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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born by cesarean section due to severe preeclampsia.@*METHODS@#Forty-two small-for-gestational-age infants who were admitted from August 2017 to July 2018 and were born due to severe preeclampsia were enrolled as the observation group. Forty very preterm infants who were born to healthy mothers since uterine contractions could not be suppressed were enrolled as the control group. Perinatal features, clinical manifestations of infection, complications, and clinical outcomes were analyzed for the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Within 6 hours and 2-3 days after birth, the observation group had significantly lower white blood cell count (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and platelet count (PLT) than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born due to severe preeclampsia have a high incidence rate of infection and severe conditions. Early manifestations include reductions in the infection indicators WBC, ANC, and PLT, and CRP does not increase significantly in the early stage and gradually increases at 2-3 days after birth. Most of these infants require invasive ventilation after birth, with bronchopulmonary dysplasia as the main complication. Clinical changes should be closely observed and inflammatory indicators should be monitored for early identification of infection, timely diagnosis, and timely adjustment of antibiotic treatment, so as to improve the outcome.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Cesarean Section , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of white noise combined with glucose in reducing the procedural pain of retinopathy screening in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 396 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks and a birth weight of ≤2 000 g were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the intervention method for reducing pain in retinopathy screening: control group with 100 infants (no white noise or glucose intervention), white noise group with 96 infants, glucose group with 98 infants and white noise + glucose group with 102 infants. The Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) was used to determine pain score during retinopathy screening, and the four groups were compared in terms of PIPP score before and after retinopathy screening.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in PIPP score, heart rate and blood oxygen saturation between the four groups at 3 minutes before screening (P>0.05). At 1 and 5 minutes after screening, the white noise, glucose and white noise + glucose groups had significantly lower heart rate and PIPP score but significantly higher blood oxygen saturation than the control group (P<0.05).The white noise + glucose group had significantly lower heart rate and PIPP score but significantly higher blood oxygen saturation than the white noise and glucose groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#White noise combined with glucose can reduce the procedural pain of retionopathy screening and keep vital signs stable in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Glucose , Heart Rate , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pain , Pain Management
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351384

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mortality rate and the cause of death of hospitalized neonates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 480 neonates who died between January 2008 and December 2014 were collected. The mortality rates of neonates with different gestational ages, birth weights, sexes, and ages in days were analyzed. The abnormal perinatal factors, cause of death, and death grade were summarized.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 41 910 hospitalized neonates, 480 (1.1%) died, and the mortality rates of preterm infants and full-term infants were 1.7% and 0.7%, respectively. The mortality rate of hospitalized neonates decreased from 1.4% in 2008 to 1.1% in 2014, and the decrease was more apparent in the preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and the neonates with a birth weight of <1 000 g. Among preterm infants and full-term infants, those with a lower gestational age tended to have a higher mortality rate, but post-term infants had an increased mortality rate. The infants with a lower birth weight tended to have a higher mortality rate. Male neonates had a significantly higher mortality rate than female neonates (1.31% vs 0.92%; P<0.05). Among the neonates who died, 61.3% had definite abnormal perinatal factors, including abnormal amniotic fluid (29.4%), premature rupture of membranes (16.9%), placental abnormality (16.9%), fetal intrauterine distress (14.0%), and abnormal umbilical cord (12.3%). Among the 480 neonates who died, 57 (11.9%) died within 24 hours after birth, 181 (37.7%) died within 2-7 days, and 242 (50.4%) died within 8-28 days. The three most common causes of death were infection, birth defect, and respiratory distress syndrome. The most common cause of death was respiratory distress syndrome in 2008-2011 and infection in 2012-2014. Respiratory distress syndrome was the most common cause of death in preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks, neonates with a birth weight of <1 500 g, and neonates who died with 24 hours; infection was the most common cause of death in neonates with a gestational age of 32-42 weeks, neonates with a birth weight of 1 500-4 000 g, and neonates who died within 8-28 days. Neonatal asphyxia was the major cause of death in post-term infants. Inevitable deaths (grade 1) accounted for 54.4%, deaths that could be avoided under certain conditions (grade 2) accounted for 23.3%, and deaths caused by concerns about prognosis or economic reasons (grade 3) accounted for 22.3%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In recent years, the treatment of neonates has gradually improved, and the mortality rate of neonates is gradually decreasing, especially in neonates with low gestational age and birth weight. Important measures for reducing the mortality rate in neonates include enhancing perinatal management, reducing abnormal perinatal factors, preventing infection, and increasing parents' confidence in treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cause of Death , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Male
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286879

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of premature rupture of the membrane (PROM) on neonatal complications in premature infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The registration information of 7684 preterm infants with gestational age <37 weeks were collected from the cooperative units in the task group between January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. Specially trained personnel from each cooperative units filled in the unified form in a standardized format to record the gender, gestational age, birth weight, PROM, placental abruption, antenatal corticosteroid, Apgar score, amniotic fluid pollution, and complications of the infants. The data were analyzed comparatively between the cases with PROM and those without (control).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The preterm mortality rate was significantly lower but the incidences of ICH, NEC, ROP and BPD were significantly higher in PROM group than in the control group (P<0.05). The 95% confidence interval of the OR value was <1 for mortality, and was >1 for ICH, NEC, ROP and BPD. After adjustment for gestational age, birth weight, gender, mode of delivery, placental abruption, placenta previa, prenatal hormones, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational period hypertension and 5-min Apgar score <7, the incidences of NEC, ROP and BPD were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05) with 95% confidence interval of OR value >1, but the mortality rate and incidence of ICH were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PROM is a risk factor for NEC, ROP and BPD in preterm infants, and adequate intervention of PROM can reduce the incidences of such complications as NEC, ROP and BPD in the infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Birth Weight , Female , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Pathology , Gestational Age , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and imaging features of premature infants with different degrees of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective study was performed on the clinical data of 59 premature infants (gestational age <32 weeks) with BPD. Among the 59 premature infants, 37 cases had mild BPD and the other 22 cases had moderate to severe BPD. The clinical and imaging data were compared between these premature infants with different degrees of BPD.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The durations of mechanical ventilation, oxygen therapy, antibiotic therapy, parenteral nutrition, and hospitalization in the moderate to severe group were significantly longer than those in the mild group (P<0.05). The incidence of nosocomial infection and number of times of red blood cell transfusion in the moderate to severe group were significantly higher than that in the mild group. The rates of X-ray changes, including grade I respiratory distress syndrome (1 day after birth) and hypolucency of lungs (4-10 days and ≥ 28 days after birth) were significantly higher in the mild group than in the moderate to severe group. The rates of X-ray changes in classical BPD stage III (4-10 days after birth) and IV (≥ 28 days after birth) were significantly higher in the moderate to severe group than in the mild group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The durations of mechanical ventilation, oxygen therapy, and antibiotic therapy and the incidence of nosocomial infection are correlated with the severity of BPD. The premature infants with severer BPD need a longer duration of parenteral nutrition and more times of red blood cell transfusion and have more typical imaging changes of BPD. Imaging examination has a predictive value for the severity of BPD.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Male , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2014; 24 (2): 147-154
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-196758

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome [RDS] in newborn infants


Methods: From March 2012 to May 2013, 100 newborn infants were divided into two groups: RDS group [50 cases] and control group [50 cases]. According to the findings of chest x-ray, there were 10 cases of grade II RDS, 15 grade III cases, and 25 grade IV cases in RDS group. Lung ultrasound was performed at bedside by a single expert. The ultrasound indexes observed in this study included pleural line, A-line, B-line, lung consolidation, air bronchograms, bilateral white lung, interstitial syndrome, lung sliding, lung pulse etc


Findings: In all of the infants with RDS, lung ultrasound consistently showed generalized consolidation with air bronchograms, bilateral white lung or interstitial syndrome, pleural line abnormalities, A-line disappearance, pleural effusion, lung pulse, etc. The simultaneous demonstration of lung consolidation, pleural line abnormalities and bilateral white lung, or lung consolidation, pleural line abnormalities and A-line disappearance co-exists with a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for the diagnosis of neonatal RDS


Conclusion: This study indicates that using an ultrasound to diagnose neonatal RDS is accurate and reliable tool. A lung ultrasound has many advantages over other techniques. Ultrasound is nonionizing, low-cost, easy to operate, and can be performed at bedside, making this technique ideal for use in NICU

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269460

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the timing of presentation and perinatal high-risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with a gestational age of <33 weeks.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted in 49 preterm infants with NEC (gestational age <33 weeks) who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Beijing Bayi Children's Hospital between October 1, 2010 and December 30, 2012, as well as preterm infants without NEC during the same period. The timing of presentation of NEC was retrospectively analyzed, and the perinatal high-risk factors for NEC were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of onset was 17.5 days (range: 3-106 d) in preterm infants with NEC. Sex, being small for gestational age, delivery mode and antenatal corticosteroid therapy were not associated with the development of NEC; low gestational age, low birth weight and neonatal asphyxia increased the risk of NEC, and low gestational age was identified as an independent high-risk factor for the development of NEC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low gestational age is an important risk factor for the development NEC in preterm infants under 33 weeks' gestation, and the median age of onset is 17.5 days.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Male , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236808

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of Ommaya reservoir implantation on hydrocephalus in premature infants following intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and to investigate factors influencing the therapeutic effect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An ambispective cohort study was conducted on the clinical and follow-up data of 20 premature infants (gestational age <32 weeks, birth weight <1500 g) who received Ommaya reservoir implantation because of hydrocephalus following IVH. The therapeutic effect of Ommaya reservoir implantation was observed. These patients were divided into cure and treatment failure groups according to their treatment outcomes. The factors influencing therapeutic effects were investigated by univariate analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hydrocephalus was relieved significantly at 30 days after Ommaya reservoir implantation. However, some patients showed significantly decreased therapeutic effects since 3 months after operation: during 3-6 months after operation, 7 cases underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt, 4 cases discontinued treatment because of economic reasons, and 1 case underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy due to scalp hematoma with skin necrosis. The ventricles of the remaining 8 cases returned to normal size at 12-18 months after operation. As for postoperative complications, secondary IVH was seen in 8 cases, intracranial infection in 2 cases, and scalp hematoma with skin necrosis in 1 case. The univariate analysis revealed significant differences in gestational age, birth weight and duration of hydrocephalus before Ommaya reservoir implantation between the cure and the treatment failure groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ommaya reservoir implantation has a remarkable short-term therapeutic effect on hydrocephalus in premature infants following IVH, but later the effect decreases in some patients. Low gestational age, low birth weight and long duration of hydrocephalus may be the main factors influencing therapeutic effects of Ommaya reservoir implantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hydrocephalus , General Surgery , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Male
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353840

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine whether early application of Duo positive airway pressure (DuoPAP), in comparison with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP), can reduce the need for endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation and decrease the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a single-center, randomized controlled trial, preterm neonates (gestational ages 30-35 weeks) with RDS were randomly assigned to receive DuoPAP (n=34) or NCPAP (n=33) within 6 hours of birth. If the two noninvasive ventilations were not effective, endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation were used, and pulmonary surfactant was administered as rescue therapy. The total invasive respiratory support rate and incidence of BPD within 24, 48 and 72 hours of birth were observed. The two groups were compared in terms of PaCO2, PaO2 and oxygenation index (OI) at 1, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after using the noninvasive respiratory support.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total invasive respiratory support rates within 48 and 72 hours after birth were significantly lower in the DuoPAP group than in the NCPAP group (P<0.05). There was no difference in the incidence of BPD between the two groups (P>0.05). The OI in the DuoPAP group was significantly higher than in the NCPAP group at 1, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after noninlasive respiratory support (P<0.05). The DuoPAP group showed significantly lower PaCO2 than the NCPAP group at 1, 12, and 24 hours after noninvasive respiratory support (P<0.05). PaO2 was significantly higher in the DuoPAP group than in the NCPAP group at 1 and 12 hours after noninvasive respiratory support (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with NCPAP, early application of DuoPAP can decrease the need for endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in preterm neonates with RDS, showing promise for broad use.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Epidemiology , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Methods , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation , Methods , Male , Noninvasive Ventilation , Methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Therapeutics
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 193-196, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356005

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Acute lung injury is a severe complication after cardiac surgery performed with cardiopulmonary bypass in infant patients. Pulmonary surfactant has been successfully used in treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome for many years. This study focused on exploring the clinical efficacy of exogenous pulmonary surfactant in treating infant patients with acute lung injury after cardiac surgery with the use of extracorporeal circulation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Twenty-three infants with ventricular septal defect (VSD) were enrolled in the study. None of the patients needed oxygen treatment nor ventilation before heart surgery. VSD repair operation was done under cardiopulmonary bypass, and acute lung injury was found postoperatively. Ten infant patients in the treatment group were given pulmonary surfactant by tracheal instillation during mechanical ventilating postoperatively. Thirteen patients in control group were randomly selected in the same period in hospital, and acute lung injury was diagnosed without pulmonary surfactant treatment after cardiopulmonary bypass. Blood samples were obtained from all the patients, and blood gas analysis was performed every 6 hours. Demographics (body weigh, age, gender, VSD diameter) and clinical characteristics (CPB time, oxygenation index, mean airway pressure, pH and PCO2) of all the patients were collected, and statistical analysis was done to compare the data between treatment and control group.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In the first 24 hours after heart surgery, compared with the control group, a more increased oxygenation index (from 89.36 ± 12.69 to 285 ± 16.51) was observed in treatment group, and it was from 93.71 ± 11.82 to 133 ± 19.62 in the control group. There was a significant difference in oxygenation index between the two groups (P < 0.05). At the same time, the MAP (from 17.5 ± 3.18 to 10.4 ± 3.37) of the patients in comparison with the control group (from 18.2 ± 2.63 to 13.8 ± 2.55), a more significantly decreased MAP was observed in the treatment group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in pH and PCO2 between the two groups. The ventilation time in cardiac care unit was shorter in treatment group (17.43 ± 9.12) h compared with the control group [(30.97 ± 14.85) h, P < 0.05]. ICU stay time of treatment group (3.90 ± 1.34) d was shorter than that of control group [(6.18 ± 1.90) d, P < 0.05].Two infants of the control group died, but none in treatment group died.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In this study, a satisfactory curative effect was observed for the treatment of acute lung injury with PS intratracheal instillation after heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass in infant patients. It can reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation and cardiac care unit stay and improve prognosis. In addition, this study was a pilot study and the limited sample size was probably the cause of insufficient statistical power. Further study of larger scale is needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Therapeutics , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Pulmonary Surfactants , Therapeutic Uses
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320635

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of proportional assist ventilation (PAV) on physiology and respiratory mechanics in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with ventilator dependence by comparison with conventional assist/control (A/C) ventilation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-six infants with ventilator dependence were randomly divided into two groups according to the ventilation model: PAV (n=23) and A/C (n=23). The gain of resistive and elastic unloading was set based on the runway method in the PAV group. Ventilation parameters were set based on the conventional method in the A/C group. Infants were observed for 30 minutes three times per day for three consecutive days. Arterial gas analysis results, transcutaneous saturation of oxygen (SPO2), heart rate, blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR), mean airway pressure (MAP), peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), tide volume (VT), minute volume (MV) and oxygenation index (OI), were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the A/C group, PaO2 and OI in the PAV group were significantly higher while PIP and MAP were significantly lower. There were no significant differences in FiO2, SPO2, pH, PaCO2, PEEP, VT, MV and RR between the two groups. Although mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate in the PAV group were not different from the A/C group, beat-to-beat variabilities in systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure were significantly lower in the PAV group than in the A/C group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PAV may safely maintain gas exchange at lower airway pressures compared with A/C ventilation in VLBW infants. It can also improve oxygenation and infant-ventilator synchronization.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Male , Oxygen , Blood , Respiration , Respiration, Artificial , Ventilators, Mechanical
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical function and significance of establishing a regional active neonatal transport network (ANTN) in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The authors retrospectively studied intensive care and the role of ANTN system in management of critically ill neonates and compared the outcome of newborn infants transported to our NICU before and after we established standardized NICU and ANTN system (phase 1: July 2004 to June 2006 vs phase 2: July 2006 to May 2008).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The number of neonatal transport significantly increased from 587 during phase 1 to 2797 during phase 2. Success rate of transport and the total cure rate in phase 2 were 97.85% and 91.99% respectively, which were significantly higher than those in phase 1 (94.36% and 88.69%, respectively, P < 0.01). The neonatal mortality significantly decreased in phase 2 compared with that in phase 1 (2.29% vs 4.31%, P < 0.01). The capacity of our NICU was enlarged following the development of ANTN. There are 200 beds for level 3 infants in phase 2, but there were only 20 beds in phase 1. Significantly less patients in the phase 2 had hypothermia, acidosis and the blood glucose instability than those in phase 1 (P < 0.01, 0.05, 0.01 and 0.05, respectively). The proportion of preterm infants transported to our NICU were higher in phase 2 compared with that in phase 1, especially infants whose gestational age was below 32 weeks. The proportions of asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome were lower in phase 2 than that in phase 1, but the total cure rates of these two diseases had no significant changes between the two phases. The most important finding was that the improvement of outcome of premature infants and those with asphyxia and aspiration syndrome was noted following the development of ANTN.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Establishing regional ANTN for a tertiary hospital is very important to elevate the total level in management of critically ill newborn infants. It plays a very important role in reducing mortality and improving total outcomes of newborn infants. There are still some problems remained to solve after four years practice in order to optimize the ANTN to meet needs of the development of neonatology.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Reference Standards , Transportation of Patients , Reference Standards
13.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 163-166, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292617

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>Transcriptional silencing induced by CpG island methylation is believed to be one of the important mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Checkpoint with fork head-associated and ring finger (CHFR) governs the transition from prophase to prometaphase in response to mitotic stress. This study was to analyze the relationship between the methylation of CHFR gene and the clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer, and the difference of results between methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) and combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA) in detecting aberrant methylation of CHFR gene in gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Both MSP and COBRA methods were used to detect the promoter methylation of CHFR gene in gastric cancer specimens from 64 patients. The relationship between methylation status of CHFR gene and the clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer were analyzed using SPSS16.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylation rates of CHFR gene promoter were significantly higher in gastric cancer samples than in the corresponding paracancer normal gastric mucosa by MSP (51.6% vs. 18.8%, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant correlation between methylation status of CHFR gene and the clinicopathologic parameters of gastric cancer, including age, gender, tumor size, clinical stage, Borrman type, tumor invasion depth, differentiation, and lymph node metastasis (P > 0.05). Aberrant methylation of the CHFR gene was detected in 27 (42.2%) of the 64 specimens of gastric cancer using COBRA, which did not significantly differ from that using MSP (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Aberrant methylation of the CHFR gene is a frequent event in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. Detecting the methylation of CHFR gene in gastric mucosa may conduce to the diagnosis of gastric cancer. No difference was found between MSP and COBRA in detecting promoter methylation of CHFR gene in gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , DNA Methylation , DNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Neoplasm Staging , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Sulfites , Chemistry , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 757-761, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and provide evidence for the rational establishment of screening standard.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 1675 preterm infants at gestational age < or = 36 weeks or birth weight < or = 2500 g who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit and had been screened in our hospital from July 2006 to May 2008 were analyzed retrospectively by univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis. Gender, birth count, gestational age, birth weight, oxygen therapy, and mother's conditions were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ROP was detected in 195 (11.6%) of 1675 infants, of whom 35 infants (2.1%) had type 1 or threshold ROP. The lower the birth weight, the smaller the gestational age and the longer the time of oxygen therapy were, the higher the incidence of ROP was. For the infants whose birth weight was < or = 1200 g, 1201 - 1500 g, 1501 - 2000 g, 2001 - 2500 g, the incidence of ROP was 73.2%, 30.4%, 8.0%, and 1.1%; for those at gestational age < or = 30 weeks, 30(+1)-32 weeks, 32(+1)-34 weeks, 34(+1)-36 weeks, the incidence of ROP was 67.6%, 16.9%, 3.9%, and 1.0%; for the infants underwent oxygen therapy for 0 d, -3 d, -5 d, -8 d, > 8 d, the incidence of ROP was 1.5%, 3.3%, 9.6%, 23.2% and 38.8%;in the infants who inhaled oxygen at concentrations of 0.40, -0.60, -0.80 and > 0.80, the incidence of ROP was 11.8%, 18.1%, 26.8%, and 52.6%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that low birth weight, small gestational age, asphyxia, apnea, oxygen therapy were the high risk factors of ROP (the odds ratio was 0.957, 1.052, 1.186, 5.314, and 1.881).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low birth weight, small gestational age, asphyxia, apnea, and oxygen therapy were the high risk factors of ROP. It is recommended that all preterm infants with high risk factors should be screened.</p>


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Male , Neonatal Screening , Retinopathy of Prematurity , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334971

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression patterns of surfactant protein B (SP-B) and its role in the development of human fatal lung epithelial cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human fetal lung tissues were obtained from 37 fetuses of 10-34 weeks at abortion with parental consent and from two newborn infants who died of non-pulmonary causes. SP-B expression in the lung tissues was examined by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SP-B was detected in the cytoplasm of nonciliated columnar epithelial cells of the human fetal lung in as early as the 16th week of gestation. The positive reaction of SP-B was enhanced during canalicular stages and was more intense in the distal than in the proximal airway epithelium. From the 25th week to the prenatal stage, SP-B expression underwent no significant changes in the primitive alveolar stage, but increased remarkably after birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression and secretion of SP-B reflects the maturation of the epithelial cells in human fatal lungs, and may closely associate with the survival ability of the newborn infants.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Fetus , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lung , Pulmonary Alveoli , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein B , Physiology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262797

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Recent progress in developmental biology has shown that the thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) plays an important role in lung development. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and distribution of TTF-1 and its function during the development of epithelial stem cells in fetal human lungs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human lung tissues were obtained with parental consent from 32 fetuses (10-27 weeks) and from seven newborn infants (28-36 weeks) who had not died from pulmonary diseases. The expression of TTF-1 was examined by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TTF-1 was expressed in the nuclei of columnar nonciliated epithelial cells of the fetal human lung as early as 10 weeks of gestation. With the development of bronchus TTF-1 positive cells were present in scattered nonciliated cells and were predominantly expressed in the nuclei of epithelial cells of the distal tubules and lung buds. By the late phase of fetal development or neonatal period, TTF-1 was expressed in only type II alveolar epithelium cells and their precursor cells but was absent in ciliated cells and type I alveolar epithelium cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TTF-1 can stimulate the growth of both bronchial trees and alveolar cells and regulate the type II alveolar epithelium cells and their precursors to secret surfactants.</p>


Subject(s)
Epithelial Cells , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Female , Fetus , Chemistry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Infant, Newborn , Lung , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Embryology , Male , Nuclear Proteins , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1 , Transcription Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640023

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of the high frequency oscillatory ventilation(HFOV) on the treatment of premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome(RDS).Methods Seventy premature infants with RDS were randomly grouped as HFOV group(n=33) and conventional mandatory ventilation group(CMV group,n=37),based on their fetal age,weight,age,and their clinical condition from Jan.to Sep.in 2009.The blood gas analysis was detected and compared between the 2 groups.Results In HFOV group,the inhaled oxygen concentration,pa(CO2) decreased after treatment for 6 h,which were significantly lower than those at the beginning of the therapy(Pa

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