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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 99-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the reliability of the Water Tank Scale for assessing recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six adult female SD rats were randomly divided into SCI and sham-operated groups (n= 18). The recovery of the hind limb motor function was assessed using Water Tank scoring, BBB scoring, and motor-evoked potentials (MEP) at 1, 3, 5, 7, 14 and 21 days after SCI. MEP was used as the gold standard for analyzing and comparing differences between the two scoring methods.@*RESULTS@#The Water Tank scores of the rats were significantly higher than the BBB scores on day 3 (0.22±0.43 vs 0, P < 0.05) and also on days 5, 7 and 14 after SCI (0.67±0.49 vs 0.11±0.32, 4.33±1.19 vs 2.83±1.04, 8.61± 1.20 vs 7.06±1.0, P < 0.01). On day 21 after SCI, the scores of the Water Tank Scale of the rats did not significantly differ from the BBB scores (14.78±1.06 vs 14.50±1.47, P>0.05). Neurophysiological monitoring showed that both the Water Tank score and BBB score were significantly correlated with MEP latency, but the Water Tank score had a greater correlation coefficient with MEP latency (r=-0.90).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the BBB scale, Water Tank scoring allows more objective and accurate assessment of functional recovery of the spinal cord in early stages following SCI in rats, and can thus be used as a reliable method for assessing functional recovery of the hind limbs in rat models of acute SCI.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Spinal Cord Injuries , Water
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 939-950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970565

ABSTRACT

WRKY transcription factor family plays an important role in plant growth and development, secondary metabolite synthesis, and biotic and abiotic stress responses. The present study performed full-length transcriptome sequencing of Polygonatum cyrtonema by virtue of the PacBio SMRT high-throughput platform, identified the WRKY family by bioinformatics methods, and analyzed the physicochemical properties, subcellular localization, phylogeny, and conserved motifs. The results showed that 30.69 Gb nucleotide bases and 89 564 transcripts were obtained after redundancy removal. These transcripts had a mean length of 2 060 bp and an N50 value of 3 156 bp. Based on the full-length transcriptome sequencing data, 64 candidate proteins were selected from the WRKY transcription factor family, with the protein size of 92-1 027 aa, the relative molecular mass of 10 377.85-115 779.48 kDa, and the isoelectric point of 4.49-9.84. These WRKY family members were mostly located in the nucleus and belonged to the hydrophobic proteins. According to the phylogenetic analysis of WRKY family in P. cyrtonema and Arabidopsis thaliana, all WRKY family members were clustered into seven subfamilies and WRKY proteins from P. cyrtonema were distributed in different numbers in these seven subgroups. Expression pattern analysis confirmed that 40 WRKY family members had distinct expression patterns in the rhizomes of 1-and 3-year-old P. cyrtonema. Except for PcWRKY39, the expression of 39 WRKY family members was down-regulated in 3-year-old samples. In conclusion, this study provides abundant reference data for genetic research on P. cyrtonema and lays a foundation for the in-depth investigation of the biological functions of the WRKY family.


Subject(s)
Transcription Factors , Polygonatum , Phylogeny , Transcriptome , Gene Expression Regulation , Arabidopsis
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 56-64, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970032

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is the most common monogenic diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MODY in phenotypic type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Chinese young adults.@*METHODS@#From April 2015 to October 2017, this cross-sectional study involved 2429 consecutive patients from 46 hospitals in China, newly diagnosed between 15 years and 45 years, with T2DM phenotype and negative for standardized glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody at the core laboratory. Sequencing using a custom monogenic diabetes gene panel was performed, and variants of 14 MODY genes were interpreted as per current guidelines.@*RESULTS@#The survey determined 18 patients having genetic variants causing MODY (6 HNF1A , 5 GCK , 3 HNF4A , 2 INS , 1 PDX1 , and 1 PAX4 ). The prevalence of MODY was 0.74% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.40-1.08%). The clinical characteristics of MODY patients were not specific, 72.2% (13/18) of them were diagnosed after 35 years, 47.1% (8/17) had metabolic syndrome, and only 38.9% (7/18) had a family history of diabetes. No significant difference in manifestations except for hemoglobin A1c levels was found between MODY and non-MODY patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of MODY in young adults with phenotypic T2DM was 0.74%, among which HNF1A -, GCK -, and HNF4A -MODY were the most common subtypes. Clinical features played a limited role in the recognition of MODY.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mutation , Prevalence , Phenotype
4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1352-1358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and CT imaging features of immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated pneumonia (CIP) and to improve the early diagnostic ability of CIP.Methods:From June 1, 2020 to October 31, 2021, the clinical data and chest CT images of 2 067 patients with advanced malignant tumor treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in the First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with CIP were enrolled according to the guidelines for CIP diagnosis, and the incidence, time from the start of medication to the onset of CIP, medication cycle, imaging features, imaging patterns, CT grade and outcomes were analyzed. χ 2 test was used to compare the incidence of CIP in patients with or without basic lung disease. Results:Among 2 067 patients with malignant tumors treated with ICI, 67 patients developed CIP, the incidence of CIP was 3.2%. The incidence of CIP was significantly different between 386 patients with basic lung disease (7.00%, 27/386) and 1 681 patients without basic lung disease (2.4%, 40/1 681) (χ 2=21.32, P<0.001). The time from the start of medication to the onset of CIP was 7-367 d (median 52 days), and the duration of medication was 1-12 cycles (median 2 cycles). The imaging features of CIP presented as ground glass opacities in 54 cases (80.6%), solid nodules in 26 cases (38.8%), consolidations in 25 cases (37.3%) and irregular reticular opacities in 24 cases (35.8%). The main radiologic pattern was organizing pneumonia (OP, 34 cases, 50.7%), and followed by diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern (14 cases, 20.9%). According to CT grading, there were 26 cases in low risk grade, 17 cases in moderate risk grade and 24 cases in high risk grade. Of 43 low-and medium-risk grade cases, 25 were OP pattern, accounting for 58.1%, and among 24 high-risk grade patients, 13 were DAD pattern, accounting for 54.2%. Forty-three of the 52 patients were initially untreated, of which 23 patients progressed, 17 had lesion shrinkage, and 3 had resolution, and relapsed in 8 cases after resolution or drug withdrawal. Conclusions:The imaging manifestations of CIP are mainly ground glass opacities, nodules, consolidations, and irregular reticular opacities. The radiologic patterns are mainly OP and DAD. OP is the most common pattern in low-moderate risk grade CIP and DAD is the most common pattern in high risk grade CIP. Patients with basic lung disease are more likely to get CIP.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6343-6352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921793

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the traditional use of Paris polyphylla and its active components, aiming to provide reference for the development and utilization of this plant. It was found that P. polyphylla has been used as a medicinal plant by eight ethnic minorities. A total of 62 experiential effective recipes, including 29 simple recipes and 33 compound recipes, were analyzed for their indications, traditional processing methods, medicinal compatibilities, and administration doses. The top three in the eight ethnic minorities sorted by the quantity of folk recipes were the Yi nationality(18), Naxi nationality(13) and Bai nationality(12). P. polyphylla has been widely employed for the treatment of nine categories of diseases, especially the dermatologic diseases, trauma, and toxicosis currently. The collating of material basis for its traditional functions revealed 26 active components, among which 19 were steroidal saponins capable of resisting cancer, furuncles, carbuncles, abscesses, bacteria, inflammation and stopping bleeding. This study preliminarily proved the efficacy of P. polyphylla in treating cancer and respiratory system, digestive system, and genitourinary system diseases, which has provided clues for related basic research of P. polyphylla and development of new preparations.


Subject(s)
Ethnic and Racial Minorities , Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Plants, Medicinal , Saponins
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 168-171, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the effect of helicobacter pylori(H.pylori)eradication on blood glucose and insulin levels in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:This was a prospective case-control study.Ninety-three diabetic elderly patients(≥ 80 years)under glycemic control and with H. pylori infection were selected as the DM group and eighty-nine elderly patients(≥ 80 years)without T2DM and with H. pylori infection were selected as the control group.Among them, bismuth quadruple was given to eradicate H. pylori.Levels of fasting blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c), gastrin, insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR), and insulin secretion index(HOMA-β)were compared before treatment and at 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks after treatment.Rates of H. pylori eradication and adverse reactions were evaluated.Results:The eradication rate of H. pylori was similar between the DM group and the control group [73.1%(68 cases) vs.84.3%(75 cases), P>0.05]. There were no significant differences in levels of fasting blood glucose, insulin, HbA1c, gastrin, HOMA-IR, and HOMA- β before treatment and at 4, 8, 12, 16 weeks after treatment between the two groups( P>0.05). However, the incidence of constipation was significantly higher in the DM group than in the control group [25.8%(24 cases) vs.12.4%(11 cases), P<0.05]. Conclusions:The eradication of H. pylori has no significant effect on fasting blood glucose, insulin and HbA1c in elderly patients with or without T2DM.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 919-928, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827683

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most globally prevalent cancers in the world. The pathogenesis of GC has not been fully elucidated, and there still lacks effective targeted therapeutics. The influence of altered kinesin superfamily protein 22 (KIF22) expression in GC progression is still unclearly. The aim of this study was to investigate the KIF22 effects on GC and related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Gastric carcinoma tissues and matching non-cancerous tissues were collected from patients with GC who have accepted a radical gastrectomy in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from May 2013 to December 2014. The expression of KIF22 was examined in GC of 67 patients and 20 para-carcinoma tissues by immunochemical staining. The relationship between the expression of KIF22 and clinicopathologic characteristics was next investigated in the remaining 52 patients except for 15 patients who did not complete follow-up for 5 years. Cell viability was performed via 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test and colony formation assay in the MGC-803 and BGC-823 GC cells. Cell scratch and trans-well invasion assay was performed to assess migration ability in the MGC-803 and BGC-823 GC cells. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) pathway enrichment analysis was performed to explore the potential functions. Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. In addition, the two GC cell lines were used to elucidate the underlying mechanism of KIF22 in GC in vitro via assessing the effects on mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated protein kinases (MAPK/ERK) signal transduction pathway-related expressions by Western blotting assays. The differences were compared by t tests, one-way analysis of variance, and Chi-squared tests.@*RESULTS@#The study showed that KIF22 was up-regulated in GC, and KIF22 high expression was significantly related to differentiation degree (χ = 12.842, P = 0.002) and poorly overall survivals. GSEA pathway enrichment analysis showed that KIF22 was correlated with the cell cycle. Silence of KIF22 decreased the ability of the proliferation and migration in gastric cells, induced G1/S phase cell cycle arrest via regulating the MAPK-ERK pathways.@*CONCLUSIONS@#KIF22 protein level was negatively correlated with prognosis. KIF22 knockdown might inhibit proliferation and metastasis of GC cells via the MAPK-ERK signaling pathway.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827070

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to clarify the signaling molecular mechanism by which fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates leptin gene expression in adipocytes. Differentiated 3T3-F442A adipocytes were used as study object. The mRNA expression level of leptin was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. The phosphorylation levels of proteins of signal transduction pathways were detected by Western blot. The results showed that FGF21 significantly down-regulated the mRNA expression level of leptin in adipocytes, and FGF21 receptor inhibitor BGJ-398 could completely block this effect. FGF21 up-regulated the phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and AMPK in adipocytes. Either ERK1/2 inhibitor SCH772984 or AMPK inhibitor Compound C could partially block the inhibitory effect of FGF21, and the combined application of these two inhibitors completely blocked the effect of FGF21. Neither PI3K inhibitor LY294002 nor Akt inhibitor AZD5363 affected the inhibitory effect of FGF21 on leptin gene expression. These results suggest that FGF21 may inhibit leptin gene expression by activating ERK1/2 and AMPK signaling pathways in adipocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 3T3 Cells , Adenylate Kinase , Adipocytes , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Metabolism , Leptin , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 883-886, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777097

ABSTRACT

Ginseng is a plant in the family Araliaceae and the genus Panax with the formal name of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer and the treasure of traditional herbal medicine resources as the "king of herbs". Ginseng has been traditionally used for over 2,000 years in Asian countries, especially in China and Republic of Korea. During the ginseng industry chain, the cultivation in farmland and seed breeding are important for sustainable development of ginseng resources. Active components in ginseng including ginsenosides, polysaccharides, phenolic compound and their therapeutic benefits for multiple diseases are being studied. This paper aimed to review current research status and problem-solving strategies for each step of ginseng industry, including ginseng growing cultivation and seed resources, basic and clinical studies as well as comparison of ginseng industry between China and Republic of Korea, hoping to provide a reference for research direction and future development of ginseng industry.

10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1012-1015, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775065

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of molecules associated with the Notch signaling pathway in children with tuberculosis, as well as the role of this pathway in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 62 children who were diagnosed with tuberculosis from June 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled as the case group, and 64 healthy children were enrolled as the healthy control group. Peripheral venous blood samples with a volume of 2 mL were collected, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of the molecules associated with the Notch signaling pathway (receptors Notch1-4, ligands Jagged1/2 and DLL1/3/4, and downstream target genes Hes1 and Hey1) in leukocytes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the case group had significant increases in the mRNA expression levels of Notch1, Notch2, and DLL4 in leukocytes (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are significant increases in the mRNA expression of Notch1/2 and DLL4 in children with tuberculosis, while there are no significant changes in the expression of downstream target genes, suggesting that the Notch signaling pathway, which is activated by the interaction between Notch1/2 and DLL4 after Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, may play a role in childhood tuberculosis by acting on other target genes, and further studies are needed for clarification.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Notch , Signal Transduction , Tuberculosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 28-33, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801961

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Erzhiwan (EZW) on the invasion and metastasis of human colon cancer HCT116 cells. Method: The abilities of invasion (number of transmembrane cells) and migration (relative width of 48 h scratch) were observed by Transwell assay. Western blot was used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and E-cadherin protein, respectively. Result: ① Transwell results showed that compared with the blank control group, the number of model piercing cells in each drug group was decreased (PPPPPPPP-1 L-OHP combined with 10% EZW group was lower than that in L-OHP group (PP-1 L-OHP combined with 10% EZW group and L-OHP group increased the expression of E-cadherin protein significantly. Compared with L-OHP group, the expression of E-cadherin protein was the highest (PConclusion: EZW can inhibit the invasion and metastasis of colon cancer HCT116 cells, and the best effect is achieved after combined with L-OHP. This may be related to the decrease of VEGF protein expression and the increase of E-cadherin protein expression after combination with L-OHP.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 384-390, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818247

ABSTRACT

Objective Studies are rarely reported on the correlation of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) gene polymorphisms with fungal infection in the Chinese Han population. This study aims to explore the association between TLR gene polymorphisms and pulmonary candida infection (PCI) and candida colonization (CC) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Guizhou Han population. Methods Using the polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing (PCR-SBT) method, we genotyped six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the TLR1, TLR2 and TLR4 genes in 344 Guizhou Han patients with COPD, including 80 cases complicated by PCI (the PCI group), 103 cases complicated by CC (the CC group), and 161 negative controls. We analyzed the correlation of the SNPs with PCI and CC in the COPD patients in different genetic models with the SNPstats online software, measured the levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α proteins in the plasma of the patients by ELISA, and assessed the functional consequences of these polymorphisms. Results The polymorphisms of rs5743611, rs5743708, rs4986790 and rs4986791 were found in none of the patients. The genotype frequency of rs4833095 was significantly different between the PCI and control groups in the codominant, dominant and overdominant models (P < 0.05), with the dominant model as the best genetic pattern. No statistically significant difference was observed either in the rs4833095 genotype frequency between the CC and control groups (P > 0.05) or in the rs5743618 genotype frequency between any two groups (P > 0.05). In the PCI group, the T allele of the rs4833095 polymorphism significantly decreased the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-1β in the plasma (P < 0.05), and that of TNF-α as well, though with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). Conclusion The rs4833095 polymorphism of the TLR1 gene is associated with PCI in COPD patients. The T allele of rs4833095 may affect the function of TLR1, decrease the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-1β proteins in the plasma. Neither rs4833095 nor rs5743618 gene polymorphism is correlated with the susceptibility to candida colonization.

13.
Journal of Stroke ; : 342-349, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717271

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vasa vasorum (VV) have been believed to be rare or non-existent in small-caliber intracranial arteries. In a series of human cerebral artery specimens, we identified and examined the distribution of VV in association with co-existing intracranial atherosclerosis. METHODS: We obtained cerebral artery specimens from 32 consecutive autopsies of subjects aged 45 years or above. We scrutinized middle cerebral artery (MCA), vertebral artery (VA), and basilar artery (BA) for the presence of adventitial VV. We described the distribution of VV, and the characteristics of co-existing atherosclerotic lesions. RESULTS: Among 157 intracranial arteries, adventitial VV were present in 74 of the 157 specimens (47%), involving MCA (n=13, 18%), BA (n=14, 19%), and VA (n=47, 64%). Although qualitatively these 74 adventitial VV distributed similarly in arteries with or without atherosclerotic lesions (disease-free arteries n=4/8; arteries of pre-atherosclerosis n=17/42; and arteries of progressive atherosclerosis n=53/107), the presence of adventitial VV in intracranial VA was associated with a heavier plaque load (1.72±1.66 mm2 vs. 0.40±0.32 mm2, P < 0.001), severer luminal stenosis (25%±21% vs. 12%±9%, P=0.002), higher rate of concentric lesions (79% vs. 36%, P=0.002), and denser intraplaque calcification (44% vs. 0%, P=0.003). Histologically, intracranial VA with VV had a larger diameter (3.40±0.79 mm vs. 2.34±0.58 mm, P < 0.001), thicker arterial wall (0.31±0.13 mm vs. 0.23±0.06 mm, P=0.002), and a larger intima-media (0.19±0.09 mm vs. 0.13± 0.04 mm, P=0.003) than VA without VV. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the distribution of adventitial VV within brain vasculature and association between vertebral VV and progressive atherosclerotic lesions with a heavier plaque load and denser intraplaque calcification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Autopsy , Basilar Artery , Brain , Cerebral Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic , Intracranial Arteriosclerosis , Middle Cerebral Artery , Phenobarbital , Vasa Vasorum , Vertebral Artery
14.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 857-861, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710251

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish the quality standard for Pogonostemon auricularius (L.) Hassk..METHODS The original,characteristic and microscopic features of P.auricularius were identified,after which TLC was used for qualitative identification,HPLC was adopted in the content determination of verbascoside,and the contents of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash,extract were determined by Chinese Pharmacopoeia methods.RESULTS The clear TLC plots displayed good reproducibility.Verbascoside showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.102-2.04 μg (r =0.999 98),whose average recovery was 97.99% with the RSD of 2.02%.In four-teen batches of samples,the content ranges of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash,extract were 6.47%-12.07%,7.59%-12.35%,0.23%-3.55%,13.28%-26.82%,respectively.CONCLUSION This stable and reliable method can be used for the quality control of P.auricularius

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3229-3234, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776930

ABSTRACT

For the basic research on the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), objective syndrome of traditional Chinese medicine and evaluation criteria of traditional Chinese medicine compounds are hardly to break though. While, the modern immunology points out that the body is a counterbalance state and immune imbalance is the root of sickness. The thinking mode of treating diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is also "balance", considering disease is the result of bias which present the imbalance of "Yin counters Yang", "exterior counters interior", "cold counters heat" and "weak counters strong". The Chinese herbal compound formula preparation was applied on disease therapy based on theory of Chinese medicine, which was confirmed by long period clinical application. It is composed of multi-compounds and has the characteristic of multi-targeting. Integrative medicine has spawned pan-immunomics, and the evaluation of immune function (immune balance) has become an important basis for diagnosis and treatment models of integrative medicine. In addition, balance is the core idea of whole-systemic conception of traditional Chinese medicine. Therefore, we speculate that immune balance under pan-immunomic can bridge the traditional Chinese medicine and modern integrative medicine and is the important basis for objective syndrome of traditional Chinese medicine and evaluation criteria of traditional Chinese medicine compounds. According to the bridging theory, we attempt to utilize informatics and statistical methods to construct an evaluation system for pharmacodynamics of traditional Chinese medicine based on its moderate regulation and the balanced adjustment of immunity under pan-immunomic, which further reveal the scientific essence of the whole-systemic view of traditional Chinese medicine. This research brings out a new valuable strategy and provides a theoretical basis for accelerating the transformation of traditional Chinese medicine, especially the exploitation of Chinese herbal compound formula, and constructing the new drug innovation and review system for traditional Chinese medicine. Besides as a reference for traditional Chinese medicine objective syndrome and pharmacodynamics of traditional Chinese medicine compounds, the evaluation system can screen the immunity of sub-health population also. With the continuous accumulation of clinical sample and data, the evaluation system will be more accurate and intelligent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Immune System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Syndrome , Yin-Yang
16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 649-653, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693958

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a method of isolation and identification of exosomes of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.Methods The mesenchymal stem cells were cultured by whole bone marrow adherence method.A new reagent -exosomes extraction kit was used to isolate and collecte exosomes.The exosomes were identified by elec-tron microscopy,particle size detection,flow cytometry and Western blot.Results The expression of CD45 on the surface of the third generation bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was negative,and CD73 and CD105 were posi-tive;exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were round or oval,the size is non-uniform,the diameter is 30~100 nm,have a complete membrane structure,and containing low-density substances;Particle size detection particle diameter of the main peak was 61.25 nm, in which the diameter of particles was about 20-200 nm accounted for 72.4%;exosome expressed CD63 and CD81;The expression of CD9 and CD63 from cell cul-ture supernatants was positive.Conclusions The exosomes can be collected in the medium of mesenchymal stem cells.The exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can be identified by electron microscopy, particle size detection,flow cytometry and Western blot.

17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 141-144, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806029

ABSTRACT

Cobalt-chromium alloys have been applied to dental porcelain fused to metal (PFM) restorations over the past decades owing to their excellent corrosion resistance, good biocompatibility and low price. The production of CoCr metal-ceramic restorations has always been based on traditional lost-wax casting techniques. However, in recent years, selective laser melting (SLM) is becoming more and more highly valued by dental laboratories and dental practitioners due to its individuation, precision and efficiency. This paper mainly reviews the recent researches on the production process of copings, microstructure, mechanical property, metal-ceramic bond strength, fit of copings, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility of SLM CoCr metal-ceramic alloy.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 265-271, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691396

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of total flavone of haw leaves (TFHL) on the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor (Nrf2) and other related factors in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rats induced by high-fat diet and then to further discuss the mechanism of TFHL's prevention against NASH.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High-fat diet was fed to 40 rats to establish the NASH model. Then model rats were intragastrically administrated with 40, 80, 160 mg/(kg•day) TFHL, respectively. The pathological changes of liver tissues in NASH rats were detected by oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) stainings. The expression of Nrf2 in rat liver was examined through immunohistochemistry. The level of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α in serum was detected through enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA and protein levels of Nrf2 and other related factors in liver tissue were measured by real-time reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction and western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Lipid deposition, hepatic steatosis, focal necrosis in lobular inflammation and ballooning degeneration were emerged in livers of NASH rats. The 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α in the serum of NASH rats increased significantly compared with the control group (P<0.05). The mRNA of Nrf2, hemeoxyenase1 (HO-1) and the mRNA and protein levels of quinine oxidoreductase (NQO1) in NASH rats liver tissue showed a striking increase, while the mRNA levels of Keap1, r-glutamylcysteine synthethase (rGCS) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) were significantly decreased compared with the control group (P<0.05). After TFHL treatment, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α level in serum significantly decreased, and Nrf2 mRNA and protein levels in hepatocytes nucleus enhanced compared with the model group (P<0.05 or 0.01). Meanwhile the Keap1 mRNA, the mRNA and protein levels of HO-1, NQO1 antibody, rGCS antibody, GST increased after TFHL treatment (P<0.05 or 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nrf2 and other related factors were involved in development of NASH, and they also served as an important part in its occurrence. By regulating expression of Nrf2 and other related factors, TFHL may play a role in antioxidative stress and prevention of NASH.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Crataegus , Chemistry , Dinoprost , Metabolism , Flavones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Lipids , Chemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Phytotherapy , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 969-973, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701630

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution of main pathogens,antimicrobial susceptibility,and clinical characteristics of osteoarticular infection,and provide evidence for clinical treatment.Methods A retrospective sur-vey was conducted on clinical data and pathogenic results of hospitalized patients with osteoarticular infection diag-nosed by etiology and pathology in Peking University First Hospital from 2009 to 2016,surveyed data were analyzed statistically.Results A total of 99 cases of bacterial osteoarticular infection were enrolled,100 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated,gram-positive bacteria accounted for 67.00%,49.00% of which were Staphylococcus spp., Enterobacteriaceae bacteria accounted for 67.74% of 31 strains of gram-negative bacteria.Isolation rate of methicil-lin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)was 16.13%,resistance rates of Staphylococcus spp.to fluoroquino-lones and rifampicin were both lower than 30%.Complication with other site infection (urinary tract infection,in-testinal infection,bloodstream infection)was an independent risk factor for gram-negative bacterial steoarticular in-fection (P=0.027,OR=10.536,95% CI:1.300-85.417).Conclusion Staphylococcus spp.is still the main pathogen causing osteoarticular infection,proportion of MRSA is low.Patients with urinary tract infection and in-testinal infection as well as long duration of implant should be considered the possibility of gram-negative bacterial infection when they develop steoarticular infection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2340-2344, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698705

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: When conservative treatment of pure lumbar spondylolysis is ineffective, segmental fixation and bone grafting is a commonly used method. However, surgical methods are various, and have some controversies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of U-shape titanium screw-rod fixation system with bone grafting for pure lumbar spondylolysis. METHODS: Data from 15 patients with pure lumbar spondylolysis or without mild spondylolisthesis, who were treated with U-shape titanium screw-rod fixation system and bone grafting in the Department of Orthopedics of Jinan Military General Hospital from May 2012 to May 2016, were retrospectively reviewed. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage were observed. The lumbar spine X-ray, CT, Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index were compared before operation, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The operation time was (115.0±18.8) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (280.0±84.3) mL, and the postoperative drainage was (61.0±19.6) mL. (2) By Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index during following-up, pain symptoms and function were significantly improved (P < 0.05). (3) No secondary spondylolisthesis, adjacent vertebral degeneration, internal fixation fracture, loosening, infection or nerve injury occurred during the follow-up. (4) All patients had bony union. The healing time range was 6-12 months, with an average of 8.2 months. (5) In summary, U-shape titanium screw-rod fixation system with bone grafting is a good choice for the treatment of pure lumbar spondylolysis.

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