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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771636

ABSTRACT

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision with primary suture? (3) Can VSD be used in severely contaminated/infected abdominal surgical sites? (4) Can VSD be used for temporary abdominal cavity closure under some special conditions such as severe abdominal trauma, infection, liver transplantation and intra-abdominal volume increment in abdominal compartment syndrome? (5) Can VSD be used in abdominal organ inflammation, injury, or postoperative drainage? (6) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intestinal fistula and pancreatic fistula? (7) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intra-abdominal and extra-peritoneal abscess? (8) Can VSD be used in the treatment of abdominal wall wounds, wound cavity, and defects? (9) Does VSD increase the risk of bleeding? (10) Does VSD increase the risk of intestinal wall injury? (11) Does VSD increase the risk of peritoneal adhesion? Focusing on these questions, evidence-based recommendations were given accordingly. VSD was strongly recommended regarding the questions 2-4. Weak recommendations were made regarding questions 1 and 5-11. Proper use of VSD in abdominal surgeries can lower the risk of infection in abdominal incisions with primary suture, treat severely contaminated/infected surgical sites and facilitate temporary abdominal cavity closure.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , General Surgery , China , Drainage , Methods , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Societies, Medical , Surgical Wound Infection , Traumatology , Vacuum
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691040

ABSTRACT

With the development of modern society, high-energy trauma has become an increasing tendency, which brings a great challenge for trauma care. A well-running trauma care system that is composed by pre-hospital and in-hospital care has been proved to decrease the death and disability rate of trauma patients. However, establishment of trauma care system in China is still at the initial stage. Trauma care systems in China and developed countries represented by the United States and Germany are introduced respectively in this article. Construction of regional and hierarchical trauma center, training of specific trauma care team and performance of integrative trauma rescue model are recommended in China.


Subject(s)
China , Emergency Medical Services , Humans , Trauma Centers , Traumatology , Education , Wounds and Injuries , Therapeutics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691039

ABSTRACT

Trauma is a life-threatening "modern disease". The outcomes could only be optimized by cost-efficient and prompt trauma care, which embarks on the improvement of essential capacities and conceptual revolution in addition to the disruptive innovation of the trauma care system. According to experiences from the developed countries, systematic trauma care training is the cornerstone of the generalization and the improvement on the trauma care, such as the Advance Trauma Life Support (ATLS). Currently, the pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) has been one of the essential elements of infrastructure of health services in China, which is also fundamental to the trauma care system. Hereby, the China Trauma Care Training (CTCT) with independent intellectual property rights has been initiated and launched by the Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association to extend the up-to-date concepts and techniques in the field of trauma care as well to reinforce the generally well-accepted standardized protocols in the practices. This article reviews the current status of the trauma care system as well as the trauma care training.


Subject(s)
China , Emergency Medical Services , Humans , Life Support Care , Traumatology , Education , Wounds and Injuries , Therapeutics
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 160-163, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235758

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Early intramedullary nailing (IMN) within the first 24 h for multiply injured patients with femoral fracture and concomitant thoracic trauma is controversial. Previously published studies have been limited in size and their outcomes have been inconclusive. A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the available data in order to guide care and help improve the outcomes for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the literature up to December 2011 in the main medical search engines and identified 6 retrospective cohort studies that explored the safety of early IMN in patients with both femoral fracture and chest injury. Our primary outcome was the rates of pulmonary complication (pneumonia, adult respiratory distress syndrome, fat embolism syndrome), multiple organ failure (MOF) and mortality.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We found no statistically significant difference in the rate of pulmonary complications, MOF or mortality in the patients treated with early IMN.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early IMN for femoral fractures does not increase the mortality and morbidity in chest- injured patients in the studies analyzed.</p>


Subject(s)
Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Mortality , Humans , Multiple Organ Failure , Epidemiology , Pneumonia , Epidemiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Epidemiology , Thoracic Injuries , General Surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241002

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical effect of manipulative reduction and percutaneous K-wires fixation in treating supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From July 2010 to December 2012, clinical data of 52 children with supracondylar fractures of the humerus, which treated with manipulative reduction and percutaneous K-wires fixation, were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 35 males and 17 females with an average age of 6.7 (ranged from 2.5 to 12) years old. All fractures were type Garland II - III fractures, and 51 cases were extension type and 1 case were flexion type. Flynn evaluation standard of elbow performance score were applied to evaluate clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with average of 16 months. According to Flynn evaluation standard of elbow performance score, 41 cases obtained excellent result, 8 good and 3 moderate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Manipulative reduction and percutaneous K-wires fixation for the treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children has many advantages, such as minimally invasive, rapid recovery, stable fixation. It could prevent osteofascial compartment syndrome, Volkmann Contracture and cubitus varus.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Humerus , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351090

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play a crucial role in T cell dysfunction, which is related to poor outcome in patients with severe trauma. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) contributes to immune disorder in trauma and infection via production of prostaglandin E2. However, the role of Cox-2 in the accumulation and function of MDSCs after traumatic stress has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we treated murine trauma model with NS398, a selective Cox-2 inhibitor. Then the percentages of CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells, proliferation and apoptosis of CD4+ T cells were determined. Arginase activity and arginase-1 (Arg-1) protein expression of splenic CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells, and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response were analyzed. The results showed that Cox-2 blockade significantly decreased the percentages of CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells in the spleen and bone marrow 48 and 72 h after traumatic stress. NS398 inhibited arginase activity and down-regulated the Arg-1 expression of splenic CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells. Moreover, NS398 could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of CD4+ T cells. It also restored DTH response of traumatic mice. Taken together, our data revealed that Cox-2 might play a pivotal role in the accumulation and function of MDSC after traumatic stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Arginase , CD11b Antigen , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Mice , Myeloid Progenitor Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitrobenzenes , Stress Disorders, Traumatic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Sulfonamides
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636680

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play a crucial role in T cell dysfunction, which is related to poor outcome in patients with severe trauma. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) contributes to immune disorder in trauma and infection via production of prostaglandin E2. However, the role of Cox-2 in the accumulation and function of MDSCs after traumatic stress has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we treated murine trauma model with NS398, a selective Cox-2 inhibitor. Then the percentages of CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells, proliferation and apoptosis of CD4+ T cells were determined. Arginase activity and arginase-1 (Arg-1) protein expression of splenic CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells, and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response were analyzed. The results showed that Cox-2 blockade significantly decreased the percentages of CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells in the spleen and bone marrow 48 and 72 h after traumatic stress. NS398 inhibited arginase activity and down-regulated the Arg-1 expression of splenic CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells. Moreover, NS398 could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of CD4+ T cells. It also restored DTH response of traumatic mice. Taken together, our data revealed that Cox-2 might play a pivotal role in the accumulation and function of MDSC after traumatic stress.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a kind of emergency treatment for cardiopulmonary arrest, and chest compression is the most important and necessary part of CPR. The American Heart Association published the new Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care in 2010 and demanded for better performance of chest compression practice, especially in compression depth and rate. The current study was to explore the relationship of quality indexes of chest compression and to identify the key points in chest compression training and practice.METHODS: Totally 219 healthcare workers accepted chest compression training by using Laerdal ACLS advanced life support resuscitation model. The quality indexes of chest compression, including compression hands placement, compression rate, compression depth, and chest wall recoil as well as self-reported fatigue time were monitored by the Laerdal Computer Skills and Reporting System.RESULTS: The quality of chest compression was related to the gender of the compressor. The indexes in males, including self-reported fatigue time, the accuracy of compression depth and the compression rate, the accuracy of compression rate, were higher than those in females. However, the accuracy of chest recoil was higher in females than in males. The quality indexes of chest compression were correlated with each other. The self-reported fatigue time was related to all the indexes except the compression rate.CONCLUSION: It is necessary to offer CPR training courses regularly. In clinical practice, it might be better to change the practitioner before fatigue, especially for females or weak practitioners. In training projects, more attention should be paid to the control of compression rate, in order to delay the fatigue, guarantee enough compression depth and improve the quality of chest compression.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 650-654, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) on variation of oxygen partial pressure (PtO2) and vascularization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 12 cases of rabbit's wound models were undergoing the VSD (vacuum group, n = 6) or conventional therapy (conventional group, n = 6). Variation of PtO2 was measured by oxygen partial pressure admeasuring apparatus, expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) mRNA was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, content of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was measured by ELISA after tissue homogenate in 7 days. Vascular endothelial cell (VEC) and new blood capillary (NBC) of hematoxylin-eosin slice of tissue were counted by using light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Average value of PtO2 of vacuum group was significant lower than conventional group (t = -99.780 to -5.305, P < 0.01). Expression of HIF-1α (30 minutes, 1, 6, 12 hours were 3.11 ± 0.07, 3.68 ± 0.26, 4.16 ± 0.13 and 3.91 ± 0.26 respectively) and content of VEGF (30 minutes, 1, 6, 12 hours were 103.3 ± 2.4, 134.2 ± 9.0, 167.8 ± 3.8 and 232.1 ± 9.5 respectively) of vacuum group were increased after 30 minutes and significant lower than conventional group (t = 13.038 - 80.208, P < 0.01), and both of them were reduced after 24 hours (P < 0.05). Counting numbers of VEC (2.47 ± 0.45 to 4.70 ± 0.38) and NBC (1.33 ± 0.49 to 4.33 ± 0.68) of vacuum group were increased at the same time-point and significant higher than conventional group (t = -0.670 to 16.500, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PtO2 of wound surface could be reduced significantly by VSD. Expression of HIF-1α and content of VEGF were increased by VSD for enhancing differentiated state of VEC and construction of NBC, which were better for vascularization and wound healing.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Male , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Oxygen , Metabolism , Partial Pressure , Rabbits , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the features, treatment outcomes and reasons for misdiagnosis in patients with multiple trauma, so as to decrease the incidence of misdiagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 3 163 patients with multiple trauma who were admitted in our department from August 1997 to August 2008, were retrospectively studied to compare the features of diagnosis and treatment. There were 2 117 males (66.93%) and 1 046 females (33.07%) with the mean age of 36.46 years (range, 14-80 years). Parameters such as general status, traumatic condition, diagnosis and treatment situation, prognosis and mortality were analyzed. The differences between misdiagnosis group and correct diagnosis group were compared in terms of severity of injury, complications and treatment outcomes to elucidate the cause and prevention of misdiagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The misdiagnosis rate of multiple trauma in this study was 16.19%. The major anatomic sites misdiagnosed were limbs and pelvis (299 positions, 39.50%), abdominal region and pelvic organ (148 positions, 19.55%), and thoracic region (109 positions, 14.40%). In misdiagnosis group, ISS, length of hospital stay, rates of disturbance of consciousness, critical cases and shock cases were 33.78+/-19.64, (23.59+/-7.26) days, 49.22%, 33.01% and 47.46%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the correct diagnosis group (P less than 0.01). And the data showed that the more serious the injury was, the higher the rate of misdiagnosis would be. The rate of primary diagnosis by trauma surgeons in correct diagnosis group was 75.78%, significantly higher than that of the misdiagnosis group (X(2) equal to 382.01, P less than 0.01). The mortality rate of the misdiagnosis group was 2.93%, which was significantly higher than that for all patients (X(2) equal to 5.22, P less than 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results indicated that patients with severe multiple trauma are at high risk of misdiagnosis in early treatment. The mortality rate of misdiagnosed patients is higher than the correctly-diagnosed patients. To prevent misdiagnosis, physicians need to take great care to conduct thorough clinical examinations and repeated evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , Diagnosis , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 304-308, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334577

ABSTRACT

Posterior lumbopelvic fixation with iliac screws is the most commonly used method for unstable spinopelvic injuries. It has certain limitations including inability to use distraction along the spinopelvic rod as an indirect reduction maneuver, need for complex 3-dimensional rod contouring and complications such as hardware prominence and soft tissue coverage. In the present case report, we described a surgical technique of lumbopelvic fixation with sacral alar screws for traumatic spinopelvic instability resulted from a unilateral Denis-III comminuted sacral fracture and the L5 burst fracture. On the opposite side of the sacral fracture, caudal screws were implanted into the pedicle of the S1, whereas on the side of sacral fracture, two sacral alar screws were placed parallel to the superior sacral endplate as well as the plane of sacroiliac joint. In addition, horizontal stabilization was conducted with cross-link connections to maintain the longitudinal traction. For sacral fracture associated with traumatic spinopelvic instability, this modified lumbopelvic fixation technique using sacral alar screws makes longitudinal reduction easier, requires less rod contouring, and reduces hardware prominence without compromising the stability.


Subject(s)
Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Fractures, Comminuted , Humans , Sacrum , General Surgery , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 296-298, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of operative timing on the prognosis of patients with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) in order to provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 202 patients with ASDH undergoing operations were collected, and the mortalities and functional survival rates were analyzed 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours after injury.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant difference was found in mortalities and functional survival rates at different operative timings. However, there was a clear trend that the shorter the operative timing was, the lower the mortality and the higher functional survival rate were. In addition, the mean time from injury to operation of non-survivors was significantly longer than that of survivors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Operative timing has potential influences on the prognosis of patients with ASDH. Surgical evacuation of ASDH should be performed as soon as possible once the operation indication emerges.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Hematoma, Subdural, Acute , Mortality , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Time Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 323-327, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239746

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the variation and significance of natural killer T (NKT) cells in patients with severe multiple injuries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood was drawn from 30 patients with severe multiple injuries and 20 healthy individuals. NKT cells and the subsets of NKT cells were stained and analyzed on fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) using Cellquest software. The level of IL-4 and IFN-gamma in blood serum was detected by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of NKT cells was significantly increased. CD4+ NKT cells was increased (t equal to -3.11, P less than 0.01) and CD4+CD8+NKT (double negative NKT, DN NKT) cells decreased in patients with severe multiple injuries compared with healthy controls (t equal to 2.99, P less than 0.01). There was a positive correlation between the proportion of NKT cells and injury severity score (ISS) by Spearman correlation analysis (r equal to 0.70, P less than 0. 01). The level of IFN-gamma was significantly decreased and the level of IL-4 significantly increased in patients with severe multiple injuries.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We demonstrate that human NKT cells are increased in trauma patients. Most significantly, there is an association between ISS and NKT cells. The increased CD4+NKT cells may contribute to the reduction of Th1 cytokine production and the growth of Th2 cytokine production, leading to the suppression of immunity after injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Blood , Humans , Multiple Trauma , Allergy and Immunology , Natural Killer T-Cells , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Trauma Severity Indices
14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 211-214, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257414

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of arginine enriched enteral nutrition (EN) on nutritional status and cellular immunity of severely burned patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized, single blind, parallel and positive control investigation was employed in the study. Thirty severely burned patients were divided into enteral immune nutrition (EIN) group and EN group. Sixteen patients in EIN group received enteral nutrition enriched with arginine, while the other 14 patients in EN group received standard enteral nutrition. Nutritional support was continued for 14 days. Gastrointestinal reaction of patients in 2 groups was observed. Fasting venous blood was drawn from patients of both groups before receiving nutrition treatment and on the morning of 7th, 14th day of treatment. Level of serum protein, hepatic function parameters, renal function parameters, fasting-blood glucose, and subpopulations of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Incidence of gastrointestinal side effect in EIN group (25.0%) was close to that of EN group (21.4% , P > 0.05). (2) Compared with pre-treatment days, levels of prealbumin and transferrin in serum of patients in 2 groups on 7th and 14th post-treatment days were significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference between 2 groups. The level of total serum protein on 14th day of treatment of patients was significantly increased in both groups, and that of EIN group (66 +/- 7 g/L) was significantly higher compared with that in EN group (64 +/- 11 g/L, P < 0.05). The level of serum albumin (29 +/- 5, 32 +/- 5 g/L, respectively) of patients in EIN group on 7th and 14th day of treatment were significantly higher than that (26 +/- 4 g/L, P < 0.05) in pre-treatment days, however there was no significant difference in EN group. (3) There was no significant difference in respect of hepatic function, renal function, and fasting-blood glucose between pre-treatment and post-treatment periods in both groups (P > 0.05). (4) The ratio of CD4(+), CD8(+) on 14th day of treatment in EIN group was close to that of pretreatment level. In EN group, cell percentage of CD4(+) significantly decreased, while that of CD8(+) significantly increased (P < 0.05), and CD4(+) was significantly higher [(56 +/- 8)%] in EIN group than that in EN group [(55 +/- 12)%, P < 0.05]. In both groups, cell percentage of CD3(+) was significantly higher than that in pre-treatment days (P < 0.05), while there was no obvious change in CD4(+)/CD8(+).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Arginine enriched enteral nutrition can effectively improve nutritional status and cellular immune function of burn patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arginine , Burns , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Female , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 51-53, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression profile of human soluble triggering receptor on myeloid cell-1 (sTREM-1) in patients with multiple trauma and determine its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood of 52 patients admitted to the hospital from October 2007 to January 2008 with multiple traumas with injury severity score (ISS) > or = 16 and 7 healthy volunteers were obtained, and sera samples were isolated. sTREM-1 was determined by semi-quantitative immunoblot technique. TNF-alpha and C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>sTREM-1 of patients with multiple traumas was significantly increased as compared with that of control (P < 0.001), and sTREM-1 of ISS > or = 25 group was significantly higher than that of 16 < or = ISS < 25 group (P < 0.05). sTREM-1 level correlated closely with TNF-alpha level (r = 0.845, P < 0.05), but did not correlate with CRP (r = 0.426, P > 0.05). In patients with sepsis, sTREM-1 on 1, 2 and 7 d was (25.1 +/- 2.2), (31.9 +/- 2.6) and (25.2 +/- 1.9) ng/L, respectively. In patients without sepsis, sTREM-1 on 1, 2 and 7 d was (15.8 +/- 1.3), (24.2 +/- 2.0) and (13.9 +/- 1.5) ng/L, respectively. sTREM-1 of patients with sepsis was significantly higher than that of patients without sepsis (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum sTREM-1 correlates closely with ISS, TNF-alpha and onset of sepsis, indicating that it may play an important role in the development of sepsis in patients with multiple traumas.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins , Blood , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Myeloid Cells , Metabolism , Receptors, Immunologic , Blood , Sepsis , Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells-1 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229952

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations, treatment, complications, and prognosis of patients with multiple injuries.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical data, including the causes of injury, treatment, complications, causes of death, and mortality rate, of 4519 patients were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The major causes of injury were road traffic injury (2410 cases, 53.33%), violence injury (747 cases, 16.53%), and high falling injury (575 cases, 12.72%). The main involved positions included head (2247 cases, 18.71%), abdominal region and pelvis (2118 cases, 17.64%), and thoracic region (1853 cases, 15.43%). The major complications were shock (1497 cases, 33.13%). The main cause of death was sepsis with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome/failure (28 cases, 82.35%) after multiple injuries, significant higher than other causes in the same period (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The multiple injuries have various causes of disease, and were complicated with their diverse clinical manifestations, numerous complications, and high mortalities. Further research on the integrated rescue mortality is required.</p>


Subject(s)
Emergency Medical Services , Humans , Multiple Trauma , Mortality , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
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