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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615603

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the contamination status of Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium in drinking water of Jiangsu Province,so as to provide the evidence for producing hygiene and safety drinking water. Methods A total of 28 water plants of 13 cities in Jiangsu Province were selected,and the source water(10 L),chlorinated water(100 L)and tap water(100 L) were collected separately in each site. The water samples were then treated by filtration,washing,centrifuging concentration, immune magnetic separation,and immunofluorescent assay,to detect the numbers of Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. Results Totally 84 samples from 13 cities were collected,including 28 source water,28 chlorinated water and 28 tap water samples. Among the chlorinated water and tap water samples,no Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts were found. Howev-er,Giardia cysts were detected in 3(10.71%,3/28)source water samples(Yancheng,Lianyungang,Changzhou cities),with the density of 1 cyst/10 L of all. Cryptosporidium oocysts were also detected in 3(10.71%,3/28)source water samples(Nan-jing,Zhenjiang,Yangzhou cities),with the density of 1 oocyst/10 L of all. Conclusions The source water in partial areas of Ji-angsu Province has been contaminated by Giardia and Cryptosporidium. To ensure the safety of drinking,the regulation of source water and surveillance of drinking water should be strengthened.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615590

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the integrated ability of parasitic disease prevention and control of professional person-nel of Jiangsu Province through the contest. Methods Totally 56 players from the whole province were selected,and all the players participated in the contest. The theory knowledge and skill scores were collected and the statistical analyses were con-ducted. Results The average theoretical score of the participants was 88.86±15.56 and the passing rate was 91.1%. The aver-age skill operating score was 69.16 ± 16.01 and the passing rate was 67.9%. The average Plasmodium microscopy score was 16.54±8.09 and the passing rate was 50%. The average helminth egg microscopy score was 34.27±10.66 and the passing rate was 67.9%. There were statistical differences among the age groups and different levels of schistosomiasis endemic situation (F =5.10,6.39,both P<0.01). The theoretical knowledge including schistosomiasis,malaria,hydatid disease and others and the score rates were 91.07%,90.94%,85.83%and 90.93%,respectively. The hydatid disease score rate was lower(χ2=19.17, P<0.01). The radar chart displayed that the score rates of tabletting and microscopy test in Kato-Katz film production ,malaria blood film production and microscopy test were all low. Conclusion In Jiangsu Province,the participants have higher score in the theory test. However,they have lower skill test score,especially in the parasite species identification. The operational skills still need to be strengthened for center for disease control(CDC)participants.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502864

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status of soil?transmitted nematode infections in rural residents so as to provide the evidence for formulating the guidance for prevention and control of the diseases. Methods The national surveillance sites of soil?transmitted nematode infections were established in Shuyang County,Suqian City,Jiangsu Province from 2006 to 2015. At least 1 000 fecal samples of residents aged 3 years or above were collected in every autumn,and the intestinal helminth eggs were detected with the Kato?Katz technique and the Enterubius vermicularis eggs were detected by the cellophane tape method for children aged 3-12 years. The soil samples were collected from vegetable fields,lavatories,courtyards and kitchens to exam?ine Ascaris lumbricoides eggs and larvae of hookworm. Results The infection rates of soil?transmitted nematodes in residents and E. vermicularis in children reduced from 1.81%(19/1 049)and 4.72%(5/106)in 2006 to 0.25%(3/1 180)and 0(0/263) in 2015,respectively,in the surveillance sites. The infection intensity was mild in all the infected cases. The soil samples were negative for detecting A. lumbricoides eggs and hookworm larvae. Conclusion The infection rates of soil?transmitted nema?todes in the residents and E. vermicularis in the children show a decreasing trend and keep at a low level of prevalence in Shuy?ang County.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488378

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 gene polymorphism on blood concentration,therapeutic efficacy and adverse effects of anti-depression drug duloxetine on depression patients in southern region of Fujian.Methods 82 patients with depression were selected from southern region of FuJian, China,and all participates received duloxetine for two weeks.Blood concentrations of duloxetine were detected by HPLC-MS,and CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 genotypes were determined by sequencing with the amplified PCR products from peripheral blood DNA.The therapeutic efficacy and adverse effects of duloxetine were evaluated by Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) and treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) respectively.Results Subjects were divided into GG,GA and AA three groups based on CYP1A2 * 1C genotyping.There was no significant difference in blood concentrations of duloxetine, dose-corrected blood concentrations, the reduction rate of HAMD and the reduction rate of TESS among the three groups.Results were the same with CYP1A2 * 1F,which were divided into CC, CA and AA three groups.Subjects was divided into CC, CT,TT three groups based on CYP2D6 * 10 locus genotyping.Blood concentrations of duloxetine were (13.89±3.22) ng · ml-1 , (16.08±4.24) ng · ml-1 , (17.25±4.62) ng · ml-1 respectively and there was significant difference(F=3.21, P<0.05).CC group was significantly lower than TT group(P<0.05) , and CT group was lower than TT group but without significant difference (P>0.05).Dose-corrected blood concentrations were (304.84± 103.76), (368.13± 143.49), (444.50± 195.58) respectively and there was significant difference(F=4.19, P<0.05), and CC group was significantly lower than TT group (P<0.05).The reduction rate of HAMD were 0.42±0.11,0.46±0.11,0.52±0.09 respectively and there was significant difference (F =6.29, P<0.05), and CC and CT group was significantly lower than TT group(P<0.05).The reduction rate of TESS were 1.14±0.66,1.48±0.69, 1.69±0.69 respectively and there was significant difference(F=3.38, P<0.05).CC group was significantly lower than TT group(P<0.05).Conclusion Among the 3 loci studied,only CYP2D6 * 10 locus within CYP2D6 gene can affect blood concentration,efficacy and adverse effects of duloxetine,which indicate that CYP2D6 gene polymorphism may contribute to therapeutic efficacy of duloxetine on depression in southern region of Fujian.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451622

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of infections of intestinal parasites of population in Taixing City,Ji-angsu Province. Methods The infection rates and densities of human intestinal parasites were investigated according to the methods of the National Investigation Scheme on Human Principal Parasites,and the data of society,economy and disease con-trol were collected and analyzed. Results Among 2 556 people investigated in five villages,16 persons were found with intesti-nal parasites, with an infection rate of 0.63%. The infection rate was higher in residents with a low education level than in others and it was higher in the age group over 50 years than in the group under 50 years. The infection density was mild and the most was the single parasite infection. Conclusions The current status of intestinal parasite infections of population in Taixing City has reached the county-level control standard of Jiangsu Province. Therefore,the preventive strategy and measures should be ad-justed and the monitoring work should be strengthened.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415241

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate non-hazardous treatment efficiency of night soil in the three-grille mode septic tanks so as to give the evidence to government for policy-making. Methods One hundred and thirty normally runningthree-grille mode septic tanks were surveyed in five cities of Jiangsu Province in 2009. The fecal samples from first chamber and wastewater samples from third chamber were collected and examined for fecal coliform (FC) , parasite eggs including Schistosoma japonicum eggs, As-caris eggs and hookworm eggs, chemical oxygen demand ( COD), five-day chemical oxygen demand (BOD_5) and ammonia nitrogen (NH,-N) in lab. The data were analyzed by statistical software SPSS 13.0. Results The mean qualified rates of FC in the first chamber and third chamber of septic tanks were 3.1% and 100% respectively, showing significant difference (P <0.001). Hookworm eggs and Ascaris eggs were found in the first chamber of one and four septic tanks respectively and the density was one or two eggs in one hundred milliliter. The mean removal rates of FC, COD, BOD_5 and NH_3 -N were (99.96 ± 0.03) % , (60.69 ± 21.77) % , (60.13 ± 23. 20 ) % and (44. 14 ± 24.61) % , respectively. For the value of FC, COD, BOD, and NH_3 -N, there were significant difference between the first chamber and the third chamber (P_(FC) =0.000 1, P_(COD) =0.000 1, P_(BOD5) =0.000 1, P_(NH3-N) = 0.000 1, P < 0.001). Conclusion The treatment efficiency of septic tank could meet the sanitary standard for non-hazardous treatment of night soil, and it could use as a useful primary facility for human feces and urine treatment in rural areas.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559658

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand and analyse the epidemic status of human intestinal nematode infection in Jiangsu Province, so as to provide basis for making control measures. Methods The typical thirty-nine spots in thirteen counties among the sampling spots of National Investigation on Distribution of Human Parasites in 1990 were selected and investigated according to the Methods of National Investigation Scheme on Human Principal Parasites in 2004. Results The total prevalence was 3.88%, which decreased by 46.92% compared with the investigation in 2002 (7.31%). The infection rates of hookworm, Ascaris and Trichuris were 1.14%, 1.06% and 1.73%, respectively, and the proportion of light infection was 91.75%. The rate of multiple infections was 9.40%. The proportion of hookworm infection was 78.06% in Southern Jiangsu and the proportion of Ascaris or Trichuris was 89.03% in Northern Jiangsu. The infection rate of Enterobius was 3.72% among children aged less than 12 years. Conclusions The prevalence of intestinal nematodes has decreased to lower level in Jiangsu Province. The difference of prevalence in different regions has a relationship with the disease control and social-economic, culture and health levels. The principal control work should be still put in the northern part of Jiangsu Province. The preschool children and the middle and old age peasants are high-risk population. The different control measures should be taken in accordance with the situation of different regions in the future.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558085

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status and characteristics of principal human parasitic infections in rural areas of Jiangsu Province in order to provide basis for decision-making of practical control measures. Methods The survey data of principal human parasites in 58 sample sites of 19 counties (cities or areas) in Jiangsu Province were analysed on family clustering by G test, according to the methods of National Investigation Scheme on Principal Human Parasites. Results The infection of Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, Trichuris trichinra and Clonorchis sinensis in the province had obvious family clustering, while those in each county (city or district) appeared different states in some-points with the changing of parasitic infection rates and infection degrees. Conclusions The infection rates and infection degrees of principal human parasites decrease obviously in Jiangsu Province. The family clustering is disappearing with the dropping of them. Chemotherapy in family and health education should be strengthened to consolidate the control results in future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561288

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the changes of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in rural residents of Jiangsu Province during 13 years and its influencing factors in order to provide the basis of making practical policies for ascariasis control in future. Methods The data were analyzed about the rates of Ascaris infection and mass chemotherapy, per capita income, and the rates of the use of running water and hygienic toilets in the southern part, the middle part and the northern part of Jiangsu Province from 1990 to 2002, and the main influencing factors for Ascaris infection were explored. Results The prevalence rate of Ascaris infection decreased continuously during 13 years, from 39.51% to 2.14%, and the decrease rate was 94.58%. In 2002, the infection rate was the lowest, only 0.41%, decreased by 98.92% in the middle part of Jiangsu Province, and the infection rate was the highest, 5.09%, decreased by 89.97% in the northern part of Jiangsu Province. The accumulated rates of mass chemotherapy were 159.00% in middle part of Jiangsu Province,103.00% in the southern part of Jiangsu Province and 105.00% in the northern part of Jiangsu Prvince.The per capita income, the use of running water and hygienic latrines increased gradually from the northern part to the southern part and there were significant differences in the 3 survey regions. Conclusion The Ascaris infection rate is influenced by mass chemotherapy, economics and health conditions in rural residents, especially the mass chemotherapy.

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