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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942368

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the species of invasive Pomacea snails that were discovered for the first time in Shandong Province. Methods Pomacea snails samples were collected in the field of Jining City, Shandong Province on October 2021 for morphological identification. Pomacea snails were randomly sampled and genomic DNA was extracted from foot muscle tissues of Pomacea snails for multiplex PCR amplification. The PCR amplification product was sequenced. Then, the sequence was aligned and a phylogenetic tree was created using the software MegAlign 7.1.0. In addition, Angiostongylus cantonensis infection was detected in Pomacea snails with the lung microscopy. Results A total of 104 living Pomacea snails were collected, and all were characterized as Pomacea spp. based on morphological features. Of 12 randomly selected adult Pomacea snails, multiplex PCR assay and sequencing identified eleven snails as P. canaliculata and one as P. maculata. No A. cantonensis infection was detected in 104 Pomacea snails. Conclusion This is the first report of invasive Pomacea snails in Shandong Province, where P. canaliculata and P. maculata are found.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2671-2681, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941504

ABSTRACT

The carbamoyl phosphate synthase 1 (CPS1) enzyme is involved in the first phase of the urea cycle, providing a prerequisite molecule for pyrimidine synthesis, as well as promoting tumor cell proliferation and growth. Studies have found that CPS1 is highly expressed in a variety of tumors, including colorectal cancer, lung cancer, etc. and its overexpression is related to the poor prognosis of tumors. Thus, small molecules targeted to inhibit the function of CPS1 in tumors may provide therapeutic benefits for cancer patients who overexpress CPS1. In this study, the function of CPS1 was investigated in vitro, and we found that overexpression of CPS1 can enhance the migration ability of colorectal cancer cells HCT15. Here, based upon the existing crystal structure, combined with high-throughput virtual screening, we obtained 8 candidate small molecule compounds. In vitro activity evaluation, we found that compound 3 has good anti-HCT15, HCT116 cell proliferation activity (HCT15, IC50, 7.69 ± 1.10 μmol‧L-1, HCT116, IC50, 13.53 ± 0.46 μmol‧L-1). Subsequently, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis showed that, compound 3 could target and inhibit the activity of CPS1. In vitro studies showed that compound 3 could inhibit the migration of HCT15 cells, as well as induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Taken together, this study found that compound 3 is a potential small molecule inhibitor that targets CPS1, which provides the experimental basis and theoretical basis for the development of targeted intervention small molecule therapeutic drugs. Based upon the chemical structure of compound 3, we will shed new light on further optimizing its activity and therapeutic potential, which may provide a therapeutic benefit to the patients with CPS1-related tumors.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940603

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Buyang Huanwutang (BHD) on rehabilitation of ischemic stroke(IS) by cell membrane solid-phase chromatography and network pharmacology. MethodCell membrane solid-phase chromatography was performed to screen the specific binding components of BHD with hippocampal neurons. Targets of the specific components were retrieved based on PubChem and PharmMapper and those of IS were searched from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards. Then, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with STRING and Cytoscape 3.7.1, followed by Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of the hub genes in the PPI network. Thereby, the mechanism of BHD in promoting IS rehabilitation was clarified. ResultA total of 13 specific components were identified. The hub genes were mainly involved in the biological processes of regulation of cell proliferation, protein phosphorylation, hypoxia response, and angiogenesis, and the pathways of Forkhead box O (FoxO) signaling pathway, adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, and apoptosis pathway. ConclusionBHD may promote the recovery of IS by regulating FoxO, AMPK, NF-κB, and apoptosis pathways.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940501

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicinal injection (CMI) in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP). MethodEight databases, i.e., China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),VIP,Wanfang Data,CBM,PubMed,EMBASE,The Cochrane Library,and Web of Science were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of conventional treatment combined with CMI (treatment group) versus conventional treatment (CT)(control group)in the treatment of UAP published from database inception to March 31th 2021. Stata 16.0 was used for network Meta-analysis. ResultThirty-nine RCT involving 3 407 patients were included. As revealed by the results of network Meta-analysis, in terms of the total effective rate in angina pectoris improvement, the therapeutic protocols were ranked as Tanreqing injection(TRQI)+CT>Xiangdan injection(XDI)+CT>Ciwujia injection(CWJI)+CT=Shengmai injection(SMI)+CT>Xuesaitong injection(XSTS)+CT>Breviscapine injection(BI)+CT>Shuxuetong injection(SXTI)+CT>Kudiezi injection(KDZI)+CT>Shuxuening injection(SXNI)+CT>Danshen injection (DSI)+CT>Guanxinning injection(GXNI)+CT>Dengzhanxixin injection(DZXXI)+CT>Xueshuantong injection(XSTI)+CT>Gualoupi injection(GLPI)+CT>CT;for the total effective rate in ECG improvement, SXTI+CT>XDI+CT>TRQI+CT>CWJI+CT>XSTI+CT>BI+CT>XSTI+CT>SXNI+CT>GXNI+CT>KDZI+CT>DZXXI+CT>GLPI+CT>CT>SMI+CT;for the adverse reactions, DZXXI+CT>XDI+CT>DSI+CT>BI+CT>SMI+CT>SXNI+CT>CT>GLPI+CT>GXNI+CT>SXTI+CT>KDZI+CT>CWJI+CT;for the reduction of fibrinogen (FIB), BI+CT>SXTI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT>KDZI+CT;for the reduction of C-reactive protein (CRP), DSI+CT>DZXXI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT;for the reduction of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), SXNI+CT>KDZI+CT>SXTI+CT>DZXXI+CT>GLPI+CT>TRQI+CT>XSTI+CT>CT. The results of subgroup analyses were consistent with those of the overall Meta-analysis. ConclusionCMI combined with CT can improve angina pectoris and ECG,reduce adverse reactions,and also improve FIB,CRP,and hs-CRP to varying degrees. However,due to the differences in the quality and quantity of CMIs in RCTs,clinical application should be performed based on the specific conditions.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940351

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study was designed to observe the effect of Didang Xianxiong decoction on the cardiac myocardial microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) injury, and to explore its related mechanism based on the CMECs model induced by high glucose. MethodRat primary myocardial cells were cultured in vitro and 33 mmol·L-1 glucose was added for modeling. After modeling, the rats were randomly divided into model group (final glucose concentration: 33 mmol·L-1), normal group, Didang Xianxiong decoction low dose group (glucose + 5% Didang Xianxiong decoction containing serum), Didang Xianxiong decoction medium dose group (glucose+10% Didang Xianxiong decoction containing serum), Didang Xianxiong decoction high dose group (glucose+20% Didang Xianxiong decoction containing serum) and alagebrium chloride (ALT-711) group (glucose+10% ALT-711 containing serum). The influence of drug-containing serum on the proliferation of CMECs was detected by MTT tetrazolium salt colorimetric assay. The relative mRNA expression of c-Jun was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of phosphorylated Janus kinase 1 (p-JAK1), phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (p-STAT1) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) was determined by Western blot. ResultCompared with the conditions in normal group, the mRNA expression of c-Jun and protein expression of p-JAK1, p-STAT1 and TGF-β1 were up-regulated in model group (P<0.01). Compared with model group, all treatment groups had decreased mRNA expression of c-Jun (P<0.01). Didang Xianxiong decoction medium and high dose groups and ALT-711 group showed reduced protein expression of p-JAK1 and p-STAT1 (P<0.05, P<0.01), while there was no significant change in Didang Xianxiong decoction low dose group. TGF-β1 protein expression was lowered in all treatment groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the decrease was more significant in Didang Xianxiong decoction medium and high dose groups than Didang Xianxiong decoction low dose group. ConclusionDidang Xianxiong decoction can protect CMECs with high glucose-induced injury, and the mechanism may be related to reducing the activity of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in cells.

6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 137-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935988

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and purify a bacteriophage against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and to analyze its genomic information and biological characteristics. Methods: The experimental research methods were adopted. MRSA (hereinafter referred to as host bacteria) solution was collected from the wound of a 63-year-old female patient with the median sternum incision infection admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University). The bacteriophage, named bacteriophage SAP23 was isolated and purified from the sewage of the Hospital by sewage co-culture method and double-layer agar plate method, and the plaque morphology was observed. The morphology of bacteriophage SAP23 was observed by transmission electron microscope after phosphotungstic acid negative staining. The whole genome of bacteriophage SAP23 was sequenced with NovaSeq PE15 platform after its DNA was prepared by sodium dodecyl sulfonate/protease cleavage scheme, and genomic analysis including sequence assembly, annotation, and phylogenetic tree were completed. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution for 4 h at the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10.000 0, 1.000 0, 0.100 0, 0.010 0, 0.001 0, and 0.000 1, respectively, and then the bacteriophage titer was measured by the drip plate method to select the optimal MOI, with here and the following sample numbers of 3. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for 5, 10, and 15 min, respectively, and the bacteriophage titer was measured by the same method as mentioned above to select the optimal adsorption time. After the bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for the optimal adsorption time, the bacteriophage titers were measured by the same method as mentioned above at 0 (immediately), 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, and 120 min after culture, respectively, and a one-step growth curve was drawn. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was incubated at 4, 37, 50, 60, 70, and 80 ℃ and pH 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 for 1 h, respectively, to determine its stability. A total of 41 MRSA strains stored in the Department of Microbiology of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) were used to determine the host spectrum of bacteriophage SAP23. Results: The bacteriophage SAP23 could form a transparent plaque on the host bacteria double-layer agar plate. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a polyhedral head with (88±4) nm in diameter and a tail with (279±21) nm in length and (22.6±2.6) nm in width. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a linear, double-stranded DNA with a full length of 151 618 bp and 11 681 bp long terminal repeats sequence in the sequence ends. There were 220 open reading frames predicted and the bacteriophage could encode 4 transfer RNAs, while no resistance genes or virulence factors were found. The annotation function of bacteriophage SAP23 genes could be divided into 5 groups. The GenBank accession number was MZ427930. According to the genomic collinearity analysis, there were 5 local collinear blocks in the whole genome between the bacteriophage SAP23 and the chosen 6 Staphylococcus bacteriophages, while within or outside the local collinear region, there were still some differences. The bacteriophage SAP23 belonged to the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The optimal MOI of bacteriophage SAP23 was 0.010 0, and the optimal adsorption time was 10 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 had a latent period of 20 min, and a growth phase of 80 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 was able to remain stable at the temperature between 4 and 37 ℃ and at the pH values between 4 and 9. The bacteriophage SAP23 could lyse 3 of the 41 tested MRSA strains. Conclusions: The bacteriophage SAP23 is a member of the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a good tolerance for temperature and acid-base and a short latent period, and can lyse MRSA effectively. The bacteriophage SAP23 is a new type of potent narrow-spectrum bacteriophage without virulence factors and resistance genes.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Genomics , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Middle Aged , Phylogeny , Sternum
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 357-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935954

ABSTRACT

Connective tissue disease (CTD) are closely related to liver abnormality. CTD can affect the liver causing various degrees of liver injury, coexist with other liver diseases, especially autoimmune liver disease (ALD). Medications for CTD can also lead to liver injury or reactivate the hepatitis B virus. CTD patients can also be positive for ALD-related autoantibodies without corresponding manifestation; and vis versa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis should be made on integrating clinical presentation, laboratory, imaging, and histological studies, not solely relying on autoantibody positivity.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Connective Tissue Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Liver
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a myeloid cell specific Clcn7-G763R mutant mouse model and characterize its phenotype.Methods:A mouse conditional knocked in p. G763R mutation in Clcn7 gene was constructed and bred with LysM cre mice to obtain osteopetrosis mice with myeloid cell specific Clcn7-G763R mutation. The differences of bone mass in mice with different genotypes were analyzed using Micro CT and the changes of histology were observed with HE staining. Osteoclasts were cultured and the expression levels of osteoclasts differentiation and maturation-related genes were detected by real-time PCR. The functions of osteoclasts were examined through bone resorption assay.Results:The body weight of homozygous mutant mice at 4 weeks old was reduced compared with the wild type mice [(12.000±1.666)g vs(15.630±2.314)g, P=0.021], with shorter femur length [(1.160±0.096)cm vs (1.300±0.082)cm, P=0.037]. Micro CT showed that bone mineral density of homozygous mutant mice was remarkably increased at 4 weeks old [(0.753±0.002)g/cm 3vs(0.143±0.034)g/cm 3, P=0.003], while bone mineral density of heterozygous mutant mice increased significantly at 8 weeks old [(0.236±0.021)g/cm 3vs(0.180±0.020)g/cm 3, P=0.030]. HE staining revealed increased trabecula bone volume in the mutant mice, especially in homozygous mutant mice with narrow bone marrow cavity and wider hypertrophic zone of chondrocytes. There was no significant difference in the number of osteoclasts between wild type mice and heterozygous mice in vitro( P=0.358), while total area of osteoclasts increased in heterozygous mutant mice [(3.590×10 6±0.911×10 6)μm 2vs(1.352×10 6±0.260×10 6)μm 2, P=0.043]. Impaired function of resorption was unveiled by bone resorption assay. There were no significant differences in the expressions of osteoclast differentiation and maturity-related genes including NFATc1, c-fos, Ctsk, and Acp5 between the two groups. Conclusion:A myeloid cell specific Clcn7-G763R mutation mice with impaired osteoclasts and increased bone mass is successfully constructed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficay of different doses of remimazolam for anesthesia induction during reoperation in asthenic patients with tracheotomy.Methods:One hundred and twenty patients of both sexes, aged 19-64 yr, with a modified frailty index score ≥3, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅳ, scheduled for reoperation after tracheotomy, were divided into 4 groups ( n=30 each)using a random number table method: propofol group (group C) and different doses of remimazolam groups (R 1, R 2 and R 3 groups). Anesthesia was induced with intravenous sufentanil 5 μg, propofol 1.5 mg/kg in group C and with remimazolam 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg/kg in R 1, R 2 and R 3 groups, respectively.The tracheotomy cannula was replaced with a reinforced endotracheal intubation (ID=6.0 mm) when bispectral index value ≤ 65.Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were recorded before induction (T 0), immediately before replacement of the tube (T 1) and immediately after replacement of the tube (T 2). The onset time of anesthesia and adverse reactions such as hypotension, bradycardia and bucking during replacement of the tube, and requirement for rescue sedation were recorded. Results:Compared with group C, mean arterial pressure was significantly increased at T 1, 2 in group R 1 and group R 2, the onset time of anesthesia was significantly prolonged, the incidence of hypotension and bradycardia was decreased in R 1, R 2 and R 3 groups, and the requirement for rescue sedation in group R 1 and incidence of bucking in group R 1 and group R 2 were increased ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group R 1, heart rate at T 2 was significantly decreased, the onset time of anesthesia was shortened, and the requirement for rescue sedation and incidence of bucking were decreased in C, R 2 and R 3 groups, and the incidence of hypotension was significantly increased in group R 3 ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group R 2, the onset time of anesthesia was significantly shortened in group R 3 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Remimazolam 0.2 mg/kg provides good efficacy when used for anesthesia induction with fewer side effects during reoperation in asthenic patients with tracheotomy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 10-16, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of individualized sunitinib schedule for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) according to the monitoring results of plasma drug concentration.Methods:The clinical data of patients with mRCC who received sunitinib treatment in our center from January 2014 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 patients who underwent monitoring of plasma drug concentration (monitoring group), and 45 patients, matched by propensity score matching, received sunitinib but did not undergo monitoring of plasma drug concentration during the same period (unmonitored group). In the monitoring group, there were 12 males and 8 females. The mean age was 52.9 years, and ECOG score ≤1 in 16 cases (80%). Three patients were in the IMDC favorable-risk group, 15 patients were in the intermediate-risk group, and 2 patients were in the high-risk group. There were 18 cases of clear cell carcinoma and 2 cases of non-clear cell carcinoma, 5 cases of ISUP grade 1-2 and 11 cases of grade 3-4. In the unmonitored group, there were 31 males and 14 females. The mean age was 57.7 years, and 30 patients had ECOG score ≤1, 15 cases ≥2. There were 10 cases in IMDC favorable-risk group, 23 cases in intermediate-risk group, and 12 cases in high-risk group. Thirty-seven cases were clear cell carcinoma and 8 cases were non-clear cell carcinoma, 8 cases were in ISUP grade 1-2 and 28 cases in grade 3-4. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in the above parameters ( P>0.05). The monitoring group used the regimen of taking sunitinib for 4 weeks and stopping for 2 weeks (4/2 week) in the first cycle. The blood concentration of sunitinib was monitored before the first cycle and on days 4, 7, 10, 14, 21 and 28, and personalized medication plan was formulated according to the curve of the blood concentration. The 4/2 week scheme was adopted in the undetected monitoring group.The two groups were compared in the incidence of adverse events (AEs), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), tumor treatment response and other clinical outcomes. Results:In the monitoring group, 90% (18/20) of patients receiving sunitinib had a steady-state plasma concentration of more than 150ng/ml, of which 10 patients (50%) had a plasma concentration of 150-200 ng/ml and 8 patients (40%) had a plasma concentration of more than 200 ng/ml. Meanwhile, all patients with plasma concentration higher than 150 ng/ml developed severe AEs (grade 3 and above) after treatment. The other two patients' plasma concentration were 100-150 ng/ml, and did not have severe AEs.All patients in the monitoring group received individualized medication schedule adjustment according to the plasma drug concentration and the occurrence point of severe AEs, ensuring that the peak plasma drug concentration was maintained at about 100-150 ng/ml. Among them, 6 patients were changed to take 2 weeks and stop for 1 week (2/1 week schedule), 4 patients were changed to take 10 days and stop for 5 days (10/5 d schedule), 7 patients were changed to take 7 days and stop for 3 days (7/3 d schedule), and 3 patients were changed to take 5 days and stop for 2 days (5/2 d schedule). The incidence of severe AEs significantly decreased from 90% (18/20) to 35% (7/20), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.003), while the incidence of grade 3 and higher AEs was 55.6% (25/45) in the standard group, which was statistically significant compared with the incidence of severe AEs before adjustment in the monitoring group ( P=0.006). Further analysis of the efficacy difference between the two groups showed that the overall objective response rate in the monitoring group (40%, 8/20) was higher than that in the standard group (20%, 9/45), although the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.09). Median PFS and OS were significantly longer in the monitored group than in the standard group (PFS: 23 vs. 10 months, P=0.002; OS: not reached vs.25 months, P=0.005). Conclusions:The bioavailability of sunitinib is high in mRCC patients, which may lead to higher plasma drug concentration, adjustment of medication regimen based on blood concentration monitoring significantly improved patient safety and clinical outcomes. However, further validation by larger-scale, multi-center and prospective studies is needed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933000

ABSTRACT

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative bacillus which widely exists in natural and hospital environment, and it is also one of the common opportunistic pathogens in clinical settings. The virulence and pathogenicity of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are weak, however, due to resistance to a variety of antibacterial drugs, it can cause bloodstream infections or pneumonia in immunocompromised or critically ill patients, leading to poor prognosis. Moreover, the inherent drug resistance and increasing acquired drug resistance may make the treatment of the first line antibiotics, like trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or quinolone ineffective. Therefore, it is important to understand the drug resistance mechanism and the main countermeasures for it. In this article, the research progress on drug resistance mechanism and treatment for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are reviewed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932976

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and anxiety levels in patients hospitalized with cardiovascular-related diseases and hypertension.Methods:A total of 221 patients hospitalized with cardiovascular-related diseases in the Fuwai Hospital were selected by a voluntary sampling method from September to December 2021. Participants were divided into hypertensive and non-hypertensive groups ( n=119 and n=102) based on the diagnosis of hypertension in their inpatient medical records. Anxiety levels were assessed using the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, and the levels of serum hs-CRP were estimated by automatic immunoanalyzer. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between hs-CRP and anxiety. Results:In the hypertensive group, the risk of anxiety in patients with abnormal hs-CRP (>3 mg/L) was 4.239 times (95% CI: 1.569-11.748, P=0.005) higher than those in normal hs-CRP (≤3 mg/L). In turn, compared with patients without anxiety, those with anxiety had 3.878 times greater probability of experiencing abnormal hs-CRP (95% CI: 1.495-10.062, P=0.005), while those with mild anxiety and moderate to severe anxiety had 4.525 times (95% CI: 1.392-14.714, P=0.012) and 3.286 times (95% CI: 0.911-11.357, P=0.070) greater odds of experiencing abnormal hs-CRP, respectively. No similar significant association was seen in the non-hypertensive group. Conclusion:There is an interrelationship between elevated hs-CRP and anxiety in hospitalized patients with cardiovascular-related diseases and hypertension.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To serially characterize the myocardial perfusion, myocardial hibernation and left ventricular (LV) function as well as LV remodeling in progressive coronary artery stenosis in Chinese mini-pigs.Methods:In 8 Chinese mini-pigs (5 males, 3 females; age: 10 months), chronic progression of coronary stenosis and finally occlusion was established using Ameroid constrictor implantation at the 1 cm below the bifurcation of the first diagonal branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Serial gated 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile(MIBI) SPECT/CT, gated 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and coronary angiography (CAG) were performed before surgery and at the 1st, 4th and 8th week after surgery. Longitudinally, total perfusion defect (TPD), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), summed motion score (SMS), summed thickening score (STS) and hibernating myocardium (HM) were analyzed. Repeated measures analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and Bonferroni correction method were used to analyze data. Results:One mini-pig died of infection after the Ameroid constrictor implantation. In the remaining 7 mini-pigs, TPD was progressively increased with time prolonged (0, 12.0%(0, 33.0%), (41.1±23.7)% and (49.3±24.5)%; H=17.03, P=0.001); Compared with HM before the surgery (100%), HM was gradually reduced from the 1st (21.0%(6.0%, 100%)) to the 4th (18.0%(3.0%, 33.0%)) week after surgery, and then increased to the 8th week after surgery ((23.0±15.4)%; H=13.09, P=0.004), but there was no significant difference between the 1st and 4th week, or between the 4th and 8th week after surgery (both P>0.05 (Bonferroni correction method)). Accordingly, LVEF gradually decreased ((73.7±8.4)%, (63.7±19.1)%, (53.7±14.6)% and (49.9±15.4)%; F=6.22, P=0.004). LVEDV (9.0(6.0, 21.0), (31.4±16.3), (32.9±17.4) and (36.4±17.5) ml; H=8.58, P=0.035)and LVESV ((3.8±3.2), (15.9±15.3), 12.0(10.0, 17.0)and (19.3±10.9) ml; H=10.51, P=0.015) gradually increased. SMS and STS continuously increased as well ( H values: 16.49, 13.33, P values: 0.001, 0.004). Conclusions:With the progression of coronary artery stenosis to occlusion, myocardial perfusion is gradually decreased, while the global and regional LV function, LV remodeling are gradually aggravated, and HM is gradually reduced. After the chronic coronary artery occlusion, myocardial perfusion has a trend to be improved and HM is gradually recovered.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 349-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of posteromedial and anterolateral approach and single posteromedial reversed L approach for reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of Wahlquist type C medial tibial plateau fracture (mTPF) with coronal subluxation of knee joint.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 44 surgically treated Wahlquist type C mTPFs from January 2010 to April 2021. They were divided into single-approach group (21 cases, 12 males and 9 females with mean age of 50.71±11.28 years) and combined-approach group (23 cases, 16 males and 7 females with mean age of 51.00±10.07 years) according to their surgical approach. The single-approach group contained 14 left limbs and 7 right limbs, and there were 19 anteromedial-posteromedial-posterolateral mTPF and 2 posteromedial-posterolateral mTPF. The combined-approach group contained 18 left limbs and 5 right limbs, and there were 22 anteromedial-posteromedial-posterolateral mTPF and 1 posteromedial-posterolateral mTPF. The intraoperative blood loss and incidence of blood transferring were assessed according to the anesthetic recording. The incidence of residual knee subluxation and articular surface step, medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and posterior proximal tibial angle (PPTA) were measured on the postoperative plain radiograph and the function recovery of the affected knee was evaluated by the short musculoskeletal function assessment (SMFA) and the visual analogue scale (VAS).Results:The intraoperative blood loss in combined-approach group was 597.83±89.79 ml and 516.67±79.58 ml in single-approach group, there was a significant difference between the two groups ( t=3.16, P=0.003). The incidence of blood transferring was 17% (4/23) in the combined-approach group and 14% (3/21) in the single-approach group, with no significant difference (χ 2=0.08, P=0.78). All 44 patients were followed up for 8 to 133 months (mean 54 months). The rate of the residual knee subluxation and unsatisfied articular surface reduction in the combined-approach group was lower than that in the single-approach group (34.8% vs. 76.2%, χ 2=7.59, P=0.006; 30.4% vs. 61.9%, χ 2=4.39, P=0.036). There was no significant difference between the combined-approach group and single-approach groups in the postoperative MPTA (86.67°±3.31° vs. 85.86°±4.36°, t=0.88, P=0.386) and PPTA (81.57°±3.22° vs. 83.90°±6.80°, t=1.44, P=0.162). The SMFA and VAS score sin the combined-approach group were significantly better than single-approach groups (20.52±11.04 vs. 31.19±16.79; t=2.51, P=0.016; 2.74±1.32 vs. 3.76±1.04; t=3.13, P=0.007). Conclusion:The efficacy of combined posteromedial and anterolateral approach in the treatment of Wahlquist type C mTPF with coronal subluxation of knee joint is superior to that of traditional single posteromedial reversed L approach.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of ferroptosis in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) combine with normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) in repairing steatotic liver donor after cardiac death (DCD) in SD rats.Methods:BMMSCs were derived from SD rats to establish the DCD model of rats steatotic liver. A total of 24 rats were randomly divided into four groups: simple steatotic liver model group (Sham), static cold storage group (SCS), NMP, BMMSCs combine with NMP preservation group (BNMP), and the preservation time was 4 hours. The donor liver function was evaluated by liver structure, liver enzymes and lactic acid content of perfusion fluid, bile secretion and inflammatory cytokines; furthermore, in order to evaluate the occurrence of liver ferroptosis, the content of Fe 2+, malondialdehyde and glutathione (GSH) in liver tissue, as well as the mRNA or protein expression changes of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (Ptgs2), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) were detected. Results:After DCD steatotic donor liver was preserved for 4 hours, the liver injury, pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines expression in the BNMP and NMP groups were better than those in the SCS group. During the machine perfusion preservation period, alanine aminotransferase [(189.0±12.5)U/L vs. (227.7±16.2)U/L], aspartate aminotransferase [(207.3±18.6)U/L vs. (247.0±11.8)U/L] and lactic acid [(2.3±0.3)mmol/L vs. (2.9±0.2)mmol/L] in the BNMP group is lower than those in NMP group, moreover, the amount of hepatic bile secretion in the BNMP group [(1 245.7±46.8) μl vs. (1 014.3±67.9) μl] was more than that in NMP group, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The content of Fe 2+ and malondialdehyde in the liver tissue of BNMP group was significantly lower than those of SCS and NMP groups, on the contrary, the content of GSH was significantly higher than those of SCS and NMP groups. In addition, in the BNMP group, the mRNA level of Ptgs2 and protein level of COX-2 in the liver were significantly reduced, and expression of GPX4 and FTH1 were significantly higher than those of NMP and SCS groups, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion:BMMSCs combine with normothermic machine perfusion can better repair SD rats DCD steatotic donor liver and its mechanism of action may be related to its regulation on liver ferroptosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 36-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the classification performance of combined model constructed from CT signs combined with radiomics for discriminating COVID-19 pneumonia and other viral pneumonia.Methods:The clinical and CT imaging data of 181 patients with viral pneumonia confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 15 hospitals of Yunnan Province from March 2015 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The 181 patients were divided into COVID-19 group (89 cases) and non-COVID-19 group (92 cases), which were further divided into training cohort (126 cases) and test cohort (55 cases) at a ratio of 7∶3 using random stratified sampling. The CT signs of pneumonia were determined and the radiomics features were extracted from the initial unenhanced chest CT images to build independent and combined models for predicting COVID-19 pneumonia. The diagnostic performance of the models were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, continuous net reclassification index (NRI) calibration curve and decision curve analysis.Results:The combined models consisted of 3 significant CT signs and 14 selected radiomics features. For the radiomics model alone, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were 0.904 (sensitivity was 85.5%, specificity was 84.4%, accuracy was 84.9%) in the training cohort and 0.866 (sensitivity was 77.8%, specificity was 78.6%, accuracy 78.2%) in the test cohort. After combining CT signs and radiomics features, AUC of the combined model for the training cohort was 0.956 (sensitivity was 91.9%, specificity was 85.9%, accuracy was 88.9%), while that for the test cohort was 0.943 (sensitivity was 88.9%, specificity was 85.7%, accuracy was 87.3%). The AUC values of the combined model and the radiomics model in the differentiation of COVID-19 group and the non-COVID-19 group were significantly different in the training cohort ( Z=-2.43, P=0.015), but difference had no statistical significance in the test cohort ( Z=-1.73, P=0.083), and further analysis using the NRI showed that the combined model in both the training cohort and the test cohort had a positive improvement ability compared with radiomics model alone (training cohort: continuous NRI 1.077, 95 %CI 0.783-1.370; test cohort: continuous NRI 1.421, 95 %CI 1.051-1.790). The calibration curve showed that the prediction probability of COVID-19 predicted by the combined model was in good agreement with the observed value in the training and test cohorts; the decision curve showed that a net benefit greater than 0.6 could be obtained when the threshold probability of the combined model was 0-0.75. Conclusion:The combination of CT signs and radiomics might be a potential method for distinguishing COVID-19 and other viral pneumonia with good performance.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicular fractures.Methods:A total of 64 patients with Neer Ⅱb clavicular fracture were treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Nanjing Medical University from September 2016 to June 2019. They were 35 males and 29 females, aged from 19 to 68 years (average, 50.7 years). They were assigned into 2 groups according to their operative methods: a reconstruction group of 30 cases undergoing coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and a hook plate group of 34 cases undergoing fixation with a clavicular hook plate. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, surgical incision length, postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, and postoperative complications.Results:There was no significant difference in general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). Operations were completed uneventfully and surgical incisions healed by primary intention in both groups after operation. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 14.6 months). The operation time [(74.6±22.0) min] and incision length [(10.4±0.4) cm] were significantly shorter but the intraoperative blood loss [(90.2±5.3) mL] was significantly less in the hook plate group than those in the reconstruction group [(95.6±20.8) min, (12.4±0.9) cm and (74.2±3.5) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). At 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, the VAS scores (1.8±0.5, 1.2±0.3 and 1.1±0.2) and Constant-Murley scores (85.2±4.6, 91.1±2.6 and 92.1±2.2) in the reconstruction group were significantly better than those in the hook plate group (3.2±1.0, 1.6±0.3 and 1.5±0.3; 73.6±2.9, 85.9±4.6 and 87.0±3.1) ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio (elevation) in the hook plate group (0.20±0.16) was significantly greater than that in the reconstruction group (0.10±0.05) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Neer ⅡB distal clavicular fractures, coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction may lead to better fixation and fewer postoperative complications than a clavicular hook plate, demonstrating fine clinical efficacy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 374-379, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932253

ABSTRACT

Trauma registration is an important tool to record the process and timeline in the treatment of trauma patients. The operation of trauma database is of great significance for reducing the mortality of patients, promoting the construction of trauma treatment system, and providing reference for policy-making. Trauma registration system has been established in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany and other developed countries for many years. However, the domestic system is still at an initial stage, and there are problems like data deficiencies, data incoherence, no item of complications, no treatment data after discharge and limits of human and financial resources. Therefore, there is room for improvements in terms of personnel fixation, financial support and continuous data monitoring should be further improved. In this study, the authors summarize the traum registration system from aspects of basic situation both at home and abroad, data analysis, clinical value, operation mechanism and challenges so as to provide important data for clinical researches.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of three teaching methods of case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL) and blended learning (CBL+PBL) on the teaching of clinical clerkship of cardiovascular internal medicine among medical students.Methods:A total of 175 third-year medical students were divided into three groups (CBL, PBL and CBL+PBL). They entered the clinical clerkship in batches, and then received written examination and questionnaire survey after the teaching. The data were processed by SPSS 19.0 and were compared by one-way ANOVA or chi-square test (R × C) among groups.Results:The total average scores of students in CBL, PBL and CBL+PBL groups were 15.34±2.88, 14.67±2.98 and 17.13±2.82, respectively ( P<0.05), and the proportion of students with "excellent" scores were 27.4%(17/62), 14.5%(9/62) and 58.1%(36/162), respectively. Most students in CBL group did not agree that CBL helped to train literature access skills [70.7%(41/58)] or teamwork ability [82.8%(48/58)], compared with which 70.9%(39/55) in PBL group thought it helped to train literature access skills but only 7.3%(4/55) well accepted PBL. In addition, majority of students in CBL+PBL group believed it was helpful to gain learning interest [64.3%(36/56)] and train team cooperation ability [62.5%(35/56)], and [53.6%(30/56)] favored this teaching method. Conclusion:Compared with traditional CBL, PBL fails to attract students or improve teaching performance; while blended learning is benefited for the students and can improve teaching quality.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931259

ABSTRACT

Recombinant human interferon α2b(rhIFNα2b)is widely used as an antiviral therapy agent for the treatment of hepatitis B and hepatitis C.The current identification test for rhIFNα2b is complex.In this study,an anti-rhIFNα2b nanobody was discovered and used for the development of a rapid lateral flow strip for the identification of rhIFNα2b.RhIFNα2b was used to immunize an alpaca,which established a phage nanobody library.After five steps of enrichment,the nanobody I22,which specifically bound rhIFNα2b,was isolated and inserted into the prokaryotic expression vector pET28a.After subsequent purification,the physicochemical properties of the nanobody were determined.A semiquantitative detection and rapid identification assay of rhIFNα2b was developed using this novel nanobody.To develop a rapid test,the nanobody I22 was coupled with a colloidal gold to produce lateral-flow test strips.The developed rhIFNα2b detection assay had a limit of detection of 1 μg/mL.The isolation of I22 and successful construction of a lateral-flow immunochromatographic test strip demonstrated the feasibility of performing ligand-binding assays on a lateral-flow test strip using recombinant protein products.The principle of this novel assay is generally applicable for the rapid testing of other com-mercial products,with a great potential for routine use in detecting counterfeit recombinant protein products.

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