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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 140-143, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879682

ABSTRACT

Blunt traumatic thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is an extremely serious medical condition with a high rate of associated mortality. Recent advances in techniques such as thoracic endovascular repair offer new opportunities to manage the critical BTAI patients in an efficacious yet less invasive manner. A 65 year-old-male suffered from multiple injuries after a fall, including BTAI in the aortic arch, which resulted in dissection of the descending thoracic-abdominal aorta and iliac artery, development of an intimal flap in the left common carotid artery, and dissection of the left subclavian artery. Based on the imaging information of this patient and our clinical experience, the combined treatment of fenestrated thoracic endovascular repair and a chimney technique was immediately planned to fully repair these dissections and moreover prevent further dissection of the branching vessels, additionally to ensure sufficient blood flow in the left subclavian artery and left common carotid artery. The intervention yielded satisfactory early outcomes. Follow-up assessment at six months reported no symptoms or complications associated with the stent-graft. Computed tomography angiography further confirmed adequate stent-graft coverage of the aortic injury.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873702

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the difference of location identification of pulmonary nodules in two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) images, and to discuss the identification methods and clinical significance of pulmonary nodules location in 3D space. Methods    The clinical data of 105 patients undergoing sublobectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University from December 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 28 males and 77 females, with an average age of 57.21±13.19 years. The nodule location was determined by traditional 2D method and 3D depth ratio method respectively, and the differences were compared. Results    A total of 30 nodules had different position identification between the two methods, among which 25 nodules in the inner or middle zone of 2D image were located in the peripheral region of 3D image. The overall differences between the two methods were statistically significant (P<0.05). The diagnostic consistency rates of two methods were 66.67% in the right upper lung, 83.33% in the right middle lung, 73.68% in the right lower lung, 75.76% in the left upper lung, and 64.71% in the left lower lung. In each lung lobe, the difference between the two methods in the right upper lung (P=0.014) and the left upper lung (P=0.019) was statistically significant, while in the right middle lung (P=1.000), right lower lung (P=0.460) and left lower lung (P=0.162) were not statistically significant. Conclusion    The 3D position definition of lung nodules based on depth ratio is more accurate than the traditional 2D definition, which is helpful for preoperative planning of sublobectomy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885802

ABSTRACT

There are still differences in the surgical treatment of children with pulmonary atresia(PA-VSD) with ventricular septal defect. The high rate of postoperative complications and reoperation intervention is still a problem that plagues surgeons. There are few reports on the understanding of the anatomy and physiological functions of MAPCAs. This article systematically reviews and analyzes domestic and foreign literature, and reviews the anatomical classification, surgical management strategies and related complications of PA-VSD patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of MRI dynamic enhancement in defining the upper edge of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction.Methods:The clinical data of 73 patients with adenocarcinoma on the esophagogastric junction operated from Jul 2018 to Aug 2019 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent MRI examination within one week before surgery. First, the T 2WI, diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic enhanced images of each patient were carefully observed to define the tumor location, size, shape, signal and enhancement mode, then the distances between the upper edge of the tumor and the cardiac incisure on MRI dynamic enhancement were measured independently, and compared with the measured distance in surgical fresh specimens. Results:The mean location of tumor upper edge measured in MRI of 73 patients was (1.75±1.98)cm, while measured in the surgical specimen was (1.72±1.97)cm. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.572, P=0.569). The intraclass correlation efficient between the two groups was excellent (ICC=0.974, 95% CI: 0.959-0.984, P<0.01). Conclusion:The measurement result of tumor upper edge in MRI is basically consistent with that of surgical specimens. MRI can be used to locate the tumor upper edge for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction before operation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 89-96, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study and compare the prognosis of different pathological subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).Methods:Clinicopathological and prognostic data of 1 346 cases of postoperative renal cell carcinoma during July 2002 to June 2014 in West China Hospital were collected retrospectively.There were 839 males and 507 females, aged (55.1±13.4)years, including 1 120 cases of clear cell RCC, 62 cases of papillary RCC, 79 cases of chromophobe RCC and 85 cases of the other pathological types respectively. ECOG 0 and ≥1 were 911 and 435 cases, with; T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 of 1 019, 177, 102 and 48 cases respectively; WHO nuclear grade for well, intermediate, poor differentiation and unknown were 587, 530, 85 and 144 cases separately.Tumor size <5cm, 5-10cm, ≥10cm and unknown were 685, 541, 104 and 16 cases.Combined with necrosis or sacromatoid differentiation were 200/1 146 and 27/1 319 cases separately. Meanwhile, data of 80 439 cases from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) were also collected.There were 51 371 males and 29 068 females, aged (60.9±12.4) years; , with 66 261, 8 680, 5 022 and 476 cases of White, Black, Asian, American native, or unknown race separately. There were 62 600 of clear cell RCC, 12 170 of papillary RCC, 4 354 of chromophobe RCC and 1 315 of other pathological types, with T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 of 55 332, 8 687, 15 516 and 904 cases respectively; WHO nuclear grade for well, intermediate and poor differentiation were 52 323, 22 700 and 5 416 cases separately.Tumor size <5cm, 5-10cm, ≥10cm were 46 741, 25 760 and 7 938 cases respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were performed on these two group of cases, with different factors between subgroups (gender, age, pathological types, tumor stage, size and nuclear grade) evaluated by log-rank test. To evaluate accuracy of outcome prediction models of SSIGN, Leibovich and UISS score, concordance index of these models were evaluated. Results:In 1 346 cases of our cohort, those with chromophobe RCC were well prognostic, survival were relatively better in clear cell RCC than that of papillary RCC, and worst prognosis were demonstrated in those with other types of RCC (5 year overall survival rate: 97.5%, 87.9%, 79.7% and 68.4% separately). Poor prognosis were seen in those older than 50 years, with poor T stage or nuclear grade, large tumor size and tumors with necrosis or sacromatoid differentiation ( P<0.05). In 80 439 seer cases, the best prognosis was also seen in chromophobe RCC and the worst in other type of RCC separately (5 year overall survival rate: 96.3% and 85.3%). In addition, longer survival was seen in papillary RCC than clear cell RCC (5 year overall survival rate: 92.5% and 88.9%). However, similar results with our cohort were seen in Asian and American native subgroup of SEER cases (95.1%, 88.6%, 86.7%, 80.2% for chromophobe, clear cell, papillary and other types of RCC respectively). Poor prognosis were seen in those older than 50 years, males, Asian/ American Indian, poor T stage or nuclear grade and large tumor size ( P<0.05). Concordance index for SSIGN, Leibovich and UISS models in our cohort were 0.763-0.781, 0.725-0.752 and 0.641-0.660, respectively. The chromophobe RCC subgroup was relative better based on predictive value of prognosis models(c-index of UISS of 0.670-0.781, SSIGN and Leibovich of 0.733-0.903). Conclusions:In Asian RCC population, prognosis of chromophobe RCC is best, clear cell RCC is slightly better than papillary RCC, and the prognosis of other types of RCC is the worst. Concordance index of SSIGN and Leibovich in our cohort were higher than that of UISS, and the use value for predictive model was better in the chromophobe RCC subgroup.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884776

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) on left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion, myocardial viability, LV remodeling, regional and global LV function serially following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Chinese mini-pigs.Methods:AMI was established in 12 Chinese mini-pigs (8 males, 4 females; age: 6-8 months) and they were randomly divided into RIC group ( n=6) and non-RIC group ( n=6). RIC was performed in pigs by blood pressure inflation on the lower limbs for 5 min period and 4 cycles immediately after surgery. A series of myocardial perfusion imaging and gated 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) myocardial metabolism PET/CT imaging were performed longitudinally at the 1st, 14th, 28th and 56th days after AMI, and parameters including total perfusion defect (TPD), hibernating myocardium (HM), Scar, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), summed motion score (SMS), summed thickening score (STS) and changes of these parameters were obtained. Independent-samples t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze data. Results:Nine Chinese mini-pigs survived after surgery and were performed imaging. Compared to non-RIC group ( n=4), HM at the 28th ((6.0±2.4)% vs (17.0±4.6)%; t=-4.158), TPD 14th-1st ((-11.8±5.4)% vs 9.0%(4.5%, 15.0%); z=2.449), TPD 28th-1st ((-15.3±3.9)% vs (12.0±3.0)%; t=-10.071), TPD 56th-1st ((-18.0±6.5)% vs 9.0%(4.5%, 12.0%); z=2.449), HM 28th-1st ((-10.5±6.9)% vs (8.3±2.1)%; t=-4.507), HM 56th-1st (-15.0%(-17.5%, -8.5%) vs 2.0%(0%, 7.0%); z=2.449) and LVEDV 14th-1st (-0.5(-2.5, 0) ml vs (13.0±4.4) ml; z=2.470) were reduced in RIC group ( n=5; all P<0.05). Conclusion:RIC can improve myocardial perfusion, delay LV remodeling in the acute stage and salvage hibernating myocardium in the subacute stage and chronic stage.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 192-197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the damage of the intestinal mucosal barrier of septic rats by the activation of NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes and the role of Ulinastatin (UTI) on the expression of intestinal nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in septic rats.Methods:According to the random number table method, 64 male Wistar rats were divided into sham operation group (Sham group), cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) group, UTI treatment group (100 kU/kg UTI was intraperitoneally injected 1, 6, 12 and 18 hours after CLP), and UTI pretreatment group (100 kU/kg UTI was given 1 hour before CLP), with 16 rats in each group. The survival of rats was observed after 24 hours, and the blood was collected from abdominal aorta at 24 hours after modeling, then rats were killed and their ileum tissues were taken. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe histopathological changes and Chiu score. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) in serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expression of NF-κB p65 in intestinal tissue was detected by Western blotting. The expression of intestinal tight junction proteins Claudin-1, Occludin and the inflammasome NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC) and caspase-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry.Results:Compared with Sham group, the 24-hour survival rate of CLP group was significantly reduced. Histopathological results showed that the CLP group had severe edema of mucosa and submucosal stroma with obvious infiltration of inflammatory cells and disordered villi arrangement. Some glands were incomplete, and the villus structure was severely damaged. The Chiu score was significantly increased. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, I-FABP in serum and the protein expression of NF-κB p65 in intestinal tissue were significantly increased. The positive expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC were also significantly increased. However, the positive expression of tight junction protein in small intestine tissue such as Occludin and Claudin-1 were significantly reduced. It suggested that when sepsis occurs, small intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction happens, and mucosal permeability increases, while tight junction protein expression decreases, NLRP3 inflammasome and its upstream molecule NF-κB p65 were activated. After UTI treatment and UTI pretreatment intervention, although there was no significant difference in 24-hour survival compared with CLP group (62.5%, 68.8% vs. 43.8%, both P > 0.05), the intestinal tissue damage of septic rats was significantly improved. Specifically: Chiu score and the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, I-FABP in serum were significantly decreased [Chiu score: 3.37±0.25, 3.23±0.16 vs. 4.08±0.13, TNF-α (ng/L): 147.62±20.74, 140.71±24.81 vs. 222.82±16.84, IL-1β (ng/L): 80.64±5.68, 78.11±4.75 vs. 133.73±3.92, I-FABP (μg/L): 38.29±3.60, 35.88±4.52 vs. 59.81±4.66, all P < 0.05]; the protein expression of NF-κB p65 was significantly decreased (NF-κB p65/β-actin: 0.65±0.10, 0.69±0.11 vs. 0.99±0.10, both P < 0.05), the positive expressions of Claudin-1 and Occludin in the small intestine tissue were increased [Claudin-1 positive expression area: (19.43±3.08)%, (23.99±6.27)% vs. (7.77±2.03)%; Occludin positive expression area: (19.58±4.75)%, (23.28±3.68)% vs. (11.69±4.30)%, all P < 0.05], while the positive expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC were decreased [NLRP3 positive expression area: (7.80±3.14)%, (6.86±2.63)% vs. (14.44±3.68)%; caspase-1 positive expression area: (10.62±3.52)%, (9.49±3.09)% vs. (26.69±8.05)%; ASC positive expression area: (9.95±2.81)%, (10.53±3.61)% vs. (24.16±5.48)%, all P < 0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in the improvement effect between UTI treatment group and UTI pretreatment group.Conclusions:Intestinal barrier dysfunction in sepsis may be related to the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes in the intestinal mucosa. The protective effect of UTI in the intestinal mucosa may be related to inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes in the intestinal mucosa, but UTI pretreatment has no obvious advantage compared with UTI treatment.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 155-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the effect of andrographolide (AD) on the expression of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors in rat type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells (AECⅡ) stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:The AECⅡ cells RLE-6TN in the logarithmic growth phase were divided into 5 groups: the normal control (NC) group, the LPS group, and the 6.25, 12.5, and 25 mg/L AD groups (AD 6.25 group, AD 12.5 group, AD 25 group). The NC group was cultured with RPMI 1640 conventional medium. In the LPS group, 5 mg/L LPS was added to the RPMI 1640 conventional medium for stimulation. Cells in the AD groups were treated with 6.25, 12.5, and 25 mg/L AD in advance for 1 hour and then given LPS to stimulate the culture. The cells and cell culture supernatant were collected 24 hours after LPS stimulation. The protein and mRNA expressions of tissue factor (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), and plasminogen activator inhibition-1 (PAI-1) in cells were detected by Western blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The levels of procollagen Ⅲ peptide (PⅢP), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), antithrombin Ⅲ (AT-Ⅲ) and activated protein C (APC) in the cell supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:Compared with the NC group, the protein and mRNA expressions of TF and PAI-1 in the LPS group were significantly increased, and the protein and mRNA expressions of TFPI were significantly reduced. At the same time, the levels of PⅢP and TAT in the cell supernatant were significantly increased, the levels of AT-Ⅲ, APC were significantly reduced. Compared with the LPS group, the protein and mRNA expressions of TF and PAI-1 in AD 6.25 group, AD 12.5 group, AD 25 group were significantly reduced [TF/GAPDH: 0.86±0.08, 0.45±0.04, 0.44±0.04 vs. 1.32±0.10, TF mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 2.59±0.25, 2.27±0.05, 1.95±0.04 vs. 4.60±0.26, PAI-1/GAPDH: 2.11±0.07, 1.45±0.04, 0.86±0.09 vs. 2.56±0.09, PAI-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 3.50±0.22, 2.23±0.29, 1.84±0.09 vs. 6.60±0.27, all P < 0.05], while the protein and mRNA expressions of TFPI were significantly increased [TFPI/GAPDH: 0.78±0.05, 0.81±0.03, 0.84±0.07 vs. 0.36±0.02, TFPI mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.46±0.09, 0.69±0.07, 0.91±0.08 vs. 0.44±0.06, all P < 0.05]. Also the levels of PⅢP and TAT in the cell supernatant were significantly reduced, and the levels of AT-Ⅲ and APC were significantly increased [PⅢP (μg/L): 13.59±0.23, 12.66±0.23, 10.59±0.30 vs. 15.82±0.29, TAT (ng/L): 211.57±6.41, 205.69±4.04, 200.56±9.85 vs. 288.67±9.84, AT-Ⅲ (μg/L): 102.95±3.86, 123.92±2.63, 128.67±1.67 vs. 92.93±3.36, APC (μg/L): 1 188.95±14.99, 1 366.12±39.93, 1 451.15±29.69 vs. 1 145.55±21.07, all P < 0.05]. With the increase of the dose of AD, the above-mentioned promotion and inhibition effects became more obvious. In the AD 25 group, TF, PAI-1 protein and mRNA expressions decreased, TFPI mRNA expression increased, PⅢP level in the supernatant decreased and AT-Ⅲ, APC levels increased compared with AD 6.25 group, the difference was statistically significant, and the decrease of PAI-1 protein expression and PⅢP level in the supernatant were also statistically significant compared with AD 12.5 group. Conclusions:Andrographolide in the dose range of 6.25-25 mg/L can dose-dependently inhibit the expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitor-related factors in AECⅡ cells RLE-6TN stimulated by LPS, and promote the secretion of anticoagulant factors. 25 mg/L has the most obvious effect.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of berberine on procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors produced by rat type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell (AECⅡ) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:AECⅡ cells (RLE-6TN cells) were cultured in vitro, and the cells in logarithmic growth phase were collected. The cytotoxicity text of berberine was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) to determine the drug concentration range according to inhibition concentration of half cells (IC 50). The RLE-6TN cells were divided into five groups, the cells in blank control group were cultured in DMEM; the cells in LPS group were stimulated with 5 mg/L LPS; and the cells in berberine pretreatment groups were pretreated with 20, 50 and 80 μmol/L berberine for 1 hour, and then were co-cultured with 5 mg/L LPS. The cells were collected after LPS induced for 24 hours. The protein and mRNA expression levels of tissue factor (TF), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in the cells were detected by Western blotting and real-time fluorescence quantification reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The levels of activated protein C (APC), precollagen Ⅲ peptide (PⅢP), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and antithrombin Ⅲ (ATⅢ) in the cell supernatant were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:According to the inhibition rate curve, the IC 50 of berberine on RLE-6TN cells was 81.16 μmol/L. Therefore, 20, 50 and 80 μmol/L were selected as the intervention concentration of berberine. Compared with the blank control group, the expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors were abnormal in RLE-6TN cells after LPS induced for 24 hours. The protein and mRNA expression levels of TF and PAI-1 in the LPS group were significantly increased, but the protein and mRNA expression levels of TFPI were significantly decreased. Meanwhile, the levels of APC and ATⅢ in the cell supernatant were significantly decreased, while the levels of PⅢP and TAT were significantly increased. After pretreatment with berberine, the abnormal expression and secretion of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors induced by LPS were corrected in a dose-dependent manner, especially in 80 μmol/L. Compared with the LPS group, the protein and mRNA expression levels of TF and PAI-1 in the berberine 80 μmol/L group were significantly decreased [TF protein (TF/GAPDH): 0.45±0.02 vs. 0.55±0.03, TF mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.39±0.08 vs. 1.48±0.11, PAI-1 protein (PAI-1/GAPDH): 0.37±0.02 vs. 0.64±0.04, PAI-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.14±0.29 vs. 4.18±0.44, all P < 0.01] and those of TFPI were significantly increased [TFPI protein (TFPI/GAPDH): 0.53±0.02 vs. 0.45±0.02, TFPI mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.94±0.08 vs. 0.40±0.05, both P < 0.01]. Meanwhile, the levels of APC and ATⅢ in the cell supernatant were significantly increased [APC (μg/L): 1 358.5±26.0 vs. 994.2±23.1, ATⅢ (μg/L): 118.0±7.4 vs. 84.4±2.7, both P < 0.01], while those of PⅢP and TAT were significantly decreased [PⅢP (μg/L): 11.2±0.4 vs. 18.6±0.9, TAT (ng/L): 222.1±2.8 vs. 287.6±7.0, both P < 0.01]. Conclusions:Berberine could inhibit the LPS-induced expressions of procoagulant and fibrinolytic inhibitory factors in rat AECⅡ cells and promote the expressions of anticoagulant factors in a dose-dependent manner. Berberine may be a new therapeutic target for alveolar hypercoagulability and fibrinolysis inhibition in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-oxidative stress effects of microRNA 125b (miR-125b) on lens epithelial cells (LECs) and its possible mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four anterior capsule specimens were collected from 24 eyes of 24 age-related cataract patients during phacoemulsification and 20 normal anterior capsule specimens were obtained from 20 eyes of 20 donors in Henan Eye Hospital from July 2018 to March 2019 under the approval of a Medical Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (No.YKYY20193151).The reverse transcription PCR and Western blot assay were employed to detect and compare the relative expression levels of miR-125b and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in different specimens.The human lens epithelial cell line HLEB-3 was divided into control group and oxidative stress model group.The oxidative stress models were established by coculture with different concentrations (100, 200, 400 μmol/L) of H 2O 2 for 24 hours, and the cells were cultured with normal medium without H 2O 2 in the control group.The reactive oxygen species (ROS) content was detected by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe, and the activities of total-antioxidative capability (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration were detected by ELISA, and compared among the groups.The expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 were detected by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot assay, respectively.The cells were transfected with miR-125b mimics, miR-125b control and miR-125b inhibitor for 24 hours, respectively, and ROS content was detected by DCFH-DA fluorescent probe and T-AOC, SOD and GSH-Px activities as well as MDA concentration were detected by ELISA and compared among different transfected groups.A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to assess an association between miR-125b and Nrf2.The expression level of Nrf2 protein was detected by Western blot assay and the expression levels of Nrf2 and Keap1 were assayed and located by immunofluorescence double staining. Results:The relative expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 in the normal lens anterior capsule specimens were 0.21±0.03 and 0.27±0.06, which were significantly lower than 0.89±0.05 and 0.84±0.12 in the cataract specimens, respectively ( t=15.355, P<0.05; t=18.647, P<0.05).The relative expression levels of miR-125b and Nrf2 were significantly increased in various H 2O 2 treated groups in comparison with the control group and were gradually elevated with the increase of H 2O 2 concentration (all at P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the T-AOC, SOD and GSH-Px activities were reduced, and ROS content and MDA concentration were significantly ascended (all at P<0.05).Compared with the miR-125b control group, the T-AOC, GSH-Px and SOD activities were increased, and ROS content and MDA concentration were decreased in the miR-125b mimics group (all at P<0.05).In addition, the T-AOC, GSH-Px and SOD activities were significantly weakened, and ROS content and MDA concentration were significantly increased in the miR-125b inhibitor group in comparison with the miR-125b control group (all at P<0.05).Dual luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-125b targeted to the expression of Nrf2 in the H 2O 2 model cells.The fluorescence of Nrf2 in the cytoplasm was the strongest with more nuclear transfer in the miR-125b mimics group, and the expression intensity of Keap1 in the cytoplasm was weaker.The expression of Nrf2 was the weakest with less nuclear transfer in the miR-125b inhibitor group, and the expression level of Keap1 in the cytoplasm was stronger. Conclusions:MiR-125b can enhance the anti-oxidative stress of LECs in age-related cataractous eyes probably by upregulating the expression of Nrf2 and activating the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Dachengqi Decoction and enteral nutrition on the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients with gastric cancer.Methods:From September 2018 to September 2019, 100 patients with gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected as the research objects, and were divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table method, each group contained 50 cases. Among them, the control group was given routine diet before operation to provide pre adaptation of enteral nutrient solution; the observation group was added with Dachengqi Decoction on the basis of routine diet. The recovery of gastrointestinal function, plasma motilin (MTL), serum gastrin (GAS) and gastrointestinal complications were observed and compared between the two groups.Results:There were 3 cases of abdominal distention and diarrhea in the control group, 1 case of diarrhea and 1 case of nausea and vomiting in the control group. The total incidence of gastrointestinal complications was 16% (8/50). There was 1 case of abdominal distention and 1 case of diarrhea in the observation group, and the total incidence of gastrointestinal complications was 4%(2/50). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 4.000, P<0.05). In the observation group, the time of first bowel sounds, exhaust time and defecation time were (26.12 ± 5.32) h, (25.49 ± 4.49) h, (32.63 ± 4.31) h, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group (32.24 ± 6.41) h, (46.74 ± 6.14) h, (49.51 ± 6.28) h, and the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 5.195, 19.754, 15.671, P<0.05). The plasma MTL and serum gas in the observation group were (346.54 ± 18.58) ng/L, (123.44 ± 6.19) ng/L. After operation, the results were (247.24 ± 11.40) ng/L, (85.46 ± 5.12) ng/L. The difference was statistically significant ( t value was 97.793, 250.990, P<0.05). The plasma MTL and serum gas of the control group before operation were (344.63±16.65) ng/L and (122.53 ± 6.35) ng/L respectively. After operation, the results were (205.84±10.21)ng/L, (64.79±5.24) ng/L. The difference was statistically significant ( t value was 152.390, 367.823, P<0.05). The levels of plasma MTL and serum gas in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t value was 19.129, 19.95, P<0.05). Conclusions:The modified Dachengqi Decoction and the pre adaptation of enteral nutrition solution are helpful to reduce the occurrence of various gastrointestinal complications after gastric cancer operation and promote the rapid recovery of gastrointestinal function, which may be related to the promotion of the secretion of MTL and gas.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882366

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke fatigue is one of the most common and painful symptoms of stroke patients, and may persist for a long time, which has a negative impact on the rehabilitation and daily life and work of stroke patients. This article reviews the research progress of epidemiology, pathogenesis related factors, clinical evaluation methods and treatment of post-stroke fatigue.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1435-1441, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To preliminarily investigate the improveme nt effects and mechanism of Mongolian medicine Saorilao-4 decoction on specific pulmonary fibrosis model rats. METHODS :Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group ,model group ,positive control group (pirfenidone,0.163 g/kg)and Saorilao- 4 decoction low ,medium and high dose groups (0.899,1.798,3.596 g/kg),8 rats in each group. Except for normal control group ,other groups were given 6 mg/mL bleomycin intratracheally at 5 mg/kg once to induce the specific pulmonary fibrosis model. From the first day after modeling , normal control group and model group were given normal saline intragastrically ,other groups were given corresponding drugs intragastrically,once a day ,10 mL/kg,for 4 weeks. During the experimental period ,the general condition of the rats in each group was observed and the body mass was weighed. Twenty-four h after last medication ,the appearance morphology of rat l ung in each group were observed. The morphological characteristics of lung tissues were observed by HE and Masson staining. ELISA was adopted to determine the activity of SOD and the content of MDA in serum ,the contents of hydroxyproline (HYP),IL-1β,IL-6,hyaluronidase(HA),laminin(LN)precollagen type Ⅲ(PC-Ⅲ)and collagen type Ⅳ(Col-Ⅳ)in lung tissue. RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA 发。E-mail:bwf007007@sina.com expression of TGF-β 1,Smad3 and Smad 7 in lung tissue. RESULTS:Compared with model group ,the activity ,hair and diet of the rats in each dose group of Saorilao- 4 decoction and positive control group were significant ly improved ,and the body mass after the last administration was significantly increased ; the pathological change of lung and pulmonary fibrosis were significantly improved ,and the activity of SOD in serum was increased significantly. Serum content of MDA (except for Saorilao- 4 decoction medium dose group ),the contents of HYP (except for Saorilao- 4 decoction high dose group ),IL-1β,IL-6,HA,LN,PC-Ⅲ,Col-Ⅳ(except for Saorilao- 4 decoction high dose group)as well as mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and Smad 3 in lung tissue were significantly decreased ;mRNA expression of Smad 7 was significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Saorilao-4 decoction can significantly improve the lung pathological changes ,delay and reverse the progression of pulmonary fibrosis in specific pulmonary fibrosis model rats ,the mechanism of which may be related to the inhibition of inflammatory response , improvement of lipid peroxidation , down-regulation of TGF-β1 and Smad 3 mRNA expression ,and up-regulation of Smad 7 mRNA expression.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-281, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The clinical symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) can be effectively improved by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, based on the usage of specific therapies for different TCM syndromes. However, in the stage of diagnosis, the standard criteria for the classification of TCM syndrome were still deficient. Through serum metabolic profiling, this study aimed to explore potential biomarkers in IBS-D patients with different TCM syndromes, which can assist in diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from healthy controls (30 cases), IBS-D patients with Liver-Stagnation and Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (LSSD, 30 cases), Yang Deficiency of Spleen and Kidney syndrome (YDSK, 11 cases) and Damp Abundance due to Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (DASD, 22 cases). Serum metabolic profiling was conducted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential biomarkers were screened by orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis, while metabolic pathways undergoing alterations were identified by pathway enrichment analysis in MetaboAnalyst 4.0.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 34 potential biomarkers were identified in LSSD group, 36 in YDSK group and 31 in DASD group. And the 13 metabolites shared by three groups were determined as the potential biomarkers of IBS-D. Glycerophospholipid metabolism was disturbed significantly in IBS-D patients, which may play a role in IBS-D through inflammation. What's more, three TCM syndromes have the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum metabolomics revealed that different TCM syndrome types in IBS-D may have different metabolic patterns during disease progression and glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the pathways, whose metabolism was disturbed differently among three TCM syndromes in IBS-D. Therefore, the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism of three TCM syndromes in IBS-D can serve as the objective indicators, which can facilitate the TCM-syndrome objective classification of IBS-D.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the trends in characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients in tertiary Chinese medicine (CM) hospitals in China between 2006 and 2013.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was based on two nationwide epidemiological surveys of AMI in tertiary CM hospitals during 2 years (2006 and 2013). Patients admitted to the hospital for AMI were enrolled. Hospital records were used as the data source. Case data were derived regarding baseline characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients to assess changes from 2006 to 2013. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between prognosis, general influencing factors of disease, and various treatment measures.@*RESULTS@#Totally 26 tertiary CM hospitals in 2006 and 29 tertiary CM hospitals in 2013 (18 were repetitive) were surveyed. A total of 2,311 patients with AMI were enrolled (1,094 cases in 2006 and 1,217 cases in 2013). From 2006 to 2013, the mean age did not significantly change, but the proportion of patients younger than 65 years increased. The prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia also increased. Significant increases were observed in primary percutaneous coronary intervention [20.48% (2006) vs. 24.90% (2013)] and revascularization [36.11% (2006) vs. 52.42% (2013)]. In-hospital mortality decreased from 11.15% in 2006 to 10.60% in 2013. A mortality logistic regression analysis identified reperfusion therapy [odds ratio (OR), 0.222; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.106-0.464], Chinese patent medicines (OR, 0.394; 95% CI, 0.213-0.727), and CM decoctions (OR, 0.196; 95% CI, 0.109-0.353) as protective factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Reperfusion and revascularization capabilities of tertiary CM hospitals have improved significantly, but in-hospital mortality has not significantly decreased. Efforts are needed to improve medical awareness of AMI and expand the use of CM to reduce in-hospital mortality in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879182

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method for five flavonoids in Rhododendron anthopogonoides and verify its feasibility and applicability in the medicinal materials of R. anthopogonoides. With hyperoside as the internal reference, relative correction factors(RCF) of rutin, quercetin, quercitrin and kaempferol were established by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) analysis. RCFs were used to calculate the content of each component, system durability and relative retention time. Simultaneously, QAMS and external standard method(ESM) were used to determine the content of five flavonoids in 12 batches of R. anthopogonoides from different origins. The results were statistically analyzed to verify the accuracy and feasibility. The fingerprints and cluster analysis data of R. anthopogonoides analyzed and discussed differences among the batches. According to the results, the RCFs of rutin, quercetin, quercetin and kaempferol in R. anthopogonoides were 1.242 6, 0.990 5, 0.535 0, and 0.781 3, respectively. The RCFs represented a good reproducibility under different experimental conditions. Besides, there was no significant difference between QAMS and ESM. Besides, the fingerprint and cluster analysis data showed the consistency between the classification and with the origin distribution of the herbs. In conclusion, the QAMS method shows a good stability and accuracy in the quality control of R. anthopogonoides.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , Rhododendron
17.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833542

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of initial CT quantitative analysis of ground-glass opacity (GGO), consolidation, and total lesion volume and its relationship with clinical features for assessing the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 84 patients with COVID-19 were retrospectively reviewed from January 23, 2020 to February 19, 2020. Patients were divided into two groups: severe group (n = 23) and non-severe group (n = 61). Clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and CT findings on admission were analyzed. CT quantitative parameters, including GGO, consolidation, total lesion score, percentage GGO, and percentage consolidation (both relative to total lesion volume) were calculated. Relationships between the CT findings and laboratory data were estimated. Finally, a discrimination model was established to assess the severity of COVID-19. @*Results@#Patients in the severe group had higher baseline neutrophil percentage, increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and procalcitonin levels, and lower baseline lymphocyte count and lymphocyte percentage (p < 0.001). The severe group also had higher GGO score (p < 0.001), consolidation score (p < 0.001), total lesion score (p < 0.001), and percentage consolidation (p = 0.002), but had a lower percentage GGO (p = 0.008). These CT quantitative parameters were significantly correlated with laboratory inflammatory marker levels, including neutrophil percentage, lymphocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, hs-CRP level, and procalcitonin level (p < 0.05). The total lesion score demonstrated the best performance when the data cut-off was 8.2%. Furthermore, the area under the curve, sensitivity, and specificity were 93.8% (confidence interval [CI]: 86.8–100%), 91.3% (CI: 69.6–100%), and 91.8% (CI: 23.0–98.4%), respectively. @*Conclusion@#CT quantitative parameters showed strong correlations with laboratory inflammatory markers, suggesting that CT quantitative analysis might be an effective and important method for assessing the severity of COVID-19, and may provide additional guidance for planning clinical treatment strategies.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1381-1385, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic risk factors of HLH children with central nervous system (CNS) involvement so as to provide more reference for further improving the prognosis of HLH children.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 45 HLH children with CNS involvement treated in our hospital from January 2006 to October 2016 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics of HLH children with CNS involvement were recorded, moreover the possible factors influencing the prognosis of HLH children with CNS involvement were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis through the establishment of Cox risk ratio model.@*RESULTS@#Among 45 HLH children with CNS involvement, male was 19 cases and female was 26 cases. The median age of 4.0 years old (1.0-15.1). The detection showed that EBV found in 38 cases (84.44%), CMV infection in 1 case (2.22%), bacterial infection in 3 cases (6.67%), connection tissue disease in 1 case (2.22%) and indefinite etiology infection in 2 cases (4.44%). After lumbar puncture of 27 HLH children with CNS involvement, 10 cases (37.04%) showed cerebrospinal fluid abnormality. In addition, 22 cases showed the craniography abnormality. The follow-up results showed that the OS rate of 1 year was 46.67% (21/45), the OS rate of 3 years was 44.44% (20/45); the median survival time was 5.0 months. The OS analysis indicated that 1 years OS rate of diseased children with cerebrospinal fluid abnormality was significantly lower than that of diseased children with cerebrospinal fluid normality (10/45 vs 17/45) (P<0.05), and 1 years OS rate of diseased children who not received intrathecal injection was significantly lower that of diseased children who received intrathecal (10/45 vs 17/45) (P<0.05). The univariate analysis showed that the symptoms of nervous system, abnormal cerebrospinal fluid, absence of intrathecal injection and treatment schedule all were the risk factors affecting the prognosis of HLH children with CNS involvement (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis by Cox risk model showed that abnormal cerebrospinal fluid and absence of intrathecal injection were independent risk factors for of HLH children with CNS involvement (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical prognosis of HLH children with CNS involvement is relatively poor, moreover some of HLH children with CNS involvement have neural sequelae. The cerebrospinal fluid abnormality and absence of intrathecal injection are independent risk factors leading to poor prognosis for HLH clildren with CNS involvement.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Female , Humans , Male , Nervous System , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 455-462, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827041

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to observe the expression of pyroptosis- and inflammation-related proteins in the hippocampus of mice with insulin resistance (IR) after aerobic exercise, and to explore the possible mechanism of exercise to improve IR. C57BL/6J male mice of 6 weeks old were randomly fed with normal diet (n = 12) and high-fat diet (HFD) (n = 26) for 12 weeks respectively. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed to determine whether IR occurred in HFD mice. Then the mice were randomly divided into control group (n = 12), IR group (n = 10) and IR + aerobic exercise group (AE, n = 10). Mice in AE group performed a 12-week progressive speed treadmill training after being adapted to the treadmill for one week. After the intervention, the expression of pyroptosis- and inflammation-related proteins in hippocampus was detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with control group, NFκB, Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC), pyroptosis-related proteins like pro-Caspase-1, gasdermin D (GSDMD), GSDMD-N, and inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-18 were significantly increased. The inflammasome-related protein NIMA-related kinase 7 (NEK7) and pyroptosis-related protein Caspase-1 showed an increasing trend, but there was no significant difference. Compared with the IR group, progressive speed treadmill training significantly reduced the expression of NFκB, NLRP3, NEK7, ASC, pro-Caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N, IL-1β, and IL-18 in the hippocampus of mice with IR. These results suggested 12-week progressive speed treadmill training can significantly reduce the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and inflammatory factors in the hippocampus of mice with IR, and inhibit pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1 , Gene Expression , Hippocampus , Inflammasomes , Insulin Resistance , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NIMA-Related Kinases , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Pyroptosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872814

ABSTRACT

The study of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome model started late but developed rapidly. In recent years, with the deepening of the study of TCM diseases and prescriptions, to develop the modernization of TCM, the study of TCM syndrome model has been required to be more specific and went deeper. Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, as a common clinical syndrome type, often occurs in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, digestive system diseases, chronic kidney disease, cancer and other diseases. With the increase in the aging of population in China, the research on Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome has become a hot topic in the field of TCM due to the physical characteristics of the elderly people with multiple Qi deficiency and blood stasis. The animal models of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome established in recent years were classified into pathological model, etiological model and combined disease and syndrome model. By observing the macroscopical representation, limb behavior and hemorheology of experimental animals in line with the theory of TCM, this paper evaluates the method of modeling, and provides ideas and reference for the method of modeling for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome. The research on the model of Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome should follow the thought of cause-pulse-syndrome-treatment, namely etiology-external manifestation-pathological mechanism-syndrome differentiation and treatment, and combine the study on the TCM syndrome model with modern science, so as to standardize the development of modeling methods and build relatively improved animal models of Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and provide model support for exploring the pathogenesis of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and new treatment ideas in the future.

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