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1.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 752-756, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614149

ABSTRACT

Objective: To conduct a preliminary evaluation for the usability of Carelink remote monitoring system by clinical physician. Methods: A total of 215 patients received cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) with Carelink remote monitoring function from 12 hospitals in China between 2012-01 and 2013-10 were prospectively enrolled. The patient's mean age was (62.3±14.3) years including 108 male and 107 female. There were 54 physicians completed questionnaire survey. Based on the type of CIED, the patients were divided into3 groups: PM (pace maker) group,n=110, ICD (implantable cardioverter defibrillator) group,n=54 and CRT (cardiac resynchronization therapy) group,n=51. The patients received routine hospital visit at 3 months of CIED implantation and meanwhile, they performed device data transmission at 3 and 6 months of Carelink remote monitoring. The time physician spent to evaluate data was collected at 3 months and the questionnaire survey was completed by physician at 6 months after CIED implantation. Results: All 54 physicians felt that Carelink remote monitoring system was simple to operate and easy to use. There were 147 patients ifnished hospital visit at 3 months after CIED implantation, the mean time for physician to evaluate data was (14.8±8.4) min; 150 patients ifnished Carelink remote monitor at 3 months after CIED implantation, the mean time for physician to evaluate data was (8.2 ±4.6) min,P<0.0001.Conclusion: Carelink remote monitoring system was easy to use, it may save time in follow-up study which with high satisfaction in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602307

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the expression of mitochondrial phosphate carrier (PiC) in myocardial injury caused by doxorubicin, and the protective mechanism of curcumin in myocardial injury caused by doxorubicin .Methods 60 adult SD rats were randomly divided into three groups:control group, doxorubicin group, curcumin+doxorubicin group.Control group was injected 0.9% sodium chloride injection (2.5 mL/kg) by rat tail vein injection, one times per week, 6 times in total.Doxorubicin group was injected with 0.5 mg/mL doxorubicin which diluted with 0.9% sodium chloride injection by rat tail vein injection, and the dosage was 1.25 mg/kg(about 0.5 mL).Curcumin+doxorubicin group was injected the same dose doxorubicin as doxorubicin group.After that, 12 mg/mL curcumin injection was added with 30mg/kg by rat tail vein injection.one times per week, 6 times in total.The glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) assay kit, superoxide dismutase (SOD) assay kit and malondialdehyde (MDA) detection kits were used to test the oxidative stress levels in myocardial cells of SD rats.Flow cytometry is used to test the SD rat cardiomyocytes transferred level. Application of Western blot and Real-time PCR technology were used to detect expression of PiC.ResuIts The Gpx activity and SOD vitality in myocardial cells of SD rats in curcumin with doxorubicin group all significantly increased compare with those of doxorubicin group, and all decreased compare with those of control group.But the rate of myocardial apoptosis, content of malondialdehyde and expression of Slc25a3 gene and PiC protein from myocardial cells of SD rats from curcumin with doxorubicin group all significantly increased compare with those of control group , and all decreased compare with those of doxorubicin group.ConcIusion Doxorubicin could increase the expression of PiC in myocardial mitochondria, the levels of oxidative stress, and the apoptosis of myocardial cells, and the effect of curcumin could be effective against the injury induced by doxorubicin .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443012

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon; To study the prognosis of SCF patients and analyze the high risk factors of adverse events by follow-up.Methods 17930 patients were analyzed retrospectively who had undergone routine coronary angiography because of suspected coronary artery disease at TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from January 2006 to December 2010.By Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction Frame Count method,236 patients with normal coronary artery but slow coronary flow were enrolled in the SCF group and 240 patients with normal coronary artery and normal coronary flow (40-50patients per year) were enrolled in the control group.After that,the risk factors leading to SCF were analyzed by the multivariate logistic regression analysis and all patients were followed up from March 2012 to April 2012 to know about the incidence of adverse events (acute coronary syndrome,malignant arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death) and the high risk factors leading to the adverse events.Results (1) Compared to the patients in the control group,the patients in SCF group have higher percentage of male (76.69% vs.42.08%,P =0.000) 、rate of smokers (58.48% vs.27.50%,P =0.000) 、BMI (26.78 ±3.75 vs.26.13 ±3.20,P =0.043) 、serum uric acid (344.90 ± 86.18 vs.304.43 ±76.44,P =0.000) 、serum creatinine (68.27 ± 15.10 vs.60.92 ± 13.17,P =0.000)、triglyceride (1.85 ± 1.23 vs.1.65 ± 0.81,P =0.037) but younger age and lower high density lipoprotein cholesterol (1.14 ± 0.28 vs.1.19 ± 0.30,P =0.048).(2) By multivariate logistic regression analysis,male,smoking status,hiah BMI and serum uric acid are all independent factors for SCF.(3) The SCF phenomenon noted in lvessel,2 vessels and 3 vessels accounted for 7.29%,26.04%,66.67%,respectively.(4) During the follow-up,2 patients with malignant arrhythmia and 1 patients with ACS were found in SCF group,no sudden cardiac death took place.None of the adverse events happened in the control group.Conclusions Younger male smokers are prone to have SCF,high BMI and serum uric acid are also independent factors for SCF; The SCF phenomenon is most common in three coronary arteries.Both malignant arrhythmia and acute coronary syndrome took place in the SCF group in the follow-up.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437897

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of triple anti-platelet therapy (low-dose tirofiban plus aspirin and clopidogrel) comparing to dual anti-platelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) in preventing stent thrombosis (ST) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 30 days after implantation of drug-eluting stent (DES) in ACS patients.Methods A total of 2904 ACS patients treated with DES from March 2004 to November 2010 were enrolled for retrospective study.Of them,1145 patients were treated with dual anti-platelet therapy (DAT) and 1759 patients with triple anti-platelet therapy (TAT).The incidences of ST,MACE (cardiac death,urgent target vessel revasculanization and myocardial infarction) and side effects occurred within 30 days after PCI were compared between two groups by Fisher' s exact test.Results (1)Although there were significant differences in age,the degree of coronary stenosis,the number of smokers,diabetes,hyperlipidemia and coronary diffuse lesion between two groups,but these differences did not impact on the end point events showed by Cox analysis.The rest of the general condition of patients between two groups was no difference.(2) The incidence of ST as primary end point was lower in TAT group than that in DAT group (0.11% vs.1.05%,P =0.0036),reducing the relative risk by 89.52%.In addition,the incidence of MACT as secondary end point was also lower in TAT group than that in DAT group (0.17% vs.1.48%,P =0.0005),reducing the relative risk by 88.51%.Among the total,the incidences of cardiac death and urgent target vessel re-vascularization in TAT group were lower than those in DAT group with significant differences.However,there was no difference in the incidence of myocardial infarction between two groups.(3) Both two groups had no severe hemorrhage complication,the incidence of mild hemorrhage was similar in two groups (0.45% vs.0.35%,P =0.6720).Nesides,the incidence of acute thrombocytopenia between two groups was also similar (0.45% vs.0.09%,P =0.083).Conclusions The patients with ACS in the TAT group have significant lower incidence of ST and MACE than those in the DAT group within 30 days after PCI.While the risk of bleeding and the incidence of acute thrombocytopenia do not increase.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 448-451, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436239

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of co-administration of aspirin and low-dose clopidogrel in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after 1 year.Methods From March 2004 to September 2010,a total of 3366 patients with successful drug-eluting stents implantation after 1 year were divided into group A (aspirin combined with low-dose clopidogrel,n=1682) and group B (aspirin alone,n=1684).The average follow-up period was (29.5±16.3) months (19 months-76 months).The major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and clinical complications were evaluated.Results Rates of cardiovascular death were 0.1 %(2 cases) in combination group and 0.9% (15 cases) in aspirin group,the risk ratio (HR) was 0.154 [(95% CI:0.035 0.675),P<0.05].Myocardial infarction occurred in 9 patients (0.5%) in group A and 27 patients (1.6%) in group B,the risk ratio (HR) was 0.036 [(95% CI:0.153-0.741),P<0.01].Rates of stroke were 0.4% (7 cases) in group A and 1.6% (27 cases) in group B,the risk ratio (HR) was 0.301 [(95% CI:0.131 0.693),P < 0.01].Recurrent ischemia with rehospitalization occurred in 152 patients (9.0%) in group A and 274 patients (16.3%) in group B,the risk ratio (HR) was0.601 [(95% CI:0.491-0.735),P<0.01].The cumulative survival rate in patients died of cardiac causes was significantly better in group A than in group B (P<0.01).The cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events was significantly lower in group A than in group B (P<0.01).There were no significant differences in total number of deaths,target vessel revascularization,stent thrombosis,incidences of severe bleeding,mild bleeding,leukopenia and thrombocytopenia between the two groups (all P>0.05).Conclusions In patients with PCI after 1 year,the co-administration of aspirin and low-dose clopidogrel reduces the risks of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events,and does not increase the risks of bleeding and cytopenia.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Cel transplantation offers a new promise of rebuilding the damaged myocardium. But the results of them are not consistent. It is not clear if the transplanted cel s can permanently improve heart function and the mechanism underlying this therapeutic effect. OBJECTIVE:To study the effect of intracoronary autologous bone marrow mononuclear cel transplantation on cardiac function, and angiogenesis and cytokine production in canines with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS:Left anterior descending coronary artery ligation was used to produce acute myocardial infarction models in hybrid canines. Bone marrow mononuclear cel s were harvested by using puncture of anterior crest and posterior superior iliac spine to prepare cel suspension. Sixteen hybrid canines were randomly divided into transplantation group (n=10) and control group (n=6). Bone marrow mononuclear cel s (transplantation group, n=10) or normal saline (control group, n=6) were intracoronarily infused into infarction-related arteries 2 hours after acute myocardial infarction. To evaluate the heart function, we used echocardiography at 2 hours and 6 weeks after acute myocardial infarction. Capil ary density was assessed 6 weeks after transplantation by using von Wil ebrand factor test. The mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor 188, vascular endothelial growth factor 164, basic fibroblast growth factor and matrix metal oproteinase-9 in the infarct area were determined by reverse transcription-PCR at 6 weeks after transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In contrast to the control group, ejection fraction and stroke volume at 6 weeks after transplantation increased significantly in the transplantation group. The transplantation group had a greater amount of new vessels in the peri-infarct area than the control group. Compared with the control group, the mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor 188, vascular endothelial growth factor 164, and basic fibroblast growth factor significantly increased in the transplantation group, but the mRNA level of matrix metal oproteinase-9 significantly decreased in the transplantation group. These findings suggest that intracoronary transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cel s may improve the cardiac function, and increase capil ary density, especial y in the border zone of infarcted myocardium. Otherwise, bone marrow mononuclear cel transplantation can increase the mRNA levels of vascular endothelial growth factor 188, vascular endothelial growth factor 164, and basic fibroblast growth factor, but decrease the mRNA level of matrix metal oproteinase-9.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441718

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:A few of studies have showed similar efficacy and safety between domestic clopidogrel (Talcom?) and imported clopidogrel (Plavix?) in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention, but there is lack of large-scale, large sample, and prospective clinical comparative study in China. OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy and safety of Talcom?and Plavix?on percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS:Total y 1 798 patients with Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease who received percutaneous coronary interventions were divided to two groups:Talcom?group (n=1 104) and Plavix?group (n=694). 300 mg clopidogrel was administrated oral y before percutaneous coronary intervention fol owed by 75 mg/d clopidogrel sequential y for 1 year. Al the patients were fol owed for 3-28 months to observe the incidence rate of stent thrombosis at acute, subacute, late, and very late stage, major adverse cardiac events of combination end point (including myocardial infarction, cardiac death, and stroke), and correlated adverse reactions, such as bleeding. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There were no significant differences in the incidence of stent thrombosis, target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, bleeding, major bleeding and major adverse cardiac events of combination end point between Talcom?group and Plavix?group. In addition, event-free survival also showed no difference between the two groups. After treatment, white blood cellcount, erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count were significantly decreased in both the two groups (P<0.05). Hemoglobin level in the Talcom?group was fewer than that in the Plavix?group (P<0.05). The results suggest that effects and safety of Talcom?are similar to those of Plavix?for percutaneous coronary interventions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stem cell regeneration can repair injured myocardium. However, bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) transplantation for non-ischemic heart failure remains poorly understood.OBJECTIVE: To investigate effect of transplantation of autologous BM-MNCs on cardiac function in canine model of heart failure by rapid ventricular pacing. METHODS: Implantation and model control groups were subjected to model establishment of heart failure by rapid pacing of apex of right ventricle, and respectively injected with CM-DiI-labeled BM-MNCs and normal saline into myocardium. After 4 weeks, all dogs were sacrificed, and specimens of myocardium were collected from the apex, anterior wall and interventricular septum. All specimens were labeled by FITC. Myocardial fibrosis conditions of implanted cells were observed, collagen volume fraction was determined, and hemodynamic indexes were measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: BM-MNCs labeled by CM-DiI and FITC were observed in the transplantation group showing yellow fluorescence, while in the control group FITC-labeled green fluorescence was seen. HE and Masson staining showed that inflammatory cell infiltration in interstitial matrix, displaying interstitial fibrosis and myocardial fibrosis in model control group, but no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration or myocardial fibrosis was observed in the transplantation group, indicating a success model establishment of heart failure by rapid ventricular pacing. Compared with model control group, the collagen volume fraction decreased significantly (P < 0.05), ejection fracture remarkably increased (P < 0.05), but left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameter remained unchanged in the transplantation group (P > 0.05). Autologous BM-MNCs in canine model of heart failure show myocardium-like cells differentiation, and improve heart function, which possibly associate with the ability of inhibiting the myocardial fibrosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 32-34, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396858

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate standard diagnosis and treatment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage to improve the prognosis of the patients. Methods A retrospective study was done on 75 patients with CSF leakage from January 2004 to March 2007 in our hospital. There were 51 patients with rhinorrhea, nine with otorrhea and 15 with wound/incision leakage. Of all, 39 patients had traumatic leakage, 32 postoperative leakage and four spontaneous leakage. In the study, 23 patients were cured by position testing and drug therapy and 16 by cerebrospinal fluid drainage and/or wound debridement but 36 were treated with surgeries including craniotomy repair in 17, extracranial repair in 17 and CSF shunt in five (three received CSF shunt after repair). Results Of all, 64 patients were cured, 10 gained im-provement but one died. Conclusion Standard diagnosis and treatment of CSF leakage helps improve cure rate and reduce complications.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 672-675, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379725

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the alterations of serum protein in ESCC,compare alterations of serum protein with and without LM. Methods Serum samples were collected from 64 ESCC patients before operation and 60 cases with gender and age-matched healthy controls,special serum protein or peptide spectra was determined by SELDI-TOF-MS measurement after treating the sample onto weak cation exchange (WCX2) protein chip for each case. The serum protein profiles were compared by Biomarker Wizard Software between the ESCC patients and healthy controls, and among ESCC patients stratified according to gender, age, location of tumor, size of tumor, infiltration and with or without LM. Results (1)120 protein peaks were detected at the molecular range of 0 to 50000 in comparing of ESCC patients and healthy controls. 31 significantly different peaks were found between ESCC patients and healthy controls (P <0.05), 10 peaks were selected(P<0.01). (2) One significantly different protein peak (m/z 4174) was detected between T1 and T3, T4 (P<0.05). (3) There were three significantly different protein peaks (m/z 3970,4174 and 4277) between with LM and without LM (P<0.05).The peak (m/z 4174) was shared by two groups above. (4) No significant different protein was found when patients stratified according to gender, age, location of tumor and size of tumor. Conclusion Significant difference exists in serum proteins between ESCC patients and healthy controls. There are statistical difference exists in serum proteins between T1 and T3, T4, with LM and without LM. This difference is less than between ESCC patients and healthy controls. Some commonness is existed in serum protein fingerprint for patients with serious infiltration and with LM.

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