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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 1-10, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009507

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) is an important immunosuppressive molecule, which inhibits the function of T cells and other immune cells by binding to the receptor programmed cell death-1. The PD-L1 expression disorder plays an important role in the occurrence, development, and treatment of sepsis or other inflammatory diseases, and has become an important target for the treatment of these diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a kind of pluripotent stem cells with multiple differentiation potential. In recent years, MSCs have been found to have a strong immunosuppressive ability and are used to treat various inflammatory insults caused by hyperimmune diseases. Moreover, PD-L1 is deeply involved in the immunosuppressive events of MSCs and plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases. In this review, we will summarize the main regulatory mechanism of PD-L1 expression, and discuss various biological functions of PD-L1 in the immune regulation of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Immunomodulation
2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1223-1226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006476

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) of close contacts in schools of Xuhui District, and to explore the tuberculin skin test (TST)- interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) two-step method in order to discover the screening strategy of tuberculosis in Xuhui District. MethodsClose contacts of tuberculosis in schools of Xuhui District from 2020 to 2022 were selected as research subjects. Screening was conducted using symptom questionnaire, TST, chest X-rays, IGRA, and the information including the etiological results and grade of the index cases, as well as gender, age, and relationship with the index cases of the research subjects were collected. ResultsTotally 615 close contacts of 32 tuberculosis cases occurred in the schools were finally included. Of the 609 close contacts who completed tuberculosis infection screening and underwent TST testing, 153 TST(+) individuals underwent IGRA testing. The final LTBI rate was 4.6%, and the pulmonary tuberculosis detection rate was 163 per 100 000. The relationship with the index cases was an influencing factor for LTBI. The IGRA positivity rate was higher among close contacts with TST ≥15 mm than among those with 10 mm≤ TST <15 mm (χ2=14.41, P<0.05). ConclusionThe latent tuberculosis infection among close contacts of school tuberculosis cases in Xuhui District remains serious. TST-IGRA two-step method can assist in the accurate diagnosis of LTBI and pulmonary tuberculosis cases.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3162-3168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981452

ABSTRACT

The pharmaceutical manufacturing model is gradually changing from intermittent manufacturing to continuous manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing. This paper briefly reviewed the supervision and research progress in continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing in China and abroad and described the definition and advantages of continuous pharmaceutical manufacturing. The continuous manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) at the current stage was summarized in the following three terms: the enhancement of the continuity of intermittent manufacturing operations, the integration of continuous equipment to improve physical continuity between units, and the application of advanced process control strategies to improve process continuity. To achieve continuous manufacturing of TCM, the corresponding key technologies, such as material property characterization, process modeling and simulation, process analysis technology, and system integration, were analyzed from the process and equipment, respectively. It was proposed that the continuous manufacturing equipment system should have the characteristics of high speed, high response, and high reliability, "three high(H~3)" for short. Considering the characteristics and current situation of TCM manufacturing, based on the two dimensions of product quality control and production efficiency, a maturity assessment model for continuous manufacturing of TCM, consisting of operation continuity, equipment continuity, process continuity, and quality control continuity, was proposed to provide references for the application of continuous manufacturing technology for TCM. The implementation of continuous manufacturing or the application of key continuous manufacturing technologies in TCM can help to systematically integrate advanced pharmaceutical technology elements and promote the uniformity of TCM quality and the improvement of production efficiency.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , China , Quality Control , Pharmaceutical Preparations
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 1136-1151, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Exosomal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are the key to diagnosing and treating various diseases. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of plasma exosomal lncRNAs in white matter hyperintensities (WMH).@*METHODS@#We used high-throughput sequencing to determine the differential expression (DE) profiles of lncRNAs in plasma exosomes from WMH patients and controls. The sequencing results were verified in a validation cohort using qRT-PCR. The diagnostic potential of candidate exosomal lncRNAs was proven by binary logistic analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The diagnostic value of DE exo-lncRNAs was determined by the area under the curve (AUC). The WMH group was then divided into subgroups according to the Fazekas scale and white matter lesion site, and the correlation of DE exo-lncRNAs in the subgroup was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In our results, four DE exo-lncRNAs were identified, and ROC curve analysis revealed that exo-lnc_011797 and exo-lnc_004326 exhibited diagnostic efficacy for WMH. Furthermore, WMH subgroup analysis showed exo-lnc_011797 expression was significantly increased in Fazekas 3 patients and was significantly elevated in patients with paraventricular matter hyperintensities.@*CONCLUSION@#Plasma exosomal lncRNAs have potential diagnostic value in WMH. Moreover, exo-lnc_011797 is considered to be a predictor of the severity and location of WMH.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , White Matter , Area Under Curve , Exosomes/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1180-1183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007463

ABSTRACT

Ashi points play a significant role in the clinical localization and qualitative diagnosis of acupuncture, as well as in selecting acupoints along the meridians and applying tonifying or reducing techniques. This paper introduces the theoretical basis and existing technical methods of objectification of ashi point diagnosis and treatment. It proposes that using sensory quantitative testing to determine the temperature and tenderness thresholds of ashi points could help to identify the pathological characteristics of "cold" "heat" "deficiency" or "excess" of ashi points. In addition, the possibility of objectification of ashi point diagnosis-treatment plan is explored from three perspectives, precision of selection of ashi point therapy, objectification of effect evaluation of ashi point analgesia, and differentiation of the studies on ashi point analgesic mechanism, aiming to provide new research ideas for the modernization of traditional Chinese acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture , Analgesia
6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 501-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984560

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a sustained-release membrane with longer adhesion time and dissolution time, and compare it with the commercially available oral ulcer membrane. Method Adhesion strength, adhesion time, swelling coefficient, dissolution time, etc. were used as the inspection indicators, and a combination of single factor inspection and analytic hierarchy process were used to screen the membrane -forming materials. The dispersion method of clotrimazole, ornidazole and borneol were investigated to prevent the drug from seed out. The method of combining orthogonal experiment and analytic hierarchy process were used to optimize the dosage of CMC-Na, PVA-1788 and glycerin; and the commercial products were compared. Results Through single-factor investigation and orthogonal experiment, the optimal ratio of excipients was selected as CMC-Na∶PVA-1788∶glycerol (3∶1∶0.08). The water-insoluble component clotrimazole, ornidazole and borneol were treated by precipitation in liquid with good effect. The best method was used to prepare the membrane. The adhesion strength was 102 g. The adhesion time was 55 min. The swelling coefficient was 1 939.52. The average dissolution time was 110 min. The appearance was white and the surface was free of bubbles, soft and elastic. The membrane forming time at 60 ℃ was 300 min and the demolding effect was better which could be completely peeled off with moderate thickness. Conclusion The oral ulcer membrane developed in this method has good appearance, comfortable use, strong adhesion, long adhesion time and dissolution time, and could stay on the ulcer surface for a long time to form physical isolation, and slowly release the drug during the dissolution process, which could play the role of long-term pain relief, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and promote healing effects on oral ulcers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1133-1142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015635

ABSTRACT

The FRUITFULL (FUL) gene belongs to the AP1/ FUL subfamily of the plant MADS-box family and has functions in regulating flowering time, floral meristem differentiation and fruit development. PfFUL gene sequence was derived from the perilla transcriptome data, and the basic physicochemical properties of PfFUL were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. Evolutionary relationships of PfFUL with other species of FUL were analyzed by phylogenetic tree. Plant expression vector 35S::PfFUL was constructed and used to transform wild type Col-0 and mutant ful-7 Arabidopsis to obtain overexpression 35S::PfFUL/ Col-0 and complemented mutation 35S::PfFUL / ful-7 plants respectively. Comparative phenotypic analysis was performed to preliminarily clarify the function of PfFUL gene in plant flowering and fruit development. The functions of the PfFUL gene during flowering and angular fruit development of the plants were initially clarified. The CDS of PfFUL gene is 738 bp and encodes 245 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree showed that the perilla PfFUL was closely related to Solanum lycopersicum, Salvia splendens and Salvia hispanica, but far related to Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana tabacum and Vitis vinifera. Compared to Col-0 and ful-7, the transgenic plants showed early flowering (P0. 05), and the amount of wrinkled seed was significantly reduced (P<0. 01). In addition, phenotypic observations revealed that the transgenic plants also exhibited increased internode length and narrowed and curled cauline leaves. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the PfFUL gene regulates early flowering and fruit development in plants and participates in nutritional growth.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1143-1152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015628

ABSTRACT

ω-3-Fatty acid desaturase 8 (FAD8), as a dehydrogenase enzyme, plays a key role in the transformation of saturated fatty acids into unsaturated fatty acids, which is helpful to enhance the freezing tolerance of plants. However, it remains unclear whether the expression level of FAD8 in Perilla frutescens is regulated by low temperature. Based on transcriptome data, the FAD8 gene was cloned, characterized and then successfully expressed in tobacco Nicotiana tabacum. The gene was designated as PfFAD8 and has a full-length coding sequence of 1 317 bp coding for 438 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 50 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point of 9. 13. Our research indicated that the expression of PfFAD8 in Perilla frutescens was increased under the freezing stress. To further confirm this result, a 35S::PfFAD8 vector were constructed and transformed into N. tabacum by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Transgenic tobacco leaves that over-expressed the PfFAD8 gene exhibited significantly higher unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) such as linoleic (C18:2) and palmitic acid (C16:0) content and advanced freezing tolerance. Moreover, PfFAD8 overexpression in transgenic tobacco leaves increases malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline (PRO) content, and enhances defense enzymes activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) to some extent under the cold condition, which might prevent the decline of UFA. Taken together, PfFAD8 overexpression in Perilla frutescens might be involved in the desaturation process of lipids leading to increased membrane stability and/ or induction of other genes related to freezing tolerance by octadecanoid pathway or lipid peroxidation products. Thus, PfFAD8 overexpression could be useful in the production of freeze-tolerant varieties of N. tabacum.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1241-1247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013760

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of boschniakia rossica polysaccharides ( BRPS ) on cardiomyocyte damage induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and its possible mechanism. Methods H/R was used to induce rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 to establish a cell inju¬ry model, and different doses of BRPS were used to treat H9c2 cells. ELISA method was used to detect the level of MDA and the activity of SOD and GSH-Px. Flow cytometry was used to detect the rate of apopto-sis. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-302a-3p. anti-miR-NC and anti-miR-302a-3p were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and then subjected to H/R treatment. miR-NC and miR-302a-3p mimics were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and treated with 100 mg • L

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1048-1052, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate a reasonable threshold of total bilirubin for the diagnosis of hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF), and to realize accurate early diagnosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 1232 patients with HBV-ACLF who were admitted to The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from September 2008 to September 2018, and according to the baseline serum level of total bilirubin (TBil), the patients were divided into group A (TBil 15%) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Although there was a difference in long-term mortality rate between the two groups, there was no significant increase in transplant-free mortality rate after 90 days in either group. Conclusion Under the premise of international normalized ratio ≥1.5, it is not recommended to increase the threshold of TBil to 205.2 μmol/L in the diagnostic criteria for HBV-ACLF, so as to ensure the early diagnosis of more ACLF patients and bring more opportunities for treatment and cure.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 95-99, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture resistance of mandibular molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrowns.@*METHODS@#Forty mandibular molars selected and randomly divided into 5 groups: ① The control group which was consisted of intact teeth, ② the non-resin base group, ③ the 2 mm retention depth group, ④ the 3 mm retention depth group, ⑤ the 4 mm retention depth group, respectively. After tooth preparation, in vitro root canal therapy was conducted, which was followed by endocrown design, production and adhesive of groups ②-⑤. All the samples were under load (N) of the universal mechanical testing machine after embedding. The fracture pattern of each sample was observed under stereomicroscope. Then the microstructure of the fracture surface was observed by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#The fracture loads of each group were respectively: the control group fracture load was (3 069.34±939.50) N; experimental groups: fracture load of (2 438.04±774.40) N for the group without resin base; fracture load of (3 537.18±763.65) N for the group with 2 mm retention depth. The fracture load of the retention depth 3 mm group was (2 331.55±766.39) N; the fracture load of the retention depth 4 mm group was (2 786.98±709.24) N. There was statistical significance in the effect of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture loads of molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrown (P < 0.05). Repairable fractures in each group were as follows: control group 2/8, non-resin base group 1/8, retention depth of 2 mm group 1/8, retention depth of 3 mm group 2/8, and retention depth of 4 mm group 0/8. The effects of the retention depth and the presence of resin base on the fracture resistance of the resin nano-ceramic endocrowns were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy showed more arrest lines and small twist hackles on the fracture surface of the restorations with resin base (retention depths of 2 mm, 3 mm, and 4 mm), with cracks extending towards the root. In addition to the characteristics above, more transverse cracks parallel to the occlusal surface, pointing outwards from the center of the pulp cavity retention, were also observed on the fracture surface of the non-resin base restorations.@*CONCLUSION@#When molar teeth with nano-ceramic endocrowns are restored, resin base and the retention depth of 2 mm help the teeth to obtain optimal fracture strength.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Composite Resins , Dental Porcelain , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Materials Testing , Molar
12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 305-310, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014160

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effeet of Zizyphus jujubekernelfreeze - dried powder on sleep and wakefulness and energy metabolism rate in rats under 24 h eontinuous darkness and its mechanism. Method U- sing the eortieal eleetroeneephalography method and the experimental animal monitoring system (CLAMS) and taking the time of wakefulness and sleep as well as the number of activities, food intake, and caloric pro- duetion as indicators to explore the funetion of it on improving energy metabolism rate. Theenzyme - linked immunoassay was used to determine the changes in the eontent of LEP, POMC, and NPY involved in energy regulation in the hypothalamus, so as to study the energy change mechanism of it. Result Compared with the DD group, the MAT group had redueed daytime awakening time, increased sleep time, deereased aetivities, no signifieant differenee in food intake, and inereased caloric production. There was no significant difference in night awakening and sleep time, no significant difference in the number of activities, reduced food intake , and increased caloric production. The weight gain of rats decreased; Compared with the DD group, the LEP content in the hypothalamus of the MAT group increased, the POMC content increased and the NPY content decreased. Conclusion By increasing LEP, POMC content and decreasing NPY content in hypothalamus , Zizyphus jujubekemelfreeze - dried powder collected the disturbance of sleep and wakefulness state and abnormal energy metabolism rate of rats caused by 24 h continuous dark condition.

13.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 274-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904307

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: We sought to demonstrate the superiority of a targeted therapy strategy involving high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNCO2) therapy and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) using lung ultrasound score (LUS) in comparison with standard care among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who undergo successful weaning to decrease the incidence of extubation failure at both 48 hours and seven days. METHODS: During the study period, 98 patients were enrolled in the study, including 49 in the control group and 49 in the treatment group. Patients in the control group and patients with an LUS score <14 points (at low risk of extubation failure) in the treatment group were extubated and received standard preventive care without NIV or HFNCO2. Patients with an LUS score ≥14 points (at high risk of extubation failure) in the treatment group were extubated with a second review of the therapeutic optimization to identify and address any persisting risk factors for postextubation respiratory distress; patients received HFNCO2 therapy combined with sessions of preventive NIV (4-8 hours per day for 4-8 sessions total) for the first 48 hours after extubation. RESULTS: In the control group, 13 patients had the LUS scores ≥14 points, while 36 patients had scores <14 points. In the treatment group, 16 patients had the LUS scores ≥14 points, while 33 patients had scores <14 points. Among patients with the LUS score ≥14 points, the extubation failure rate within 48 hours was 30.8% in the control group and 12.5% in the treatment group, constituting a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Conversely, among patients with an LUS score <14 points, 13.9% in the control group and 9.1% in the treatment group experienced extubation failure (P=0.61). The length of ICU stay (9.4±3.1 days vs. 7.2±2.4 days) was significantly different and the re-intubation rate (at 48 hours: 18.4% vs. 10.2%; seven days: 22.4% vs. 12.2%) significantly varied between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the 28-day mortality rate (6.1% vs. 8.2%) between the control and treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among high-risk adults being weaned from mechanical ventilation and assessed by LUS, the NIV+HFNCO2 protocol does not lessen the mortality rate but reduce the length of ICU stay, the rate of extubation failure at both 48 hours and seven days.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3286-3296, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922794

ABSTRACT

The functionality of DNA biomacromolecules has been widely excavated, as therapeutic drugs, carriers, and functionalized modification derivatives. In this study, we developed a series of DNA tetrahedron nanocages (Td),

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 947-955, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety of thread embedding acupuncture therapy (TEAT) and discuss the prevention and treatment of some adverse events (AEs).@*METHODS@#Review of databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), CBMdisc, Wanfang, VIP databases and English literature published in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science, were searched from their inception to January 2020, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case reports in which AEs with TEAT were included. Cochrane Collaboration's tool and RevMan V.5.3.3 software were used to evaluate the quality of the studies.@*RESULTS@#A total of 61 studies (45 RCTs and 16 case reports) with 620 cases of AEs were included in this review. These studies were published in two countries: China and South Korea. Twenty eight kinds of AEs were summarized. The most common AEs were induration, bleeding and ecchymosis, redness and swelling, fever, and pain. They were accounted for 75.35% (425/564) in the review, and most of them were mild. The rarest AEs were epilepsy, irregular menstruation, skin ulcer, thread malabsorption, and fat liquefaction, with 1 case each. But not all of them had clear causal relationship with TEAT. Most of the AEs were local reactions [with incidence of 9.83% (480/4,882)] and systemic reactions accounted for only 1.27% (62/4,882). Although the included studies showed that AEs were very commonly encountered (11.09%), only 5 cases of severe AEs reported from 2013 to 2017 (0.1%) by using catgut thread, which are rarely seen nowdays with the wide use of new absorbable surgical suture. All of the severe AEs were recovered after symptomatic treatment with no sequelae.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The evidence showed that TEAT is a relatively safe and convenient therapy especially since application of new absorbable surgical suture. Improving practitioner skills, regulating operations, and paying attention to the patients' conditions may reduce the incidence of AEs and improve safety of TEAT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Catgut , China , Pain , Software
16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 566-569, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the incidence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in cleft patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) after pharyngeal flap surgery (PFS) and explore the influence of operation age.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted in 82 cleft patients after PFS. The patients were divided into two groups according to their age at the time of surgery. The incidence and severity of OSA were assessed at least 1.2 years (mean 6.0 years) postoperatively by polysomnography (PSG).@*RESULTS@#The incidence rates of OSA were 20% in the adult group and 31% in the child group. No significant difference was found between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some patients still have OSA average of 6.0 years after PFS, and operation ageis unrelated to the incidence and severity of OSA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Pharynx , Polysomnography , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology
17.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 442-453, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881085

ABSTRACT

Salidroside (SAL), a major bioactive compound of Rhodiola crenulata, has significant anti-hypoxia effect, however, its underlying molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. In order to explore the protective mechanism of SAL, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α) were measured to establish the PC12 cell hypoxic model. Cell staining and cell viability analyses were performed to evaluate the protective effects of SAL. The metabolomics and bioinformatics methods were used to explore the protective effects of salidroside under hypoxia condition. The metabolite-protein interaction networks were further established and the protein expression level was examined by Western blotting. The results showed that 59 endogenous metabolites changed and the expression of the hub proteins of CK2, p-PTEN/PTEN, PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2 were increased, suggesting that SAL could increase the expression of CK2, which induced the phosphorylation and inactivation of PTEN, reduced the inhibitory effect on PI3K signaling pathways and activated the PI3K/Akt/NF-κB survival signaling pathway. Our study provided an important insight to reveal the protective molecular mechanism of SAL as a novel drug candidate.

18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 109-115, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879723

ABSTRACT

The arachidonic acid (AA) metabolic pathway participates in various physiological processes as well as in the development of malignancies. We analyzed genomic alterations in AA metabolic enzymes in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) prostate cancer (PCa) dataset and found that the gene encoding soluble epoxide hydrolase (EPHX2) is frequently deleted in PCa. EPHX2 mRNA and protein expression in PCa was examined in multiple datasets by differential gene expression analysis and in a tissue microarray by immunohistochemistry. The expression data were analyzed in conjunction with clinicopathological variables. Both the mRNA and protein expression levels of EPHX2 were significantly decreased in tumors compared with normal prostate tissues and were inversely correlated with the Gleason grade and disease-free survival time. Furthermore, EPHX2 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in metastatic and recurrent PCa compared with localized and primary PCa, respectively. In addition, EPHX2 protein expression correlated negatively with Ki67 expression. In conclusion, EPHX2 deregulation is significantly correlated with the clinical characteristics of PCa progression and may serve as a prognostic marker for PCa.

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 45-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws between assist of rapid prototyping 3D guide plate and free-hand insertion, and evaluate the safety of two methods.@*METHODS@#Eight adult cervical cadaver specimens after formaldehyde immersion, including 4 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 65(40.3±5.6) years old. After X-ray examination to exclude bone damage and deformity, 4 of them (3D guide plate group) randomly selected were for CT scan to obtain DICOM format data, and the data was imported into Mimics software for model, designed the ideal entry point and nail path for anterior cervicaltranspedicular screw (ATPS). After obtaining the personalized guide plate of the nail channel, it was exported as STL data, and the individual guide plate was printed by rapid prototyping and 3D printing technology. In turn, with the assistance of 3D guide plates, one-to-one personalized ATPS screws were placed on the four lower cervical cadaver specimens. Another 4 (free-hand group) lower cervical cadaver specimens were implanted with ATPS screws using free-hand technique. All specimens were performed CT thin-layer scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction after operation. The Tomasino method was used to evaluate the safety of the screws on the CT cross-sectional and sagittal images, to determine whether there was a cortical puncture of the lower and inner edges of the pedicle. According to the CT rating results, gradeⅠandⅡwere safe, and grade Ⅲ- Ⅴ were dangerous.And the accuracy of screws was recorded and analyzed between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two screws were inserted in each segment from C@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D printing rapid prototyping guide plate assisted insertion of the anterior cervical pedicle screw can significantly improve the accuracy and safety, and provide a theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 316-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877612
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