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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1-5, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013595

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive and fatal disease. The dysfunction of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) is one of its important pathogenic factors. PAECs are monolayer flat epithelial cells, which play an important role in maintaining pulmonary vascular homeostasis. Studies have found that PAECs show damage and apoptosis at the early stage of PH development, while PAECs show anti-apoptotic characteristics at the late stage of PH development. The transition of PAECs into mesenchymal cells induced by hypoxic and inflammatory factors is also involved in the pathogenesis of PH. Carcinoid metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction, bone mor- phogenic type 2 receptor mutation, epigenetic changes and inflammation of PAECs are the main pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction in PH patients. New therapeutic measures targeting PAECs dysfunction are expected to play an important role in the treatment of PH in the future.

2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 18-26, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009495

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The incidence of heatstroke (HS) is not particularly high; however, once it occurs, the consequences are serious. It is reported that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is protective against brain injury in HS rats, but detailed molecular mechanisms need to be further investigated. In this study, we further explored whether CGRP inhibited neuronal apoptosis in HS rats via protein kinase A (PKA)/p-cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) pathway.@*METHODS@#We established a HS rat model in a pre-warmed artificial climate chamber with a temperature of (35.5 ± 0.5) °C and a relative humidity of 60% ± 5%. Heatstress was stopped once core body temperature reaches above 41 °C. A total of 25 rats were randomly divided into 5 groups with 5 animals each: control group, HS group, HS+CGRP group, HS+CGRP antagonist (CGRP8-37) group, and HS+CGRP+PKA/p-CREB pathway blocker (H89) group. A bolus injection of CGRP was administered to each rat in HS+CGRP group, CGRP8-37 (antagonist of CGRP) in HS+CGRP8-37 group, and CGRP with H89 in HS+CGRP+H89 group. Electroencephalograms were recorded and the serum concentration of S100B, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), neuron apoptosis, activated caspase-3 and CGRP expression, as well as pathological morphology of brain tissue were detected at 2 h, 6 h, and 24 h after HS in vivo. The expression of PKA, p-CREB, and Bcl-2 in rat neurons were also detected at 2 h after HS in vitro. Exogenous CGRP, CGRP8-37, or H89 were used to determine whether CGRP plays a protective role in brain injury via PKA/p-CREB pathway. The unpaired t-test was used between the 2 samples, and the mean ± SD was used for multiple samples. Double-tailed p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Electroencephalogram showed significant alteration of θ (54.50 ± 11.51 vs. 31.30 ± 8.71, F = 6.790, p = 0.005) and α wave (16.60 ± 3.21 vs. 35.40 ± 11.28, F = 4.549, p = 0.020) in HS group compared to the control group 2 h after HS. The results of triphosphate gap terminal labeling (TUNEL) showed that the neuronal apoptosis of HS rats was increased in the cortex (9.67 ± 3.16 vs. 1.80 ± 1.10, F = 11.002, p = 0.001) and hippocampus (15.73 ± 8.92 vs. 2.00 ± 1.00, F = 4.089, p = 0.028), the expression of activated caspase-3 was increased in the cortex (61.76 ± 25.13 vs. 19.57 ± 17.88, F = 5.695, p = 0.009) and hippocampus (58.60 ± 23.30 vs. 17.80 ± 17.62, F = 4.628, p = 0.019); meanwhile the expression of serum NSE (5.77 ± 1.78 vs. 2.35 ± 0.56, F = 5.174, p = 0.013) and S100B (2.86 ± 0.69 vs. 1.35 ± 0.34, F = 10.982, p = 0.001) were increased significantly under HS. Exogenous CGRP decreased the concentrations of NSE and S100B, and activated the expression of caspase-3 (0.41 ± 0.09 vs. 0.23 ± 0.04, F = 32.387, p < 0.001) under HS; while CGRP8-37 increased NSE (3.99 ± 0.47 vs. 2.40 ± 0.50, F = 11.991, p = 0.000) and S100B (2.19 ± 0.43 vs. 1.42 ± 0.30, F = 4.078, p = 0.025), and activated the expression caspase-3 (0.79 ± 0.10 vs. 0.23 ± 0.04, F = 32.387, p < 0.001). For the cell experiment, CGRP increased Bcl-2 (2.01 ± 0.73 vs. 2.15 ± 0.74, F = 8.993, p < 0.001), PKA (0.88 ± 0.08 vs. 0.37 ± 0.14, F = 20.370, p < 0.001), and p-CREB (0.87 ± 0.13 vs. 0.29 ± 0.10, F = 16.759, p < 0.001) levels; while H89, a blocker of the PKA/p-CREB pathway reversed the expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CGRP can protect against HS-induced neuron apoptosis via PKA/p-CREB pathway and reduce activation of caspase-3 by regulating Bcl-2. Thus CGRP may be a new target for the treatment of brain injury in HS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries/pathology , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Isoquinolines , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfonamides , Heat Stroke/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 297-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between AluYb8 insertion in the MUTYH gene and the risk of decreased left ventricular diastolic function in the elderly.Methods:In the retrospective analysis, 498 elderly patients with decreased left ventricular diastolic function(the disease group)and 155 people without left ventricular diastolic function(the control group)were recruited.Polymerase chain reaction was employed to analyze the genotype distribution of AluYb8 insertion in MUTYH gene.Cardiac function was measured by high-resolution color Doppler ultrasound.Results:The frequencies of the A/A, A/P and P/P genotypes were 30.1%(150/498), 48.4%(241/498)and 21.5%(107/498)in patients with decreased left ventricular diastolic function, and 27.7%(43/155), 54.8%(85/155)and 17.5%(27/155)in the control group, respectively.There were no significant differences in genotype( χ2=2.162, P=0.339)and allele frequency( χ2=1.342, P=0.794)between the two groups.Further analysis after stratification revealed that there were statistically significant differences in genotype( χ2=7.173, P=0.028)and allele frequency( χ2=8.352, P=0.015). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that, in elderly patients with diabetes, P-allele carriers had a higher risk of decreased left ventricular diastolic function than non-carriers( OR=3.450, 95% CI: 1.148-10.372, P=0.027). Conclusions:AluYb8 insertion in the MUTYH gene may be associated with the risk of decreased left ventricular diastolic function in the elderly with diabetes.

4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 399-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981282

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genetic subtypes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the prevalence of pretreatment drug resistance in the newly reported HIV-infected men in Guangxi. Methods The stratified random sampling method was employed to select the newly reported HIV-infected men aged≥50 years old in 14 cities of Guangxi from January to June in 2020.The pol gene of HIV-1 was amplified by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and then sequenced.The mutation sites associated with drug resistance and the degree of drug resistance were then analyzed. Results A total of 615 HIV-infected men were included in the study.The genetic subtypes of CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC accounted for 57.4% (353/615),17.1% (105/615),and 22.4% (138/615),respectively.The mutations associated with the resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI),non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI),and protease inhibitors occurred in 8 (1.3%),18 (2.9%),and 0 patients,respectively.M184V (0.7%) and K103N (1.8%) were the mutations with the highest occurrence rates for the resistance to NRTIs and NNRTIs,respectively.Twenty-two (3.6%) patients were resistant to at least one type of inhibitors.Specifically,4 (0.7%),14 (2.3%),4 (0.7%),and 0 patients were resistant to NRTIs,NNRTIs,both NRTIs and NNRTIs,and protease inhibitors,respectively.The pretreatment resistance to NNRTIs had much higher frequency than that to NRTIs (2.9% vs.1.3%;χ2=3.929,P=0.047).The prevalence of pretreatment resistance to lamivudine,zidovudine,tenofovir,abacavir,rilpivirine,efavirenz,nevirapine,and lopinavir/ritonavir was 0.8%, 0.3%, 0.7%, 1.0%, 1.3%, 2.8%, 2.9%, and 0, respectively. Conclusions CRF01_AE,CRF07_BC,and CRF08_BC are the three major strains of HIV-infected men≥50 years old newly reported in Guangxi,2020,and the pretreatment drug resistance demonstrates low prevalence.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , China/epidemiology , Mutation , HIV-1/genetics , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Genotype
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1-4, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of abnormal blood pressure circadian rhythms and the morning surge on aortic stiffness in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension(ISH).Methods:A total of 300 untreated elderly(≥60 years)patients with ISH were enrolled.24-hour ambulatory blood pressure was measured by using a non-invasive portable ambulatory sphygmomanometer with an inflatable cuff.Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(baPWV)and the ankle-brachial pressure index(ABI)were measured by using an automated device.Patients were divided into the dipper(n=95), no-dipper(n=177)and extreme dipper(n=28)groups according to the rate of nocturnal blood pressure reduction.They were also divided into the morning surge(n=88)and no morning surge(n=212)groups according to the morning blood pressure surge(MBPS). Differences between the groups were compared.Correlations between the parameters were calculated by partial correlation analyses.The effects on baPWV and ABI were calculated by multiple linear regression analyses.Results:baPWV was higher in the extreme dipper group than in the dipper and no dipper groups[(1 402±234)cm/s vs.(1 467±114)cm/s vs.(1 538±140)cm/s, P<0.01], while ABI values were lower in the extreme dipper group than in the dipper group(0.98±0.10 vs.1.05±0.12, P<0.01)and the no dipper group(0.98±0.10 vs.1.03±0.12, P<0.05). Moreover, baPWV[(1 508±170)cm/s vs.(1 430±163)cm/s, P<0.01]was higher while ABI values(0.98±0.13 vs.1.06±0.11, P<0.01)were lower in the morning surge group than in the no morning surge group.baPWV was positively correlated with daytime Systolic blood pressure(dSBP)( r=0.169, P<0.01), 24 hSBPCV( r=0.143, P<0.05), and MBPS( r=0.157, P<0.01), while ABI was negatively correlated with dSBP( r=-0.146, P=0.011)and MBPS( r=-0.321, P<0.01). Age( P<0.01), dSBP( P<0.05)and 24 h systolic blood pressure variation coefficient( P<0.05)were independent factors for baPWV, while dSBP and MBPS were independent factors for ABI(all P<0.01). Conclusions:Abnormal blood pressure circadian rhythms and the morning surge are associated with increased aortic stiffness in elderly patients with ISH.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 817-821, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between non-thyroid illness syndrome(NTIS)and pre-sarcopenia in the elderly.Methods:In the retrospective study, a total of 219 patients aged 60-85 years in Department of Geriatrics, Sir Run Run Hospital, Nanjing Medical University from April 2018 to March 2021, included 60 patients with NTIS and 159 patients without NTIS.Clinical data, laboratory results and body composition data were collected.Pre-sarcopenia was diagnosed based on human composition determination data and diagnostic criteria of pre-sarcopenia.Logistic regression analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis and the area under receiver operator characteristic curve(ROC)were used to explore the correlation between serum thyroid hormone levels and diagnostic data level of pre-sarcopenia.Results:Of 54 pre-sarcopenia patients, 30.3%(36/119)were male, 18.0%(18/100)were female with statistically significantly differences( P<0.01). Mean age was higher in both male and female patients in the NTIS group than in the non-NTIS group( P<0.01). The body mass index, levels of triiodothyronine(T3), free triiodothyronine(FT3), hemoglobin, and albumin were lower in NTIS group than in non-NTIS group( P<0.05). The prevalence of presarcopenia in female patients was higher in the NTIS group than in the non-NTIS group[42.9%(10/17) vs.10.6%(8/83), χ2=9.564, P<0.01]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of pre-morbidity of sarcopenia was significantly higher in NTIS patients than in non-NTIS patients.FT3 was positively correlated with skeletal muscle mass index, fat-free body weight, and phase angle, and negatively correlated with visceral fat area( r=-0.17, P<0.05). While, free thyroxine(FT4)was negatively correlated with skeletal muscle mass index( r=-0.21), fat-free body weight( r=-0.16)and phase Angle( r=-0.2, P<0.01 or P<0.05), and was positively correlated with body fat percentage and visceral fat area( r=0.20 and 0.22, respectively, P<0.01). The use of area under ROC curve(AUC)of FT3 predicting sarcopenia stage showed that the AUC was 0.768(95% CI: 0.691~0.844). Conclusions:In elderly patients, NTIS is correlated with the pre-sarcopenia in the elderly, and FT3 and FT4 are related to muscle mass.The low level of FT3 can predict the pre-validation of pre-sarcopenia.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 277-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922906

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a kind of disease characterized by progressive increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and occlusive vascular remodeling. Hypoxic inductive factor-2α (HIF-2α) plays an important role in the abnormal proliferation of pulmonary vascular cells and pulmonary vascular remodeling. This review focuses on the role of HIF-2α in pulmonary hypertension at the cellular and the global level, and candidates targeting HIF-2α for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, in order to better understand the pathogenesis of PH and find effective treatments.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 557-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922886

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension is a rapidly progressing disease of the lung vasculature with poor prognosis, ultimately leading to right heart failure and death. The remodeling of small pulmonary arteries represents an important pathological characteristic of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) located in the middle layer of pulmonary artery exhibit hyperproliferation and resistance to apoptosis, which is the main initiator of pulmonary vascular remodeling and similar to that seen in tumor cells. In this review we focus on the signaling pathways that play a key role in PASMCs proliferation and the latest research progress on inhibitors targeting cell proliferation pathways to provide a new perspective for the treatment of PH.

9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936258

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in the treatment of lingual thyroglossal duct cyst (LTGDC). Methods: The clinical data of 10 patients with LTGDC treated with TORS in Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from May 2017 to November 2020 were analyzed retrospectively,including 6 males and 4 females, aged 5-44 years. The cysts were fully exposed, and resection usually started from the cephalic side of lesions. The range of resection was 3 to 5 mm away from the lesions, and partial hyoid bone was removed if necessary. Intra-operative robotic set-up time,operation time and estimated blood loss,and post-operative local bleeding, dyspnea and recovery time for oral intake were analyzed. SPSS 12.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The cysts in all 10 patients were successfully resected by TORS with da Vinci Si surgical system. The mean robotic set-up and exposure time, operation time, estimated intraoperative blood loss and recovery time for oral intake were (15.5±7.1) min, (17.6±7.4) min, (8.9±6.4)ml and (2.3±2.2)days, respectively. No patient required tracheostomy intra-or post-operatively, and no symptoms of airway obstruction, postoperative bleeding, pharyngeal fistula, hoarseness and neurological impairment occurred after operation. The patients were followed up for 5 to 47 months, with median follow-up time of 17 months, and no recurrence was observed. Conclusion: TORS is safe and feasible for resection of LTGDC, with rapid recovery and low recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Thyroglossal Cyst/surgery , Tongue/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 743-748, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Growth and Development , HIV , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Mothers , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 467-471, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between CD133 expression and clinicopathological features in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients, and the impact of CD133 on prognosis in these patients.Methods:Data of 70 patients who received surgical treatment in our center from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2012 were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of CD133. Patients were divided into two groups according to CD133 expression. Univariate analysis, Cox and Logistic regression multivariate analysis were used in order to investigate the correlation between CD133 expression and clinicopathological features. Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank analysis were used to evaluate DFS (disease-free survival) and OS (overall survival) .Results:CD133 was expressed in cytomembrane and cytoplasm with expression rate of 95.71% (67/70) . Of which, 64.29% (45/70) of patients were low CD133 expression and 35.71% (25/70) were high expression. High CD133 expression was significantly correlated with younger age (≤50) ( P=0.007) and larger tumor size (>2 cm) ( P=0.020) . Tumor size ( P=0.035) , axillary status ( P=0.001) , Ki67 ( P=0.005) and CD133 expression ( P=0.014) were independent predictors of recurrence and metastasis in TNBC patients. Axillary status was independent predictor of death event ( P=0.008) . Increased CD133 was associated with poor prognosis. Compared with high expression, patients with low CD133 expression had better DFS ( P=0.002) and OS ( P=0.088) , while OS did not reach significant difference. Conclusion:CD133 expression was correlated with age and tumor size in TNBC patients. High expression was associated with recurrence, metastasis and poor prognosis. Thus, CD133 may be a potential biomarker in predicting prognosis in TNBC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 242-250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906354

ABSTRACT

Vitiligo is a common pigmentary disorder characterized by localized or generalized depigmentation of the skin, resulting in milky white or light pink patches with smooth surface but no rashes.Modern medicine believes that it is closely related to immune function, oxidative stress, autoimmune destruction of melanocytes, heredity, and neurochemical factors, but the specific pathogenesis is still unclear.Due to the easy diagnosis but hard management and the high recurrence rate, vitiligo has seriously affected the quality of life and mental health of patients.At present, it is mainly treated with glucocorticoids, immunomodulators, vitamin D3 derivatives, and antioxidants in western medicine, and the resulting short-term outcomes are satisfactory.However, a series of side effects may be caused by the long-term use.Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of dealing with vitiligo.Guided by the rich experience accumulated in daily practice, it exerts the preventive and therapeutic effects against vitiligo via multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways, without inducing obvious adverse reactions, which has made it widely concerned by many doctors and scholars.As the research concerning the prevention and treatment of vitiligo with TCM intensifies, more and more single Chinese medicinals, Chinese medicinal monomers, and compound prescriptions have been proved to play a therapeutic role via multiple mechanisms.After reviewing the articles on the alleviation of vitiligo with TCM published in the past five years and retrieved from the literature databases, this paper summarized the efficacy of TCM in regulating immune dysfunction, improving oxidative stress injury, protecting melanocyte function, adjusting mitochondrial structure and function, and controlling the alteration of intestinal micro-flora and abnormal microRNA (miRNA) expression, so as to clarify the pathogenesis of vitiligo and provide theoretical and scientific basis for the in-depth study and clinical application of TCM in the prevention and treatment of vitiligo.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 110-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the long-term effect of Zhenzhu Tiaozhi capsule(FTZ) on hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on real-world data. Method:T2DM patients who were provided with FTZ (FTZ group) and those receiving conventional hypoglycemic drugs (control group) were extracted from the hospital information system (HIS) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, followed by propensity score matching (PSM) for balancing the confounding factors between groups. With HbA1c as the efficacy evaluation index, the difference in efficacy between the two groups was compared using <italic>t</italic>-test and <italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup> test. For repeated measurement data of the same patient, the difference in efficacy and the stability of FTZ against HbA1c were analyzed by generalized estimating equation (GEE). The factors that might affect the efficacy of FTZ against HbA1c were subjected to multivariate linear regression analysis (MLRA), and the subgroup analyses were then conducted after the stratification of relevant factors. Result:There were 46 patients included in the FTZ group and 1 208 patients in the control group. PSM yielded 42 pairs of samples with balanced covariates between groups. As revealed by one-year observation, ① HbA1c in the FTZ group after treatment was 6.51%±1.09%. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. At the same time, the HbA1c compliance rate in the FTZ group was 73.8% after treatment. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. ② The GEE results showed that the post-treatment HbA1c levels in the two groups were not significantly different from each other. Moreover, the HbA1c level remained stable over treatment time. ③ MLRA and subgroup analyses results demonstrated that FTZ was more effective in patients with high baseline HbA1c [<italic>β</italic>=-0.530,95% confidence interval(CI) -0.850~-0.209,<italic>P</italic><0.01] or those who were complicated with hypertension (<italic>β</italic>=-0.918,95%CI -1.614~-0.222,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:In the real world, FTZ is able to control the blood sugar, and its effect is similar to those of conventional hypoglycemic drugs. Besides, it is capable of stabilizing the blood sugar for a long time.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential suitable distribution area and the high-quality distribution area of <italic>Sabia parviflora</italic>. Method:Combined with the distribution information and environmental factors,the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model and ArcGIS software were used to predict the potential suitable distribution area of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Based on the correlation between environmental factors and total saponins,total flavonoids,quercetin-3-<italic>O</italic>-gentiobioside,camellianoside,tsubakioside A,kaempferol-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside and isobariclisin-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside,the quality regionalization was conducted by using spatial interpolation method and fuzzy superposition function in ArcGIS software. Result:<italic>S. parviflora</italic> is mainly distributed in Yunnan,Guizhou,Guangxi province in China. The medium and high suitable areas accounts for about 2.88% of the national area. The precipitation in October and November,the precipitation in the warmest and driest seasons,the standard deviation of seasonal changes in temperature and altitude are the main environmental factors that affect the distribution of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Slope,precipitation,solar radiation and temperature change had great influence on the accumulation of secondary metabolites. Based on the results of potential suitable distribution and spatial interpolation of each component,the high-quality areas of <italic>S. parviflora</italic> are mainly concentrated in the southwest of Guizhou,with Qinglong,Guanling,Zhenning,Pu'an,Xingren county and other areas as the core. Conclusion:This study provides a scientific guidance for the site selection of artificial planting and the procurement of medicinal materials for <italic>S. parviflora</italic>.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869352

ABSTRACT

The population is commonly susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV), especially the elderly with comorbidities.Elderly patients infected with 2019-nCoV tend to have higher rates of severe illnesses and mortality.Immunoaging is an important cause of severe novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP)in the elderly.Due to the combination of underlying diseases, elderly patients may exhibit atypical manifestations in clinical symptoms, supplementary examinations and pulmonary imaging, deserving particular attention.The general condition of the elderly should be considered during diagnosis and treatment.In addition to routine care and measures such as oxygen therapy, antiviral therapy and respiratory support, treatment of underlying disease, nutritional support, sputum expectoration, complication prevention and psychological support should also be considered for elderly patients.Based on literature review and expert panel discussion, we drafted the Key Points for the Prevention and Treatment of the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia in the elderly, aiming to provide help with the prevention and treatment of NCP and the reduction of harm to the elderly population.

16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 109-115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799531

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience.@*Methods@#Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed.@*Results@#All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found.@*Conclusion@#With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 381-386, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and its receptor (GnRHR) expression in breast cancer.Methods:GnRH and GnRHR expression data in The Cancer Genomes Atlas (TCGA) database and its clinical information were downloaded. Statistically assessed was performed for relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognosis.Results:The expression of GnRH in breast cancer tissues was lower than that in normal breast tissue (0.42 vs 1.27, P=0.000) , and it was correlated with age ( P=0.046) , race ( P=0.000) , lymphnode status ( P=0.003) , ER ( P=0.000) , PR ( P=0.000) , and HER2 ( P=0.000) . The GnRH expression was higher in patients whose age ≤55 years, black or African American, lymphnode negative, ER negative, PR negative, and HER2 negative. Survival analysis suggested that the Overall Survival (OS) in GnRH high expression group was better than in low expression group ( P=0.018) . The expression of GnRHR in breast cancer tissues was similar to normal breast tissue (0.08 vs 0.07, P=0.778) , and it was correlated with age ( P=0.031) , race ( P=0.000) , ER ( P=0.000) , PR ( P=0.000) , and HER2 ( P=0.030) . The GnRHR expression was higher in patients whose age >55 years, white, ER positive, PR positive, and HER2 negative. There was no significant difference in OS between GnRHR high expression group and low expression group ( P=0.719) . Subgroup analysis showed that OS in GnRHR high expression group was better than in low expression group ( P=0.028) in the triple negative breast cancer subgroup, while GnRHR was not associated with OS in the non-triple negative subgroup ( P=0.976) . Conclusion:The expressions of GnRH and GnRHR are correlated with some clinicopathological parameters of breast cancer, and the prognosis of oreast cancer (especially triple negative breast cancer) . The GnRH and GnRHR signaling pathways maybe have tumor suppressor activity.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 948-953, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new mechanical model of distal humerus in children with epiphysial cartilage, stimulate supracondylar humerus fracture and perform three dimensional finite elements, and study effect of pins numbers, pin tract, outlet height and pin configurations on stability of fixation.@*METHODS@#Three dimensional computed tomography (CT) data of 6-year-old boy with distal humerus was downloaded from picture archiving and communications systems software (PACS), the data of picture was imported into Simpleware and SolidWorks 2016 software to establish distal humerus fracture in children contained ossific nucleus of the capitellum (ONC) and distal cartilage. Normal extense supracondylar humerus fracture model was established to stimulate configurations of crossed and lateral pinning fixation, 30 N was added on the direction of flexion extension and varus valgus, while 50 N was added on the direction of internal and external turning. Stability was analyzed by displacement degree of distal fracture.@*RESULTS@#Among 2-pin configurations, 2-crossed pins were more stable against rotation forces which could resist rotation stress over 2 585 Nmm/ °, while low position through ONC of 2-divergent lateral pins were more stable, which could resist stress of 45 N /mm and 190 N /mm during the test of resistant strains and varus-valgus stress. The third pins was added into the more stable lateral 2-pins, the stability in all directions were increased obviously, and 3 crossed pins is the most stable, stress of flexion-extension, varus-valgus and internal-external turning were 198 N /mm, 395 N /mm and 6 251 Nmm/ °.@*CONCLUSION@#Two-divergent lateral pins could provide enough stability for supracondylar humerus fracture in children. In two-crossed pins, the upper border of MDJ could provide the best stability. Three-crossed pins could offer the best stability against both translation and rotation forces.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Wires , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humerus
19.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 274-291, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 109-115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787616

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience. Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed. All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found. With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

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