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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940792

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Youguiwan on the rats with adriamycin-induced nephrotic syndrome (NS) and its mechanism. MethodSD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, three Youguiwan low, medium, and high-dose groups, and a prednisone group. Rats in the model group were intravenously injected with adriamycin in the tail vein to induce the NS model. Rats in the Youguiwan low, medium, and high-dose groups were given 2.8, 5.6, 11.2 g·kg-1·d-1 of crude drugs, respectively, and rats in the prednisone group were given 6.3 mg·kg-1·d-1 of prednisone acetate. Each administration group was given continuous medicine for 6 weeks, and the normal group and model group were given an equal volume of normal saline. Bicinchoninic acid (BCA) assay was used to detect 24 h urine protein (24 h UP). Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect serum urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (SCr), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), and triglyceride (TG) levels. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe renal tissue morphology, and kit was used to detect serum advanced oxidized protein products (AOPPs) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Western blot was used to detect the receptor of advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) of renal tissue, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) phosphorylation levels, Wnt, and β-catenin protein expression. ResultAs compared with the normal group, 24 h UP, serum BUN, SCr, TC, TG, AOPPs, and ROS levels in the model group increased significantly (P<0.01), whereas ALB decreased (P<0.01). There were typical pathological injuries in the renal tissue, and the expressions of RAGE, phosphorylation(p)-NF-κB, Wnt1, and β-catenin protein were significantly increased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the 24 h UP, serum BUN, SCr, TC, TG, AOPPs, and ROS levels of rats in the Youguiwan low, medium, and high-dose groups significantly reduced (P<0.01), and ALB significantly increased (P<0.01). The renal tissue damage was reduced, and the expressions of RAGE, p-NF-κB, Wnt1, and β-catenin protein were significantly decreased (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. ConclusionYouguiwan improves the kidney injury of rats with adriamycin-induced NS. The mechanism may be related to the reduction of AOPPs level, inhibition of RAGE/ROS/NF-κB axis, and activation of Wnt/β-catenin signal.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 825-828, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667632

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the serum level of vitamin D in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD),and to investigate the relationship between the serum level of vitamin D and severity of AD in infants.Methods Clinical data were collected from patients with moderate to severe AD (AD group)through a questionnaire survey in Children's Hospital of Shanxi from February to April in 2016,and the severity of AD was evaluated by the SCORing atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) score.A total of 95 health checkup examinees served as the control group.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was performed to detect the serum level of 25 (OH) D3 in the AD group and control group,as well as the total serum IgE level in the AD group.Blood cell analyzer was used to determine the proportion of blood eosinophils in the AD group.Results A total of 97 patients with AD were enrolled into the study,including 43 (44.3 %) patients with moderate AD and 54 (55.7%) patients with severe AD.The serum level of 25 (OH) D3 was significantly lower in the AD group than in the healthy control group ([66.71 ± 21.07] nmol/L vs.[85.43 ± 14.87] nmol/L,P < 0.01),as well as in the patients with severe AD than in the patients with moderate AD ([47.54 ± 29.36] nmol/L vs.[63.89 ± 26.67] nmol/L,P =0.006).The proportion of blood eosinophils was significantly higher in the severe AD group than in the moderate AD group (0.124 ± 0.094 vs.0.061 ± 0.060,P < 0.001).There was no significant difference in the total serum IgE level between the moderate AD group and severe AD group (P =0.375).Among the patients with AD,the serum level of 25 (OH) D3 was negatively correlated with the proportion of blood eosinophils (r =-0.336,P < 0.05),but there was no correlation between the serum level of 25 (OH)D3 and total serum IgE level (r =-0.174,P > 0.05).The serum level of 25 (OH)D3 was significantly associated with breastfeeding and vitamin D supplementation (P < 0.05),but unrelated to age,gender,course of disease and acute exudative phase (all P > 0.05).Conclusion The serum level of 25 (OH) D3 is evidently decreased in infants with AD,and vitamin D deficiency is closely related to the severity of AD in infancy.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661742

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of regional synergistic treatment system on the treatment time and short-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of STEMI patients who admitted to emergency center of Suzhou Kowloon Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) from January 2013 to January 2017 were conducted. All patients were divided into two groups, group A was the patients who underwent the PPCI before the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system (from January 2013 to December 2014), and group B was the patients who received the treatment after the establishment of the area co-treatment system (from January 2015 to January 2017). The length of time from onset of symptoms to the balloon dilatation (S2B), the length of time from the first medical contact to the balloon dilatation (FMC2B), the length of time from entering the gate of hospital to the balloon dilatation (D2B), and the incidence of 90-day end point events (including heart failure, all-cause death, and other related adverse events) were collected. The relations of the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system and the incidence of 90-day end point events were analyzed by multivariable Logistic regression analysis.Results Among the 221 enrolled patients with STEMI, 83 patients were in group A and 138 patients were in group B respectively. Compared with group A, S2B time [minutes: 180 (140, 210) vs. 201 (154, 225)], FMC2B time [minutes: 89 (78, 100) vs. 94 (83, 107)] and D2B time [minutes: 66 (62, 70) vs. 85 (72, 99)] were significantly shortened in group B (allP < 0.05), the incidence of 90-day end point events were significantly decreased (heart failure:20.3% vs. 32.5%, all-cause death: 1.4% vs. 7.2%, other related adverse events: 23.2% vs. 36.1%, allP < 0.05). It was shown by multivariable Logistic regression analysis that the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system could lower the incidence of 90-day end point events [heart failure: odds ratio (OR) = 1.904, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.968-1.004, P = 0.048; all-cause death:OR = 11.724, 95%CI = 0.955-1.048,P = 0.013; other related adverse events:OR = 1.925, 95%CI = 1.049-3.530,P = 0.034].Conclusion The construction of regional synergistic treatment system can shorten the emergency treatment time of STEMI patients and reduce the incidence of 90-day end point events including heart failure and death.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658823

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of regional synergistic treatment system on the treatment time and short-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of STEMI patients who admitted to emergency center of Suzhou Kowloon Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) from January 2013 to January 2017 were conducted. All patients were divided into two groups, group A was the patients who underwent the PPCI before the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system (from January 2013 to December 2014), and group B was the patients who received the treatment after the establishment of the area co-treatment system (from January 2015 to January 2017). The length of time from onset of symptoms to the balloon dilatation (S2B), the length of time from the first medical contact to the balloon dilatation (FMC2B), the length of time from entering the gate of hospital to the balloon dilatation (D2B), and the incidence of 90-day end point events (including heart failure, all-cause death, and other related adverse events) were collected. The relations of the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system and the incidence of 90-day end point events were analyzed by multivariable Logistic regression analysis.Results Among the 221 enrolled patients with STEMI, 83 patients were in group A and 138 patients were in group B respectively. Compared with group A, S2B time [minutes: 180 (140, 210) vs. 201 (154, 225)], FMC2B time [minutes: 89 (78, 100) vs. 94 (83, 107)] and D2B time [minutes: 66 (62, 70) vs. 85 (72, 99)] were significantly shortened in group B (allP < 0.05), the incidence of 90-day end point events were significantly decreased (heart failure:20.3% vs. 32.5%, all-cause death: 1.4% vs. 7.2%, other related adverse events: 23.2% vs. 36.1%, allP < 0.05). It was shown by multivariable Logistic regression analysis that the establishment of the acute chest pain area co-treatment system could lower the incidence of 90-day end point events [heart failure: odds ratio (OR) = 1.904, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.968-1.004, P = 0.048; all-cause death:OR = 11.724, 95%CI = 0.955-1.048,P = 0.013; other related adverse events:OR = 1.925, 95%CI = 1.049-3.530,P = 0.034].Conclusion The construction of regional synergistic treatment system can shorten the emergency treatment time of STEMI patients and reduce the incidence of 90-day end point events including heart failure and death.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 201-204, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447643

ABSTRACT

Objective This clinical research will compare the constitution of patients with positive and negative family history in order to study on the relation between TCM constitution and the familial hereditary in type 2 diabetes patients.Methods The data of family history,general conditions,Chinese medical constitutional types of 231 type 2 DM patients in Dongzhimen Hospital were collected and analyzed.Results Among patients with family history,the number of patients' mothers with diabetes was significantly more than that of fathers'(x2=22.319,P<0.05).There was a positive correlation between phlegm-dampness constitution r=0.215,blood stagnant constitution r=0.268 and female patients' family history(P<0.01).And there was a positive correlation between the familial hereditary of DM and the familial hereditary of hypertension r=0.328,hyperlipidemia r=0.223,obesity r=0.151 and coronary artery diseases r=0.215.Conclusion Among type 2 DM,female had stronger familial hereditary.It indicated that diabetic mothers had a stronger influence on following generations than diabetic fathers,especially those female patients of phlegm-dampness constitution or blood stagnant constitution.There was inner correlation between the familial hereditary of DM and the familial hereditary of hypertension,hyperlipidemia,obesity and coronary artery disease.

6.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1587-1591, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440848

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to build up a diagnosis and treatment procedure of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for HIV/AIDS headache. Domestic and foreign articles correlated to HIV/AIDS headache diagnosed and treat-ed by TCM were summarized. The specialist questionnaire of clinical diagnosis and treatment standard operating pro-cedures of TCM for HIV/AIDS headache was designed by focus group discussions. And the national specialist ques-tionnaire survey was carried out twice. The results showed that the standard operating procedure of TCM clinical di-agnosis, treatment, nursing and therapeutic efficacy assessment for HIV/AIDS headache was preliminarily established. It was concluded that this regulation identified concept, etiology and pathogenesis of HIV/AIDS, established TCM standard diagnosis and treatment service. It also demonstrated features of propaganda and education, follow-ups, con-secutive diagnosis and treatment inside or outside the hospital.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 451-456, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415844

ABSTRACT

Neurovascular unit is a new paradigm to explore pathophysiology of central nerve system. Its components constitute complex networks for maintaining the steady-state microenvironment of neurons. This article reviews the steady-state changes, related diseases, and neurovascular unit protection among all the components of neurovascular unit, mainly focuses on the neurovascular coupling, ion signal of neurovascular unit, channel regulation, neurovascular regeneration and nutritional factors, as well as the pathological changes of neurovascular unit of ischemic stroke and related control methods.

8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 522-526, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387336

ABSTRACT

The vascular depression is a subtype of depression.It has its specificity in clinical features,imaging,and treatment outcome etc.This article reviews the advances in research on the aspects of risk factors,pathogenesis,diagnosis,clinical features,and outcomes of vascular depression,particularly the vascular risk factors,steady-state changes in the neurovascular unit,immune cytokine activation,imaging characteristics of white matter damage and treatment of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as well as its correlation with dementia and cardiocerebrovascular diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 946-947, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972092

ABSTRACT

@#The psychological adjustment of disabled athletes generally experienced five times,psychosocial rehabilitation of disabled athletes should be targeted for education and other cognitive therapy.To find out the psychological features of disabled athletes,take health education such as the psycho-social rehabilitation is of far-reaching significance to help disabled athletes restoring good mental state,raising the level of mental health,reconstructing social behavior,and re-entrying society as soon as.

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