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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 8-20, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007730

ABSTRACT

The intestine harbors a large population of microorganisms that interact with epithelial cells to maintain host healthy physiological status. These intestinal microbiota engage in the fermentation of non-digestible nutrients and produce beneficial metabolites to regulate host homeostasis, metabolism, and immune response. The disruption of microbiota, known as dysbiosis, has been implicated in many intestinal diseases, including colorectal cancer (CRC). As the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, CRC poses a significant health burden. There is an urgent need for novel interventions to reduce CRC incidence and improve clinical outcomes. Modulating the intestinal microbiota has emerged as a promising approach for CRC prevention and treatment. Current research efforts in CRC probiotics primarily focus on reducing the incidence of CRC, alleviating treatment-related side effects, and potentiating the efficacy of anticancer therapy, which is the key to successful translation to clinical practice. This paper aims to review the traditional probiotics and new interventions, such as next-generation probiotics and postbiotics, in the context of CRC. The underlying mechanisms of probiotic anti-cancer effects are also discussed, including the restoration of microbial composition, reinforcement of gut barrier integrity, induction of cancer cell apoptosis, inactivation of carcinogens, and modulation of host immune response. This paper further evaluates the novel strategy of probiotics as an adjuvant therapy in boosting the efficacy of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Despite all the promising findings presented in studies, the evaluation of potential risks, optimization of delivery methods, and consideration of intra-patient variability of gut microbial baseline must be thoroughly interpreted before bench-to-bedside translation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Microbiota , Probiotics/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 271-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the threshold of tidal breathing nasal nitric oxide (TB-nNO) in diagnosing primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) in children aged 3 to 5 years.Methods:Retrospective study.The TB-nNO values were examined of 165 healthy children aged 3-5 in a kindergarten in Xicheng District, Beijing, from March 27 to March 29, 2018, which were also measured in children aged 3-5 years who were diagnosed as PCD, cystic fibrosis, bronchiolitis obliterans, bronchiectasis caused by other diseases and asthma in the Second Department of Pediatric Pneumology, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021.Relevant factors associated with TB-nNO in normal children were screened by a multiple linear regression model.The cut-off value of TB-nNO in diagnosing PCD in preschool children aged 3-5 years was determined by calculating the maximum area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:TB-nNO value in healthy children aged 3, 4 and 5 years were (94.8±36.4) nL/min, (103.3±50.7) nL/min and (106.9±61.5) nL/min, respectively.The mean TB-nNO value in 9 children with PCD was (18.9±10.8) nL/min.TB-nNO values in 49 children with asthma, 19 children with bronchiolitis obliterans, 17 children with bronchiectasis and 6 children with cystic fibrosis were (97.7±51.1) nL/min, (93.2±49.2) nL/min, (93.7±75.3) nL/min and (45.4±18.2) nL/min, respectively.Using 30 nL/min of TB-nNO as the cut-off point, the sensitivity and specificity of TB-nNO in diagnosing PCD were 88.9% (8/9) and 96.9%, respectively.The area under the ROC curve was 98.3% (95% CI: 95.3%-100.0%). Conclusions:TB-nNO value of 30 nL/min can be used as the cut-off point in the diagnosis screening of PCD in children aged 3-5 years.Its diagnostic value in this age group should be further evaluated.

3.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 163-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989333

ABSTRACT

Imaging histology plays a key role in the diagnosis of tumors, prognostic assessment, and evaluation of tumor response to therapy. Multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging histology can link the imaging histological presentation of a tumor to its molecular phenotype, offering greater advantages in the grading of gliomas and in the prediction and prognosis of treatment response. It utilizes conventional and advanced techniques to differentiate brain tumors from non-neoplastic lesions and can be used for the diagnosis of gliomas and the differentiation of gliomas from brain metastases. Semi-automated and automated tumor segmentation techniques have also been developed for the assessment of the recurrence of gliomas. In this review paper, the research progress in multimodal MRI imaging histology was reviewed, including the prediction of important molecular biological markers of glioma, graded diagnosis of glioma, differential diagnosis with brain metastases, and assessment of postoperative recurrence.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 896-902, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015613

ABSTRACT

Driven by initiatives of constructing the Four New Disciplines (new engineering, new medical sciences, new agriculture and new liberal arts) for higher education, Biochemistry teaching with ideological and political concerns is critical to the education achievements. Over the past 6 years, FMMU has carried out trials and practices on TCA model in Biochemistry teaching which can serve as a shared formula. TCA is originally an abbreviation for “tricarboxylic acid” cycle, and herein it stands for thinking and teamwork (T), critique (C) and appreciation (A), which hopefully could provide students with moral norms for cognition, science and life. Accordingly, a strategy is proposed to help systematically implement this “TCA” model, which highlights the notion of “3-integration for teaching”, “3-thinking for learning” and 3-step for setting”. Such “TCA”-based ideological and political model is adaptable to various universities in designing advanced teaching activities. In the case of FMMU, we created a “TCA pigeon” ideological and political pattern, with “pigeon” signifying medicine, the Air Force and peace, showing the distinctive features of a military medical university. Meanwhile, we have designed three advanced teaching activities. Specifically, “the magic biochemical-circle”, a shared learning platform that develops thinking abilities with a focus on autonomous learning and personal demonstration; “inter-guidance by basic and clinical teachers”, a heuristic large class that elicits critical thinking on basis of feedback, discussion and iteration; a task-driven “virtual reality (VR) program” enables students to deal with complicated situation and to undertake troubleshooting. The above “TCA pigeon” pattern has shown a generally favorable result among students in developing their skills such as holistic thinking, deep learning, introspecting and self-improvement. Yet, a few problems still occurred in practice and remained to be resolved.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 979-987, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014716

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the protective effects of sinomenine (SIN) on oxidative stress and pulmonary fibrosis and its relationship with the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway. METHODS: MRC-5 cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to establish the oxidative stress injury model, followed by administration with SIN. Cell viability was detected using the CCK-8 method. The biochemical kits were employed to measure malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities. The protein expression of Keap1 and Nrf2 was examined by western blot. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, bleomycin A5 (BLM) group and BLM + SIN group, with 10 animals in each group. Bleomycin A5 were intratracheally administered to the rats in BLM group and BLM+SIN group to establish the pulmonary fibrosis model. The rats in control group received the same volume of 9 g/L sodium chloride solution. The second day after model construction, the rats in BLM+SIN group were gavaged with SIN, while the rats in the other two groups were treated with 9 g/L sodium chloride solution. On day 28, all rats were sacrificed. Pulmonary tissue was isolated, and HE and Masson staining was performed to observe the pathological changes. The MDA content and SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activities in pulmonary tissue were evaluated. Western blot was used to assay pulmonary tissues Keap1 and Nrf2 protein expression. RESULTS: When compared with H2O2 group, SIN treatment increased cell viability, decreased MDA content, elevated SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activities, down-regulated Keap1 expression, and promoted nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in MRC-5 cells. In comparison with BLM group, administration of SIN decreased alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis pathological changes and scores as well as pulmonary tissue MDA content, enhanced pulmonary tissues SOD, GSH-Px and CAT activities, down-regulated pulmonary tissues Keap1 expression, and raised Nrf2 levels in the nucleus. CONCLUSION: SIN alleviates oxidative stress and pulmonary fibrosis possibly by activating the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 416-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969904

ABSTRACT

To explore the clinical distribution and drug resistance characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), in order to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of CRKP infection. Retrospective analysis was performed on 510 clinical isolates of CRKP from January 2017 to December 2021, and strain identification and drug sensitivity tests were conducted by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer and VITEK-2 Compact microbial drug sensitivity analyzer. The carbapenemase phenotype of CRKP strain was detected by carbapenemase inhibitor enhancement test. The CRKP strain was further categorized by immunochromogenic method and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for gene detection. The results showed that 302 strains (59.2%) were derived from sputum, 127 strains (24.9%) from urine and 47 strains (9.2%) from blood. 231 (45.3%) were mainly distributed in intensive care, followed by 108 (21.2%) in respiratory medicine and 79 (15.5%) in neurosurgery. Drug susceptibility test result shows that the resistant rate of tigecycline increased from 1.0% in 2017 to 10.1% in 2021, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=14.444,P<0.05). The results of carbapenemase inhibitor enhancement test showed that 461 carbapenemase strains (90.4%) of 510 CRKP strains, including 450 serinase strains (88.2%), 9 metalloenzyme strains (1.8%), and 2 strains (0.4%) produced both serine and metalloenzyme. 49 strains (9.6%) did not produce enzymes. Further typing by immunochromogenic assay showed that 461 CRKP strains were KPC 450 (97.6%) and IMP 2 (0.4%). 7 NDM (1.5%); 2 strains of KPC+NDM (0.4%); PCR results were as follows: 450 strains of blaKPC (97.6%), 2 strains of blaIMP (0.4%), 7 strains of blaNDM (1.5%), and 2 strains of blaKPC+NDM (0.4%). In conclusion, CRKP strains mainly originated from sputum specimens and distributed in intensive care department, and the drug resistance characteristics were mainly KPC type in carbapenemase production. Clinical microbiology laboratory should strengthen the monitoring of CRKP strains, so as to provide reference for preventing CRKP infection and reducing the production of bacterial drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics , Hospital Distribution Systems , Retrospective Studies , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 488-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964254

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the changes of retinal microvascular density in patients with sellar region tumor, and its correlation with the damage to visual field, and to explore its application value in evaluating optic nerve injury of those patients.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 157 patients(292 eyes)with sellar region tumor, including 82 cases(152 eyes)of pituitary adenoma and 75 cases(140 eyes)of craniopharyngioma, were selected from neurosurgery department and ophthalmology department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University between October 2018 and May 2022. A total of 90 people(180 eyes)during the same period, including the family members of patients, students and staff in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected as control group. All participants underwent optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)examination. The changes of retinal microvascular density and its correlation with visual field parameters were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: In patients with sellar region tumor, the radial peripapillary capillary(RPC)and superficial retinal capillary plexus(SRCP)density were significantly lower than that in the control group [50.81%(46.49%, 53.49%)vs. 52.78%(50.73%, 54.51%)and 50.57%(48.13%, 52.73%)vs. 51.63%(49.78%, 53.02%), all P<0.05]. The RPC density in the craniopharyngioma group was lower than that in the pituitary adenoma group [49.71%(44.33%, 53.14%)vs. 51.37%(47.42%, 53.95%), P<0.05]. The MD, PSD and VFI of the sellar region tumor group were -4.33(-12.22, -1.85)dB, 3.37(1.91, 8.82)dB and 92%(65%, 97%)respectively. RPC density of patients with sellar region tumor was positively correlated with MD and VFI, and was negatively correlated with PSD. The SRCP density of each quadrant was positively correlated with MD, and was positively correlated with VFI except Para-T and it was negatively correlated with PSD(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Retinal microvascular changes were present in patients with sellar region tumor. Lower vessel density indicates more severe damage to visual field. In the clinic, visual field examinations combined with OCTA were helpful to find the optic nerve injury of patients.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 400-406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964237

ABSTRACT

Fundus vascular diseases, including neovascular age-related macular degeneration(nAMD)and diabetic retinopathy(DR), are the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. With the accelerated aging and increased incidence of diabetes, the prevalence of these two fundus diseases will continue to rise. Currently, intraocular injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(anti-VEGF)remains the first-line treatment for fundus vascular diseases, but disadvantages exist, such as frequent intraocular injections, high cost and poor compliance, thus more durable and effective therapeutic strategies need to be explored. The successful application of gene therapy in inherited retinal diseases(IRDs)provides a new idea for the treatment of fundus vascular diseases. With the ongoing of several clinical trials, gene therapy for fundus vascular diseases is expected to be employed in the clinical setting. But there still remain some concerns, including the optimal therapeutic targets selection, administration route and safety issues. This review focuses on the application and prospect of gene augmentation and gene editing-mediated anti-VEGF therapy for the treatment of nAMD and DR.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3557-3571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004640

ABSTRACT

Alternative splicing of pre-messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) is a crucial mechanism for the diversity of the human transcriptome and proteome. Alternative splicing is a complex gene regulation process. Whole-transcriptome analysis shows that 95% of human exonic genes are alternatively spliced, involving various cis-acting elements and trans-acting factors. Any changes in any component or step may cause erroneous splicing events and lead to the occurrence of various related diseases. In addition to gene replacement therapy that directly changes the splicing results, RNA splicing modification is expected to become a new therapeutic strategy to alleviate or treat diseases by targeting and correcting abnormal pre-mRNA splicing. Splicing modification tools currently developed including RNA trans-splicing, antisense oligonucleotides, small interfering RNA, and small molecule drugs can correct abnormal splicing through different ways. This article reviews the resent progress of epigenetic regulation of pre-mRNA alternative splicing in recent years, and discusses the occurrence and regulation of alternative splicing, the types of diseases caused by related splicing defects, and the current-used tools for targeting and altering splicing. The importance of splicing modification strategies in the future treatment of human diseases is envisioned.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 720-724, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998286

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of mirror therapy with augmented reality on attention of stroke patients. MethodsFrom January, 2020 to December, 2022, 60 stroke patients in the First People's Hospital of Changzhou were randomly divided into control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 30). Both groups received routine occupational therapy, and the observation group received mirror therapy with augmented reality additionally, for four weeks. They were assessed with Digit Span Test (DST), Digit Cancellation Test (D-CAT3 and D-CAT3P), Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) and Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) before and after treatment. ResultsBefore treatment, there was no significant difference in the scores of the DST, D-CAT3, D-CAT3P, SDMT and PASAT between two groups (P > 0.05). After treatment, all the indexes improved in the observation group (|t| > 3.663, P < 0.01), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.037, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe mirror therapy with augmented reality could effectively improve attention of stroke patients in the short term.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 230-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996554

ABSTRACT

Carbon nanotube (CNT), as a new nanomaterial, is widely used in commercial and industrial production. The occupational exposure of workers involved in CNT production and manufacturing is gradually increasing. CNT mainly enters the human body through the respiratory system, and mainly exerts toxic effects on the respiratory system, including decreased lung function, lung inflammation, and pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis, as one of the important diseases caused by CNT exposure, has attracted attention and been studied. The process of pulmonary fibrosis induced by CNT has four stages: acute pulmonary inflammatory response, structural destruction and parenchymal injury of lung tissue, impaired lung tissue repair and pulmonary fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms of CNT induced pulmonary fibrosis may be related to cell proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation, pulmonary inflammation, immune response and oxidative stress. In the future, it is needed to explore the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis caused by CNT through animal experiments, and carry out large sample and multi-center epidemiological studies for verification.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1486-1489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980538

ABSTRACT

Central retinal artery occlusion(CRAO), also known as eye stroke, always results in acute and painless visual loss. At present, conservative treatments, such as eye massage, lowering intraocular pressure and vasodilators have little effect on reducing visual loss. Intra-arterial thrombolysis(IAT)has significantly improved prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke, thus IAT has been gradually applied in the treatment of CRAO. IAT injects fibrinolytic drugs directly into the ophthalmic artery by a microcatheter, and dissolves the emboli that block the central retinal artery to restore the blood flow of the retina. Theoretically, IAT may be effective for CRAO as what has been found for stroke, but existing clinical studies exhibited inconsistent results. This paper summarizes the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of IAT treatment in CRAO. It will also analyze related factors that affect the prognosis, putting forward potential development directions and providing insights for the further clinical application of IAT.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 992-998, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the gene mutations in patients with myeloid malignancies by high-throughput sequencing and explore the correlation between gene mutations and prognosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients with myeloid malignancies who were hospitalized in the department of hematology, Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. The genetic mutations of the patients were detected by next-generation sequencing technology, and the correlation between the genetic mutations and prognosis of myeloid malignancies was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 56 patients, the number of mutated genes detected in a single patient is 0-9, with a median of 3. Sequencing results showed that the most common mutated genes were RUNX1(21.4%), TET2(17.9%), DNMT3A(17.9%), TP53(14.3%) and ASXL1(14.3%), among which the most common mutations occurred in the signaling pathway-related genes (23.3%) and the transcription factor genes (18.3%). 84% of the patients carried multiple mutated genes (≥2), and correlation analysis showed there were obvious co-occurring mutations between WT1 and FLT3, NPM1 and FLT3-ITD, and MYC and FLT3. TP53 mutation was more common in MDS patients.The overall survival time of patients with NRAS mutation was significantly shortened (P =0.049). The prognosis of patients with TP53 mutation was poor compared with those without TP53 mutation, but the difference wasn't statistically significant (P =0.08).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of next-generation sequencing technology is of great significance in myeloid malignancies, which is helpful to better understand the pathogenesis of the disease, to judge the prognosis and to find possible therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Mutation
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 556-565, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982301

ABSTRACT

Postoperative adhesion (PA) is currently one of the most unpleasant complications following surgical procedures. Researchers have developed several new strategies to alleviate the formation of PA to a great extent, but so far, no single measure or treatment can meet the expectations and requirements of clinical patients needing complete PA prevention. Chinese medicine (CM) has been widely used for thousands of years based on its remarkable efficacy and indispensable advantages CM treatments are gradually being accepted by modern medicine. Therefore, this review summarizes the formating process of PA and the efficacy and action mechanism of CM treatments, including their pharmacological effects, therapeutic mechanisms and advantages in PA prevention. We aim to improve the understanding of clinicians and researchers on CM prevention in the development of PA and promote the in-depth development and industrialization process of related drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Industrial Development , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 722-738, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971729

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a pathological change caused by repeated injuries and repair dysfunction of the alveolar epithelium. Our previous study revealed that the residues Asn3 and Asn4 of peptide DR8 (DHNNPQIR-NH2) could be modified to improve stability and antifibrotic activity, and the unnatural hydrophobic amino acids α-(4-pentenyl)-Ala and d-Ala were considered in this study. DR3penA (DHα-(4-pentenyl)-ANPQIR-NH2) was verified to have a longer half-life in serum and to significantly inhibit oxidative damage, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, DR3penA has a dosage advantage over pirfenidone through the conversion of drug bioavailability under different routes of administration. A mechanistic study revealed that DR3penA increased the expression of aquaporin 5 (AQP5) by inhibiting the upregulation of miR-23b-5p and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, indicating that DR3penA may alleviate PF by regulating MAPK/miR-23b-5p/AQP5. Safety evaluation showed that DR3penA is a peptide drug without obvious toxicity or acute side effects and has significantly improved safety compared to DR8. Thus, our findings suggest that DR3penA, as a novel and low-toxic peptide, has the potential to be a leading compound for PF therapy, which provides a foundation for the development of peptide drugs for fibrosis-related diseases.

16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of Neuroform Atlas stent used in treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients with unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms undergoing Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling from August 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 aneurysms in those 62 patients. Among them, 25 aneurysms were located at the bifurcation of M1 segment on middle cerebral artery, 16 at the anterior communicating artery, 10 at the C7 segment of internal carotid artery, 5 at the C6 segment of internal carotid artery, 4 at the apex of basilar artery, 3 at the A3 segment of anterior cerebral artery, and 1 at the M2 segment of middle cerebral artery. All the patients underwent Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling, including 49 patients with single stent assisted coiling and 15 patients with dual stents assisted coiling (14"Y"style and 1"X"style). After the procedure, the immediate DSA was performed to evaluate the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency. The clinical follow-up was performed 3 months after the operation and evaluated based on the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).DSA image was reviewed at 6 months after operation and Raymond grading scale was used to assess the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 patients with 64 aneurysms were all achieved technical success(100%).The immediate post-procedural Raymond scale was assessed, including Raymond Ⅰ in 57 aneurysms(89.1%, 57/64), Raymond Ⅱ in 6 aneurysms(9.3%, 6/64) and Raymond Ⅲ in 1 aneurysm(1.6%, 1/64). The peri-procedural complications rate was 4.8%(3/62), 2 patients developed intraoperative thrombosis and 1 patient suffered from local subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 55 patients obtained 3 months clinical follow-up after operation and all the patients had good outcomes (mRS≤2), 50 patients with 52 aneurysms were followed up with DSA 6 months after operation, including Raymond Ⅰ in 45 aneurysms(86.5%, 45/52), Raymond Ⅱ in 4 aneurysms(7.7%, 4/52) and Raymond Ⅲ in 3 aneurysms(5.8%, 3/52).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuroform Atlas stent for the treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms has high safety and good efficacy, and has its advantages over other traditional stents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Cerebral Angiography
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4682-4693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008050

ABSTRACT

D-mannose has many functional activities and is widely used in food, medicine, agriculture and other industries. D-mannitol oxidase that can efficiently convert D-mannitol into D-mannose has potential application in the enzymatic preparation of D-mannose. A D-mannitol oxidase (PsOX) was found from Paenibacillus sp. HGF5. The similarity between PsOX and the D-mannitol oxidase (AldO) from Streptomyces coelicolor was 50.94%. The molecular weight of PsOX was about 47.4 kDa. A recombinant expression plasmid pET-28a-PsOX was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The Km and kcat/Km values of PsOX for D-mannitol were 5.6 mmol/L and 0.68 L/(s·mmol). Further characterization of PsOX showed its optimal pH and temperature were 7.0 and 35 ℃, respectively, while its enzyme activity could be stably remained below 60 ℃. The molar conversion rate of 400 mmol/L D-mannitol by PsOX was 95.2%. The whole cells of PsOX and AldO were used to catalyze 73 g/L D-mannitol respectively. The reaction catalyzed by PsOX completed in 9 h and 70 g/L D-mannose was produced. PsOX showed a higher catalytic efficiency compared to that of AldO. PsOX may facilitate the enzymatic preparation of D-mannose as a novel D-mannose oxidase.


Subject(s)
Recombinant Proteins/metabolism , Paenibacillus/metabolism , Mannose/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Mannitol/metabolism
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1832-1838, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007517

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Measuring the health of the population is of great significance to the development of a region. We aimed to estimate the population, probability of death, and quality of life in western China.@*METHODS@#We calculated the age-specific mortality rate and prevalence rate of diseases and injuries using the Full Population Database and the Home Page of Inpatient Medical Record. We used multiple interpolation methods to insert missing information from the death data and the model of Kannisto to adjust the mortality rate for elderly individuals. The age-specific prevalence rate of diseases and injuries was adjusted according to the standard ratio of age and methods of equal proportional allocation. Life expectancy was calculated by a life table, and the quality of life was estimated using the Sullivan method.@*RESULTS@#The total population continued to increase in 2015 to 2019 in the Shaanxi Province, China. The mortality rate of children under five has improved, and the mortality rate of people over 65 is decreasing year by year. Life expectancy increased from 74.66 years in 2015 to 77.19 years in 2019. Even with the total risk of disease and injury, the health-adjusted life expectancy increased by 1.90 years within 5 years, and the number of unhealthy years significantly improved. Health-adjusted life expectancy increased by 1.75 years when only considered the ten major disease systems (tumors; endocrinology, nutrition and metabolism; mental and behavioral disorders; nervous system; sensory diseases; circulatory system; respiratory system; digestive system; genitourinary system; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue), and the number of unhealthy years increased slightly.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the past five years, Shaanxi Province has made progress in improving life expectancy and controlling the development of chronic diseases. It is necessary to take specific preventive measures and improve the quality of basic public health services.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 46-56, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009817

ABSTRACT

The regulation of spermatogonial proliferation and apoptosis is of great significance for maintaining spermatogenesis. The single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis of the testis was performed to identify genes upregulated in spermatogonia. Using scRNA-seq analysis, we identified the spermatogonia upregulated gene origin recognition complex subunit 6 (Orc6), which is involved in DNA replication and cell cycle regulation; its protein expression in the human and mouse testis was detected by western blot and immunofluorescence. To explore the potential function of Orc6 in spermatogonia, the C18-4 cell line was transfected with control or Orc6 siRNA. Subsequently, 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EdU) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays, flow cytometry, and western blot were used to evaluate its effects on proliferation and apoptosis. It was revealed that ORC6 could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of C18-4 cells. Bulk RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis indicated that Orc6 was involved in the activation of wingless/integrated (Wnt)/ β-catenin signaling. Western blot revealed that the expression of β-catenin protein and its phosphorylation (Ser675) were significantly decreased when silencing the expression of ORC6. Our findings indicated that Orc6 was upregulated in spermatogonia, whereby it regulated proliferation and apoptosis by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 721-728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009423

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of sinomenine on bleomycin A5-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in rats and the underlying mechanism. Methods MRC-5 cells were cultured and treated with sinomenine to determine its optimal concentration and time through the MTT assay. Subsequently, MRC-5 cells were incubated with 80 μmol/L sinomenine for 48 hours or transfected with miR-21 mimic/a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif (ADAMTS-1) siRNA prior to sinomenine treatment. The expression of miR-21, ADAMTS-1, collagen type 1 (Col1) and collagen type 3 (Col3) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and/or Western blot analysis. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sinomenine group and sinomenine combined with miR-21 agomir group, with 10 animals in each group. Bleomycin A5 were intratracheally administered to establish the PF model. Then, rats in control group, sinomenine group and sinomenine +miR-21 agomir group were treated with 9 g/L sodium chloride solution, sinomenine and sinomenine+miR-21 agomir, respectively. On day 28, all rats were sacrificed. HE and Masson staining was performed in pulmonary tissue. The expression of ADAMTS-1, Col1 and Col3 in pulmonary tissue were detected by qRT-PCR and/or Western blot analysis. ELISA was used to measure serum procollagen type 1 carboxyterminal propeptide (P1CP) and procollagen type 3 aminoterminal propeptide (P3NP) levels. Results Administration of sinomenine decreased miR-21 levels, up-regulated ADAMTS-1 expression, and promoted Col1 and Col3 degradation in MRC-5 cells. Importantly, interfering with the miR-21/ADAMTS-1 signaling pathway partially reversed the promotive effect of sinomenine on Col1 and Col3 degradation. Treatment of SD rats with sinomenine reduced alveolitis and PF scores, decreased serum P1CP and P3NP levels, up-regulated pulmonary ADAMTS-1 expression, and down-regulated Col1 and Col3 expression. However, these effects were reversed by miR-21 agomir. Conclusion Sinomenine promotes Col1 and Col3 degradation and inhibits PF in rats by miR-21/ADAMTS-1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics , Procollagen/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Collagen Type III/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
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