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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 554-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986110

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore an automatic landmarking method for anatomical landmarks in the three-dimensional (3D) data of the maxillary complex and preliminarily evaluate its reproducibility and accuracy. Methods: From June 2021 to December 2022, spiral CT data of 31 patients with relatively normal craniofacial morphology were selected from those who visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. The sample included 15 males and 16 females, with the age of (33.3±8.3) years. The maxillary complex was reconstructed in 3D using Mimics software, and the resulting 3D data of the maxillary complex was mesh-refined using Geomagic software. Two attending physicians and one associate chief physician manually landmarked the 31 maxillary complex datasets, determining 24 anatomical landmarks. The average values of the three expert landmarking results were used as the expert-defined landmarks. One case that conformed to the average 3D morphological characteristics of healthy individuals' craniofacial bones was selected as the template data, while the remaining 30 cases were used as target data. The open-source MeshMonk program (a non-rigid registration algorithm) was used to perform an initial alignment of the template and target data based on 4 landmarks (nasion, left and right zygomatic arch prominence, and anterior nasal spine). The template data was then deformed to the shape of the target data using a non-rigid registration algorithm, resulting in the deformed template data. Based on the unchanged index property of homonymous landmarks before and after deformation of the template data, the coordinates of each landmark in the deformed template data were automatically retrieved as the automatic landmarking coordinates of the homonymous landmarks in the target data, thus completing the automatic landmarking process. The automatic landmarking process for the 30 target data was repeated three times. The root-mean-square distance (RMSD) of the dense corresponding point pairs (approximately 25 000 pairs) between the deformed template data and the target data was calculated as the deformation error of the non-rigid registration algorithm, and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) of the deformation error in the three repetitions was analyzed. The linear distances between the automatic landmarking results and the expert-defined landmarks for the 24 anatomical landmarks were calculated as the automatic landmarking errors, and the ICC values of the 3D coordinates in the three automatic landmarking repetitions were analyzed. Results: The average three-dimensional deviation (RMSD) between the deformed template data and the corresponding target data for the 30 cases was (0.70±0.09) mm, with an ICC value of 1.00 for the deformation error in the three repetitions of the non-rigid registration algorithm. The average automatic landmarking error for the 24 anatomical landmarks was (1.86±0.30) mm, with the smallest error at the anterior nasal spine (0.65±0.24) mm and the largest error at the left oribital (3.27±2.28) mm. The ICC values for the 3D coordinates in the three automatic landmarking repetitions were all 1.00. Conclusions: This study established an automatic landmarking method for three-dimensional data of the maxillary complex based on a non-rigid registration algorithm. The accuracy and repeatability of this method for landmarking normal maxillary complex 3D data were relatively good.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Algorithms , Software , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Anatomic Landmarks/anatomy & histology
2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 435-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986091

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore a method for digitally designing and fabricating a sequential tooth-sectioning guide that can assist in the extraction of mandibular horizontal impacted third molars, preliminarily evaluate its feasibility and provide a reference for clinical application. Methods: Twenty patients with mandibular low level impacted third molars who visited the Department of General Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from March 2021 to January 2022 were selected. Cone-beam CT showed direct contact between the roots and mandibular canal, and full range impressions of the patients' intraoral teeth were taken and optical scans of the dental model were performed. The patients' cone-beam CT data and optical scan data were reconstructed in three dimensions, anatomical structure extraction, registration fusion, and the design of the structure of the guide (including crown-sectioning guide and root-sectioning guide) by Mimics 24.0, Geomagic Wrap 2021, and Magics 21.0 software, and then the titanium guide was three dimension printed, and the guide was tried on the dental model. After confirmation, the guide was used to assist the dentist in the operation. We observed whether the guide was in place, the number of tooth splitting, the matching of tooth splitting with the preoperative design, the operation time, and whether there were any complications. Results: In this study, 20 sectioning guides were successfully printed, all of them were well fitted in the patients' mouth, the average number of section was 3.4 times, the tooth parts was better matched with the preoperative design, and the average operative time of the guides was (29.2±9.8) minutes without complications such as perforation of the bone cortex. Conclusions: The use of sequential sectioning guides to assist in the extraction of mandibular impacted third molars was initially validated to accurately replicate the preoperative sectioning design, and is expected to provide a digital solution to improve surgical precision and ensure safety. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to evaluate its accuracy and safety.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 414-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986088

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide a new solution for the digital design of nasal prostheses, this study explores the three-dimensional (3D) facial morphology completion method for external nasal defects based on the non-rigid registration process of 3D face template. Methods: A total of 20 male patients with tooth defect and dentition defect who visited the Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June to December 2022 were selected, age 18-45 years old. The original 3D facial data of patients were collected, and the 3D facial data of the external nose defect was constructed in Geomagic Wrap 2021 software. Using the structured 3D face template data constructed in the previous research of the research group, the 3D face template was deformed and registered to the 3D facial data of external nose defect (based on the morphology of non-defective area) by non-rigid registration algorithm (MeshMonk program), and the personalized deformed data of the 3D face template was obtained, as the complemented facial 3D data. Based on the defect boundary of the 3D facial data of the external nose defect, the complemented external nose 3D data can be cut out from the complemented facial 3D data. Then the nasofacial angle and nasolabial angle of the complemented facial 3D data and the original 3D facial data was compared and analyzed, the ratio between the nose length and mid-face height, nose width and medial canthal distance of the complemented facial 3D data was measured, the edge fit between the edge curve of the complemented external nose 3D data and the defect edge curve of the 3D facial data of external nose defect was evaluated, and the morphological difference of the nose between the complemented external nose 3D data and the original 3D facial data was analyzed. Results: There was no significant statistically difference (t=-0.23, P=0.823; Z=-1.72, P=0.086) in the nasofacial angle (28.2°±2.9°, 28.4°±3.5° respectively) and nasolabial angle [95.4°(19.2°), 99.9°(9.5°) respectively] between the 20 original 3D facial data and the complemented facial 3D data. The value of the ratio of nose length to mid-face height in the complemented facial 3D data was 0.63±0.03, and the value of the ratio of nose width to medial canthal distance was 1.07±0.08. The curve deviation (root mean square value) between the edge curve of the complemented external nose 3D data and the defect edge curve of the 3D facial data of external nose defect was (0.37±0.09) mm, the maximum deviation was (1.14±0.32) mm, and the proportion of the curve deviation value within±1 mm was (97±3)%. The distance of corresponding nose landmarks between the complemented facial 3D data and the original 3D facial data were respectively, Nasion: [1.52(1.92)] mm; Pronasale: (3.27±1.21) mm; Subnasale: (1.99±1.09) mm; Right Alare: (2.64±1.34) mm; Left Alare: (2.42± 1.38) mm. Conclusions: The method of 3D facial morphology completion of external nose defect proposed in this study has good feasibility. The constructed complemented external nose 3D data has good facial coordination and edge fit, and the morphology is close to the nose morphology of the original 3D facial data.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 174-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore an efficient and automatic method for determining the anatomical landmarks of three-dimensional(3D) mandibular data, and to preliminarily evaluate the performance of the method.@*METHODS@#The CT data of 40 patients with normal craniofacial morphology were collected (among them, 30 cases were used to establish the 3D mandibular average model, and 10 cases were used as test datasets to validate the performance of this method in determining the mandibular landmarks), and the 3D mandibular data were reconstructed in Mimics software. Among the 40 cases of mandibular data after the 3D reconstruction, 30 cases that were more similar to the mean value of Chinese mandibular features were selected, and the size of the mandibular data of 30 cases was normalized based on the Procrustes analysis algorithm in MATLAB software. Then, in the Geomagic Wrap software, the 3D mandibular average shape model of the above 30 mandibular data was constructed. Through symmetry processing, curvature sampling, index marking and other processing procedures, a 3D mandible structured template with 18 996 semi-landmarks and 19 indexed mandibular anatomical landmarks were constructed. The open source non-rigid registration algorithm program Meshmonk was used to match the 3D mandible template constructed above with the tested patient's 3D mandible data through non-rigid deformation, and 19 anatomical landmark positions of the patient's 3D mandible data were obtained. The accuracy of the research method was evaluated by comparing the distance error of the landmarks manually marked by stomatological experts with the landmarks marked by the method of this research.@*RESULTS@#The method of this study was applied to the data of 10 patients with normal mandibular morphology. The average distance error of 19 landmarks was 1.42 mm, of which the minimum errors were the apex of the coracoid process [right: (1.01±0.44) mm; left: (0.56±0.14) mm] and maximum errors were the anterior edge of the lowest point of anterior ramus [right: (2.52±0.95) mm; left: (2.57±1.10) mm], the average distance error of the midline landmarks was (1.15±0.60) mm, and the average distance error of the bilateral landmarks was (1.51±0.67) mm.@*CONCLUSION@#The automatic determination method of 3D mandibular anatomical landmarks based on 3D mandibular average shape model and non-rigid registration algorithm established in this study can effectively improve the efficiency of automatic labeling of 3D mandibular data features. The automatic determination of anatomical landmarks can basically meet the needs of oral clinical applications, and the labeling effect of deformed mandible data needs to be further tested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Software , Algorithms , Anatomic Landmarks/anatomy & histology
5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 117-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab (VDZ) in the treatment of active ulcerative colitis (UC).Methods:From November 1, 2020 to October 30, 2022, at the Department of Gastroenterology, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 81 UC patients who received VDZ treatment and completed a 14-week follow-up were retrospectively selected. The clinical data of patients, including age, disease duration, disease activity of UC were collected. The VDZ efficacy evaluation included primary and secondary efficacy indicators. The primary efficacy indicator was the clinical remission rate after 14 weeks of VDZ treatment, and the secondary efficacy indicators included the clinical response rate, steroids-free remission rate, endoscopic remission rate after 14 weeks of treatment as well as the clinical response rate, clinical remission rate, steroids-free remission rate, secondary loss of response rate after 52 weeks of treatment. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recored. Taking clinical remission after 14 weeks of treatment as the dependent variable, univariate analysis was performed to identify the risk factors affecting clinical remission of VDZ. Binary logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis to determine the independent risk factors of VDZ-included clinical remission. Chi-square test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used for statistical analysis.Results:Among the 81 UC patients, the age was 40.0 years old (29.0 years old, 53.5 years old) and the disease duration was 42.5 months (22.5 months, 94.7 months). The proportion of patients with mild active UC was 21.0% (17/81), the proportion of patients with moderate active UC was 64.2% (52/81), and the proportion of patients with severe active UC was 14.8% (12/81). After 14 weeks of treatment, the total Mayo score decreased from baseline level of 7.0 (6.0, 9.0) to 1.0 (0.0, 3.0), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-6.87, P<0.001). The clinical response rate was 84.0% (68/81) and the clinical remission rate was 69.1% (56/81) after 14 weeks of treatment. Of the 17 patients treated with combination of corticosteroid therapy, 10 achieved steroid-free remission, and the endoscopic remission rate was 34.8% (23/66). Of the 43 patients followed up to 52 weeks, the total Mayo score of UC patients decreased from baseline level of 7.0 (6.0, 9.0) to 0.0 (0.0, 1.0) after 52 weeks of treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-3.25, P<0.001). The clinical response rate was 69.8% (30/43), and the clinical remission rate was 65.1% (28/43). Of the 13 patients treated with combination of corticosteroid therapy, 10 patients achieved steroid-free remission. The secondary loss of response rate was 15.2%(5/33) .The result of the univariate analysis showed that previous use of glucocorticoids was a risk factor of clinical remission after 14 weeks of VDZ treatment ( χ2=5.88, P=0.015). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that previous use of glucocorticoids was an independent risk factor of clinical remission after 14 weeks of VDZ treatment ( OR=3.429, 95% confidence interval 1.235 to 9.517, P=0.014). During the follow-up period, 12.3% (10/81) of patients developed Clostridium difficile infections, except for 1 case stopped VDZ treatment because the clinical response was not reached, remaining 9 cases continued VDZ treatment after received anti- Clostridium difficile treatment. Conclusion:VDZ has good clinical efficacy and safety in the treatment of Chinese UC patients, and patients with no history of glucocorticoid use may be more likely to achieve clinical remission after 14 weeks of treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 978-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994791

ABSTRACT

Chronic noncommunicable diseases are heavily burdened in China. In recent years, the digital health has developed rapidly in the medical and health industry, which provides new ways for the prevention, control and management of chronic diseases. The application of digital health includes the electronic health records, remote diagnosis and treatment, monitoring and management of the health status, the development of digital medicine and the digital medical insurance. This article reviews the connotation of digital health and its main applications in the prevention, control and management of chronic diseases, and also discusses the future directions and challenges of digital health.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 438-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis of gallbladder cholesteryl polyps (GCP) and gallbladder cholesterol calculus (GCC) by studying the different changes of mucin (MUC) expression and reverse cholesterol transporter (RCT) in gallbladder mucosa epithelium.Methods:The data of 10 GCP patients (GCP group), 10 GCC patients (GCC group) and 5 patients with normal gallbladder resection (control group) were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent cholecystectomy in the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January to December 2021. Among the 10 patients in the GCP group, there were 5 males and 5 females, aged (43.40±9.59) years old. Among the 10 patients in the GCC group, 5 males and 5 female, aged (45.00±8.13) years old. Among the 5 patients in the control group, there were 3 males and 2 females, aged (43.80±6.01) years old. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to investigate the expression differences of various subtypes of MUC and RCT [ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) and B group type I scavenger receptor (SR-BI)] among each group.Results:Compared with the control group, the expression of MUC1 (3.40±0.70 vs. 0), MUC5AC (1.50±0.53 vs. 0), MUC6 (4.70±0.48 vs. 0), and ABCG1 (3.50±0.53 vs. 1.60±0.55) in the gallbladder mucosa of the GCP group increased, while the expression score of SR-BI decreased (1.70±0.48 vs. 3.40±0.55), with statistical significance (all P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the expression of MUC1 (4.80±0.42 vs. 0), MUC5AC (4.70±0.48 vs. 0), MUC6 (3.30±0.67 vs. 0), and ABCG1 (3.40±0.52 vs. 1.60±0.55) in the gallbladder mucosa of the GCC group increased, while the expression score of SR-BI decreased (0 vs. 3.40±0.55), with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). Conclusion:The different expression levels of MUC1, MUC5AC, MUC6, and RCT proteins lead to the differential formation of GCP and GCC on the basis of the co-pathogenesis in high cholesterol in bile.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 545-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive performance of different machine learning models using pre-hospital data to predict adverse inhospital outcome in patients with severe trauma.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 100 135 patients with severe trauma from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) from January 2017 to December 2018. There were 69 644 males and 30 480 females apart from 11 patients with missing gender information, with the range age of 16-89 years [(50.1±21.1)years]. Clinical characteristics included demographic information (sex and age), trauma type (blunt or penetrating trauma), pre-hospital time [emergency medical services (EMS) response time, EMS scene time, and EMS transport time], pre-hospital vital signs (systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation), trauma score [Glasgow coma score (GCS) and injury severity score (ISS)]. The original data were divided into the training set (in the year 2017) and the testing set (in the year 2018) according to the year of admission, including 50 429 patients in the training set and 49 706 patients in the testing set. The patients were classified into non-adverse outcome group ( n=94 526) and adverse outcome group ( n=5 609), according to whether they had an adverse outcome or not. There were 2 808 patients with adverse outcome in the training set and 2 801 patients with adverse outcome in the testing set. All models were built based on the training set. Eight machine learning algorithms consisting of neural network (NNET), naive Bayes (NB), gradient boosting machine (GBM), adaptive boosting (Ada), random forest (RF), bagging tree (BT), categorical boosting (CatBoost) and extreme gradient boosting (XGB) were used to construct prediction models for clinical outcomes among patients with severe trauma based on their clinical features. Models were evaluated according to the sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. Results:Of the NNET, NB, GBM, Ada, RF, BT, CatBoost and XGB models in the testing set, the sensitivity was 0.84, 0.83, 0.27, 0.79, 0.83, 0.81, 0.62 and 0.78, respectively; the specificity was 0.79, 0.76, 0.81, 0.79, 0.79, 0.74, 0.83 and 0.79, respectively; the AUC was 0.89 (95% CI 0.88, 0.90), 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), 0.54 (95% CI 0.53, 0.55), 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), 0.88 (95% CI 0.88, 0.90), 0.83 (95% CI 0.82, 0.85), 0.77 (95% CI 0.76, 0.79) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87), respectively. The NNET model had the best differentiation. In terms of calibration degree, both NNET and NB showed good performance ( P>0.05 for Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test). Conclusion:The NNET model has a favorable predictive performance for adverse inhospital outcome in patients with severe trauma, which may provide a reference for the rapid prediction of prognosis in patients with severe trauma.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 694-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical observation of Xiaozhang Plaster for external use in the treatment of postprandial discomfort syndrome of qi stagnation functional dyspepsia.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. From January 2019 to January 2022, 128 patients with postprandial discomfort syndrome of functional dyspepsia of qi stagnation type in our hospital were selected and divided into two groups by random number table, with 64 cases in each group. Both groups were orally treated with mosapride citrate tablets. On this basis, the treatment group was combined with external use of Xiaozhang Plaster, and the control group was combined with placebo patch. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. Traditional Chinese Medicine syndrome score, symptom severity and attack frequency score were performed before and after treatment. The quality of life of the patients was assessed with SF-36 Short-form health survey-36 (SF-36), anxiety and depression were assessed with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the growth hormone releasing peptide (Ghrelin), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) The levels of gastrin 17 (G-17), pepsinogen I (PG I) and pepsinogen Ⅱ (PG Ⅱ) levels were observed by ELISA, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 96.88% (62/64) in the treatment group and 81.25% (52/64) in the control group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=8.02, P<0.05). After treatment, the score and total score of epigastric distension, epigastric distension and pain, fullness of both flanks, loss of appetite in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=38.43, 32.39, 38.43, 32.87, 33.74, P<0.01), the score of symptom severity and attack frequency were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=61.42, 33.46, P<0.01), and the score of SF-36 was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t=8.26, P<0.01); The score of HADS was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=38.06, P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of CGRP and G-17 in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 6.22, 29.51, P<0.01), the level of Ghrelin, and the levels of PG Ⅰ, PG Ⅱ were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t=23.85, 13.26, 19.53, P<0.01). Conclusion:On the basis of basic drug treatment, the application of Xiaozhang Plaster for external use to intervene patients with postprandial discomfort syndrome of qi stagnation functional dyspepsia can improve the quality of life, gastrointestinal hormones, anxiety and depression symptoms, and the effect is remarkable.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 464-468,C2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the safety and efficacy of G-iliac? iliac branch device (IBD) in the treatment of common iliac artery aneurysm.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients with common iliac artery aneurysm who were treated with G-iliac? IBD and internal iliac artery (IIA) preserved were retrospectively analyzed in the Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2021 to June 2022, and the surgical effects and related complications were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients were male, aged from 57 to 80 years, with an average age of 70.9 years. There were 6 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm combined with common iliac artery aneurysm and 1 case of simple common iliac artery aneurysm, all of them were successfully applied with G-iliac? IBD to preserve IIA. Cardiogenic shock occurred in 1 patient after the operation. 7 patients were followed up for 3-15 months, with an average of 8 months. During the follow-up period, the iliac artery and IIA stents were all patency, and there was no IBD-related endoleak, stent displacement, buttock claudication, sexual dysfunction, or aortic-related death. The diameter of abdominal aortic aneurysm and common iliac artery aneurysm were stable.Conclusion:For patients with common iliac artery aneurysm, preservation of IIA with G-iliac? IBD is a safe and effective technique with a high technical success rate and IIA patency rate, and has a low complication rate, but the long-term effect still requires more data and longer follow-up data to support.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1242-1249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978613

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of panretinal photocoagulation(PRP)combined with intravitreal conbercept(IVC)for patients with different stages of proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR).METHODS: Retrospective study. The medical records for 100 patients(100 eyes)with PDR treated with PRP combined with IVC from January 2018 to June 2020 were reviewed, including 34 eyes with early PDR(group A), 43 with high-risk PDR(group B), and 23 with fibrovascular PDR(group C). The baseline information, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT), the rate of vitrectomy and retinal detachment of the patients in the three groups at 1, 3, 6mo and the last follow-up after combination treatment were observed.RESULTS: The patients were followed up for 14.60±11.64mo(6-52mo), with a mean age of 54.22 ±9.32 years. We found 15 eyes(15.0%)who underwent vitrectomy after the combination treatment. The vitrectomy rates of the three groups were 2.9% in group A, 13.9% in group B, and 34.7% in group C. We found no instances of retinal detachment after the treatments. Most patients demonstrated improved BCVA and CMT values with the treatments.CONCLUSION: PRP combined with IVC is safe and effective in patients with different PDR stages.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1266-1270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the construction of intelligent pharmacy and quality control of each link in medical institutions. METHODS The problems, difficulties, and risk points in the links of prescription extraction, allocation, drug resource utilization, prescription and child information verification in pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy of our hospital were sorted out to put forward the solutions. The pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system of our hospital was established, and its effectiveness was analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS In response to the risk points of drug accumulation, dispensing errors, being prone to complaints or disputes, safety hazards in dispensing, and pharmacist’s incorrect operation in various stages such as payment, taking medicine and dispensing, pediatric outpatient and emergency intelligent pharmacy service system was established in our hospital by adding intelligent queuing links, enabling “QR codes”, introducing devices such as rapid dispensing machines, intelligent drug racks, and intelligent dismantling machines. After using the system, the average outpatient dispensing speed increased from 37.55 s/piece to 16.97 s/piece (direct delivery prescriptions) and 27.10 s/piece (non-direct delivery prescriptions), and the average emergency dispensing speed increased from 26.98 s/piece to 19.61 s/piece (P< 0.01). The walking distance for pharmacists to dispense prescriptions had decreased from 4-16 m/piece to 2-5 m/piece, and the inventory rate had shortened from 2.0-2.2 h/time to 1.5-1.7 h/time. The rate of dispensing error decreased from 0.003% to 0 (P< 0.01). At the same time, the improvement of pharmaceutical service quality has been demonstrated in terms of shortening the waiting time of family members of child, precise drug supplement and helping family members understand medication information. The application of the system can further promote pediatric outpatient and emergency pharmacy services in our hospital.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 389-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970220

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pathogenesis and risk factors of gallstone formation. Methods: The findings of hepatobiliary ultrasound and related data were collected from healthy subjects who underwent a physical examination at Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2012 to December 2021. A total of 98 344 healthy subjects were included in the study,including 48 241 males and 50 103 females,with a ratio of 1∶1.03,aged (42.0±15.6)years(range:14 to 97 years). The gender,age,body mass index,waist circumference,systolic pressure,diastolic pressure,ALT,AST,total bilirubin,fasting blood glucose,triglyceride,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein,high-density lipoprotein were collected.Healthy subjects were required to sit for at least 10 minutes before blood pressure was measured.Rresults of fasting venous blood were collected after 8 to 12 hours on an empty stomach.According to the presence of gallstones by ultrasound results, healthy subjects were divided into study group and control group. Data were analyzed by rank-sum tests and χ2 test, and risk factors for gallstone formation were explored by Logistic regression analysis. Results: The incidence of gallstones in this group was 5.42%(5 333/98 344). Among them,the incidence of gallstones in people aged 60 years and above was significantly higher than that in people under 60 years old(15.31%(2 348/15 334) vs. 3.60%(2 985/83 010), χ2=3 473.46,P<0.05).The healthy subjects were divided by age for every 10 years,and the results showed that the incidence of gallstones increased with age. The incidence of gallstones in females was 5.68%(2 844/50 103),greater than 5.16%(2 489/48 241) in males(χ2=11.81,P<0.05). Among them,1 478 cases underwent gallbladder surgical resection due to gallstones,and the operation rate was 27.71%. The operation rate reached the peak between 60 and <70 years old,and decreased after 70 years old. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that,female(OR=1.38, P<0.01),age(OR=1.58, P<0.01),body mass index≥24 kg/m2(OR=1.31, P<0.01),waist circumference≥85 cm(OR=1.24, P<0.01),fasting blood glucose>6.1 mmol/L(OR=1.18,P<0.01),total cholesterol≥5.18 mmol/L(OR=0.87, P=0.019),low-density lipoprotein≥3.37 mmol/L(OR=1.15,P=0.001) were the risk factors for gallstone formation;high-density lipoprotein≥1.55 mmol/L(OR=0.87, P<0.01) was a protective factor for gallstone formation. Conclusions: The incidence of gallstones increases with age in male and female. Gender,age,body mass index,waist circumferenc,fasting blood glucose,total cholesterol,LDL,and HDL are related factors with gallstone formation.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1726-1739, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982811

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress, due to the disruption of the balance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the antioxidant defense system, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Excessive ROS leads to the loss of biological molecules and cellular functions, release of many inflammatory mediators, stimulate the polarization of macrophages, and aggravate the inflammatory response, thus promoting osteoclasts and bone damage. Therefore, foreign antioxidants would effectively treat RA. Herein, ultrasmall iron-quercetin natural coordination nanoparticles (Fe-Qur NCNs) with excellent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were constructed to effectively treat RA. Fe-Qur NCNs obtained by simple mixing retain the inherent ability to remove ROS of quercetin and have a better water-solubility and biocompatibility. In vitro experiments showed that Fe-Qur NCNs could effectively remove excess ROS, avoid cell apoptosis, and inhibit the polarization of inflammatory macrophages by reducing the activation of the nuclear factor-κ-gene binding (NF-κB) pathways. In vivo experiments showed that the swollen joints of mice with rheumatoid arthritis treated with Fe-Qur NCNs significantly improved, with Fe-Qur NCNs largely reducing inflammatory cell infiltration, increasing anti-inflammatory macrophage phenotypes, and thus inhibiting osteoclasts, which led to bone erosion. This study demonstrated that the new metal-natural coordination nanoparticles could be an effective therapeutic agent for the prevention of RA and other diseases associated with oxidative stress.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2658-2671, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939939

ABSTRACT

Glioma is a primary aggressive brain tumor with high recurrence rate. The poor efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs crossing the blood‒brain barrier (BBB) is well-known as one of the main challenges for anti-glioma therapy. Moreover, massive infiltrated tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in glioma further thwart the drug efficacy. Herein, a therapeutic nanosystem (SPP-ARV-825) is constructed by incorporating the BRD4-degrading proteolytic targeting chimera (PROTAC) ARV-825 into the complex micelle (SPP) composed of substance P (SP) peptide-modified poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactic acid)(SP-PEG-PDLLA) and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactic acid) (mPEG-PDLLA, PP), which could penetrate BBB and target brain tumor. Subsequently, released drug engenders antitumor effect via attenuating cells proliferation, inducing cells apoptosis and suppressing M2 macrophages polarization through the inhibition of IRF4 promoter transcription and phosphorylation of STAT6, STAT3 and AKT. Taken together, our work demonstrates the versatile role and therapeutic efficacy of SPP-ARV-825 micelle against glioma, which may provide a novel strategy for glioma therapy in future.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 752-756,C1, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Rotarex percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy(PMT) for treatment of lower extremity arterial graft occlusion.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with lower extremity arterial bypass occlusion admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with Rotarex-based endovascular therapy. After 12 months follow-up, the clinical features, surgical outcomes and follow-up data were analyzed to identify effectiveness and safety of the therapy. Independent sample t test was used to analyze the measurement data of continuous normal distribution which were expressed as mean±standard deviation( ± s), enumeration data were expressed as number and percentage, and the comparison between groups were analyzed by chi-square test. Results:A technical success rate of 100% was demonstrated. Rotarex combined with catheter directed thrombolysis was performed in 2 cases, Rotarex combined with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 9 cases. Rotarex combined with stent implantation was performed in 8 patients. The Ankle brachial index significantly increased (0.82±0.14 vs 0.47±0.11, P<0.05). Critical limb ischemia (Rutherford class 4 or higher) improved significantly (0 case vs 9 cases, P<0.05). Distal embolism occurred in 1 patient and acute myocardial infarction occurred in 1 patient. There was no vascular rupture, haemorrhage, infection, pseudoaneurysm, death and amputation. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed 12-month primary patency rate and freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization was 78.9% and 89.5% respectively. Conclusion:Rotarex-based endovascular therapy is a safe and effective treatment for graft occlusion after lower extremity arterial prosthesis bypass with high patency rate and few complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 253-258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928806

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, with the advancement of minimally invasive techniques, thoracoscopic thymoma resection has experienced a development process from three-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) to two-port (TP) and single-port (SP) variants. However, the feasibility and safety of SP-VATS have not been generally recognized. This study intends to explore the safety and feasibility of SP-VATS in thymoma resection, in order to provide a reference for clinical surgicalselection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 197 patients who underwent thoracoscopic thymoma resection in Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2018 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into SP-VATS group (n=42) and TP-VATS group (n=155). After matching propensity scores, there is no statistically significant difference in preoperative baseline data between SP-VATS group and TP-VATS group. Among them, there were 17 males and 25 females with an average age of 28-72 (48.00±9.43) years in the SP-VATS group, and 20 males and 22 females with an average age of 30-75 (50.38±9.83) years in TP-VATS group. The clinical effects of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and there was no conversion to thoracotomy or increased surgical incisions. Compared with the TP-VATS group, the chest drainage time and hospital stay in the SP-VATS group were shorter [(2.95±0.76) d vs (3.33±0.85) d; (4.57±0.83) d vs (5.07±1.13) d], and the visual pain score at 24 h and 72 h after surgery were lower [(3.64±0.85) points vs (4.05±0.66) points; (2.33±0.75) points vs (3.07±0.68) points] (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in operation time [(130.00±26.23) min vs (135.24±27.03) min], intraoperative blood loss [(69.52±22.73) mL vs (82.38±49.23) mL] (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SP-VATS in thymoma is a safe, feasible, and less invasive procedure, with less postoperative pain and faster recovery than multi-port VATS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Thymoma/surgery , Thymus Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 46-53, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928779

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is one of the most prevalent malignancies with the highest morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. In recent years, with the development of immune-oncology research and several therapeutic antibodies have reach the clinic, many breakthroughs have been made in immunotherapy. The advent of immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of NSCLC, but the response and durable clinical benefit are only observed in a small subset of patients. Therefore, strategies to screen the potential beneficial population and improve the efficacy of immunotherapy remain an essential topic. In the current article, the author review the biomarkers that have potential to better predict responders to immunotherapy and to provide ideas for the clinical application of immunotherapy.
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Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/therapy , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 401-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939724

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has become the standard treatment for patients with non-oncogenic advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). While lung cancer is most prevalent in elderly patients, these patients are rarely included in pivotal clinical trial studies. We aimed to describe the efficacy and safety of immunotherapy for elderly patients in the "real-world".@*METHODS@#The data of older NSCLC patients and younger patients who received immunotherapy between July 2018 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and the objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS) in different age groups (less than 60 years old was defined as the young group, 60 years-74 years old was the young old group, 75 years old and above was the old old group) were compared. And the impact of different clinical characteristics on treatment response and prognosis were analyzed in each age subgroup.@*RESULTS@#A total of 21 young patients, 70 young old patients and 15 old old patients were included in this study, with ORR of 33.3%, 52.8% and 53.3%, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.284). The median PFS was 9.1 mon, 7.6 mon and 10.9 mon, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.654). Further analysis of the predictors of immunotherapy in each subgroup revealed that patients in the young old group and young group who received immunotherapy in the first line had a longer PFS. The difference of the incidence of adverse events was not statistically significant among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy and safety of immunotherapy in elderly patients were similar to those in younger patients, and PFS was superior in the first-line immunotherapy. Further prospective studies are still needed to explore predictors of immunotherapy in elderly NSCLC patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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