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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879406


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective analysis was performed on 43 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis and lateral patellar compression syndrome treated by high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release. There were 15 males and 28 females, aged 53 to 72(62.05±5.17) years. The visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm, and the knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee pain and functional recovery before operation, 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation. And the congruence angle (CA), patellar tilt angle (PTA), and femala-tibial angle (FTA) were measured respectively before and 12 months after operation to evaluate the congruence of patellar joint, and the improvement of line of gravity of lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 43 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, with a follow-up time of 14 to 28 (19.60±4.50) months. The VAS scores decreased from 6.65±0.65 before operation to 2.16±0.95, 0.51±0.77 and 0.33±0.64 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release can relieve weight-bearing pain in frontal axis and improve the function of knee in sagittal axis.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872937


The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) concept that "different diseases may share the same TCM syndrome" is a unique theory explaining the relationship between diseases and TCM syndromes, which originally means that different diseases sharing the same TCM pathogenesis may develop the same syndrome. It accords with the theory of treatment based on syndrome differentiation. In clinical practices, this concept explains why the same herbal formula can be used to treat different diseases. With the development of a novel strategy to integrate the disease diagnosis and TCM syndrome differentiation, the meaning of "different diseases may share the same TCM syndrome" has also changed. It means that different diseases share the same TCM pathogenesis during their progression may show the same syndrome. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), hip osteoarthritis (HOA), and hip rheumatoid arthritis (HRA) are three different diseases that occur in the bones, cartilage, and synovium of the hip joint, respectively. However, they share similar clinical symptoms and TCM symptoms if they had progressed to the end-stage. In the end-stage of the disease, hip pain, restricted activity, signs of waist and knee pain, and weakened walking function, whether it is symptoms or signs or TCM syndromes, all show their similarities, reflecting the concept of different diseases may share the same TCM syndrome. This article discusses the similarity of the three diseases from the aspects of syndrome characteristics, radiographic findings, syndrome differentiation, etiology and pathogenesis, as well as clinical treatments. We found that, in addition to similar clinical signs and symptoms, the three hip osteoarthropathies in the end-stage see articular cartilage degeneration, joint space stenosis, joint effusion, synovial thickening, bone hyperplasia, and subchondral bone cystic degeneration, etc. similar X-ray performance, kidney sperm, bone marrow, only kidney sufficiency, muscles and bones can be filled with bone marrow, liver blood, main muscles, liver and blood are sufficient to support the muscles and bones, and the disease is in the advanced stage, ONFH, HOA and HRA are closely related to liver and kidney dysfunction. Insufficient liver and kidney, meridian muscle, and bone malnutrition are three common pathological mechanisms of late hip bone disease. Deficiency, waist and knee weakness, and weakness in walking have also become common symptoms. It not only provides a theoretical basis for the "same syndrome",but also helps the differential diagnosis of "different diseases", improves the fracture level of hip diseases, and enriches the connotation of "different diseases sharing the same syndrome" in Chinese medicine.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828270


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the cartilage regeneration in the knee joint by arthroscopy after high tibial osteotomy.@*METHODS@#Eleven patients were included in the study who were treated with high tibial osteotomy and underwent microscopy when the internal fixation was unloaded from September 2017 to September 2019. Among them, there were 2 males and 9 females, aged from 55 to 64 years old. The internal and external compartment pictures of the knee were taken before and after surgery of removing the internal fixation and the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grading systerm was used to evaluate the degree of cartilage damage on the medial and lateral femoralcondyles and tibial plateau. The Westrn Ontarioand Mcmaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the weight bearing line (WBL) were used to evaluate the function of the knee and the alignment of the lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 8 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, ranging from 12 to 22 months. The degenerated cartilage of the medial femoral condyle and medial tibial plateau was covered by newly regenerated cartilage. WOMAC score decreased from 102-127 to 41-52 and WBL was improved from 17%-34% to 58%-64%. All incisions healed in stageⅠ, and no complications such as internal fixation rupture and infection occurred during and after the operation.@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy can relieve the pain of the knee and the dysfunction by adjusting lower limb alignment, and the degenerated cartilage could be regenerated in the medial femoral condyle and medial tibial plateau.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Cartilage, Articular , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteotomy , Regeneration , Tibia , Treatment Outcome