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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 24-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991122

ABSTRACT

Uveal melanoma(UM)is the most frequent and life-threatening ocular malignancy in adults.Aberrant histone methylation contributes to the abnormal transcriptome during oncogenesis.However,a comprehensive understanding of histone methylation patterns and their therapeutic potential in UM remains enigmatic.Herein,using a systematic epi-drug screening and a high-throughput transcriptome profiling of histone methylation modifiers,we observed that disruptor of telomeric silencing-1-like(DOT1L),a methyltransferase of histone H3 lysine 79(H3K79),was activated in UM,especially in the high-risk group.Concordantly,a systematic epi-drug library screening revealed that DOT1 L inhibitors exhibited salient tumor-selective inhibitory effects on UM cells,both in vitro and in vivo.Combining Cleavage Under Targets and Tagmentation(CUT&Tag),RNA sequencing(RNA-seq),and bioinformatics analysis,we identified that DOT1 L facilitated H3K79 methylation of nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase(NAPRT)and epigenetically activated its expression.Importantly,NAPRT served as an oncogenic accel-erator by enhancing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD+)synthesis.Therapeutically,DOT1L inhi-bition epigenetically silenced NAPRT expression through the diminishment of dimethylation of H3K79(H3K79me2)in the NAPRT promoter,thereby inhibiting the malignant behaviors of UM.Conclusively,our findings delineated an integrated picture of the histone methylation landscape in UM and unveiled a novel DOT1L/NAPRT oncogenic mechanism that bridges transcriptional addiction and metabolic reprogramming.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 180-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hybutimibe monotherapy or in combination with atorvastatin in the treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia. Methods: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-controlled phase Ⅲ clinical trial of patients with untreated primary hypercholesterolemia from 41 centers in China between August 2015 and April 2019. Patients were randomly assigned, at a ratio of 1∶1∶1∶1∶1∶1, to the atorvastatin 10 mg group (group A), hybutimibe 20 mg group (group B), hybutimibe 20 mg plus atorvastatin 10 mg group (group C), hybutimibe 10 mg group (group D), hybutimibe 10 mg plus atorvastatin 10 mg group (group E), and placebo group (group F). After a dietary run-in period for at least 4 weeks, all patients were administered orally once a day according to their groups. The treatment period was 12 weeks after the first dose of the study drug, and efficacy and safety were evaluated at weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12. After the treatment period, patients voluntarily entered the long-term safety evaluation period and continued the assigned treatment (those in group F were randomly assigned to group B or D), with 40 weeks' observation. The primary endpoint was the percent change in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) from baseline at week 12. Secondary endpoints included the percent changes in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride (TG), apolipoprotein B (Apo B) at week 12 and changes of the four above-mentioned lipid indicators at weeks 18, 24, 38, and 52. Safety was evaluated during the whole treatment period. Results: Totally, 727 patients were included in the treatment period with a mean age of (55.0±9.3) years old, including 253 males. No statistical differences were observed among the groups in demographics, comorbidities, and baseline blood lipid levels. At week 12, the percent changes in LDL-C were significantly different among groups A to F (all P<0.01). Compared to atorvastatin alone, hybutimibe combined with atorvastatin could further improve LDL-C, TG, and Apo B (all P<0.05). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in percent changes in LDL-C at week 12 between group C and group E (P=0.991 7). During the long-term evaluation period, there were intergroup statistical differences in changes of LDL-C, TG and Apo B at 18, 24, 38, and 52 weeks from baseline among the statins group (group A), hybutimibe group (groups B, D, and F), and combination group (groups C and E) (all P<0.01), with the best effect observed in the combination group. The incidence of adverse events was 64.2% in the statins group, 61.7% in the hybutimibe group, and 71.0% in the combination group during the long-term evaluation period. No treatment-related serious adverse events or adverse events leading to death occurred during the 52-week study period. Conclusions: Hybutimibe combined with atorvastatin showed confirmatory efficacy in patients with untreated primary hypercholesterolemia, which could further enhance the efficacy on the basis of atorvastatin monotherapy, with a good overall safety profile.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Atorvastatin/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Cholesterol, LDL/therapeutic use , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides , Apolipoproteins B/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Pyrroles/therapeutic use
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4295-4301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008684

ABSTRACT

Ziziphi Spinosae Semen(ZSS) is an edible TCM derived from the dried ripe seeds of Ziziphus jujube Mill. var. spinosa(Bunge)Hu ex H. F. Chou(Rhamnaceae), which has the effects of nourishing the heart, tonifying the liver, calming the heart, tranquilizing the mind, arresting sweating, and promoting fluid production, and is widely used in the treatment and health care of diseases related to cardiovascular, nervous, and immune systems. Jujuboside B(JuB), one of the main active ingredients of ZSS, possesses various pharmacological effects with application values. This paper reviewed the chemical structure and pharmacological effects of JuB. JuB has sedative, hypnotic, antitumor, anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory, and other biological activities, which shows the potential thera-peutic effects on insomnia, tumors, coronary artery disease, airway inflammation, and liver injury. However, there are some limitations to the results of current studies. More comprehensive studies, including basic research and clinical trials, need to be carried out to provide more reliable evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Saponins/pharmacology , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Ziziphus/chemistry
4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 931-936, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986608

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the influence factors and construct a predicted model for liver, lung, bone, or brain metastasis among patients with left or right colorectal cancer. Methods Patients with colorectal cancer with information on liver, lung, bone, and brain metastasis were retrospectively filtered and analyzed from 2010 to 2018 from the SEER database. These patients were divided into three groups based on their primary tumor location. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the influence factors on metastasis. A nomogram that could predict metastasis was established and further validated by the AUC of ROC curves. Results A total of 49335 eligible patients were chosen from the SEER database. N stage and CEA were identified as risk factors for all metastases, which were unrelated to primary tumor location. By contrast, race had varying effects on liver metastasis between different groups (P < 0.05). The nomogram model predicting liver metastasis was successfully established, and the AUCs based on the three groups were 0.821 (95%CI: 0.813-0.830), 0.841 (95%CI: 0.833-0.848), and 0.796 (95%CI: 0.782-0.811), respectively. Conclusion The influence factors and predictive models on liver metastasis were different in patients with colorectal cancer and different primary tumor locations.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 22-28, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936168

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness, safety and factors influencing the clinical prognosis of patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma in T4b by nonsurgical treatments. Methods: The clinical data of 77 patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer treated in the College of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2010 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All were males, aged(57.0±8.0)years old. Patients were treated with induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Kaplan Meier survival analysis was used to compare the effects of different factors on prognosis. Adverse reactions during treatments and the causes of death were analyzed. Results: 98.7% of 77 patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer completed the chemotherapy plan and 94.8% completed the radiotherapy plan. The most common adverse reactions were grade 2 radiation oral mucositis (50/77, 64.9%) and grade 2 leukopenia (50/77, 64.9%). The incidence of grade 3 severe hoarseness was 7.8% (6/77), one patient (1.3%) underwent gastrostomy due to dysphagia, and pronunciation and swallowing function were effectively preserved in other patients. The overall survival rate was 71.9% at 1 year, 45.6% at 3 years and 29.7% at 5 years. The location of tumor, the presence of liquefaction necrosis in tumor, the use of molecular targeted drugs and the approach of radiotherapy were independent factors,each of which that affected the prognosis of T4b patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer [HR (95%CI) were 1.867(1.085-3.213), 3.018 (1.437-6.335), 0.372 (0.181-0.764) and 2.158 (1.015-4.588), respectively, P<0.05]. The two leading causes of death with high incidence were disease recurrence (12/32, 37.5%) and cervical large vessel rupture and hemorrhage (11/32, 34.4%). Conclusions: Non-surgical comprehensive treatment offers a high laryngeal preservation rate in patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer. The location of tumor, the liquefaction necrosis within tumor, the use of molecular targeted drugs, and the approach of radiotherapy are independent prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemoradiotherapy , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 165-176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927592

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to clarify the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on depression. Animal running platforms were used to establish HIIT exercise models, depression models were prepared by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), and depression-related behaviors were detected by behavioral experiments. The results showed that HIIT exercise improved depression-related behavior in CUMS model mice. Western blot and ELISA results showed that in the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and amygdala of the CUMS model mice, glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein expression was down-regulated, and the content of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) was increased, compared with those in the control group, whereas HIIT exercise could effectively reverse these changes in CUMS model mice. These results suggest that HIIT exercise can exert antidepressant effect, which brings new ideas and means for the clinical treatment of depressive diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Behavior, Animal , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus/metabolism , Stress, Psychological/drug therapy
7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 777-782, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of ginsenoside Rb1, calycosin7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (stilbene glucoside), ferulic acid, and rhein in Beisheng granules by UPLC-full wavelength scanning method. Methods:The Waters-ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) chromatographic column was used. The mobile phase was acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid-water solute, a linear gradient, the flow rate was 0.3 ml/min and full-wavelength scanning with detection wavelength of 190-400 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃, and sample volumn was 3 μl.Results:Ginsenoside Rb1, calycosin7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, stilbene glucoside, ferulic acid and rhein were well separated at 203, 260, 320, 316 and 254 nm wavelength, respectively. The linear ranges were 0.013-0.210 μg ( r=0.999 4), 0.027-0.432 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.038-0.600 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.005-0.084 μg ( r=0.999 9), 0.003-0.048 μg ( r=0.999 2). The RSDs of precision, repeatability and stability tests were 0.17%-1.73%, 0.40%-1.49%, 0.21%-1.98% ( n=6), respectively. The recovery rates were 92.71%, 92.44%, 96.83%, 105.71% and 102.61% ( n=6), respectively. Conclusions:The method is simple, rapid and accurate, and can be used as a reference for quality control of Beisheng granules.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1668-1672, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of weight management combined with pharyngoplasty for treatment of obesity-related obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).@*METHODS@#Sixty obese patients with OSAHS were randomly assigned into the combined treatment group and control group (@*RESULTS@#After 6 months of treatment, the patients receiving the combined treatment showed significant reductions of BMI, neck circumference and waist circumference as compared with the measurements before treatment and with those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Weight management combined with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty can produce a good clinical efficacy for treatment of OSAHS with obesity, and the patients should have strengthened continuous family weight management while receiving surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Obesity/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Waist Circumference
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 101-104, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and application of warm fluid in patients with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) internal fixation.@*METHODS@#From November 2012 to December 2016, 80 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA internal fixation, including 35 males and 45 females, aged from 62 to 90 years old. The patients were divided into two groups. In the control group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at the normal temperature liquid(22 to 24 °C) during the operation; in the experimental group 40 patients were infused and rinsed at warm liquid(36.5 to 37.5 °C). The amount of bleeding, the temperature, the occurrence of shiver and the C-reaction protein in the two groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of hypothermia and shiver in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(<0.05). The amount of intraoperative bleeding and C-reaction protein were significantly decreased(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of warm liquid infusion and flushing in PFNA internal fixation can effectively reduce the incidence of hypothermia and shiver, reduce the amount of bleeding in the operation and the infection rate of the surgical site, improve the comfort of the patients, and ensure the safety of the patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Treatment Outcome
10.
Immune Network ; : e24-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715077

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major complication in liver transplantation (LT) and it is closely related to the recovery of grafts' function. Researches has verified that both innate and adaptive immune system are involved in the development of IRI and Kupffer cell (KC), the resident macrophages in the liver, play a pivotal role both in triggering and sustaining the sterile inflammation. Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), released by the initial dead cell because of the ischemia insult, firstly activate the KC through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as toll-like receptors. Activated KCs is the dominant players in the IRI as it can secret various pro-inflammatory cytokines to exacerbate the injury and recruit other types of immune cells from the circulation. On the other hand, KCs can also serve in a contrary way to ameliorate IRI by upregulating the anti-inflammatory factors. Moreover, new standpoint has been put forward that KCs and macrophages from the circulation may function in different way to influence the inflammation. Managements towards KCs are expected to be the effective way to improve the IRI.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Hand , Immune System , Inflammation , Ischemia , Kupffer Cells , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Macrophages , Receptors, Pattern Recognition , Reperfusion Injury , Reperfusion , Toll-Like Receptors
11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 661-664, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732821

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of re-radiotherapy combined with TS-1 (tegafur gimeracil oteracil potassium capsule) in treatment of local recurrent esophageal carcinoma.Methods A total of 63 esophageal carcinoma patients who recurred after the first course radiation treatment admitted to Jiangdu People's Hospital of Yangzhou during January 1,2012 to June 30,2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Twenty-seven of them treated with re-radiotherapy combined with TS-1 were deemed as the research group and 36 of them treated with radiotherapy alone were deemed as the control group based on different treatment.Then the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results The objective response rates were 77.8% (21/27) and 50.0% (18/36) respectively in the research group and control group,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =5.048,P =0.025).The median survival time in the two groups were 21.6 months and 13.7 months,the 1-year (74.1%) and 2-year (44.4%) survival rates of the research group were both higher than those of the control group (52.8% and 30.6%,respectively),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =6.086,P =0.013).The major adverse effects of the research group and control group during the treatment were radiation oesophagitis (92.6% vs.80.5%),radiation pneumonia (18.5% vs.19.4%),myelosuppression (96.3% vs.77.8%) and gastrointestinal reactions (25.9% vs.19.4%).Most of them were 1-2 grade,and there were no statistically significant differences (x2 =0.975,P =0.323;x2 =0.009,P =0.926;x2 =2.941,P =0.086;x2 =0.375,P =0.540).Conclusion The treatment of re-radiotherapy combined with TS-1 for local recurrent esophageal carcinoma can improve the efficacy and prolong survival period,and the adverse reactions are tolerable.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 443-448, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700242

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of H-type hypertension among middle-aged and elderly people in Beijing community. Methods A cross-sectional study by recruiting 1 458 middle-aged and elderly people from a cohort of the "Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging" in 2009 was conducted. All participants were asked to complete a standardized questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory examinations. Hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as homocysteine (Hcy) > 15 μmol/L, and H- type hypertension was defined as having hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia simultaneously. The prevalence of H-type hypertension was estimated by using the results of 2000 Beijing population census to weight the data. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was preformed to estimate the associated factors of H-type hypertension. Results The age was (69.48 ± 8.09) years, and the distribution of Hcy was skewed with the median of 16.56 μmol/L. After weight, the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia was 57.20% (834/1 458), and the prevalence of H-type hypertension was 35.32% (515/1 458), accounting for 59.47% (515/866) in patients with hypertension. The ageing, male, hyperuricemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and insufficiency of fishes/ shrimps were independent risk factors of H-type hypertension ( OR = 2.30, 1.04, 1.02, 0.95 and 0.67; 95% CI 1.54-3.44, 1.02-1.06, 1.04-1.06, 0.94-0.97 and 0.46-0.97; P<0.01 or<0.05). Conclusions The proportion of H-type hypertension is high in the middle-aged and elderly people in Beijing community. Lowering uric acid, protection of renal function and intake sufficient fishes and shrimps might prevent and control H-type hypertension.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 179-183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737929

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rates on prevalence,awareness,treatment and control of hypertension in population older than 15 years of age in Beijing,2013-2014.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Beijing between 2013-2014.Stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select representative sample of 13 057 Chinese individuals aged over 15 years,from the general population.Blood pressure was measured for three readings at sitting position after resting for at least five minutes with an average reading recorded.A standardized structured questionnaire was developed to collect history of hypertension and antihypertensive treatment.Results A total of 4 663 community residents aged over 15 years were hypertensive among the 13 057 individuals,with the standardized prevalence rate as 32.7%,in Beijing area.The age-standardized prevalence rates of hypertension appeared 34.6% in men and 30.8% in women.The age-and sexstandardized prevalence of hypertension rates were 33.3% in urban and 24.6% in rural areas.The prevalence of hypertension increased with age and appeared higher in men than in women,in urban than in rural residents.Among the hypertensive patients,rates of awareness,treatment and control were 66.8%,64.6% and 31.6%,respectively.Conclusion High prevalence of hypertension with low rates on awareness and treatment and control,appeared in the general population of Beijing.Related strategies should be developed regarding prevention,control and management of hypertension,to reduce the burden of this disease.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 179-183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rates on prevalence,awareness,treatment and control of hypertension in population older than 15 years of age in Beijing,2013-2014.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Beijing between 2013-2014.Stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select representative sample of 13 057 Chinese individuals aged over 15 years,from the general population.Blood pressure was measured for three readings at sitting position after resting for at least five minutes with an average reading recorded.A standardized structured questionnaire was developed to collect history of hypertension and antihypertensive treatment.Results A total of 4 663 community residents aged over 15 years were hypertensive among the 13 057 individuals,with the standardized prevalence rate as 32.7%,in Beijing area.The age-standardized prevalence rates of hypertension appeared 34.6% in men and 30.8% in women.The age-and sexstandardized prevalence of hypertension rates were 33.3% in urban and 24.6% in rural areas.The prevalence of hypertension increased with age and appeared higher in men than in women,in urban than in rural residents.Among the hypertensive patients,rates of awareness,treatment and control were 66.8%,64.6% and 31.6%,respectively.Conclusion High prevalence of hypertension with low rates on awareness and treatment and control,appeared in the general population of Beijing.Related strategies should be developed regarding prevention,control and management of hypertension,to reduce the burden of this disease.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 776-781, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266908

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nontraumatic spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with a high mortality. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological features of nontraumatic spontaneous SAH in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to December 2008, the clinical data of patients with nontraumatic SAH from 32 major neurosurgical centers of China were evaluated. Emergent digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed for the diagnosis of SAH sources in the acute stage of SAH (≤3 days). The results and complications of emergent DSA were analyzed. Repeated DSA or computed tomography angiography (CTA) was suggested 2 weeks later if initial angiographic result was negative.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2562 patients were enrolled, including 81.4% of aneurysmal SAH and 18.6% of nonaneurysmal SAH. The total complication rate of emergent DSA was 3.9% without any mortality. Among the patients with aneurysmal SAH, 321 cases (15.4%) had multiple aneurysms, and a total of 2435 aneurysms were detected. The aneurysms mostly originated from the anterior communicating artery (30.1%), posterior communicating artery (28.7%), and middle cerebral artery (15.9%). Among the nonaneurysmal SAH cases, 76.5% (n = 365) had negative initial DSA, including 62 cases with peri-mesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH (PNSAH). Repeated DSA or CTA was performed in 252 patients with negative initial DSA, including 45 PNSAH cases. Among them, the repeated angiographic results remained negative in 45 PNSAH cases, but 28 (13.5%) intracranial aneurysms were detected in the remaining 207 cases. In addition, brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM, 7.5%), Moyamoya disease (7.3%), stenosis or sclerosis of the cerebral artery (2.7%), and dural arteriovenous fistula or carotid cavernous fistula (2.3%) were the major causes of nonaneurysmal SAH.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DSA can be performed safely for pathological diagnosis in the acute stage of SAH. Ruptured intracranial aneurysms, AVM, and Moyamoya disease are the major causes of SAH detected by emergent DSA in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Arteriovenous Malformations , Epidemiology , Mortality , Cerebral Angiography , China , Epidemiology , Hospitals , Intracranial Aneurysm , Epidemiology , Mortality , Moyamoya Disease , Epidemiology , Mortality , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Mortality , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 120-125,126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606237

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of Glucogon like pep tide-1 (GLP-1 )on H9C2 cardio-myocytes against AGEs-induced apoptosis and the po-tential molecular mechanisms.Methods H9 C2 car-diomyocytes cells cultured in vitro were divided into the following groups:normal control group ,1 0 0 mg · L-1 AGEs group,100 mg·L-1 AGEs+10 nmol·L-1 GLP-1 group,100 mg·L-1 AGEs+5 mmol·L-1 N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC)group.Cell viabillity rate was meas-ured by CCK-8 assay,ROS production was measured by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe;Cells in different groups were stained with Annexin V-FITC/PI and then apoptotic rate was detected by flow cytometry;Nucleus morphology was observed under fluorescence micro-scope after being incubated with Honchest 33258;Bax, Bcl-2 mRNA gene expression was measured using RT-PCR;Western blot was applied to assess the apoptotic components expression including Bax and Bcl-2.Re-sult Compared with control group,cell viability rate in AGEs group was decreased in a dose-dependent manner;cell apoptosis and ROS production in H9 C2 cells were remarkably increased in AGEs group.How-ever,compared with AGEs group,GLP-1 reduced ROS production and ameliorated cell apoptosis caused by AGEs;the expression of pro-apototic proteins Bax was decreased,the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins like Bcl-2 was increased. Conclusion GLP-1 protects H9 C2 cardiomyocytes against AGEs-induced apoptosis, which may be related to the reduction of the active oxy-gen (ROS).

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2659-2665, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230904

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>High cost of imported pacemakers is a main obstacle for Chinese patients suffering from bradyarrhythmia, and a domestically developed pacemaker will help lower the burden. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Qinming8631 DR (Qinming Medical, Baoji, China), the first domestically developed dual-chamber pacemaker of China, compared with a commercially available pacemaker Talos DR (Biotronik, Berlin, Germany) in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective randomized trial was conducted at 14 centers in China. Participants were randomized into trial (Qinming8631 DR) and control (Talos DR) groups. Parameters of the pacing systems were collected immediately after device implantation and during follow-ups. The effective pacing rate at 6-month follow-up was recorded as the primary end point. Electrical properties, magnet response, single- and double-pole polarity conversion, rate response function, and adverse events of the pacing system were analyzed. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel Chi-square test, paired t-test, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used for measuring primary qualitative outcomes and comparing normally and abnormally distributed measurement data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 225 patients with a diagnosis of bradyarrhythmia and eligible for this study were randomly enrolled into the trial (n = 113) and control (n = 112) groups. They underwent successful pacemaker implantation with acceptable postoperative pacing threshold and sensitivity. Effective pacing rates of trial and control groups were comparable both in the full analysis set and the per protocol set (81.4% vs. 79.5%, P = 0.712 and 95.4% vs. 89.5%, P = 0.143, respectively). In both data sets, noninferiority of the trial group was above the predefined noninferiority limit(-9.5%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study established the noninferiority of Qinming8631 DR to Talos DR. The safety and efficacy of Qinming8631 DR pacemaker were comparable to those of Talos DR in treating patients with cardiac bradyarrhythmia.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bradycardia , Therapeutics , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Methods , China , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prospective Studies
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1316-1321, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256602

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether heart tissue-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) promotes the differentiation of cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) implanted in rat infracted myocardium to improve the cardiac structure and function.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat CDCs were cultured by cardiac explant methods, and ECM was prepared by decelluariztion method. In a Wistar rat model of acute myocardial infarction established by ligating the left anterior descending branch, IMDM solution, ECM suspension, 10CDCs in IMDM solution, or 10CDCs in ECM suspension were injected into the infracted rat myocardium (6 rats in each group). The cardiac function of the rats was evaluated by cardiac ultrasonography, and the percentage of positive heart fibrosis area after infarction was determined with Masson staining. The differentiation of implanted CDCs in the infarcted myocardium was detected using immunofluorescence assay for the markers of cardiac muscle cells (α-SA), vascular endothelial cells (vWF) and smooth muscle cells (α-SMA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three weeks after acute myocardial infarction, the rats with injection of CDCs in ECM showed the highest left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and percentage of fraction shortening with the lowest percentage of positive heart fibrosis area; implantation of CDCs with ECM resulted in significantly higher rates of CDC differentiation into cardiac muscle cells, vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cell (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Heart-tissue derived ECM significantly promotes the differentiation of CDCs implanted in the infracted myocardium into cardiac muscle cells, vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells to improve the cardiac structure and cardiac functions in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Extracellular Matrix , Transplantation , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Transplantation , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Rats, Wistar
19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1609-1615, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256550

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CD8CD28/CD8CD28T lymphocyte balance in predicting the gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine IBD patients, including 30 with ulcerous colitis (UC) and 19 with Crohn's disease (CD), were enrolled to test peripheral blood CD8CD28and CD8CD28T cells using flow cytometry. All the patients were followed up for one year. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to test the efficiency of CD8CD28/CD8CD28T lymphocyte balance to predict GH. The differences in lasting time of remission (LTR) under different factors were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and the correlation between CD8T lymphocytes and the factors were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The utilization rates of immunosuppressant, steroids, and biological agent (BA) were significantly higher in CD patients than in UC patients (P=0.003, 0.043 and 0.002, respectively). The frequencies of CD8CD28T cells were obviously higher in UC patients than those in CD patients (t=3.022, P=0.004). CD8CD28T cells, CD8CD28T cells, and especially CD8CD28/CD8CD28ratio (area under curve of 0.977, P=0.000; cut-off value of 1.14 [13.95%/12.24%] with a sensitivity of 93.3% and a specificity of 91.2%) showed good efficiencies in predicting GH (P<0.01). The mean and median of LTR of IBD patients who did not receive BA or surgical treatment were significantly longer (Χ=9.730, P=0.002; Χ=15.981, P=0.000). CD8CD28/CD8CD28ratio was significantly related to both BA (P=0.009) and surgery (P=0.038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both decreased CD8CD28T cells and elevated CD8CD28T cells are closely correlated with GH, and their ratio can predict the occurrence of GH with a high sensitivity and specificity and is correlated with BA and surgery at the cut-off value of 1.14.</p>

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 259-266, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310668

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cardiovascular diseases, including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertension, are the leading cause of death worldwide. The role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the pathogenesis of these diseases has not been completely clarified. In this study, we evaluate whether A8701G mutation is associated with maternally inherited hypertension and DCM in a Chinese pedigree of a consanguineous marriage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fourteen subjects in a three-generation Han Chinese family with hypertension and DCM, in which consanguineous marriage was present in the parental generation, were interviewed. We divided all the family members into case (7 maternal members) and control group (7 nonmaternal members) for comparison. Clinical evaluations and sequence analysis of mtDNA were obtained from all participants. Frequency differences between maternal and nonmaternal members were tested to locate the disease-associated mutations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of the family members presented with a maternal inheritance of hypertension and DCM. Sequence analysis of mtDNA in this pedigree identified eight mtDNA mutations. Among the mutations identified, there was only one significant mutation: A8701G (P = 0.005), which is a homoplasmic mitochondrial missense mutation in all the matrilineal relatives. There was no clear evidence for any synergistic effects between A8701G and other mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A8701G mutation may act as an inherited risk factor for the matrilineal transmission of hypertension and DCM in conjunction with genetic disorders caused by consanguineous marriage.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Genetics , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Hypertension , Genetics , Mitochondrial Proton-Translocating ATPases , Genetics , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Risk Factors
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