive depth of early gastric cardiac cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of budesonide viscous suspension (BVS) in preventing extensive esophageal stenosis after endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).Methods:Data of 62 cases of early esophageal neoplasms or precancerous lesions receiving ESD whose postoperative mucosal defects were more than half the circumference of the esophageal lumen at Fujian Provincial Hospital from October 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively studied. The patients were divided into the BVS group who received BVS therapy (n=24) and the control group who received no intervention (n=38). The incidence of postoperative stenosis, the number of bougie dilation procedures and complications were compared between the two groups. Risk factors for postoperative stricture were analyzed by logistic regression.Results:The incidence of postoperative stenosis [16.7% (4/24) VS 47.3% (18/38), P=0.005], the number of bougie dilation procedures (1.50±0.58 VS 2.70±1.09, P=0.039) in the BVS group were significantly lower than those in the control group. No serious adverse events such as perforation or massive hemorrhage related to BVS were observed in the BVS group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed circumferential extension ≥3/4 ( OR=37.970, 95% CI: 6.338-227.482) and non-intervention with BVS( OR=20.962, 95% CI: 3.374-130.243) were the independent risk factors for esophageal stricture after ESD. Conclusion:Administration of BVS is an effective and safe method to reduce the incidence of stenosis and the number of bougie dilation procedures for extensive esophageal stenosis after ESD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily study the effect of Q self-traction endoscopic submucosal dissection (Q-ESD) on treatment of large early esophageal cancer (EEC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 82 cases of large EEC (single lesion>1/2 cross-section diameter or longitudinal diameter length >5 cm) who underwent ESD on Fujian Provincial Hospital between January 2015 and December 2018. According to the treatment schedule, patients were divided into the conventional ESD group (n=44) and the Q-ESD group (n=38). The procedural area, time, and speed, en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate and complications of the two groups were analyzed.Results:All of the 82 lesions were resected completely under endoscope. There was no statistical difference in the procedural area [779.8 (329.9-2 552.5)mm 2 VS 875.7 (417.8-1 914.8)mm 2, U=155, P=0.636], procedural time [63 (41-177)min VS 59 (42-169)min, U=171, P=0.167] and complete resection rate [94.7% (36/38) VS 93.2% (41/44), χ2=0.086, P=0.769] between the Q-ESD group and the conventional ESD group. Compared with the conventional ESD group, the Q-ESD group had a faster dissection speed [14.9 (5.4-20.8) mm 2/min VS 9.0 (5.0-19.5) mm 2/min, U=142, P=0.035], lower muscularis propria injury rate [7.9% (3/38) VS 27.3% (12/44), χ2=5.123, P=0.023], and a lower stricture rate [5.3% (2/38) VS 20.5% (9/44), χ2=4.051, P=0.044]. No other adverse events occurred except for one case of perforation in the conventional ESD group. Conclusion:The new traction technique of Q-ESD is a safe and effective treatment for large EEC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756279

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of different stitching methods,over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) and metal clips combined with nylon rope (King closure),for full-layer gastric wall defect.Methods Data of 75 cases,who underwent endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) of gastric SMTs from May 2015 to May 2018 in our endoscopy center were retrospectively analyzed.According to the closure method,the patients were divided into the OTSC group (20 cases) and the King closure group (55 cases).Comparison was made in gender,age,the largest diameter of tumor,the location of tumor,defect surface diameter,total operating time,defect closure time,closure success rate,the length of hospital stays,cost and postoperative complications between the two groups,Results The baseline data were comparable,and there were no significant differences in age,gender,tumor location,tumor diameter,and defect surface diameter between the two groups(all P>0.05).The success rate of closure was 100% in both groups.In terms of length of hospital stay,there was no significant difference between the two groups (t =1.13,P=0.268).The total operating time was 63.24±43.22 min in the King closure group versus 47.60± 18.13 min in the OTSC group (t =2.20,P =0.030).The closure time of the defect surface was 20.85 ± 16.35 min in the King closure group versus 10.95±5.20 min in the OTSC group (t =2.65,P=O.010).Hospitalization costs were 24 200±800 yuan in the King closure group versus 36 200±2 350 yuan in the OTSC group (t=6.21,P<0.001).Postoperative abdominal elevation radiographs in both groups indicated a small amount of subphrenic free gas,and no intervention was given due to the small amount of gas and no obvious symptoms.No late bleeding,recurrent perforation,infection or other complications occurred after operation,and all patients were discharged successfully.Six months after surgery,15 patients (27%) in the King closure group developed metal clips or nylon rope residue,which were successfully removed by endoscopy.The anastomosis clamp of nighteen patients (95%) in the OTSC group were in the original position.None of the patient received open surgery.Conclusion OTSC and King closure are both safe and effective in the treatment of full-thickness defect of gastric wall.OTSC has the advantages of short total operation time and short closure time,but with high cost.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734983

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of pink sign of iodine staining for early esophageal carcinoma. Methods Data of 312 lesions of 306 patients with suspected early esophageal carcinoma who received iodine staining from November 2015 to October 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Lesions were divided into positive pink sign group and negative pink sign group according to the result of iodine staining. The relationship between pink sign and pathology were analyzed. Lesions recorded onset time of pink sign were divided into 4 groups by the onset time of pink sign, 0-30 s,>30-60 s,>60-90 s and>90-120 s, the diagnostic value of which was assessed with the receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curve. Results Among the 312 lesions, 208 were identified positive pink sign, including 28 of inflammation or low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia ( LGIN ) , 180 of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia ( HGIN ) or carcinoma, and 104 lesions were identified negative pink sign, including 69 of inflammation or LGIN, 35 of HGIN or carcinoma. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of positive pink sign in the diagnosis of HGIN and early esophageal carcinoma was 83. 7%, 71. 1% and 79. 8%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between the onset time of pink sign and histopathology ( P=0. 000, OR=0. 016, 95%CI=0. 042-0. 324) . The onset time of pink sign was recorded in 89 lesions in the positive group. The area under ROC curve of the onset time of pink sign was 0. 899, and the optimal cut-off value was 60 s, which indicated the good validity of the test with the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 92. 8%, 84. 2%and 91. 0%, respectively. Conclusion The pink sign of iodine staining for diagnosis of early esophageal carcinoma shows a high consistance rate, especially that appears within 60 s.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734981

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influencing factors for outcomes of gastric low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia ( LGIN) for better LGIN treatment regimen. Methods Using magnifying endoscopy combined with narrow-band imaging ( ME-NBI ) follow-up strategy, the endoscopic features of 47 cases of LGIN in Fujian Provincial Hospital, including location, size, surface situation, demarcation line, microvascular pattern and microsurface pattern, were prospectively observed, then the factors influencing the outcome were analyzed. Results Among the 47 cases of LGIN, there were 35 cases in stable condition, whose results of biopsy and ME-NBI had no changes (stable LGIN), and the mean follow-up time was 20. 7±6. 9 months. The remaining 12 patients had progressive dysplasia (progressive LGIN), including 4 cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and 8 cases of moderate dysplasia. The mean follow-up time was 16. 3 ± 11. 8 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups in gender (P=0. 33), mean age (P=0. 13), lesion distribution (P=0. 70), and lesion morphology (P=0. 97). The lesion size was less than 20 mm in the stable group ( 71. 4%, 25/35) , and over 20 mm in the progressive group ( 66. 7%, 8/12) , and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0. 02) . The proportion of the lesion surface heterogeneity in the progressive group was significantly higher than that in the stable group[75. 0% (9/12) VS 34. 3% (12/35),P= 0. 01 ] . The proportion of positive manifestations under ME-NBI in the progressive group was also significantly higher than that in the stable group [ 83. 3% ( 10/12 ) VS 8. 6% ( 3/35 ) , P = 0. 00 ] . Conclusion The size of lesions over 20 mm, the uneven surface and positive ME-NBI are the important factors influencing the outcome of LGIN, which are of significance for the diagnosis and treatment of LGIN.

7.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 49-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609846

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of combined application of lactitol oral solution and polyethylene glycol electrolyte (PEG) powder compared with conventional method in bowel preparation before colonoscopy. Methods 205 patients who underwent colonoscopy were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group (n = 102) were given lactitol and polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder, whereas the patients in control group (n = 103) were given polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder only. The visibility and adverse effects during colonoscopy were observed. Results The cleaning satisfaction rate was not statistically significant between the two groups. The proportion of cleanliness to grade 1 in experimental group was higher than that in control group. The incidence of adverse effects in experimental group was lower, and there was no effect on sleeping night. The compliance and tolerance of hospitalized patients were significantly improved. Conclusion Lactitol combined with polyethylene glycol electrolyte (peg) powder is safe, effective, with low incidence of adverse effect for bowel preparation in hospitalized patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474838

ABSTRACT

Objective We aimed to study the performance evaluation indicators of central venous pressure (CVP) measuring system for ICU patients in clinical trials and discuss its impact factors.Methods Ac-cording to the performance evaluation indicators of CVP measuring system based on the Delphi method,a form was created to evaluate the continuous CVP monitoring of 197 ICU patients and then the data were collected.A comparative analysis was performed to verify the factors affecting the performance of CVP measuring system.Results The performance of CVP measuring system was affected by the number of threeway switches,vasoactive drugs and positive end-expiratory pressure,the statistical value was 8.577,-6.773and 3.244.There were no statistically significant differences with respect to performance evaluation indicators of CVP measuring system among the patients with different body positions.Conclusions The performance evaluation indicators of CVP measuring sys-tem proves to be feasible and practical by clinical empirical research.Their influencing factors were dis-cussed and they offer a valuable reference for the determination of the performance of CVP measuring sys-tem in clinical practice.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL