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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 138-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To reveal the related factors of inhibitors and differences ofhemorrhage and joint disease before and after the production of inhibitors in children with hemophilia A (HA) .@*Methods@#Retrospective analyses of the clinical data of 381 children with HA under the age of 16 registered in the Registration Management Center of Hemophilia in Henan Provincial from January 2015 to August 2018.@*Results@#A total of the 381 children were enrolled with 116 (30.4%) mild, 196 (51.4%) moderate, and 69 (18.1%) severe cases; 54 patients (14.2%) had inhibitors, including 22 high and 32 low titer inhibitors. Positive family history was positively associated with inhibitors[P<0.001, OR=3.299 (95%CI 1.743-5.983) ], and high-intensity exposure was associated with inhibitors[P=0.002, OR=2.587 (95%CI 1.414-4.731) ]. High-intensity exposure was associated with high titer inhibitor production[P=0.001, OR=8.689 (95%CI 2.464-30.638) ], and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors in HA patients. After inhibitors occurred in 54 patients with HA, the rates of overall joint annual bleeding (z=-3.440, P=0.001) and traumatic annual bleeding (z=-2.232, P=0.026) increased, but the rates of the annual joint bleeding (z=-1.342, P=0.180) and spontaneous annual bleeding (z=-1.414, P=0.157) remained to be not statistically significant. The joint ultrasound score did not change significantly after the inhibitor information (z=-0.632, P=0.527) .@*Conclusions@#Positive family history and high-intensity exposure could increase the risk of F Ⅷ inhibitors in HA patients, and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors. The rates of the overall joint annual bleeding and traumatic annual bleeding increased after the inhibitor information.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect and the mechanism of esculetin on oxidative-stressed human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP).Methods:The ARPE-19 cells were divided into blank control group, model control group, 20 μmol/L esculetin group, 40 μmol/L esculetin group, 80 μmol/L esculetin group and 100 μmol/L esculetin group.The cells in the blank control group were normally cultured.The cells in the model control group were treated with 900 μmol/L t-BHP for 4 hours.The rest four groups were treated with 900 μmol/L t-BHP+ different molar concentrations of esculetin respectively for 4 hours.The cell viability of the each group was detected by MTS method.The activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by fluorescence staining, and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) of the cells from each group were measured with each corresponding assay kit, respectively.Results:The relative viabilities of the cells in the blank control group, model control group, 20 μmol/L esculetin group, 40 μmol/L esculetin group, 80 μmol/L esculetin group and 100 μmol/L esculetin group were (100.00±1.58)%, (49.19±1.06)%, (76.82±3.48)%, (103.90±1.60)%, (111.70±3.36)% and (113.40±3.08)%, respectively.There was a significant difference among the groups ( F=95.44, P<0.01). Compared with the blank control group, the viability of the cells in the model control group was decreased significantly ( P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the cell viabilities in different concentrations of esculetin groups were increased significantly (all at P<0.01). There were significant differences between the groups in the relative value of ROS fluorescence intensity, MDA level, SOD activity, CAT activity and GSH-Px activity ( F=575.20, 40.61, 1 802.00, 41.62, 38.31; all at P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the levels of ROS and MDA were decreased significantly, while the activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px were increased significantly in different concentrations of esculetin-treated groups (all at P<0.01). Conclusions:Esculetin can protect the oxidative damaged ARPE-19 cells by up-regulating the expression of antioxidant enzymes or antioxidant proteins.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753419

ABSTRACT

With the development of higher education in China, the higher medical education has achieved great improvement. The development history, achievements and future direction of China's private higher education was introduced in this paper. And it put forward suggestions on how to face the challenges and to enhance connotation development of the medical college after the publishment of "Privately-Run School of PR China". This study will contribute to the quick development of higher medical education.

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