Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 168
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 74-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize initial experience of applying nanopore third-generation sequencing detection method (nanopore sequencing) for genetic diagnosis of non-classical 21 hydroxylase deficiency (NC 21-OHD), and to explore its performance and application prospects.Methods:Clinical data of the two NC 21-OHD patients, who were hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in May 2019, were collected. Peripheral venous blood was collected and genome DNA extracted. Genetic variants was detected by nanopore sequencing and underwent bioinformatic analysis. Pathogenetic mutations in CYP21A2 gene were validated with PCR-sanger sequencing in the two patients and their parents.Results:The average reads length and sequence depth in the patient one was 12, 792 bp and 27.19×. The average reads length and sequence depth in the patient two was 13, 123 bp and 21.34×. Compound variants of c.293-13C>G/c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) and c.332_339delGAGACTAC (p.Gly111Valfs)/c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) were detected in these two patients, which were consistent with clinical phenotype of NC 21-OHD. Further analysis showed that c.293-13C>G mutation was inherited from her father and c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) mutation was inherited from her mother for the patient one. The c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) mutation was inherited from her father and c.332_339delGAGACTAC (p.Gly111Valfs) mutation from her mother.Conclusions:The heterozygous mutations in CYP21A2 gene are the cause of NC 21-OHD in these two patients. Nanopore sequencing technique is a reliable new detection method for patients with NC 21-OHD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 683-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of 5α-reductase 2 deficiency syndrome(5α-RD2).Methods:Retrospective analysis of three cases of 5α-RD2 to summarize clinical data. Genetic testing was conducted using chromosome karyotyping analysis, whole-exome sequencing(WES), Sanger sequencing, and bioinformatics analysis. The effect of the novel variant on the structure of the 5α-reductase was evaluated by studying the homology modeling structure using SWISSMODEL and PyMoL.Results:The patients of all three cases have social gender as female. In Case 1, a 6-year-old patient sought medical attention due to abnormal external genitalia development. In Cases 2 and 3, 15-year-old patients presented with primary amenorrhea, and they showed masculinization of secondary sexual characteristics during puberty. In all three cases, the external genitalia exhibited varying degrees of masculinization, with clitoromegaly resembling a small penis and accompanying cryptorchidism. In Case 2, an hCG stimulation test was performed, and the testosterone/dihydrotestosterone(DHT) ratio was found to be 17.4. The karyotype of all three patients was 46, XY. Whole-exome sequencing(WES) detected SRD5A2 gene variants in all cases, with genotypes being p. Gln6Ter/p.Arg227Gln, p. Gln6Ter/p.Pro250Ala, and p. Arg227Ter/p.His89Tyr, respectively. Parental validation confirmed compound heterozygous mutations in all cases. The novel variant p. Pro250Ala was identified and classified as a likely pathogenic variant according to ACMG guidelines. Protein modeling analysis indicated that this variant may affect the binding of 5α-reductase 2 to NADPH. In Case 1, male gender was chosen, and a laparoscopic bilateral orchiopexy was performed. In Case 2, female gender was chosen, and testectomy and vaginoplasty were performed. The gender selection for Case 3 has not been definitively determined yet.Conclusions:Abnormal external genitalia is a common phenotype of 5α-RD2. After hCG stimulation test, there is a significant increase in the testosterone/dihydrotestosterone(DHT) ratio, which indicates that Sanger sequencing of the SRD5A2 gene can be directly performed. 5α-RD2 exhibits significant clinical heterogeneity, and WES can facilitate the differential diagnosis of 46, XY disorders of sex development. The study also reported a novel variant, p. Pro250Ala, which enriches the SRD5A2 gene variant database.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 354-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a woman featuring moderate intellectual disability (ID).@*METHODS@#The patient had presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University on April 28, 2021. With informed consent, peripheral blood and amniotic fluid samples were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) were detected with CNV-seq, and single gene variants were detected by whole exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing, and CNV-seq and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were used to detect fetal CNVs.@*RESULTS@#The 23-year-old woman had moderate ID, sideway walking, and unstable holding. Ultrasonography at 18+3 weeks' gestation had revealed no fetal abnormality. No pathogenic CNV was detected in the woman by CNV-Seq, while WES revealed that she has harbored a heterozygous c.1675C>T (p.Arg559*) variant of the DLG4 gene, which was verified by Sanger sequencing. Based on guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_supporting). Sanger sequencing has confirmed that the fetus has inherited this variant, and CNV-Seq also revealed that that fetus has harbored a 0.1 Mb heterozygous deletion at Xp21.1, which has encompassed the DMD gene, and the result was verified by MLPA.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1675C>T variant of the DLG4 gene probably underlay the mental retardation in this woman, and her fetus was found to harbor the same variant in addition with deletion of the DMD gene, which may predispose to ID type 62.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Disks Large Homolog 4 Protein , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Pregnant Women
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) for revealing the genetic etiology of fetuses with isolated ventricular septal defect (VSD).@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to December 2020, 69 fetuses with isolated VSD were identified at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Meanwhile, 839 similar prenatal cases were selected from public databases including Wanfang data, Wanfang Medicine, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) by using keywords such as "Ventricular septal defect", "Copy number variation", and "Prenatal". A total of 908 fetuses with isolated VSD were analyzed. CNV-seq was carried out for 69 fetuses.@*RESULTS@#Among the 908 fetuses, 33 (3.63%) were found to harbor pathogenic CNVs, which included 11 chromosomal aneuploidies (1.21%) and 22 pathogenic CNVs (2.42%). The pathogenic CNVs have involved 12 genetic syndromes, with those known to involve the heart development including 5 cases of 22q11.21 deletion syndrome, 2 cases of 4q terminal deletion syndrome, and 1 case of 9q subtelomere deletion syndrome. The outcome of pregnancies for 15 fetuses with pathogenic CNVs was known, of which 12 were terminated, and 3 had spontaneous closure of the ventricular septum after birth, but 1 of them had other abnormalities.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetuses with isolated VSD have a relatively high risk for chromosomal abnormalities, for which CNV-seq should be recommended.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics , 22q11 Deletion Syndrome , Fetus
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 195-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) for the diagnosis of children with disorders of sex development (DSD).@*METHODS@#Five children with DSD who presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2019 to October 2020 were enrolled. In addition to chromosomal karyotyping, whole exome sequencing (WES), SRY gene testing, and CNV-seq were also carried out.@*RESULTS@#Child 1 and 2 had a social gender of female, whilst their karyotypes were both 46,XY. No pathogenic variant was identified by WES. The results of CNV-seq were 46,XY,+Y (1.4) and 46,XY,-Y (0.75), respectively. The remaining three children have all carried an abnormal chromosome Y. Based on the results of CNV-seq, their karyotypes were respectively verified as 45,X[60]/46,X,del(Y)(q11.221)[40], 45,X,16qh+[76]/46,X,del(Y)(q11.222),16qh+[24], and 45,X[75]/46,XY[25].@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq may be used to verify the CNVs on the Y chromosome among children with DSD and identify the abnormal chromosome in those with 45,X/46,XY. Above results have provided a basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , DNA Copy Number Variations , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Exome Sequencing , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 47-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic features of a child with autosomal dominant mental retardation type 40 (MRD40) due to variant of the CHAMP1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical characteristics of the child were analyzed. Genetic testing was carried out by low-depth high-throughput and whole genome copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq) and whole exome sequencing (WES). A literature review was also carried out for the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of patients with MRD40 due to CHAMP1 gene variants.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 11-month-old girl, has presented with intellectual and motor developmental delay. CNV-seq revealed no definite pathogenic variants. WES has detected the presence of a heterozygous c.1908C>G (p.Y636*) variant in the CHAMP1 gene, which was carried by neither parent and predicted to be pathogenic. Literature review has identified 33 additional children from 12 previous reports. All children had presented with developmental delay and mental retardation, and most had dystonia (94.1%), delayed speech and/or walking (85.2%, 82.4%) and ocular abnormalities (79.4%). In total 26 variants of the CHAMP1 gene were detected, with all nonsense variants being of loss-of-function type, located in exon 3, and de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1908C>G (p.Y636*) variant of the CHAMP1 gene probably underlay the WRD40 in this child. Genetic testing should be considered for children featuring global developmental delay, mental retardation, hypertonia and facial dysmorphism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Genetic Testing , Phenotype , Exome Sequencing , Heterozygote , Mutation , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of three children with KBG syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the three children from two families who have presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between October 2019 and September 2020 and their family members were collected. Trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) and Sanger sequencing were carried out.@*RESULTS@#All children had feeding difficulties, congenital heart defects and facial dysmorphism. The sib- pair from family 1 was found to harbor a novel de novo heterozygous c.6270delT (p.Q2091Rfs*84) variant of the ANKRD11 gene, whilst the child from family 2 was found to harbor a novel heterozygous c.6858delC (p.D2286Efs*51) variant of the ANKRD11 gene, which was inherited from his mother who had a mild clinical phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous frameshift variants of the ANKRD11 gene probably underlay the disease in the three children. Above findings have enriched the spectrum of the ANKRD11 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Female , Child , Humans , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Bone Diseases, Developmental/genetics , Tooth Abnormalities/genetics , Facies , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Mothers , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 513-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the result of prenatal diagnosis and outcome of pregnancy for fetuses with rare autosomal trisomies (RATs) suggested by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#A total of 69 608 pregnant women who underwent NIPT at Genetics and Prenatal Diagnosis Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2016 to December 2020 were selected as study subjects. The result of prenatal diagnosis and outcome of pregnancy for those with a high risk for RATs were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 69 608 pregnant women, the positive rate of NIPT for high-risk RATs was 0.23% (161/69 608), with trisomy 7 (17.4%, 28/161) and trisomy 8 (12.4%, 20/161) being the most common, and trisomy 17 (0.6%, 1/161) being the rarest. For 98 women who had accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis, 12 fetal chromosomal abnormalities were confirmed, and in 5 cases the results were consistent with those of NIPT, which yielded a positive predictive value of 5.26%. Among the 161 women with a high risk for RATs, 153 (95%) were successfully followed up. 139 fetuses were ultimately born, with only one being clinically abnormal.@*CONCLUSION@#Most women with a high risk for RATs by NIPT have good pregnancy outcomes. Invasive prenatal diagnosis or serial ultrasonography to monitor fetal growth, instead of direct termination of pregnancy, is recommended.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Trisomy/genetics , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Fetus , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/genetics , Aneuploidy
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 960-965, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical manifestations of congenital cataract in 12 families and gene variants causing the disease.Methods:The method of pedigree investigation was adopted.Clinical data of 27 patients from 12 Chinese Han families with congenital cataract were collected, and genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of patients and family members.Candidate variants were screened by next generation sequencing and were verified by Sanger sequencing.Population frequency of the variants were obtained through the Genome Arrgregation Database (gnomAD).Pathogenicity of variants was analyzed through the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), Database of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (dbSNP) and PubMed, and the mutation effect was interpreted by protein prediction softwares including SIFT, PolyPhen_2 and MutationTaster.The conservation analysis of amino acid sequences of variants was performed by GERP+ + software.Diagnosis was confirmed by clinical ophthalmic phenotype, medical history and mutation analysis.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.KS-2018-KY-36).Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects and their guardians.Results:Pathogenic genetic variants were found in all the 12 families, 9 of which had known pathogenic variants including MIP c.97C>T, GJA8 c.593G>A, CRYBA4 c.277T>C, CRYBB2 c.563G>A and c.436G>C, CRYGC c.470G>A, CRYGD c.70C>A, PAX2 c.70dupG as well as OCRL E5-E16dup, and 3 novel potential pathogenic variants including CRYGD c.422delG, ELP4 c.886C>A and CRYBB2 c.434G>C. CRYGD c.422delG could lead to the early termination of translation of protein products, which was pathogenic.The nucleotide and amino acid sites of ELP4 c.886C>A and CRYBB2 c.434G>C were highly conserved among species, and were predicted as harmful.The 12 families were consistent with co-segregation. Conclusions:CRYGD c.422delG, ELP4 c.886C>A and CRYBB2 c.434G>C may be novel pathogenic variants of congenital cataract.

10.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 186-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genetic etiology of 487 fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) using copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq) and explore the relationship between increased NT and chromosomal abnormality.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on 487 fetuses with increased NT who received CNV-seq in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to December 2020. These fetuses either had NT of ≥3.0-<3.5 mm (Group A, n=129) or ≥3.5 mm (Group B, n=358), the distribution and incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the two sets of fetuses were analyzed using Chi square test or Fisher's exact test. Results:Fetuses with abnormal chromosomes accounted for 25.9%(126/487) of cases, including 107 with chromosome aneuploidy (22.0%) and 19 with pathogenic or likely pathogenic copy number variation (CNV, 3.9%). The detection rate of fetal aneuploidy in Group B was higher than that in Group A [14.0% (18/129) vs 24.9% (89/358), χ2=6.58, P=0.010]. However, no significant difference was observed regarding the detection rate of pathogenic or likely pathogenic CNV between the two groups ( χ2=0.30, P=0.584). Conclusions:The risk of fetal chromosome aneuploidy increased with NT thickness, but not with pathogenic or likely pathogenic CNV, which needed further verification due to the small sample size. CNV-seq is an option to detect the conventional detection methods for the genetic etiology of NT thickening fetuses.

11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 48-52, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular genetic etiology of two fetuses with short rib-polydactyly syndrome type Ⅲ (SRPS Ⅲ).Methods:Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect 226 known genes related to inherited skeletal dysplasia in two fetuses with SRPS Ⅲ diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in August 2015 and June 2020. Suspect pathological variants were verified in the pedigree members using Sanger sequencing. The prenatal genetic diagnosis of the high-risk fetus in pedigree one was conducted to identify the confirmed pathogenic variation.Results:The homozygous mutation of DYNC2H1 gene c.5881A>G(p.Lys1961Glu) was identified in the proband in pedigree one, and the parents were the carriers. The proband in pedigree two carried compound heterozygous mutations in the DYNC2H1 gene with c.10606C>T(p.Arg3536*) inherited from the father and c.8954T>G(p.Val2985Gly) from the mother. Autosomal recessive inheritance was confirmed in both pedigrees. Mutations of c.5881A>G(p.Lys1961Glu) and c.8954T>G(p.Val2985Gly) in the DYNC2H1 gene were likely pathogenic variants and had not been reported before. The prenatal diagnosis did not identify the DYNC2H1 gene c.5881A>G(p.Lys1961Glu) mutation in the fetus (Ⅱ-7) in pedigree one, which was confirmed by the umbilical cord blood sample after birth. Conclusion:DYNC2H1 gene mutation underlies the fetal skeletal dysplasia in the two pedigrees.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 248-254, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928551

ABSTRACT

Apparently balanced chromosomal structural rearrangements are known to cause male infertility and account for approximately 1% of azoospermia or severe oligospermia. However, the underlying mechanisms of pathogenesis and etiologies are still largely unknown. Herein, we investigated apparently balanced interchromosomal structural rearrangements in six cases with azoospermia/severe oligospermia to comprehensively identify and delineate cryptic structural rearrangements and the related copy number variants. In addition, high read-depth genome sequencing (GS) (30-fold) was performed to investigate point mutations causative of male infertility. Mate-pair GS (4-fold) revealed additional structural rearrangements and/or copy number changes in 5 of 6 cases and detected a total of 48 rearrangements. Overall, the breakpoints caused truncations of 30 RefSeq genes, five of which were associated with spermatogenesis. Furthermore, the breakpoints disrupted 43 topological-associated domains. Direct disruptions or potential dysregulations of genes, which play potential roles in male germ cell development, apoptosis, and spermatogenesis, were found in all cases (n = 6). In addition, high read-depth GS detected dual molecular findings in case MI6, involving a complex rearrangement and two point mutations in the gene DNAH1. Overall, our study provided the molecular characteristics of apparently balanced interchromosomal structural rearrangements in patients with male infertility. We demonstrated the complexity of chromosomal structural rearrangements, potential gene disruptions/dysregulation and single-gene mutations could be the contributing mechanisms underlie male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Azoospermia/genetics , Chromosome Aberrations , Infertility, Male/genetics , Oligospermia/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 474-478, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928440

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical manifestations and causative gene variants of the choroideremia patients, and to help the patients bedifferential diagnosed by whole exome sequencing and provide theoretical basis for their genetic counseling.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 3 families were collected and genomic DNA was extracted respectively from peripheral blood of patients and related subjects. Exome targeted sequencing was used to screen suspicious gene mutations. Sanger sequencing and quantitative PCR were used to verify the candidate mutations and investigate the mutation carrying status of other members of the family. The candidate mutations were searched through HGMD and PubMed databases for the pathogenicity reports, and the pathogenicity of candidate mutations was judged according to a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology.@*RESULTS@#The proband of family 1 is c.1584_1587del (p.Val529Hisfs*6) variant hemizygote, whose daughter carries c.1584_1587del (p.Val529Hisfs*6) heterozygous variation. The proband of family 2 is a hemizygote with deletion of exons 10 to 15 (E10-15del), and her mother and sister carry the E10-15del heterozygous variation. In family 3, the proband is c.544delT (p.Cys182Valfs*14) variant hemizygote, and his mother is c.544delT (p.Cys182Valfs*14) heterozygote, but the father do not detect this variant. All the 3 families were detected pathogenic gene variations of CHM, two of which were known pathogenic variation and one of which was novel CHM gene c.544delT (p.C182Vfs*14) in this study. The c.544delT frameshift mutation of CHM gene can lead to the premature termination of the product protein translation and nonfunctioning protein. It is a pathogenic mutation according to ACMG guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#The findings of this study expand the gene variation spectrum of choroideremia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Choroideremia/genetics , Heterozygote , Mutation , Pedigree , Exome Sequencing
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 392-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP).@*METHODS@#Targeted capture and next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out for the proband. Suspected pathogenic variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing of the proband and his parents.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor compound heterozygous variants of SCN9A gene, namely c.1598delA (p.N533Ifs*31) and c.295_296delCGinsAT (p.R99I), which were respectively inherited from his father and mother. Both variants were predicted to be pathogenic, and neither was reported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the SCN9A gene probably underlay the CIP in this child. Above finding has enabled genetic counseling for this family.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Channelopathies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mutation , /genetics , Pain Insensitivity, Congenital/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 366-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) and karyotyping in the prenatal diagnosis for carriers of balanced translocations.@*METHODS@#Clinical records of 135 amniocentesis samples of balanced translocation carriers undergoing simultaneous CNV-seq and karyotyping were analyzed. Chromosomal aberrations were defined as those can definitely lead to birth defects definitely, which included chromosomal numerical abnormality, large deletion/duplication and pathogenic copy number variations (pCNVs).@*RESULTS@#The detection rates for karyotyping and CNV-seq were 4.44% (6/135) and 5.93% (8/135) respectively, and the latter had a detection rate of 1.48(2/135) higher than the former. A total of 68 fetal chromosomal translocations were detected by karyotying analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#For couples carrying a balanced translocation, simultaneous CNV-seq and karyotyping is conducive to the detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Karyotyping , Prenatal Diagnosis , Translocation, Genetic
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 334-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with normal ultrasonographic finding at 20 weeks' gestation but a copy number variant(CNV) of 13q indicated by non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT).@*METHODS@#Karyotyping analysis and chromosomal CNV assay were carried out on the amniotic fluid sample. Parental peripheral blood sample was collected for chromosomal analysis. Detailed fetal ultrasound scan was carried out to rule out structural abnormalities of the fetus.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was detected with a heterozygous 10.14 Mb deletion at 13q21.1q21.32, which has originated from the phenotypically normal mother. No apparent karyotypic abnormality was detected in the fetus and its parents. No ultrasonic abnormality was found in the fetus.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the fetus and its mother have carried a heterozygous 10.14 Mb deletion at 13q21.1q21.32 and presented normal phenotypes.Combined with literature review, the segmental deletion was judged to be a benign variant.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Genetic Counseling , Karyotyping , Pedigree , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 185-188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree with two individuals suffering from congenital blindness.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and peripheral blood samples of the pedigree were collected. Whole exome sequencing was carried out. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of candidate variants was validated through searching of PubMed and related databases, and analyzed with bioinformatics software.@*RESULTS@#Both patients had congenital blindness and a history of multiple fractures. Other features have included microphthalmia and cornea opacity. One patient had normal intelligence, whilst the other had a language deficit. Both patients were found to harbor compound heterozygous variants of the LRP5 gene, namely c.1007_1015delGTAAGGCAG (p.C336X), c.4400G>A (p.R1467Q) and c.4600C>T (p.R1534X). The first one was derived from their mother, whilst the latter two were derived from their father. None of the three variants was detected in their elder sister.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of c.1007_1015delGTAAGGCAG (p.C336X) and c.4600C>T (p.R1534X) of the LRP5 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of the Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome in this pedigree. The clinical significance of the c.4400G>A (p.R1467Q) variant has remained uncertain. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , China , Language , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5/genetics , Mutation , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/genetics , Pedigree
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 135-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of re-sampling for patients who had failed non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) due to low cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) fraction.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 20 387 patients undergoing NIPT test was reviewed. The patients were re-sampled when initial blood test did not yield a result due to cffDNA fraction. The results were analyzed, and the outcome of pregnancy was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among all samples, 17 (0.08%) had failed to yield a result due to low cffDNA fraction, all of which accepted re-sampling. A result was attained in 16 cases, with a success rate of 94.12%. Only one sample had failed the re-test.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients who had failed the initial NIPT due to low cffDNA fraction, re-sampling should be considered with gestational week and ultrasound results taken into consideration.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids/genetics , DNA/genetics , Fetus , Prenatal Diagnosis
19.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1214-1218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958646

ABSTRACT

Objective:Cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis was performed on two consecutive antenatal abnormal fetuses and their parents in a family to clarify the copy number variation(CNV) and its mechanism.Methods:The karyotypes of two fetuses and their parents were analyzed by conventional karyotyping techniques, and CNVs of two fetuses and their mother were analyzed by low-coverage whole-genome copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) techniques.Results:The amniotic fluid karyotype results of fetus 1 and 2 were 46, XN, der(4)t(4;10)(q35;p13). The mother′s peripheral blood karyotype result was 46, XX, t(4;10)(q35;p13), and the father′s karyotype was normal. The CNV-seq results of fetus 1 and 2 were seq[hg19]6q22.31(122740000-125440000)X1; 10p15.3p13(120000-17260000)X3, suggesting that there was a heterozygous deletion of about 2 700 000 bp in fetal 6q22.31 and a duplication of about 17 140 000 bp in fetal 10p15.3p13. The CNV-seq result of their mother was seq[hg19]6q22.31(122740000-125440000)X1, suggesting that there was a heterozygous deletion of about 2 700 000 bp in 6q22.31. The pregnant woman and her family chose to terminate the pregnancy after genetic consulting.Conclusion:The combined application of karyotyping and CNV-Seq is significantly beneficial to detecting microdeletions or microduplications of fetal chromosomes and effectively preventing the birth of defective children.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 771-774, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the clinical data of a fetus with false positive result of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) due to confined placental mosaicism (CPM).@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid sample was taken from a pregnant women with high risk for chromosome 16 aneuploidy for karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Genetic testing was also conducted on the fetal and maternal surface of the placenta, root of umbilical cord and fetal skin tissue after induced abortion.@*RESULTS@#Cytogenetic analysis of the amniotic fluid sample yielded a normal karyotype. SNP array revealed mosaicism (20%) of trisomy 16 in the fetus. FISH confirmed the presence of mosaicism (25%) for trisomy 16. After induced labor, all sampled sites of placenta were confirmed to contain trisomy 16 by SNP array, while the analysis of fetal skin tissue yielded a negative result.@*CONCLUSION@#CPM is an important factor for false positive NIPT result. Prenatal identification of CPM and strengthened pregnancy management are important to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amniocentesis , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16/genetics , Cytogenetic Analysis , Fetus , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Molecular Biology , Mosaicism , Placenta , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL