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Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 436-439, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618501


Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of endothelin antagonist on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced pigmentation in guinea pigs.Methods A skin pigmentation model was established by UVB irradiation in guinea pigs.The modeled animals were divided into 3 groups to be treated with sodium chloride physiological solution (blank control group),an endothelin antagonist (endothelin antagonist group) and arbutin (positive control group),respectively.Before the UVB irradiation,as well as after 15-and 30-day UVB irradiation,Mexameter(R) MX 18 was used to detect the melanin index in the dorsal skin of guinea pigs.After 30-day consecutive treatment,melanin index,the number of melanocytes in the epidermis and melanin content were compared among the above 3 groups.Results After 30-day UVB irradiation,the melanin index in the 9 UVB-irradiated areas on the dorsal skin of guinea pigs significantly increased compared with that before the radiation (P < 0.0001).After 30-day treatment with the 1‰ endothelin antagonist,the melanin index in the UVB-irradiated areas significantly decreased compared with that in the positive control group (P < 0.0001).Melanin content index-1 (MCI-1) was significantly lower in the endothelin antagonist group than in the blank control group (P < 0.05),while no significant difference in MCI-2 was observed among the 3 groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Topical application of the endothelin antagonist has a certain therapeutic effect on UVB-induced pigmentation in guinea pigs.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 867-870, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485007


Objective To investigate the trend in incidence, causative drugs, clinical types and treatment of drug eruption. Methods Clinical data were collected from 922 inpatients with drug eruption in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2009 to December 2013, and analyzed retrospectively. Results From 2009 to 2013, the percentage of inpatients with drug eruption among all inpatients in the Department of Dermatology in a given year varied from 9.45% to 10.01%, and the percentage of inpatients with severe drug eruption among inpatients with drug eruption from 17.45% to 28.24%. Of the 922 cases, 371 (40.2%)were caused by single drugs, and 551 (59.8%)by multiple drugs. Among the 371 cases of drug eruption caused by single drugs, the top five causative drugs were traditional Chinese medicine(72 cases), cephalosporins(38 cases), amoxicillin(27 cases), antipyretic analgesics(26 cases)and tetanus antitoxin (24 cases)in 278 cases of non-severe drug eruption, antiepileptic agents (33 cases), allopurinol (28 cases), antipyretic analgesics (7 cases), cephalosporins (6 cases)and traditional Chinese medicine (6 cases)in 93 cases of severe drug eruption. Of the 922 patients, 422 (45.8%)presented with maculopapular eruption, 259 (28.1%)with urticaria, 135(14.6%)with Stevens-Johnson syndrome, 49(5.3%)with toxic epidermal necrolysis, 33(3.6%)with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), and 7 (0.8%)with acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP). A total of 791 (85.8%)patients with drug eruption received glucocorticoid treatment. The dose of glucocorticoids was(47.61 ± 12.07)mg prednisone equivalent per day in 550 patients with non-severe drug eruption, and (73.10 ± 18.23)mg prednisone equivalent per day in 221 patients with severe drug eruption. Totally, 110 (11.0%) patients with drug eruption were treated with combined intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)because of poor response to glucocorticoids alone. Of 224 patients with severe drug eruption, only 2 (0.9%)died. Conclusions Carbamazepine and allopurinol are the main causative drugs for severe drug eruption, while traditional Chinese medicine is the first causative drug for non-severe drug eruption. From 2009 to 2013, the annual mortality of severe drug eruption decreased considerably.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554303


Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of transcarotid artery chemotherapy for gliomas after surgery, and selection of drug, avenue of administration, and optional time for the therapy. Methods Beginning from 4 to 30 days after operation, Nimustine (ACNU, Japan) 2.5mg/kg was injected per carotid artery, once every week for three times as one course. A second course of treatment was given after an interval of 4 to 6 weeks. Results With the above regime, the effect was marked in 39 cases (18.8%), fairly effective in 44 cases (20.8%), only slightly effective in 59 cases (27.8%), no effect in 61 cases (28.8%), and failure in 5 cases (2.4%), the mean survival time was nearly 100 weeks. Conclusion Transcarotid artery chemotherapy for gliomas is helpful in prolonging survival period, with little side effects, easy to carry out, less expensive, and better accepted by the patients.