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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879003


Arecae Semen, as the first place among "Four South Medicines" in China, has great dual-use value of medicine and food. The research of Arecae Semen was mainly focused on the active ingredients and efficacy value, and its potential safety hazards were also concerned. Until now, there is still a lack of clear boundaries between medicine and food, resulting in its safety cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, it is of great significance to establish clear boundaries of medicine and food use and health risk assessment. In this paper, the differences of pretreatment and application methods of Arecae Semen were analyzed, and the research progress of Arecae Semen in chemical composition identification and toxicology research and safety evaluation were reviewed emphatically. Finally, the differences of quality control and safety evaluation of Arecae Semen in pharmacopoeias or standards were analyzed at home and abroad. It was expected to provide reference value for quality control, safety evaluation and international standardization research of Arecae Semen.

Areca , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Seeds , Semen
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 517-523, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245052


A method was developed for the determination of ochratoxin A (OTA) in human urine by HPLC-FLD after molecularly imprinted polymer solid phase extraction (MIP-SPE) column. After the pH being adjusted to 2.5 with 0.1 mol x L(-1) HC1, sample was cleaned up with MIP-SPE column for ochratoxin A, the analyte was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD), and finally all the positive results were confirmed by LC-MS/MS. Recoveries from urine samples spiked with OTA at levels ranging from 2 to 20 ng x mL(-1) were 90.6%-101.9%, and RSDs were 0.1%-1.6%. Sixty-five volunteers living in Beijing took part in the study, of which 5 were found containing OTA in their urine and the highest value was 0.091 ng x mL(-1). The MIP-SPE column was firstly applied to purify and concentrate OTA in human urine, this method is simple, rapid and reliable and can be used to determine the contents of OTA in human urine.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Molecular Imprinting , Ochratoxins , Urine , Polymers , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Solid Phase Extraction
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 305-307, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293125


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the methods of lesion localization and surgical treatment for non-palpable breast cancer, presented with only small calcification lesion on the images.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2003 to August 2007, 61 patients with non-palpable lesion were finally pathologically diagnosed as early breast cancer (T1-2N0M0), based on the small calcification lesions shown by full field digital mammography (FFDM) through molybdenum target, and the rich blood supply shown by type-B ultrasonic examination. Accurate lesion-localization prior to surgical resection was conducted, and sample re-examination by FFDM was done after resection. Patients with single lesion underwent breast-conserving surgery, precise excision with the aid of image-guided wire localization, and stage I breast reconstruction was performed simultaneously using wide-based gland-tissue flap. Patients with multiple lesions received modified radical mastectomy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 50 patients treated with breast-conserving surgery, the accuracy of localization for lesions was 100% (50/50), and all lesions were excised completely with a negative margin proven by FFDM re-examination and pathological examination. The superior rate of mammaplasty was 86.0% (43/50) according to JCRT criteria, with a compliance difference of 1.5 cm. Modified radical mastectomy was performed in 11 patients. The follow-up period in this series was from 6 to 58 months with a mean follow-up time of 39 months. Distant metastases were detected in only one patient and local recurrence was not observed yet.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lesion localization by FFDM in patients with non-palpable breast cancer is accurate and practical. In patients with single lesion, breast-conserving resection followed by synchronous stage I breast reconstruction with wide-based gland-tissue flap is appropriate.</p>

Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoma in Situ , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mammography , Methods , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Mastectomy, Segmental , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Palpation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347811


The aim was to determine RHD zygosity, further to investigate genetic structure of RHD gene, and to predict hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN). The upstream box, downstream box, and hybrid box of RHD gene were determined by PCR-SSP with 4 primers under the same conditions. The results showed that only hybrid box could be determined in RHD(-)/RHD(-) homozygosity. All the upstream box, downstream box, and hybrid box could be determined in RHD(+)/RHD(-) heterozygosity, while upstream box and downstream box except hybrid box could be determined in RHD(+)/RHD(+) homozygosity. Out of 50 cases of RhD(+), 5 cases (10%) were RHD(+)/RHD(-) heterozygosity, and the others (90%) were RHD(+)/RHD(+) homozygosity. 54 cases (55.1%), 36 cases (36.7%) and 8 cases (8.2%) were RHD(-)/RHD(-) homozygosity, RHD(+)/RHD(-) heterozygosity, and RHD(+)/RHD(+) homozygosity respectively in 98 unrelated cases of RhD(-) Chinese Hans. 2 cases of weak D were proved to be RHD(+)/RHD(-) heterozygosity. Out of 16 D(el) types, the upstream box, downstream box, and hybrid box could be determined in 10 cases (37.5%) and the upstream box and downstream box except hybrid box could be determined in 6 cases. Results detecting of RHD 10 exons in above samples proved the correctness of the method. It is concluded that the method is suitable for clinical application with its simplicity and veracity. There are many noneffective RHD genes (44.9%) in Chinese Hans with RhD(-) phenotype.

Genotype , Humans , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Genetics