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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913811

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study assessed the correlation between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) biomarkers and the eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the prognostic values of IgG antibodies against replication and transcription activator (Rta-IgG), IgA antibodies against Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1, and BamH1 Z transactivator (Zta-IgA) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Serum EBV antibody levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 435 newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC patients administered intensity-modulated radiation therapy±chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). @*Results@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were positively correlated with the N category and clinical stage. Patients with high Rta-IgG levels (> 29.07 U/mL) showed a significantly inferior prognosis as indicated by PFS (77% vs. 89.8%, p=0.004), distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS) (88.3% vs. 95.8%, p=0.021), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) (91.2% vs. 98.3%, p=0.009). High Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS and LRFS in multivariable analyses. In the low-level EBV DNA group (≤ 1,500 copies/mL), patients with high Rta-IgG levels had significantly inferior PFS and DMFS (both p < 0.05). However, in the high-level EBV DNA group, Rta-IgG levels were not significantly associated with PFS, DMFS, and LRFS. In the advanced T category (T3-4) subgroup, high Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS, DMFS, and LRFS (both p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were strongly correlated with the TNM classification. Rta-IgG level was a negative prognostic factor in locoregionally advanced NPC patients, especially those with advanced T category or low EBV DNA level.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development and maturation process of intestinal organoids in neonatal mice so as to provide a new model for research on perinatal/neonatal intestinal epithelial development and related diseases.Methods:Intestinal tissue of 3-day-old C57BL/6 mice were collected and cultured for mouse intestinal organoids (MIOs) under standard conditions down to the fifth generation. The morphological changes of MIOs were observed and recorded using inverted phase contrast microscope. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence technique were used to detect the expression and location of markers of intestinal stem cells and differentiated cells of intestinal epithelium among different generations of MIOs (Selected marker genes: Lgr5 for intestinal stem cells, Tpm2 and Gja1 for fetal intestinal progenitor cells, Villin for intestinal epithelial cells, Lyz1 for Paneth cells, Muc2 for goblet cells, Chga for endocrine cells; Selected marker proteins: villin for intestinal epithelial cells, mucin 2 for goblet cells, chromaffin A for endocrine cells, lysozyme for Paneth cells). One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:Two types of MIOs were observed, immature spheroid and mature organoids with crypt-villus structure. Spheroid was the main form in the primary culture. From primary to the second generation, the proportion of spheroids decreased from (96.61±1.36)% to (8.93±1.50)%, and so did the size ( F=12.88, P<0.001). During the second to the fifth generation, mature organoid, as the main form, increased from (91.07±1.50)% to (95.56±2.14)%. The expression of intestinal stem cell marker Lgr5 in the second generation decreased to 0.40±0.06 times of the primary one ( F=76.75, P<0.001) and then increased after this period. The expression of fetal intestinal progenitor markers Tpm2 decreased significantly during the passage (primary generation: 1.00±0.11, the fifth generation: 0.003±0.001, F=148.00, P<0.001); And the expression of Gja1 decreased from primary generation (1.00±0.14) to the second generation (0.06±0.04) ( F=197.10, P<0.001), but kept stable from the second to fifth genetation ( F=2.20, P=0.13). The expressions of gene markers of differentiated cells in intestinal epithelium, including enterocytes, goblet cells, endocrine cells, and Paneth cells, increased after the second generation (the second generation: Villin: 0.46±0.11; Muc2: 0.68±0.29; Chga: 2.53±0.16; Lyz1: 0.98±0.21; the fifth generation: Villin: 1.02±0.05; Muc2: 8.79±0.61; Chga: 4.32±0.45; Lyz1:3.81±0.36; all P<0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that villin, the intestinal epithelial cell marker protein, was distributed along the villus-side of MIOs in primary and the fifth generation culture. Mucin 2 from goblet cell and chromaffin A from endocrine cell expressed at a very low level in the primary generation, while higher in the fifth generation. In the primary culture, lysozyme from Paneth cell was evenly distributed in organoid cells, and high fluorescent dot-shaped expression was observed in the fifth generation. Conclusions:The development and maturation of immature intestinal epithelium can be simulated by continuous culture of neonatal MIOs. MIOs between the primary and second generation could be used as a research model for development of perinatal intestinal epithelium, and the second to the fifth generation as a model for neonatal intestinal diseases studies.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3441-3450, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906822

ABSTRACT

Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are nano-sized spherical vehicles, with a size range between 20-250 nm. OMVs are spontaneously secreted from Gram-negative bacteria and formed by lipid bilayer membranes, comprising multiple parent bacteria-derived components including bacterial antigens, pathogen-associated molecular patterns, proteins and lipids. OMVs have shown multiple potentials for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer therapy and bacterial infection. In this review, the structure, composition and methods for isolating and characterizing of OMVs were introduced. The applications of OMVs for diseases therapy were summarized and future perspectives were discussed.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of acupuncture on ovary morphology and function in dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) model rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 adult female Wistar rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups by a random number table, including control, model, metformin and acupuncture groups, 10 rats in each group. PCOS rat model was developed by injecting with DHEA (6 mg/100 g body weight) in 0.2 mL of oil subcutaneously. Electrical stimulation (2 Hz, 3 mA) was applied to Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA1) and Qihai (CV 6) acupoints for 30 min daily in the acupuncture group, and metformin (200 mg/kg) was given to rats in the metformin group, both once per day for 21 consecutive days, and rats in the normal group was fed with normal saline and fed regularly. After 21 days of administration, the rat blood samples were collected for detecting the reproductive hormonal levels [luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, rats in the acupuncture and metformin groups were significantly lower in weight gain, FSH, LH and T levels, and E@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture might improve ovary morphology and its function in DHEA-induced PCOS model rats.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using network pharmacology to explore the mechanism of the 'invigorating qi and promoting blood circulation' drug pair Ginseng-Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) on treatment of ischemic heart disease (IHD).@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents of ginseng and Danshen drug pair were identified by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the potential targets of the pair were identified. The pharmacodynamics of the pair was analyzed using network pharmacology. The targets of IHD were identified by database screening. Using protein-protein interaction network, the interaction targets of Ginseng-Danshen on IHD were constructed. A "constituent-target-disease" interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape software, Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and biological pathway enrichment analysis were carried out, and the mechanism of improving myocardial ischemia by the Ginseng-Danshen drug pair was investigated.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen active constituents and 53 targets were identified from ginseng, 53 active constituents and 61 targets were identified from Danshen, and 32 protein targets were shared by ginseng and Danshen. Twenty GO terms were analyzed, including cytokine receptor binding, cytokine activity, heme binding, and antioxidant activity. Sixty Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways were analyzed, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-serine-threonine kinase (PI3K-AKT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, interleukin 17 signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, and the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-the receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The specific mechanism of Ginseng-Danshen drug pair in treating IHD may be associated with improving the changes of metabolites inbody, inhibiting the production of peroxides, removing the endogenous oxygen free radicals, regulating the expression of inflammatory factors, reducing myocardial cell apoptosis and promoting vascular regeneration.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release in the treatment of knee varus osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From October 2017 to April 2019, a retrospective analysis was performed on 43 patients with knee varus osteoarthritis and lateral patellar compression syndrome treated by high tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release. There were 15 males and 28 females, aged 53 to 72(62.05±5.17) years. The visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm, and the knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee pain and functional recovery before operation, 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation. And the congruence angle (CA), patellar tilt angle (PTA), and femala-tibial angle (FTA) were measured respectively before and 12 months after operation to evaluate the congruence of patellar joint, and the improvement of line of gravity of lower limb.@*RESULTS@#All 43 patients were followed up for more than 12 months, with a follow-up time of 14 to 28 (19.60±4.50) months. The VAS scores decreased from 6.65±0.65 before operation to 2.16±0.95, 0.51±0.77 and 0.33±0.64 at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High tibial osteotomy combined with arthroscopic lateral retinacular release can relieve weight-bearing pain in frontal axis and improve the function of knee in sagittal axis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Osteotomy , Patella , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888015

ABSTRACT

In this paper,metabolomics and network pharmacology were used to investigate the bioactive components of Harrisonia perforata and their possible mechanisms of action. Metabolites in the flowers,fruits,branches,leaves and stalks of H. perforata were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Meanwhile,multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis( PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA)were applied to screen and identify differential compounds. With metabolomics method,9 differential compounds were preliminarily identified from leaves and other non-traditional medicinal parts. Subsequently,these compounds were explored by using network pharmacology. With gastrointestinal absorption and drug-likeness as limiting conditions,they were imported into the Swiss ADME,from which 7 compounds with potential medicinal activity were obtained. Then,their targets were predicted by PharmMapper,with Human Protein Targets Only and Normalized Fit Score>0. 9 set as limiting conditions,and 60 standardized potential targets were identified with Uniprot. KEGG( Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data was obtained using metascape and the " potential active ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed with Cytoscape 3. 7. 2. The enrichment analysis of KEGG demonstrated that the 60 targets were enriched in 78 signaling pathways( min overlap: 3,P value cutoff: 0. 01,min enrichment: 1. 5),many of which are related to anti-bacteria,anti-inflammation and anti-virus,such as IL-17 signaling pathway,RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Finally,depending on the clinical activity of H. perforata,the relevant signaling pathways were analyzed through experimental data and literature. Dehydroconiferyl alcohol was reported to have the anti-inflammatory effect and perforamone D to possess the antimycobacterial activity. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that dehydroconiferyl alcohol could act on the Alzheimer's disease( AD) signaling pathway by targeting CDK5 R1 and BACE1. ACh E inhibitor is the most promising drug to treat AD,while dehydroconiferyl alcohol has been proved to inhibit ACh E according to literature. The experimental results revealed that the extract of leaves of H. perforata can effectively inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. These are consistent with the enrichment analysis results of KEGG. This study explored the bioactive components and pharmacodynamics of the leaves of the H. perforata,laying a theoretical foundation for its in-depth development and rational application.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Metabolomics , Simaroubaceae
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of glucocorticoid on the biological function of lens epithelial cells (LECs) by bioinformatics and predict related microRNA (miRNA).Methods:GSE3040 database was downloaded and the human LECs line (HLE-B3) cells in the experimental group were treated with 1 μmol/L dexamethasone, and HLE-B3 cells in the control group were treated with 1 μmol/L dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO).GEO2R was used to analyze the differentially expressed genes between the two groups.Metascape website was employed to analyze the functional enrichment of differentially expressed genes, and EdU cell proliferation assay was performed to detect the difference in cell proliferation between the two groups.STRING website and cytoscape software were used to construct protein-protein interaction network.Hub genes were calculated by cytohubba app, and quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect the expression levels of hub genes between the two groups.MirCode website was used to predict the related miRNAs.Results:A total of 341 differentially expressed genes were detected between the experimental group and the control group, among which there were 300 up-regulated genes and 41 down-regulated genes. SLC12A1, MED13L, ALDH5A1, SLC15A3 and WWC1 were the top five down-regulated genes and SCNN1A, ANKRD36, FKBP5, PYY and ADH1B were the top five up-regulated genes.The top 20 terms of functional enrichment were listed, and the negative regulation of HLE-B3 cells proliferation showed the most enrichment.Cell proliferation rate in the experimental group was (8.09±0.20)%, which was significantly lower than (39.63±0.80)% in the control group ( t=38.43, P<0.01).The top ten hub genes were SST, CXCL8, GRM1, GNRH1, CXCL5, PPBP, CX3CR1, PYY, EDNRA and GRK5, and quantitative real time PCR confirmed that the expression levels of SST, CXCL8, GRM1, PYY, EDNRA and GRK5 mRNA were statistically different (all at P<0.05).The top six miRNAs which might be associated with hub genes were miR-15abc, miR-214, miR-23abc, miR-129-5p, miR-132 and miR-24. Conclusions:The 1 μmol/L glucocorticoid can negatively regulate the proliferation of HLE-B3 cells. SST, CXCL8, GRM1, PYY, EDNRA and GRK5 may be hub genes and miR-15abc, miR-214, miR-23abc, miR-129-5p, miR-132, miR-24 are most likely to relate to them.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1714-1718, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulation of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) imatinib resistant genes, in order to improve the therapeutic effect of CML imatinib resistant patients.@*METHODS@#The human CML cell line K562 and imatinib-resistant K562 cells (K562/G01) were collected, and transcriptome of the cells were achieved by RNA-seq. The sequencing data were analyzed by using standard procedures.@*RESULTS@#Compared with K562 cells, 464 genes were significantly changed in K562/G01 cells, including 163 up-regulated and 301 down-regulated genes. The GO function annotation analysis and KEGG pathway analysis results showed that the differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in biological processes such as oxidative phosphorylation, localization to protein organelle, ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis and so on. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) plots showed that 5 gene-sets were up-regulated in K562/G01 significantly, including the pathway of TGF-beta, mTOR and CML.@*CONCLUSION@#CML imatinib resistance is associated with oxidative phosphorylation, during which the pathway of TGF-beta and mTOR are significantly up-regulated.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 432-444, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873767

ABSTRACT

Transporters have a great influence on the transportation and distribution of drugs in the body. On the one hand, solute carrier transporters could transport drugs into tissues and organs, which may improve the oral bioavailability or change the tissue-distribution of the drugs. On the other hand, the ATP-binding cassette could pump some drugs out of the cell, which decreases the intracellular drug concentrations and leads to drug resistance. This paper summarizes the distribution, substrate characteristics and drug design strategies of several important drug transporters, such as improving bioavailability by prodrug design, introducing acid group to improve hepatic selectivity and adjusting the polarity of compounds to decrease efflux ratio.

12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(4): 718-725
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213692

ABSTRACT

Aim of Study: There were many reports published on the relationship between glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) null/presence gene polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer in these years. In previous, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between GSTT1 null/presence gene polymorphism and the risk of lung cancer. This study was conducted to update it. Materials and Methods: The association studies were identified from PubMed and Cochrane Library on March 1, 2016. Results: Sixty-three reports were recruited into this meta-analysis for the association of null genotype of GSTT1 with lung cancer susceptibility, consisting of 21,220 patients with lung cancer and 21,496 controls. There was a marked association between GSTT1 null genotype and lung cancer risk in overall populations and in Asians (overall populations: Odds ratio [OR] = 1.17, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07–1.28, P = 0.006; Asians: OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.23–1.62, P < 0.00001). However, GSTT1 null genotype was not associated with the risk of lung cancer in Caucasians, Brazilian population, and Africans. Conclusion: GSTT1 null genotype is associated with the lung cancer risk in overall populations and in Asians

13.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 222-229
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213804

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate patients with unresectable Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving radiotherapy with induction and concurrent pemetrexed or docetaxel plus cisplatin (PP/DP) chemotherapy and to identify the subgroup most likely to benefit from induction chemotherapy (IC). Subjects and Methods: Patients with unresectable measurable Stage III NSCLC received two cycles of PP/DP IC followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy at a dose of 60–66 Gy. Statistical Analysis Used: Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic factors for survival; logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the predictors for response to IC, and the receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the independent factors predicting response. Results: Eighty patients were included; the median survival time (MST) was 22.1 months. Partial response (PR) to IC was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival. For patients in the PR and stable disease groups, the MST was 36.7 and 19.5 months, respectively. The independent predictors of PR to IC included classification as stage N3 cancer, baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels >10 ng/ml, and cytokeratin fragment 19 (CYFRA21-1) levels >6 ng/ml. With each additional independent predictor, the likelihood of having have PR to IC increased. Conclusions: Radiotherapy with induction and concurrent PP/DP chemotherapy is feasible for patients with unresectable Stage III NSCLC. IC may improve the survival of IC responders, as predicted by elevated CEA and CYFRA21-1 levels and classification as stage N3 cancer. Additional randomized trials on IC may consider these predictors to tailor individualized treatments

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 302-308,F3, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of sensorimotor network functional connectivity and coefficient of variation of dyanmic functional connection in stroke patients before and after acupuncture on the left Yanglingquan by means of functional magnetic resonance, and explore the effect mechanism of needle retention.Methods:Twenty five patients with right subcortical cerebral infarction who were hospitalized in Dongzhimen Hospital from September 2014 to September 2019 were selected as the experimental group.In the same period 21 healthy controls were selected as healthy control group. The resting state and acupuncture state images were collected by functional magnetic resonance imaging, and the images were preprocessed. The sensory motor brain network of subjects was extracted by independent component analysis (ICA). The functional connectivity and dynamic changes were compared before and after acupuncture based on the sensory motor network.Results:In the experimental group, there were differences between acupuncture state and resting state in the left inferior parietal lobule. The acupuncture state was stronger than the resting state (P < 0.05, GRF correction). The coordinates of the peak point were (-27, -51, 48), the T value of the peak point was 5.502, and the number of voxels was 12. The variation of dynamic functional connectivity in the sensory motor network of acupuncture state was significantly lower than that in resting state( P<0.05, GRF correction), the peak point coordinates were (-5, -30, 39), the peak T value was -3.152, and the number of voxels is 9.In the control group, there was no significant difference between acupuncture state and resting state in functional connection of sensory motor network, while the difference of sensory motor network and thalamus between acupuncture state and resting state was statistically significant. The intensity of acupuncture state was lower than that of resting state ( P<0.05, GRF correction), the coordinates of peak point were (-12, 3, 6), the T value of peak point was -4.253, and the number of voxels was 183.There was no significant difference in the variation of dynamic functional connectivity in sensory motor network before and after acupuncture. Compared with the healthy control group, the functional connectivity of the experimental group was stronger than that of the healthy control group ( P<0.05, GRF correction). The coordinates of the peak point were (0, 42, 48), the T value of the peak point was 3.988, and the number of voxels was 53.The difference in the resting state of thalamus in the experimental group was weaker than that in the healthy control group ( P< 0.05, GRF correction), the coordinates of the peak point were (- 9, -15, 9), the T value of the peak point was -6.596, and the number of voxels was 101; there was no significant difference in the dynamic functional connectivity variability between the two groups, but there were scattered differences in the resting state ( P<0.05, GRF correction). With age, gender and course of disease as control variables, partial correlation analysis showed that the average functional connectivity strength in the sensory motor network of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the Fugl Meyer assessment (FMA) of the lower limbs. There was a negative correlation between the scores of FMA. The correlation coefficient between the average functional connectivity in the sensory motor network of acupuncture state and the FMA score of lower extremity was -0.533 ( P=0.011), and the correlation coefficient between the average functional connectivity in the sensory motor network of acupuncture state and FMA score of lower extremity was -0.485 ( P=0.022). Conclusion:The brain function in acupuncture state sensorimotor network of patients with cerebral infarction is different from that in resting state, and this operation mode also has time-related fluctuation changes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817649

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the clinical manifestation of COVID- 19 severe cases.【Methods】Clinical data of one severe case with COVID-19 including the clinical characteristic ,laboratory testing results,radiography,treatment,complication and outcome of the patient were retrospectively collected and analyzed.【Results】 The patient with COVID-19 was a 61-year old male,He suffered with underlying disease. His symptoms included fever,cough,myalgia, fatigue,and dyspnea. Laboratory testing results included normal WBC count,decreased lymphocyte cells,elevated LDH and hypoxemia. Radiography findings showed bilateral lung infiltration. His condition deteriorated after intensive treatment for one week. He was intubated and treated with mechanical ventilation because of complicating with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS).【Conclusion】COVID-19 is an emerging acute communicable disease,which lack specific and effective treatment. Most patients have a good prognosis but mortality in severe cases is high. More attention should be paid on the high risk of progression in COVID-19 cases.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 700-703, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To provide reference of donated drugs management for pharmaceutical departments during public health emergencies, so as to ensure the quality, safety and reasonable use of donated drugs. METHODS: Combined with the legal requirements and common problems of donated drugs, explore scientific and reasonable donated drug management principles, and establish donated drug management systems and processes. RESULTS: In the past, when medical institutions responded to major public health emergencies, there were some problems in the management of the demand, qualification and quality, validity, use, price, and surplus drugs of donated drugs. According to the requirements of the relevant laws, regulations and guidance on the characteristics, management, use and communication between donors and recipients of donated drugs, we established a scientific, reasonable and orderly management model, and clarified the management system, method and comprehensive management process. CONCLUSION: The problems, principles and models of donated drugs management were sorted out comprehensively, which is helpful to prevent and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881332

ABSTRACT

@#The current global pandemic, known as COVID-19, poses challenges to healthcare systems worldwide. At the same time, it has provoked a collective focus on new and disruptive technology and stimulated the application of such technologies to disease control and containment efforts. Some of the innovations that have played the most significant roles have come from the fields of artificial intelligence, big data analytics, and communications technology. The current situation provides a good opportunity to relook how medical people engage with technological advances. This narrative review attempts to provide a historical context to the adoption of technology and of technical developments in Singapore and discusses the impact of disruptive technology in healthcare.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of Qihong capsule on pentobarbital sodium induced heart failure in beagle dogs. Method:Thirty healthy adult beagle dogs were randomly divided into 6 groups, 6 in each group. They were normal group, model group, digoxin tablet group (40 μg·kg-1), Qihong capsule high, medium and low dose groups (2.6,1.3,0.65 g·kg-1). The heart failure model of beagle dogs was established by intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium. The success standard of the model was that the maximum rate of rise of left ventricular pressure was reduced by 70%.The corresponding drugs were given through duodenum. The Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, coronary blood flow, cardiac output, left ventricular pressure and maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise were measured by multi-channel physiological recorder. The arterial oxygen content and coronary sinus oxygen content were measured by Roche blood oxygen analyzer at different time points, and the myocardial oxygen utilization rate was calculated. Result:After intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium for about 15 minutes, beagle dogs began to show obvious symptoms of heart failure. The main manifestations were the increase of PR interval of Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, the decrease of coronary blood flow, left ventricular pressure, cardiac output, cardiac output, venous oxygen content, and the increase of myocardial oxygen utilization rate (P<0.01) compared with the model group, Qihong capsule significantly increased coronary blood flow at 60-120 min after treatment (P<0.05). The cardiac output of 2.6 g·kg-1 Qihong capsule increased significantly at 45-60 min after treatment, with the maximum increase of about 16%, which was significantly different from that of model group (P<0.05). At the same time, it can increase the oxygen content of coronary sinus blood, which indicates that the myocardial oxygen supply is increased and the oxygen utilization rate is decreased. Qihong capsule 1.3 g·kg-1 group significantly increased the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (P<0.05), the maximum increase rate was about 42%. Conclusion:Qihong capsule can increase coronary blood flow and venous blood oxygen content at the same time, make myocardial nutrient supply sufficient, reduce oxygen utilization rate, on this basis, Qihong capsule can further increase cardiac output and improve cardiac function, so as to play a protective role in heart failure.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828578

ABSTRACT

A novel coronavirus that emerged in late 2019 rapidly spread around the world. Most severe cases need endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, and some mild cases may need emergent surgery under general anesthesia. The novel coronavirus was reported to transmit via droplets, contact and natural aerosols from human to human. Therefore, aerosol-producing procedures such as endotracheal intubation and airway suction may put the healthcare providers at high risk of nosocomial infection. Based on recently published articles, this review provides detailed feasible recommendations for primary anesthesiologists on infection prevention in operating room during COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Anesthesiologists , Reference Standards , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Cross Infection , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Reference Standards , Operating Rooms , Methods , Reference Standards , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828385

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease(IHD) is a common and frequently-occurring disease that causes serious harm to human health. Autophagy is a life process that maintains cell homeostasis by degrading macromolecules such as damaged organelles in cells. In the process of ischemic heart disease development, on the one hand, cardiomyocytes degrade macromolecules such as damaged organelles by autophagy to provide material basis for energy synthesis and maintain cell homeostasis; on the other hand, over-activated autophagy can also increase cardiomyocyte death. Ischemic heart disease has a complex pathological mechanism, and the occurrence of autophagy is closely related to the survival or death of myocardial cells, so the regulation of autophagy may be an important therapeutic target for ischemic heart disease. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) with obvious effects, unique advantages and great potential has been widely used in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. In recent years, more and more studies have found that TCM can protect myocardium by regulating autophagy of cardiomyocytes. In this review, we summarized recent studies on the regulation of autophagy in myocardial cells by traditional Chinese medicine in ischemic heart disease. The pharmacological mechanism of Chinese medicinein regulating autophagy to protect cardiomyocytes was reviewed through different ways(promoting or inhibiting autophagy) from three levels, i.e. active ingredient, as well as drug pair and compound. The specific mechanism of Chinese medicine in regulating autophagy to protect ischemic heart disease was explored to provide references or new ideas for clinical treatment and drug development of ischemic heart disease.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac
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