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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of drug combined moisturizerand sunscreen with Prinsepia utilis oil and purslane in the treatment of chronic actinic dermatitis.Methods:From May 2017 to August 2018, 216 cases of chronic actinic dermatitis admitted to the Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University were divided into 4 groups. The 54 cases of control group was treated by oral administration of ebaxtin discontinued and hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets for 4 weeks. The external use of desonide cream for 2 weeks. On this basis, the 56 cases of first treatment group used topical moisturizer twice a day, and topical sunscreen once a day; only topical moisturizer was used in 54 cases of second treatment group, twice a day; the 52 cases of third treatment group only used topical sunscreen once a day. Patients were followed up at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after treatment, respectively. The eczema area and severity index were detected to evaluate curative effect, and skin lesions water, trans epidermal water loss and content of lipid in the four groups of patients; reflective confocal microscope was used to observe the inflammatory reaction, blood vessels in skin lesions and so on.Results:After 6 weeks treatment, the efficacy rate of 54 cases in the first treatment group (85.2%) was significantly higher than that of 56 cases in the second treatment group (62.5%), 54 cases in the third treatment group (64.8%), 52 cases in the control group (50.0%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Non-invasive skin test results showed that the transepidermal water loss of the three groups was 16.42±8.64, 21.59±12.34 and 19.79±11.79, respectively, which was significantly lower than that before treatment (38.76±12.59, 38.37±14.48, 39.2±13.93). and the skin water content (42.15±10.25, 35.5±12.91, 33.42±12.83) and lipid content (37.96±11.16, 31.5±8.31, 34.09±12.51), compared with the pre-treatment skin water content (21.30±11.04, 16.86±10.88, 14.73±12.00) and lipid content (13.64±10.10, 15.67±12.60, 9.42±7.75) significantly increased, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The improvement of spongiosis (0.97±0.68), disruption of honycomb pattern and (0.82±0.77) and vascular dilatation (1.03±0.73) under reflective confocal microscope was better in first treatment than that in the second treatment (1.51±0.56, 1.0±0.77, 1.31±0.68). and the third treatment (1.35±0.85, 1.35±0.85, 0.97±0.80), and the control group (1.85±0.74, 1.85±0.74, 1.53±0.61). The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared with the second treatment, the third treatment and control group, transepidermal water loss in the first treatment was significantly decreased, and epidermal water content and lipid content were significantly increased, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The efficacy of drugs combined with moisturizer and sunscreen in the treatment of chronic actinic dermatitis is significantly better than that of simple drug therapy and drugs with topical moisturizer or sunscreen. It suggests that in the treatment of chronic actinic dermatitis, it is not only necessary to be anti-inflammatory, anti-photosensitive treatment, but also need to pay attention to moisturize and sun protection.

2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 351-355, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816828

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the clinical effects of transurethral holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) combined with Jisheng Shenqi Decoction (HoLEP + JSSD) on BPH.@*METHODS@#This study included 110 BPH patients treated in our hospital from August 2017 to April 2018, who were randomly assigned to receive HoLEP (n = 55) or HoLEP + JSSD (n = 55). We compared the pre- and post-operative IPSS, quality of life (QOL) score, prostate volume, postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), average urinary flow rate (Qavg) and levels of serum T, E2 and T/E2 as well as postoperative complications between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, both IPSS and QOL score were significantly lower in the HoLEP + JSSD than in the HoLEP group (P 0.05) or the total incidence rate of complications postoperatively (21.82% vs 29.09%, P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP + JSSD can significantly alleviate the lower urinary tract symptoms as well as improve the QOL and bladder and urinary tract functions of BPH patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335779

ABSTRACT

Clinical observation on treatment of type 2 cardiac and kidney syndrome by combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The patients were divided into two groups: the simple Western medicine treatment group (control group) and the traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine treatment group (treatment group). The patients in the two groups were treated with conventional western medicine.The treatment group was given based on Buxin Yishen decoction, a total of three courses of treatment to observe the two groups of patients before and after treatment of total efficacy, cardiac function indicators, changes in renal function indicators. The total efficacy of the treatment group and the control group were 91.80% and 72.41%, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups (P<0.01). The cardiac function indexes and renal function indexes of the treatment group and the control group before and after treatment (P<0.01). Compared with the two groups, the left ventricular function, Hematuria natriuretic peptide, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, cystatin-C were improved, and the treatment group (P<0.05~0.01). The results showed that the combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment can improve the clinical efficacy of type 2 heart and kidney syndrome, significantly improve heart and kidney function, better than conventional Western medicine treatment, and has good safety.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-762, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by chronic recurrent dermatitis with profound itching. Most patients have personal and/or family history of atopic diseases. Several criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis of AD. Although the clinical features of childhood AD have been widely studied, there has been less large-scale study on adult/adolescent AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of adult/adolescent patients with chronic symmetrical eczema/AD and to propose Chinese diagnostic criteria for adult/adolescent AD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A hospital-based study was performed. Forty-two dermatological centers participated in this study. Adult and adolescent patients (12 years and over) with chronic symmetrical eczema or AD were included in this study. Questionnaires were completed by both patients and investigators. The valid questionnaires were analyzed using EpiData 3.1 and SPSS 17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2662 valid questionnaires were collected (1369 male and 1293 female). Of all 2662 patients, 2062 (77.5%) patients had the disease after 12 years old, while only 600 (22.5%) patients had the disease before 12 years old, suggesting late-onset eczema/AD is common. Two thousand one hundred and thirty-nine (80.4%) patients had the disease for more than 6 months. One thousand one hundred and forty-four (43.0%) patients had a personal and/or family history of atopic diseases. One thousand five hundred and forty-eight (58.2%) patients had an elevated total serum IgE and/or eosinophilia and/or positive allergen-specific IgE. Based on these clinical and laboratory features, we proposed Chinese criteria for adult/adolescent AD. Of all 2662 patients, 60.3% were satisfied with our criteria, while only 48.2% satisfied with Hanifin Rajka criteria and 32.7% satisfied with Williams criteria, suggesting a good sensitivity of our criteria in adult/adolescent AD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Late-onset of eczema or AD is common. The clinical manifestations of AD are heterogeneous. We have proposed Chinese diagnostic criteria for adolescent and adult AD, which are simple and sensitive for diagnosis of adult/adolescent AD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Eczema , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514101

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical features of chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) in Kunming of Yunnan Province.Methods From October 2008 to October 2013,CAD in-patients in our hospital were selected and their general conditions,outcomes of photo-sensitive test and photo-patch test were analyzed in details.Results (1) Among 169 CAD patients,gender ratio (male:female) was 8.9:1.The lesions were mainly distributed on the exposed areas.(2) Photo-sensitive tests of 93 patients showed that the average value of UVA-MPPDwas 7.39 JPcm2 and that of UVB-MED was 20.91 mJPcm2.(3) The results of photo-patch test in 83 patients showed that 48 patients (67.8%) had positive reactions in patch test,and the most common contactant was balsam peru.Fifty-eight patients (69.9%) had positive reactions in photo-patch test indicating that the most common contactant in photo-patch test was balsam peru.Conclusions CAD appears mostly in the middle aged and the aged males and the lesions are mainly distributed on exposed areas.The most common contactants in photo-patch test are balsam peru and perfumed compounds.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 395-399, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468760

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine combined with butyli flufenamatum ointment and other drugs for the treatment of polymorphous light eruption (PLE).Methods A total of 48 patients with PLE were randomly and equally classified into group 1 and group 2.Both groups took hydroxychloroquine 200 mg twice a day and loratadine 10 mg per day for the initial 4 weeks,then took hydroxychloroquine 100 mg twice a day alone for another 4 weeks.Group 1 also topically applied butyli flufenamatum ointment twice a day during the 8 weeks,while group 2 applied mometasone furoate cream twice a day for the first 2 weeks followed by butyli flufenamatum ointment twice a day for another 6 weeks.Each treatment cycle lasted 2 weeks,and both groups received 4 cycles of treatment.Patients were evaluated for the response rate at the end of each cycle,and for the total symptom score and erythema score before and after the 8-week treatment.Statistical analysis was carried out using t test,chi-square test,Fisher's exact test and repeated-measures analysis of variance with the SPSS17.0 software.Results On day 14,28,42 and 56,the total score improved in 0,3,12 and 19 patients in group 1 respectively,and in 1,4,12 and 20 patients in group 2 respectively;the erythema score improved in 1,5,13 and 18 patients in group 1 respectively,and in 0,5,11 and 17 patients in group 2 respectively.No significant difference was observed between the two groups in response rates at any of the above four time points (P > 0.05).Both the total score and erythema score significantly decreased after the 8-week treatment in both groups compared with the pretreatment scores (both P < 0.05).No serious adverse reaction was observed in either of the two groups.Conclusions Hydroxychloroquine combined with loratadine and butyli flufenamatum ointment shows high efficacy and safety for the treatment of PLE.Topical butyli flufenamatum ointment is highly effective for the treatment of PLE,especially for PLE cases mainly presenting with erythema.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14635

ABSTRACT

Taenia pisiformis is one of the most important parasites of canines and rabbits. T. pisiformis cysticercus (the larval stage) causes severe damage to rabbit breeding, which results in huge economic losses. In this study, the genetic variation of T. pisiformis was determined in Sichuan Province, China. Fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) (922 bp) gene were amplified in 53 isolates from 8 regions of T. pisiformis. Overall, 12 haplotypes were found in these 53 cytb sequences. Molecular genetic variations showed 98.4% genetic variation derived from intra-region. F(ST) and Nm values suggested that 53 isolates were not genetically differentiated and had low levels of genetic diversity. Neutrality indices of the cytb sequences showed the evolution of T. pisiformis followed a neutral mode. Phylogenetic analysis revealed no correlation between phylogeny and geographic distribution. These findings indicate that 53 isolates of T. pisiformis keep a low genetic variation, which provide useful knowledge for monitoring changes in parasite populations for future control strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Cytochromes b/genetics , Genetic Variation , Helminth Proteins/genetics , Humans , Mitochondria/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Rabbits , Taenia/classification , Taeniasis/parasitology
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 804-807, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293476

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of phenylhexyl isothiocyanate (PHI) on histone acetylation and apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (SMMC-7721) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The viability of SMMC-7721 cells was determined by trypan blue exclusion. Apoptotic cells were assessed by TUNEL assay. The proteins of Bcl-2, Procaspase-9, Procaspase-8, Procaspase-3, caspase-9, caspase-3, histone acetylated H3 and H4 were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the vehicle control, PHI at 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 µmol/L reduced the cell viability of SMMC-7721 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. PHI induced apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells. An increased amount of apoptotic cells was detected after 7 hours exposure to PHI at 10, 20, and 40 µmol/L, 6.9% ± 2.4%, 17.5% ± 4.2% and 54.5% ± 5.4%, respectively, while that of the vehicle control was 4.5% ± 2.3% (P < 0.05). Along with the prolongation of time and increase of dose, the expressions of bcl-2, procaspase-9, procaspase-3 were decreased, that of caspase-9 and caspase-3 was increased. In contrast, alteration of procaspase-8 was not significant at those concentrations. PHI accumulated acetylated histone H3 and H4. After 3 hours exposure to PHI at 10, 20 and 40 µmol/L, the level of histone acetylated H3 was 1.87-, 2.43-, 3.67-fold increased and histone acetylated H4 was 1.29-, 1.45-, and 2.25-fold increased, compared with that of the vehicle control. The protein of histone acetylated H3 and H4 was significantly accumulated after 7 hours exposure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PHI is a new histone deacetylation inhibitor. It may induce accumulation of histone acetylation H3 and H4, inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells via the mitochondrial pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylation , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Histones , Metabolism , Humans , Isothiocyanates , Pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314115

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of Safflower Yellow injection (SYI) in treating coronary heart disease angina pectoris (CHD-AP) with Xin-blood stagnation syndrome (XBSS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adopted was the multi-centered, randomized, positive parallel controlled method, 448 patients with CHD-AP-XBSS were enrolled and divided into two groups, 336 in the tested group treated with SYI and 112 in the control group treated with Salvia injection by intravenous dripping once a day for 14 days, so as to observe the conditions of angina, electrocardiogram, and therapeutic effect on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms as well as the safety of the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The significantly effective rate and total effective rate in the tested group were 60.06% (194/323) and 91.02% (294/323) respectively; Those in improvement of TCM symptoms were 40.18% (129/321) and 75.23% (243/323) respectively, which were better than those in the control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SYI Injection is effective and safe in treating CHD-AP-XBSS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Cardiovascular Agents , Chalcone , Female , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Plant Preparations , Salvia , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 278-281, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349137

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the changes in intrahepatic portal systemic shunt flow (IHSF) and their relationship with microspheres induced acute portal hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Following acute intrahepatic presinusoidal obstruction by intraportal injection of 15 microm diameter microspheres in male Wistar rats, functional hepatic blood flow (FHBF) and IHSF were determined by hepatic sorbitol uptake methods. The percentage of large shunts of diameter > 15 microm were estimated by intraportal injection of 51Cr labeled 15 mum diameter microspheres.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In normal control rats, hepatic sorbitol uptake was 97.9%+/-0.5% and IHSF was negligible, with FHBF equaling total hepatic blood flow [(2.52 +/- 0.23) ml/min x 100 g body weight-1]. Microsphere injection decreased sorbitol uptake to 12.8% +/- 4.3% and further to 4.1% +/- 0.7% when followed by hepatic arterial ligation. In the latter two groups, IHSF (1.46 +/- 0.15 and 1.16 +/- 0.19 ml/min x 100 g body weight-1, respectively) was not significantly different from portal venous flow [(1.36 +/- 0.20) and (1.20 +/- 0.20) ml/min x 100 g body weight-1, respectively; t = 2.013 and t = 2.116]. Portal venous flow remained at 70% of basal values and portal venous pressure only increased by 50% from baseline. 51Cr labeled microsphere shunt fraction through large shunts (> 15 microm) was less than 1.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intrahepatic portasystemic shunts in the normal rat liver predominantly have diameters less than 15 microm and, when activated by intraportal injection of microspheres, they divert up to 70% of portal venous blood flow away from hepatic sinusoids and thereby they reduce acute increases in portal venous pressure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatic Artery , Hepatic Veins , Hypertension, Portal , Microspheres , Portal Vein , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279179

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study emetic and anti-emetic effects of Rhizoma pinelliae in minks.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The emetic effect of raw pinellia 2 g kg(-1) (i.g.) was investigated. Three preparations of Rhizoma pinelliae (processed with ginger) were made by ethanol extraction, water extraction and water decoction respectively and their effects on emesis model induced by cisplatin (7.5 mg kg(-1), i.p.) or apomorphine (1.6 mg kg(-1), s.c.) were then studied; the effect of the decoction of ginger-processed Rhizoma pinelliae on rotation-induced emesis model in minks was also observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The emesis was induced by raw pinellia in minks (P < 0.01); ginger-processed Rhizoma pinelliae, metoclopramide and ondansetron significantly inhibit the emesis induced by cisplatin and apomorphine (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ginger-processed Rhizoma pinelliae exhibits a anti-emetic effect in minks, which may be mediated by inhibiting the function of the vomiting center in central nervous system.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiemetics , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Ginger , Hot Temperature , Male , Mink , Phytotherapy , Pinellia , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Vomiting , Drug Therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523376

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and mechanism of compound Tripterygium hypoglaucum Hutch (THH) on photoallergic contact dermatitis in mice. Methods The photoallergic animal model of BALB/c mice was established by using photosensitizer chlorpromazine and UVA irradiation. The therepeutic efficacy was determined by measuring the thickness and the weight of the swelling ear and the number of infiltrated mononuclear cells in the ear tissue. Immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the ICAM-1 expression on keratinocytes, fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells. The serum level of INF-? was measured by ELISA. The tested animals were divided into 3 groups: compound THH, THH alone and normal saline. Results The difference of the thickness of left ear before and after challenge, the differences of the thickness and the weight of ear tissue, the difference of the number of infiltrated mononuclear cells of left and right ear after challenge were significantly less in the compound THH group than those in the THH alone group (P

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 434-435, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238004

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the effect of the maximal androgen blockade(MAB) and MAB combined with 125I brachytherapy on prostatic cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-four patients with prostatic cancer (from 1993 to 2002), 28 at pathologic stage C and 16 at stage D, were analyzed retrospectively. Thirty-five of them were treated by bilateral orchidectomy and anti-androgen drugs, i.e. MAB, and 9 treated by MAB combined with 125I brachytherapy. The survival rates and the variation of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels between pre- and post-treatment were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of PSA decreased from 60.3 micrograms/L to 12.1 micrograms/L in 35 patients treated by MAB, and from 72.1 micrograms/L to 3.6 micrograms/L in 9 patients treated by MAB combined with 125I brachytherapy after 6 months. The post-treatment survival rates were 81.3% (26/32, excluding 3 deaths by other diseases) for patients treated by MAB after a mean follow-up of 39.2 (9-84) months and 100% for patients by MAB combined with 125I brachytherapy after a mean follow-up of 13(7-24) months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MAB and MAB combined with 125I brachytherapy are effective for patients with prostatic cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Androgen Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Brachytherapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Iodine Radioisotopes , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms , Mortality , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
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