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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818365

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome of critical illness in the world, with high incidence in critically ill patients and having strong association with short-term and long-term poor prognosis in patients. It carries an increased risk of mortality, chronic kidney disease (CKD), end stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular adverse events, causing a huge burden of disease around the world. Yet AKI can be preventable and treatable. With the continuous exploration into the clinical research of AKI, renal recovery becomes a new target for AKI prevention and treatment. Here, we focused on influence factors of kidney recovery after AKI, integrating the new advances in AKI early risk prediction, early identification of AKI based on biomarkers, AKI electronic alert system, AKI care Bundle and standardized acute renal replacement therapy, to clarify how to prevent and treat AKI to accelerate renal recovery.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2716-2723, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803230

ABSTRACT

Background@#Endostatin, a biologically active fragment of collagen XVIII, has been observed in patients with ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether endostatin overexpression could attenuate cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA) signaling pathway.@*Methods@#This study was examined in vivo in rats and in vitro in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes treated with angiotensin (Ang) II to model cardiac hypertrophy. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into adenovirus (Ad)-green fluorescent protein, Ang II, Ad-endostatin, and Ang II + Ad-endostatin groups (n = 6 in each group). Four weeks later, all the rats were weighed and sacrificed after transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac function was evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography, cardiomyocyte size was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were evaluated by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction or Western blotting, PKA level was evaluated by Western blotting, and cAMP level was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Statistical significance among multiple groups was evaluated by one-way analysis of variance.@*Results@#Endostatin overexpression reduced the increases in left ventricle (LV) mass (P = 0.0063), LV mass/body weight (BW) (P = 0.0013), interventricular septal thickness (IVS) in diastole (P = 0.0013), IVS in systole (P = 0.0056), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPW) in diastole (P = 0.0291), LVPW in systole (P = 0.0080), heart weight (HW) (P = 0.0138), HW/BW (P = 0.0001), and HW/tibial length (P = 0.0372) in Ang II-treated rats. In addition, endostatin overexpression reduced cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area expansion, and reduced the levels of ANP and BNP in Ang II-treated rats (P = 0.0251 and 0.0477 for messenger RNA [mRNA]), and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (P = 0.0188 and P = 0.0024 for mRNA; P = 0.0023 and 0.0013 for protein, respectively). Additionally, endostatin overexpression reduced the increase of cAMP (P = 0.0054) and PKA (P = 0.0328) levels in cardiomyocytes treated with Ang II. Treatment with cAMP reversed the effects of endostatin overexpression on ANP (P = 0.0263) and BNP (P = 0.0322) levels in cardiomyocytes induced by Ang II.@*Conclusion@#Endostatin overexpression could alleviate cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the cAMP-PKA signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2716-2723, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774874

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endostatin, a biologically active fragment of collagen XVIII, has been observed in patients with ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether endostatin overexpression could attenuate cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA) signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#This study was examined in vivo in rats and in vitro in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes treated with angiotensin (Ang) II to model cardiac hypertrophy. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into adenovirus (Ad)-green fluorescent protein, Ang II, Ad-endostatin, and Ang II + Ad-endostatin groups (n = 6 in each group). Four weeks later, all the rats were weighed and sacrificed after transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac function was evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography, cardiomyocyte size was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were evaluated by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction or Western blotting, PKA level was evaluated by Western blotting, and cAMP level was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Statistical significance among multiple groups was evaluated by one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#Endostatin overexpression reduced the increases in left ventricle (LV) mass (P = 0.0063), LV mass/body weight (BW) (P = 0.0013), interventricular septal thickness (IVS) in diastole (P = 0.0013), IVS in systole (P = 0.0056), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPW) in diastole (P = 0.0291), LVPW in systole (P = 0.0080), heart weight (HW) (P = 0.0138), HW/BW (P = 0.0001), and HW/tibial length (P = 0.0372) in Ang II-treated rats. In addition, endostatin overexpression reduced cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area expansion, and reduced the levels of ANP and BNP in Ang II-treated rats (P = 0.0251 and 0.0477 for messenger RNA [mRNA]), and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (P = 0.0188 and P = 0.0024 for mRNA; P = 0.0023 and 0.0013 for protein, respectively). Additionally, endostatin overexpression reduced the increase of cAMP (P = 0.0054) and PKA (P = 0.0328) levels in cardiomyocytes treated with Ang II. Treatment with cAMP reversed the effects of endostatin overexpression on ANP (P = 0.0263) and BNP (P = 0.0322) levels in cardiomyocytes induced by Ang II.@*CONCLUSION@#Endostatin overexpression could alleviate cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the cAMP-PKA signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507873

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate changes in serum levels of antinuclear antibody(ANA), anti?double?stranded DNA(dsDNA)antibody and anti?extractable nuclear antigen(ENA)antibody before and after anti?tumor necrosis factor?α(TNF?α)therapy in psoriatic patients. Methods Clinical data obtained from 32 patients with psoriasis were analyzed retrospectively. Of the 32 patients, 13 received intravenous injection of 5 mg/Kg infliximab at week 0, 2, 6 for 3 sessions, then once every 8 weeks(infliximab group), while other 19 received subcutaneous injection of 25 mg etanercept twice every week(etanercept group). The treatments in the 2 groups both lasted more than 3 months. Serum levels of ANA, anti?dsDNA antibody and anti?ENA antibody and changes of clinical symptoms were detected and observed respectively before each treatment in the infliximab group, as well as every 3- 6 months in the etanercept group. The 75%reduction in psoriasis area and severity index(PASI75)and disease activity score of 28 joints(DAS28) were used to evaluate clinical efficacy. Serum levels of ANA, anti?dsDNA antibody and anti?ENA antibody were measured by indirect immunofluorescence(IIF)assay, Western blot analysis combined with enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and Western blot analysis, respectively. Results After 3?month treatment, the 32 patients achieved clinical remission to different extents. Of 32 patients receiving anti?TNF?αtherapy, 7(21.9%)developed new autoantibodies. Concretely speaking, 4 patients in the infliximab group developed autoantibodies in 8.3 ± 5.1 months, including 3 cases positive for ANA and 3 for anti?ENA antibody. Three patients in the etanercept group developed autoantibodies in 9.0 ± 3.0 months, including 3 cases positive for ANA and 1 for anti?ENA antibody. Conclusion Partial patients with psoriasis may develop autoantibodies after anti?TNF?αtherapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664466

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the significance of the related parameters of the abduction angle ,anteversion angle and summit arc angle in the intraoperative localization of anterior column and anterior wall acetabular fractures .Methods The safety angle of abduction angle ,an-teversion angle,summit arc angle and anterior wall acetabular of 318 adult pelvic specimen(109 males and 109 females) were measured.The data was statistical analyzed.Results For the male pelvic specimen,the measured values of abduction angle of acetabulum was (43.5 ± 2.9)°, anteversion angle was (13.7 ±5.2)°,summit arc angle inside was(25.5 ±7.3)°,summit arc angle front was(37.8 ±7.2)°,sum-mit arc angle back(49.9 ±12.7)°.For female pelvic specimen,the measured values of abduction angles of acetabulum was (44.1 ±3.2)° and anteversion angle was (14.3 ±4.9)°,summit arc angle inside was(27.1 ±6.5)°,summit arc angle front was(36.3 ±9.2)°,summit arc angle back was(52.3 ±13.6)°.According to '2-7' sector method, the thickness of different point of anterior wall was measured .There were statistically significant differences in abduction angles ,anteversion angle and summit arc angle (P<0.05).And there was no statistically sig-nificant difference in the thickness of anterior column and anterior wall between the above three one angles (P>0.05),there was no signifi-cant difference in the acetabular abduction angle ,anteversion angle and summit arc angle between males and females .Conclusion The intra-operative localization of acetabulum abducted angle ,anteversion angle and summit arc angle in the acetabulum anterior column and anterior wall fractures can achieve satisfactory therapeutic effect .

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 132-138, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779831

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to clarify the chemical constituents in Yuanhu Zhitong prescription (YHZT), a rapid high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF/MS) method was established. Based on the high resolution MS spectra data, fragmentation ion information, reference standards data and literature reports, 51 peaks including 28 alkaloid compounds and 23 coumarin compounds were identified. The chemical constituents in YHZT were rapidly, accurately, systematically analyzed. The results lay a foundation for the quality control of effective compounds of YHZT.

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 34-38, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application of Retzius-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RS-RARP) in the treatment of early-stage prostate cancer.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 10 cases of early-stage prostate cancer treated by RS-RARP with the Da Vinci Robot Surgical System from September to October 2016.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed without positive surgical margins. The operation time was 170-250 min ([196±25] min), the intraoperative blood loss was 150-500 ml ([260±128] ml), the postoperative hospital stay was 6-7 days, and the catheterization time was 14 days. Urinary continence occurred after catheter removal in 1 patient and was recovered 1 month later.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RS-RARP is a safe, effective and reliable method for the treatment of prostate cancer and conducive to the early recovery of urinary continence.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Length of Stay , Male , Margins of Excision , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Postoperative Period , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1302-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779312

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Corydalis Rhizoma were identified in the 60% ethanol extract using high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF/MS). The stimulation and inhibition effects of Corydalis Rhizoma and its representative compounds (protopine, palmatine, tetrahydropalmatine) on G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), including 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor (5-HT1A), μ opioid receptor (OPRM1), β2 adrenergic receptor (ADRB2), dopamine receptor (D2), acetylcholine receptor (M2) and thromboxane-prostaglandin receptor (TP) were explored using the fluorescence assay of intracellular calcium ion. As a result, 31 compounds were obtained and 28 alkaloid compounds were identified. The results of GPCR experiments showed that Corydalis Rhizoma could activate 5-HT1A, OPRM1, ADRB2 receptors and block D2 receptor. Protopine showed antagonism on D2 and M2 receptors, tetrahydropalmatine could agitate ADRB2 receptor and antagonize D2 and TP receptors, while palmatine showed no significant biological activity on the 6 GPCRs. In conclusion, Corydalis Rhizoma may exert biological activity by multi-components acting on multi-targets.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305287

ABSTRACT

To provide accurate information on geographic distribution of crude drug Sailonggu in the plateau, we identified zokor species (Eospalax spp.) in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau using molecular methods. Based on the mitochondrial cytochrome B (cytb) gene sequences, we then extracted haplotypes from these sequences and reconstructed phylogenetic trees for the haplotypes using both maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods. Based on the trees, the species of each sample were determined. Five hundred and three samples from 35 populations were sequenced and their whole cytb sequences (1140 bp) were obtained. From these sequences 150 haplotypes were detected, in which, 126 were Eospalax baileyi, 20 were E. cansus, and 4 were E. smithi of the 35 populations, 28 were E. baileyi type, 5 were E. cansus type, and the remaining 2 were mixed of E. baileyi + E. cansus (DT2) and E. baileyi + E. smithi (ZN3). The results showed that, the regions around the Qinghai lake and near the upper stream of Yellow River started at Guide could be viewed as the producing area of authentic Sailonggu, and also, the cytb gene is a powerful molecular marker to determine the species of zokors as well as for the authentication of geographic distribution of Sailonggu.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone and Bones , Metabolism , Haplotypes , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Phylogeny , Rodentia , Classification , Genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 320-322, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the effect of laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation of T1aN0M0 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with regular follow-up.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All patients underwent surgery from March 2006 to March 2009. Eight cases were solitary kidney. Twenty-two cases of left RCC and 18 cases of right RCC were diagnozed by ultrasonography and CT scanning.All of the cases were T1aN0M0 stage. No metastasis was found by iconography test. By ultrasound positioning, laparoscopic radiofrequency were performed on the renal tumor. All patients were followed up with eGFR and enhanced-CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients underwent laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation surgery successfully. The mean operation time was (101 ± 19) minutes and the mean blood loss was (90 ± 14) ml (no blood transfusion pre- and post-operation). During postoperative follow-up, enhanced CT revealed complete ablation in 39 cases (the success rate was 97.5%), and 1 residue tumor was confirmed by enhanced CT 7 days post operation. This patient was under close surveillance because of solitary kidney. No progression of the residue tumor was found during the follow-up. One case of recurrence was confirmed by enhanced CT in 6 month after operation. The 3-year recurrence rate was 2.5%. No further intervation was performed on this patient and no change was found in the recurrence area during the follow-up. Both 3-year total survival rate and 3-year cancer specific survival rate were 100%. The mean eGFR was (72 ± 9) ml/(min·1.73 m(2)) in 3 years after surgery. There was no significant difference between pre-and post-operation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mid-term follow-up results show the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation in the treatment for T1aN0M0 RCC and have no negative influence on the renal function.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Mortality , General Surgery , Catheter Ablation , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 887-890, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the clinical characteristics of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) with kidney stones.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 23 cases undergoing diagnostic evaluation and surgery for PHPT combined with kidney stones between January 2004 and February 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. The 23 cases had undergone preoperative parathyroid neck color ultrasound, CT or (99)mTc-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile ((99)mTc-MIBI) diagnosis. The surgical treatment included parathyroid disease and kidney stones. The intravenous calcium, phosphorus and serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels, 24 hours urinary calcium concentrations were measured 3 days before and 7 days after surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 8 male and 15 female patients. The stone diameter were (3.2 ± 0.7) cm (range 2.1-4.0 cm). All patients did both parathyroid surgery and kidney surgery. The statistical discrepancy of serum calcium (there were (3.31 ± 0.39) mmol/L before surgery and (2.12 ± 0.18) mmol/L at 7 days after surgery, t = 11.26), serum phosphorus ((0.70 ± 0.09) and (1.21 ± 0.21) mmol/L in before and after surgery respectively, t = 10.53), iPTH (there were (28.8 ± 10.0) pmol/L before surgery and (3.6 ± 2.6) pmol/L after surgery, t = 12.83) and 24-hours urine calcium (there were (7.2 ± 3.1) mmol/d before surgery and (3.6 ± 2.5) mmol/d after surgery, t = 8.81) before and after the operation was significant (all P < 0.01). PTH concentration with serum calcium concentration correlation coefficient was r = 0.59 (P < 0.01). Eighteen patients (78.3%) had solitary parathyroid adenomas, two patients (8.7%) had multiple parathyroid adenomas, and three patients (13.0%) had multiglandular hyperplasia confirmed at surgery and histology. During follow-up, 8 patients had stone recurrence and 3 patients were did operation again to deal with renal stone within 2 years. Among them, 7 cases were normal, 1 case of parathyroid adenomas recurrence and reoperation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The parathyroid operation may reduce the calculus recurrence remarkably. Early diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism is helpful to reduce the calculus recurrence and preserve the renal function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , General Surgery , Kidney Calculi , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 853-856, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate let-7c's effect on the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell HCCLM3 by transient transfection and the mechanism inside.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lipofectamine 2000 was used to transfect miRNAs into HCCLM3 cells. The cells were divided into three groups, let-7c group: let-7c was transfected, negative control group: negative control miRNA was transfected, blank control group: nothing was transfected. The proliferation of HCCLM3 cells was evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The cell cycles of each group were assayed by flow cytometry. Western blot and Real time PCR were used to analyze the protein and mRNA expressions of cyclin D1. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 17.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The absorbances of let-7c group were 0.70 ± 0.05, 0.77 ± 0.09 at 48 h and 72 h after transfection, lower than that of blank control group (0.97 ± 0.10, 1.21 ± 0.12) and negative control group (0.91 ± 0.07, 1.12 ± 0.09), 48 h: F = 14.431, P < 0.05, 72 h: F = 21.146, P < 0.05. The flow cytometry at 72 h after transfection revealed that let-7c increased the percentage of cells in G1 phase. The percentage of blank control group was 43.53% ± 0.86%, the negative control group was 44.82% ± 0.77%, and the let-7c group was 54.52% ± 0.13%, F = 240.739, P < 0.05. let-7c suppressed expressions of cyclin D1 at both protein and mRNA levels. The protein levels of cyclin D1 were 0.48 ± 0.09, 0.47 ± 0.06 and 0.23 ± 0.06 (F = 11.316, P < 0.05) in blank control group, negative control group and let-7c group, respectively. The mRNA levels were 1.03% ± 0.29%, 1.01% ± 0.11% and 0.63% ± 0.14% (F=6.315, P < 0.05) in the above three groups, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Let-7c can inhibit proliferation of HCCLM3 cells and increase the proportion of cells in G1 phase. The mechanism may be that let-7c represses the expressions of cyclin D1 at both protein and mRNA levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379957

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of ultrasonic microbubble combined with bevacizumab (Avastin) on choroidal neovascularization induced by photocoagulation in rabbits.Methods CNV was induced by photocoagulation with argon laser in 30 rabbits (60 eyes).All of the rabbits underwent fundus fluorecein angiography (FFA) 21 days after photocoagulation;6-8 hours later,3 rabbits were randomly chosen to be executed to having the immunohistochemical examination.Twenty-one days after photocoagulation,27 rabbits were divided randomly into 3 groups:bevacizumb,ultrasonic microbubble+bevacizumb,and control group;each group has 9 rabbits (18 eyes).The rabbits in control group had no interference treatment;while the rats in bevacizumb and ultrasonic microbubble+bevacizumb group underwent injection with bevacizumb or ultrasonic microbubble+bevacizumb respectively.FFA was performed on all of the rabbits 7,14,and 28 days after photocoagulation to observe the inhibition of CNV;immunofluorecence and Western blot were used to detect the expression of VEGF in retina and choroid.Twenty-eight days is the time point to determine the therapeutic efficacy.The expression of VEGF and the results of FFA were the sdandards of the judgement of therapeutic efficacy.Results Proliferaion of CNV to the retinal inner layer and the obvious leakage of fluoresein in the photocoagulation area indicated that the model of CNV was set up successfully.Twenty-eight days after injection,obvious fluorescent leakage was found in the control group,and the average fluorescent leakage in bevacizumab group differed much from the control group(t=16.2952,P<0.05);while the difference between ultrasonic microbubble+bevacizumb group and bevacizumab group was also significant (t=4.7955,P<0.05).At the same time point,the expression of VEGF in bevacizumab group detected by immunofluorecent assay and Western blot differed much from the control group (t=7.0327,9.2596;P<0.05),and the difference of VEGF between ultrasonic microbubble+bevacizumb group and bevacizumab group was significant (t=2.9724,17.1937;P<0.05).this experiment show that ultrasound combined bevacizumab intravitreal injection of the therapeutic effect of CNV superior to other groups(P<0.01).Conclusion Ultrasound microbubble combined with bevacizumab injection may improve the therapeutic effect on CNV by inhibiting the expression of VEGF.

17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 834-837, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic cryoablation (LCA) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between April 2005 and March 2009, 47 patients were treated with minimally invasive nephron sparing surgery (LPN or LCA) for RCC. The LCA group included 18 selected primary RCC cases (14 men and 4 women, mean age 63 years). There were 6 tumors located in the left, 11 located in the right and 1 located bilaterally. The maximum diameter of tumors was 1.5 - 5.0 cm (mean: 2.9 cm). The LPN group included 29 renal tumors patients (19 men and 10 women, mean age 61 years). The maximum diameter of tumors in this group was 2.0 - 4.5 cm (mean: 2.8 cm). Changes of hemoglobin (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), serum creatinine (SCr) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after operations were compared between LCA group and LPN group. The operative time, average intra-operative bleeding volume, postoperative hospital stay and incidence of postoperative complications of the 2 groups were analyzed and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 2 surgical procedures were both successful. There was no significant change of Hb, ESR, SCr and GFR after operations in LCA group and LPN group (P > 0.05). The operative time was (94 ± 29) min and (146 ± 45) min in LCA group and LPN group, respectively. The average estimated blood loss was (37 ± 20) ml and (274 ± 69) ml. The postoperative hospital stay was (4 ± 2) d and (10 ± 2) d. These differences between the 2 groups were significant (P < 0.01). No laparoscopic operative complications were noted in LCA group. Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1, 3, and 6 months identified the punched-out, nonenhancing, spontaneously resorbing, renal cryolesion. LCA group had completed a minimum follow-up of 6 months (mean 16, range 6 to 21 months). No evidence of local or port-site recurrence was found, and no patient developed metastatic disease. 3 - 36 months' (mean 20 months) follow-up showed no recurrence of tumors or metastatic disease in LPN group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LCA for RCC is an accurate and effective intervention with a relatively low incidence of complications, and is superior to LPN in operative time, intraoperative bleeding volume and postoperative recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , General Surgery , Cryosurgery , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 423-427, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295047

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of the TRPV6 gene silencing by small interfering RNA (siRNA) on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of human prostate cancer LNCaP cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We constructed two siRNA sequences (siTRPV6-1 and siTRPV6-2) targeting the TRPV6 gene and then transfected them into LNCaP cells mediated by liposome. The transcription of TRPV6 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR, and the effects of siRNA on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of the LNCaP cells were determined by MITT and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both siTRPV6-1 and siTRPV6-2 significantly suppressed the expression of TRPV6 mRNA in the LNCaP cells, and the expression was decreased with the extension of time, by 73 and 77% respectively at 72 h after transcription with siTRPV6-1 and siTRPV6-2 as compared with the blank control group (P < 0.01). The proliferation inhibition rates were the highest (34.53 and 29.32%) at 48 h in comparison with 24 and 72 h (P < 0.05). The number of cells was significantly increased in the GO and G1 phases and decreased in the S phase after siTRPV transfection (P < 0.01). The apoptosis rates of LNCaP cells were 14.45 and 12.73% respectively at 48 h after transfected with siTRPV6-1 and siTRPV6-2, significant higher than in the blank control and negative control groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TRPV6-targeted siRNA can effectively inhibit the transcription of TRPV6 mRNA, inhibit the proliferation of LNCaP cells, arrest their cycles in the G0 and G1 phases, and induce their apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Calcium Channels , Genetics , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Pharmacology , TRPV Cation Channels , Genetics , Transfection
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2711-2717, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307832

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Many studies have suggested that the imbalance of angiogenic factor and anti-angiogenic factor expression contributes significantly to the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and ultrasound microbubble combination system can increase the gene transfection efficiency successfully. This study was designed to investigate whether ultrasound-mediated microbubble destruction could effectively deliver therapeutic plasmid into the retina of rat, and whether gene transfer of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) could inhibit CNV.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human retinal pigment epithelial cells were isolated and treated either with ultrasound or plasmid alone, or with a combination of plasmid, ultrasound and microbubbles to approach feasibility of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound enhance PEDF gene expression; For in vivo animal studies, CNV was induced by argon lasgon laser in rats. These rats were randomly assigned to five groups and were treated by infusing microbubbles attached with the naked plasmid DNA of PEDF into the vitreous of rats followed by immediate ultrasound exposure (intravitreal injection); infusing liposomes with the naked plasmid DNA of PEDF into the vitreous (lipofectamine + PEDF); infusing microbubbles attached with PEDF into the orbit of rats with ultrasound irradiation immediately (retrobular injection); infusing microbubbles attached with PEDF into the femoral vein of rats with exposed to ultrasound immediately (vein injection). The CNV rats without any treatment served as control. Rats were sacrificed and eyes were enucleated at 7, 14, and 28 days after treatment. Gene and protein expression of PEDF was detected by quantitative real-time RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. The effect of PEDF gene transfer on CNV was examined by fluorescein fundus angiography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In vitro cell experiments showed that microbubbles with ultrasound irradiation could significantly enhance PEDF delivery as compared with microbubbles or ultrasound alone. In the rat CNV model, transfection efficiency mediated by ultrasound/microbubbles was significantly higher than that by lipofectamine-mediated gene transfer at 28 days after treatment. The study also showed that with the administration of ultrasound-mediated microbubbles destruction, the CNV of rats was inhibited effectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ultrasound-microbubble technique could increase PEDF gene transfer into rats' retina and chorioid, in association with a significant inhibition of the development of CNV, suggesting that this noninvasive gene transfer method may provide a useful tool for clinical gene therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Choroidal Neovascularization , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Female , Genetic Therapy , Humans , Microbubbles , Nerve Growth Factors , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Long-Evans , Retina , Metabolism , Serpins , Genetics , Transfection , Ultrasonics
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 52-54, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237832

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To introduce the method to monitor intrapelvic perfusion pressure during minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL), and to observe the effect of high pressure intrapelvic perfusion on recovery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The end of F5 ureteral catheter and aseptic transducer were connected by self-made connecter. During the operation, 46 renal calculi cases were monitored, and the early complication, such as fever, pain index, drop of hemoglobin, the stone-free rate and hospital stay were investigated. And the relationship between the variation of pressure and recovery was studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intrapelvic perfusion pressure ranged from 3 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) to 50 mm Hg during the course of MPCNL. The definition of high pressure was the time of the pressure more than 30 mm Hg not less than 10 min. Postoperative fever rate, pain index, drop of hemoglobin and hospital stay in the high pressure were significantly higher than low pressure group (P< or =0.05). There was no difference of the stone-free rate in two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the course of MPCNL intrapelvic perfusion pressure should be monitor immediately. It should be careful to maintain the time of pressure more than 30 mm Hg less than 10 min for stable postoperative recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Kidney Calculi , General Surgery , Kidney Pelvis , Male , Middle Aged , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Pressure , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
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