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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2434-2441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999139

ABSTRACT

Blood stasis syndrome is one of the core clinical syndrome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the biological connotation of this syndrome is not clear, and there is a lack of disease improved animal models that match the characteristics of this disease and syndrome. The aim of this study was to screen the candidate biomarker gene set of blood stasis syndrome of RA, reveal the biological connotation of this syndrome, and explore and evaluate the preparation method of the improved animal model based on the characteristics of "disease-syndrome-symptom". The study was approved by the ethics committee of Guang'anmen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. 2019-073-KY-01) and the First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. TYLL2021[K]018), and the study subjects gave their informed consent. Animal welfare and experimental procedures followed the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. IBTCMCACMS21-2207-01). The whole blood samples were collected clinically from RA patients with blood stasis syndrome (3 cases) or other syndromes (7 types, 3 cases/type), and healthy volunteers (4 cases), and then transcriptome sequencing, KEGG, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) analysis were performed. 126 pivotal genes were screened, and their functional annotation results were significantly enriched in "immune-inflammation" related pathways and lipid metabolism regulation (sphingolipids, ether lipid metabolism and steroid biosynthesis). Syndrome-symptom mapping of hub gene set to the TCM primary and secondary symptoms, Western phenotypic symptoms and pathological links showed that joint tingling, abnormal joint morphology, petechiae and abnormal blood circulation are representative of blood stasis syndrome of RA. The results of the improved animal model showed that the rats in the collagen-induced arthritis + adrenaline hydrochloride (CIA+Adr) 3 model group had increased blood rheology, coagulation, platelet function and endothelial function abnormalities compared with the CIA-alone model group, suggesting that the rats with blood stasis syndrome of RA may be in a state of "blood stasis". The results of the study can help to advance the objective study of the evidence of blood stasis syndrome in RA, and provide new ideas for the establishment of an animal model that reflects the clinical characteristics of the disease and syndrome.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 205-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of fat suction combined with bipolar radiofrequency on face and neck rejuvenation.Methods:A total of 115 patients with face and neck fat deposits and skin laxity underwent fat suction combined with bipolar radiofrequency between December 2021 and October 2022 by the same surgeon in Changsha My Like Medical Cosmetology Hospital. There were 3 men and 112 women in this research. The mean age was 36.1 years (range, 26-55 years) and the mean body mass index was 21.4 (range, 16.8-27.7 kg/cm 2). Postoperative patient satisfaction surveys were conducted and 2 independent doctors evaluated clinical effect with preoperative and postoperative photographs at 3-6 months postoperatively. Results:The mean amount of fat aspirated was 44.5 ml (range, 10-92 ml) and the mean energy delivered was 4.5 kJ (range, 2.1-8.9 ml). 88.7% of patients were satisfied with their postoperative effect (102/115 patients). 92.2% of doctors were satisfied with the postoperative effect (106/115 patients). Four out of 115 patients (3.5%) developed irregularity by fat suction.Conclusions:Fat suction combined with bipolar radiofrequency can effectively reduce the fat accumulation of facial and neck and significantly improve skin relaxation. It is an effective method to rejuvenate facial and neck.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 736-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway in edaravone-induced attenuation of long-term cognitive impairment caused by long-time sedation with propofol in the neonatal rats.Methods:Eighty SPF healthy newborn Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 7 days, weighing 15-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), propofol group (group P), edaravone+ propofol group (group EP) and Nrf2 inhibitor ML385+ edaravone+ propofol group (group MEP). Propofol 75 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day for 7 consecutive days in P group, EP group and MEP group, respectively, while the equal volume of medium/long chain fat emulsion injection was intraperitoneally injected in C group. Edaravone 3 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before each propofol injection in EP and MEP groups, and ML385 15 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected simultaneously in group MEP. The spontaneous activity was evaluated by the open field test on day 29 after birth, and the cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze test on days 30-34 after birth. The rats were sacrificed after the end of water maze test, and brains were removed and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels (by flow cytometry), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 area (using HE staining). Results:There was no significant difference in the speed, distance and time of stay at the center of the open field among the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with C group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was reduced, the levels of MDA and ROS were increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury was observed in the hippocampal CA1 region in group P. Compared with P group, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was increased, the levels of MDA and ROS in the hippocampus were decreased, the activity of SOD was increased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury in the hippocampal CA1 region was significantly alleviated in EP group. Compared with EP group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was reduced, the levels of MDA and ROS were increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury was aggravated in the hippocampal CA1 region in MEP group. Conclusions:The mechanism by which edaravone attenuates long-term cognitive impairment caused by long-time sedation with propofol is related to activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of oxidative stress in the neonatal rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 176-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in long-term cognitive impairment induced by multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia in neonatal rats.Methods:Seventy-five SPF healthy newborn Sprague-Dawley rats of either sex, aged 6 days, weighing 12-20 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=25 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia group (group S) and TLR4 inhibitor plus multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia group (group I+ S). The rats in group S and group I inhaled 3% sevoflurane for 2 h at 6, 7 and 8 days after birth. TLR4 inhibitor TAK-242 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected before each exposure to sevoflurane in group I, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other two groups. The spontaneous activity was evaluated by open field test on day 29 after birth, and the cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze test on days 30-34 after birth. After the behavioral test, the blood samples from the abdominal aorta were collected, and then the rats were sacrificed under deep anesthesia to isolate the hippocampal tissues for measurement of the levels of S100β and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in serum and hippocampal interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and phosphorylated NF-κB p65 (p-NF-κB p65) (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of hippocampal CA1 region after HE staining. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the TLR4 expression was up-regulated, the ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 was increased, the levels of serum S100β protein and NSE and hippocampal IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 region were aggravated in group S. Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, TLR4 expression was down-regulated, the ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 was decreased, the levels of S100β and NSE in serum and hippocampal IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 area were significantly attenuated in group P. Conclusions:The mechanism by which multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia induces long-term cognitive impairment is related to activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and increase in hippocampal inflammatory responses in neonatal rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 68-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993978

ABSTRACT

Hereditary prostate cancer has the highest hereditary rate in men cancers. Genes associated with hereditary prostate cancer susceptibility include mismatch repair genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2) and homologous recombination genes (BRCA1/2, ATM, PALB2, CHEK2), and single nucleotide polymorphisms and copy number variants also play a role in genetic mutations. Early onset, rapid disease progression and locally advanced stage are the main features of hereditary prostate cancer. Patients with potentially hereditary prostate cancer would benefit from undergoing genetic testing or counseling. This article reviews the current status of the prevalence, incidence characteristics, and etiology of familial hereditary prostate cancer and other research advances.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 219-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of routine exposure versus neuromonitoring of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) in thyroid cancer surgery. Methods:The clinical data of 500 patients who underwent open thyroid cancer surgery in the Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, People's Hospital of Quzhou from July 2017 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into a monitoring group ( n = 300) and an unmonitored group (control group) ( n = 200) according to whether neuromonitoring was performed during surgery. In the control group, the EBSLN was routinely exposed during the surgery for naked observation. In the monitoring group, the EBSLN was monitored. The Voice Handicap Index score, vocal cord function, and serum levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium ion were compared between the two groups before and after surgery. All patients were followed up for 1 year to observe injury to the EBSLN, parathyroid gland injury, and hypocalcemia. Results:In the monitoring group, operative time (112.32 ± 10.42) minutes, intraoperative blood loss (10.58 ± 5.04) mL, time to extubation (2.07 ± 0.54) days, postoperative drainage flow (10.55 ± 3.58) mL, and postoperative hospital stay (3.03 ± 1.03) days were significantly shorter and less compared with the control group ( t = 18.68, 15.09, 15.24, 32.98, 27.37, all P < 0.001). Compared with before surgery, normalized noise energy, amplitude perturbation, fundamental frequency perturbation, and fundamental frequency value in each group were significantly decreased after surgery, harmonic to noise ratio and the Voice Handicap Index were significantly increased after surgery. These indices were more obviously improved in the monitoring group compared with the control group ( t = 43.31, 27.10, 46.45, 37.11, 8.97, all P < 0.001). Compared with before surgery, serum levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium ion in each group were significantly decreased after surgery. After surgery, serum levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium ion in the control group were significantly lower than those in the monitoring group ( t = 41.14, 5.99, both P < 0.001). The incidence of complications in the monitoring group [4 cases of hypocalcemia (1.33%), 0 cases of parathyroid injury (0.00%), 8 cases of injury to the EBSLN] was significantly lower than that in the control group ( χ2 = 73.41, 74.17, 76.29, all P < 0.001). Conclusion:Neuromonitoring of the EBSLN during open thyroid cancer surgery can effectively improve patient voice and vocal cord function, reduce the rate of injury to the EBSLN, and has a clinical application value.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 221-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of pneumovesicoscopic Cohen and Politano-Leadbetter procedures in the treatment of vesicoureteral junction obstruction (VUJO) in children.Methods:The data of 48 children with VUJO who underwent operations in the Department of Urology, Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the operation time, the patients were divided into the pneumovesicoscopic Cohen group(group C) (28 cases) and pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter group(group P) (20 cases). The operation time, postoperative urinary catheterization duration, hematuria duration, hospitalization time, and the improvement of hydronephrosis, ureteral dilatation, and renal function after surgery were compared between the 2 groups.The enumeration data were compared by the χ2 test or Fisher′ s exact probability method.The measurement data were compared by the t-test. Results:All the 48 children were successfully operated on by the same surgeon, without conversion to open surgery.Six cases in the group C had a megaureter and underwent ureter tailoring.Two cases in the group P had calyceal and ureteral calculi, which were all removed after operation.There was a statistically significant difference in the operation time between group C and group P[(136.5±35.4) min vs.(165.8±33.2) min, t=-3.154, P=0.002]. The patients were followed up for (10.3±2.6) months after operation.There were 8 cases and 6 cases of urinary tract infection in group C and group P within 2 months after the operation, respectively.They all improved after conservative anti-infection treatment, and the infection was well controlled after removal of the D-J tube.Besides, their intravenous pyelography 6 months after operation showed that the ureter was unobstructed.In group C, 6 months after the operation, the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis [(1.62±0.54) cm vs.(2.55±1.24) cm, t=-5.027, P=0.001] and the largest diameter of the ureter [(0.95±0.27) cm vs.(1.51±0.52) cm, t=-8.495, P<0.001] were significantly decreased, compared with those before operation.However, the renal cortex thickness was increased significantly [(1.47±0.25) cm vs.(0.86±0.46) cm, t=2.028, P=0.004], and the renal function (as indicated by the diuretic nephrogram) was notably improved [(46.27±2.16)% vs.(41.83±3.04)%, t=1.647, P=0.030]. In group P, 6 months after operation, the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis[(1.48±0.82) cm vs.(2.68±1.41) cm, t=-2.740, P=0.003] and the maximum diameter of the ureter [(1.05±0.46) cm vs.(1.36±0.27) cm, t=-1.635, P=0.040] were significantly smaller than those before operation.However, the renal cortical thickness was increased [(1.38±0.33) cm vs.(0.74±0.39) cm, t=9.073, P<0.001], and the renal function (as indicated by the diuretic nephrogram) was significantly improved [(45.18±3.35)% vs.(39.55±2.49)%, t=1.277, P=0.030]. Politano-Leadbetter surgery outperformed Cohen surgery in promoting the recovery of the anterior and posterior diameters of the renal pelvis [(1.48±0.82) cm vs.(1.62±0.54) cm, t=-1.748, P=0.030]. Conclusions:Pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation can establish a longer submucosal tunnel without changing the ureteral shape and opening position, having good effects in treating VUJO combined with calyceal and ureteral calculi.Pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation can also better improve postoperative recovery from hydronephrosis than Cohen operation.However, the pneumovesicoscopic Politano-Leadbetter operation is more difficult and requires longer time.The surgeon should choose a reasonable operation based on his/her own experience.

8.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 582-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015182

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To study the morphology, muscle architecture index and distribution pattern of intramuscular nerve dense area of elbow muscle, so as to provide anatomical location for poster-lateral approach of elbow joint and transplantation of elbow muscle flap. Methods Through gross anatomy, muscle architecture index and modified Sihler’s intramuscular nerve staining, 10 cases with an average age of 64. 2 years were selected. Results The elbow muscle was approximate triangle, the muscle wet weight was (6. 31±0. 85) g, the muscle length was (6. 24±0. 78) cm, the muscle fiber length was (4. 74±0. 88) cm, pennation angle(70. 60±6. 41)°and the muscle physiological cross-sectional area was (0. 41±0. 15) cm

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 287-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013854

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the potential mechanism of osthole promoting autophagy in cervical cancer HeLa cells. Methods HeLa cells were treated with various concentrations of Osthole(0,10,20,40,80,160,240,320 mg·L-1). MTT was used to detect cell vitality. Transmission electron microscopy(TEM)was used to observe the morphology of HeLa cells after osthole intervention. Mondane sulfonyl cadaverine(MDC)staining was used to dectect the level of autophagy. Western blot was employed to analyze the expression levels of mitochondrial protein MFN1 and DPR1. JC-1 flourescence probe was applied to detect mitochondrial membrane potential. Flow cytometry was used to deteminet the release of reactive oxygen species(ROS). A transplanted tumor model of cervical cancer was established in vivo in nude mice. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of PINK1,Parkin and LC3Ⅱ/. Results Osthole could inhibit the proliferation of HeLa cells significantly. Transmission electron microscopy showed that typical autophagosomes were formed in HeLa cells after osthole intervention. The fluorescence intensity of MDC was enhanced. The expression of mitochondrial fusion protein MFN1 was down-regulated after HeLa cells pretreated with osthole,and mitochondrial fission protein DRP1 was up-regulated. Mitochondrial membrane potential decreased. ROS production of HeLa cells was increased by flow cytometry,which could be reversed by autophagy inhibitor 3-MA. Tumor weight in nude mice was inhibited by osthole obviously,which might restrain cervical cancer. Western blot result indicated that the key factors of mitochondrial autophagy PINK1,Parkin and LC3Ⅱ/ratio were up-regulated in HeLa cells. Conclusions Osthole could induce autophagy in HeLa cells and its mechanism may be related to ROS production and PINK1/Parkin pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1001-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of hypotension within 72 hours after birth in extremely preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data of extremely preterm infants admitted to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2019 to April 2022. Based on the presence of hypotension within 72 hours after birth, the eligible infants were divided into a hypotension group (41 cases) and a normotension group (82 cases). The clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters within 72 hours after birth, and early complications were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors for hypotension within 72 hours after birth, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of relevant indicators for the occurrence of hypotension within 72 hours after birth in the preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of infants who required medication or surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), the proportions of infants with intraventricular hemorrhage ≥ grade III and severe pulmonary hemorrhage, and the mortality rate within 7 days in the hypotension group were significantly higher than those in the normotension group (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower birth weight, larger PDA diameter, and hemodynamically significant PDA were risk factors for the occurrence of hypotension within 72 hours after birth in extremely preterm infants (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the combination of birth weight, PDA diameter, and hemodynamically significant PDA had an area under the curve of 0.873 (95%CI: 0.802-0.944, P<0.05) for predicting hypotension within 72 hours after birth, with a sensitivity of 73.2% and specificity of 91.5%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hypotension within 72 hours after birth is closely related to birth weight and PDA, and increases the risk of early severe complications and mortality in extremely preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Extremely Premature , Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/surgery , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Prognosis , Hypotension/etiology , Risk Factors
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4060-4071, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008601

ABSTRACT

Neurodegenerative diseases are a collective term for a large group of diseases caused by degenerative changes in nerve cells. Aging is the main risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases. The neurovascular unit(NVU) is the smallest functional unit of the brain, which regulates brain blood flow and maintains brain homeostasis. Accelerated aging of NVU cells directly impairs NVU function and leads to the occurrence of various neurodegenerative diseases. The intrinsic mechanisms of NVU cell aging are complex and involve oxidative stress damage, loss of protein homeostasis, DNA damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, immune inflammatory response, and impaired cellular autophagy. In recent years, studies have found that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can inhibit NVU aging through multiple pathways and targets, exerting a brain-protective effect. Therefore, this article aimed to provide a theoretical basis for further research on TCM inhibition of NVU cell aging and references for new drug development and clinical applications by reviewing its mechanisms of anti-aging, such as regulating relevant proteins, improving mitochondrial dysfunction, reducing DNA damage, lowering inflammatory response, antioxidant stress, and modulating cellular autophagy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neurodegenerative Diseases/drug therapy , Brain , Aging , Neurons , Blood-Brain Barrier
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1635-1638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and the short-term efficacy of venetoclax combined with azacitidine followed by cladribine (VAC regimen) in children with refractory/ relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data, treatment outcomes, complications, and blood product consumption of 6 children with refractory/relapsed AML treated with VAC regimen in the Children's Hospital of Soochow University from August 2021 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 6 children, there were 1 male and 5 females. 5 cases were refractory AML, and 1 case was relapsed AML, which recurred again 16 months after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 4 children were accompanied by chromosomes or genes that predicted poor prognosis, such as RUNX1, FLT3-ITD, KMT2A exon 2-exon 8 dup, MLL-AF6, 7q-, KMT2A exon 2-exon 10 dup, etc. After received VAC regimen, 4 cases achieved CR+CRi, 1 case achieved PR (only MRD did not relieve, MRD was 0.59%), and 1 case was NR (but the proportion of bone marrow blasts decreased). All 6 patients had grade Ⅳ neutropenia, and 4 patients had grade Ⅳ thrombocytopenia. During the period of neutropenia, none of the 6 children developed symptoms of infection such as fever, cough, and diarrhea. No treatment-related death occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#Venetoclax combined with azacitidine followed by cladribine provides a new treatment option for patients with relapsed/refractory AML who have poor efficacy in early induction remission theragy, showing good efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Neutropenia , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970185

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the surgical outcome of robotic thyroidectomy through transoral approach and the bilateral breast-axillary approach. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of patients who performed transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT group) or bilateral breast-axillary approach (BABA group) in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from July 2020 to May 2022. Both groups received lobectomy with lymph node dissection of the central region. A total of 100 cases were included in the study, including 48 cases in the TORT group and 52 cases in the BABA group. The propensity score matching method was used for 1∶1 matching of patients between the 2 groups, with a match tolerance of 0.03. There were 31 patients in each group successfully matched. In the TORT group, there were 5 males and 26 females, aged (33.2±7.9) years (range: 21 to 53 years). While there were 4 males and 27 females in the BABA group, aged (34.6±9.2) years (range: 19 to 58 years). The t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the clinical efficacy between the two groups. Results: All the patients successfully completed robotic thyroid surgery without conversion to open surgery. Compared with BABA group, the TORT group had longer operation time ((211.3±57.2) minutes vs. (126.2±37.8) minutes, t=6.915, P<0.01), shorter drainage tube retention time ((5.4±1.0) days vs. (6.4±1.2) days, t=-3.544, P=0.001), shorter total hospital stay ((6.6±1.2) days vs. (7.4±1.3) days, t=-2.353, P=0.022), and higher cosmetic score (9.46±0.25 vs. 9.27±0.26, t=2.925, P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of lymph nodes dissection, metastasis in the central compartment, and the incidence of postoperative complications (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the bilateral breast-axillary approach, the transoral vestibular approach of robotic thyroidectomy is also safe and effective. It shows similar surgical results to the bilateral breast-axillary approach in strictly selected patients, but the postoperative recovery speed is much faster, and the hospital stay is shorter. Transoral robotic thyroidectomy is a more recommended surgical method for patients with high aesthetic demand.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Axilla/pathology , Treatment Outcome
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2958-2967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981428

ABSTRACT

This study aims to optimize the parameters for stir-frying of Kansui Radix with vinegar based on the conversion of representative toxic diterpenes, which is expected to serve as a reference for the standardized production of Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar. To be specific, the toxic components [3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)-20-O-acetylingenol(3-O-EZ), kansuiphorin C(KPC)] in Kansui Radix and the products(ingenol, 20-deoxyingenol) after the stir-frying with vinegar were selected. The toxicity to intestine and water-draining activity were evaluated with NCM460(normal human colon mucosal epithelial cell line) and HT-29(a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line). An HPLC method was then developed to assess the conversion of toxic components. On this basis, temperature, time, and amount of vinegar for the processing of Kansui Radix were optimized with the Box-Behnken design and the content of ingenol and 20-deoxyingenol as evaluation index. The results showed that after the stir-frying of Kansui Radix with vinegar, 3-O-EZ and KPC were first converted to monoester 3-O-(2'E,4'Z-decadienoyl)ingenol(3-EZ) and 5-O-benzoyl-20-deoxyingenol(5-O-Ben) and finally to almost non-toxic ingenol and 20-deoxyingenol, respectively. Meanwhile, the water-draining activity was retained. Six compounds had a good linear relationship with the peak area in the corresponding concentration ranges(R~2≥0.999 8), and the average recovery fell in the range of 98.20%-102.3%(RSD≤2.4%). The content of representative diterpenes and intermediate products was 14.78%-24.67% lower in the Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar than in the Kansui Radix, while the content of the conversed products was 14.37%-71.37% higher. Among the process parameters, temperature had significant influence on the total content of products, followed by time. The optimal parameters were 210 ℃, 15 min, and 30% vinegar. The relative error between the experimental results and the predicted values was 1.68%, indicating that the process was stable and reproducible. The strategy of screening optimal parameters for stir-frying of Kansui Radix with vinegar based on the transformation of toxic components can help improve the production stability, reduce the toxicity, and ensure the efficacy of Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar, which can serve as a reference for the process optimization of similar toxic Chinese medicinals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetic Acid , Euphorbia , HT29 Cells
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2919-2924, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981423

ABSTRACT

Zearalenone(ZEN) is a toxic metabolite produced by Fusarium culmorum, F. graminearum, F. tricinctum, and other fungi, with estrogenic characteristics. Exposure to or ingestion of ZEN during pregnancy can cause reproductive dysfunction, miscarriage, stillbirth, and malformation, and seriously endanger human life and health. The detection methods for ZEN in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) are liquid chromatography(LC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS), and it is stipulated that ZEN should not exceed 500 μg in 1 000 g of Coicis Semen. Although these detection methods by instruments can achieve the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ZEN in Coicis Semen, their high detection cost and long periods hinder the rapid screening of a large number of samples in the field. In this study, the synthesized ZEN hapten was conjugated with bovine serum albumin(BSA) and ovalbumin(OVA) to obtain the complete ZEN antigen. By virtue of antibody preparation techniques, ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was prepared, which showed 177.5%, 137.1%, and 109.7% cross-reactivity with ZEN structural analogs zearalanol, zearalenone, and α-zearalenol, respectively, and no cross-reactivity with other fungal toxins such as aflatoxin. Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(dcELISA) based on ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was developed for the determination of ZEN in Coicis Semen with an IC_(50) of 1.3 μg·L~(-1) and a detection range of 0.22-21.92 μg·L~(-1). The recoveries were 83.91%-105.3% and the RSD was 4.4%-8.0%. The established dcELISA method was used to determine the ZEN residuals in nine batches of Coicis Semen samples, and the results were validated by LC-MS. The correlation between the two detection methods was found to be 0.993 9, indicating that the established dcELISA could be used for the rapid qualitative and quantitative detection of ZEN residuals in Coicis Semen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Zearalenone , Coix , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mycotoxins , Antibodies, Monoclonal
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 109-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970961

ABSTRACT

Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is one of the main complications after the Fontan procedure, manifesting mostly as liver fibrosis and even cirrhosis, with a high incidence rate and a lack of typical clinical symptoms that seriously affect patient prognosis. The specific cause is unknown, although it is considered to be associated with long-term elevated central venous pressure, impaired hepatic artery blood flow, and other relevant factors. The absence of association between laboratory tests, imaging data, and the severity of liver fibrosis makes clinical diagnosis and monitoring difficult. A liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosing and staging liver fibrosis. The most important risk factor for FALD is time following the Fontan procedure; therefore, it is recommended to do a liver biopsy 10 years after the Fontan procedure and to be cautious for the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Combined heart-liver transplantation is a recommended choice with favorable outcomes for patients with Fontan circulatory failure and severe hepatic fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Diseases/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver/pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Fontan Procedure/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 56-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970952

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) and Golgi protein 73 (GP73) in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and the dynamic changes of CHI3L1 and GP73 after HCV clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treated with direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAAs). The comparison of continuous variables of normal distribution were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and t-test. The comparison of continuous variables of non-normal distribution were statistically analyzed by rank sum test. The categorical variables were statistically analyzed by Fisher's exact test and χ(2) test. Correlation analysis was performed using Spearman correlation analysis. Methods: Data of 105 patients with CHC diagnosed from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to study the efficacy of serum CHI3L1 and GP73 for the diagnosis of cirrhosis. Friedman test was used to compare CHI3L1 and GP73 change characteristics. Results: The areas under the ROC curve for CHI3L1 and GP73 in the diagnosis of cirrhosis at baseline were 0.939 and 0.839, respectively. Serum levels of CHI3L1 and GP73 in the DAAs group decreased significantly at the end of treatment compared with baseline [123.79 (60.25, 178.80) ng/ml vs. 118.20 (47.68, 151.36) ng/ml, P = 0.001; 105.73 (85.05, 130.69) ng/ml vs. 95.52 (69.52, 118.97) ng/ml, P = 0.001]. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 in the pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin (PR) group were significantly lower at the end of 24 weeks of treatment than the baseline [89.15 (39.15, 149.74) ng/ml vs. 69.98 (20.52, 71.96) ng/ml, P < 0.05; 85.07 (60.07, 121) ng/ml vs. 54.17 (29.17, 78.65) ng/ml, P < 0.05]. Conclusion: CHI3L1 and GP73 are sensitive serological markers that can be used to monitor the fibrosis prognosis in CHC patients during treatment and after obtaining a sustained virological response. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 levels in the DAAs group decreased earlier than those in the PR group, and the serum CHI3L1 levels in the untreated group increased compared with the baseline at about two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Fibrosis , Biomarkers
18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 136-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970727

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of nuclear medicine, the number of nuclear medical staff has increased a lot in the past few years in China. Close-range operations, such as preparation and injections of radiopharmaceuticals, are usually carried out in nuclear medicine department. And the use of unsealed radionuclides may also create internal exposure risk. So, occupational exposure of nuclear medical staff is a main issue of occupational health management in China. In this paper, the occupational exposure level and requirements for radiation protection of nuclear medical staff are introduced to provide references for the related work that radiological health technical institutions carry out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiation Protection , China , Medical Staff , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Occupational Health
19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 374-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985935

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigated the safety and efficacy of treating patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and elevated levels of N-terminal pro-hormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with levosimendan within 24 hours of first medical contact (FMC). Methods: This multicenter, open-label, block-randomized controlled trial (NCT03189901) investigated the safety and efficacy of levosimendan as an early management strategy of acute heart failure (EMS-AHF) for patients with NSTEMI and high NT-proBNP levels. This study included 255 patients with NSTEMI and elevated NT-proBNP levels, including 142 males and 113 females with a median age of 65 (58-70) years, and were admitted in the emergency or outpatient departments at 14 medical centers in China between October 2017 and October 2021. The patients were randomly divided into a levosimendan group (n=129) and a control group (n=126). The primary outcome measure was NT-proBNP levels on day 3 of treatment and changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline on day 5 after randomization. The secondary outcome measures included the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in NT-proBNP levels from baseline, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during hospitalization and at 6 months after hospitalization, safety during the treatment, and health economics indices. The measurement data parameters between groups were compared using the t-test or the non-parametric test. The count data parameters were compared between groups using the χ² test. Results: On day 3, the NT-proBNP levels in the levosimendan group were lower than the control group but were statistically insignificant [866 (455, 1 960) vs. 1 118 (459, 2 417) ng/L, Z=-1.25,P=0.21]. However, on day 5, changes in the NT-proBNP levels from baseline in the levosimendan group were significantly higher than the control group [67.6% (33.8%,82.5%)vs.54.8% (7.3%,77.9%), Z=-2.14, P=0.03]. There were no significant differences in the proportion of patients with more than 30% reduction in the NT-proBNP levels on day 5 between the levosimendan and the control groups [77.5% (100/129) vs. 69.0% (87/126), χ²=2.34, P=0.13]. Furthermore, incidences of MACE did not show any significant differences between the two groups during hospitalization [4.7% (6/129) vs. 7.1% (9/126), χ²=0.72, P=0.40] and at 6 months [14.7% (19/129) vs. 12.7% (16/126), χ²=0.22, P=0.64]. Four cardiac deaths were reported in the control group during hospitalization [0 (0/129) vs. 3.2% (4/126), P=0.06]. However, 6-month survival rates were comparable between the two groups (log-rank test, P=0.18). Moreover, adverse events or serious adverse events such as shock, ventricular fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia were not reported in both the groups during levosimendan treatment (days 0-1). The total cost of hospitalization [34 591.00(15 527.46,59 324.80) vs. 37 144.65(16 066.90,63 919.00)yuan, Z=-0.26, P=0.80] and the total length of hospitalization [9 (8, 12) vs. 10 (7, 13) days, Z=0.72, P=0.72] were lower for patients in the levosimendan group compared to those in the control group, but did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Early administration of levosimendan reduced NT-proBNP levels in NSTEMI patients with elevated NT-proBNP and did not increase the total cost and length of hospitalization, but did not significantly improve MACE during hospitalization or at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Simendan/therapeutic use , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Peptide Fragments , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Biomarkers , Prognosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1119-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985642

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of revaccination of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in elderly people aged ≥60 years. Methods: The elderly aged ≥60 years with 1 dose of PPV23 vaccination were selected as revaccination group and those without history of pneumococcal vaccine immunization were selected as the first vaccination group. One dose of PPV23 was administered to both groups, and the first blood samples were collected before vaccination while the second blood samples were collected on day 28-40 after vaccination. ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of anti-specific serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae podocyte polysaccharide immunoglobulin G, and the safety of the vaccination was evaluated after 30 days. Results: The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody to 23 serotypes before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) was higher in revaccination group than in the first vaccination group (0.39-7.53 μg/ml), the GMC after the vaccination (1.42-31.65 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) in the revaccination group, and the GMC after the vaccination (1.62-43.76 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.39-7.53 μg/ml) in the first vaccination group; the geometric mean growth multiple in revaccination group (2.16-3.60) was lower than that in the first vaccination group (3.86-16.13); The mean 2-fold antibody growth rate was lower in revaccination group (53.68%, 95%CI: 52.30%-55.06%) than in the first vaccination group (93.16%, 95%CI: 92.18%- 94.15%), all differences were significant (P<0.001). After the vaccination, 13 serotypes of GMC were higher in the first vaccination group than in revaccination group (P<0.001), the differences were not significant for 10 serotypes of GMC (P>0.05). The incidence of local adverse reaction was 19.20% and 13.27% in revaccination group and the first vaccination group, respectively (P=0.174). Conclusions: The antibody level in ≥60 years people who received one dose of PPV23 after a 5-year interval was still higher than that in unvaccinated people. The antibody level decreased after 5 years of the first vaccination, and the antibody level could be rapidly increased by one more dose vaccination, but the overall immune response was lower than that of the first vaccination; revaccination with PPV23 has a good safety.

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