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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921768

ABSTRACT

This study systematically reviewed the existing research on Danhong Injection in the treatment of stroke with blood stasis syndrome. The methods of evidence-based medicine, epidemiology, clinical medicine, evidence-based pharmacy, drug economics, mathematical statistics, and health technology assessment(HTA) were employed to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the "6+1" dimensions(safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine) of Danhong Injection through questionnaire survey, public information, real world data, and secondary evaluation of literature. With the weights given by experts, the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was employed to measure each dimension and highlight the clinical value of Danhong Injection. Multi-source safety evidence showed that Danhong Injection had been fully monitored and studied. The severity of adverse reactions was mostly moderate or mild, and the prognosis was good. So it was rated as grade A for safety. Compared with Ligustrazine Injection, Fufang Danshen Injection and conventional treatment of western medicine, Danhong Injection had obvious advantages in clinical response rate and NIHSS score improvement in the treatment of stroke with blood stasis syndrome. So it was rated as grade A for effectiveness. Compared with Ligustrazine Injection and Yinxing Damo Injection, Danhong Injection had a cost-effectiveness advantage in the treatment of stroke with blood stasis syndrome, and the economic results were good. According to the existing evidence, the Danhong Injection was rated as grade B for economy. Danhong Injection had won a number of national patents, which was rated as grade A for its good innovation in guaranteeing supply measures, scalability of production capacity, and production process. It had good suitability for clinicians, nurses, pharmacists, and patients using the drug, and met the needs of clinical medication, so it was rated as grade B for suitability. Danhong Injection is rich in medicinal materials, stable in price, and sustainable. However, its availability needed to be further improved due to the limitation of prescription use, so it was rated as grade B for accessibility. Danhong Injection can promote blood circulation, resolve blood stasis, warm vessels, and smooth collaterals. It had accumulated more than 30 000 pieces of empirical evidence for human use in the real world. It had prominent characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine and was rated as grade B. CSC v2.0 was used for calculation, and the clinical value of Danhong Injection was comprehensively evaluated as class A, which could be directly translated into relevant policy results of basic clinical medication management according to the Guidelines for the Management Clinical Comprehensive Evaluation of Drugs(trial version 2021).


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888036

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs , Stroke
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888035

ABSTRACT

There have been many clinical trials, systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving that Xingnaojing Injection has a good clinical efficacy in treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke, but with fewer comprehensive descriptions. In this study, an overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection in treating cerebral ischaemic stroke was performed to provide current situation of evidences and basis for clinical practice. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science were retrieved through computers. A total of 6 literatures were included in this study. By AMSTAR-2 checklist and GRADE, the quality of included systematic reviews and the efficacy of Xingnaojing Injection were evaluated. The results of AMSTAR-2 checklist showed an extremely low quality for all of the 6 systematic reviews. According to the results of GRADE evaluation, among 55 outcomes, there were 2 outcomes with a medium quality, 4 outcomes with a low quality and 49 outcomes with an extremely low quality. The 6 systematic reviews reached a consistent conclusion that Xingnaojing Injection was effective in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke. This therapy could improve the total efficacy, neurological deficit scores, hemodynamic and hemodynamic parameters. However, the methodolo-gical quality of all literatures was extremely low. The evidence levels of outcomes were between extremely low to medium. The effectiveness of Xingnaojing Injection in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke still needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies. In the future, relevant clinical studies and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis shall be carried out in a strict accordance with relevant regulations.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/drug therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888033

ABSTRACT

To analyze the use of outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in recent three years, so as to provide a basis for building a study on the core outcome indicators for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture. The RCTs of acupuncture treatment for acute ischemic stroke in recent three years were collec-ted through computer retrieval of eight Chinese and English databases and two clinical trial registries at home and abroad. Literature was screened out, and data was extracted. Risk of assessment bias tool Cochrane 6.1 was used for bias risk assessment, outcome indicators were summarized and analyzed. A total of 47 RCTs were included, and 3 studies were trials registration scheme. Outcome indicators were divided into 6 categories according to functional attributes, namely physical symptoms/signs, physical and chemical examination, quality of life, traditional Chinese medicine symptoms/syndromes, safety events and long-term prognosis. The study found that in addition to the common problems in previous studies covered by the status quo of outcome indicators selection of RCT of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, there were also the other problems as follows: emphasis on macroscopic efficacy indicators but neglect of acupuncture specific indicators, lack of characteristic indicators and economic indicators of traditional Chinese medicine therapy, and unification of indicators measurement tool and measurement time point. In the future, the outcome indicators set for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture shall be established, and the core outcome indicators set shall be in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Method:Seven databases, including CNKI, WanFang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, The Cochrane library and ClinicalTrials.gov, were electronically searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM in the treatment of PSCI. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies, descriptive analysis was carried out on the included studies, and the Meta quantitative analysis was carried out with RevMan 5.3 software. Result:A total of 16 RCTs were included with 1 296 participants, and they were assigned to the intervention group (n=649) and the control group (n=647). The results showed that TCM combined with western medicine group and TCM group were better than western medicine group in improving the scores of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Barthel Index (BI), Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Chinese stroke scale (CSS) and National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) of PSCI patients, and no serious adverse events were observed. Conclusion:TCM has potential advantages in improving the cognitive function of patients with PSCI, and it also has certain efficacy in improving the daily living ability and neurological impairment symptoms, and no serious adverse events have been observed. Due to the low quality of methodology included in the studies, in order to provide reliable basis for clinical decision-making, high-quality of RCTs are still needed to study the efficacy and safety of TCM for PSCI.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773209

ABSTRACT

Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection( DKI) is widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarction,coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Long-term clinical application and related research evidence showed that DKI has a good effect in improving the clinical symptoms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,this injection has not been included in any clinical practice guideline. It has been found that the use of DKI is in wrong way in clinical practice in recent years. Therefore,clinical experts from the field of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases nationwide are invited to compile this expert consensus in order to guide clinicians.GRADE system is used to grade the quality of evidence according to different outcomes according to degrading factors. Then it forms the recommendation or consensus suggestion through the nominal group method. The formation of expert consensus mainly considers six factors: quality of evidence,economy,efficacy,adverse reactions,patient acceptability and others. Based on these six aspects,if the evidence is sufficient,a " recommendation" supported by evidence is formed,and GRADE grid voting rule is adopted. If the evidence is insufficient,a " consensus suggestions" will be formed,using the majority voting rule. In this consensus,the clinical indications,efficacy,safety evidences and related preliminary data of DKI were systematically and comprehensively summarized in a concise and clear format,which could provide valuable reference for the clinical use of DKI. This consensus has been approved by China association of Chinese medicine which is numbered GS/CACM 202-2019.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , China , Consensus , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
8.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 186-200, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To treat patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment (VMCI) using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it is necessary to classify the patients into TCM syndrome types and to apply different treatments to different types. In this paper, we investigate how to properly carry out the classification for patients with VMCI aged 50 or above using a novel data-driven method known as latent tree analysis (LTA).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A cross-sectional survey on VMCI was carried out in several regions in Northern China between February 2008 and February 2012 which resulted in a data set that involves 803 patients and 93 symptoms. LTA was performed on the data to reveal symptom co-occurrence patterns, and the patients were partitioned into clusters in multiple ways based on the patterns. The patient clusters were matched up with syndrome types, and population statistics of the clusters are used to quantify the syndrome types and to establish classification rules.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight syndrome types are identified: Qi deficiency, Qi stagnation, Blood deficiency, Blood stasis, Phlegm-dampness, Fire-heat, Yang deficiency, and Yin deficiency. The prevalence and symptom occurrence characteristics of each syndrome type are determined. Quantitative classification rules are established for determining whether a patient belongs to each of the syndrome types.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A solution for the TCM syndrome classification problem for patients with VMCI and aged 50 or above is established based on the LTA of unlabeled symptom survey data. The results can be used as a reference in clinic practice to improve the quality of syndrome differentiation and to reduce diagnosis variances across physicians. They can also be used for patient selection in research projects aimed at finding biomarkers for the syndrome types and in randomized control trials aimed at determining the efficacy of TCM treatments of VMCI.</p>

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-464, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of miR-150-5p in cell proliferation and apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cell lines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of miR-150-5p in pancreatic cancer was detected by real time qPCR analysis in 11 pairs of pancreatic cancer tissue and matched adjacent normal tissue samples and in 4 pancreatic cancer cell lines. PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2,BxPC-3 and AsPC-1 cells were transfected with chemically synthesized MiR-150-5p mimics, and CCK-8 assays was then performed to assess cellular functions. To fully understand the mechanisms by which miR-150-5p exerted its function, cell cycle analysis was performed on MIA PaCa-2 and PANC-1 cells 48 hours after transfection, by incubating with propidium iodide (PI)and subsequently analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) . Apoptosis assay was performed on MIA PaCa-2 and PANC-1 cell lines 24 hours after transfection using the Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis Detection Kit I (BD Biosciences) and analyzed by FACS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-150-5p was consistently lower in the pancreatic cancer tissues than in normal tissues, and the miR-150-5p was also down-regulated in pancreatic cancer cell lines (P < 0.05) . MiR-150-5p mimics transfection significantly raised the expression level of miR-150-5p mRNA in PANC-1 and MIA PaCa-2 (P < 0.01) . The CCK-8 proliferation assay showed that cell growth was reduced in 4 pancreatic cancer cell lines (AsPC-1, BxPC-3,MIA PaCa-2, PANC-1) of miR-150-5p transfected cells compared with NC-transfected cells. The inhibition rates were 50.7%, 48.6%, 30.8% and 42.3%, respectively (P < 0.01). The apoptotic rate was increased in cells transfected with miR-150-5p mimics (P < 0.01) . The cell cycle analysis in MIA PaCa-2 indicated that miR-150-5p treatment induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase with a significant increase in the percentage of cells in G1 phase (P < 0.01), and a reduction of the S-phase cell population in MIA PaCa-2 and PANC-1 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MiR-150-5p is down-regulated in pancreatic cancer. Over-expression of miR-150-5p inhibits cell proliferation, blocked the cell cycle, but promotes cell apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Transfection
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252514

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the syndrome factors of leukoaraiosis patients with mild cognitive impairment (LACI), thus providing evidence for syndrome typing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The prospective schedule was adopted including 103 LACI patients (as the LACI group) and 100 leukoaraiosis patients without mild cognitive impairment (as the control group). Syndrome factors were extracted from the patients' symptoms with frequency statistics and factor analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen common factors were extracted from the LACI group, and 12 common factors from the control group. After analyzed the distribution of syndrome factors in the LACI group, the most common factors were ranked as follows: yang deficiency (33.98%), phlegm (22.33%), yin deficiency (19.42%), qi deficiency (10.68%), fire (9.71%), blood deficiency and blood stasis (3.88%). As for the control group, the most common factors were ranked as follows: yang deficiency (31.00%), qi deficiency (27.00%), yin deficiency and fire (24.00%), blood deficiency and blood stasis (12.00%), phlegm and yang deficiency and blood deficiency (6.00%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The main syndrome factors of LACI were yang deficiency, phlegm, yin deficiency, and fire. The secondary syndrome factors were qi deficiency, blood deficiency, and blood stasis. It was mainly involved with Shen and Pi, with secondary organs as Gan and Xin. Deficiency syndrome is its pathogenesis. Phlegm and fire, and other pathological factors are essential for its development and aggravation, with more syndrome factors accompanied in complex condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Cognition Disorders , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Leukoaraiosis , Diagnosis , Psychology , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
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