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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698502

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The treatment of degenerative knee osteoarthritis is mainly to relieve pain, restore knee function, improve quality of life, delay knee replacement, and reduce the number of revisions. Knee replacement is currently the most common treatment for this disease, but it costs much, has great trauma and high risk, often results in prosthesis loosening and peripheral infection, and has many adverse reactions. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that knee-preserving arthroscopic debridement for treatment of knee degenerative osteoarthritis in the elderly patients costs less, is effective, safe, and reliable. METHODS: A total of 212 elderly patients (knees) with degenerative knee osteoarthritis who receive treatment in the Second Hospital of Chaoyang (Liaoning Province, China) will be included in this study. These patients will be assigned to two groups according to patient's conditions and wishes (n = 106/group). In the control group, intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate will be performed, followed by oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, conventional physiotherapy, and quadriceps functional exercise. In the arthroscopic debridement group, arthroscopic debridement will be performed followed by oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, conventional physiotherapy, and quadriceps functional exercise. All patients will be followed up for 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The primary outcome measure is the percentage of the number of patients with Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score ≥ 85 points at 2 years after surgery, which will be used to evaluate knee function recovery. The secondary outcome measures are the percentage of the number of patients with HSS knee score ≥ 85 points before surgery, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after surgery; HSS score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), knee range of motion, hospitalization costs, and knee X-ray morphology before surgery, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery, medical costs after 2 years of treatment, incidence of adverse reactions at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after surgery. Findings from this study will reveal whether arthroscopic debridement for the treatment of degenerative knee osteoarthritis in the elderly patients has advantages of less adverse reactions, low treatment costs, and can effectively restore knee function. This trial has been approved by the Second Hospital of Chaoyang, Liaoning Province, China (approval number:2017-08-01).All protocols will be in accordance with Declaration of Helsinki,formulated by the World Medical Association.Written informed consent will be provided by participants. This trial was designed in June 2017. The recruitment of subjects and data collection will begin in June 2018. The recruitment of subjects will be finished in December 2018. Outcome measures will be analyzed in June 2021. This trial will be completed in August 2021. The results of the trial will be reported in a scientific conference or disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal. This trial had been registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR1800015208). The version of this study protocol is (1.0).

2.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 488-491, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of EV71 antagonizing IFN signaling pathway.Methods: RD cells were infected or un-infected with EV71.Then the cells were treated with or without IFN-β.The four groups (the control group,the EV71 group,the IFN-β group,the EV71+IFN-β group) were detected by molecular biology techniques.The expression of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) were detected by Real-time PCR,while the protein levels of STAT1 and IRF9 were examined by Western blot assay.By preparing the cytosolic and nuclear fractions,the translocation of p-STAT1 was monitored through Western blot assay.Results:Compared with the IFN-β group,the mRNA level of OAS1,MX1 and ISG54 in the EV71+IFN-β group was down regulated by 47%, 50% and 48%,respectively,indicating that EV71 inhibited the expression of ISGs.The results also showed that EV71 did not effect the protein level and phosphorylation of STAT1.Moreover,we found that p-STAT1 was translocated into neuclear in IFN-β group,while p-STAT1 was located in the cytoplasm in the EV71+IFN-β group.And the expression of IRF9 was boviously down regulated in EV71+IFN-β group compared with that in IFN-β group,suggesting that EV71 blocked the expression of IRF9 induced by IFN-β.Conclusion:EV71 inhibited the IFN signaling pathway by downregulating the expression of IRF9 induced by IFN-β.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of subarachnoid nerve block anesthesia on glutamate transporter glutamate-aspartate transporter (GLAST) and GLT-1 expressions in rabbits, and to investigate the effect of peripheral nerve anesthesia on the morphology and function of the spinal cord.@*METHODS@#Twenty healthy New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group and control group; with 10 rabbits in each group. For spinal nerve anesthesia, 5 g/L of bupivacaine was used in the experimental group, and sterile saline was used in the control group. After 30 min of cardiac perfusion, GLAST and GLT-1 protein expression in spinal neurons were detected by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining.@*RESULTS@#GLAST and GLT-1 protein-positive cells increased in neurons in the experimental group, compared with the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#After subarachnoid nerve block anesthesia, rabbit glutamate transporter GLAST and GLT-1 expression is increased; and spinal cord nerve cell function is inhibited.

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