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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921538

ABSTRACT

The development of science and technology and the increasing demand of rehabilitation have driven the integration between artificial intelligence and rehabilitation medicine.In this study,statistical methods,document visualization tools,and other analysis methods were used in the Citespace software to analyze China's research status of artificial intelligence in the field of rehabilitation medicine with the key words of co-occurrence,emergence,and clustering.The relevant research hot spots were then classified and expounded.The results demonstrated that the current hot spots of artificial intelligence related to rehabilitation medicine included robots,brain-computer interfaces,human-computer interaction,and motor imagery.According to the clustering of key words and literature analysis,the five themes of artificial intelligence in rehabilitation medicine were determined as robot,brain-computer interface,intelligent rehabilitation training system,human-computer interaction,and assisted diagnosis and remote rehabilitation.Robotics and human-computer interaction would still be the research hot spots in the long future,and brain-computer interfaces,motor imagery,and remote rehabilitation would be new ones.This study analyzed the current hot spots,predicted the development trends,discussed the limitations,and proposed suggestions,aiming to provide reference for other scholars focusing on the application of artificial intelligence in rehabilitation medicine.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , China , Humans , Robotics
2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1160-1164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment of hip fractures in the elderly.Methods:Clinical data of 83 elderly patients with hip fractures treated non-operatively from March 2012 to March 2017 who had met the criteria of inclusion and exclusion were included.They were divided into the death group and the survival group according to whether they had died within one year after non-operative treatment.Univariate and multivariate regression analysis were used to screen risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment.Results:Of the 83 patients, 26(31.3%)died within one year, including 10(38.5%)from pulmonary infections and 6(23.1%)from acute myocardial infarction.Univariate analysis showed that age, gender, walking ability before a fracture, number of comorbidities, coronary heart disease and COPD each had a significant impact on the death of patients within one year after receiving non-operative treatment( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age(≥76 years old)( OR=12.704, P=0.001), COPD( OR=5.870, P=0.042)and coronary heart disease( OR=7.451, P=0.007)were independent risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment. Conclusions:The mortality is as high as 31.3% in elderly patients with hip fractures within one year after non-operative treatment.The main cause of death is pulmonary infections.Age(≥76 years old), COPD and coronary heart disease are independent risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the consistency and detection capability of seven 2019-nCoV nucleic acid detection kits, and provide reference for detection method selection of clinical laboratory and diagnosis of new coronavirus pneumonia.Methods:Two batches of pharyngeal swab samples were collected from tenpatients with confirmed infection of 2019-nCoV and 10 suspected patients with negative 2019-nCoV test results during January 29 to February 5, 2020 in Shenzhen Luohu People′s Hospital. Seven kinds of kits were labeled as ato g and used for nucleic acid detection respectively to evaluate the consistency of the test results of the clinical samples. A 2019-nCoV positive specimen was selected and diluted to 5-concentration gradient plates (Level-1 to 5) with RNase-free water. The positive detection rate and intra-batch repeatability of different brands of kits were compared.Results:The negative and positive coincidence rates of twenty clinical samples tested by six kinds of kits were 100%, and the positive and negative coincidence rate was 8/10 and 10/10 for the other kit, respectively. The results of intra-batch repeatability showed the CVs of viral loads tested by these seven kits were all less than 5%. In the concentration range of Level-1 to 3, the detection capability for open reading frame (ORF)1ab gene of Kit b,d and f was lower than Kit a,c,e and g, and the detection capability of kit e and g was the highest (14/15). The detection capability for N gene of Kit a (15/15) was higher than the other 5 kits. The comprehensive analysis of the detection capability for ORF1ab and N gene showedthat Kit d had the lowest detection capability (ORF1ab:40%,N:53%), and there was no significant difference in the detection capability of Kit a, b, c, e, and f.Conclusions:There was no significant difference in the accuracy and repeatability of the seven kits for positive samples with high viral loads, and the detection performance was good; but some kits had poor detection capability for weak positive samples. It is suggested that the weak positive samples should be rechecked by at least two manufacturers′ kits to ensure the accuracy of the results.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837854

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL), so as to better understand the tumor. Methods The diagnosis and treatment of a patient with PHL misdiagnosed as hepatic hemangioma were reported, and the domestic literatures were reviewed from 1975 to 2019 to sum up the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis characteristics of PHL. Results This patient had no specific clinical manifestations, and was misdiagnosed as hepatic hemangioma in other hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination in our hospital showed that the tumor had malignant features and vessel floating sign, suggesting the possibility of malignancy. The patient was treated with resection of multiple hepatic tumors +hepatoduodenal lymph node dissection +cholecystectomy. Postoperative pathological results showed that the tumor was composed of large patches of lymphoid cells with few cytoplasm and atypical nuclei; the tumor had no obvious envelope; and the peripheral liver tissues were infiltrated. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the cells in follicular zone were mostly CD20 (+), and the cells in germinal center were CD10 (+), Bcl-6 (+) and Bcl-2 (+), Ki-67 (80%). Primary hepatic B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) was diagnosed finally. A total of 376 PHL patients were reported in 91 domestic literatures, with an average age of 48.8±9.6 years and a male-to female ratio of 1.69:1. The imaging was characterized by single lesion and vessel floating sign, lack of blood supply. The levels of lactic dehydrogenase were increased in 146 cases (38.8%). Totally 132 cases (35.1%) were misdiagnosed and the final diagnosis depended on pathological findings. Survival analysis results showed that the prognosis of B-NHL patients was significantly better than that of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (T-NHL) patients (median overall survival time: 36.4 months vs 20.7 months, P=0.009); the prognosis of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma patients was significantly better than that of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients (52.0 months vs 30.0 months, P=0.049); and the prognosis of B-NHL patients treated with surgery combined with postoperative chemotherapy was significantly better compared with those treated with surgery alone and those treated with chemotherapy alone (45.6 months vs 23.9 months and 7.7 months, P=0.016). Conclusion Primary hepatic lymphoma is a rare tumor without characteristic clinical features, and its diagnosis needs to be combined with medical history, clinical manifestations, and imaging and laboratory examination. Once PHL is confirmed, it should be treated actively by surgery combined with chemotherapy or comprehensive chemotherapy..

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805339

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells(UC-MSCs) on the pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis rats.@*Methods@#SPF male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, silica model group and UC-MSCs treatment group with 12 rats each group. SiO2 intra-tracheal injection(0.5 ml of 50 mg/ml/rat) were applied to silica model group and UC-MSCs treatment groups. After that UC-MSCs treatment group received 1 ml UC-MSCs suspension (3×106 cells/ml) by tail vein injection on the 29th, 36th, 43th and 50th day after exposure to the first silica suspension. On the 60th and 75th day after exposure to silica suspension, all animals were examed for pulmonary CT. Then the rats were euthanized on 75th day after the first exposure to silica.Lung's histopathological examination of the rats from all the groups were carried out. The content of hydroxyproline in lungs, TGF-β1 and IL-6 in serum were examined.@*Results@#The lung's histopathological examination showed no obvious inflammatory cell and no fibrosis in the lung tissue of the control group, there were a lot of inflammatory cell aggregation and collagen fiber deposition in silica model group, while in the UC-MSCs intervention group and treatment group, there were less inflammatory cells and collagen fiber. The rats from silica model groups had higher HYP, TGF-β1 and IL-6 than the rats from UC-MSCs treatment group and control group. Lung fields of rats in the control group were clear and no obvious high-density shadow. Different-sized granular high-density shadows or reticular fibrous shadows were found diffusely distributed in the lungs of the rats in silica model group. Lung field of rats in UC-MSCs intervention group and treatment group were less high density shadows, and more clear.@*Conclusion@#UC-MSCs can alleviate the pulmonary fibrosis in silica model rats through regulating the secretion of some fibrosis related cytokines.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692316

ABSTRACT

A method was established for the determination of chlorpyrifos metabolites employing QuEChERS method and ultra performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTRAP). The urine samples were extracted by acetonitrile and then cleaned up with PSA and GCB. The samples were separated with the gradient elution of acetonitrile-0.2% ammonia water on ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18column. The analytes were detected by tandem mass spectrometry under negative ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI) source and MRM-IDA-EPI mode. Under the optimized conditions, the calibration curve was linear in range of 1.0-100.0 μg/L,and the limits of detection were 0.10-0.73 μg/L. The average recoveries were 80.3%-90.1%, and RSDs were all within 10%. The developed method was simple,sensitive,accurate,and repeatable,and could avoid false positive result of samples effectively. The established method was successfully applied to determine the exposure level of chlorpyrifos metabolites in real samples of human health risk analysis. The results showed that the maximum concentration of chlorpyrifos metabolites was 54.6 μg/L. This method provided technic support for simultaneous identification and quantification of chemicals in complex matrix.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1418-1422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734498

ABSTRACT

The treatment of elderly hip fracture becomes one of key points and difficulties in clinical work in traumatic orthopedics department due to its increasing incidence rate and complicated situation. In this article ,the key points and features of prevention ,diagnostic classification and treatment of hip fracture in the elderly were briefly overviewed. And the new ideas and models in the field of elderly hip fracture therapy were summarized in order to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of hip fracture in the elderly.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1352-1356, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734483

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of long-term treatment with Teriparatide on osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.Methods T he elderly patients w ith osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited. They received proximal femoral nail anti-rotation(PFNA)surgery with the combined intakes of calcium of 600 mg/day and 1-alpha ,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 analogs of 0.5 μg/day as a basic standard treatment protocol(BSTP).The study subjects included control group(n= 10)who underwent PFNA surgery plus oral calcium and vitamin D supplements without teriparatide (20 μg/d) ,and the observation group who received PFNA surgery plus oral calcium and vitamin D supplements with teriparatide (20 μg/d) , for more than twelve months or over at our department from October 2012 to February 2016. Gender ,age ,socio-demographics and clinical values of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA )score ,fracture types ,preoperative serum albumin level ,preoperative BM I ,bone mineral density 1 week postoperatively ,serum N-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (PINP) and C-terminal telopeptides of type 1 collagen(β-CTX)1 week postoperatively were matched between the two groups , no statistically significant difference was found(all P>0.05).Levels of PINP and β-CTX 3 ,6 and 12 months postoperatively ,BMD 1 year postoperatively ,fracture healing time and complications were compared between the two groups. The prognosis of 1 case of patient undergoing conservative treatment was observed. Results There was no significant difference between the two groups in serum levels of PINP and β-CTX 1 week postoperatively(P=0.362 and 0.517 ,respectively).Serum level of PINP was significantly increased in observation group at 3 ,6 and 12 months postoperatively versus at 1 week postoperatively(P= 0.008 ,0.001 and 0.004 ,respectively) ,while serum level of PINP had no significant difference in control group at 3 ,6 and 12 months postoperatively versus at 1week postoperatively(P> 0.05).Serum levels of PINP 3 ,6 and 12 months postoperatively were higher in the observation group than in control ( P= 0. 002 ,0. 002 and 0. 000 ,respectively ). In the observation group ,serum β-CTX level reached the peak at 6 months after surgery ,which was higher than that at 1 week after surgery(P=0.041) ,and slowly decreased at 12 months after surgery.In the control group ,β-CTX slowly increased at 3 ,6 and 12 months postoperatively versus at 1 week postoperatively ( P > 0.05 ). There was no significant difference in BMD of lumbar spine and contralateralhipbetweenthetwogroupsat1weekpostoperatively(P=0.440and0.325).At1year postoperatively versus at 1 week postoperatively ,the BMD of lumbar spine and contralateral hip was increased(P=0.039 and 0.009)in the observation group ,while was decreased(P> 0.05)in control group. The fracture healing time was shorter in observation group than in control group (13.6 ± 2.2 weeks vs.17.6 ± 3.4 weeks ,P=0.033).No one had a delayed fracture healing in observation group and 1 patient showed a delayed fracture healing in the control group. There were no complications such as lag screw sliding ,refracture ,pressure ulcer and deep vein thrombosis in both groups. The fracture nonunion was found in the patient undergoing conservative treatment after 20 months of teriparatide treatment. Conclusions The medium-and long-term of teriparatide treatment can significantly promote bone formation ,improve BMD of the lumbar spine and hip ,and shorten fracture healing time in patients with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture ,but it is not a substitute for surgical treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1343-1347, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734481

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes and prognosis of conservative treatment for hip fracture in the elderly. Methods The 47 elderly patients undergoing conservative treatment for hip fracture were recruited and retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from July 2014 to June 2017. The causes of conservative treatment and corresponding therapeutic methods were analyzed ,and hip joint function ,complications ,survival situation at 12-36 months after fracture were followed up. Results A total of 47 hip fracture patients aged(80.0 ± 7.2)years(range ,63-92 years)with 25 females and 22 males included 30 cases with femoral neck fractures and 17 cases with intertrochanteric fractures.Details of prognosis of treatments in all (100% )patients followed for 12-36 months after fracture were as follows :(1 ) In treatment methods ,43 patients were treated with bed-rest immobilization after discharge from hospital and 4 patients were rehospitalized for surgery due to pain and intolerance of long-term bedridden. (2)There were 40 patients with three comorbidities or more , accounting for 85.1% of the total.11 cases had surgical contraindications.27 cases choose conservative treatment due to the high risk of surgery.9 cases gave up surgery due to psychological or economic reasons. (3)In complications and death ,complications were found in 43(91.5% ,43/47)patients with conservative treatment ,including pneumonia(37.2% ,16/43 cases ,)and bedsore(51.2% ,22/43 cases). (4)In fracture healing and hip joint function ,among the 43 patients receiving conservative treatment , hip fractures were not healed in 31 patients ,and fractures were malunited in 12 patients. Hip Harris score was poor in 31 cases and fair in 12 cases. The mortality rate within 1 year after fracture is high in the elderly hip fracture patients with conservative treatment and complication incidence rates are also high.Most of them have poor function recovery of hip joint ,and clinical results are not good. Conclusions The elderly hip fracture patients with conservative treatment have a high rate of complications and mortality within 1 year after fracture.Most of them have poor hip joint function recovery.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1328-1331, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for postoperative cardiorespiratory complications within one month after operative treatment of hip fracture in the elderly. Methods Data of clinical examination ,samples test ,CT or MRI images were collected in 665 hip fracture patients aged 60 years and over who were admitted to our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014. Risk factors for postoperative cardiorespiratory complications within one month after operation were analyzed by correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results The incidence of postoperative complications in cardiovascular system was 4.5% (30/665)in all patients.The risk factors for postoperative circulatory complications included gender ,high white blood cell(WBC)counts before operation ,hypoalbuminemia ,a low hemoglobin level (< 35 g/L ) ,renal insufficiency , hyponatremia ,pulmonary arterial hypertension ,segmental ventricular wall abnormal motion ,abnormal ST segment changes. The incidence of postoperative complications in respiratory system was 6.9% (46/665)in all patients. The risk factors for postoperative respiratory complications included high WBC counts before operation ,hypoalbuminemia ,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ) , bronchiectasis and emphysema ,history of respiratory failure and abnormal lung markings (P<0.05 or P< 0.01 ). Conclusions The elderly hip fracture patients have high incidence of postoperative respiratory and circulatory complications , and risk factors for these complications include accompanying diseases ,hypoalbuminemia ,abnormal echocardiography and electrocardiogram and hyponatremia.

11.
Singapore medical journal ; : 439-448, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687870

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Previous trials have demonstrated reductions in atopic dermatitis (AD) incidence when healthy, high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants were fed until four months of age with 100% whey-based partially hydrolysed formula (PHF-W) versus standard cow's milk formula (CMF). We assessed the cost-effectiveness of this intervention in Singapore.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Modelling techniques were used to simulate, from birth to Month 30, the incidence and clinical/economic burden of AD in high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants fed with PHF-W or CMF for up to four months. Epidemiologic and clinical data were from a local comparative trial. Expert opinion informed AD treatment patterns and outcomes. Outcomes included reduction in AD risk, time spent with AD, days without AD flare, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and direct/indirect costs. Multivariate probabilistic sensitivity analysis was used to assess model parameter uncertainty.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Over 30 months, with the use of PHF-W instead of CMF, the proportion of children who developed AD and the time spent with AD decreased by 16.0% (28.3% vs. 44.3%) and 6.4 months, respectively, while time without AD flare and QALYs increased by 14.9 days and 0.021 QALYs per patient, respectively. Estimated AD-related discounted costs per child for PHF-W and CMF were SGD 771 and SGD 1,309, respectively (net savings: SGD 538). PHF-W was less expensive and more effective than CMF for 73%, and cost less than SGD 50,000 per QALY for 87% of all multivariate simulations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early short-term nutritional intervention with PHF-W instead of CMF may reduce AD incidence and costs for healthy, high-risk, non-exclusively breastfed infants in Singapore.</p>

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1188-1191, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695406

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To research the morphological and fuctional change of human retinal pigment epithelium ( RPE ) induced by mobile phone screen light in vitro and the mRNA express of apoptotic inhibitor B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2), Bcl2-Associated X(Bax) and apoptotic actuators Caspase-3 in different groups. ·METHODS: Cultured human RPE cells were divided into different group in random. According to the time of exposing, the four groups were 3h group, 6h group, 12h group and no light-exposed group. Cells of different groups were exposed to the opening mobile phone that was kept high-light brightness and playing on the colorful picture on silent mode. The morphological and functional change of RPE was quantified after exposed by HE staining, TUNEL staining, MTT, and use the technology of polymerase chain reaction ( PCR) to detect the mRNA express of apoptotic inhibitor Bcl-2, Bax and apoptotic actuators Caspase-3 in different groups. ·RESULTS: The different was not statistically significant (P>0. 05) in the way of HE staining, TUNEL staining and MTT. The expression of Bcl - 2, Bax and Capase - 3 intracellular was no difference statistically significant in 3h, 6h group to no exposure group on the way of PCR (P>0. 05). But as the time of exposed increased to 12h, the expression of apoptotic inhibitor Bcl-2 decreased, at the same time the expression of apoptotic actuators Bax and Caspase - 3 increased, and the different was statistically significant (P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: The human RPE would be injured under the constantly high- light brightness of mobile phone screen as the man-made light source.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Many metals, some of which have been classified as environmental endocrine disruptors, are used extensively in everyday consumer products and are ubiquitous in our living environment. In the present study, we aimed to explore the associations between the prevalence risk of type 2 diabetes and plasma levels of 20 trace elements as well as those of heavy metals in a Han Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a case-control study to investigate the associations between plasma concentrations of 20 metals and diabetes in Jiangsu province. A total of 122 newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes and 429 matched controls were recruited from community physical examinations in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province. Plasma metal levels were measured by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After adjusting for confounders, plasma vanadium, chromium, manganese, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, strontium, palladium, cadmium, cesium, and barium were associated with diabetes risk (P < 0.05). The adjusted OR increased with increasing concentration of vanadium, manganese, copper, zinc, and cesium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Many metals, including manganese, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, and cadmium in plasma, are associated with the morbidity of diabetes. Monitoring of environmental metal levels and further studies are urgently needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Blood , Environmental Pollutants , Blood , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Metals , Blood , Middle Aged , Risk Factors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285292

ABSTRACT

Early brain injury (EBI) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the role of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) in EBI after SAH. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=108) weighing 260±40 g were divided into control, sham-operated, and operated groups. Blood was injected into the prechiasmatic cistern of rats in the operated group. Neurological scores, ultrastructures of neurons, apoptosis, and GRP78 expression in the hippocampus were examined using Garcia scoring system, transmission electron microscopy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling, and Western blotting at 1, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after SAH, respectively. The results showed that neurological scores were significantly decreased in the operated group as compared with those in control and sham-operated groups at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h. Metachromatin, chromatin pyknosis at the edge, endoplasmic reticulum swelling, and invagination of nuclear membrane were observed at 24 h in the operated group, indicating the early morphological changes of apoptosis. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased in the operated group as compared with that in control and sham-operated groups at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h. The GRP78 protein expression levels in the operated group were significantly elevated at all time points and reached the peak at 12 h. GRP78 expression was positively associated with apoptosis cells and negatively with neurological scores. In conclusion, EBI was demonstrated to occur after SAH and GRP78 was involved in the development of EBI after SAH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries , Metabolism , Pathology , Chromatin , Pathology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Metabolism , Pathology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638097

ABSTRACT

Early brain injury (EBI) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the role of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) in EBI after SAH. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=108) weighing 260±40 g were divided into control, sham-operated, and operated groups. Blood was injected into the prechiasmatic cistern of rats in the operated group. Neurological scores, ultrastructures of neurons, apoptosis, and GRP78 expression in the hippocampus were examined using Garcia scoring system, transmission electron microscopy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling, and Western blotting at 1, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after SAH, respectively. The results showed that neurological scores were significantly decreased in the operated group as compared with those in control and sham-operated groups at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h. Metachromatin, chromatin pyknosis at the edge, endoplasmic reticulum swelling, and invagination of nuclear membrane were observed at 24 h in the operated group, indicating the early morphological changes of apoptosis. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased in the operated group as compared with that in control and sham-operated groups at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h. The GRP78 protein expression levels in the operated group were significantly elevated at all time points and reached the peak at 12 h. GRP78 expression was positively associated with apoptosis cells and negatively with neurological scores. In conclusion, EBI was demonstrated to occur after SAH and GRP78 was involved in the development of EBI after SAH.

16.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 84-97, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is best for infants and the World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for at least the first 6 months of life. For those who are unable to be breastfed, previous studies demonstrate that feeding high-risk infants with hydrolyzed formulas instead of cow's milk formula (CMF) may decrease the risk of atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To estimate the economic impact of feeding high-risk, not exclusively breastfed, urban Malaysian infants with partiallyhydrolyzed whey-based formula (PHF-W) instead of CMF for the first 17 weeks of life as an AD risk reduction strategy. METHODS: A cohort Markov model simulated the AD incidence and burden from birth to age 6 years in the target population fed with PHF-W vs. CMF. The model integrated published clinical and epidemiologic data, local cost data, and expert opinion. Modeled outcomes included AD-risk reduction, time spent post AD diagnosis, days without AD flare, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and costs (direct and indirect). Outcomes were discounted at 3% per year. Costs are expressed in Malaysian Ringgit (MYR; MYR 1,000 = United States dollar [US $]316.50). RESULTS: Feeding a high-risk infant PHF-W vs. CMF resulted in a 14% point reduction in AD risk (95% confidence interval [CI], 3%-23%), a 0.69-year (95% CI, 0.25-1.10) reduction in time spent post-AD diagnosis, additional 38 (95% CI, 2-94) days without AD flare, and an undiscounted gain of 0.041 (95% CI, 0.007-0.103) QALYs. The discounted AD-related 6-year cost estimates when feeding a high-risk infant with PHF-W were MYR 1,758 (US $556) (95% CI, MYR 917-3,033) and with CMF MYR 2,871 (US $909) (95% CI, MYR 1,697-4,278), resulting in a per-child net saving of MYR 1,113 (US $352) (95% CI, MYR 317-1,884) favoring PHF-W. CONCLUSION: Using PHF-W instead of CMF in this population is expected to result in AD-related costs savings.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Cohort Studies , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Diagnosis , Expert Testimony , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Incidence , Income , Infant Formula , Infant , Milk , Parturition , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Risk Reduction Behavior , United States , World Health Organization
17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 754-758, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478945

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the relationship between thrombocytopenia (TCP) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and coagulation or inflammatory response in mouse.Methods Forty-eight C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, low-dose, and high-dose LPS treatment groups by random number table method, and each group was subdivided into 4-hour and 24-hour subgroups randomly, with 8 mice in each subgroup. 0.5 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg LPS was injected intraperitoneally in low-dose or high-does group respectively, and equal amount of normal saline was injected in control group. Blood was collected from endocanthal vein at the specified time point, platelet count (PLT) was counted, and the levels of thrombin antithrombin complex (TAT), D-dimer, fibrinogen degradation product (FDP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results Compared with control group, PLT (×109/L) at 4 hours and 24 hours in low-dose and high-dose LPS groups was significantly decreased (4 hours: 660.65±180.48, 568.55±117.99 vs. 1 199.13±110.54; 24 hours:505.63±218.92, 256.33±72.86 vs. 1 229.13±1 189.37, allP< 0.05), and the changes were more obvious in high-dose LPS group compared with those of the low-dose LPS group (allP< 0.05). Factorial analysis showed that the changes in PLT were related with LPS dosage and time (F1 = 135.660,P1 = 0.000;F2 = 12.120,P2 = 0.001). It was also found that there was an interactive effect of the dose of LPS and time on PLT (F = 5.580,P = 0.007). Compared with control group, TAT, TNF-α, and IL-6 at 4 hours and 24 hours in low-dose and high-dose LPS groups were significantly decreased [TAT (ng/L) at 4 hours: 1.10±0.59, 0.22±0.13 vs. 3.47±1.73; 24 hours: 1.18±0.68, 0.39±0.29 vs. 3.19±1.27;TNF-α (nmol/L) at 4 hours: 87.35±12.29, 93.70±5.25 vs. 101.59±10.96, 24 hours: 81.94±8.26, 93.23±4.71 vs. 102.84±10.56; IL-6 (ng/L) at 4 hours: 81.78±7.82, 78.59±9.06 vs. 110.88±9.66, 24 hours: 76.03±9.85, 71.34±3.69 vs. 110.88±10.35, allP< 0.05]. TAT at 4 hours and 24 hours in high-dose LPS group was further decreased, and TNF-αat 24 hours was increased as compared with those of low-dose LPS group (allP< 0.05). TAT, TNF-α and IL-6 were influenced only by different dosage of LPS (TAT:F = 42.350,P = 0.000; TNF-α:F = 14.810,P = 0.000; IL-6:F =81.910,P = 0.000), not time (TAT:F = 0.002,P = 0.967; TNF-α:F = 0.342,P = 0.562; IL-6:F = 2.973,P = 0.092). Changes in TAT was not found to be related with the dose of LPS and its time of action, or levels of TNF-α and IL-6 (TAT:F = 0.236,P = 0.791; TNF-α:F = 0.572,P = 0.569; IL-6:F = 0.774,P = 0.468). The dosage of LPS and time of admission showed no influence on D-dimer (F1 = 2.448,P1 = 0.099;F2 = 0.024,P2 = 0.877). The effect of different doses of LPS and time of administration showed no influence on FDP (F1 = 0.106,P1 = 0.900;F2 = 0.013,P2 = 0.908), and no interactive effects were found (D- dimer:F = 0.002,P = 0.998; FDP:F = 0.582,P = 0.563).Conclusion LPS can induce TCP in mouse, but this effect may not related to the activation of coagulation system and excessive inflammatory response.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 677-681, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476206

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived fromEscherichia coli (E.coli) can induce apoptosis of murine platelets in vitro.Methods Washed platelet suspension was prepared and adjusted to the final concentration of 3×108/mL. According to the difference in stimulants, samples were divided into control group (non-calcium Tyrode buffer), thrombin-treated group (1 U/mL final concentration and non-calcium TB) and LPS in different concentrations treated groups (1, 10 and 100μg/mL final concentration respectively and non-calcium TB). To each specimental group corresponding stimulus was added and incubated 30 minutes at room temperature. Chemiluminescence was adopted to determine the concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the activity of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (caspase-3). The percentage of Annexin V positive platelets was determined by flow cytometry to reflect the level of phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure. Mean channel fluorescence (MCF) of platelets was determined by flow cytometry for reflecting the level of mitochondrial inner transmembrane potential (ΔΨm) depolarization.Results Compared with control group, the ATP concentration in thrombin-treated group was decreased obviously [relative light unit (RLU): (5.46±0.14)×105 vs. (6.25±0.26)×105,P< 0.05], Annexin V positive ratio [(50.43±2.45)% vs. (1.58±0.25)%,P< 0.05] and caspase-3 activity [RLU: (26.92±1.60)×103 vs. (1.30±0.10) ×103,P< 0.05] were increased obviously, and platelets MCF was lowered significantly [(8.32±0.58)×104 vs. (13.05±1.10)×104,P< 0.05], suggesting an increase inΔΨm depolarization. After being treated with different concentrations of LPS, ATP concentration, Annexin V positive ratio and caspase-3 activity were increased obviously, platelet MCF was decreased obviously, suggestingΔΨm depolarization was increased in a concentration-dependent manner. Compared with control group, 1μg/mL LPS could increase Annexin V positive ratio [(10.45±1.08)% vs. (1.58±0.25)%,P< 0.05], elevate caspase-3 activity [RLU: (14.06±0.61)×103 vs. (1.30±0.10)×103,P< 0.05], and decrease MCF significantly [(9.48±0.50)×104 vs. (13.05±1.10)×104,P< 0.05]. The ATP concentration, Annexin V positive ratio and caspase-3 activity reached maximum levels after the treatment with 100μg/mL LPS, and they were higher obviously than those of the control group [ATP (RLU): (7.00±0.03)×105 vs. (6.25±0.26)×105, Annexin V positive ratio: (55.35±2.42)% vs. (1.58±0.25)%, casepase-3 (RLU): (32.00±3.75)×103 vs. (1.30± 0.10)×103, allP< 0.05], and platelets MCF reached trough levels, and they were obviously lower than those of the control group [(4.69±0.55)×104 vs. (13.05±1.10)×104,P< 0.05].ConclusionE.coli LPS can induce an increase in ATP, PS exposure,ΔΨm depolarization and activity increase of caspase-3 on mouse platelet in vitro, which indicate that LPS can induce apoptosis of platelets in a concentration-dependent manner.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2111-2116, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241715

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Ouabain is a mammalian adrenocortical hormone that is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension by inhibiting Na-K ATPase activity. It also participates in a variety of kinase-mediated signaling pathways associated with Na-K ATPase. Previous studies have shown that ouabain can cause cardiac remodeling independent of elevated blood pressure and that proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) plays a coordinating role for numerous proteins involved in multiple processes associated with DNA synthesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that ouabain might play a role in the cerebral cortex through signaling pathways independent of hypertension. And PCNA might be involved in this process.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with ouabain or with 0.9% nitric sodium as the control group. Systolic blood pressure was recorded weekly. After four weeks of treatment, morphological changes in the cerebral cortex were analyzed using light and transmission electron microscopy. The expression of PCNA in the cerebral cortex was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, real time quantitative PCR, and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 4-week treatment, there was no significant difference in systolic blood pressure compared with the control group, but both structural deterioration and up-regulated expression of PCNA in the brain was induced by ouabain treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These results suggest that ouabain induces alterations in the brain structure, and this effect is independent of blood pressure. PCNA might be involved in the repair process of ouabain-induced brain damage.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Ouabain , Therapeutic Uses , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 518-522, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association of 8-hydroxyguanine glycosidase OGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism with semen quality and the risk of male infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This case-control study included 620 idiopathic infertile patients and 385 normal fertile controls. We determined their genotypes by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and analyzed their semen quality by computer-aided semen analysis (CASA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The individuals with OGG1 326 Cys/Cys showed significantly lower sperm motility and concentration ([52.1 +/- 26.7]% and (3.75 +/- 0.91) x 10(6)/ml, ln transformed value) than the Ser/Ser carriers ([59.0 +/- 21.8] % and (4.12 +/- 0.88) x 10(6)/ml, ln transformed value) (P < 0.05). The risk of male infertility increased 69% in the OGG1 326Cys allele carriers as compared with the Ser carriers (OR = 1.69, 95% CI: 1.24 -2.31).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>OGG1 326 Ser/Cys polymorphism might contribute to the risk of male infertility in the southern Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , DNA Glycosylases , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Semen Analysis , Young Adult
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