Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1311-1316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of energy metabolic markers with the risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with decompensated hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis (HBV-LC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with decompensated HBV-LC who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from November 2017 to November 2019, and baseline clinical parameters and energy metabolic markers were compared between the patients with SBP and those without SBP within 2 weeks after admission. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the risk factors for SBP. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the newly established logistic regression model, and with the corresponding point of Youden index as the cut-off value, the DeLong test was used to compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results A total of 50 patients with decompensated HBV-LC were included, among whom 23 (46%) developed SBP within 2 weeks after admission and 27 (54%) had no SBP during hospitalization. Compared with the non-SBP patients, the SBP patients had significantly lower triglyceride, prealbumin, and prothrombin time activity (PTA) and significantly higher international normalization ratio, C-reactive protein (CRP), and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score (all P < 0.05). Comparison of baseline energy metabolic markers showed that compared with the non-SBP patients, the SBP patients had significantly lower respiratory quotient (RQ) [0.79(0.76-0.86) vs 0.85(0.79-0.91), P =0.041] and carbohydrate oxidation (CHO) rate [20.50%(15.25%-41.05%) vs 41.6%(22.25%-68.05%), P =0.041]. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PTA was an independent risk factor for SBP in the patients with decompensated HBV-LC during hospitalization (odd ratio=0.004, P =0.008), and the regression model established based on the variables including PTA, CRP, RQ, and CHO had an AUC of 85.0% and a cut-off value of 0.60 at the maximum Youden index, with a specificity of 85.19% and a sensitivity of 73.91%, suggesting that this model had a better discriminatory ability than CRP (AUC=74.5%, P =0.049) and procalcitonin (AUC=56.4%, P < 0.01). Conclusion There are significant reductions in the energy metabolic markers RQ and CHO in the patients with decompensated HBV-LC who develop SBP within a short term, and their combination with PTA, CRP, and CHO/RQ ratio can help clinicians identify the patients at a high risk of SBP in the early stage and enhance nutrition support for such patients.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2316-2319, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904939

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 119 patients with HBV-related ACLF who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from October 2019 to October 2020, and according to their survival status on day 90, they were divided into death group and survival group. The patients were given antiviral therapy with entecavir or tenofovir. Related clinical data were collected, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, cholinesterase (ChE), albumin (Alb), cholesterol, alpha-fetoprotein, and HBV DNA at baseline, as well as the incidence rate of important complications. Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was also calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF and establish a new predictive model; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the new model in predicting the prognosis of HBV-related ACLF. Results Of all patients, 33 died within 90 days, resulting in a mortality rate of 27.7%. There were significant differences between the survival group and the death group in age, ALT, Alb, ChE, MELD score, and incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, primary peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome (all P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that baseline hepatic encephalopathy (odds ratio [ OR ]=10.404, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 2.522-42.926, P =0.001), serum Alb at baseline ( OR =0.853, 95% CI : 0.764-0.952, P =0.005), and MELD score at baseline ( OR =1.143, 95% CI : 1.036-1.261, P =0.008) were independent predictive factors for the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF. A new predictive model was established based on the combination of these three indices, and the ROC curve analysis showed that this new model had an area under the curve of 0.833, while MELD score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.672. Conclusion As for the evaluation of the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF, the new prognostic model established based on hepatic encephalopathy, Alb, and MELD score has a better predictive value than MELD score alone.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2316-2319, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904889

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 119 patients with HBV-related ACLF who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from October 2019 to October 2020, and according to their survival status on day 90, they were divided into death group and survival group. The patients were given antiviral therapy with entecavir or tenofovir. Related clinical data were collected, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, cholinesterase (ChE), albumin (Alb), cholesterol, alpha-fetoprotein, and HBV DNA at baseline, as well as the incidence rate of important complications. Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was also calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF and establish a new predictive model; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the new model in predicting the prognosis of HBV-related ACLF. Results Of all patients, 33 died within 90 days, resulting in a mortality rate of 27.7%. There were significant differences between the survival group and the death group in age, ALT, Alb, ChE, MELD score, and incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, primary peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome (all P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that baseline hepatic encephalopathy (odds ratio [ OR ]=10.404, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 2.522-42.926, P =0.001), serum Alb at baseline ( OR =0.853, 95% CI : 0.764-0.952, P =0.005), and MELD score at baseline ( OR =1.143, 95% CI : 1.036-1.261, P =0.008) were independent predictive factors for the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF. A new predictive model was established based on the combination of these three indices, and the ROC curve analysis showed that this new model had an area under the curve of 0.833, while MELD score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.672. Conclusion As for the evaluation of the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF, the new prognostic model established based on hepatic encephalopathy, Alb, and MELD score has a better predictive value than MELD score alone.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 717-722, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential mechanism of microRNA (miRNA) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.Methods:The peripheral blood samples were collected from four chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who visited Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University in 2017, and those were also collected from four healthy controls. Affymetrix GeneChip microRNA 4.0 was applied to detect the expressions of miRNA between CHB patients and healthy controls. The CHB relative differential expressions of miRNA were obtained. The functions of CHB relative miRNA were analyzed by the combination of bioinformatics tools and public database data.Results:A total of seven miRNA were differentially expressed in the peripheral blood of CHB patients. Among them, miRNA-122-5p (log 2 fold change (log 2FC)=7.78, P=0.007 3), let-7c-5p (log 2FC=3.52, P=0.019 6), miRNA-6794-5p (log 2FC=1.15, P=0.033 2), and miRNA-1226-5p (log 2FC=0.68, P=0.034 3) were up-regulated, while miRNA-619-5p (log 2FC=-1.83, P=0.002 6), miRNA-1273g-3p (log 2FC=-2.69, P=0.025 1), and miRNA-4440 (log 2FC=-3.99, P=0.047 8) were down-regulated. Further analysis showed that these miRNA could directly interact with HBV gene sequence and impact the replication of the virus. Among them, miRNA-122-5p, miRNA-6794-5p and miRNA-1226-5p could negatively regulate target genes expression to influence the formation of ficolin-1 rich granule, ficolin-1 rich granule lumen, podosome and membrane ruffle, which participated in the cell membrane movement and cell-matrix adhesion. Conclusion:MiRNA could impact the molecular movement in the cell membrane and facilitate HBV entry to liver cells, playing an important supporting role in HBV infection process.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 641-647, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745003

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the baseline independent prognostic factors for 24 months survival of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients treated with telbivudine.Methods The prospective cohort study was conducted in HBV-associated ACLF patients who were hospitalized in Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University and volunteered to be treated with telbivudine for more than 24 months.The patients were observed for survival at month 1,3,6,12,and 24 after treatment.The baseline biochemical index,coagulant function,model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score,HBV DNA level as well as comorbidities were analyzed in this study.The count data were compared with kappa test or Fisher's exact test.For the normal distributed measurement data,the homogeneity test of variances (Levene test) was firstly used for comparison between groups.Further,the group t test was applied for variance homogeneity,while the approximate t test was applied for variance non-homogeneity and the Mann-Whitney U test was applied for the non-distributed measurement data.Results A total of 41 patients were enrolled,including 3 drop-outs and 38 accomplishments.Among these 38 patients,there were 3 females (7.9 %) and 35 males (92.1%),with ages (38.5 ± 11.1) years.There were 32 patients alive and 6 dead during 1 month's follow-up,while baseline MELD score was the independent prognostic factor (RR=1.864,95%CI:1.151-3.019) for survival.There were 31 patients alive and 7 dead during 3 months' follow-up,while baseline MELD score and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGH) were the independent prognostic factors (RR =2.053,95%CI:1.163-3.625;RR=394.939,95%CI:1.880-82 948.817).There were both 26 patients alive and 12 dead during 6 and 12 months' follow-up,while baseline MELD score was the independent prognostic factor (RR=1.761,95% CI:1.230-2.523).At the end of 24 months' follow-up,there were 15 patients alive and 23 dead.Viral rebounds were observed in 6 patients and 3 of them were dead.Baseline HBV DNA level,MELD score and electrolyte imbalance were the independent prognostic factors (RR-9.722,95% CI:1.607-58.821;RR=l.518,95% CI:1.066-2.162;RR=87.505,95% CI:2.263-3 384.232) for 24 months'survival.Conclusions Although telbivudine is not recommended as the first-line treatment,ACLF patients with low MELD score and low HBV DNA level at baseline,individualized treatment may improve patient's survival rate.UGH and electrolyte imbalance may affect the efficacy of telbivudine and reduce the survival rate of ACLF patient.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 17-22, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337056

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of different nucleoside analogues on the long-term survival rate of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty patients with HBV-related ACLF were enrolled in this prospective cohort study and divided into a basic treatment group (n=30) and an antiviral treatment group, the latter of which was further subdivided into the lamivudine treatment group (n=66), telbivudine treatment group (n=38) and entecavir treatment group (n=46) according to voluntary choice by the patient.All study participants were followed-up for 24 months. The Kaplan-Meier method was applied for survival analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients in the four antiviral treatment groups had statistically similar baseline clinical characteristics and 1-month survival rates (Breslow =4.475, P=0.215).However, the basic treatment group had a significantly lower survival rate than the antiviral treatment groups that received lamivudine, telbivudine, or entecavir (all P less than 0.05) at the treatment periods of 2, 3, 6, 12 and 18-months; however, these three treatment groups showed no significant differences in survival rates. At the time point of 24 months of treatment, the basic treatment group retained its lower rate of survival than the three antiviral treated groups (lamivudine:Breslow =5.604, P=0.018; telbivudine:Breslow =5.621, P=0.018; entecavir:Breslow =14.701, P less than 0.001); while the survival rates were similar for the lamivudine treatment group and the telbivudine treatment group at this time point, their survival rates were significantly lower than that of the entecavir treatment group (Breslow =4.010, P=0.045; Breslow =4.307, P=0.038).Stratification analysis showed that when the baseline was 30 less than PTA less than or equal to 40 or MELD less than or equal to 29 or HBV DNA more than or equal to 5 log10 IU/mL, the cumulative survival rates of the basic treatment group and antiviral treatment group were statistically similar even though the patients had completed 1 month of treatment After being treated for 2, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months, the cumulative survival rates of the basic treatment group were consistently below those of the overall antiviral treatment group (P less than 0.05). The cumulative survival rate of the basic treatment group followed-up for 1 to 24 months, with PTA values between 20 and 30, was lower than that of the overall antiviral treatment group (P less than 0.05); two groups of patients with PTA less than or equal to 20 or MELD more than or equal to 30 were followed-up for 1 months to 24 months, and their cumulative survival rates showed no significant difference (P more than 0.05). Among the patients whose baseline was HBV DNA less than 5 log10 IU/mL, the comparison of survival rates between the basic treatment group and the overall antiviral treatment group showed no significant differences after treatment for 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 or 18 months, and the survival rate was lower than that of the overall antiviral treatment group (Breslow =4.055, P=0.044) after 24 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nucleoside analogues can improve the long-term survival rate of HBV-related ACLF patients.Entecavir is preferred for the long-term treatment of these patients.Patients in the early and middle stages of this disease and HBV DNA-positive patients should adopt antiviral treatment as early as possible.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure , Antiviral Agents , Cohort Studies , Guanine , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Lamivudine , Prospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Thymidine , Time Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4491-4497, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The obesity has led to a plenty of diseases including hypertension, coronary heart disease, fatty liver, hyperlipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of adipocyte differentiation is of far-reaching significance to the prevention and treatment of obesity. For the current studies of the mechanism of adipocyte differentiation pay more attention to microRNA, rather than long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). OBJECTIVE:To obtain the lncRNAs whose fold change was apparent during adipogenic differentiation, and to further screen the lncRNAs that possibly play a crucial role in adipogenic differentiation for verification. METHODS:Subcutaneous fat was obtained from human abdomen. Adipose-derived stem cells were col ected using tissue culture method. The third passage of adipose-derived stem cells was used for adipogenic differentiation. Through microarray technology, the expression levels of lncRNAs and mRNA were analyzed at 0, 5 and 12 days in adipogenic differentiation. Combining with bioinformatics report, lncRNAs apparently presented fold change were screened and verified by qRT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Fold change 1.5 (P<0.05) was considered as a criterion during adipogenic differentiation. The number of up-regulated lncRNAs was 748 for 5 days versus 0 day, 847 for 12 days versus 0 days, 593 for 12 days versus 5 days. At the same time, the down-regulated number was 828 for 5 days versus 0 day, 1 113 for 12 days versus 0 day, 750 for 12 days versus 5 days during adipogenic differentiation. In combination with bioinformatics analysis results, 3 of 28 lncRNAs were related to lipid metabolism:AK304548, BP216319 and DA852857, according to the standard that fold change in 0, 5 and 12 days was higher, and the target genes were known to be associated with adipogenesis-related genes. PCR results showed that the expression of AK304548 and BP216319 and its target gene presented an up-down trend, which is consistent with the microarray sequencing results. These results indicated that lncRNA plays a critical regulatory role in the adipogenic differentiation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 404-407, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for the presence of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in the midphase.Methods A total of 287 patients with HBV-related ACLF in the mid-phase were recruited.Clinical data (age,gender,diabetes,liver cirrhosis,upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage,spontaneous bacterial peritonitis,and pulmonary infection) and laboratory findings [albumin,globulin,total bilirubin (TBil),alanine transaminase (ALT),aspartate aminotransferase (AST),glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT),alkaline phosphatase,total cholesterol,cholinesterase,creatinine,prothrombin activity (PTA),international normalized ratio,alpha-fetoprotein (AFP),loads of HBV DNA,serum potassium,serum sodium,white blood cell,and platelet count] were included as potential risk factors and analyzed with univariate and multivariate Logistic regressions.Results Multiple Logistic regression analysis indicated that serum potassium(B =-2.006,P =0.000,OR =0.135,95%CI:0.051-0.353),serum sodium(B=-0.096,P=0.014,OR=0.908,95%CI..0.841-0.981),pulmonary infection (B =1.648,P =0.018,OR =5.199,95 % CI:1.326-20.386),AFP (B=-0.010,P =0.024,OR =0.990,95% CI:0.982-0.999) were correlated with hepatic encephalopathy.Conclusion Hypokalemia,hyponatremia,pulmonary infection and low levels of AFP are independent risk factors of the presence of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with HBV-related ACLF in the mid-phase.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 565-568, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281766

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find the patterns of the rDNA ITS sequence variation in Gentiana, and establish the molecular biological method for the identification of the four kinds wild Gentiana from different regions in Gansu.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The ITS gene fragments were PCR amplified and sequenced. The rDNA ITS regions were analyzed by means of the software of Clustal X, MEGA3.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The Complete ITS sequence of G. macrophylla, G. straminea, G. dahurica and G. officinale was 800 bp. The sequences of ITS1, ITS2 and 5.8S were 290, 340, 170 bp, respectively. Phylogenetic tree based on ITS1 and ITS2 sequences data was constrcuted by Neighbor-joining method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ITS sequence could be as the evidence for the molecular authentication of Gentiana.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA, Plant , Chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal , Chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Chemistry , Gentiana , Genetics , Phylogeny
10.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574117

ABSTRACT

0.05 ). CONCLUSION: Shenmai Injection can increase the immunity function.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL